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Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples
 

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National Aboriginal Housing Association ...

National Aboriginal Housing Association
Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone

Presentation
NAHO Speakers Series
Housing is Health: What Remedies for Urban Aboriginal Peoples?
Ottawa Ontario
March 1, 2012

Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director

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    Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples Housing is Health: What remedies for urban aboriginal peoples Presentation Transcript

    • National Aboriginal Housing Association Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone Presentation NAHO Speakers Series Housing is Health: What Remedies for Urban Aboriginal Peoples? Ottawa Ontario March 1, 2012 Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director
    • WHO IS NAHA/ANHA?
      • 1994 - NAHA Incorporated to advocate against end of subsidies for new social housing projects
      • 1996 - NAHA advocated against Canada’s download of UNH program to provinces
      • We now also:
      • Advocate for: Resources to Address Need
      • A National Aboriginal Housing Policy
      • The Right to Housing
      • Better Housing - Better Health
      • Facilitate Communication and Information Transfer
      • Annually Convene National Conference
      • Conduct Research
    • CURRENT NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS
      • 110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s & 80s;
      • Purchase homes; manage and rent to Indigenous peoples at 25% RGI
      • CMHC provides subsidies (through provinces) to help mortgage repayment
      • 10,000 units acquired before program cap (1994)
      • 9,000 more under Rural & Native Housing ownership program, available in small centres
      • Mortgages and thus subsidies are ending
    • KEY PRINCIPLES
      • In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources
      • to help reduce or eliminate backlog of required Aboriginal
      • housing units, NAHA pursues the following
      • Key Principles:
      • Aboriginal Control over Aboriginal Housing
      • Service to all Indigenous persons, regardless of “status”
      • Culturally-sensitive Service Delivery
      • Accountability at all levels of Operation
      • United Effort to Address Aboriginal Housing Issues
    • 2009 NAHA Paper
      • A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address Aboriginal Housing
      • Analysis of 2006 Census Figures
      • Three quarters of Aboriginal peoples live off Reserve
      • Core Housing need is disproportionately higher among non-reserve Aboriginal households
      • Average income of non-reserve Aboriginal households 83% that of Non Aboriginal households
      • Non-reserve Aboriginal households have a much lower rate of homeownership (54% vis-á-vis 68% among non-Aboriginals)
      • Very High Percentage of Aboriginals among the Homeless
    • Call for Ten Year Action Plan
      • Meet Growth: 1,000 new housing units yearly
      • Reduce Need: 3,000 new or used rental units annually –
      • Renovate/Retrofit: 1,000 dwellings improved annually
      • Preserve existing social stock: create 1,000 new units annually
      • Increase non-reserve Aboriginal home-ownership (54% in 2006) to match that of the non-Aboriginal rate (68%): help 4,000 households annually
    • Housing is Health
      • Study after study world-wide confirms a direct relationship between the quality of housing and the state of the occupants’ health and well-being;
      • Studies show that homelessness likewise has a negative impact on the health of the homeless; and that
      • Homelessness costs a lot for health care and for other essential services
    • Housing is Health
      • Research to date shows:
      • Housing among Aboriginal peoples is the worst in Canada;
      • Poor housing impacts on health of people;
      • Good housing supports good health, educational advancement, good self-image;
      • Safe, decent and affordable housing is essential.
    • What Remedies?
      • NAHA calls on the federal government to:
      • a) extend, fund and make permanent the off-reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust, under the control and direction of a Board of Trustees made up of Aboriginal persons with knowledge and experience in Aboriginal housing administration;
      • establish a National (Indigenous) Housing Policy;
      • extend and make permanent the Homelessness Partnering Strategy in 2014;
    • What Remedies?
      • For Homelessness
      • Housing First
      • Counselling and Support Services by Aboriginal Personnel
      • Cultural Affinity must be incorporated into programming and physical buildings
      • Counselling based on Traditional Teachings
    • OTHER INITIATIVES
      • Aboriginal Homelessness Research Network :
      • NAHA is working in partnership with the Canadian Homelessness Research Network (CHRN) to set up the AHRN to
      • Develop organizational and governance structures;
      • Determine operating procedures and a processes;
      • Propose methods of facilitating dissemination of Aboriginal
      • research reports;
      • Determine a Canada-wide Aboriginal research agenda;
      • Present research on Aboriginal homelessness to advocate for
      • policy development and continued funding to counter
      • Aboriginal homelessness
      • National Aboriginal Housing Association
      • Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone
      • Suite 102, 396 MacLaren Street
      • Ottawa ON Canada K2P 0M8
      • Tel. 613-236-0288 (Alt. 519-445-2915) Fax. 613-232-1977
      • www.aboriginalhousing.org
      • [email_address]