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404 d Sprenger Williams

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  • 1. Cinema Therapy By: Megan Sprenger & Matt Williams
  • 2. Previous Findings Some of the changes that may occur during everyday situations include “sudden realizations, increases in critical information, emotional reactions, event interpretations, solution revelations, and other change events that are also intermediate goals of traditional therapy.” (Lampropoulos & Spengler, 2005)
  • 3. Non-traditional Counseling From an existential perspective, friendship has been considered as therapy for human loneliness and alienation (Lampropoulos & Spengler, 2005) According to Lampropoulous and Spengler one important advantage to religion as a counseling intervention is the perception of a divine presence can greatly enhance the helpee’s expectations for change.
  • 4. Non-traditional Counseling Bibliotherapy is used similarly as movies are used Lampropoulous and Spengler state that the book that stands in for a counselor may provide the client with a more enduring, even life long therapeutic relationship. Schulenberg states that the implication of and reference to films is that the importance of movies extends beyond their entertainment value.
  • 5. Cinematherapy Lampropoulous and Spengler found that clients can identify with the movie characters who face similar difficulties, find support and acceptance for their condition, deepen their emotional states, achieve catharsis, increase their awareness of the problem, get information, find solutions through vicarious learning, and prepare for action.
  • 6. Cinematherapy Schulenberg also states that using movies as a technique in clinical practice allows clients to view their problems from a comfortable distance. Movies as a visual metaphor provide an entertaining means of educating the viewer and fostering new attitudes (Shulenberg, 2003)
  • 7. Clients Not Appropriate for Movies People with severe mental illness Domestic violence situations Recent traumatic experience similar to the film People that don’t enjoy films
  • 8. Statistics 100% of the group reported that the discussion after the movie was either “excellent” or “very good” 100% of the group reported that they would recommend the group When asked what was most helpful one client stated “seeing that my own grief experience is normal.”
  • 9. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Complicated Grief Criterion A: Person has experienced the death of a significant other, and response involves 3 of the 4 following symptoms, experienced at least daily or to a marked degree:
  • 10. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Complicated Grief The 4 criteria are: Intrusive thoughts about the deceased. Yearning for the deceased. Searching for the deceased. Excessive loneliness since the death.
  • 11. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Complicated Grief Criterion B: In response to the death, 4 of the 8 following symptoms are experienced at least daily or to a marked degree: Purposelessness or feelings of futility about the future. Subjective sense of numbness, detachment, or absence of emotional responsiveness.
  • 12. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Complicated Grief Criterion B: (continued) Difficulty acknowledging the death (e.g., disbelief). Feeling that life is empty or meaningless. Feeling that part of oneself has died.
  • 13. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Complicated Grief Criterion B: (continued) Shattered worldview (e.g., lost sense of security, trust, control). Assumption of symptoms or harmful behaviors of, or related to, the deceased person. Excessive irritability, bitterness, or anger related to the death.
  • 14. Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Complicated Grief Criterion C: The disturbance (symptoms listed) must endure for at least 6 months. Criterion D: The disturbance causes clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
  • 15. Bibliography Furst, Benjamin. (2007). Bowlby Goes to the Movies: Film as a Teaching Tool for Issues of Bereavement, Mourning and Grief in Medical Education. Academic Psychiatry, 31(5), 407-410 Schulenberg, Stefan. (2003). Psychotherapy and Movies: On Using Films in Clinical Practice. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, 33 (1) 35-48 Lampropoulos, Georgios; Spengler, Paul. (2005) Helping and Change without traditional therapy: Commonalities and Opportunities. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 18 (1) 47-59

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