KEY QUESTION FOR THE TWIN CITIES: How can Transitway planning, station area designs, and related development be done in a way that is INCLUSIVE OF & EQUITABLE TOWARDS everyone, including members of nearby Environmental Justice communities?
What is Environmental Justice? There are 3 fundamental environmental justice principles: Environmental Justice Communities Exist, and we must prevent “disproportionate impacts” to them, including social & economic effects. 1. To avoid, minimize, or mitigate disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects, including social and economic effects, on minority populations and low-income populations. 2. To ensure the full and fair participation by all potentially affected communities in the transportation decision-making process. Who Decides? Community Engagement process must include affected communities 3. To prevent the denial of, reduction in, or significant delay in the receipt of benefits by minority and low-income populations. Who Benefits? The managing agency must protect the rights of minority and low-income communities to equally benefit from the project. [ from FHWA FTA Environmental Justice http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ej2000.htm]
Title VI – Civil Rights Act "No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Retrieved from http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ej2.htm
Environmental Justice "Each Federal agency shall make achieving environmental justice part of its mission by identifying and addressing, as appropriate, disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects of its programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations.“ Executive Order 12898, Federal Actions to Address Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations, 1994 “Safety and mobility are two of the U.S. Department of Transportation's (DOT's) top priorities. Achieving environmental justice is another undeniable mission of the agency.” Retrieved fromhttp://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/ej2.htm
HOW DOES ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE IMPROVE TRANSPORTATION DECISION MAKING? Environmental justice is more than a set of legal and regulatory obligations. Properly implemented, environmental justice principles and procedures improve all levels of transportation decision making. This approach will:
Make better transportation decisions that meet the needs of all people.
Design transportation facilities that fit more harmoniously into communities.
Enhance the public-involvement process, strengthen community-based partnerships, and provide minority and low-income populations with opportunities to learn about and improve the quality and usefulness of transportation in their lives.
Improve data collection, monitoring, and analysis tools that assess the needs of, and analyze the potential impacts on minority and low-income populations.
Partner with other public and private programs to leverage transportation-agency resources to achieve a common vision for communities.
Avoid disproportionately high and adverse impacts on minority and low-income populations.
Minimize and/ or mitigate unavoidable impacts by identifying concerns early in the planning phase and providing offsetting initiatives and enhancement measures to benefit affected communities and neighborhoods.
Central Corridor LRT On the front end of this project proposal … … community leaders wondered: “Is this an Opportunity or a Threat?”
Community Summit Vision To be successful, the light rail line must not only improve mobility, but must also serve as a catalyst to strengthen and enhance existing and future neighborhoods, workforces and businesses along the line.
Saint Paul &
Minneapolis Community Summit, March, 2009
Planners can start by asking the right questions
Equitable Community Engagement: Bring people and community groups in early for authentic participation in the transitway planning & decision making process.
Coalition Partners included: Alliance for Metropolitan Stability Aurora/St. Anthony Community Development Corporation (ASANDC) Community Stabilization Project District Councils Collaborative of Saint Paul and Minneapolis Hmong Organizing Program, TakeActionMN ISAIAH Jewish Community Action Minnesota Center for Environmental Advocacy Transit for Livable Communities Housing Preservation Project (HPP) University United
The Community Argued: There were distinct environmental justice populations within the Central section that were not properly identified within the Environmental Impact Statement City of St. Paul, Ramsey County & other public officials and their Planning Staff worked with Community Groups to resolve this issue.
Find Allies in High Places. “Grassroots groups ranging from Asian shopkeepers to disabled residents clamored for the extra stops, and found a friend in Rogoff. He took it up as a matter of civil rights because of the low-income and minority communities who live along the line. … while attending a transit conference last fall in Boston. He said he was cornered by a handful of Twin Cities advocates who spotted him while he was ordering coffee. ‘Those were the people who found in me in line in Starbucks,’ he said.” Minnesota Public Radio March 12, 2010 - Laura Yuen FTA Administrator Peter Rogoff
“Rogoff says the Central Corridor became the poster child of why the [CEI] policy needed to be changed. ‘It was taking on a form that was going to be really silly -- silly in that the Met Council was proposing to build foundations for stations, and not the stations to serve the residents of that community,’ he said. ‘And that is really indefensible on any score.’ " Minnesota Public Radio March 12, 2010 - Laura Yuen http://www.metrostability.org/campaigns/article.php?sid=Stops_for_Us
New Federal Performance Measures FTA has revised the New Starts evaluation criteria, by balancing the Cost Effectiveness Index (CEI) with other social, economic and environmental factors: Cost Effectiveness Index - 20% Land Use - 20% Economic Development - 20% Mobility - 20% Environmental Benefits - 10% Operating Efficiencies - 10%
AFFORDABLE HOUSING ALONG THE CENTRAL CORRIDOR LRT
CENTRAL CORRIDOR FUNDERS COLLABORATIVE: WHO’S WORKING ON HOUSING ISSUES? Groups we support: Central Corridor Affordable Housing Partnership — We helped fund this working group to develop a corridor-wide affordable housing strategy and plan. Central Corridor Transit-Oriented Design Land Acquisition Fund Taskforce — We funded them to explore ways to take advantage of pre-light rail transit land values and promote transit-oriented development. LEARN MORE Impacts of the Hiawatha Light Rail Transit Line on property values (U of M research) Who will get to live near the Central Corridor Light Rail Line? Center for Transit Oriented Development Reports: Affordable Housing in Transit Oriented Development Preserving Affordable Living and Access in Livable Communities The Mixed-Income Housing TOD Action Guide Realizing the Potential: Expanding Housing Options Near Transit Many groups are active in advocating for or working toward affordable housing in the Central Corridor. Jewish Community Action MICAH ISAIAH Alliance for Metropolitan Stability Community Stabilization Project and Corridor Housing Initiative Minnesota Housing Finance Agency City of Saint Paul City of Minneapolis Hennepin County Center for Energy and the Environment Neighborhood Energy Consortium These groups offer general expertise in the area of affordable housing: Minnesota Housing Partnership Center for Housing Policy: The Campaign for Affordable Housing
Housing Policies being considered along our Regional Transitways: Inclusionary Zoning policies triggered by public subsidization of development
Land-Banking partnerships between state and regional housing authorities
Home Foreclosure Prevention and Conversion Targeting
Taking Inventory of publicly subsidized housing and ID’ing buildings at- risk for market conversions
Community Benefits Agreements & Corridor Compacts
Carty Heights: This four-story Independent Living complex offers 49 affordable one-bedroom apartments for seniors. It is one of several HUD 202 projects owned and managed by Episcopal Homes of Minnesota along the Central Corridor. Rent is set at 30% of resident’s income (utilities included) The project benefits from it’s close proximity to the Wilder Foundation’s community headquarters and easy access to a future Light Rail station. The Wilder Center provides a variety of services and program coordination to the surrounding neighborhood, including community convenings.
Rondo Community Outreach Library at the corner of Dale and University Ave. University Dale Apartments: There are over 92 very affordable apartments and 6 townhomes that are part of the building. There is on-site management with an office, enclosed parking, a community room for renters to use for events, and a meeting room in the apartment office.
The Frogtown/Rondo Action Network, FRAN, is made up of:
Aurora/St. Anthony Neighborhood Development Corporation
FRAN's goals are to direct resources toward community-based projects already under way that would otherwise be constrained by limited means and abilities.There have been 11 projects identified by the partnership. The following are four examples: Creating Home OwnershipTo encourage creative home ownership for those in rental situations; lease to purchase with preparation to become good owners. Renters Housing provisions for renters and preparation to become potential homeowners. ForeclosuresHow to stabilize current homeowners and preparation to thrive. Creating "Green" JobsBased on the LRT premise that more jobs will be created and improve economic situation of residents.
Rendering of Frogtown Square by Trossen Wright Plutowski Architects, PA Frogtown Square: At street level, Frogtown Square will be home to locally-owned restaurants and retail shops. The project will include more than 20,000 square feet of retail space on the ground floor and 50 active senior living units above. It will also include underground parking for residents and surface parking for customers. Kings Crossing senior apartments will crown the complex, bringing much-needed affordable housing to low-income seniors in the neighborhood. Kings crossing is Episcopal Homes of Minnesota’s third HUD-202 project on University Avenue (& Dale Ave).
CASE STUDY #3: VAN WHITE STATION SW LRT This is about Access vs. Isolation
HarrisonNeighborhood 2000 Census: African American 39% Asian 27% European American 22% Other 12% 43 percent of Harrison residents were below the poverty level in 1999. Retrieved from City of Minneapolis Neighborhood Profiles: http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/neighborhoods/harrison_population.asp#TopOfPage
Geography of the Harrison Neighborhood To Downtown Minneapolis
A commitment to full public participation Bassets Creek Valley Community Benefits Meeting, 2007
Bassett Creek Valley Master Plan For over 10 years, Harrison Neighborhood Association and Northside residents have been planning for the redevelopment of Bassett Creek Valley to provide quality affordable housing, living wage jobs, avoid displacement, and build community assets that will directly benefit the current residents. Over 650 residents and other stakeholders participated in the planning process.
Bassett Creek Valley Master Plan EXPECTED REDEVELOPMENT OUTCOMES:
The Interchange is proposed to be the terminus station for these commuter rail lines: Image Concept by HDR prepared for Hennepin County Intermodal Facility Report, Minneapolis, MN January 2009 Midwest High Speed Rail Assoc.
Bassett Creek Valley Master Plan Can we fully develop Linden Yards East if there are 14 - 18 Commuter trains parked there, storing between 80 - 100 rail cars per work day on this site?
Alliance for Metropolitan Stability We are a coalition of advocacy organizations that work across issue silos for more equitable development in the Twin Cities. We work together to advance racial, economic and environmental justice in the way growth and development happens in our region. We support grassroots organizing campaigns that demonstrate how the people, places and issues of the Twin Cities are interconnected – and interdependent.
Regional Transitways participant groups 1000 Friends of Minnesota African Development Center Alliance for Metropolitan Stability Council on Black Minnesotans CURA Community Growth Options District Councils Collaborative of Saint Paul & Minneapolis Family & Children’s Service Fresh Energy Growth & Justice Harrison Neighborhood Association Housing Preservation Project ISAIAH Metropolitan Consortium of Community Developers MICAH Midtown Community Works Partnership Midtown Greenway Coalition Minneapolis Urban League MN Center for Environmental Advocacy Native American Community Development Institute Smart Growth America Somali Action Alliance Twin Cities Local Initiative Support Corporation Transit for Livable Communities Co-convened by AMS & the Housing Preservation Project
Regional Transitways table: Equity Statement “To ensure fair and equitable access to transit, jobs, and affordable housing for low-income communities and communities of color by promoting an inclusive public input process and influencing future corridor alignment, stops locations, land use plans, and development opportunities along regional transitways.”
“It is important that the American Indian Community continue to push and develop community-centered strategies for equitable development. These strategies must focus on creating healthy, vibrant, communities of opportunity. Equitable outcomes come about when smart, intentional strategies are put in place to ensure that low-income communities and communities of color participate in and benefit from decisions that shape their neighborhoods and regions.” - NACDI
Need to serve the people who are most in need Opportunity to provide transportation to jobs in the NW suburbs Long term economic development potential Right of way issues along Penn Ave. Displacement of residents Opportunity to remove blighted problem housing Community sustainability Put forth alternative routes Process is of providing information to the community is disjointed, needs to incorporate land use projections, economic development projections, etc. Traffic Eminent domain on Penn Ave. Gentrification (Rondo Neighborhood) Connectivity with major transportation infrastructure Loss of potential economic development in North Minneapolis if the D1 Segment is selected Parking replacement Parking accommodation for transit way patrons Park impacts Wetland impacts Wildlife habitat impacts Noise impacts Vibration impacts 59 BOTTINEAU LRT: ISSUES IDENTIFIED AT RECENT PUBLIC MEETINGS
Bottineau LRT & BRT Alignments Race & Population Density
Forming a Northside Residents Transportation Group Goal:Organize a core working group of community members to make a commitment to attending meetings on an ongoing basis. This working group will identify the issues, concerns, and solutions for the future development of the Bottineau Transitway. This working group will also have a commitment to an authentic, transparent and accountable community process with the ultimate goal of leveraging community benefits for north Minneapolis. 61