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  • It is challenging for people to embrace the concept of Universal Design for a home. While they can hypothetically recognize potential benefits of Universal Design in the home, it is difficult for them to envision and accept a home built to Universal Design standards. They appreciate specific design elements that make their homes more convenient and comfortable for their needs today. But, they reject Universal Design elements that they do not need today or that might meet the needs of only specific groups The point to make is that these are homes that are universally designed, look entirely different and not what consumers expect – they need to see it to get it
  • Federal, state, and local governments should place emphasis on the preservation of affordable housing near transit.
  • First Appearance: Describe downtown Convention Center, Opera House, Mary Tyler Moore Statue, then nicollet mall, nicollet towers and light rail station.
  • Meet Rose. Rose is an 83 year old resident of Nicollet Towers in downtown Minneapolis. Nicollet Towers provides affordable housing for nearly 300 older persons, persons with disabilities, and families, and is located in a dense, compact neighborhood and close to several bus lines.  Rose uses public transit two to three times a week, relying on the bus more than she used to, as walking has become more difficult, and takes the bus to the light rail that takes her to the Mall of America. She’s able to regularly walk or take short trips to restaurants, shopping, church, and to the Orchestra Hall. Her ability to take the bus allows her to maintain her independence and involvement in her community. Slightly more than one half-mile to light rail
  • Main Question: Can changes to the built environment improve health and well-being for older adults and persons of all ages?”HousingBuild “great” housing in advantageous locations (e.g. Universal Design, locations near services and transit, weatherized/insulated, etc.)TransportationBuild Complete Streets, connective street networks, provide affordable transportation options, good transit networks, etc.EnvironmentBuild a healthier environment (e.g. Reducing hazards, air pollution from autos, Environmental Justice, allowing/encouraging physical activities.
  • Having nearby places to visit frequently leads to greater opportunities for physical activity, and at the same time, reduces one’s dependence on the automobile as the primary mode of travel. In established moderate-density suburbs and along transportation corridors, smaller lots and multi-unit housing can support public transit and encourage walking and bicycling, thus further reducing automobile dependence and promoting a healthier environment for older adults and persons of all ages. Simply put, more compact forms of development around transit stations minimizes traffic, supports transit, improves air quality, preserves open space, supports economic vitality, creates walkable communities, and provides a range of housing options. Well-planned transit-oriented development and the incorporation of “Complete Streets” principles that are designed for all users can help to meet these goals.
  • Federal: Sustainable CommunitiesRegional: MPOsState and Local: Land Use (Planning, Zoning) and housing and transportation investments, walking and bicyciling as recreation AND transportationCitizen and Advocacy – AARP


  • 1. Equity for Community Change –
    Including Older Adults
    Title text here
    Dr. Rodney Harrell
    Senior Strategic Policy Advisor
    AARP Public Policy Institute
  • 2. U.S. population is growing … and growing older
    Source: U.S Census Bureau - Census projections as of 8/2008
  • 3. 2010 AARP Survey (US): “What I’d really like to do is remain in my current residence for as long as possible.”
    Source: AARP, “Home and Community Preferences of the 50+ population”
    Age category: 45+
  • 4. Fewer 50+ Householders Own Without Mortgages
    Source: Harrell, Housing for Older Adults: The Impacts of the Recession, AARP Public Policy Institute, 2011
  • 5. Lower-Income Households Age 50+ Experience Significant Housing Cost Burdens
    Source: Harrell, Housing for Older Adults: The Impacts of the Recession, AARP Public Policy Institute, 2011
  • 6. Complete Streets
    safe, comfortable & convenient for travel by automobile, foot, bicycle, & transit regardless of age or ability
    AARP Bulletin
    PPI Report:
    “Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America”
    Authors: Jana Lynott, Amanda Taylor, Hannah Twaddell, Jessica Haase, Kristin Nelson, Jared Ulmer, Barbara McCann, Edward R. Stollof
    PPI Report #2009-12
  • 7. Strategies to Implement Universal Design
  • 8.
  • 9. Visitable
    3 Main Features:
    Bathroom access
    Step-less entrance
    Accessible circulation
    • One zero step entrance, located at the front, back, or side of the house, on an accessible path of travel
    • 10. 32 inch (82cm) clear opening at doorways and accessible circulation throughout the floor plan
    • 11. Basic access to at least one bath or half bath on the ground floor
  • (From AARP’s DRAFT Model State Law)
    Several Features:
    Full bathroom w/ access
    Step-free entrance
    Accessible Kitchen
    Accessible circulation
    Potential bedroom
    • One zero step entrance, located at the front, back, or side of the house, on an accessible path of travel
    • 12. Clear opening at doorways (82cm) and accessible circulation throughout the floor plan
    • 13. Basic access to at least one full bath on the ground floor
    • 14. Habitable interior space - room that can be used as a bedroom
    • 15. Accessible Kitchen
    • 16. Lighting and Controls
  • Universal Design Laws and Programs
  • 17. Design for Communities
  • 18. © Google 2010
  • 19. 1
    © Google 2010
    © Google 2010
    © Google 2010
    © Google 2010
  • 20. Light Rail Station
    Nicollet Mall
    Nicollet Towers
    © Google 2010
  • 21. © Google 2010
    Nicollet Mall, Minneapolis
    © Google 2010
    © Google 2010
  • 22. Who Benefits the Most from Housing Near Transit?
    Minimal Benefit Full Benefit
    Low Amount of Limitations
    High Amount of Limitations
    Individual:Open to the idea of transit, without unaddressed cognitive or physical impairments, and able to read and understand signage
    Individual:Significant physical limitations that prevent boarding or waiting for transit.
    Those who do not understand the transit system.
    Community (External):Living in well-planned, safe, healthy communities and in walkable neighborhoods with resources nearby.
    Frequent, accessible, reliable transit service that connects to most other places that one would want to travel to.
    Community (External): Living in poorly planned or economically struggling communities with little shopping or services nearby.
    Poor transit service, including bus drivers who won’t stop, poor route planning, unreliable service, inaccessible stops/stations, high crime levels.
  • 23. To order: http://www.agingsociety.org/agingsociety/publications/public_policy/index.html
  • 24. The Way Forward: Healthy Community Planning and Design
  • 25. The Way Forward: Healthy Community Planning and Design
  • 26. AARP Public Policy Institute
    • Informs and stimulates public debate on the issues we face as we age.
    • 27. Provides objective research and analysis
    • 28. Promotes the development of sound, creative policies to address our common need for economic security, health care, and quality of life.