Tsvetelina Filipova - Energy Community Treaty

452 views

Published on

Prezentacija Svetline Filipove, pravnog savetnika Sekretarijata energetske zajednice, sa Prvog međunarodnog simpozijuma "Životna sredina i energetika - Šta čeka Srbiju". -2. mart 2012.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
452
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Tsvetelina Filipova - Energy Community Treaty

  1. 1. Energy Community TreatyLarge Combustion Plants Directive 2001/80/EC Tsvetelina Filipova March 2, 2012 - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 1
  2. 2. Focus • An overview of Energy Community Treaty • Directive 2001/80/EC on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants –overview of key requirements • Contracting Parties (CP) transposition status • CPs implementation status • GHG Emissions Study • The way forward to ensure full implementation by the deadline - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 2
  3. 3. The Energy Community: Key Facts  Energy Community Treaty: entry into force 2006  Stakeholders: - Parties: The EU and 9 Contracting Parties (AL, BiH, CR, FYR MK, MNE, SR, UNMIK + MD - 2010 and UA - 2011) - 15 Participants: EU Member States - 4 Observers: Georgia; Norway; Turkey; Armenia  Objectives and Means : - Create a single and stable regulatory space – the regional energy market to be fully integrated with the EU internal energy market - Application of the EU acquis through the implementation of the Energy Community Treaty * Third EU energy liberalization package – Ministerial Council (October 2011), BUT to be implemented by 1 January 2015 - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 3
  4. 4. Institutional framework Energy Community European Union Council of the EU: Transport, Gov. Telecommunication and Ministerial Council Energy Permanent High Level Group Min. COREPER Energy Community ERGEG / ACER Regulatory Board NRA Electricity - Athens; Electricity – Florence; Gas - Maribor; FORA Gas – Madrid; Social – Presidency; Citizens – London; Oil - Belgrade Oil - Berlin Secretariat Indep. European Commission - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 4
  5. 5. the acquis on environment... By virtue of Article 16 (ii) of the Treaty Establishing the Energy Community Directive 2001/80/EC on the limitation of emissions of certain pollutants into the air from large combustion plants by December 31, 2017. (LCPD) Article 15 After the entry into force of this Treaty, the construction and operation of new generating plants shall comply with the acquis communautaire on environment. • Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) 2010/75/EU sets stricter ELV based on BAT from 1/1/16 - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 5
  6. 6. LCP Directive 2001/80/EC scope Combustion Plants with rated thermal input ≥ 50 MW • Aims to reduce emissions of SO2, NOx and dust to protect human health and environment • Emission limit values (concentrations) are fuel / capacity / age dependent • Covers LCPs in power sector, refineries, iron and steel, paper, sugar, chemicals and others • Solid, liquid and gaseous fuels (except waste covered by WID) - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 6
  7. 7. Groups of Plants Three separate groups of plants –„existing‟ permitted before 1 July 1987 –„new‟ permitted before 27 Nov 2002 –„new new‟ permitted after 27 Nov 2002 - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 7
  8. 8. LCPs • NEW NEW plans have to comply with the (stricter) emission limit values for SO2, NOx and dust fixed in part B of the Annexes III to VII. • NEW plants have to comply with the (less strict) emission limit values fixed in part A of the Annexes III to VII of the LCP Directive. • The LCP Directive requires significant emission reductions from "existing plants" to be achieved by 1 January 2008: a) by individual compliance with the emission limit values established for new plants or b) through a national emission reduction plan (NERP) that achieves overall reductions calculated using the emission limit values. or by mixing options a) and b) EC Guidelines to assist a MS in the preparation of a NERP http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/pollutants/sta tionary/national_plans.htm - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 8
  9. 9. LCPD ELVSLCPD ELV SO2 mg/Nm3 (O2 content 6%) NOx mg/Nm3 (O2 content 3%) DUST mg/Nm3 MW Soild Liquid Gasous Biomass Soild Liquid Gasous Biomass Soild Liquid Gasous Plant exist. new exist. new exist.* new* new exist. new exist. new exist.* new* new exist. new exist. new exist. new50-100 2000 850 1700 850 35 35 200 600 400 450 400 300 150 400 50 50 50 50 5** 5**100-300 2000- 200 1700 400- 35 35 200 600 400 450 200 300 150 300 30 30 500 200 (lin. (lin. >300 decr. 200 1700- decr.) 200 35 35 200 600 400 450 200 300 100 200 100- 400 500M (lin. W) decr); >500 400 400 500*** 400 200 100 *depending on the type of gas fuel ** see for specific cases Annex VII *** 200 (>500-after 1.1.2016) - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 9
  10. 10. Emission Limit Values Hardcoal and Lignite: SO2 (O2 6% ) LCPD (Annex III) LCP-BREF, and IED Emission Th. Capacity BREF – BAT LCPD (IED) MW mg/m3 mg/m3 New Existing New Existing Installation Installation Installation Installation 50 – 100 200 – 400 200 – 400 850 2000 150 – 400 150 – 400 400 400 (FBC) (FBC) 100 – 300 100 – 200 100 – 250 lineare Dec. from 2000 SO2 200 to 400 200 250 > 300 20 – 150 20 – 200 100 – 200 100 – 200 200 400 (CFBC/ (CFBC/ 150 200 PFBC) PFBC) 200 FBC - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 10
  11. 11. Emission Limit Values for Hardcoal and Lignite: NO2 LCPD (Annex VI), LCP-BREF and IED - Emission Th. Capacity BREF – BAT LCPD – (IED) mg/m3 mg/m3 New Existing New Existing MW Installation Installation Installation Installation 50 – 100 200 – 450 200 – 450 400 50 - 500 MW lignite lignite 300 400 = 600 lignite (450) NO2 > 500 MW 100 – 300 100 – 200 100 – 200 200 = 500 lignite lignite > 300 50 – 200 50 – 200 200 lignite lignite lignite till 01.01.2016 > 300 150 50 - 500 MW = 450 Ex Inst= 200 > 500 MW = 200 - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 11
  12. 12. Emission Limit Values for Hardcoal and Lignite: Dust LCPD (Annex VII) LCP-BREF, and IED Emission th. Capacity BREF – BAT LCP – Dir. (IED) mg/m3 mg/m3 New Existing New Existing MW Installation Installation Installation Installation 50 – 100 5 – 20 5 – 30 50 > 500 MW 20 -50 mg/m3 100 – 300 5 – 20 5 - 25 Dust < 500 MW 30 -100 mg/m3 > 300 5 – 10 5 - 20 > 300 = 10 (30/25/20) - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 12
  13. 13. The process up to now within the Energy Community Treaty on LCPD • Secretariat prepared LCP inventory templates and implementations questionnaires • Most of the CPs filled in templates - data 2010 • A preliminary report on implementation is being prepared which will be finalyzed by mid March, 2012 At the Third Task Force meeting (May 23, 2012), the TF members agreed to prepare and present a report, on a plant-by-plant basis, which will include: • CP approach on how to implement the requirements and ELVs of the LCP Directive. • CP choice between NERPs and/or ELVs, • Information on measures to be taken for each individual plant, (incl if they are planned to be decommissioned or retrofitted, and timeline. • Use of flexibility options (e.g. limiting the hours of operation under Article 4(4)). - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 13
  14. 14. Preliminary Report – key findingsLarge Combustion Plants 2001/80/EC • Focus on LCPs from power generation and refineries sectors relevant to Network Energy • The LCPs operating in the CPs are considered existing and new. • Often this separation is not fully compliant with the definitions set in the Directive since many transposing acts are linking the definition of existing plant with the date of enactment. • In most of the CPs, since no plants were licensed between 2002 and the date of publishing of the relevant acts thus in the meaning of directive they are generally considered “existing”. - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 14
  15. 15. Preliminary Report – transpositionLarge Combustion Plants 2001/80/EC • Majority of the CP has adopted in the last 5 years legislation transposing the LCPD. Not all legislation has been reviewed – unavailable translations (UA, MD) • In most of the cases the transposition is satisfactory and full transposition can be achieved with minor revisions and amendments of the current acts. • More substantial amendments are needed for BiH for existing plants and UNMIK • Annexes are mostly literally transposed – it is interesting to note that the ELVs for new plants are provisioned in Montenegro also for the existing one, thus the existing plant will be expected to comply with these ELVs by December 31, 2024 (non compliance) • Most of the acts reviewed stipulate derogations as provisioned in the directive (limited hours of operation, fuel-specific etc.) - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 15
  16. 16. Preliminary Report – main transposing actsLarge Combustion Plants 2001/80/EC Albania Law no. 10 448, dated 14.07.2011, "ON ENVIRONMENTAL PERMITTING" BiH Regulation on emission limit values into the air from large combustion plants (O.G. FBiH 12/05) and Regulation on emission limit values into the air from large combustion plants (O.G. RS 39/05). (regulate new plants only) Croatia Regulation on limit values for pollutant emissions from stationary sources into the air (OG 21/07 and 150/08) fYR Rulebook on the limit values for the permissible levels of emissions and types Macedonia of pollutants in the exhaust gases and vapours emitted in the air from stationary sources (OG 141/10) Moldova Instruction Nr. 381 from 16.08.2004 on the calculation of pollution into the air from stationary sources (transposition not reviewed) Montenegro Decree on Emission Limit Values from Stationary Sources (OG 10/2011) Serbia Regulation on Emission Limits Value of Pollutant in the air (Official Gazette of the RS, No ??/2010). UNMIK Decree from 22.10.2008 N 541/ N 1110/15801 approving technical standards of permissible emissions of pollutants from power plants with rated thermal input exceeding 50 MW Ukraine Administrative Instruction (AI) on Rules and standards of the discharges in air by the stationary resources of pollution, No. 6/2007 - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 16
  17. 17. Preliminary Report - Implementation • NERP: Some of the CPs are in process of preparation of NERP incl. fYR Macedonia, UNMIK. Only Croatia has a finalized NERP. • NERP preparation is provisioned in Albania and Serbian legislation but no info on its status • End of lifetime: Not all CPs communicated expected date/planned end of operational life of the plants (BiH, fYR Macedonia and UNMIK reported dates (2017)) • Electrostatic precipitators are most commonly used dust emissions abetment techniques, rarely scrubbers are installed, as well as low NOx burner, cyclone, desulfurization is not common The existing plants are expected to comply with ELVs as stipulated in the Directive by latest the end of 2017, however it was observed that a few countries have granted longer period to the LCP to align with these requirements - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 17
  18. 18. Existing LCPs Situation between countries varies a lot in terms of main energy sources, installed capacity, fuel used, emissions • Albania - only 1 new plant Vlora and refineries • BiH - 4 (a few units) and refineries • Montenegro - one existing TPP • UNMIK - 2 (a few units) • fYR Macedonia – 4 existing TPPs and refineries • Croatia, Serbia and Ukraine - a lot of TPP and refineries - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 18
  19. 19. Snapshoton fuel predominantly used and ELVs observance in CPs CP Main FUEL Above ELVs Albania solid New plant, comply with ELVs BiH solid SO2 and dust Croatia liquid and gaseous 10 LCPs no SO2, rest 2-3 times above fYR Macedonia solid SO2 and dust major problems Moldova gaseous No data Montenegro solid No data Serbia solid, liquid and No data gaseous UNMIK solid Major problem with dust Ukraine solid, liquid and SO2, NOx and dust times above gaseous the ELVs - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 19
  20. 20. Participation of CP in Carbon Dioxide Equivalent Emissions for Base Scenarios Year Albania B&H Croatia FYR Montenegro Serbia UNMIK TOTAL Macedonia 2010 2.5% 12.3% 11.2% 10.8% 3.0% 46.2% 14.1% 100.0% 2011 2.1% 13.6% 10.8% 10.7% 3.0% 45.7% 14.1% 100.0% 2012 2.2% 13.9% 10.8% 10.7% 3.0% 45.5% 13.8% 100.0% 2013 2.1% 13.6% 12.9% 11.0% 2.4% 45.5% 12.5% 100.0% 2014 2.1% 13.8% 14.7% 9.5% 2.4% 45.2% 12.3% 100.0% 2015 2.3% 14.6% 14.9% 9.7% 2.1% 43.8% 12.6% 100.0% 2016 2.3% 14.5% 14.8% 9.3% 2.1% 44.9% 12.1% 100.0% 2017 2.5% 14.8% 15.6% 9.9% 2.0% 43.1% 12.2% 100.0% 2018 2.7% 15.3% 13.9% 10.0% 2.0% 43.9% 12.2% 100.0% 2019 2.9% 15.6% 12.0% 10.7% 2.1% 44.4% 12.3% 100.0% 2020 3.2% 16.7% 8.2% 11.2% 2.1% 45.6% 12.9% 100.0% • Source: Study on the Potential for Climate Change Combating in Power Generation in the Energy Community, March 2012 • http://www.energy-community.org/portal/page/portal/ENC_HOME/AREAS_OF_WORK/Environment/study_climate_change - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 20
  21. 21. NOx Emissions Scenarios Base Scenarios Alternative Scenarios - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 21
  22. 22. SO2 Emissions Scenarious /Gg/ • Base Scenarios • Alternative Scenarios - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 22
  23. 23. Particulate Emission Scenarios /t/Base ScenariosAlternativeScenarios - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 23
  24. 24. LCPD the way forward Techniques for pollution prevention and reduction are available and mature SO2: low S coal, flue gas desulphurisation (dry/wet) NOx: combustion modifications, SNCR, SCR Dust: electrostatic precipitators, bag filters LCP Directive emission limit values can be achieved by applying the Best Available Techniques (BAT) - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 24
  25. 25. Measures planned to be implemented • Use of best available technologies in energy production plants • Installation of equipment for abatement of emissions of particulate matter, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from waste gases from combustion plants, • Use of liquid oil fuels with a sulphur content of less than 1%, which will be made possible by the upgrading of national refineries to make their fuel production compliant with Directive 1999/32/EC, • Use of low-sulphur solid fuels • Higher share of use of alternative and renewable energy sources (biogas, wind and solar energy) • Setting up a centralised system for monitoring continuous measurement of pollutant emissions into the air from the stationary sources - prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 25
  26. 26. Thank you- prepared by the Energy Community Secretariat - 26

×