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Cancer ppt

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CANCER TYPES, CAUSES AND TREATMENT

CANCER TYPES, CAUSES AND TREATMENT

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  • 1. A PAPER PRESENTATION ONCANCER-INTRODUCTION & TREATMENT BY, Mr. NAMDEO SHINDE M. Pharm SATARA COLLEGE OF PHARMACY DEGAON, SATARA.(MH) INDIA.
  • 2. What does the word cancermean to you?
  • 3. A terrifyingillness.
  • 4. Normal body cells grow, divide and die in an orderly fashion.
  • 5. Cancer cellsare differentbecause they do notdie, they just continue to grow and divide in a disorderly fashion.
  • 6. Cancer can occur atany age, but 67% ofcancer deaths occurin people older than65 years
  • 7. CANCER STATISTICS30%25%20%15%10% death %5%0% Heart Cancer chronic Diabetes Alzheimer disease respiratory disease lower diseases
  • 8. There are two types of tumours: Malignant tumors spread to other areas in the body. Benign tumors stay in one place.
  • 9. Main Features
  • 10. Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include:tobacco (25-30%)
  • 11. Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include: diet and obesity (30-35%)tobacco (25-30%)
  • 12. Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include: diet and obesity (30-35%)tobacco (25-30%) infections (15-20%)
  • 13. Common environmental factors leading to cancer death include: diet and obesity (30-35%)tobacco (25-30%) Radiation infections (15-20%) Stress lack of physical activity environmental pollutants
  • 14. CAUSESBenzene and other chemicalsDrinking excess alcoholEnvironmental toxins, such as certain poisonousmushrooms anda type of poison that can grow on peanut plants(aflatoxins)Excessive sunlight exposureGenetic problemsObesityRadiationViruses
  • 15. Bladder Cancer
  • 16. Bladder CancerLung Cancer
  • 17. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast Cancer
  • 18. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanoma
  • 19. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal Cancer
  • 20. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin Lymphoma
  • 21. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin LymphomaEndometrial Cancer
  • 22. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin LymphomaEndometrial CancerPancreatic Cancer
  • 23. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin LymphomaEndometrial CancerPancreatic CancerKidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
  • 24. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin LymphomaEndometrial CancerPancreatic CancerKidney (Renal Cell) CancerProstate Cancer
  • 25. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin LymphomaEndometrial CancerPancreatic CancerKidney (Renal Cell) CancerProstate CancerThyroid Cancer
  • 26. Bladder CancerLung CancerBreast CancerMelanomaColon and Rectal CancerNon-Hodgkin LymphomaEndometrial CancerPancreatic CancerKidney (Renal Cell) CancerProstate CancerThyroid Cancer
  • 27. Leukemia
  • 28. TESTSBiopsy of the tumorBlood tests (which look for chemicals such as tumormarkers)Bone marrow biopsy (for lymphoma or leukemia)Chest x-rayComplete blood count (CBC)CT scanLiver function testsMRI scan
  • 29. TREATMENT &PREVENTION
  • 30. TREATMENT•Surgery•Chemotherapy•Radiation•Targeted Cancer Treatments•Small Molecule Inhibitors•Antibodies•Cell Based Immunotherapy•Gene Therapy
  • 31. ChemotherapyDrugs used to kill cancer cells; disrupt someaspect of cell division.Toxic to healthy cells; hair, bonemarrow, lymphocytes, and epithelial cells ofintestinal lining .Side effects include hairloss, nausea, vomiting, and reduced immuneresponses.
  • 32. Radiation therapyHigh-energy rays are used to kill cancer cells Stop them from growing and dividing.radiotherapy is a local treatment; it can affectcancer cells only in the treated area.side effects-Tiredness, skin reactions such as rash orredness, and loss of appetite.Temporary lowering of the WBC count.
  • 33. Surgery therapyIn localized cancer surgery typically attemptsto remove the entire mass. Biological therapy/immunotherapy Monoclonal antibodies, interferon, interleukin-2, and colony-stimulating factors.Side effects - Temporary flu-like symptomssuch as fever and chills, muscle aches andweakness, loss of appetite and diarrhea.
  • 34. Recently launched drugs-Axitinib (Inlyta) for advanced kidney cancer.Vismodegib (Erivedge) for advanced basal cellcarcinoma.Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) for multiple myeloma.Ziv-aflibercept (Zaltrap) in combination withchemotherapy for metastatic colon cancer.Regorafenib (Stivarga) for metastatic colorectalcancer .
  • 35. PREVENTIONEating a healthy diet.Exercising regularly.Limiting alcohol.Maintaining a healthy weight.Minimizing your exposure to radiation and toxicchemicals.Not smoking or chewing tobaccoReducing sun exposure, especially if you burn easily.
  • 36. CONCLUSIONHence cancer is second leading cause of deaths followingheart diseases one should care about its prevention beforethe occurrence of disease by varies examinations and ifdisease is already exists then one should go for its regulartreatment. Recent treatment mainly includes radiationtherapy, cell based immunotherapy, genetherapy, chemotherapy are most widely used methods usedfor treatment of various type of cancers.
  • 37. REFERNCESwww.chronicdisease.isdh.inwww.cancer.govwww.chronicdisease.isdh.in.govhttp://www.essense-of-life.com/moreinfo/minerals/cesium.htmhttp://www.micronmetals.com/55.htmhttp://www.stopcancer.com/toc.htmhttp://www.prostate90.com/sci_papers/warburg.htmlhttp://www.alternative-doctor.com/cancer/oxygen.htmhttp://www.advancedhealthplan.com/2cesiumchlorideforcancer2.htmlCancer Facts and Figures 2012". Journalists Resource.orghttp://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/cancer-oncologyhttp://www.news-medical.net/health/What-is-Cancer.aspxhttp://www.cancerresearchuk.org/http://www.who.int/cancer/