Claims and REAS Briefing

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Claims and REAS Briefing

  1. 1. Federal Contracting for Small Business Claims and REAs Presented by: David A. Rose Principal Attorney Rose Consulting Law Firm We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  2. 2. Requests for Equitable Adjustment • Delay caused by Government – Identify a delay cause – Prove the delay cause is an enumerated cause of delay – legal delay – Identify the work affected by the delay – Prove the delayed work was delayed by the delayed cause – Prove the delayed work was on the critical path – Prove the costs incurred We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  3. 3. Legal Cause of Delay • Ordering a suspension of Work under FAR 52.242-15. – Constructive suspension are covered at FAR 52.242-17, Government Delay of Work Clause. • Delays in Availability to the Site – Possible liability to Government • Interference with Contractor’s Work – Similar to Site Availability. e.g. where the Government was found at fault, when the contractor was delayed due to failure to issue a Notice to Proceed, which caused entry into rainy season. Contractor would otherwise have finished prior. • Government Delays of Approvals – must be given in a reasonable time • Delay in Inspection of Work • Delay in Issuance of Changes • Miscellaneous Acts – Pressure and threats to alter sequence of work We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  4. 4. Identify the Work Affected by the Delay • You must call out the work that was affected by the delay • This requires an analyses of the schedule • Make sure you connect the dots for them • This includes dates and times in the CPM schedule, etc. We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  5. 5. Prove Gov’t is Proximate Cause • In law this is said that the delay caused by the Government is the proximate cause of the delay to the work • You must show that “but for” the Government’s actions, the work would have proceeded as scheduled • It must be the direct cause of the delay to the work • The delay must not be reasonable under the circumstances – no intervening cause that required the delay (e.g. had to close down the runway to launch bombers) We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  6. 6. Critical Path Analyses • The delayed work must be on the Critical Path • This means that the work you are claiming an equitable adjustment for must be work that had to be performed sequentially and at the time of the delay you had to stop because there was no other work that could be performed until you did the claimed for work (e.g. you could not put on the roof until the roof trusses were in place) We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  7. 7. Damages • What costs may be recovered when we have proven the delay is compensable? – Delay and Impact costs are recoverable: • Delay costs are based on idle time caused by a delay (General Conditions) • Impact costs are those costs related to increased costs of performance due to the delay (Increased material costs, etc.) • You must calculate both We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  8. 8. Changed Site Conditions • You can also have REA issues under a Changed Site condition. – Proof in this case requires the Government knew of and did not disclose site conditions that were materially different than were known to it, which caused the contractor to incur additional costs We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  9. 9. Constructive Acceleration • Another common basis for a Claim or REA is when the Government either adds work, but does not add time to the schedule or weather or some other cause creates an excusable delay, but the Government uses threats or coercion to keep the contractor on schedule and this makes the contractor add resources or work overtime/weekends to complete. We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  10. 10. The Disputes Act • Once we exhaust our attempts to reach an amicable adjustment, we must decide if we wish to enter into a Dispute (file a claim) with the Government. This formal process is done under The Disputes Act (41 USC 601.). • The submission of a claim begins the disputes process. We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  11. 11. The Disputes Act • A claim must contain the following elements: – A written demand – Seeking as a matter of right – The payment of money in a sum certain • Although there is no specific content requirement, the Courts have held that the claim must be in sufficient detail to allow the CO to give meaningful, reasoned consideration to the claim. • Also, if over a certain statutory amount – you have to certify the claim. We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  12. 12. The Disputes Act • The CO has 30 days to respond • If the CO has not responded in 30 days you may contact the CO and request an answer, allow for more time in writing after discussing the delay, take it as a deemed denial and move on to the next step, or drop the case. • If you decide to move on to the next step you must decide the CO’s failure to answer is a deemed denial, constituting final Agency action and either file in the COFC or BCA. Hire a Lawyer! We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  13. 13. Mistake in Bid After Award - Bonus • Becoming an Issue • If it Occurs, there are 5 Elements that must be Present to Prevail • Standard of Proof is Clear and Convincing Evidence • It is not an REA Issue • It goes Straight to a Claim • This is very Serious • The reason is Integrity of the Bid System We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  14. 14. Mistake in Bid After Award - Bonus • Five Elements of a Mistake in Bid After Award Claim – A mistake in fact occurred prior to contract award – The mistake was clear-cut, clerical or mathematical, or a misreading of the specifications and not a judgmental error – Prior to the award the Government knew, or should have known, that a mistake had been made and therefore, should have requested a bid verification – The Government did not request bid verification or its request for bid verification was inadequate; and – Proof of the intended bid is established. 48 CFR §§ 14.407, 15.508, Information Int’l Assoc. v. United States, 74 Fed.Cl. 192, 197 (2006). We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law
  15. 15. Questions David A. Rose drose@roseconsultingllc.org Principal Attorney (678) 854-0222 Rose Consulting Law Firm http://www.roseconsultingllc.org We Build Our Relationships One Client at a TimeRose Consulting Law Firm - specializing in Government & Small Business Law

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