01 history of_the_internet

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01 history of_the_internet

  1. 1. History of the Internet WeeSan Lee weesan@cs.ucr.edu
  2. 2. # of hosts 100 120 140 160 180 200 20 40 60 80 0Dec-69Dec-70Dec-71Dec-72Dec-73Dec-74 Internet HostsDec-75Dec-76Dec-77Dec-78Dec-79
  3. 3. Internet Hosts 200 1969 ARPANET was born. 4 180 nodes were inter-connected: 160 UCLA,SRI,UCSB, U. of Utah 140 Charley Kline from UCLA 120 sent 1st packet.# of hosts 100 First RFC by Steve Crocker. 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  4. 4. Internet Hosts 200 1970 RFC maintained by Jon 180 Postel (the RFC-editor). 160 ARPANET used NCP 140 (Network Control Protocol), 120 first end-to-end protocol# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  5. 5. Internet Hosts 200 1971 15 nodes were connected. 180 Ray Tomlinson of BBN 160 invented email program. 140 120# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  6. 6. Internet Hosts 200 1972 @ was chosen by Ray 180 Tomlinson to separate the 160 userid and hostname. 140 120 First computer-to-computer# of hosts 100 chat program at UCLA. 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  7. 7. Internet Hosts 200 1973 Ethernet was invented by 180 Bob Metcalfes (Harvard PhD 160 Thesis) 140 120# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  8. 8. Internet Hosts 200 1974 TCP (Transmission Control 180 Protocol) was invented by 160 Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn. 140 120# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  9. 9. Internet Hosts 200 1975 First mailing list was created 180 by Steve Walker. 160 140 120# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  10. 10. Internet Hosts 200 1976 Queen Elizabeth II sent out 180 an email. 160 140 120# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  11. 11. # of hosts 100 120 140 160 180 200 20 40 60 80 0Dec-69Dec-70 1978Dec-71Dec-72Dec-73Dec-74 Internet Hosts TCP splited into TCP and IP.Dec-75Dec-76Dec-77Dec-78Dec-79
  12. 12. Internet Hosts 200 1979 3Com was co-founded by 180 Bob Metcalfe. 160 140 120# of hosts 100 80 60 40 20 0 Dec-70 Dec-72 Dec-74 Dec-79 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-76 Dec-77 Dec-78
  13. 13. Internet Hosts 180000 1981 160000 BITNET (Because It’s Time NETwork) was started. 140000 120000# of hosts 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  14. 14. Internet Hosts 180000 1982 160000 DoD used TCP/IP to inter- connect networks. Thus, the 140000 Internet!!! 120000# of hosts 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  15. 15. Internet Hosts 180000 1983 160000 NCP → TCP/IP. ARPANET was split into 140000 ARPANET and MILNET. 120000 BSD included TCP/IP.# of hosts 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  16. 16. Internet Hosts 180000 1984 160000 DNS (Domain Name System) was introduced. 140000 120000 > 1000 hosts.# of hosts 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  17. 17. Internet Hosts 180000 1986 160000 NSFNET was created, connecting 5 super- 140000 computers. 120000 IETF was formed.# of hosts 100000 NNTP was created. 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  18. 18. Internet Hosts 180000 1987 160000 > 10,000 hosts. 140000 120000# of hosts 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  19. 19. Internet Hosts 180000 1988 160000 First Internet Worm released by Morris. 140000 CERT (Computer 120000 Emergency Response Team)# of hosts 100000 was formed as a result. 80000 IRC was created. 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  20. 20. Internet Hosts 180000 1989 160000 > 100,000 hosts 140000 120000# of hosts 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 Dec-73 Dec-87 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85
  21. 21. Internet Hosts 25000000 1990 ARPANET ceased. 20000000 AOL, CompuServe provided dial-up service. 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  22. 22. Internet Hosts 25000000 1991 WWW was created by 20000000 Tim Berners-Lee from CERN. Linux was released by Linus 15000000# of hosts Torvalds. 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  23. 23. Internet Hosts 25000000 1992 > 1,000,000 hosts. 20000000 MBONE was created. 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  24. 24. Internet Hosts 25000000 1993 Network Solution, Inc was 20000000 chosen to provide domain name registration. www.whitehouse.gov online. 15000000# of hosts Mosaic was created. 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  25. 25. Internet Hosts 25000000 1994 NSFNET was transformed to 20000000 commercial network. Shopping mall. Can order pizza online. 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  26. 26. Internet Hosts 25000000 1995 NSFNET was reverted back 20000000 to research-only network. Realaudio started. 15000000 Netscape IPO.# of hosts Win95 released. Bob Metcalfe predicted the 10000000 Internet would collapse. 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  27. 27. Internet Hosts 25000000 1996 Browser war (Netscape vs. 20000000 IE) began. tv.com sold to CNET for $15,000. 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  28. 28. Internet Hosts 25000000 1997 www.whitehouse.com online. 20000000 business.com sold for $150,000 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  29. 29. Internet Hosts 25000000 1998 2M domain names 20000000 registered. Compaq bought altavista.com for $3.3M. 15000000# of hosts Google founded. Jon Postel (RFC-editor) died. 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  30. 30. Internet Hosts 25000000 1999 First online banking. 20000000 business.com sold for $7.5B Napster released. Al Gore invented the 15000000# of hosts Internet??? 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  31. 31. Internet Hosts 25000000 2000 Millennium bug. 20000000 Dotcom → dotgone. Clinton made first webcast. 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  32. 32. # of hosts 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 0Dec-69Dec-71Dec-73 2001Dec-75Dec-77Dec-79Dec-81 Wikipedia launched. Internet HostsDec-83Dec-85Dec-87Dec-89Dec-91Dec-93Dec-95
  33. 33. # of hosts 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 0Dec-69Dec-71Dec-73 2002Dec-75Dec-77Dec-79Dec-81 Myspace launched. Internet HostsDec-83Dec-85Dec-87Dec-89Dec-91Dec-93Dec-95
  34. 34. # of hosts 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 0Dec-69Dec-71Dec-73 2003Dec-75Dec-77Dec-79Dec-81 Facebook launched. Internet HostsDec-83Dec-85Dec-87Dec-89Dec-91Dec-93Dec-95
  35. 35. # of hosts 5000000 10000000 15000000 20000000 25000000 0Dec-69Dec-71Dec-73 2005Dec-75Dec-77Dec-79Dec-81 Internet HostsDec-83 Vint Cerf joined Google.Dec-85Dec-87Dec-89Dec-91Dec-93Dec-95
  36. 36. Internet Hosts 25000000 2006 > 439M hosts. 20000000 10 new computers joined the Internet every second. 15000000# of hosts 10000000 5000000 0 Dec-69 Dec-71 Dec-73 Dec-75 Dec-77 Dec-79 Dec-81 Dec-83 Dec-85 Dec-87 Dec-89 Dec-91 Dec-93 Dec-95
  37. 37. Internet Maphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Internet_map_1024.jpg
  38. 38. Reference The History of the Internet  http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/cerf.shtml  http://www.walthowe.com/navnet/history.html Timeline  http://www.zakon.org/robert/internet/timeline/  http://www.isoc.org/internet/history/2002_0918_Internet_Hi story_and_Growth.ppt Al Gore invented the Internet?  http://www.eecs.umich.edu/~fessler/misc/funny/gore,net.txt  http://sethf.com/gore/ Who is managing the Internet?  http://www.acm.org/ubiquity/views/v6i5_simoneli.html

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