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National Plan of Action Belize, CRC, Rights, Respect, Responsibility, duty bearer, human rights, statutory body, advisory, policy, bi-partisan agreement, research, children, families, secretariat, ...

National Plan of Action Belize, CRC, Rights, Respect, Responsibility, duty bearer, human rights, statutory body, advisory, policy, bi-partisan agreement, research, children, families, secretariat, children's rights, Belize, NCFC



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    • THE NATIONAL PLAN OF ACTIONfor children and adolescents in Belize 2004-2015 Government of Belize with support from UNICEF
    • TA B L E OF CONTENTS 5 Introduction 6 Chapter 2 - The National Plan of Action Overall Goals Overall Principles Common Strategies 7 Six Main Areas of Attention 8 The Work Plan 8 Education 11 Healthcontents 15 Child Protection 19 HIV/AIDS 21 Family 22 Culture 25 Chapter 3 - Resource Mobilization Guidelines for Resource Mobilization 28 Chapter 4 - Monitoring and Evaluation 28 The Status of Data Collection and Information Systems in Belize 29 Commitment to Improved Information Systems 30 A Proposed Institutional Framework for Monitoring and Evaluating the NPA 31 The Structure of the NPA 32 Guidelines for Monitoring the NPA 33 Guidelines for Evaluating the NPA 34 Annex A - The Working Group 34 Annex B - The Technical Committees 35 Annex C - Technical and Administrative Support
    • FOREWORDIn November 2002, we committed ourselves to the establishment of a bipartisan WorkingGroup to actively engage in a process of achieving consensus on a National Plan of Actionfor Children and Adolescents. The objective was to develop a framework to further rational-ize the delivery of sustainable services to Belizean children and adolescents. On February 14,2003 we formalized our commitment to the process through the signing of a Memorandumof Understanding.We are pleased that the efforts of the bipartisan Working Group have culminated in a com-prehensive plan which prioritizes actions, on behalf of children, in the areas of education,health, child protection, HlV/AIDS, family and culture, over the next eleven years.For over two decades successive government administrations have worked towards ensuringthe wellbeing of children in Belize. Within the framework of our national development agen-da, the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Millennium Development Goals, weregard the adoption of this National Plan of Action for Children and Adolescents as the mostrecent indication of our commitment to build a better Belize for our children.We wish to express our gratitude to all those persons from the government and civil societysectors who contributed to the development of this Plan. Special thanks to the representa-tives from our respective political parties for their hard work and dedication, to the BelizeCouncil of Churches for facilitating the first part of the process, to the National Committeefor Families and Children for coordination and programmatic support and to UNICEF fortechnical and financial support to the process.While we recognize that the achievement of the objectives of this Plan is the primary respon-sibility of the Government of Belize, we strongly believe in the obligation of the wider societyand the international community to contribute to its successful implementation.We therefore urge all sectors of society to embrace the National Plan of Action for Childrenand Adolescents and work with us in partnership as we endeavour to safeguard the future.There is no other alternative but to invest in our children!Signed this 7th day of September, 2004. Hon. Said Musa Hon. Dean Barrow Prime Minister of Belize Leader of the Opposition
    • 1. INTRODUCTION introductionBelize has, since its independence in 1981,signed key international documents, such as theConvention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), theDakar Education for All Goals (EFA) 2000, theMillennium Development Goals (MGD) 2000, theOutcome Document of the UN GeneralAssembly Special Session on Children(UNGASS) 2002 as well as existing NationalPolicies for Social Development. This NationalPlan of Action for Children and Adolescents istherefore a document that spells out, as a part ofBelize’s international commitments, the nationaltargets and strategies/actions of the people andthe government of Belize in matters of childhoodand adolescent development.For many years now, a number of institutionsand organizations have been carrying out pro-grams and projects that target children and ado-lescents. There is, however, a need to strengthenthe coordination and thus increase the impactthat these programs have on the welfare of thetarget group. The National Plan of Action intendsto identify key programs and to subsequentlypromote their implementation through partner-ships with government and non-governmentsectors.To facilitate the systematic development andimplementation of these policies, programs, andprojects, this 12-year plan contains an orderedsequence of overall goals, crosscutting themes,crosscutting strategies, and six main areas ofattention, each with its own objectives, targets,and strategies specifically tailored to theBelizean situation. The National Plan also pro-poses a coordination, monitoring, and evaluationmechanism that will ensure its timely and suc-cessful implementation. Introduction 5
    • CHAPTER 2The National Plan of Action2.0 The National Plan of Action found to be living in poverty, opportunitiesThe National Plan of Action includes overall that optimize their development and guaran-goals, principles, common strategies, priority tee their rights.areas, objectives, targets and strategies, andactions as presented below. 2.2 Overall Principles The six principles outlined below are to2.1 Overall Goals guide the development and implementationThe main goals of the National Plan of of all the policies and programs which formAction are the following: a part of this plan.To ensure that all children and adolescents • Due care for, and attention to, the princi-residing in Belize, irrespective of their legal ples of gender equalitystatus, live in conditions necessary toachieve their maximum level of spiritual, • Protection and conservation of the environ-moral, intellectual, physical, and psychoso- mentcial development. • Meaningful and effective participation ofTo achieve the fulfilment and implementa- children and adolescents in all stages oftion of all the rights of children and adoles- the processes of policy developmentcents to a happy life, to be loved, and tohave opportunities for their comprehensive • Protection and preservation of the familydevelopment. as a basic unit of societyTo consolidate the themes of childhood and • Non-discrimination on the basis of sex,adolescence as commitments and national ethnicity, religious affiliation, or nationalpriorities, strengthening national systems of originprotection in order to offer to this part of thepopulation, and especially to those that are • Multi-sectoral partnerships6 The National Plan of Action
    • 2.3 Common Strategies • Health: To provide conditions that ensureThere are six common strategies to be the optimum health of children and adoles-employed throughout the implementation of cents.all policies, programs, and projects includedin the Plan: • Child Protection: To safeguard the rights of children and adolescents, especially those• Development and effective implementation at risk. of national policies and programs, both general and age specific • HIV/AIDS: To combat the spread of HIV/AIDS and minimize its effects on children• Research and data analysis to inform the and adolescents. development, revision, and implementa- tion of national policies and programs • Family: To promote the right of children and adolescents to grow up in a nurturing• Relevant education and training to pro- family environment. mote the goals and targets set in national policies and programs • Culture: To provide accessible and afford- able programs that enable children to• Coordination and networking between and develop a sense of self and a healthy among relevant organizations in the public, respect and appreciation for the diverse private, and civil society sectors culture in Belize.• Capacity building for implementing organ- izations in the public, private and civil society sectors• Resource mobilization for effective imple- mentation of national policies and pro- grams• Monitoring and evaluation of ongoing poli- cies and programs2.4 Six Main Areas of AttentionTo ensure that the overall goals are met, theNational Plan of Action singles out six mainareas under which specific objectives, tar-gets, and strategies are developed. The sixmain areas of attention and their specificobjectives are: Due care for,• Education: To provide accessible and and attention affordable quality education that equips students with the knowledge, skills, and to, the attitudes for moral, mental, and physical principles development and self-fulfilment so that they can become creative and productive of gender citizens. equality. Overall principles, NPA The National Plan of Action 7
    • The Work Plan: Education 2.5.1 Education Education is a basic human right. It is a key factor in reducing poverty and in promoting democracy, peace, tolerance, and development. We are committed to strengthening the educational system by offering a variety of options that meet the diverse needs of Belize. The educa- tion offered must be appropriate, relevant, stimulating; it must also provide a basis for the development of responsible and productive citizens. Objective To provide accessible and affordable quality education that equips students with the knowledge, skills, and attitudes for moral, mental and physical development and self-fulfilment so that they can become creative and productive citizens. Target 1 Accessibility and Affordability To increase the accessibility and affordability of pre-school, primary, and post-primary education in Belize. To increase to a minimum of 50 per cent the enrolment of children three to five years old in pre-school. To ensure a 100 per cent enrolment/attendance of primary school- aged children 5-12. To increase to 90 per cent the net enrolment rate in post-primary edu- cation, including vocational/technical education. To ensure that all children with disabilities have access to relevant education, with at least 60 per cent enrolment within the regular school system. Strategies and Action Promote the establishment of more pre-schools nationwide. Provide more primary school placements nationwide. Provide more post-primary school placements nationwide. Strengthen the capacity of the Special Education Unit to provide sup- port to schools nationwide in educating children with special needs. Develop and enforce a National Education Policy. Develop and implement programs that allow schools to be more affordable to students.8 The Work Plan: Education
    • Target 2Quality of EducationTo improve the academic performance of all students.To ensure the relevance and adequate use of the curriculum at all lev-els of the education system.To increase the percentage of trained teachers.To ensure a maximum of 15 to 1 student/teacher ratio at thepre-school level.To ensure a maximum of 30 to 1 student/teacher ratio at the primaryand secondary levels.Strategies and ActionReview and revise the primary and secondary education curriculumon a continuous basis to ensure that it is relevant and up-to-date.Re-orient the PSE to serve as a measurement of school performancein order to re-structure human and financial resource allocations toschools in an equitable manner.Implement a process to certify and monitor schools as “ChildFriendly” institutions.Strengthen the institutional capacity of the District Education Centresto carry out their technical assistance, coordination and monitoringfunctions.Develop programs to improve teacher performance.Implement the School Inspectorate System to monitor education at alllevels.Document and publicize best practices within the primary and sec-ondary education system to be adopted by other schools.Target 3Repetition and DropoutTo increase the primary and secondary school completion rate.To reduce to five per cent the repetition rate at the primary level.To reduce to five per cent the repetition rate at the secondary level.To reduce to five per cent the dropout rate at the secondary level.Strategies and ActionStrengthen the capacity of the School Community Liaison and SecurityProgram to operate in communities most in need of assistance. The Work Plan: Education 9
    • Provide services to children as part of an “at-risk” and abused chil- dren’s referral network. Develop programs that support and encourage children to stay in school. Increase the age for compulsory education to 16 years. Strengthen both government and non-government programs that pre- pare early school leavers at both the primary and secondary school levels to become re-integrated into the formal school system. Establish a standardized test to qualify early school leavers for a sec- ondary school equivalency certificate. Establish and operate technical and vocational/skills training pro- grams nationwide. Target 4 Literacy To achieve a 95 per cent functional literacy rate for 18 year olds. Strategies and Action Expand and strengthen the national literacy campaign. Target 5 Gender Equity and Equality To eliminate gender disparities and achieve gender equity at the pri- mary and secondary school levels. Strategies and Action Develop education strategies that respond to the gender-specific needs of both males and females. Develop a National Education Policy and amend the Education Act (1991) and the Education Rules (2000) to be consistent with gender equity at the primary and secondary school levels. Sensitize all teachers at the pre-school, primary, and secondary levels on gender issues and the effects on the socialization and develop- ment of children.10 The Work Plan: Education
    • The Work Plan: Health2.5.2 HealthWe are committed to further develop and maintain an affordable andaccessible system of comprehensive health care that addresses theneeds of children and adolescents. Special attention must be paid topromoting healthy lifestyles as well as providing adequate housingand a safe and healthy environment.ObjectiveTo provide conditions that ensure the optimum health of children andadolescents.Target 1Infant and Child Morbidity and MortalityTo increase the number of first prenatal care visits during the firsttrimester to 60 per cent.To increase the number of women who space their children by two ormore years by 15 per cent.To reduce the incidence of low birth weight (less than 2.5 kg.) to 3.7per cent of all births.To reduce the prenatal mortality rate by 20 per cent.To reduce the infant mortality rate to 14.3/1,000 live births.To reduce the less-than-five mortality rate to 18.3/1,000 live births.To reduce the under-five child mortality rate caused by AcuteRespiratory Infections (ARIs) by 15 per cent.To reduce the under-five child mortality and morbidity rate caused bydiarrhoea by 15 per cent.To increase the early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of congeni-tal conditions.To achieve and sustain a minimum of 95 per cent immunization ratefor each of the ten immune-preventable diseases in the under-fivepopulation.Strategies and ActionsMainstream ongoing public awareness activities focused on prenataland early childhood development issues.Provide health education and counselling to pregnant women andtheir partners through both the public and private health systems.Fully implement the Safe Motherhood Initiative in Belize. The Work Plan: Health 11
    • Strengthen the institutional capacity of the health system to allow public health nurses and rural health nurses to supervise and monitor the activities of traditional birth attendants. Provide comprehensive continuous training for Traditional Birth Attendants. Implement and monitor compliance with standards for registering hospitals and health centres as “Baby-Friendly” institutions. Establish mechanisms to improve the collection, compilation, and dis- semination of vital statistics. Provide 100 per cent of vaccines for the continued implementation of the child immunization program in all public hospitals, health centres, mobile health clinics, and private healthcare providers across the country. Target 2 Nutrition To reduce the incidence of severe to moderate malnutrition in chil- dren under one year by five per cent. To reduce the incidence of severe and moderate malnutrition in chil- dren one to four years by ten per cent. To eliminate congenital illnesses and defects caused by micro-nutrient deficiencies. Strategies and Action Update the national Breastfeeding Policy and amend the Labour Law to provide legal provisions for the public and private sectors to facili- tate working mothers to breastfeed their babies. Strengthen the capacity of the Nutrition Unit to be able to effectively carry out its research, public awareness, and monitoring functions. Develop a national information system on the nutritional status of children. Develop and implement regulations and protocol for the implementa- tion of the Food and Nutrition Security Policy (2001). Facilitate micro-nutrient supplementation. Provide iron and folic acid supplements to all pregnant women who attend the prenatal clinics and are in need of supplements. Continue to monitor the growth and development of all children. Provide appropriate interventions for addressing the nutritional needs of children through maternal and child health programs and other existing mechanisms.12 The Work Plan: Health
    • Educate primary and secondary school students on proper nutrition.Re-introduce and maintain a public awareness campaign on propernutrition.Target 3DisabilitiesTo reduce the incidence of disabilities in newborns caused by prenatalcomplications.To increase the detection, diagnosis, and treatment of children withdisabilities.Strategies and ActionDevelop and implement an effective surveillance system to detect andmonitor babies born with congenital disabilities and/or defects.Implement a prevention, early detection, and intervention disabilityprogram for children.Strengthen and expand existing services for children with disabilities(See Education and Child Protection)Target 4Public Health, Hygiene and Vector Transmitted DiseasesTo reduce the incidence of malaria to less than 10 per 1,000 childrenand adolescents.To reduce the incidence of classical dengue to less than 1 per 1,000children and adolescents.To reduce the incidence of dental cavities in children by 50 per cent.To reduce the incidence of head lice among children of primaryschool age by 50 per cent.To reduce the incidence of accidents involving children and adolescents.To increase the accessibility and affordability of a safe drinking watersource to all children and adolescents and their families.To increase the accessibility and affordability of hygienic sanitationfacilities to all homes.Strategies and ActionStrengthen and expand the public awareness component of thenational vector control program.Continue to implement appropriate interventions to manage thespread of vector-transmitted diseases.Provide training for health sector personnel in the detection andmanagement of vector-transmitted diseases, with a focus on malariaand dengue. The Work Plan: Health 13
    • Ensure that information on public health issues, hygiene, and vector- transmitted diseases is mainstreamed into the healthy lifestyles cur- riculum at the pre-school, primary, and secondary school levels. Develop and implement a public awareness campaign on issues relat- ed to child safety in the home, at school, and on the road. Maintain and expand community outreach programs aimed at improving public health, personal hygiene, and sanitation in homes. Develop and implement a network and referral system (with empha- sis on poor and indigent households) to enable access to resources for adequate housing development and/or maintenance. Strengthen Water Boards in rural communities to ensure that access to safe water is maintained and available to children and their families. Strengthen the Public Health Unit so that they can ensure the provi- sion of a safe source of water and sanitary facilities at all primary schools. Identify and apply appropriate technology, using best practices, to increase access to sanitation facilities for low-income households. Target 5 Adolescent Health To increase the vaccination coverage for rubella among adolescents to 80 per cent. To reduce the rate of teenage pregnancy to 15 per 1,000. To increase the accessibility and affordability of comprehensive healthcare services targeting adolescents. Strategies and Action Implement an immunization campaign aimed at vaccinating adoles- cents against rubella. Establish (teen) centres in each district and in strategic rural commu- nities for the delivery of comprehensive care and support services to adolescents, including teenaged parents. (See Education, HIV/AIDS, and Child Protection) Develop and implement protocol for the implementation of the Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy (2002) in all public and private hospi- tals, health centres, and mobile clinics across the country. Mainstream adolescent health care programs into primary health care programs at all public hospitals and health centres and through mobile clinics.14 The Work Plan: Health
    • Target 6Mental HealthTo increase the accessibility and affordability of mental health servic-es to all children and adolescents and their families.Strategies and ActionDevelop and implement comprehensive public awareness programson mental health issues affecting children and adolescents.Review and revise mental health policies and legislation to includeprovisions for children and adolescents.Provide training for professionals who are a part of the mental healthservice delivery and/or client referral system.Develop, implement, and enforce protocol for the clinical manage-ment of sexual violence, domestic violence, and child abuse cases.Include mental health services for children and adolescents in theNational Health Insurance package.The Work Plan: ChildProtection2.5.3 Child ProtectionChildren and adolescents have the right to be protected from allforms of abuse, neglect, unacceptable forms of child labour, sexualand commercial exploitation, trafficking, abduction, violence, andexposure to threatening situations. We are committed to establishing,strengthening, and expanding the institutional infrastructure thatensures these rights.ObjectiveTo safeguard the rights of children and adolescents, especially thosewho are at risk.Target 1Abandonment and AbuseTo reduce the incidence of family violence by 25 per cent.To reduce the incidence of child abuse in all its forms by 25 per cent.To ensure that a minimum of 90 per cent of children in governmentcustody receive care in a non-institutional setting.Strategies and ActionStrengthen preventive measures and actions at all levels of the edu-cational system to identify, at an early stage, situations that couldlead to abuse and exploitation. The Work Plan: Child Protection 15
    • Amend relevant legislation to make them more effective in address- ing family violence and child abuse issues. Develop and implement child protection protocol for all agencies involved in the care of children. Standardize and implement procedures for family courts countrywide. Conduct a comprehensive review of all legislation to standardize the age definition of a child and eliminate all gender disparities. Develop and implement a program aimed at tracking perpetrators of child abuse. Develop and implement public awareness and education programs on family violence and child abuse. Explore the possibility of establishing the office of Ombudsperson for children. Strengthen programs aimed at providing non-institutional care for children who are, or need to be, separated from their families. Target 2 Child and Adolescent Labour To prevent and eliminate the worst forms of child labour as defined by national and international legislation. Strategies and Action Amend the Labour Act to include provisions that address child labour issues. Develop and implement protocol and regulations for all social service agencies to deal with the withdrawal and rehabilitation of children and adolescents engaged in the worst forms of child labour. Strengthen the institutional capacity of the Labour Department and the other relevant social service providers to ensure enforcement of the Labour Act in relation to the provisions for child labour. Strengthen programs aimed at the prevention of child labour activities. Develop and implement public awareness programs addressing child labour issues. Target 3 Early Pregnancy and Adolescent Parenthood To reduce the rate of early pregnancy and adolescent parenthood to 15 per 1,000 births.16 The Work Plan: Child Protection
    • Strategies and ActionProvide health and life skills education to adolescents through bothformal and informal training programs. (See Education and Health)Provide equal access and support to adolescent mothers and fathersto continue and complete their education. (See Education)Target 4Disabled Children and AdolescentsTo promote access to, and opportunities for, education, health, eco-nomic, and social development services for children and adolescentswith disabilities and/or special needs.To provide access to rehabilitative services to a minimum of 60 percent of children and adolescents with disabilities.Strategies and ActionDevelop, and implement, policies and legislation for children with dis-abilities. (See Education and Health)Strengthen services for early screening, detection, treatment, andrehabilitation of children with disabilities in collaboration with thehealth and education systems.Strengthen education policies that will lead to the inclusion of chil-dren with disabilities into the education system.Establish codes to facilitate access for disabled children and adolescentsto 100 per cent of new and 25 per cent of existing public transportation,public buildings, educational institutions, and recreational facilities.Target 5Social InclusionTo promote equal access and opportunities for children and adoles-cents of disadvantaged and immigrant populations to the servicesand programs offered to the respective age groups.Strategies and ActionSensitize all service providers on the constitutional right of all per-sons to non-discrimination and respect, regardless of their beliefs,customs, language, and ethnicity.Target 6Youth Violence and Juvenile OffendersTo reduce the number of children committing offences by 50 per cent.To reduce the rate of recidivism among child and adolescent offend-ers by 80 per cent.Strategies and ActionStrengthen initiatives to coordinate, facilitate and mobilize resourcesfor the development and monitoring of policies and programs for theholistic development of adolescents. The Work Plan: Child Protection 17
    • Strengthen and expand programs that build the productive capacity of adolescents. Ensure legal provisions for the protection of the privacy of children and adolescents who come in conflict with the law. Develop mechanisms that ensure legal representation to all children and adolescents who come in conflict with the law. Train all magistrates in child development issues and in all relevant laws, policies, and programs related to children and adolescent offenders. Create, coordinate, and monitor care for children and adolescents who come in conflict with the law. Strengthen existing and establish new programs aimed at the re-inte- gration of adolescents into the community as productive and respon- sible citizens. Strengthen and expand rehabilitation programs for children serving terms of imprisonment. Continue to implement and monitor compliance with the Penal Reform (Alternative Sentences) Act. Strengthen the institutional capacity of the Community Rehabilitation Department, the Police Department, and the Judicial System to ade- quately respond to the prevention, intervention, and rehabilitation needs of juvenile offenders, in accordance with national laws and reg- ulations and international treaties and obligations. Meaningful and effective participation of children and adolescents in all stages of the processes of policy development. Overall principles, NPA18 The Work Plan: Child Protection
    • The Work Plan: HIV/AIDS2.5.4 HIV/AIDSThe HIV/AIDS pandemic is having a devastating effect on children, ado-lescents, and those who provide care for them. We are committed tourgent action to slow the rate of infection and provide the relevant sup-port and services to affected children, adolescents, and their families.ObjectiveTo combat the spread of HIV/AIDS and minimize the impact on chil-dren and adolescents.Target 1Prevention of Mother to Child TransmissionTo reduce the number of newborns born to HIV infected mothers.Strategies and ActionStrengthen and expand the Prevention of Mother-to-ChildTransmission of HIV/AIDS Program (PMTCT) to provide comprehen-sive services in all districts.Target 2Care and TreatmentTo increase the accessibility and affordability of care and treatment tochildren, adolescents, pregnant women and parents who are HIV pos-itive to 90 per cent.Strategies and ActionEstablish Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centres (VCT) to providecomprehensive services in each district and other strategic locations.Strengthen policies to reduce the cost of anti-retroviral and oppor-tunistic infection treatments available to people living with HIV/AIDS.Implement HIV/AIDS protocol developed for health care providers.Provide relevant and comprehensive training to build the implementa-tion capacity of health care providers, social workers, and counsellors.Target 3Prevention for Children and AdolescentsTo reduce the prevalence of HIV infections among children 0 to 12years by 80 per cent.To reduce the prevalence of HIV infections among adolescents 13 to17 years by 60 per cent.Strategies and ActionEnsure the strengthening of intervention programs aimed at childrenwho are vulnerable to contracting HIV/AIDS, especially targeting sur-vivors of child sexual abuse, children living in poverty, and childrenwith special needs. (See Child Protection) The Work Plan: HIV/AIDS 19
    • Develop and implement an appropriate gender-sensitive HIV/AIDS sensitization and information program targeting children and adoles- cents and those who provide services to them. Develop and implement standardized gender-sensitive peer education programs in school and non-school settings. Strengthen existing resource centres to provide information on HIV/AIDS, STIs, and life skills to both in and out-of-school adoles- cents. (See Education and Health) Develop and implement a media strategy utilizing creative art forms to promote the message of HIV/AIDS prevention targeted at children and adolescents, ensuring a focus on gender issues. Distribute free condoms at all STI clinics and VCT centres and through all Community Nurses Aids, mobile clinics, and other clinics and out- reach programs available to adolescents. Facilitate and encourage the development of community-based pro- grams to ensure adequate health care and nutrition and continued access to schooling for children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS. Target 4 Children Orphaned by HIV/AIDS To increase the availability of support services for children orphaned by HIV/AIDS. Strategies and Action Strengthen and expand care services for children and adolescents orphaned and/or made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS. Establish a referral network (with government and non-government bodies) for services provided to families and children living with and affected by HIV/AIDS. Establish mechanisms to ensure that proper case management for children who are infected with and/or affected by HIV/AIDS will include systems for responding to their multiple needs. Establish mechanisms to ensure proper case management for chil- dren who are infected with and/or affected by HIV/AIDS that will include systems for responding to their multiple needs Target 5 Stigma and Discrimination To reduce the stigma and discrimination against children living with HIV/AIDS. Strategies and Action Develop and enact policies and legislation to eliminate discrimination against families and children living with and affected by HIV/AIDS.20 The Work Plan: HIV/AIDS
    • Develop and implement public awareness programs aimed at reduc-ing discrimination against families and children living with and affect-ed by HIV/AIDS.The Work Plan: TheFamily2.5.5 The FamilyThe family in all its various forms is the basic unit of society andplays a vital role in all aspects of development of children and adoles-cents. We are committed to strengthen families through education,training and support services. This includes continuing the fightagainst poverty and facilitating the creation of more and betteremployment opportunities.ObjectiveTo promote the right of children and adolescents to grow up in a nur-turing family environment.Target 1The Family as a Basic Unit of SocietyTo increase the coverage of family support programs by 50 per cent.Strategies and ActionTo develop, implement, and monitor a Policy Framework that allows forthe strengthening and empowerment of the family as the fundamentalsocial unit for the holistic development of children and adolescents.Strengthen and expand the Community and Parent EmpowermentProgram and other relevant agencies to provide permanent and ongo-ing training in family and parenting issues.Implement public awareness programs aimed at creating awarenessof child and adolescent development issues.Develop mechanisms to provide quality counselling services nation-wide.Establish a Family Court in each district.Strengthen the institutional capacity of family courts to enforce thecollection and monitoring of maintenance payments both locally andfrom abroad.Promote the establishment of day-care services to support workingfamilies with children.Develop and implement guidelines to conduct family impact assess-ments as a component of developing national economic policies andprograms. The Work Plan: The Family 21
    • Develop a system to ensure that investment is made in social pro- grams aimed at the protection and development of families. Target 2 Poverty and Economic Survival To reduce the percentage of families who are living in poverty to be consistent with the Poverty Elimination Strategy and Action Plan. To increase economic opportunities to families with children and ado- lescents, especially targeting the most vulnerable families. Strategies and Action Develop and implement all programs included in the National Poverty Strategy and Action Plan that affect children and their families. Develop and implement a mechanism to ensure that the national min- imum wage and the national child and spouse maintenance rates reflect the cost of living. Encourage the development and implementation of employment poli- cies that are sensitive to the needs of working parents, with special attention given to single parents. Provide employment and income generating opportunities to parents through the provision of training and skill development programs and access to job placements and credit. The Work Plan: Culture 2.5.6 Culture Culture is an integral part of a nation’s identity and development. We are committed to enhancing opportunities for children and adoles- cents to gain an understanding, appreciation and acceptance of the diverse cultural heritage of Belize. We also encourage the active par- ticipation of children and adolescents in the cultural and artistic devel- opment of the nation. Objective To provide accessible and affordable programs that enable children to develop a sense of self and a healthy respect and appreciation for the diverse culture of Belize. Target 1 Creative Arts Education and Training Increase the accessibility and affordability of creative arts programs for children at the primary and secondary school levels and out-of- school adolescents. Strategies and Action Train teachers at all levels to stimulate and nurture children’s interest in the creative arts.22 The Work Plan: Culture
    • Provide itinerant teachers to promote and teach the creative arts inthe school system.Develop and implement structured creative arts education programsaimed at at-risk children.Create and implement structured creative arts programs aimed at par-ents as well as children and adolescents.Target 2Cultural Exposure/InformationIncrease the accessibility and affordability of opportunities for expo-sure to information on the diverse culture of Belize.Strategies and ActionPromote field visits by all primary and secondary schools to sites andexhibits of natural, cultural, and historical interest.Facilitate and promote family and child friendly travelling culturalshows and exhibits through the Houses of Culture and other facilitiesin each region.Train personnel to conduct guided tours of cultural shows andexhibits, for children and adolescents.Encourage the development of materials containing cultural informa-tion for all children and adolescents.Develop and make accessible an electronic database on past and con-temporary cultural information, resources, and research.Promote and conduct inter and intra-country cultural exchange pro-grams to expose children and their families to a wide range of cultur-al experiences and creative art forms.Promote private sector and local government involvement in culturalactivities aimed at families and children.Target 3Cultural ExpressionIncrease opportunities for cultural expression among children andadolescents.Strategies and ActionImprove the Festival of Arts Program for primary school students toraise the standard for participation and award selection.Expand the National Festival of Arts Program to include the participa-tion of all children and adolescents.Develop and implement Outstanding Artist’s award programs with ayoung artist component. The Work Plan: Culture 23
    • The success of the National Plan of Action for Children and Adolescents (NPA) for Belize will depend on the quality of the plan as well as the implementers’ capacity for resource mobilization. The mobilization of resources includes being able to effectively use all available resources to implement, monitor and evaluate a plan of action. In addition to having the financial capacity to engage in these multiple tasks, the implementers also need to mobilize human and material resources. Creating partnerships and ensuring effective coor- dination and monitoring are, therefore, key elements of the resource mobilization strategy. Protection and preser- vation of the family as a basic unit of society. Overall principles, NPA24 The Work Plan: Culture
    • CHAPTER 3Resource Mobilization2.0 Resource Mobilization Step 3: Know what specific things youBelow are some proposed steps to guide the want to domobilization of resources for the implemen- The third step is to know what specifictation, monitoring and evaluation of the NPA things you will do to effect the changes envi-to the year 2015. sioned. These specific things are the policies and programs which individuals or groups of3.1 Guidelines for Resource persons or organizations will implementMobilization over a period of time. These policies and programs are strategies that determine theStep 1: Define the problems or issues resource needs for addressThis is one of the most important steps in Step 4: Know who will do whatresource mobilization, as it enables the plan- The fourth step is to decide who or whichners and implementers of the NPA to begin group or organizations are best placed,to develop strategic solutions to these prob- given their human, financial, and materiallems or issues. The situational analysis of resources as well as their mandate andchildren and adolescents, which accompa- experience, to implement the policies andnies the NPA, is the document which has programs outlined in the plan of action. Thisperformed this function. process also includes an analysis of the lev- els of coordination and collaborationStep 2: Have a vision of the solution required for specific activities to remainOnce the problems or issues are defined, it linked to the larger goals, objectives, and tar-is necessary to have an idea of what solu- gets they are to achieve. In the context of thetions are possible. These ideas express the NPA, inter-agency and inter-sectoral coordi-expected change in the problems or issues nation and collaboration will be key toidentified in Step 1. The NPA process has ensuring that existing resources are maxi-articulated these ideas or solutions in its mized and that the work remains focused ongoals, objectives, and targets to be achieved the holistic development of children andwithin a specific time frame. adolescents. Resource Mobilization 25
    • Step 5: Analysis of potential partners Step 7: Access fundsand resources (government, non-gov- The seventh step is to access identifiedernment and external agencies) resources. This includes the ongoing access-The fifth step is to analyze which agency, ing of existing and potential resources. Inwhether local or external, has an interest in some cases this will require mobilizing com-the problems or issues which you have munity participation; in others, it will requiredefined as important. The programs includ- getting technical assistance or equipment,ed in the plan are then matched with poten- and yet in others, it will require accessingtial partners. Partners include persons, agen- funds. For the effective implementation ofcies, organizations and community groups the NPA, all the above strategies will need tothat can provide financial, human, or materi- be employed to access resources. Since eachal resources to achieve the vision or solution existing partner or potential partner mayto the problems and issues identified. An have his/her own process for deciding onongoing process for the implementers of the participation, the implementers of the NPANPA will be: will need to be flexible. For example, strate- gies to mobilize community participation will(a) analyzing current partnerships and the be very different from accessing funds fromresources they already provide and then the government or from external fundingidentifying gaps, and partners. To access funds from the govern- ment, implementers will need to budget for(b) identifying and matching gaps with new specific activities under their recurrent orpartners who can assist in advancing the Capital II budgets and lobby actively forgoals, objectives, and targets of the NPA. financing of those activities. The Ministry of Finance is prepared to assist in the justifica-A key activity at this level is to develop mini- tion and lobbying process. To access fundsplans. This includes prioritizing strategies from external agencies, the implementersand developing initial three-year plans with will need to develop concept papers andaccompanying provisional budgets for those project proposals (including budgets) foractivities that require financial input. submission to these partners. The Ministry of Economic Development has committedStep 6: Lobbying and nurturing poten- itself to providing assistance to social sectortial partners ministries in this regard.The sixth step is to lobby and nurture thepotential partners. This includes dialoguing Step 8: Implement plansand developing a relationship with them. The eighth step is to implement activities forThis nurturing and relationship building which resources have been mobilized. In theextends to ongoing partners as well. The context of the NPA, some activities can beNPA is expected to attract both local and implemented with little or no resources inexternal partners, none of whom are to be addition to what already exists. However, fortaken for granted. For example, government those activities that require additionalresources are not infinite: therefore, there is resources, implementation begins with thealways a constant need for information shar- access and distribution of resources. Theing, lobbying, and understanding between management of resources is also to be con-the finance and economic development min- sidered at this point.istries and the social sector ministries toenable the prioritization of resources for the Step 9: Monitor plansNPA. Similarly, there is a need to build rela- The ninth step is to monitor the specific pro-tionships with communities, beneficiaries, grams being implemented in the context ofnon-government organizations, and external whether or not they are meeting their tar-technical assistance or funding agencies to gets. For the implementers of the NPA, thiscreate “buy-in” and “ownership” of the pro- process will include the monitoring of indica-grams to be implemented. tors that measure change (either positively26 Resource Mobilization
    • or negatively) and conducting research to of plans of action. At times reporting to part-provide baseline data where none exists. ners depends on the partner’s funding cycle or the contracts made with individual part-Step 10: Evaluate plans by measuring ners. Reporting to a community will dependimpact on agreements made with that community. ItThe tenth step is to evaluate the impact that will be important for the implementers of thethe plans have had on making the changes NPA to honour reporting agreements andenvisioned as solutions to the problems or contracts to enable proper accountabilityissues identified in Step 1. The implementers throughout the process of implementation.of the NPA will need to conduct regular eval- This helps to maintain existing partnershipsuations through: as well as to build new partnerships, leading to program sustainability.(a) an analysis of the monitoring indicators(Step 9) and Step 12: Start all over again Resource mobilization is a continuous(b) social research (semi and end-of-term process. As an integral part of the planningevaluation reports), which will employ a vari- cycle, it must be flexible. The implementersety of research methods to gather data of of the NPA will need to ensure that theirimpact–surveys, interviews, focus groups, etc. resource mobilization strategies are consis- tent with the needs identified for theStep 11: Report to partners advancement of the overall plan.This step is completed on an ongoing basisand alongside the monitoring and evaluationRESOURCE MOBILIZATION FLOW CHART 2. Envision 3. Develop Solutions Plan 1. Define 4. Define Problems / Implementers Issues 10. Evaluate 5. Conduct Impact and 11. Report Resource Plans to Partners Needs Analysis 6. Lobby / 9. Monitor Nurture Existing Plans and Potential 8. Implement 7. Access Partners Plans Funds Resource Mobilization 27
    • CHAPTER 4Monitoring and Evaluation4.0 Monitoring and Evaluation 4.1 The Status of Data Collection andThe outcome document of the World Summit Information Systems in Belizefor Children clearly stated that for National Belize has signed and ratified numerousPlans of Action for Children to be monitored international conventions, treaties, and dec-and evaluated, each country should: larations that call for action to be taken to enhance human development in all spheres“establish appropriate mechanisms for the of life and throughout the lifespan. In manyregular and timely collection, analysis and instances, the Government of Belize, throughpublication of data required to monitor its national mechanisms, has adopted theserelevant indications… Statistics should be international commitments by developingdisaggregated by gender. It is particularly local policies and/or developing relevantimportant that mechanisms be established local legislation as required. The develop-to alert policy makers quickly to any adverse ment of the Families and Children’s Act, fortrends to enable timely corrective action… example, was prompted by the ChildIndicators of human development should be Protection components of the Convention onperiodically reviewed by national leaders the Rights of the Child (CRC). Similarly, theand decision makers, as is currently done development of the Sexual and Reproductivewith indicators of economic development.” Health Policy was prompted by international commitments to eliminate discriminationBelize has recognized that it must strength- against women as outlined in theen its data collection and information sys- Convention on the Elimination of all Formstems if it is to successfully monitor and of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW).evaluate its National Plan of Action for The NPA is also the localizing of Belize’sChildren and Adolescents. Below is a review international commitment as stated in theof the status of data collection and informa- outcome document of the United Nationstion systems in Belize, a commitment to General Assembly’s Special Session onimprove these systems, a proposed institu- Children.tional framework for monitoring and evalua-tion, and proposed guidelines for monitor- With the signing and ratification of theseing and evaluating the NPA. numerous international and national commit- ments, the Government of Belize must28 Monitoring and Evaluation
    • account, both nationally and internationally, The recommendations called for the SIC tofor progress made toward achieving the goalsand objectives of human development. A well- • Clearly define some social sector issuesestablished, well-coordinated and implement- requiring data collection and monitoringed data collection and information system is e.g. child abuse.key to measuring progress as defined by bothnational and international conventions, • Review and modify the data collectiontreaties, declarations, policies, and laws. instruments within specific sectors and sur- veillance units.As the demand for technical data and infor-mation becomes more critical in the human • Provide training that will enhance thedevelopment planning process, Belize is, as capacity of personnel to manage relevantare most countries in the Caribbean, strug- hardware and software.gling to improve its data collection and infor-mation systems. • Provide training in data analysis.One of the most important data collection • Develop a local area network system toand information systems in Belize is operat- facilitate data collection and disseminationed by the Central Statistical Office (CSO). across units, departments, and ministries.This Office co-chairs the Social IndicatorsCommittee (SIC). The CSO is responsible for 4.2 A Commitment to Improvedconducting the national census and country- Information Systemswide surveys such as the Household The National Plan of Action for Children andExpenditure Survey, the Population and Adolescents provides an opportunity for theHousing Census, the Family Health Survey, Social Indicators Committee (SIC) to providethe Labour Force Survey, and, just recently, valuable technical input into an inter andthe Child Activity Surveys and the Poverty intra-ministerial long-term social planningStudy, among others. initiative, not only for the NPA, but also for broader human development policies andIn addition, there are data collection and plans of action. In recognition of this grow-information systems localized in ministries ing demand for data to enable the monitor-such as the National Health Information and ing and evaluating of such initiatives, the SICSurveillance System in the Ministry of has made a renewed commitment to institu-Health and the Education Statistical Data tional strengthening and inter and intra min-System in the Ministry of Education. The isterial collaboration. The SIC, in partnershipMinistry of Human Development, the Vital with UNICEF, is therefore embarking on aStatistics Office, the Social Security Board, capacity-building project to:and other government and quasi-govern-ment bodies also have their own data and • Develop and implement an Integrated andinformation collection systems. It is because Comprehensive Data and Informationof the recognized need to coordinate and System which allows for the monitoring ofmonitor these information systems that social development indicators, includingmost of these bodies have organized them- data and information on children and theirselves to form the Social Indicators families.Committee, whose main task is to provideinformation for the monitoring of social • Strengthen the institutional capacity of thedevelopment goals and targets. Social Indicators Committee to manage and monitor social development indicators,To be able to effectively perform its monitor- including data and information on childrening duties, the SIC and its member agencies and their families.are implementing recommendations ema-nating from a recent institutional assessmentexercise. Monitoring and Evaluation 29
    • This project includes the provision of Advisory Committee (NHDAC). The NHDAC is chaired by the Ministry of Economic(a) hardware and software dedicated solely Development and includes representationfor data collection, analysis, and dissemina- from key social sector ministries, non-gov-tion and ernment organizations, community-based(b) relevant training in the use of the data col- organizations, and international develop-lection, analysis, and dissemination system. ment partners. Because the NCFC, which is a member of the NHDAC, legally serves as theThe implementation of this capacity-building coordinating and monitoring body for issuesproject remains key to the successful moni- related to families and children, it will betoring and evaluation of the NPA. directly responsible for the coordination, monitoring, and evaluation of the NPA.4.3 A Proposed Institutional Reports from the NCFC will be submitted toFramework for Monitoring and the NHDAC on a regular basis as input intoEvaluating the NPA the overall planning, monitoring, and evalua-The overall monitoring and evaluation of tion of human development policies andhuman development policies and plans of plans in Belize. It is proposed that the infor-action are the responsibility of a Cabinet mation flow between the NCFC and NHDACappointed National Human Development be conducted as presented below.Information Flow Chart National Human Dissemination to NHDAC Development relevant stakeholders Planning, Monitoring and the public and Reporting NCFC Membership Central Relevant NCFC M&E subcommittee Statistical NGOs / Office (SIC) Partners NCFC Secretariat Ministry of Ministry of Health the Attorney (SIC) Ministry of General Ministry of Human Education Development (SIC) (SIC)As shown in the information flow chart, an • Representatives from the two major politi-NCFC Monitoring and Information cal partiesSubcommittee will be formed. It is proposedthat this committee be comprised of: • Technical resource persons• Members of the NCFC • Children and adolescents30 Monitoring and Evaluation
    • It is proposed that the subcommittee be • The timing of birth intervalsresponsible for: • The mental health status of children and• Reviewing the proposed guidelines for adolescents monitoring and evaluation. • The incidence and prevalence of child• Agreeing on the monitoring indicators and abuse in all its forms baseline data. • The recidivism rates among adolescents• Agreeing on the flow of information from who come in conflict with the law the source of information gathering to the It is also recommended that a longitudinal NCFC Secretariat. This will include the study be conducted over the full period that development of a mechanism for input the plan will be implemented. This means from children. selecting a sample of children from birth and• Agreeing on the terms of reference for any following them through their lifespan to staff/consultant hired to compile and ana- assess the impact of policies and services on lyze the relevant data or conduct the trien- their lives. nial situational analysis and evaluation studies. It is proposed that the subcommittee meet, as necessary, to agree on the structure and• Reviewing periodic draft NPA monitoring process for carrying out their duties and reports and triennial situational analysis and then at least twice a year to review bi-annual evaluation reports submitted by the NCFC NPA monitoring reports. It is also proposed Secretariat or consultant (as necessary). that once every three years the subcommit- tee meet to discuss the findings of the situa-• Making policy recommendations to the tional analysis and evaluation reports. larger NCFC body based on the contents of the monitoring reports and the triennial sit- 4.4 The Structure of the NPA uational analysis and evaluation reports. The overall aim of the NPA is to improve the• Ensuring the timely compilation and offi- lives of children and adolescents in Belize. cial release of periodic monitoring reports The improvement envisioned is stated as and updates on the status of progress on goals and objectives in the NPA. The goals the NPA and ensuring the same for the sit- and objectives are broad qualitative state- uational analysis and evaluation reports. ments that present a vision of the state of Reports and updates are to be sent to the children and adolescents in the next 12 policy-makers, the NHDAC, the Central years. Statistical Office, international develop- To enable the effective monitoring of ment partners, key government ministries, progress toward meeting those goals and NGOs, communities, and the public. objectives, the NPA has outlined a set of tar-• Ensuring that the NCFC conducts annual gets that are to be achieved by 2015. The tar- retreats to discuss the findings of the peri- gets outlined in the NPA are child-centred, odic and triennial reports in order to make defining the outcome of what is to be adjustments (as necessary) to the NPA. achieved, if the strategies and actions are effectively employed. The strategies andThe Subcommittee should also be responsible actions therefore determine how the targetsfor ensuring that research activities are con- are to be achieved. To ensure that the NPA isducted in 2004 to enable the establishment of moving toward achieving its targets, a set ofbaseline data in areas in which this has been social indicators has been developed. Theseidentified as an urgent need. This includes social indicators indicate the status of chil-studies to determine baseline data on: dren and adolescents in relation to the tar- gets set in the NPA.• The incidence and patterns and trends in the manifestation of disabilities Monitoring and Evaluation 31
    • 4.5 Guidelines for Monitoring the NPA achieving the outcome desired. It is criticalThe monitoring of the NPA is therefore to note that there must be flexibility at thepremised on following progress through level of strategies and actions to ensure thatmatching the indicators with the targets to be the NPA becomes an effective working docu-achieved by 2015. This means that the focus ment which can respond to the recommen-of monitoring is not on whether or not the dations resulting from the monitoring andstrategies and actions were completed, but evaluation process.on whether those strategies and actions wereeffective in showing positive changes toward The following tables are presented as athe achievement of the targets of the NPA. guide to be used to monitor the NPA. The first table outlines the targets and indicatorsFor example, if the strategies and actions to for measuring progress as well as defines:reduce juvenile delinquency are not showing (a) the information system to be used to col-positive changes in the monitoring indica- lect the relevant data and information for thetors, and if it is clear that the target of reduc- purposes of monitoring and evaluation;ing recidivism by 80 per cent will not beachieved by 2015, then the monitoring (b) the period or frequency of data and infor-process needs to recommend that new mation collections e.g. monthly, quarterly,strategies and actions be developed rather annually, biennially, or every five years etc., andthan continuing to employ those that are notTable 1.1 Data Monitoring Systems and Agencies Targets Indicators Level of Information Frequency of Agency Dis-aggregtion System Data Responsible Collection(c) the agency responsible, e.g. department, (c) comments regarding progress or regressministry, organization, etc. in achieving the targets set for 2015. The comments here are intended to be brief.The second table is a Progress Monitoring Major comments are to be written in the nar-Chart which outlines the targets and indica- rative of the larger monitoring report.tors and then goes on to define:(a) the baseline data or starting point for These tables or charts are to be used in con-measuring progress e.g. IMR = 21.1 per junction with other sources of information1,000 live births in 2003; that provide a more qualitative means of monitoring progress. For example, an(b) the status of the indicator and the year of improved quality of education can only bethe data e.g. IMR = 17.1 per 1,000 live births measured if both quantitative and qualitativein 2007; and measures are taken to monitor progress.32 Monitoring and Evaluation
    • Table 1.2 Progress Monitoring Chart Targets Indicators (a) Baseline (b) Status-Yr. (c) Comments Data-Yr.4.6 Guidelines for Evaluating the NPA the evaluation process. Some key questionsIn addition to the ongoing monitoring of the to be answered in the evaluation process areNPA is the need to engage in periodic evalu-ations. The evaluations will be concerned • Are the NPA targets being met?mainly with the level of progress towardachieving the overall goals, objectives, and • Are the NPA objectives and goals beingtargets of the NPA. They will, therefore, be met? To what extent?concerned with measuring the impact of the • What are the best practices to be replicatedNPA over a specific period of time. A two- and why?pronged approach to evaluation is recom-mended–on the one hand, to carry out a situ- • What strategies need to be discontinuedational analysis which compiles and ana- and why?lyzes both quantitative and qualitative datato measure impact, and on the other hand, • What are the major challenges?to conduct an evaluation of the internal • What lessons can be learnt?processes and systems for implementing theNPA. It is recommended that a situational • What now needs to be completed withinanalysis and evaluation studies be complet- the next three-year period and where willed every three years. the resources come from?The Situational Analysis should examine the • Who are the major stakeholders for thecurrent status of children and adolescents next period and what are their interests?and record the major challenges and oppor- • What new benchmarks need to be set fortunities for addressing and meeting their monitoring and evaluation in the nextneeds, while abiding by both national and period?international commitments. While the monitoring of the NPA is theThe Evaluation Study should focus more on responsibility of a core group of persons andthe NPA and how that process has been able organizations (children and adolescentsto meet its own targets, objectives, and included), the evaluation process shouldgoals within a specified period of time. The involve all relevant stakeholders.Situational Analysis should greatly inform Monitoring and Evaluation 33
    • Annex A- The Working Group The National Plan of Action for Children and Adolescents was devel- oped, reviewed and approved by a bi-partisan Working Group com- prised of: Three representatives from the People’s United Party: Joan Musa Sandra Hall H.E. Dolores Balderamos Garcia with Melissa Balderamos-Mahler as an alternate Three representatives from the United Democratic Party Kathy Esquivel Diane Haylock Darrel Bradley with Honourable Patrick Faber as an alternate National Youth Council Rafael Castillo National Committee for Families and Children Judith Alpuche UNICEF Dr. Nadya Vasquez Roy Bowen Minelva Johnson – Consultant Joop Hendrikx - Consultant PAHO Sandra Jones ANNEX B - The Technical Committees The National Plan of Action for Children and Adolescents was developed with technical input from: Ministry of Education Ernest Raymond, Projects and Planning Yolanda Gongora, Director of School Services Dativa Martinez, Director of Education Support Services Sakina Mohammed; Coordinator, Communications Skills Program Eleanor Enriquez-Castillo, Coordinator, Special Education Unit Diane Hall; Coordinator, Community Liaison and Security Program Anthony Castillo, Coordinator, Employment Training and Education Services Arthur Shears, Consultant, National Apprenticeship Program Alana Gillett, Coordinator, Pre-school Unit Shirlene Tablada, Coordinator, School Health and Physical Education Program (SHAPES) Dr. Paul Jones, Consultant Ministry of Health Dr. Peter Allen, Director of Planning and Projects Dr. Natalia Largaespada Beer, Director of the Maternal and Child Program Nurse Malva Allen, Coordinator, Maternal and Child Health Program Nurse Dorla Mckenzie, Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Project34 Annex A - The Technical Committees
    • Dr. Paul Edwards, Director of the National AIDS Program and theNational Health SurveillanceErica Goldson-McGregor, Acting Director, HECOPABMinistry of Human Development, Labour and Local GovernmentAnita Zetina, Director of the Women’s DepartmentAva Pennill, Director of the Department of Human ServicesFermin Olivera, Director of the Community Rehabilitation DepartmentMaureen Williams, Inspector of Social Services Institutions, MHDKevin Cadle, Human Development Coordinator, Community RehabilitationDepartmentNational Committee for Families and ChildrenJudith Alpuche, Executive DirectorJohn Flowers, Program CoordinatorNational AIDS CommissionMartha Carrillo, Executive Director, National AIDS CommissionMinistry of Tourism and CultureYasser Musa, President of the National Institute for Culture and HistoryAndy Palacio, Director of the Institute of Creative ArtsLeroy Green, Institute of Creative ArtsWith AffiliatesDiane HaylockMichael CoyeAlthea SealyCivil Society OrganizationsLorna McDougal, National Organization for the Prevention of ChildAbuse and NeglectJewel Quallo, Belize Family Life AssociationJoan Burke, Belize Family Life AssociationSonia Lenares, Young Women’s Christian AssociationCarolyn Gentle-Gennitty, Young Men’s Christian AssociationMichael Cain, Alberto August, Herman Ramirez and Candelaria Young;Friends Boys SchoolRodel Beltran-Perrera, Alliance Against AIDSInternational Development OrganizationsSandra Jones, PAHORoy Bowen, UNICEFMinelva Johnson, UNICEFJoop Hendrikx, UNICEFANNEX C - Technical and Administrative SupportThe National Plan of Action for Children and Adolescents was developedwith Technical and Administrative support from:Belize Council of ChurchesRev. Canon Leroy FlowersDame Elaine Middleton – ConsultantNational Committee for Families and ChildrenAdele Catzim – ConsultantYuri Espiritu Annex B - The Working Group 35