1. Elder Stories as a Pilot DVD
Intervention in an Inuit
Presenter: Sennait Yohannes & Selina Kisa
November 24, 2009
•Inuit Food systems
•Pilot DVD intervention
3. Inuit Food Systems
• Important to facilitate social, cultural,
Introduction spiritual ties
•Inuit Food • >100 different species of animals and
•Transitions • Initially noted for its health benefits 1
1. Bang and Dyerberg, 1972
4. Nutrient Value of Country
Introduction Rich in
•Inuit Food • Omega 3
•Transitions • Antioxidants
Background • Protein
• Vitamin A
•DVD course • Vitamin D
6. Invitation to Pangnirtung
8. Initial Activities
systems 1) Adult health screening-2005
Background 2) Youth health survey-2006
3) Elder knowledge/story telling
9. Diet Quality-Youth
•49% consumed country
food the day before
systems •98% had drank soft drinks
the day before
Study Design •2.5 cans
Analysis •1/3 youth
10. Youth Project:
Construct a pilot DVD intervention based on
elder stories to share traditional food
knowledge among community youth.
1. To determine if the stories are a feasible
way to transfer traditional knowledge to
2. To determine attitudes and beliefs about
traditional foods among youth.
11. Inuit Quajimajatuqangit (IQ)
“Practical common sense; teachings and
experience passed through generations;
knowing the country; being rooted in
spiritual health; a way of life; an authority
system of rules for resource use; respect;
obligation to share; wisdom in using
knowledge; using heart and head
12. Story Telling
•Story telling has been a traditional way
for Inuit to share knowledge.
•Inuit Food •21 local elders were interviewed about
systems country foods and traditional ways of life.
Background •5 elders were used for the pilot DVD
•Shared similar themes
13. DVD Design
Theme 1 Theme 2 Theme 3
What women ate Land and Country Food
and what men ate Ocean Plants Remedies
Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3
14. Pilot DVD
•Each segment is composed of 5
Introduction different elder interviews.
systems •Continuous story
•Transitions •Medium youth are comfortable
Study Design •Maximizes the information.
Analysis •Community pictures
• A pre & post DVD questionnaire was
Introduction – 28 T/F questions
•Inuit Food • Paired and independent t-tests
– 4 open ended questions
Background • What did you like about the DVD?
•Pangnirtung • How would you change the DVD?
Study Design • How do you feel about learning Traditional
•DVD „course‟ Knowledge from the elders?
Analysis • What would make it easier for you to eat
more Country Food?
– Content analysis
•Local high school over two weeks
•Inuit Food •Week 1
Background •1rst and 2nd DVD segment
Study Design •Week 2
Analysis •3rd DVD segment
17. Quantitative Analysis
18. Qualitative Analysis
19. Attitudes and Beliefs
•Country Food Traditions
•Learning from elders
•Learning traditional knowledge from
•Health Benefits of traditional food
•Increasing traditional food availability
Inuit culture and perspective needs to
be considered for effective health
•Ties youth to local elders.
•Promotes country food and
•Promotes Inuit identity.