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Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
Inter pech bounds
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Inter pech bounds

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  • 1. International Forum Industry Perspectives on Commercial International Program/Project Collaboration Gene BoundsNASA PM Challenge Chairman, PMI Board of Directors10 Feb. 2010 Senior Vice President, Booz Allen Hamilton
  • 2. Space Industry ? Satellite Monetized Services $145 billion worldwide in 2008 14.2% annual growth 2003-2008 Ground Mostly communications Equipment Relatively mature (for current technology) Launch Services Satellite Mfg. 2
  • 3. Russian RD-180 Rocket Engine for Atlas V Launch Vehicle NASA 2010 Program Managers Challenge Galveston, TX “Industry Perspectives on CommercialInternational Program/Project Collaboration” Gregory J. Pech 10 Feb 2010 Director, Engines & Motors Product Delivery Team United Launch Alliance (ULA) Copyright © United Launch Alliance, LLC NASA.PMC.2010 1
  • 4. RD-180 Background• Russian Designed/Produced Engine – Liquid Oxygen-Kerosene Booster Engine – Derived from RD-170 ( Energya “Buran” Space Shuttle) – Fully Throttleable up to 860,000 Lbs of S.L. Thrust – Produced by NPO Energomash, Khimky Russia• First Stage Engine for Atlas III and Atlas V – Commercial and Government satellite launches – 100% Mission Success: 25 Flights to Date • 13 Commercial + 12 US Government • NASA Launches: AC-201/Eutelsat W4 – Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Aug 2005 May 24, 2000 1 st RD-180 Launch – Pluto New Horizons Jan 2006 – LRO/LCROSS Jun 2009 RD-180 is a Core Element of the Atlas V Launch Vehicle for the USG’s Assured Access to Space NASA.PMC.2010 2
  • 5. Contracting Relationships Customer• U.S. company est. 1997• Contracting for production, sale, shipment and support services for RD-180 and derivative engines. American/Russian Rocket Engine Joint Venture 50% Owner 50% Owner Pratt & Whitney NPO Rocketdyne Energomash •Premier U.S. liquid rocket engine developer/producer •Premier Russian liquid rocket engine developer/producer •Premier turbopump developer/producer for SSME •Developer/designer of RD-180 using RD-170 heritage •Funding source for RD-180 development •Produces RD-180 engines for Atlas launch vehicles •Provides RD-180 engine integration and launch •Provides engine integration and launch support services support services •Provides technology transfer for U.S. Co-production •Demonstrated U.S. Co-Production capability
  • 6. Motivation for Cooperation • Technologies and Performance Capabilities – Currently not available in U.S. • US/Russia cooperative relations • Dramatic capability improvements: Atlas IIAS Atlas V Reliability: 0.9876 0.9955 Payload: 8200 lb. 10900 lb. (GTO) Atlas IIAS Cost: 8 engines 2 engines Atlas V(US engines) (RD-180) NASA.PMC.2010 4
  • 7. Integration• Development (1996 - 1999) – Designed and developed by NPO Energomash under joint program with P&WR – System integration by Lockheed Martin – Tested in both U.S. and Russia• Operations (1998 - Present) – Manufacture & test by NPO Energomash in Khimky, Russia – Reviews by P&WR and Lockheed Martin in Khimky & Denver System testing at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center – Air shipment by RD AMROSS to Denver, CO – Integration into Atlas launch vehicle in Denver, CO – Air shipment of Atlas V to U.S. launch sites – Integration & Launch support from RD AMROSS using P&WR and NPO Energomash team in U.S. RD-180 Engine Successfully Integrated into ULA’s Atlas V Launch Vehicles and Fully OperationalNASA.PMC.2010 5
  • 8. Interdependencies Stakeholders Interests BALANCE BALANCE – Governments – Multinational Agreement • MTCR • DoS MOFA – Policy • DoD MOD • FSU Propulsion Systems • Nuclear Non-Proliferation • DoC MEDT • US Space Transportation • USAF, Navy FSA – Fair International Trade • NASA – Assured Access to Space – Mission Success • Technical Integration – Industry • Data Access • IV&V • United Launch Alliance – Export Control • RD AMROSS • ITAR • NPO Energomash – Intellectual Property • Protection / Patents • Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne – Profitability • SubcontractorsNASA.PMC.2010 6
  • 9. Government Involvement• Cooperation required by both Governments – Participation at high levels at program startup (1994-1995) – DoD FSU Policy extension granted in Oct 2002 by Under Secretary of Defense – Licensing granted by both governments to allow technical integration – Steady improvements in RD180 data access granted by GOR Export Control• Active USG “One Team” – Engine acceptance reviews – Anomaly investigations – Launch operations – Risk reduction initiatives – U.S. Co-Production monitoring – Mission Assurance Team (MAT) – Independent Readiness Reviews Boris Yeltsin and Norm Augustine discussing RD180 matters.NASA.PMC.2010 7
  • 10. Government Participation RD-180 “One Team” Integrated Team Management (USAF, NASA, Aerospace, SCITOR) Program Management & Engineering Independent Systems Hardware Denver Launch Review Analysis Acceptance Coordination Operations • “One Team” Charter – Provide objective, independent RD-180 launch verification – Monitor RD-180 production engine Program • “One Team” Benefits – Consolidate USG technical talent • Maximize technical insight and information sharing while protecting data • Minimize organizational duplication and overlap of efforts – Minimize impact of existing barriers • Multiple contracts, contracting strategies Process in Place for USG ParticipationNASA.PMC.2010 8
  • 11. Challenges • Profitability in an export-controlled environment – TAA and MLA approval process can take up to 1 year from time of application – License restrictions make technical Integration more difficult – Anomaly resolutions and optimization take longer • Access to technical information – Protection of competition-sensitive or strategic data vs. over-protection – Must comply with both US and Russian export laws • Cultural differences – Language / communications – Contracting and business practices – Trusting relationships – Ethics Challenging Business EnvironmentNASA.PMC.2010 9
  • 12. Program Management Recommendations• Know and comply with Export Laws – Plan for a longer and more complex process of doing business• Develop business relationships with mutual benefits – Understand and respect foreign supplier’s constraints – Recognize obligations to protect intellectual property – Fair economic exchange for products and technologies – Understand and recognize cultural differences – Employ facilitators who understand language and business practices – Communicate and adhere to our Ethics – Seek long-term opportunities for cooperative space exploration Great Potential for Mutual Benefits with International PartnersNASA.PMC.2010 10
  • 13. Summary• RD-180 fully operational in the Atlas V launch vehicle – Atlas cost and launch capabilities greatly improved – 100% Mission Success• Strong relationships established with Russian partners – Industry and Government• Government support & participation critical to success International Cooperation Successfully Demonstrated by RD-180 Program: Foundation for Future Space ExplorationNASA.PMC.2010 11

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