The Children's Convention


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Presentation given to UB, Faculty of Education on June 8th, 2011. Learn about the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the National Committee for Families and Children (NCFC) and the National Plan of Action (NPA). Connect to our website at

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The Children's Convention

  1. 1. It’s Only Right! The road to the Convention on the Rights of the Child
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Ratify/Ratification: ‘Ratification’ is an act by which a State signifies an agreement to be legally bound by the terms of a particular treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>Convention: A ‘convention’ is a formal agreement between States. The generic term ‘convention’ is thus synonymous with the generic term ‘treaty’. </li></ul><ul><li>Child : Generally defined as any human being under the age of 18 unless an earlier age of majority is recognized by a country's law (some extend to 25). </li></ul><ul><li>Sign/Signature: ‘Signature’ of a treaty is an act by which a State provides a preliminary endorsement of the instrument. Signing does not create a binding legal obligation but does demonstrate the State’s intent to examine the treaty domestically and consider ratifying it. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Human Rights <ul><li>Human Rights are a “foreign people thing” brought to Belize by People who want to westernize us. </li></ul><ul><li>Public services often seen as privileges and not rights </li></ul><ul><li>Useless! We have no rights in poor countries like Belize – government have the all the power. </li></ul><ul><li>Only when it is violated do we recognize the significance of Human Rights. </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration - Document stating agreed upon standards or principles, but which is not legally binding, contains no provisions for monitoring or enforcement </li></ul>
  4. 4. A History of Human Rights
  5. 5. But did you notice something?
  6. 6. The Children’s Convention
  7. 7. Convention on the Rights of the Child <ul><ul><li>The CRC contains 40 substantial articles that outline the inherent human rights of children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articles 41-54 speak to the Government’s responsibility as a signatory and implementer. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. What is in the CRC? <ul><li>3 Main Themes </li></ul><ul><li>1. Participation </li></ul><ul><li>2. Provision </li></ul><ul><li>3. Protection </li></ul>
  9. 9. Guiding Principles (1, 2, 3, 4, 12) <ul><li>The definition of a child </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum survival and development </li></ul><ul><li>Non-discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Best interest of the child </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul>
  10. 10. Child Endangerment
  11. 11. Right to Survival ( 6 , 18, 20, 21, 24 , 27) <ul><li>Right to life and maximum survival and development </li></ul><ul><li>  Proper Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>  Health and health services </li></ul><ul><li>  Adequate standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>  Live and interact with his/her biological family </li></ul><ul><li>  Alternative care </li></ul>
  12. 12. Primary School Examination
  13. 13. Right to Development (17, 28 , 29, 31, 39, 40) <ul><li>Access to appropriate information </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>The aims of Education </li></ul><ul><li>  Play and leisure </li></ul><ul><li>Administration of Juvenile Justice </li></ul>
  14. 14. Human Trafficking victim speaks out
  15. 15. Right to Protection (2, 19, 23, 32, 35 , 33-37) <ul><li>Non-discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>All forms of Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Rights of disabled children </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Child abduction, Sale and Trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Use and Abuse </li></ul><ul><li>  Sexual Exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>All other forms of exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Torture, degrading treatment and deprivation of liberty </li></ul>
  16. 16. Squatters Manhandled
  17. 17. Right to Participation (12, 13, 14, 15 , 17, 30) <ul><li>Respect for the views of the child </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of expression </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of thought, conscience and religion </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of association and peaceful assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Access to appropriate information </li></ul><ul><li>P articipation in family, cultural and social life(Children of minorities/indigenous people) </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>And just how does this matter to your daily lives? </li></ul>
  19. 19. National Child System <ul><li>Protection Sub-systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Mandatory Reporting <ul><li>The law says that anyone who suspects that a child has been abused has a moral duty to report the abuse. </li></ul><ul><li>However, there are some persons who also have a legal obligation to report suspected cases of child abuse and neglect. </li></ul><ul><li>They are called mandatory reporters . </li></ul><ul><li>Mandatory reporters include: </li></ul><ul><li>Any person in charge of a public or private hospital, doctors, nurses and all other medical personnel who attend to a child exhibiting signs of abuse; </li></ul><ul><li>Any family member, teacher, social worker, school counselor, employee of a certified children’s institution, school administrator or principal, deputy principal of any educational institution, probation officer, police officer or any other employee of the Government of Belize whose daily duties entail dealing regularly with children </li></ul>
  21. 21. Penalty for Not Reporting <ul><li>A fine not exceeding $1000. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Both the fine and imprisonment. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Remember it is our duty to report and NOT investigate </li></ul>
  22. 22. Good Faith Assumption <ul><li>It is assumed that persons will report in good faith. Every person who reports suspected child abuse in good faith shall not be liable to any civil or criminal proceeding arising from that report. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Best Interest of the Child <ul><li>Parental/Community Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>As future parents, educators, policy makers and rights advocates – it is necessary to have an appreciation for the rights of children. </li></ul><ul><li>Not just to know them but to understand how your every decision must be made with their best interest in mind. </li></ul><ul><li>State Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Social Investment in Children and Adolescent:- </li></ul><ul><li>Child-centered approach to development </li></ul><ul><li>Children /Adolescent/Young people as assets </li></ul><ul><li>Children/Adolescent/Young People safeguarded across the lifespan </li></ul>
  24. 24. Duty bearers Rights holders Accountability Participation Demand their rights Fulfil their obligations
  25. 25. Who safeguards the children’s agenda? <ul><li>Who ensures that Belize meets these obligations </li></ul><ul><li>It is clear there is a long way to go! </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Problem Tree
  27. 27. National Committee for Families and Children <ul><li>“ It goes without saying that direct services and interventions to people are essential. But direct services alone cannot achieve real progress for people” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CEO MOHDST </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. We are… <ul><li>NOT an implementing agency </li></ul><ul><li>Statutory Body (since 1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Set up to oversee Belize’s compliance with its international and national commitments to children </li></ul><ul><li>An advocacy, coordination, policy-advisory and M&E body. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Our Focus is… <ul><li>Vision </li></ul><ul><li>The National Committee for Families and Children, Belize’s lead agency for the promotion and protection of children and family rights contributes to and advocates for policy and legal reform that influences a child-centered approach to development which positively impacts the well-being of children and their families. </li></ul><ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>The National Committee for Families and Children is commissioned and committed to promote and protect the human rights of every child and family living in Belize primarily those rights enshrined in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. </li></ul>
  30. 31. Look Upstream!!! NCFC is one of those entities that work upstream <ul><li>Policy/ Legal Reform </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frameworks in place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information Education and Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public education and prevention work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monitoring & Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data available to support evidence-based planning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children & Adolescent Participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children/adolescent engaged in decisions-making process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Singing off the same hymn sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Mobilization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce repetition, maximize outputs, increase impact </li></ul></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>How does it all come together? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we take the CRC and make it a reality to children and families? </li></ul>
  32. 33. National Plan of Action <ul><li>A Localized response to the CRC </li></ul>
  33. 34. The NPA is… <ul><li>a consolidation of Belize’s international and regional commitments to children and adolescents. </li></ul><ul><li>dictated by national development priorities for children. </li></ul>
  34. 35. Common Strategies <ul><li>Development and implementation of effective national policies. </li></ul><ul><li>Research and data gathering to inform policy and programme development and implementation. </li></ul><ul><li>Training, education and capacity building to promote goals and targets. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordination and Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and Evaluation </li></ul>
  35. 36. Principles <ul><li>Protection and preservation of the family as a basic unit of society </li></ul><ul><li>Gender equality </li></ul><ul><li>Non-discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful children’s and adolescents’ participation </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-sectoral partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and conservation of the environment. </li></ul>
  36. 37. Main Attention Areas <ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child Protection </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HIV/AIDS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><li>What you should leave here with? </li></ul>
  38. 39. <ul><li>Know your human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Value your human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Be inspired to take action toward realizing human rights for yourself and others </li></ul>
  39. 40. Children have rights! <ul><li>Your every influence will mold them in either positive or negative ways! </li></ul><ul><li>They will eventually become leaders and what we have sown we will reap! </li></ul><ul><li>Be an advocate in your sphere of influence! </li></ul>
  40. 41. As future/present Educators… <ul><li>Produces changes in values and attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Produces changes in behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Produces empowerment for social justice </li></ul><ul><li>Develops attitudes of solidarity across issues and nations </li></ul><ul><li>Develops knowledge and analytical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Produces participatory education </li></ul>
  41. 42. Food for thought!
  42. 43. For More Information <ul><li>Office – 62 Cleghorn Street </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone – 223-0059/223-1180 </li></ul><ul><li>Website – </li></ul><ul><li>Email – [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>FB – </li></ul><ul><li>Youtube – </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter – </li></ul>