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Mulenburg jerry

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    Mulenburg jerry Mulenburg jerry Presentation Transcript

    • NASAProject Challenge Conference: Knowledge Sharing Dr. Jerry Mulenburg, PMP February 6-7 2007
    • PROJECT MANAGEMENT AT THE CROSSROADS Some Considerations for the Future The ra c tice ory P NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • NASA Project Cost OverrunsPercent Project Overrun Percent of Project Funds Spent on Planning NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • What is a Project?Webster : project; something that is contemplated, devised, or plannedPMI PMBOK - A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result.NASA 7120.5C - A specific investment identified in a Program Plan having defined goals, objectives, requirements, life-cycle cost, a beginning, and an end.PRINCE 2 - A project defines what we do, (whenever we want to do something, go somewhere, build something) NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • What is Project Management?Webster manage: to bring about, or succeed in accomplishing, sometimes despite difficulty or hardshipPMI PMBOK - The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements.NASA 7120.5C - Formulation, Approval, Implementation, EvaluationPRINCE 2 - Project management is working out the best way to do a project; a logical, organised way, following defined steps. NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • THE EVOLUTION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT ANCIENT TIMES – The birth of project management 7 Wonders of the World, Stone Henge, Great Wall of China, etc. HISTORIC TIMES Transcontinental Railroad, Suez Canal, Trans-Atlantic Cable, etc. MODERN TIMES Manhattan Project, Marshall Plan, Apollo, Space Lab, etc. CURRENT TIMES MIR, Shuttle, ISS, Mars Rovers, Hubble, Gravity Probe B, etc. FUTURE TIME Humans back to the Moon, on to Mars, non-Fossil Fuel Transportation, Space Elevators, etc. NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • THE PROGRESSION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT ANCIENT TIMES – Ad Hoc, professional, isolated HISTORIC TIMES – Early 1900s, practice development Taylor’s Scientific Management (one-best-way), Gilbreths, Gantt, Fayol,... MODERN TIMES – Mid 1900s, discipline development Cold War projects, PERT-Polaris, Hawthorne Experiments, NASA, Herzberg, Maslow, Drucker,... CURRENT TIMES – Late 1900’s, professional development Project Management Software, Project Management Institute, NASA, PRINCE 2, Agile, Extreme, SCRUM, etc. FUTURE TIME – 2000s to ...??????? Is Project Management, as we know it, obsolete? NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Project Management Profession? Discipline? Practice? Do we need to “reinvent” Project Management? NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • TRIPLE CONSTRAINT CO ST E M TI SCOPE QUALITY NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Impact of Project Type on Project Management (Aaron Shenhar, Stevens Institute of Technology)NCTP Model Increased Increased Formality System engineering. Complexity System integration Design and development. Later design freeze Novelty Less market data. Technology Later requirements freeze Increased Pace Autonomy Dr. Jerry Mulenburg NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007
    • The Project Framework: Distinguishing by Project Type (Aaron Shenhar, Stevens Institute of Technology) Complexity NCTP Model Array Example System ProjectNovelty Technology Assembly Breakthrough Platform Derivative Low- Medium- High- Super Regular Tech Tech Tech High- Tech Fast/Competitive Time-Critical Blitz Pace Dr. Jerry Mulenburg NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007
    • Denver Airport Complexity Array System Assembly Breakthrough Platform Derivative Technology Low Medium High Super- Novelty Tech High Tech Tech Regular Tech Fast/CompetitiveActual style Time-CriticalRequired style Pace NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • The NCTP Space Shuttle Analysis (Aaron Shenhar, Stevens Institute of Technology) Complexity Array System Platform Assembly Technology Breakthrough Derivative Low Tech High Super- Tech High Medium Tech Novelty Regular Tech Fast/Competitive Time-Critical Pace BlitzActual styleRequired style NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • AFT TransitionsForward Transitions Mid Transitions Manipulator Sensors (ISIS) Positioning Mechanism (MPM) Existing Arm Complexity Integrated Boom OBSS Technology Technology Novelty Optimal Style Observed Style Pace Obiter Boom Sensor System NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Limitations of Project Management TodayWhat should a theory of Project Management be based on? NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Some thoughts about aTheory of Project Management What is a theory? How do you develop a theory? How do you apply theory to Project Management? NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • CCan we Bridge the Theory Gap? NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • General System’s Theory (Ludwig von Bertalanffy) A Framework forProject Management NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Two key aspects of Project Management Projects are complex, and ever changing Humans are complex, and variableTwo key aspects of the Systems approachDescriptive:Focus is on an integrated approach to project definitionIntegration is achieved through defining a hierarchy of objectives of the parts, as they interface with one another, and their contributions to the objectives of the entire entityPrescriptive:Focus is on the design and definition of system objectives, mix of outputs, and the manner of processing including analysis, problem solving, and change that is corrective action oriented NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Applying Systems Theory to Project Management NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Systems Dynamics Project Management Rework Cycle Resources - Productivity - Quality Progress Work Work To be Really Done Done Discovered Known New Work Rework Work Needing To be Done / Redone K. Cooper Project Management Hnbk, 1998,
    • Continuing the QuestNASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg
    • Back to the Future NASA Project Challenge Conference - 2007 Dr. Jerry Mulenburg