Evidence-Based Policymaking Ron Haskins October 25, 2011
2 Three Approaches to Evidence-Based Policymaking• Evidence-based grant making: – Fund programs supported by rigorous evidence – Tiered: Scale-up, validation, development – Continuous evaluation• What Works Clearinghouses• Systematic Reviews of Agency Portfolios
3 Grant-Making: Obama Initiatives Name Status DescriptionInvesting in Grants Awarded Three tiers of grants – development, validation and scale-up – toInnovation fund a broad array of education interventionsHome Visiting Grants Awarded Tiered system of competitive and formula grants to statesTeen Pregnancy Grant Awarded Tiered system of competitive grants to public and private programPrevention operatorsSocial Grants Awarded Community-based programs on economic opportunity, healthyInnovation Fund futures, and youth developmentCommunity Grants Awarded Community college programs for dislocated workersCollegeChallenge FundWorkforce Currently Test and scale strategies to improve workforce skillsInnovation Fund Soliciting Grant Proposals; Awards Winter 2012
4 Role of Coalition in Supporting Obama Initiatives• Worked with Congressional and Executive Branch staff to: Identify programs supported by rigorous evidence Develop provisions to advance use of rigorous evidence• Conducted seminars for agency staff of evidence- based approaches/concepts• Created written materials on programs backed by rigorous evidence• Where does educating end and lobbying begin?
5 What is a Clearinghouse?• A trusted website with information about social programs supported by rigorous evidence• Examples: Reading, math, second-chance, teen pregnancy, parenting• Public access
6 Why Are Clearinghouses Important?• Provide information on programs that have been proven effective• Help policymakers, researchers, and practitioners sort through research on social intervention programs• Promote high standards for evidence
7 Example: Department of Education’s “What Works Clearinghouse”• Searchable and easily navigable database of education research• Reviews of education literature on math and science, dropout prevention, English language learners, other interventions• Programs that produce impacts on important education outcomes• Assists educators and policymakers aiming to fund evidence-based interventions• Open to public
8 Agency Portfolios• Requires a respected government budget agency with power to supervise administrative agencies• Budget agency devise systematic annual review process of agency programs• Clear goals, well-defined outcome measures, standards of evidence• Additional funds to agencies based on outcomes
9 Program Assessment Rating Tool (PART)• Purpose• Goals: Annual and long-term• Agency oversight and program improvement• Results
10 Uses of PART• Budget decisions• Program improvement• Agency accountability• Continual improvement• Inform public
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