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2010 Conference - Reducing Gambling-related Harms Among College Students (Blanco)
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2010 Conference - Reducing Gambling-related Harms Among College Students (Blanco)

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  • 1. Acknowledgments  NIH grants DA019606, DA023200, MH082773  New York State Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse Services (OASAS)  American Foundation for Suicide Prevention  New York State Psychiatric Institute
  • 2. Diagnosis Prevalence (95% Prevalence (95% Adjusted OR CI) In College CI) Not in College (95% CI) (n=2188) (n=2904)Any 45.79 47.74 0.87 (0.75-1.00)psychiatric (42.99-48.61) (44.72-50.78)diagnosisAny alcohol 20.37 16.98 (15.21-18.91use disorder (18.14-22.79)Any drug use 5.08 (4.08-6.29) 6.85 (5.60-8.35)disorderNicotine 14.55 (12.96-16.31 20.66 0.60 (0.50-0.73)dependence (18.41-23.11)
  • 3. Diagnosis Prevalence (95% Prevalence (95% Adjusted OR CI) In College CI) Not in (95% CI) (n=2188) College (n=2904)Any mood 10.62 11.86 0.81 (0.64-1.02)disorder (9.10-12.35) (10.31-13.60)Any anxiety 11.94 12.66disorder (10.28-13.82 (11.06-14.47)Any personality 17.68 21.55 0.82 (0.67-1.00)disorder (15.83-19.70) (19.41-23.85)Pathological 0.35 (0.14-0.88) 0.23 (0.10-0.55) 1.27 (0.40-3.99)gambling
  • 4. Past-Year Mental Health Prevalence of Prevalence of Adjusted ORTreatment mental health mental health (95% CI) service use service use (95%CI) (95%CI) In College Not in CollegeFor any disorder 18.45 21.49 (15.49-21.83) (18.46-24.87)For mood disorder 34.11 34.80 (27.31-41.62) (28.71-41.43)For anxiety disorder 15.93 12.37 (11.48-21.68) (9.10-16.60)For alcohol or drug 5.36 (3.59-7.94) 9.82disorder (7.25-13.17)
  • 5.   Loss of social support was associated with increased risk for psychiatric disorders. This may be a target for interventions.  Identification of mechanisms underlying on the protective effect of ethnic minority status may help to develop new strategies.  Early treatment is crucial, as failure to seek early treatment often leads to a recurrent or chronic course.
  • 6.   Prevalence of PG over time has increased, although most accounted by adults. However, legal and social changes may have more effect on non-risk population than in at risk population: adolescents, college students, psychiatric patients and prisoners.  Screening among college aged students are encouraged through in detection of early signs and risk factors. Adapted valid and reliable scales available (Fisher, 2000).