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Olson iss overview 22 feb 12 v1-1
 

Olson iss overview 22 feb 12 v1-1

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  • The International Space Station is now fully assembled and serves as the cornerstone of NASA’s Human Space Flight Operations and serve as a national laboratory. A six-member crew will continue to live and work aboard the International Space Station 24/7 until at least 2020. Station will be the centerpiece of our human spaceflight activities for the coming years, and the research and technology breakthroughs aboard Station will facilitate our travel to destinations beyond low Earth orbit. 1,200 experiment supporting 1,600 scientists in 59 countiesECLSS (environmental control and life support systems) – Achieved 70-80% water and air recycling on ISS; on the way to reducing logistics to support humans in space by 85% Human Research – Advancing knowledge needed to send humans on exploration missions beyond Earth and improve human health on EarthMaterials Testbed– Better understanding of materials properties has shortened satellite component development time by as much as 50% and is important to future spacecraft designEarth Observations – Daily ISS passes over 95% of population centers documenting global change & geographic eventsReaching Students –30+ million students have participated in human space flight though communication downlinks and interactive experiments with the ISS astronauts ISS Research and Developmental Technologies: Closed-loop life support, Advanced monitoring & control, In-space assembly, Maintainability, supportability and logistics, Solar panels and batteries, EVA technologies, Automated systems, Exercise systems, Medical care, Food systems
  • ISS as a Research and Development PlatformToday, our team is busy doing research and development on capabilities that will aid us in the exploration of tomorrow.Possible Future Capability Demonstrations Habitation Life Support Robotics Environmental Monitoring Crew Health Communications
  • The International Space Station provides a unique habitat for humans to learn how to live and work in space. Fifteen nations worked together to build and maintain the station that orbits an average of 230 miles above the Earth at 17,500 miles per hour. The station is currently the only long-duration, zero-gravity space environment capable of safely hosting humans as they develop and demonstrate future exploration systems and operational capabilities. NASA uses the station to test technologies, conduct research and identify the risks and challenges to astronaut health and safety during spaceflight. These advancements in space improve daily life on Earth and help NASA prepare for long-duration missions beyond low Earth orbit.  Building the StationThe station is the largest human-made structure to be placed in orbit around the Earth. It was assembled in space like building blocks, demonstrating human capability to perform construction in space. It has taken over 40 missions and more than 140 spacewalks to assemble.The first module, Zarya, was launched on Nov. 20, 1998.The station is about 170 feet long and 360 feet wide. Its truss can be compared to the length of a football field from end zone to end zone, and the extended solar arrays span 1.5 times the width of a football field.The cupola is a dome-shaped extension with seven windows that offers views of the Earth, space and robotics operations on the station’s exterior. “Green” practices were used in the station’s design to maximize efficiency. Solar arrays capture and convert solar energy to provide power the station. Wastewater is recycled into drinking water and oxygen.  Living In SpaceThe first Expedition crew arrived on Nov. 2, 2000, and the station has been permanently inhabited since. The station orbits Earth 16 times per day; that means the astronauts see a sunrise and sunset every 90 minutes.The pressurized volume (the total internal volume) is comparable to a 3,620 square foot home with 8-foot-high ceilings. The station receives supplies from several vehicles, including Russia’s Progress, Europe’s Automated Transfer Vehicle, and Japan’s H-II Transfer Vehicle. In the future, it will also receive cargo from commercial sources. High-Flying Technological Research FacilityThe station includes three labs: Destiny (United States), Kibo (Japan) and Columbus (Europe). Astronauts conduct daily experiments in biology, human physiology, physical and materials science, Earth and space science, and technology for exploration beyond low-Earth orbit.More than 1200 experiments have been conducted in over 10 years of continuous research.Vaccine experiments onboard have identified the controlling gene in Salmonella and development of a vaccine is underway.Drug delivery microcapsules which were developed on the station and reproduced on Earth have been successful in delivering anticancer drugs to shrink tumors.Technology development experiments are underway to demonstrate robotic refueling techniques for satellites and humanlike robots that may eventually perform repetitive and mundane functions to free astronauts for other tasks. A series of interchangeable test beds on the outside of the station are being used to study the durability of materials in the harsh environment of space.

Olson iss overview 22 feb 12 v1-1 Olson iss overview 22 feb 12 v1-1 Presentation Transcript

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration ISS Overview 22 Feb 2012 International Space Station Panel PM Challenge – Orlando, Florida
  • The Story of Human Space Exploration (Animated) Learn how to live and Learn how to live Learn how to work in deep space build rockets and and work on other space ships planets Develop tools for long duration missions Learn how to live and Develop tools for work in microgravity. working on the bodies closest to Begin to develop commercial capability Earth 1957-1975 2017-2027 2035+ LEO, Moon L2, L1, LLO, HEO, GEO Mars Moons, Mars Surface LEO NEAs, Lunar surface 1973-2020 2025-2038 Routine Access to SLS/MPCV Long-life in-space propulsion Largest heavy lift Advanced in-space propulsion MARS EDL LEO, ISS Long-Duration Habitation Surface capabilities Mars Surface Tools Mastering human Mastering low Mastering cis-lunar Expanding human Mastering the spaceflight Earth Orbit space exploration beyond inner solar cis-lunar space; system beginning human exploration of close bodies
  • Capability Driven Human Space Exploration:ISS as the Foundation and Cornerstone 3
  • The International Space Station Scientific Laboratory • Technology Test Bed • Orbiting Outpost • Galactic Observatory New Approach: CASIS Sustain Human Health and Performance • Ensure Systems Readiness • Validate Operational Procedures 4
  • International Space StationResearch and Technology Demonstration Progress• 1,200 experiment supporting 1,600 scientists in 59 counties - ECLSS (environmental control and life support systems) – Achieved 70-80% water and air recycling on ISS; on the way to reducing logistics to support humans in space by 85% - Human Research – Advancing knowledge needed to send humans on exploration missions beyond Earth and improve human health on Earth - Materials Testbed – Better understanding of materials properties has shortened satellite component development time by as much as 50% and is important to future spacecraft design - Earth Observations – Daily ISS passes over 95% of population centers documenting global change & geographic events - Reaching Students –30+ million students have participated in human space flight though communication downlinks and interactive experiments with the ISS astronauts• ISS Research and Developmental Technologies: Closed-loop life support, Advanced monitoring & control, In-space assembly, Maintainability, supportability and logistics, Solar panels and batteries, EVA technologies, Automated systems, Exercise systems, Medical care, Food systems 5
  • ISS as a Research and Development PlatformHABITATION – LIFE SUPPORT – ROBOTICS – ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING – CREW HEALTH - COMMUNICATIONS 6
  • Examples of Exploration CapabilitiesThat Could Be Tested on ISS• Highly dexterous, semi-autonomous robotic systems (IVA/EVA)• Robotic Free Flyer Inspector• RCS Sled with robotic manipulators• Advanced Personal Mobility Systems• Advanced Exploration Class EVA Suits• Suit Ports• Exploration Atmosphere physiological effects• Environmental Control and Life Support Systems• Exploration Communications and Navigations• Radiation Mitigation Testing• Modular Power Systems (batteries, solar arrays, fuel cells, etc.)• Advanced Logistics and Waste Management• Advanced Medical Operations• Advanced Docking Systems• Cryogenic Propulsion Stage with Cyro Management and Transfer• Time Delayed / Autonomous Mission Operations 7
  • A History of Collaboration and CooperationA Stepping-Stone for Deep-Space Exploration
  • International Cooperation: Vital 9
  • Partnerships: International, Interagency,Industry, Academia• Definition: - A NASA partnership is an agreement between the agency and one or more entities that provides tangible benefit and shares cost, equity, and possibly risk between all parties.• Potential benefits to that improve sustainability for NASA and its partners - Provide economic incentive (expansion, prosperity, innovation) - Enhance architecture - Enhance existing capabilities - Enable new industries - Improve affordability - Accelerate schedule - Ensure space industrial base viability - Spread the cost base across multiple 10
  • NASA Exploration Plans: Tangible BenefitsWith over 1,750 recorded NASA spinoffs, NASA technologies influence our lives in a variety of ways—making us safer, healthier, and more efficient. Information Technology Transportation Consumer Goods Spinoffs have occurred in every Energy and Public Safety sector Environment Industrial Health and Medicine Productivity 11
  • Looking Toward the Future• ISS will be the centerpiece of human spaceflight activities until at least 2020• Research and technology breakthroughs aboard ISS will facilitate travel to destinations beyond low Earth orbit• Destinations for human exploration remain ambitious: the moon, asteroids and Mars• Continue to undertake world-class science missions to observe our planet, reach destinations throughout the solar system and peer even deeper into the universe• Advance aeronautics research to create a safer, more environmentally friendly and efficient air travel network for the Next Generation Air Transportation System• Continue to inspire the next generation of scientists, engineers and astronauts by focusing on STEM education initiatives 12