DRM may be developed as specific stand-alone projects or mainstreamed into development work.
Mainstreaming DRR in development work is necessary in order to consider and address risks emanating from natural and human-made hazards.
Currently there are many fundraising opportunities for climate change, though so far most of these funds are being delivered through government and little is being channelled through NGOs.
These funding opportunities can be used to raise funds to promote CCDRM and CCA.
Mainstreaming DRR in development work should be done by ensuring that risk assessment and risk management is addressed in:
Strategic frameworks and institutional structures
Country and sectoral strategies & policies
The design of individual projects
The steps for mainstreaming DRM institutionally are as follows:
Developing an enabling environment
Developing tools and methodologies
Training & technical support
Change in operational practice
Learning & experience sharing
Characteristics of Disaster Resilient Communities with Hyogo Framework of Action
The five priority areas for action of the Hyogo Framework are:
Governance: Ensure that DRR is a national and a local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation
Risk Assessment : Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning
Knowledge & Education: Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels
Risk Management : Reduce the underlying risk factors
Preparedness & Response : Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels
GAP ANALYSIS OF THE PREPAREDNESS OF CO OR PROGRAM UNITS TO MAINSTREAM DRM IN DEVELOPMENT AND DISASTERS Learning and measuring experiences Measuring progress Change of operational practice Training & technical support Development of tools Enabling environment Awareness Raising CDF Dev/Dis Children Dev/Dis Partners Dev/Dis PUs Dev/DIs Country Dev/Dis Steps for institutional mainstreaming of DRR
Mainstreaming DRR Workshop 1 Learning/ education Child Protection WASH Health Opportunities What the risks are during disasters What we currently do
What makes a community Resilient to Disasters and Climate Change? Workshop 2 Learning/ education Child Protection WASH Health Disaster preparedness and response Risk management and vulnerability reduction Knowledge and Education Risk assessment Governance
Workshop 3 Action Planning for Mainstreaming DRM Children’s Groups Community level PU CO Roles or Participation of Children Responsible Person Unit Time Frame Activities Objectives