Dever9/27 Scott Bernstein


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Presentation from Partners in Innovation National Symposium in Denver, CO on September 27, 2010

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Dever9/27 Scott Bernstein

  1. 1. National TOD Database National Housing Conference Partners in Innovation Conference Denver CO July 27 2010 Scott Bernstein, Center for Neighborhood Technology & Sasha Forbes, Reconnecting America
  2. 2. What is the H+T Affordability Index? –A tool to measure the 2 largest household costs – housing and transportation – by neighborhood. –Prepared for all 161,000 neighborhoods (Census Block Groups) in 337 regions of the US w/80% of US population H+T Affordability Index Equation H+T Index = (Housing Costs + Transportation Costs) Income
  3. 3. The Meaning of Drive ‗til You Qualify— Transport Costs Can Approach or Exceed Housing Costs for Working Households % Income 10-15 miles out Miles
  4. 4. Why a TOD Database? • Revealing the value of transit requires data from many sources • Needed a tool that allows you to quickly warehouse data for the purpose of creating new knowledge and understandings • Existing networks weren‘t dedicated to producing the tool
  5. 5. Got Transit? History - CTOD Database • Initially funded by FTA (2005) then HUD then by FTA/HUD/Surdna • Tool to measure & project transit demand • Identifies existing & potential TOD Markets & their benefits • Goal: Accelerate practice & commitment to high performance TOD Realizing the Potential: Expanding Housing Opportunities Near Transit by Center for Transit-Oriented Development for FTA and HUD
  6. 6. CTOD TOD Database--Updated (Total = 4,610 Transit Stations) Includes: • Heavy Rail • Rail Rapid Transit • Light Rail • Trolley • Streetcar • Bus Rapid Transit Source: 2003 National Transit Atlas Database, • Monorail Transit Agencies, Federal Transit Administration, • Skyway CNT (Stations as of December, 2007)
  7. 7. Spans 3,572 Existing Stations Across 9 Service Types Existing Stations by Service Type SKYWAY Monorail Cable Car Service Type People Mover BRT Stations Light Rail Trolley/StreetCar Commuter Rail RRT 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 Stations
  8. 8. Building the Database Methodology • Created using the 2003 National Transit Atlas Database (NTAD) • Contacted transit agencies for updated route & station GIS files • Types of data collected: – 2000 Census demographics – LED & CTPP Employment & Business Type Statistics – Housing and Transportation (H+TSM) Affordability Index
  9. 9. Data at a Neighborhood Level • GIS used to proportionally assign the data • Drilling down to the neighborhood using census tracts, block groups and blocks Census Boundaries don‘t align perfectly with Transit Zones, particularly Census Tracts Census Blocks allow us Census Block to really focus on the Groups offer detailed characteristics of finer detail a neighborhood
  10. 10. User Friendly Features • One Stop Shop - Over 40,000 characteristics for 4,610 stations • Data on 3 levels: Barrio Logan, San Diego, CA – Transit Zone (1/2 mile radius buffer around each station) – Aggregate of Transit Zones (accounts for overlap between Transit Zones) – Transit Region • Presented in standard and custom report formats • Displayed on a map-based website • Can be downloaded in Microsoft Word table or Excel spreadsheet
  11. 11. Data from Census 2000 • Summary File 1 – Housing units, Fruitvale Transit Village, occupancy status, Oakland tenure, household size, race/ethnicity, gender • Summary File 3 – Income, median value of owner occupied housing, gross rent, vacancy status, vehicle ownership, mode to work, travel time to work • Census Transportation Planning Package (CTPP) – Place of residence/work, and origin/destination
  12. 12. Longitudinal Employment- Household Data (LED) • Joint effort – US Census and Bureau of Transportation Statistics • 2002 – 08 data reported by household and workplace for most states • Quarterly workforce indicators – Average earnings, number of establishments, job creation/destruction, new hires • Residence area characteristics – Count of workers by sector, quarterly earnings, worker age, median distance traveled to work • Workplace area characteristics – Count of jobs by sector, worker age, and monthly earnings
  13. 13. Housing +Transportation Affordability Index • 41 Characteristics for each Census Block Group • 161,000 Block Groups in all 337 Metro Areas • Same Underlying Geography as the TOD Database
  14. 14. Preview— The National TOD Database Fruitvale Transit Village, Oakland, CA
  15. 15. Metro Denver Example
  16. 16. Clicking on Denver Pulls Up a View of Region Highlighting Existing Fixed Guideway in Orange and Proposed in Purple
  17. 17. Reports Portal Provides Shortcut to Census SF1 and 3, CTPP, LED + HTA Index, 40,000 measurements for each transit stop
  18. 18. Existing System View Shows Current and Approved RTD Lines w/Half-mile Buffers, Can Also Select Quarter-Mile
  19. 19. View Shows Eventual Build-Out for All Existing & Proposed Lines
  20. 20. Selecting Population Density, Report for All Stations Generated as Either a Table…
  21. 21. As a List…
  22. 22. Or You Can Decide to Download as a Spreadsheet…
  23. 23. Shown Here as a Word/Excel Spreadsheet
  24. 24. Selecting a Station Generates a Popup Window…
  25. 25. For This Station at 18th & Stout Showing Population, Net & Gross Density, Block Size
  26. 26. And Switching from Data to Streetview Gives a 360 Degree Scroll
  27. 27. Same View for Union Station…
  28. 28. Or for Pepsi Center/Elitch Gardens
  29. 29. And Again With Streetview
  30. 30. Contrasting These Denver Stations with Planned East Corridor Station Toward Airport: Low Density, Little Urban Form—Near Montbello, Green Valley Ranch, Foreclosure Hot-Spots
  31. 31. As Shown by the Streetview
  32. 32. Switching to HT View at the North Metro 162d Avenue Stop—H+T over 70% for AMI
  33. 33. Good Value Creation Potential But Will Take Some Work to Reduce H+T To Affordability
  34. 34. System Easily Shows Structure of Existing and Proposed Systems for Benchmarking--Chicago
  35. 35. San Juan PR
  36. 36. Charlotte NC
  37. 37. Portland OR
  38. 38. LA & Southland CA
  39. 39. Greater Metro NYC
  40. 40. New Orleans LA
  41. 41. Tucson AZ Modern Streetcar
  42. 42. Will Meet Phoenix LRT If Sun Corridor Rail Connects the Two
  43. 43. SF Bay Area
  44. 44. Washington DC Meets Northern VA & Baltimore MD
  45. 45. Which Continues to Pursue Expansion
  46. 46. Cleveland GRTA Hosting Leadership Development on Regional Economic Strategy
  47. 47. Extensive Coverage in Metro Philadelphia
  48. 48. Sound Transit Connects Seattle Tacoma and Cascadia Region
  49. 49. Using the Tool to Sort Station Areas by Place Type
  50. 50. Generate Standard Reports • Residential densities • Journey to work • Where workers live by occupation • Auto and non-auto commute to work by industry • Vehicles per worker for households under poverty status Or create custom reports of your choosing!
  51. 51. Using the Database to Promote Sustainable & Livable Communities • Planners and Developers interested in identifying underutilized TOD markets for residential, commercial and economic development • Transit agencies interested in the joint development potential of their real estate holdings Pearl District, Portland, OR • Transportation planners interested in origin and destination commute patterns within a specific transit zone or corridor • MPOs/Regional Councils preparing consolidated land use and transportation plans looking to identify priority development areas • Researchers working at local and/or Portland, OR national level on transit access issues related to affordable housing, minority, low-income, elderly, or disabled persons
  52. 52. Developing Strategic TOD Plans for Deploying Underutilized Assets
  53. 53. Helping Justify Reduced Parking in TOD Areas—Housing For People Not Cars
  54. 54. Identifying Strong & Weak Local Retail Market Potential
  55. 55. The Downeaster as a Model for Continued and Enhanced Regional Cooperation and Strategy • Serves a largely rural corridor NE from Boston through NH to Portland ME (the other) • Needed a focus on community benefits to get public & private buy-in • Resulted in support from community leaders, investors, Gov. Baldacci, legislature & USDOT
  56. 56. Boston – Portland CBSA •288 Stations in 2000 •10 in Downeaster Corridor •Expansion to Freeport, Brunswick •396,000 HHs in 2000, 16% of total •Will grow to 752,000 or 24% in 2030 •Growth of 356,000 almost ½ of Projected Regional Growth •Only NY, LA, Bay Area & Chicago Will See More TOD HHs •Corridor to NE is a chain of rural cities •Extension two stops to Freeport & Brunswick will link to Maine Eastern RR to Rockland
  57. 57. Portland Old Orchard Bch Saco-Biddeford Wells Wells Dover Examined each station area’s Demographics, housing, Commercial, economics Durham Haverhill Woburn Boston Exeter
  58. 58. Downeaster Expansion Benefits Study in 2008 Projected by 2030- • Cumulative • $2.4 B in annual construction of $7.2B resident and visitor • Const/rehab of 42k hu purchasing power + 6.8M sf commercial • $75 M in annual new • Over 17,000 jobs state and local tax • $244 million in annual revenue transport cost savings • Affordable housing required by State law Broke ground last month! Will be completed Fall 2012
  59. 59. Putting the TOD Database to Work • New map-based website • Limited to CTOD partners & FTA currently • Beta-test just completed-thank you! • Working on strategy to release to wider audience in 4-6 weeks
  60. 60. Coming Soon to a Station Near You • Release to limited audience – advisory review team representing different stakeholders • Collect & synthesize feedback • Make system improvements & enhance applications—EG, Include updated Census 2010 (in 2012) and ACS 2005-2009 data this winter • Dissemination – Create users guide & users group – Develop a ―train the trainer‖ curriculum – Prepare & implement a marketing plan
  61. 61. Thank You! CTOD Contacts for the National TOD Database Are: Nadine Fogarty Maria Choca Urban Abby Thorne-Lyman
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