Lunch Keynote: Mr. Richard Kidd


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NC Federal Environmental Symposium

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Lunch Keynote: Mr. Richard Kidd

  1. 1. Army Energy Program Mr. Richard KiddDeputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy and Sustainability Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 1
  2. 2. Army Energy in Perspective• The Army manages both Installation & Operational Energy requirements• The Army is largest facility energy consumer in the Federal Government – $1.3B (FY11)• The Army spent $3.7B on liquid fuel purchases in FY11, a more than $1B increase over FY10, in part due to an increase in the cost to deliver liquid fuel in Afghanistan Fort Carson Photovoltaic ArrayEXTERNAL VIEW: “Pay attention: When the U.S. Army desegregated, the country reallydesegregated; when the Army goes green, the country could really go green.” – ThomasFriedman, 2009WHITE HOUSE VIEW: “Now, there are costs associated with this transition. And there are some whobelieve that we can’t afford to pay those costs right now. I say we can’t afford not to change how weproduce and use energy – because in the long-term costs to our economy, our national security andour environment are far greater. “ – President Obama, June 2010“Operational Energy equates exactly to operational capability” - General John Allen, CommanderUnited States Forces – Afghanistan, December 2011“Improving our energy security directly translates to improving our national security.” - GeneralMartin Dempsey, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, October 2011 Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 2
  3. 3. Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy and SustainabilityEnergy and Sustainability Mission: Provide Strategic Leadership, Policy Guidance, Program Oversight and Outreach for Energy and Sustainability throughout the Army Enterprise to Enhance Current Installation and Operational Capabilities, Safeguard Resources and Preserve Future OptionsOffice Structure The Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy and Sustainability is broken down into four categories • Operational Energy • Installation Energy • Sustainability • Energy Initiatives Task Force Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 3
  4. 4. Army Power and Energy Framework Basing Soldier Vehicles Installation Contingency Tactical Non Tactical Net Zero Installations Tactical Fuels Manager Defense Contingency Basing Smart-Charging Micro Grids Smart & Green Energy Rucksack Enhanced Portable Power Vehicle-to-Grid (Fort Carson, CO) Mini Grid Power Plants Expeditionary Energy Alternative FuelsAdv. Mobile Medium Power Sources Soldier Power Manager Low Speed Electric Vehicles Insulated Tents/Spray Foam Nett Warrior Hybrid Electric Vehicles Renewable Energy Program Plan OSD Operational Energy Strategy Hybrid Truck Users Forum (TARDEC) ARNG Energy Lab (Schools) Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles LED & Electroluminescent Lighting Senior Energy & Sustainability Council Improved Turbine Engine Program Shower Water Reuse System Expeditionary Water Packaging Energy Initiatives Task Force Water From Air System System Integration Lab - Ft Devens Army Energy Security Initiatives Operational Energy Solar, Wind, Geothermal Power Net Zero Strategy Installation Energy Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy & Environment) 4
  5. 5. Army Energy Program● Change the Culture: Every Soldier a Power Manager– Senior Energy and Sustainability Council (SESC)/Senior Energy Executive (SEE)– Energy and Sustainability must be a consideration in all Army activities– System wide approach for designing base camps to capture efficiencies● Drive Efficiency Across the Enterprise– Leverage public private financing to accelerate efficiency projects– Implement technologies to significantly reduce energy footprint in the field and on installations● Build Resilience through Renewable/Alternative Energy– Diversify sources of energy to allow for continued operations during energy disruptions– Attract private investment to develop large scale renewable energy projects– Provide flexibility and resiliency by developing alternatives and adaptable capabilities● Science and Technology– Army’s future efforts depend on Science and Technology investments Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 5
  6. 6. Strategy into ActionStrategy/Concepts Tasks/Objectives Army Integration 13 Jan 09 Campaign Objective 2.0 21 Oct 11Operational Energy - Army Energy Provide Facilities, Programs Security Army Operational Initial Capabilities & Services to Support the Implementation Energy Document (ICD) Strategy (AESIS) Campaign Plan Army and Army Families CENTCOM Major Objective 2-8: TBP Operational Energy Institutionalize Documents Contingency Basing Army Power and Energy White Paper Campaign Objective 8.0 24 Sep 10 Contingency Basing Draft 14 Dec 11 Campaign Plan Improve Energy Security and Tactical Fuel and Energy Sustainability Implementation Major Objective 8-2: & Plan 1 Apr 10 Increase Operational Energy Effectiveness Draft v0.2, 30 Jul 11 OE Subtasks 1. Increase Operational Effect 2. Reduce 22 Feb 11 Leader Development Consumption 19 Aug 10 13 Oct 10 13 Oct 10 And Training 3. Increase Efficiency 19 Aug 10 Change Culture 4. Expand Alternatives DICR’s and Joint CB ICD 5. Assure Access Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 6
  7. 7. Facilities EnergyEnergy Reductions• Army Facilities Energy investments are producing results• Since FY03 the Army has reduced its energy consumption by 13.1% while total population on its installations has increased 20%High Performance Building Standards• Implemented the highest building standards in the Federal Government, ASHRAE 189.1• Building Energy Audits LEED Gold Brigade Combat TeamThird Party Financing headquarters, Fort Carson, CO• Army has most robust Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC) program in entire Federal government.• Expects to execute $800 million ESPC/UESCs in 2012 and 2013.Non-Tactical Vehicle Fleet• Actively managing fleet to Reduce size and improve efficiency• 8% reduction in fuel use in FY11Energy Initiatives Task Force and Net Zero Initiative• EITF – Renewable Energy Projects >10MW• Net Zero – Identified 17 pilot installations Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 7
  8. 8. Third Party FinancingEnergy Savings Performance Contracts (ESPC) and Utilities Energy Services Contracts (UESC)• Army has most robust ESPC program in entire Federal government and has reduced process time to 14 months.• The Army has secured more than $1.5B in ESPC and UESC investment = cost avoidance to the Army of $148 million and energy savings of 7.986 trillion British thermal units (Btu).• More ESPC’s were awarded in Q1 of FY12 ($93M) than in all of FY11 ($74M).• Expects to execute $800 million ESPC/UESCs in 2012 and 2013. Value of ESPCs and UESCs Awarded 450 400 350 Dollars in Millions 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 Projected FY13 Projected High Efficient Boilers Picatinny Arsenal, NJ Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 8
  9. 9. Non-Tactical VehiclesGoal to reduce fleet petroleum consumption Covered Petroleum Consumption 48Solution 46 • Reduce fleet size 44 • Right size vehicles MGGE 42 • Alternative fuel vehicles 40 38Results 36 • NTV petroleum usage decreased 8.2% in FY11 34 • Fleet size – ~77,600 (~82,800 vehicles in FY09) FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 Total Consumption FY09 FY10 Target FY11 • Planned reductions of 5,000 per year FY12-14 • Right sizing – New vehicles more efficient that those they replace • Alternative fuel vehicles – Increased 57% FY09- FY11 • Testing electric vehicle and vehicle to grid (V2G) technology (Fort Carson) Ft. Dix Soldiers and Civilians turn in a vehicle for a hybrid vehicle Electric truck participating in V2G test at Fort Carson Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 9
  10. 10. Net Zero Hierarchy  A Net Zero ENERGY Installation is an installation that produces as much energy on site as it uses, over the course of a year.  A Net Zero WATER Installation limits the consumption of freshwater resources and returns water back to the same watershed so not to deplete the groundwater and surface water resources of that region in quantity or quality.  A Net Zero WASTE Installation is an installation that reduces, reuses, and recovers waste streams, converting them to resource values with zero solid waste to landfill.  A Net ZERO INSTALLATION applies an integrated approach to management of energy, water, and waste to capture and commercialize the resource value and/or enhance the ecological productivity of land, water, and air. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 10
  11. 11. Energy Initiatives Task ForceThe EITF is producing a process for developing large-scale renewable energy projects that isclear, consistent and transparent. This process will be described in a Renewable EnergyProject Development Guide that will detail the five phases of project development. Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 11
  12. 12. Energy in the Operational Hierarchy1. Strategic: World Energy Choke Points  Petroleum resources increasingly concentrated outside US sphere of influence  Energy logistics limitations constrain National Defense options NDN 2. Operational:  70-80% of resupply volume is fuel and water, limits sustainment alternatives  Fully Burdened Cost of Fuel ranges from $3.95 to as high as $56/gal in Afghanistan. PAK GLOC 1 Casualty/ 46 Convoys3. Tactical: In OEF  Energy drives key operational capabilities such as maneuver, awareness, communication, etc.  One Soldier 72 hours: 7 types, 70 batteries, 16 lb  Dismounted platoon for 72 hours: >400 lbs of batteries Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 12 12
  13. 13. Operational Energy Basing Power• Tactical Fuels Manager Defense (TFMD): • Automated system tracks requirements, inventory, and consumption • Improves visibility and enhance accountability Enterprise • 36 fielded to USFOR-A; ~45% of all Army fuel in Afghanistan Visibility• Mini-Grids Deployed in USFOR-A: • 28 mini-grids replaced spot-generation. • Saves 50M gallons of fuel per year Save 50M* Gallons of Fuel• Advanced Medium-sized Mobile Power Sources per Year in OEF (AMMPS): • Lighter, more fuel efficient, next generation generators - replaces current Tactical Quiet Generators • Averages 21% less fuel than the current sets in the field • Accelerating fielding for deploying units 21% Fuel Savings Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 13
  14. 14. USFOR-A MinigridsSpot Generation on contingency basesresulting in wasted power generationand fuelSolution – Replace With Minigrids • Save Fuel • Less Maintenance • Less Outages • Off-the-shelf, readily available technologyResult • Saving 50 million gallons of fuel annually • Equivalent to Removing 20,000 HEMTT Loads or 55 Trucks per Day • Removed more than 1900 spot generators • Reduced maintenance costs • Short payback • Soldiers available to accomplish alternate missions Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 14
  15. 15. Energy to the EdgeVillage Stability Platform (VSP) Case • Rapid Equipping Force (REF) provided an assessment of a VSP in Afghanistan and implemented fixes based on that assessment • Austere environments that are difficult to resupply with Pre E2E Feb Post E2E April 12 12 high threat to ground resupply • Resupply largely from air drops Generators 5 (240kW) 3 (165 kW) • Identified possible efficiencies and technology Power Usage 121 kW 107 kWResults Fuel • Significant reduction in fuel usage (33% reduction) Consumption 360 gal/day 240 gal/day • Reduced resupply demand Fuel Savings 120 gal/day • Improved reliability of supply • Improved efficiency of generators CDS Reduction 16 CDS Bundles / month • Reduced O&M on wet stacked generators • Increased safety and reliability, due to electric system fixes Balanced Generators with loads. Two Hybrid Solutions to Increase operational Resupply via air drops generators taken offline reliability and reduce fuel consumption Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 15
  16. 16. Operational Energy Soldier Power• The1/82nd and 173rd ABCTs deploying with energy technologies to extend dismounted soldiers endurance and range • Equipped with a suite of advanced soldier power capabilities such as power management devices, fuel cells, and renewable energy alternatives that helped to reduce the volume and weight of their load. • This will build on the deployment of the Soldiers of the 1-16th Infantry Battalion. Rechargeable Vs Non-Rechargeable C-E Batteries Rechargeable Batteries $60 • One Soldier 72 hours: 7 types, 70 batteries, 16 lb C-E Battery Demands ($M) Non-rechargeable $50 Rechargeable • Dismounted platoon for 72 hours: >400 lbs of $40 batteries $30 • Army shifting from non-rechargeable to rechargeable $20 batteries $10 • FY 12 - Estimate 52% of spending for $0 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10 FY11 FY12 Communications-Electronics rechargeables (Est) compared to 26% in FY05 Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 16
  17. 17. 1-82nd and 173rd Airborne Combat Teams Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 17
  18. 18. 1-82nd and 173rd Airborne Combat Teams Modular Universal Battery Charger Soldier Power Managers Propane Fuel Cell Solar Stik Advanced Medium Mobile PowerRucksack Enhanced Portable 1kW JP-8 generator Sources (AMMPS) Power System (REPPS) Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 18
  19. 19. Operational Energy Vehicle PowerResearch and Development • TARDEC – DOE Partnership • Improved Turbine Engine Program • Greater on-board power for combat vehicles • Fuel Efficient Ground Vehicle Demonstrator • Ground Systems Power and Energy Laboratory (GSPEL), TARDEC Ground Systems Power and Energy • Opened on 11 April 2012 - eight state-of- Laboratory the-art laboratories: • Will develop and test advanced vehicle technologies to support Army ground system advancesTrack Requirements and Fuel Consumptionto Inform Decision Making • Tactical Fuels Manager Defense Advanced Vehicle Power Technology Alliance (AVPTA) with DoE Fuel Efficient Ground Vehicle Demonstrator (FED-A) Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 19
  20. 20. Science &Technology Investment StrategyEnergy and Power - Reduce Fossil Fuel and Battery Demand• Reduce platform energy consumption• More efficient power sources• Smart energy management• Proactive thermal management• Provide energy options (e.g., alternative fuels, solar)Logistics - Reduced Fully Burdened Cost of Logistics• Reduce fuel and water battlefield delivery• Develop efficient turbine, hybrid engines and propulsion systems• Comprehensive condition-based maintenance• Pursue lightweight materials technologies (e.g., composites, lightweight track)• Improve precision delivery of Soldiers/equipment (e.g., air drop)Collaborate With the Department of Energy on Research Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 20
  21. 21. Our Secret Weapon The world will not evolve past its current state of crisis by using the same thinking that created the situation. - ALBERT EINSTEIN Assistant Secretary of the Army (Installations, Energy, & Environment) 21
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