GES A Historical PerspectiveFollowing release of the U.S. Vision for Space Exploration, Jan 2004,NASA began to engage nations on a bilateral and multilateral basis toexplain NASA plans for implementing the Vision and to discuss potentialpartnerships Discussions with ISS partners focused on returning Shuttle safely to flight and completing assembly of the ISS consistent with U.S. obligations Literally hundreds of meetings/discussions with current and potential partners to explain the Vision and assess interest Variety of Workshops and Conferences, both in the U.S. and around the world, allowed NASA to inform potential international partners and exchange ideas on future space exploration plans and opportunitiesIn April 2006, NASA initiated multilateral discussions aimed at developinga globally coordinated strategy for exploration the Global ExplorationStrategy based on identifying major themes and objectives Australia, Canada, China, the European Space Agency, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Italy, Japan, Russia, the Republic of Korea and UkraineIn May 2007, 14 space agencies released the results of 12 months of The Framework solar system destinations where humans may someday live and work 1
GES Key Lessons Learnedactors it takes work to build international awareness and understanding Workshops, conferences, regular teleconferences, and face-to-face meetings help answer questions and maintain momentum Active listening is critical; active flexibility is even more soWhen building awareness and understanding, expect the unexpected Listen to your partners who may not be at the same place No single stakeholder represents the variety of interests of the partners; an articulate and compelling case in writing can link common interestsCoordination mechanisms and initial architectures are key topics ofinterest But, sometimes, they need to take a second seat to creating a shared visionReleasing multilateral documentation focuses the authors and the Take baby steps but sustain forward momentum with regular releases of value added documentationTechnical and non-technical roles are critical success contributors Need both engineers and international relations experts to advance discussions 2
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