2. introduction to disaster management & drr in nepal july 2k10

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  • 2. introduction to disaster management & drr in nepal july 2k10

    1. 1. Emergency & Disaster Risk Context in Nepal DRR and Preparedness
    2. 2. <ul><li>The Hazards, </li></ul><ul><li>Vulnerability and Risk Scenario of Nepal </li></ul>
    3. 3. lxdfnL d'n's g]kfn <ul><li>cGbfhL % s/f]8 jif{ cl3jf6 z'? </li></ul><ul><li>e&quot;;txx?sf] ult;Lntf </li></ul>50 million years ago Plate movement
    4. 4. Formation of Himalayas <ul><li>ef/lto Kn]6 / ltAatL Kn]6sf] ;+sif{0f </li></ul><ul><li>lxdfnsf] pTktL / g]kfnL e&quot;efu sf] ljsf; </li></ul>Indian plate collided with Tibetan plate Formation of Mt. Everest
    5. 5. g]kfnsf] ef}uf]nLs w/ftn Variation of altitude with respect to distance
    6. 6. g]kfnsf] hnfwf/ vf]nf gfnf ;+hfn
    7. 7. Debris flow 1993 e.g. Debris flow at Phedigaon, Palung
    8. 8. Koshi Flood 2008 <ul><li>80 % Flood Flow </li></ul><ul><li>20 % Flood Flow </li></ul>
    9. 9. g]kfnsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd Earthquake Risk in Nepal gSzf ;f}hGo M vfgL tyf e &quot;ue{ ljefu, n}grf}/, sf7df08f}+   ljutdf g]kfndf uPsf e&quot;sDkx?
    10. 10. e&quot;O{+rfnf] uO/xg] If]qx? The Seismic zone Zone 5
    11. 11. ljkbaf6 ePsf] Ifltsf] km}nfj6 Impact of Disaster in Nepal <ul><li>ljleGg lhNnfx?df d[To'sf] ;+Vof </li></ul>
    12. 12. Nepal… a theatre of disasters During 1983-2005 disasters have killed 21,680 people During 2001-2007 disasters have caused losses worth Rs. 9900 million 2008: Koshi and Mahakali killed over 50 people, displaced over 220,000 2,300 glacier lakes. At least 20 of them are in precarious condition 1993: 2000 landslides and floods took 1,500 lives, displaced 500,000+ people Climate Change: Nepal will be a critical casualty Earthquake: The entire country lies in fault zone. Sitting on a time bomb Nepal HDI: 144 Source: MoHA, ISDR, UNDP, NDP, ICIMOD
    13. 13. g]kfnsf] ljkb–hf]lvd cj:yf <ul><li>g]kfndf x/]s jif{ ljkbdf k/L Ps xhf/eGbf a9L dflg;sf] d[To' x'g] u/]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>1000 death every year </li></ul><ul><li>ljut #% jif{sf] tYofªscg';f/ ljkbsf 36gfaf6 jflif{s Ps nfv #% xhf/ dflg; k|efljt x'g] u/]sf 5g . </li></ul><ul><li>150,000 affected every year </li></ul><ul><li>k|fKt tYofªscg';f/ x/]s jif{ !^ xhf/ kl/jf/ ljkbsf sf/0f cfˆgf 3/jf; u'dfP/ lj:yflkt x'g] u/sf 5g . </li></ul><ul><li>16,000 family displaced every year </li></ul><ul><li>g]kfn ljZjsf 198 dn's dWo] e&quot;sDkLo hfl]vdsf] lx;fan] 11 cf }+}, kfgLhGo k|sf]k af6 x'g] Ifltsf lx;fan] 30 cf}+ / hnjfo&quot; kl/jt{g k|efjsf lx;fan] 6 :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 eg] ljsf;sf] ;'rsf+sdf clGtd 144 cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>ljkbsf sf/0f jflif{s cf};t 1 ca{ 20 s/f]8 80 nfv ?k}o+f a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt eO/x]sf] 5 . h; dWo] %# s/f]8 #% nfv a/fa/sf] cfly{s Iflt hn pTkGg k|sf]ksf sf/0fn] dfq x'g] u/]sf] 5 . Worth NRs. 1,208,000,000 loss every year </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>;g @))* df sf]zL If]q, dWoklZrd / ;'b&quot;/klZrd If]qdf uPsf] af9Laf6 dfq k|ToIf ?kdf @( ca{ !# s/f]8 / ck|ToIf ?kdf %^ ca{ ^) s/f]8 u/L s'n *& ca{ &# s/f]8 a/fa/sf] Iflt ePsf] cg'dfg ul/Psf] 5 . </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008 Koshi Kailali flood, NRs. 29,130,000,000 direct loss is estimated </li></ul><ul><li>@)^^ j}zfv b]lv efb| dlxgf ;Dddf dWoklZrd, ;'b&quot;'/klZrd nufot b]zsf ljleGg efudf km}lnPsf] emf8fkvfnf /f]un] dfxfdf/Lsf] ?k lnO{ @@ lhNnfsf #^% hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof] eg] ^@ xhf/ * ;o @) AolQm k|ToIf ?kdf k|efljt ePsf lyP . </li></ul><ul><li>In 2009 Western epidemics 62,000 families of 22 district affected where 365 people loss their life </li></ul>
    15. 15. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt b'3{6gf 97 112 3 - 5 lxpF klx/f] 90 217 33 - 1,012 h}ljs b'3{6gf 12 - - - - 8'+uf kN6fO 103 240 421 - 354 zLt nx/ 192 298 - - 1,453 v8]/L 152 - - - 1,512 e'O{+rfnf] 94 873 - - 4,539 dxfdf/L 2,791 15,730 - 4,582 460,902 ljikmf]6 40 32 - - 19 clgsfn 20 2 - - 83,902 cfunfuL 3,880 1,101 186 - 218,278 af9L 2,720 2,936 578 - 3,367,974 jg 89]nf] 98 24 403 - 10,178
    16. 16. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ ljkb tYof+s ;+Vof d[To' a]kQf 3fOt] k|efljt cl;gf 597 57 2 - 197,843 n' 31 25 - 210 261 klx/f] 2,184 3,987 517 - 479,972 8/ qf; Pj+ lg:;fl;P/ 2 85 - - - Kn]u 326 11 - - 50 k|b'if0f 12 - - - 1,000 clws jiff{ 187 82 3 - 62,431 lxpF cfFwL 174 69 828 - 7,600 cfFwL 109 50 2 - 1,817 x'/L atf; 292 140 - - 6,161 ejg–;+/rgf eTs]/ 324 340 7 - 1,508 r6of+u 764 768 1 - 5,809 cGo 97 77 11 - 11,982 hDdf 15,388 27,256 2,995 4,792 4,926,562
    17. 17. ljut #& jif{df ljleGg ljkbx?n] g]kfndf u/]sf] c;/ -;g !(&! b]lv @))& ;Dd_ >f]tM Pg;]6 cfly{s Iflt clxn]sf] efpdf -?k}+ofdf_ jif{ ejg Wj:t ejg Ifltu|:t ;8s v]ltof]Uo hdLg kz'k+IfL s&quot;n cfly{s Iflt !(&!–!(&% !,%$,&),(&,%)) #,$$,#$,#%) ^$,$%,))) !,$(,!@,)),@$,))) @,#@,%%,))) !,%!,)&,&#,*@,%$& !(&^–!(*) %,&%,^&,^$,%)) #*,#),^(,*%) &!,^$,!^,))) @,^@,)*,&),%!,))) &,^),@),))) @,&@,!*,$%,!),@%% !(*!–!(*% !,@*,!%,)%,%)) ^,$#,&*,^%) !),#@,&),*)) &!,#$,^(,@%,!)) %,(^,(%,))) &#,&(,)@,*),!($ !(*^–!(() ^,$),!&,&$,))) !,)&,&$,@$,()) $,!@,%),))) %!,%$,&@,^&,^)) #,&),(%,))) ^),*$,@(,)@,!!) !((!–!((% ^,!),@*,!%,))) &),%^,*&,))) *%,!$,$),))) !!,&$,(),&@,&*,$$) !$,$$,#),))) !!,*(,**,@(,&%,%(# !((^–@))) !),(%,!(,$(,))) $$,!@,$^,$)) *&,#&,))) %,!^,)$,!!,%!,@%) !^,$),!%,))) %,#),(#,&%,(&,$)% @))!–@))# @,&#,$!,^#,))) !#,^#,)$,%)) !,)$,@$,(*,@)) $,#%,(&,((,^),^!) !&,*#,#),))) $,$%,##,(#,(#,*@! hDdf #,$&,&^,)^,*%,))) @,*$,@(,)%,^%) @,&&,)),%&,))) @^,^!,)@,(^,%*,))) ^*,@*,$),))) @&,@$,)%,%),$!,(@%
    18. 18. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 ;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd dfgj d[To'sf] cj:yf </li></ul><ul><li>-s&quot;n @!,*@* d[To'_ </li></ul>
    19. 19. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>;g !()) b]lv @))* ;Dd ljleGg k|sf]kx?af6 k|efljt dfgj ;+Vof </li></ul><ul><li>-s&quot;n **,##,@^$ k|efljt_ </li></ul>
    20. 20. ljutdf ljleGg ljkbx?af6 ePsf] c;/ <ul><li>cfly{s Iflt !,#)#,)!#,))) xhf/ -8n/_ </li></ul>
    21. 21. ljsf; vr{, ufx:y{ pTkfbg / ljkb Ifltsf] t'ngf
    22. 22. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total Amount of Disaster Damage (1991-2000) in million US$ (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
    23. 23. t'ngfTds cj:yf Total number of people Killed in Asian and SAARC Countries by Disaster (1992-2001) Asian Countries Other than SAARC, 227,619; 49% India 16% SAARC Contries, 236,062; 51% Maldives 0% Nepal 1% Pakistan 2% Sri Lanka 0% Bangladesh 32% Bhutan 0% (Source: Global Disaster Report – UNDP, 2004)
    24. 24. sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo hf]lvd
    25. 25. <ul><li>c;/ kl/df0f </li></ul><ul><li>d[To' > $),))) </li></ul><ul><li>3fOt] > (%,))) </li></ul><ul><li>ejgsf] Iflt > ^) % </li></ul><ul><li>3/af/ laxLg > &)),))) </li></ul><ul><li>k'nsf] Iflt > %) % </li></ul><ul><li>af6f]sf] Iflt > !) % </li></ul><ul><li>vfg]kfgL kfOksf] Iflt > (% % </li></ul><ul><li>6]lnkmf]g nfOgsf] Iflt > ^) % </li></ul><ul><li>ljB't nfOgsf] Iflt > $) % </li></ul>sf7df08f}+ pkTosfsf] e&quot;sDkLo kl/b[Zo -gAa] ;fnsf] hqf] e&quot;sDk uPdf_

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