National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationDryden Flight Research CenterCenter OverviewDavid McBride, Center DirectorHug...
Our NamesakeWhy there is a need for flightresearch,“. . . to separate the realfrom the imagined and tomake known theoverlo...
To Fly What Others Only Imagine                 D-OV 111020      3
Advancing Technology and ScienceThrough Flight• Mission Elements    – Perform flight research and technology integration t...
Dryden Flight Research CenterEdwards Air Force Base•   Remote Location•   Varied Topography•   350 Testable Days Per Year•...
Dryden Aircraft Operations FacilityPalmdale, CA   •   USAF Plant-42   •   Palmdale Site 9 Complex        – Ready access to...
Summary of Dryden Capabilities•   Core Competencies                                                       FY12 Vital Stati...
Dryden Flight Research Center                                  Director                                       David McBrid...
DFRC/AFFTC/AFRL Alliance Activities                       •   DFRC/AFFTC/AFRL Alliance                               –   C...
Strategic Partnerships•   DoD Partnerships:     –   USAF, AFFTC Alliance, AFRL,     –   USN, NAVAIR,     –   US Army, CERD...
Mission Activity                   D-OV 111020   11
SOFIAStratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy                       •   SOFIA will provide astronomers with a key ...
SOFIA – Platform                   D-OV 111020   13
SOFIA – Science            SS1            Orion Image                          D-OV 111020   14
Global Hawk•   Three USAF Pre-Production Global Hawk    aircraft have been transferred to NASA,    two are operational.•  ...
Global Hawk Science•   Global Hawk Pacific (GloPac)    – Spring 2010.     –   Purpose: Exploration of trace         gases,...
Airborne Science Program           •   Aligned with the Science Mission Directorate’s               Airborne Science Progr...
Exploration SystemsLaunch Abort Flight Test                  •   Orion crew exploration vehicle                      inclu...
Pad Abort 1 – May 6, 2010                 D-OV 111020   19
Aeronautics Research                       •       Fundamental Aeronautics Program                                –   Subs...
X-48B – Blended Wing Body (BWB)•   Research partnership of Boeing, NASA, and AFRL     – Design and fabrication contracted ...
Current H/BWB Work•   NASA LaRC/DFRC, Boeing Analysis, Wind Tunnel Tests, and Small Scale    Model Flight Tests Accomplish...
Hybrid/Blended Wing Body• Challenges  –   Structures and Materials  –   Aero-Structural Integration  –   Aerodynamics  –  ...
UAS Integration in the NAS Focus Areas•   Separation Assurance     –   Assessment of NextGen separation assurance         ...
NASA Space Operations                                         • Primary alternate landing site                            ...
Flight Opportunities• Parabolic Flight  • Up to 4 flight weeks/year with up to 15 payloads per    flight week• Suborbital ...
Reimbursable ActivitiesAutomatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT)Ikhana (Predator B)Flight Loads LabER-2DC-8Global Ha...
Automatic Collision Avoidance TechnologyFighter Risk Reduction Program - OSD                               D-OV 111020   28
Testbed Aircraft•   Testbed aircraft augmenting Dryden’s one-    of-a-kind research aircraft are available to    support a...
Questions?             D-OV 111020   30
D-OV 111020   31
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Dryden Overview

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This presentation is a general overview of the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. The presentation covers our mission, facilities, core capabilities, partnerships and our general mission activities.

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  • CFIT is #1 cause of loss of F-1687 aircraft lost69 loss of life79% due to CFIT98% ACAT recoverableACAT activation will be a Cat-A incident
  • Dryden Overview

    1. 1. National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationDryden Flight Research CenterCenter OverviewDavid McBride, Center DirectorHugh L. Dryden Flight Research Center
    2. 2. Our NamesakeWhy there is a need for flightresearch,“. . . to separate the realfrom the imagined and tomake known theoverlooked and theunexpected. . .”. Dr. Hugh L. Dryden, Administrator of NACA, First Deputy Administrator of NASA D-OV 111020 2
    3. 3. To Fly What Others Only Imagine D-OV 111020 3
    4. 4. Advancing Technology and ScienceThrough Flight• Mission Elements – Perform flight research and technology integration to revolutionize aviation and pioneer aerospace technology – Validate space exploration concepts – Conduct airborne remote sensing and science observations – Support operations of the Space Shuttle and the ISS … for NASA and the Nation Revolutionary Aeronautical Concepts Airborne Science OperationsLaunchAbortSystem STS Operations D-OV 111020 4
    5. 5. Dryden Flight Research CenterEdwards Air Force Base• Remote Location• Varied Topography• 350 Testable Days Per Year• Extensive Range Airspace• 29,000 Ft Concrete Runways• 68 Miles of Lakebed Runways• 301,000 Acres• Supersonic Corridor D-OV 111020 5
    6. 6. Dryden Aircraft Operations FacilityPalmdale, CA • USAF Plant-42 • Palmdale Site 9 Complex – Ready access to USAF Plant 42 runway and facilities – 35 miles from NASA Dryden Flight Research Center – 422,000 square feet of floor space, including 210,000 square feet in this central hangar area D-OV 111020 6
    7. 7. Summary of Dryden Capabilities• Core Competencies FY12 Vital Statistics: – Atmospheric Flight Research and Test Civil Servant Staff • Flight Safety and Risk Management ~ 555 • Flight Project and Mission On-site Contractors Management ~ 650 • Flight Research Technology Budget • Flight Test Operations ~ $263M • Experimental Aircraft - piloted and unpiloted• Facility Capability – Flight Operations & Engineering Staff – Experimental and Testbed Aircraft – Unmanned Aircraft Systems • Extensive experience in securing Program Funding Program Workforce Certificates of Authorization (COA) for UAS flights – Airborne Science Platforms – Range and Aircraft Test Facilities • Western Aeronautical Test Range • Research Aircraft Integration Facility • Flight Loads Laboratory • Dryden Aircraft Operations Facility D-OV 110927 7
    8. 8. Dryden Flight Research Center Director David McBride Office of the Deputy Director Patrick Stoliker Center Director Associate Director for Mission Support Gwen Young Associate Director for Programs Dennis Hines Executive Officer Chief Counsel Director, Dryden David Samuels SOFIA Program Aircraft Ops Facility Office Steve Schmidt Equal Opportunity Chief Engineer Robert Meyer & Diversity James Smolka Keri Eliason Advanced Planning Safety and Mission & Partnerships Assurance John Del Frate Vince Chacon Agency CIO Project Support Chief Information Office Officer Rob Binkley Larry Freudinger Mission Directorates Science Flight Exploration Aeronautics Research & Mission Information Mike Thomson Operations John Carter Joe Piotrowski Engineering & Test Systems (vacant) Brad Flick Sean McMorrow Mission Support Offices Agency CFO Acquisition Facilities Human Strategic Resource Mgmt Protective EducationManagement Engineering & Communications Chief Financial & Development Services Russ ClaughtonArthur Welton Asset Mgmt Kevin Rohrer Officer Patsy Smith John Zellmer Dan Crowley Valerie Zellmer October 20, 2011
    9. 9. DFRC/AFFTC/AFRL Alliance Activities • DFRC/AFFTC/AFRL Alliance – Co-Chaired council meets quarterly – 8 integrated product teams – 33 active Memorandums of Agreement – Over $34M in cost avoidance/savings to date Preserves Unique Missions Research Test and and NASA Evaluation Technology Air Force Common InfrastructureNew Emphasis Areas • Airfield Operations• Program Collaboration • Range and Flight Safety – X-51, UAS, C-17, ACAT, • Shared Aircraft and … Equipment• Sharing Staffing Resources • Frequency Management – Technicians and Shops Fully integrated • Health and Welfare – Engineering infrastructure with • Emergency Response – Administrative EAFB • Security D-OV 111020 9
    10. 10. Strategic Partnerships• DoD Partnerships: – USAF, AFFTC Alliance, AFRL, – USN, NAVAIR, – US Army, CERDEC – DARPA• International – DLR Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center), Cranfield (UK), …• Industry – Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Gulfstream, Northrop Grumman, AeroVironment, General Atomics, Scaled Composites, …• Academia – AERO Institute – Multiple university grants• NASA Centers – ARC, GRC, GSFC, JPL, JSC, KSC, LaRC, MSFC• Airborne Science – Departments of Agriculture, Energy, Homeland Security, and Interior – NOAA, EPA, … D-OV 111020 10
    11. 11. Mission Activity D-OV 111020 11
    12. 12. SOFIAStratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy • SOFIA will provide astronomers with a key infrared window to the Universe – Formation of Stars and Planets – Interstellar Medium of the Milky Way – Galaxies and the Galactic Center – Planetary Science • Joint program by NASA and DLR Deutsches Zentrum fur Luftund Raumfahrt (German Aerospace Center) • Science Mission Operations - Universities Space Research Association (USRA) ,Deutsches SOFIA Institut (DSI) • NASA Program Office – Dryden – Platform Project Office – Dryden – Science Project Office – Ames • Major aircraft modifications: – German-built 100-inch (2.5 meter) diameter far-infrared telescope weighing 20 tons mounted in the rear fuselage – Mission and support systems • Mission Control and Communications System (MCCS) • Education and Public Outreach work stations Flight test operations • First Open-Door Flight: Fall 2009 • First-Light : Spring 2010 • Initiation of Science Flights: Fall 2010 D-OV 111020 12
    13. 13. SOFIA – Platform D-OV 111020 13
    14. 14. SOFIA – Science SS1 Orion Image D-OV 111020 14
    15. 15. Global Hawk• Three USAF Pre-Production Global Hawk aircraft have been transferred to NASA, two are operational.• A combined NASA/Northrop Grumman team is maintaining, modifying, and operating the UAS through a 5-year partnership. (2008-2013)• The first flight of the NASA Global Hawk occurred on 23 October 2009. Thus far, a total of 26 missions have been flown. The longest mission was to 85 deg N Latitude with an endurance of 28.6 hours. D-OV 111020 15
    16. 16. Global Hawk Science• Global Hawk Pacific (GloPac) – Spring 2010. – Purpose: Exploration of trace gases, aerosols, and dynamics of remote upper troposphere and lower stratosphere regions. – Combination of 11 remote sensing and in-situ measurements. – 4 flights were conducted with a total of 83 flight hours.• Genesis and Rapid Intensification Processes (GRIP) – Summer 2010 – Purpose: Explore how tropical storms form and develop into major hurricanes. – Suite of 4 state-of-the-art instruments. – 5 flights have been conducted with a total of 114 flight hours. (2 Tropical Depressions, 1 Tropical Storm, 2 Hurricanes) D-OV 111020 16
    17. 17. Airborne Science Program • Aligned with the Science Mission Directorate’s Airborne Science Program • Program Objectives • Satellite Calibration and Validation • New Sensor and Algorithm Development • Process Studies • Next Generation NASA Scientist and Engineer Development • Platforms • DC-8 • Heavy lift • Long Range • Shirt-sleeve environment • ER-2 • Very High Altitude • Long Range • G-III UAVSAR • Synthetic Aperture Radar • Repeat pass interferometry • Global Hawk • Unmanned • Extreme range and endurance D-OV 111020 17
    18. 18. Exploration SystemsLaunch Abort Flight Test • Orion crew exploration vehicle includes a launch abort system (LAS) that assures crew escape after failure • Lead Flight Test Vehicle Development and Test – Systems Engineering & Integration – Safety and Quality Assurance – Development Flight Instrumentation – Abort Test Booster Procurement Lead – Crew Module Integration and Test – Launch Facilities & Ground Support – Lead Flight, Ground, & Range Operations D-OV 111020 18
    19. 19. Pad Abort 1 – May 6, 2010 D-OV 111020 19
    20. 20. Aeronautics Research • Fundamental Aeronautics Program – Subsonic Fixed Wing – Supersonics – Hypersonics • Aviation Safety Program – Integrated Resilient Aircraft Control – Integrated Vehicle Health Management • Airspace Systems Program – Concepts & Technologies Development – Systems analysis, integration and evaluation • Integrated Systems Research Program – Environmentally Responsible Aviation – UAS Integration in the National Airspace System • Reimbursable/Partnerships (2011 SPG 1.4.4) – Technology Development – Systems Integration – Systems Validation D-OV 111020 20
    21. 21. X-48B – Blended Wing Body (BWB)• Research partnership of Boeing, NASA, and AFRL – Design and fabrication contracted to Cranfield Aerospace• Purpose – Evaluate low speed stability and control of blended wing body configuration in free-flight – Evaluate flight control algorithms – Evaluate prediction and test methods for blended wing body class vehicles• Airframe – Remotely piloted from ground control station – 8.5% dynamically scaled (rigid body) • Wingspan: 20.4 ft • Weight: 525 lbf • Thrust: 54 lbf each (3 JetCat turbojets) – 20 control surfaces • 10 elevons • 8 split ailerons (4 clamshell pairs) • 2 winglet rudders D-OV21 111020
    22. 22. Current H/BWB Work• NASA LaRC/DFRC, Boeing Analysis, Wind Tunnel Tests, and Small Scale Model Flight Tests Accomplished D-OV 111020 22
    23. 23. Hybrid/Blended Wing Body• Challenges – Structures and Materials – Aero-Structural Integration – Aerodynamics – Controls – Propulsion-Airframe Integration – Systems Integration – Infrastructure• Scale – X-48C – Concept Validation (X-model) – Transport (Y-model) D-OV 111020 23
    24. 24. UAS Integration in the NAS Focus Areas• Separation Assurance – Assessment of NextGen separation assurance systems for UAS in mixed operations – Flight tests with realistic latencies and trajectory uncertainty• Human Systems Integration – Develop human factors guidelines for GCS operation in the NAS• Communications – Frequency spectrum allocations issues – ICAO/FAA/RTCA Standards and Recommended for UAS• Certification – Define UAS airworthiness requirements – Provide hazard and risk-related data• Integrated Tests and Evaluation – Integrate and test concepts from the technical elements to demonstrate and test viability – Evaluate the performance of the research in a relevant environment (full mission human-in-the- loop simulations and flight tests) D-OV 111020 24
    25. 25. NASA Space Operations • Primary alternate landing site • On-orbit communications support for International Space Station (ISS) and Shuttle OrbiterSTS-126 Lands at Edwards Nov 30, 2008 • Telemetry support • Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) maintenance and support • 60 DFRC landing operations to date • Last landing operation STS-128, September 2009STS-126 Departs Edwards Dec 10, 2008 D-OV 111020 25
    26. 26. Flight Opportunities• Parabolic Flight • Up to 4 flight weeks/year with up to 15 payloads per flight week• Suborbital Flight • Multiple $M of flights and payload integration services purchased through multiple vendors (subject to Congressional funding) D-OV 111020 26
    27. 27. Reimbursable ActivitiesAutomatic Collision Avoidance Technology (ACAT)Ikhana (Predator B)Flight Loads LabER-2DC-8Global HawkRange ServicessUAS ServicesHost Services D-OV 111020 27
    28. 28. Automatic Collision Avoidance TechnologyFighter Risk Reduction Program - OSD D-OV 111020 28
    29. 29. Testbed Aircraft• Testbed aircraft augmenting Dryden’s one- of-a-kind research aircraft are available to support a wide variety of research missions. – Dragon Lady (ER-2) – Eagle (F-15) – Global Hawk (RQ-4) – Gulfstream (G-III) – Hornet (F/A-18) – Ikhana (MQ-9) – King Air (B-200) – Mentor (T-34) – Talon (T-38)• Testbeds provide platforms for sensor validation, aerodynamic, system, and propulsion research and test. D-OV 110927 29
    30. 30. Questions? D-OV 111020 30
    31. 31. D-OV 111020 31
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