National Aboriginal Housing Association Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone Presentation NAHO Speakers Series Ho...
WHO IS NAHA/ANHA? <ul><li>1994 - NAHA Incorporated to advocate against end of subsidies for new social housing projects </...
CURRENT NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS <ul><li>110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s & 80s; </li></ul><ul...
KEY PRINCIPLES <ul><li>In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>to help reduce or eli...
2009 NAHA Paper <ul><li>A Time for Action:  A National Plan to Address Aboriginal Housing   </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of ...
Call for Ten Year Action Plan   <ul><li>Meet Growth: 1,000 new housing units yearly  </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Need: 3,000 ...
Housing is Health <ul><li>Study after study world-wide confirms a direct relationship between the quality of housing and t...
Housing is Health <ul><li>Research to date shows: </li></ul><ul><li>Housing among Aboriginal peoples is the worst in Canad...
What Remedies? <ul><li>NAHA calls on the federal government to: </li></ul><ul><li>a)  extend, fund and make permanent the ...
What Remedies? <ul><li>For Homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Housing First  </li></ul><ul><li>Counselling and Support Service...
OTHER INITIATIVES <ul><li>Aboriginal Homelessness Research Network : </li></ul><ul><li>NAHA is working in partnership with...
<ul><li>National Aboriginal Housing Association </li></ul><ul><li>Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone </li></ul>...
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Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples

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National Aboriginal Housing Association
Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone

Presentation
NAHO Speakers Series
Housing is Health: What Remedies for Urban Aboriginal Peoples?
Ottawa Ontario
March 1, 2012

Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director

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Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples

  1. 1. National Aboriginal Housing Association Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone Presentation NAHO Speakers Series Housing is Health: What Remedies for Urban Aboriginal Peoples? Ottawa Ontario March 1, 2012 Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director
  2. 2. WHO IS NAHA/ANHA? <ul><li>1994 - NAHA Incorporated to advocate against end of subsidies for new social housing projects </li></ul><ul><li>1996 - NAHA advocated against Canada’s download of UNH program to provinces </li></ul><ul><li>We now also: </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for: Resources to Address Need </li></ul><ul><li> A National Aboriginal Housing Policy </li></ul><ul><li> The Right to Housing </li></ul><ul><li> Better Housing - Better Health </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate Communication and Information Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Annually Convene National Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Research </li></ul>
  3. 3. CURRENT NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS <ul><li>110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s & 80s; </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase homes; manage and rent to Indigenous peoples at 25% RGI </li></ul><ul><li>CMHC provides subsidies (through provinces) to help mortgage repayment </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 units acquired before program cap (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 more under Rural & Native Housing ownership program, available in small centres </li></ul><ul><li>Mortgages and thus subsidies are ending </li></ul>
  4. 4. KEY PRINCIPLES <ul><li>In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>to help reduce or eliminate backlog of required Aboriginal </li></ul><ul><li>housing units, NAHA pursues the following </li></ul><ul><li>Key Principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Control over Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Service to all Indigenous persons, regardless of “status” </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally-sensitive Service Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability at all levels of Operation </li></ul><ul><li>United Effort to Address Aboriginal Housing Issues </li></ul>
  5. 5. 2009 NAHA Paper <ul><li>A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of 2006 Census Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Three quarters of Aboriginal peoples live off Reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Core Housing need is disproportionately higher among non-reserve Aboriginal households </li></ul><ul><li>Average income of non-reserve Aboriginal households 83% that of Non Aboriginal households </li></ul><ul><li>Non-reserve Aboriginal households have a much lower rate of homeownership (54% vis-á-vis 68% among non-Aboriginals) </li></ul><ul><li>Very High Percentage of Aboriginals among the Homeless </li></ul>
  6. 6. Call for Ten Year Action Plan <ul><li>Meet Growth: 1,000 new housing units yearly </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce Need: 3,000 new or used rental units annually – </li></ul><ul><li>Renovate/Retrofit: 1,000 dwellings improved annually </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve existing social stock: create 1,000 new units annually </li></ul><ul><li>Increase non-reserve Aboriginal home-ownership (54% in 2006) to match that of the non-Aboriginal rate (68%): help 4,000 households annually </li></ul>
  7. 7. Housing is Health <ul><li>Study after study world-wide confirms a direct relationship between the quality of housing and the state of the occupants’ health and well-being; </li></ul><ul><li>Studies show that homelessness likewise has a negative impact on the health of the homeless; and that </li></ul><ul><li>Homelessness costs a lot for health care and for other essential services </li></ul>
  8. 8. Housing is Health <ul><li>Research to date shows: </li></ul><ul><li>Housing among Aboriginal peoples is the worst in Canada; </li></ul><ul><li>Poor housing impacts on health of people; </li></ul><ul><li>Good housing supports good health, educational advancement, good self-image; </li></ul><ul><li>Safe, decent and affordable housing is essential. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What Remedies? <ul><li>NAHA calls on the federal government to: </li></ul><ul><li>a) extend, fund and make permanent the off-reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust, under the control and direction of a Board of Trustees made up of Aboriginal persons with knowledge and experience in Aboriginal housing administration; </li></ul><ul><li>establish a National (Indigenous) Housing Policy; </li></ul><ul><li>extend and make permanent the Homelessness Partnering Strategy in 2014; </li></ul>
  10. 10. What Remedies? <ul><li>For Homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Housing First </li></ul><ul><li>Counselling and Support Services by Aboriginal Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Affinity must be incorporated into programming and physical buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Counselling based on Traditional Teachings </li></ul>
  11. 11. OTHER INITIATIVES <ul><li>Aboriginal Homelessness Research Network : </li></ul><ul><li>NAHA is working in partnership with the Canadian Homelessness Research Network (CHRN) to set up the AHRN to </li></ul><ul><li>Develop organizational and governance structures; </li></ul><ul><li>Determine operating procedures and a processes; </li></ul><ul><li>Propose methods of facilitating dissemination of Aboriginal </li></ul><ul><li>research reports; </li></ul><ul><li>Determine a Canada-wide Aboriginal research agenda; </li></ul><ul><li>Present research on Aboriginal homelessness to advocate for </li></ul><ul><li>policy development and continued funding to counter </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal homelessness </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>National Aboriginal Housing Association </li></ul><ul><li>Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone </li></ul><ul><li>Suite 102, 396 MacLaren Street </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa ON Canada K2P 0M8 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel. 613-236-0288 (Alt. 519-445-2915) Fax. 613-232-1977 </li></ul><ul><li>www.aboriginalhousing.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>
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