North Carolina School Finance: State and County Funding - Rebecca Troutman
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North Carolina School Finance: State and County Funding - Rebecca Troutman

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NCACC Intergovernmental Relations Director Rebecca Troutman discusses the funding sources for public schools in North Carolina during a workshop held Aug. 23, 2013, at the NCACC's 106th Annual ...

NCACC Intergovernmental Relations Director Rebecca Troutman discusses the funding sources for public schools in North Carolina during a workshop held Aug. 23, 2013, at the NCACC's 106th Annual Conference.

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North Carolina School Finance: State and County Funding - Rebecca Troutman North Carolina School Finance: State and County Funding - Rebecca Troutman Presentation Transcript

  • 1 School Finance: State & County Funding Rebecca Troutman NCACC Intergovernmental Relations Director
  • 2 Statewide Averages of County Expenditures, $13 Billion 2011-12 Education 28% Debt Service 13% Human Services 19% General Govt 8% Public Safety 18% Other 14%
  • Who Provides Most $ to Schools? 3 Counties State Feds
  • 4 Public School Resources, $12.5 Billion 2011-12 State $7.6B 60%Federal $1.7B 14% County $3.2B 26% Current Expense & Capital
  • 5 Funding Sources for Public Schools, $12 Billion Current Expense State $7.6B 64% Federal $1.7B 14% County $2.7B 22%
  • County Funding Has Become Less Important? 6 False True
  • 7 Sources of Per Pupil Funding, CE (Excludes Nutrition) $0 $1,000 $2,000 $3,000 $4,000 $5,000 $6,000 $7,000 $8,000 $9,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 22% 22.2% State Federal County 65.3% 72.8%
  • Who Provides More Construction $ to Schools? 8 Counties State Feds
  • 9 Funding Sources for Public Schools, $616 Million Capital State $16.3M 3% Federal $56.1M 9% County $543.8M 88%
  • School Capital Funding Drops in Recession, Per Capita 10 $181 $187 $114 $85 $63 $262 $268 $268 $261 $286 $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1,000 $1,200 $1,400 $1,600 $1,800 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Other School Current School Capital Other Operating Capital Outlay Salaries & Wages School CurrentSchool Capital
  • STATE FUNDING OF PUBLIC EDUCATION – THE ALLOTMENT STORY DIRECT FUNDING TO LEAS & CHARTERS 11
  • State provides same $ to each school? 12 True False
  • State Budgeting thru Allotments  Allotments sent directly to LEA & charter – LEA allocates amongst schools – LEA may transfer amongst most allotments For 2014-15 biennium  No transfers to central office  Must abide any restrictions per fed law  No transfers from Excellent Public Schools – State funds revert at end of fiscal year 13
  • State Allotments  Allotments funding by Purpose: – Basic – directed at all students – Supplemental – targeted at specific student groups or LEA characteristics 14
  • Basic Allotments  Classroom teachers – Allocated per ADM class size; e.g. 1-3 = 1:18, 10:12 = 1:29  Teacher assistants – Dollar allotment of $939.79 per k-3 student— 2014, reduced $243 in 2014  Instructional support (counselors, social workers) – 1 per 218.55 ADM; increased in 2014 15
  • Basic Allotments  Instruction Supplies & Textbooks – Dollar allotment of $28.58 ADM instruct supplies – Dollar allotment of $14.26 ADM textbooks  Children with Disabilities – Dollar allotment of $3,671.75 per eligible student—2014, limited to 12.5% of ADM  Gifted & Talented Children – Dollar allotment of $1,237.29 per eligible student—2014, limited to 4% of ADM 16
  • Basic Allotments  School safety measures? – Part of at-risk allotment – Each LEA receives roughly $38,000 per high school to “purchase” school resource (LEO) or safety (security guard) officer = $22 million – LEAs not required to spend allotment on SRO  Only 26 of 115 do so – LEAs can use state, federal, or county funding – Add. funding in 2014 17
  • 18 State Avg. = $5361 Current Expense Only
  • Supplemental & Categorical State Allotments  Small schools – Allotted only to county LEAs < 3,239 ADM or < 4,080 ADM w/ property tax base < statewide avg. – Revised formula in 2015  Low wealth schools – Allotted only to LEAs with certain economic & property tax base characteristics – Issue with MOE 19
  • STATE ACTIONS IMPACTING PUBLIC EDUCATION 20
  • Excellent Public Schools Act  Teacher tenure – Replaces with 1-4 year contract, depending upon performance  Reading literacy concentration  No automatic promotion – Must read at grade level in 3td grade or retained  Transparency in schools – Must publish literacy success/failure & A-F grades – Must publish budget deviation  NC Teacher Corps – In lieu of Teaching Fellows – Recruit & place college grads & mid-career 21
  • County School Construction Funds  40% of net lottery proceeds – $192 m v. $100 m appropriated – Statutory language repealed in 2014 budget  Portion of corporate tax set aside – Redirected to school operations – County loss = $75 m/year – Statutory set aside repealed in 2014 tax simplification 22
  • COUNTY SCHOOL FUNDING 23
  • 24 County Primary Responsibilities Boards of County Commissioners:  Act as local taxing authority  Review entire school budget  Approve county appropriations for current expense and capital outlay  Approve 5-Year School Facilities Needs Survey  Approve purchase price of school building sites  Issue bonds & arrange other financing for school capital outlay purposes  Require merger of multiple units if desired
  • 25 Current Expense Only State Avg. = $1893
  • County funds are used to fund what school employees? 26 Teacher Asst. & Other Non-Certified Teachers Administrators Other Certified
  • 27 County Funding of School Personnel, 2011 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 100,000 Administrators Teachers Other Certified Assts & Other State Federal County Full-time only 1,606 of 6,785 4,153 of 93,964 2,858 of 14,227 17,769 of 60,654 24% 4% 20% 29%
  • 28 Considering State Salary Supplements  106 LEAs have teacher supplements – Low of $147 to high of $6,031 annually – State wtd avg = $3,478; county cost = $348 million  108 have principal supplements – Low of $175 to high of $28,673 annually – State wtd avg = $11,338; county cost = $27 million  Total county cost supplements = $430 million
  • City Schools Receive City Funding? 29 False True
  • Funding of “City” Schools  No role of cities in school funding – Always an exception: Thomasville approves supplemental tax  County appropriation to current expense apportioned to multiple LEAs based on ADM (G.S. 115C-430)  County appropriation to capital based on LEA need 30
  • Counties Fund Public Schools but not Charter Schools? 31 False True
  • Funding of Charter Schools  County current expense appropriation shared with charter school indirectly – LEA must transfer to charter per pupil current expense appropriation for students residing within jurisdiction (includes other local funds too)  County appropriation to capital not shared with charter 32
  • 33 Counties’ Use of Funding Formulas  Statewide Average Model – Formula that sets goals based on a statewide ADM expenditure or some percentile  Modified Statewide Average Model – Same calculation above, but excludes highest & lowest  Benchmarking Model – Similar counties selected on pop., tax base, adm, per capita income, sales tax revenues, & Medicaid – ADM expenditures of similar counties used to set funding goals in benchmarking county
  • 34 Counties’ Use of Funding Formulas  Inflation Model – ADM expenditure is adjusted by new student population & inflation factor –e.g. CPI  Snapshot Model – Boards take snapshot at specific time, usually revaluation, & determines portion of county’s overall revenue used for schools – Portion used in following years with school expenditures growing as overall revenue expands  Tax Base Growth Model – Percent of tax base appropriated to schools is calculated – Resulting percent applied to tax base growth in given year
  • 35 Budgeting Resources  DPI Statistical Profile—student population, teacher characteristics, and finances – http://www.ncpublicschools.org/fbs/resources/data/  DPI School Report Card—performance measurements by school – http://abcs.ncpublicschools.org/abcs/  DPI School Clearinghouse—access to lottery & ADM funds, school prototypes – http://www.schoolclearinghouse.org/
  • 36 Questions, Comments