Space Technology: From Concept to Flight Providing Infusion for NASA’s Future Missions Visions of the Future Idea Idea Is it Flight Ready? Does it WORK? Idea Infusion Idea Opportunities Idea Possible Solution for NASA Possible Possible Idea Idea Solution Solution Mission Idea Possible Directorates, Solution Idea Other Govt. Idea Agencies, and Idea Industry Idea Industry Academia Gov’t Mature crosscutting capabilities Creative ideas regarding Prove feasibility of novel, early- that advance multiple future space future NASA systems or stage ideas with potential to missions to flight readiness status solutions to national needs. revolutionize a future NASA mission and/or fulfill national need.OFFICE OF THE CHIEF TECHNOLOGIST www.nasa.gov/oct 5
Space Technology: Investments in Our Future• Enabling Our Future in Space: By investing in high payoff, disruptive technology that industry cannot tackle today, Space Technology matures the technology required for NASA’s future missions in science and exploration while proving the capabilities and lowering the cost of other government agencies and commercial space activities.• Building U.S. Economic Competitiveness: With a portfolio of innovative, high-risk, high-return research, NASA will stimulate the economy and build our Nation’s global economic competitiveness through the creation of new products and services, new business and industries, and high-quality, sustainable jobs. For every $1M invested in Space Technology, NASA expects as many as 20 high tech jobs in the U.S.• Technological Leadership is Key to Winning the Future: Space Technology is the central NASA contribution to a revitalized set of federal investments in research, technology and innovation across the Nation. Through investments in Space Technology, NASA can be a significant part of the solution to our nations economic, national security and geopolitical challenges.• Making a Difference in Our Lives Everyday: Knowledge provided by weather and navigational spacecraft, efficiency improvements in both ground and air transportation, biomedical applications including blood-flow monitoring devices, pacemakers, and Lasik eye surgery, as well as the protective armor that keeps our military, firefighters and police safe all benefitted from our nation’s investments in aerospace technology. By investing in Space Technology, NASA will continue to make a difference in the world around us. 6
Example Space Technology Projects ISS MISSE-X Experiment (LaRC) ISS SPHERES Fluid-Slosh Experiment (KSC) Human-Robotic Systems (JSC) Autonomous Systems (ARC) Robotic Satellite Servicing (GSFC) Cryogenic Propellant Storage and Transfer (GRC)Low Density Supersonic Decelerators (JPL) Optical Communications (JPL/GSFC) Composite Cryotanks (MSFC) 7
Space Technology: Improving Our Lives Winglets Save Fuel Cost LED Light Therapy For Pain Management Clean Energy Advanced Diagnostic Groundwater RemediationUltrasound in Microgravity Infrared Thermometers Aerogel Insulation Eye Exams Lithium Batteries for CarsTornado damage Flooding at the Junctionnear Birmingham, of the Mississippi andAlabama (5/4/11) Ohio Rivers (5/3/11) Nutritional Supplements Sports and Recreation 8 Weather Forecasting
NASA and Maryland Aerospace Industry• Maryland is the home of NASA’s Goddard SpaceflightCenter and hosts 16 of America’s top 25 aerospace companies.• Maryland employs over 140,000 scientists, engineers andtechnicians in the Aerospace and Defense industries.• Goddard contributes $4B to local spending and output(Source: GSFC Economic Impact Report and FY 2009 NASA GSFC Budget) • In FY 2010, NASA spent over $1.5 billion in prime contracts and grants to Maryland businesses and academia. • $192 million of that was invested in educational institutions, including John Hopkins University and the University of Maryland. 9
NASA Spinoffs Become Maryland Businesses Martek Biosciences Corp. Vitabot Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) Columbia, Maryland Beltsville, Maryland Rockville, MD• Derived from food & oxygen • NASA’s Aeronautics Research • NASA studied how remote-experiments for future long-duration Mission Directorate has worked to controlled robots could assist humanhuman exploration missions, a address issues related to the operations in space (telerobotics).method for manufacturing an algae- overburdened National Airspace High-order programming algorithms.based food supplement that provides System (NAS)the nutrients previously only available • Adapted to nutirition, Vitabot’sin breast milk was developed • With SBIR support, IAI continued intelligent software allows users to set work on specialized software that health goals and then plan balanced• Now found in over 90% of infant now enables NASA’s Airspace meals using a food databaseformulas sold in the U.S., as well as Concept Evaluation Systemthose sold in over 65 other countries • The program helps users achieve • The agent-based infrastructure balanced nutrition and weight loss• Over 24 million babies worldwide allows researchers to model thehave consumed this nutritional NAS down to individual flights • Vitabot’s nearly 1,000 companyadditive, earning the company more clients include corporate wellnessthan $300 million in revenue • 120 Jobs created as a result of programs for HBO & Warner Brothers, NASA products with $25M in health clubs like Gold’s Gym, and the• Martek was recently acquired by revenue U.S. Air Force and has experiencedDSM for $1.1B 1500% growth since 2009 10
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