2010 Conference - Reducing Gambling-related Harms Among College Students (Blanco)
Acknowledgments NIH grants DA019606, DA023200, MH082773 New York State Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS) American Foundation for Suicide Prevention New York State Psychiatric Institute
Diagnosis Prevalence (95% Prevalence (95% Adjusted OR CI) In College CI) Not in College (95% CI) (n=2188) (n=2904)Any 45.79 47.74 0.87 (0.75-1.00)psychiatric (42.99-48.61) (44.72-50.78)diagnosisAny alcohol 20.37 16.98 (15.21-18.91use disorder (18.14-22.79)Any drug use 5.08 (4.08-6.29) 6.85 (5.60-8.35)disorderNicotine 14.55 (12.96-16.31 20.66 0.60 (0.50-0.73)dependence (18.41-23.11)
Diagnosis Prevalence (95% Prevalence (95% Adjusted OR CI) In College CI) Not in (95% CI) (n=2188) College (n=2904)Any mood 10.62 11.86 0.81 (0.64-1.02)disorder (9.10-12.35) (10.31-13.60)Any anxiety 11.94 12.66disorder (10.28-13.82 (11.06-14.47)Any personality 17.68 21.55 0.82 (0.67-1.00)disorder (15.83-19.70) (19.41-23.85)Pathological 0.35 (0.14-0.88) 0.23 (0.10-0.55) 1.27 (0.40-3.99)gambling
Past-Year Mental Health Prevalence of Prevalence of Adjusted ORTreatment mental health mental health (95% CI) service use service use (95%CI) (95%CI) In College Not in CollegeFor any disorder 18.45 21.49 (15.49-21.83) (18.46-24.87)For mood disorder 34.11 34.80 (27.31-41.62) (28.71-41.43)For anxiety disorder 15.93 12.37 (11.48-21.68) (9.10-16.60)For alcohol or drug 5.36 (3.59-7.94) 9.82disorder (7.25-13.17)
Loss of social support was associated with increased risk for psychiatric disorders. This may be a target for interventions. Identification of mechanisms underlying on the protective effect of ethnic minority status may help to develop new strategies. Early treatment is crucial, as failure to seek early treatment often leads to a recurrent or chronic course.
Prevalence of PG over time has increased, although most accounted by adults. However, legal and social changes may have more effect on non-risk population than in at risk population: adolescents, college students, psychiatric patients and prisoners. Screening among college aged students are encouraged through in detection of early signs and risk factors. Adapted valid and reliable scales available (Fisher, 2000).