Data networks and experimentation irc slides

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  • HASANGreen lines are the following connections between attendees at the LeWeb12 London conference formed in the three months after the conference. The light blue lines are the new following connections between attendees and speakers. The dark blue lines are the new following connections involving speakers.Within that three-month period, 1736 new following connections formed between attendees. After allowing for un-following activity, this represents a 24% increase in the number of connections between attendees. This compares with an 8% increase in the number of their following connections with non-attendees. Can we attribute all of this to the event? Unfortunately not! There is massive self-selection in event attendance – people go along tend to have common interests which means that they are more likely to form new connections with each other than with others. Running a controlled experiment where you randomly decide which events people can go to is not realistic! But we are exploring ways of using other data, including other properties of individuals’ Twitter networks, to control for their propensity to follow each other.
  • HASANAdditional connections are valuable insofar as they lead to information flows that would not otherwise flow so directly and greater awareness. But on their own the connections are weak. We also want to know if they trigger stronger connections; content analysis of the tweets may give proximate indications. The frequency with which words like ‘meeting’ and ‘email’ appear in this wordcloud trivially illustrates what I’m getting at, but what we’re looking at in much greater depth.
  • Data networks and experimentation irc slides

    1. 1. Data, networks and experimentation Hasan Bakhshi Nesta Policy & Research Unit IRC Annual Summit, 26th November, 2013 http://www.nesta.org.uk/
    2. 2. “Innovation policy would work better, we suggest, if modelled on experimental science and directed to the task of minimising the uncertainty that entrepreneurs face in the discovery of opportunities and constraints”
    3. 3. “…uncertainty is a defining feature of emergent areas subject to persistent structural change like the creative industries, and should be dealt with in a systematic way.”
    4. 4. Experimental programmes
    5. 5. Innovation policy as a process Test a hypothesis Discover what was unknown Test a further hypothesis
    6. 6. Data and evidence-based policy Data Programme Ex post Evaluation Ex ante evaluation Programme Data
    7. 7. CASE 1: CREATIVE CREDITS Innovation voucher SME Innovation project RCT Creative SMEs receiving Credit 78% more likely to undertake their project ✓ Strong evidence of S/T output ✓ additionality in terms of increased innovations after six months Source: Bakhshi et al (2011)
    8. 8. CASE 1: CREATIVE CREDITS Innovation voucher SME Innovation project RCT Creative But no significant output additionality after 12 months X X No significant network or behavioral additionality after 12 months Source: Bakhshi et al (2013)
    9. 9. Manchester SME needs at turn of 2010
    10. 10. CASE 2: DIGITAL R&D FOR THE ARTS Arts organisations Funding Technology companies DIGITAL R&D FUND Digital R&D Projects Academic researchers £7 million, 2012-15 50-60 R&D projects? Sector-wide learning
    11. 11. Top 10% of organisations by how important they judge digital technology to be to different activities
    12. 12. 1736 new Twitter following connections between attendees after LeWeb’12 London 24% ↑ in total number of following connections between attendees 8% ↑ in total number of following connections made by attendees with non-attendees
    13. 13. Undertaking text analysis of tweets between participants who connected at LeWeb'12 London
    14. 14. THANKS! Hasan.bakhshi@nesta.org.uk @hasanbakhshi

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