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It is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar. This happens either because Pancreas does not produce enough insulin or because to the insulin produced cells do not respond.
Elevated levels of blood glucose (hyperglycemia) leads to spillage of glucose into the urine, hence the term sweet urine is also used.
Blood glucose levels are majorly controlled by insulin i.e. the hormone produced by pancreas. Insulin lowers the blood glucose levels. After any meal the pancreas releases the insulin to normalize the glucose level. Hence in diabetes the insufficient or non production of insulin causes hyperglycemia.
Diabetes is a co-morbid disease means that it can be controlled but it lasts a lifetime hence is a chronic medical condition.
Type 1- Insulin Dependent. In this the body fails to produce insulin and requires to inject insulin, it is also known as juvenile diabetes.
Type 2- Non Insulin Dependent. This is insulin resistant, here cells fails to use insulin properly or complete insulin deficiency also called “adult onset diabetes”.
Gestational Diabetes – Occurs in pregnant women without any previous diabetes diagnosis develops high blood glucose level. This may develop type 2 DM.
Other forms of diabetes-
Congenital diabetes develop due to genetic defects of insulin secretion.
Cystic fibrosis – related diabetes
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young( MODY)
Steroid Diabetes – induced by high doses of glucocorticoids.
Several forms of monogenic diabetes
Signs and symptoms :-
CNS – Polydipsia – increased thirst
Polyphagia- increased hunger
Eyes – Blurred Vision
Systemic – Weight Loss
Breath – smell of acetone
Respiratory – Breathing ( hyperventilation)
Gastric – nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain
Urinary – Polyuria (Frequent Urination)
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT :-