Vulnerability framework for a socio-ecological system adapted fromTurner et al., 2003 in Sonwa et al 2012.
Outcome versus Context VulnerabilityO’Brien, K., Eriksen, S., Nygaard, L. P., & Schjolden, A. (2007). Why different interpretations ofvulnerability matter in climate change discourses. Climate Policy, 7(1), 73–88
Diagnostic tool for identifying interpretations ofvulnerabilityO’Brien, K., Eriksen, S., Nygaard, L. P., & Schjolden, A. (2007). Why different interpretations ofvulnerability matter in climate change discourses. Climate Policy, 7(1), 73–88
Protocol for a Rapid BaselineVulnerability AssessmentA vulnerability assessment (VA) provides a baseline ofexposure and resilience to stresses. For a social-ecologicalsystem, it provides a first inventory of questions such as:• Who, what, when (timing/seasonality), and where (at whatscale) are the exposure units?• What climate hazards and stresses are they exposed to?• How resilient are the exposure units to current stresses?• What has been the impact of historical episodes, such asdroughts and floods?• Are the exposure units and stresses changing? In whatways?• What indicators capture current and future vulnerability?
Rapid VA• What adaptive capacities do they have?• What are barriers to realizing thosecapacities?• How can barriers be overcome?• What opportunities exist to build capacity andability to utilize the capacity?
Determinants of Adaptive CapacityDeterminantHuman capital Knowledge, education levels, health, labor, risk perceptionsNatural capital Clean water, healthy forests, productive soilPhysical capital Infrastructure (buildings, pipelines, roads), energy supply and deliverySocial and political capital Strong social relationships, civil society, communicationFinancial capital Income and wealth distributions, economic inclusion, insurance, creditInstitutional capital Density of institutional relationships, mechanisms for deliberation andnegotiation, regional planning, flexible rules and regsInformation and technology Technology transfer and data exchange, early warning systemsSource: Adapted from Eakin and Lemos 2006, based on Smit and Pilosofova 2001and Yohe and Tol 2001
Some questions for us today and beyond…1. How do we effectively bridge intellectual researchframeworks and approaches?2. What should our regional research priorities be?3. What is our process as a regional network of practice?4. How do we effectively bridge research to managers andpractitioners?5. What are the goals, milestones, and measures for oursuccess?