BENZOINSYNONAME- Sumatra benzoin, gum benzoin, lobanBIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It is balsamic resin obtained from Styrax benzoin , Styraxtonkinesis belongs to styraceae family.GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION-Produced from trees grown in south easternAsia- Sumatra, Indonesia.COLLECTION-benzoin is pathological resin collected after 6 year from cultivated/wild treesby incision near the base of tree.The resinous material allow to solidified,sundried(yield-10kg/tree)
MYRRHSYNONAME- Myrrha, bol, gum myrrhBIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It is oleo-gum-resin obtained from Commiphora molmolbelongs to Burseraceae family.GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION-found in north east africa andsouthern arabia.COLLECTION-Burseraceae plants posses oleo-resinouscanals in their conducting tissue.Plant is small shrub-3m heightBy incision on bark it exudates yellowishcolored resin ,gradually hardens andbecomes reddish brown.This mass is collected in goatsskin and sent to market.
MYRRHCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS-10% thick VOLATILE OIL-Terpenes, cuminic aldehyde, eugenol.25-40% resins – alpha, beta and gamma commiphoric acid3-4% bitter principlesUSES- - stimulant, - used as antiseptic, - protective, - used in mouthwashes.ADULTRATION-Arabian myrrhYamen myrrhIndian bdellium(balsamoendron mukul)
NEEMSYNONAME- LIMBBIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It consist of leaves and other aerial parts of Azadiracta indicabelongs to Meliaceae family.GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION- it is indigenous and widely grown in India.CULTIVATION- The plant is propagated by seeds. it survive at hightemp. little rainfall , nutrient deficient soil. The plant bears fruitafter 5 years.CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS-Azadiractin, salanin, meliantriolLeaves- nimbosterol, quercetinSeeds- azadirtactin, salanin , meliantrol, meliacinBark- nimbin, nimbinin, nimbidin, nimbosterol, margosine.USES- Antiseptic, insecticide, antiviral,treatement of AIDS
CURCUMASYNONAME- turmeric, haldi, Indian saffronBIOLOGICAL SOURCE- It consist of dried or fresh rhizomes of Curcuma longa belongs toZinzibrraceae family.GEOGRAPHICL DISTRIBUTION- it is cultivated in pak ., Malaysia, china. india-MH, TN, WB, UP, PJCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS-5% VOLATILE OIL, RESIN, yellow coloring sub. CurcuminoidsCurcumin, turmerone, zingiberine, borneol, caprylic acid.USES-Antiseptic,Expectorant,In condimentColoring agent- ointment, creamsAntimicrobialantiinflammatory