“ action taken to reduce the risk of disasters and the adverse impacts of natural hazards, through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causes of disasters, including through avoidance of hazards , reduced social and economic vulnerability to hazards, and improved preparedness for adverse events ”.
Disaster Risk Reduction
The concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through systematic efforts to analyze and manage the causal factors of disasters, including through reduced exposure to hazards, lessened vulnerability of people and property, wise management of land and the environment, and improved preparedness for adverse events.
The substantial reduction of disaster losses, in lives and the social, economic and environmental assets of communities and countries. “ disaster reduction” is sometimes used, the term “disaster risk reduction” provides a better recognition of the ongoing nature of disaster risks and the ongoing potential to reduce these risks
A collective term encompassing all aspects of Planning for and Responding to Disasters, including both – pre – and – post disaster activities.
It may refer to the management of both the risk and consequences of Disasters
A DISASTER is a serious disruption of the functioning of a society, causing wide spread human, Material or environmental loses which exceed the ability of affected society to cope using only its own resources.
An extraordinary situation where there are serious and immediate threats to human life as a result of DISASTER, imminent threat of DISASTER, cumulative process of neglect, civil conflict, environmental degradation and socioeconomic conditions.
An emergency can encompass a situation in which there is a clear and marked deterioration in the coping abilities of a group or community
VULNERABILITY is the extent to which a community, structure, service or geographical area is likely to be damaged or disturbed by the Impact of a particular Disaster Hazard, on account of their nature, construction and a proximity to Hazardous terrain or a Disaster prone area.
Positive attributes able to be identified that may contribute to an enhanced ability to prevent or mitigate the effects of a disaster or which may strengthen a communities ability to respond effectively to the HAZARDS.