Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples
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National Aboriginal Housing Association ...

National Aboriginal Housing Association
Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone

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NAHO Speakers Series
Housing is Health: What Remedies for Urban Aboriginal Peoples?
Ottawa Ontario
March 1, 2012

Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director

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Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples Presentation Transcript

  • National Aboriginal Housing Association Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone Presentation NAHO Speakers Series Housing is Health: What Remedies for Urban Aboriginal Peoples? Ottawa Ontario March 1, 2012 Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director
  • WHO IS NAHA/ANHA?
    • 1994 - NAHA Incorporated to advocate against end of subsidies for new social housing projects
    • 1996 - NAHA advocated against Canada’s download of UNH program to provinces
    • We now also:
    • Advocate for: Resources to Address Need
    • A National Aboriginal Housing Policy
    • The Right to Housing
    • Better Housing - Better Health
    • Facilitate Communication and Information Transfer
    • Annually Convene National Conference
    • Conduct Research
  • CURRENT NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS
    • 110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s & 80s;
    • Purchase homes; manage and rent to Indigenous peoples at 25% RGI
    • CMHC provides subsidies (through provinces) to help mortgage repayment
    • 10,000 units acquired before program cap (1994)
    • 9,000 more under Rural & Native Housing ownership program, available in small centres
    • Mortgages and thus subsidies are ending
  • KEY PRINCIPLES
    • In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources
    • to help reduce or eliminate backlog of required Aboriginal
    • housing units, NAHA pursues the following
    • Key Principles:
    • Aboriginal Control over Aboriginal Housing
    • Service to all Indigenous persons, regardless of “status”
    • Culturally-sensitive Service Delivery
    • Accountability at all levels of Operation
    • United Effort to Address Aboriginal Housing Issues
  • 2009 NAHA Paper
    • A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address Aboriginal Housing
    • Analysis of 2006 Census Figures
    • Three quarters of Aboriginal peoples live off Reserve
    • Core Housing need is disproportionately higher among non-reserve Aboriginal households
    • Average income of non-reserve Aboriginal households 83% that of Non Aboriginal households
    • Non-reserve Aboriginal households have a much lower rate of homeownership (54% vis-á-vis 68% among non-Aboriginals)
    • Very High Percentage of Aboriginals among the Homeless
  • Call for Ten Year Action Plan
    • Meet Growth: 1,000 new housing units yearly
    • Reduce Need: 3,000 new or used rental units annually –
    • Renovate/Retrofit: 1,000 dwellings improved annually
    • Preserve existing social stock: create 1,000 new units annually
    • Increase non-reserve Aboriginal home-ownership (54% in 2006) to match that of the non-Aboriginal rate (68%): help 4,000 households annually
  • Housing is Health
    • Study after study world-wide confirms a direct relationship between the quality of housing and the state of the occupants’ health and well-being;
    • Studies show that homelessness likewise has a negative impact on the health of the homeless; and that
    • Homelessness costs a lot for health care and for other essential services
  • Housing is Health
    • Research to date shows:
    • Housing among Aboriginal peoples is the worst in Canada;
    • Poor housing impacts on health of people;
    • Good housing supports good health, educational advancement, good self-image;
    • Safe, decent and affordable housing is essential.
  • What Remedies?
    • NAHA calls on the federal government to:
    • a) extend, fund and make permanent the off-reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust, under the control and direction of a Board of Trustees made up of Aboriginal persons with knowledge and experience in Aboriginal housing administration;
    • establish a National (Indigenous) Housing Policy;
    • extend and make permanent the Homelessness Partnering Strategy in 2014;
  • What Remedies?
    • For Homelessness
    • Housing First
    • Counselling and Support Services by Aboriginal Personnel
    • Cultural Affinity must be incorporated into programming and physical buildings
    • Counselling based on Traditional Teachings
  • OTHER INITIATIVES
    • Aboriginal Homelessness Research Network :
    • NAHA is working in partnership with the Canadian Homelessness Research Network (CHRN) to set up the AHRN to
    • Develop organizational and governance structures;
    • Determine operating procedures and a processes;
    • Propose methods of facilitating dissemination of Aboriginal
    • research reports;
    • Determine a Canada-wide Aboriginal research agenda;
    • Present research on Aboriginal homelessness to advocate for
    • policy development and continued funding to counter
    • Aboriginal homelessness
    • National Aboriginal Housing Association
    • Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone
    • Suite 102, 396 MacLaren Street
    • Ottawa ON Canada K2P 0M8
    • Tel. 613-236-0288 (Alt. 519-445-2915) Fax. 613-232-1977
    • www.aboriginalhousing.org
    • [email_address]