From Virtual Worlds… Charles P. White, JPL 1 NASA PM Challenge 2011 Long Beach, California 9 February 2011 to Real Facilities
2 Part 1: The technology Part 2: What we’ve done Part 3: Facility case study Copyright 2010 California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged.
The technology 3 Buzz words… Virtual Reality Augmented Reality Immersive Environments Mirror Worlds How does it all relate to facilities?
Virtual Reality… not so new for NASA 4 1985ish Photo: NASA http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:VPL_Eyephone_and_Dataglove.jpg
5 Virtual is 1. Near to 2. Close 3. Almost Virtual Reality = Almost Real Virtual reality a part of our core business Realism increases with higher fidelity However, VR systems are complicated and bulky Hard to “jump in” and use 8 April 1998 --- Astronaut Jerry L. Ross, assigned as a mission specialist for NASA's STS-88 mission, uses specialized gear to train for his duties aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour. This type virtual reality training allows each of the assigned space-walking astronauts--Ross and James H. Newman--to wear a helmet and special gloves to look at computer displays simulating actual movements around the various locations on the International Space Station (ISS) hardware with which they'll be working. Photo: NASA
NASA/NavyAstronaut Training 6 March 24, 2009 - Astronauts Tom Marshburn, left, and Dave Wolf train for a spacewalk Photo: U.S. Navy
Immersive Environments 7 Naval Air Station (NAS) Oceana, Va. (Dec. 2, 2002) -- Lt. Cmdr. Tom Robson is the Officer-in Charge of the Landing Signals Officer (LSO) school Photo: U.S. Navy
Role PlayingImmersive Environments 8 Photo: NASA NASA/Ames “Future Flight Center”
Mirror Worlds ç 9 NASA World Wind
Great for campus and facility use
Download from Internet
Free… yes, free
Mirror Worlds 10 NASA World Wind
Mirror Worlds ç 11 Mars Data: Mirror worlds convey data into a meaningful format for actual places
Augmented Reality 12 CC Photo by: Lenard Low http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Augmented_reality_-_heads_up_display_concept.jpg
Augmented Reality 13 Augmented Reality, again not new for us… Photo: U.S. Navy
ConsumerAugmented Reality 14 Public Domain http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Augmented_GeoTravel.jpg
JPL iPad/iPhoneAugmented Reality 15 Joe Estes, JPL developer of iPad Application December 2010
Simulated Environments 16 Allows us to see the unseen Photo: NASA
17 Part 1: The technology Part 2: What we’ve done Part 3: Facility case study
We noticed a trend… Chart by: Bruce Stearling Woodcock Used with permission MMOGCHART.COM
We jumped in… * Found an eager public * Explored collaboration * Experimented with live events * Open environment * We own the content we create
Explorer Island Our real estate office was wondering why I wanted an Island Actually… the island is one rack mounted computer in a data center. The “rent” is really just a software subscription fee.
Avatar 21 Charles White and his Avatar “Jet Burns”
Sanity check… We presented the concept to our co-workers… Tom Soderstrom & Jeanne Holm sponsored JPL open seminar “Exploring Possibilities of Virtual Worlds” Very interested Vote to continue research
First Event – Space Shuttle LaunchSTS-118 August 9, 2007 Commander Scott Kelly To Jet Burns (my Avatar) Grew into…
Multicast w/NASA TV
Post event analysis Findings… People enjoyed the event and some stated they felt like it was a “real event” Avatars posed with photograph of astronauts Person to person interaction was high Public wanted more!
Reality convergence Mixed real world/virtual world event The International Workshop on Managing Knowledge for Space Missions 100 real in person @ Caltech 40 avatars in Second Life 2 avatar presenters How about this for Green? Forty plane trips, rental cars, and hotels not utilized = project dollars saved and insignificant emissions!
Meetings in Virtual Worlds NASA multi-center meeting Multi-government agencies Mixed reality event Analysis: “One size does not fit all” Those that can do it, love it, but others can’t seem to grasp using an Avatar at all. NASA Ontology Speakers series
What didn’t work The Star Talkers Show Talk show with science guests Music guests Educational segment Lessons learned: Even though virtual it was still a big production to pull off
Unexpected finding As in real life... after hours social interaction Difference was: Texas, UK, Los Angeles, Canada
Data convergence Participatory exploration of Mars Victoria Crater History: First use of real science data to model real life location in Second Life. “Excuse me... I'm crying... This is wonderful!” -visiting avatar
Getting the word out Space Today Online Wired YouTube YouTube user created video
31 Part 1: The technology Part 2: What we’ve done Part 3: Facility case study
Explorer Island 32 Virtual Design Center
33 Customer Design
Start here known technology 34 Virtual World Goals:
Reduce inception time
Increase “ideation” output
Use existing blueprints
Build skeleton VW
Layout initial concept
Over the shoulder
Iterate in real time
Import Blueprint 35 Process:
Import blueprint as image
Scale blueprint to in-world dimensions
Second Life does not import models directly but soon
Room Layout Concept 36
First up…Earth Science Center 37
38 Earth Science Center First Iteration Features:
Monitors embedded in floor
Consumer flat screen monitors
39 What’s the avatar buy you? When using multiple Avatars in the room, the floor mounted monitors did not have the desired effect due to people looking through the legs of other people in front.
40 Earth Science Center Second Iteration Design changed for no raised floor, increased usable floor space. Less monitors on the wall to provide same effect.
41 Earth Science Center Venue Change As a result of our Avatar testing and visualization of the facility… a major venue change moved the entire facility to a new building, JPL 264.
42 Earth Science Center Third Iteration Same budget… larger space, 3d Projector, Science Globe, Science Collaboration Meeting Area, painted themed areas.
43 Real Time Design Avatar allowed us to see “sight lines” and change window positions.
Astrobiology Collaboration Center Design Review Multiple citizen volunteer Avatars from our CoLab effort tested the environment. Mark Adler reviews off-line screen captures of the Astrobiology Collaboration Center.
Final review(s)… New space required support from senior JPL management due to flight building. With an Avatar in-world allowed over the shoulder real time walk through of the facility. Charles Elachi and Dianne Evans approved the facility. “Build it”
Happiness is… Real results… and a good management walk through. FirouzNaderi, Tom Soderstrom and Jim Rinaldi walk through the nearly completed Mechanical Design Center.
Results of all parties collaborating
Realized trade space
Actionable pre-use case scenarios
Predicted sight lines
Astrobiology Collaboration Open for business My favorite quote… “It was very valuable for our sponsors to see what they were funding. It was nice to have something concrete rather than having a blueprint floor plan”, Mark Adler
48 Wrap up…
Visualizing spacein 2 dimensions Drafting is the only profession that historically can be documented… as the oldest profession. American Design Drafting Association 1880’s Woodcut of drafters 1904 Colorado College, Palmer Hall
Not much change in centuries… Apollo Blueprints 1960’s JPL Drafting Facility 1955 “When you are through changing, you are through.”~Bruce Barton
Evolution happens… Computer Aided Design CAD systems help us visualize 3D space on 2D screens and prints Drafters converted or retired 1990’s Early CAD workstation 1987 CAD-3D 2.0 on the Atari ST 2005 CAD software
52 What does the Avatar buy you? http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:3d-powerwall.jpg
“It’s not real!” Exactly. Real world view of JPL Mall We have gained real value Second Life view of JPL Mall
Three legs to real value Virtual World Foundation Immersive Visualization Communication Immersive * Communication * Visualization = Real Value
Other uses… Virtual Visits Virtual Training Virtual Meetings Virtual Programs Virtual Engineering Virtual Collaboration Virtual Mission Planning Virtual System Modeling Virtual Science Visualization “It takes courage to be an explorer” Charles Elachi Director, Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA, USA Vice president of the California Institute of Technology
In a mere 100 years… How could the Wright brothers have predicted the outcome in aviation? NASA 747 & Shuttle Wright Flyer Wilber & Orville Wright B2 & F22 How can we predict future Virtual Worlds?
One thing is true… we can’t un-invent this. Charles P. White@NASA.GOV
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration does not endorse or sponsor any commercial product, service, or activity. JPL’s and NASA’s offering of information about these items does not constitute endorsement by JPL or NASA. Copyright 2010 California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged. Unlimited Release CL#10-5330