Word Up: Building a Rich  Vocabulary for  Academy Themes National Academy Foundation Leadership Summit Orlando, Florida No...
Focus & Essential Questions <ul><li>What is the rationale for integrating literacy strategies into Academy themes? </li></...
How does one acquire a large vocabulary? Vocabulary
Criteria for Selecting Words to Teach Source: Bringing Words to Life: Robust Vocabulary Instruction (Beck, McKeown, Kucan)...
Key Components of Literacy Support Framework (Source:  Adolescent Literacy Resources: Linking Research and Practice . Juli...
The Case and Guidance for Focusing on Vocabulary Vocabulary is the building block of discourse in all subjects. Research i...
Elements of Effective Vocabulary Instruction   <ul><li>Not relying on dictionary definitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Represent ...
Three “INTERACTING DYNAMICS” for Moving Words From Working Memory to Permanent Memory   <ul><li>Number of times a student ...
How to Organize Words for Instruction The Story of  Words Categorizing Taxonomies List-Group-Label Defining Defining Forma...
The Story of Words - Part 1 Categories
Creating Categories with  List-Group-Label   <ul><li>Put the students in groups of about 4 students. </li></ul><ul><li>Dis...
Taxonomy About Money <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><...
Words Are Free!
Taxonomies  <ul><li>Alphabetical Lists of Words On a Mathematical Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Continuously Expanded </li></ul>...
Steps 1 in Building a Taxonomy <ul><li>Each participant is to work alone or solo, and think of as many topics as possible ...
Step 2 to Build a Taxonomy <ul><li>Step 2: Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have participants form subgroups of three o...
Step 3 to Build a Taxonomy <ul><li>Cross-Pollination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruct the “class” to collect topics from oth...
Creating a Personal Thesaurus 10-11 Hotel chains November 20, 2006 8-9 Types of eateries November 14, 2006 6-7 Types of lo...
Story of Words – Part 2 Defining
Defining Format that 1 2 3 is money What is a dollar? A dollar Characteristics that 1 2 3 Category is  Question What is mo...
Morphology and Etymology <ul><li>Morphology: Word comes Morpheus, the Greek god of sleep and dreams.  (morpheme, amorphous...
Story of Words – Part 3 History
Etymology <ul><li>What does one’s salary have to do with the taste of food? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the following terms ...
What do the following information technology and hospitality & tourism terms have in common with a type of suitcase? <ul><...
A common type of suitcase is the portmanteau (literally, carrier of the coat).  A portmanteau word is the result of two wo...
Story of Words – Part 4 Morphology
Why does the word mint have two meanings?
The Answer Lies in Morphology <ul><li>The word for the mint we eat comes from the Greek myth of Proserpine, who transforme...
Morphology Chart digitally digital digitize digitized digitizes digitizing digit digits digitizer Adverbs Adjectives Verbs...
Story of Words – Part 5 Word Play
Rebuses Travel cccccc tr world ip sgeg
Rebuses <ul><li>Travel overseas </li></ul><ul><li>Trip around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Scrambled eggs </li></ul>Travel ...
Academy Oxymorons <ul><li>Microsoft works </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced BASICS </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual reality </li></ul><u...
Computer Word Play <ul><li>Dr. Seuss Comes to Your Computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bits. Bytes. Chips. Clocks.  Bits in byt...
Costello Buys A Computer from Abbott
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Literacy Integration Presentation

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Literacy Integration Presentation

  1. 1. Word Up: Building a Rich Vocabulary for Academy Themes National Academy Foundation Leadership Summit Orlando, Florida November 16, 2006 Presenter: Andrew Rothstein, PhD NAF Curriculum Manager [email_address]
  2. 2. Focus & Essential Questions <ul><li>What is the rationale for integrating literacy strategies into Academy themes? </li></ul><ul><li>What is literacy in the context of NAF Academies? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we provide students with a robust vocabulary? </li></ul>
  3. 3. How does one acquire a large vocabulary? Vocabulary
  4. 4. Criteria for Selecting Words to Teach Source: Bringing Words to Life: Robust Vocabulary Instruction (Beck, McKeown, Kucan) <ul><li>Importance & Utility: Appear frequently across a variety of domains. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Potential: Words that can be worked with in a variety of ways so that students can build rich representations of them and their connections to other words & concepts. </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual Understanding: Words for which students understand the general concept but provide precision & specificity in describing the concept. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Key Components of Literacy Support Framework (Source: Adolescent Literacy Resources: Linking Research and Practice . Julie Meltzer, Nancy Cook Smith & Holly Clark. CRM) <ul><li>Address Student Motivation to Read, Write, and Speak. </li></ul><ul><li>Implement Research-Based Literacy Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate Literacy Across the Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure Support, Sustainability and Focus Through Organizational Structures and Leadership Capacity. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Case and Guidance for Focusing on Vocabulary Vocabulary is the building block of discourse in all subjects. Research indicates that there is a strong relationship between academic success and vocabulary. A major source of the achievement gap is a lack of background vocabulary. The research supporting direct instruction in vocabulary is compelling.
  7. 7. Elements of Effective Vocabulary Instruction <ul><li>Not relying on dictionary definitions. </li></ul><ul><li>Represent word knowledge linguistically & non-linguistically. </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually shape word meanings through multiple exposures. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching word parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Vary instructional strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Having students discuss terms and use word play. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on terms that enhance academic success. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Three “INTERACTING DYNAMICS” for Moving Words From Working Memory to Permanent Memory <ul><li>Number of times a student processes information about the word (around four times over a two period) </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of processing (adding detail to understanding) </li></ul><ul><li>Elaboration (increasing the variety of associations with a term). </li></ul>
  9. 9. How to Organize Words for Instruction The Story of Words Categorizing Taxonomies List-Group-Label Defining Defining Format History of Words Etymology Expanding Word Meaning Morphology Word Play
  10. 10. The Story of Words - Part 1 Categories
  11. 11. Creating Categories with List-Group-Label <ul><li>Put the students in groups of about 4 students. </li></ul><ul><li>Distribute Post-It Notes or Index Cards to the students. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask them to place one word they associate with mathematics on each card. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them work in teams put the words that they think go together in groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Look at each group and give them labels. </li></ul><ul><li>These can now serve as categories for taxonomies. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Taxonomy About Money <ul><li>A </li></ul><ul><li>B </li></ul><ul><li>C </li></ul><ul><li>D </li></ul><ul><li>E </li></ul><ul><li>F </li></ul><ul><li>G </li></ul><ul><li>H </li></ul><ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>J </li></ul><ul><li>K </li></ul><ul><li>L </li></ul><ul><li>M </li></ul><ul><li>N </li></ul><ul><li>O </li></ul><ul><li>P </li></ul><ul><li>Q </li></ul><ul><li>R </li></ul><ul><li>S </li></ul><ul><li>T </li></ul><ul><li>U </li></ul><ul><li>V </li></ul><ul><li>W </li></ul><ul><li>X </li></ul><ul><li>Y </li></ul><ul><li>Z </li></ul>
  13. 13. Words Are Free!
  14. 14. Taxonomies <ul><li>Alphabetical Lists of Words On a Mathematical Topic </li></ul><ul><li>Continuously Expanded </li></ul><ul><li>Used for Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Double Page Spread </li></ul><ul><li>Skip Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Solo/Share/Cross Pollinate </li></ul>
  15. 15. Steps 1 in Building a Taxonomy <ul><li>Each participant is to work alone or solo, and think of as many topics as possible that their classes will be studying this year. </li></ul><ul><li>Give an example, such as rain forests, holidays, or mathematicians. </li></ul><ul><li>Participants should enter each topic next to the initial letter. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask participants to work for three or four minutes without talking to anyone in the class. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Step 2 to Build a Taxonomy <ul><li>Step 2: Collaboration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have participants form subgroups of three or four in their “class”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tell the subgroups to collect each other’s words. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Step 3 to Build a Taxonomy <ul><li>Cross-Pollination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instruct the “class” to collect topics from other “classes”. This will help enlarge the individual taxonomies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask one person from each “class’ to select a topic that she or he thinks is especially important or interesting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct that person to say to the entire group, “I would like to contribute the topic of _____ to your Taxonomy.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage everyone to then add that topic to his or her Taxonomy. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Creating a Personal Thesaurus 10-11 Hotel chains November 20, 2006 8-9 Types of eateries November 14, 2006 6-7 Types of lodging November 1, 2006 Pages Topic Date
  19. 19. Story of Words – Part 2 Defining
  20. 20. Defining Format that 1 2 3 is money What is a dollar? A dollar Characteristics that 1 2 3 Category is Question What is money? Money
  21. 21. Morphology and Etymology <ul><li>Morphology: Word comes Morpheus, the Greek god of sleep and dreams. (morpheme, amorphous, morphine, animorphs). </li></ul><ul><li>Describes how words change into various parts of speech, meanings, spelling, or pronunciations over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Etymology </li></ul><ul><li>Tells us where the words come from. </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematical words have many origins: Anglo-Saxon, Latin, Greek, Arabic </li></ul>
  22. 22. Story of Words – Part 3 History
  23. 23. Etymology <ul><li>What does one’s salary have to do with the taste of food? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the following terms have in common? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Baud </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hayes command </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bartlett pear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bolivar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>boniface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>doily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>jacuzzi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>museum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sandwich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>welch </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. What do the following information technology and hospitality & tourism terms have in common with a type of suitcase? <ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intercom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>netiquette </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pixel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>telecommuter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>telsat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transistor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hospitality & Tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>autobus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>farewell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gasohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>moped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>motel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>skyjack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taxicab </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>travelogue </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. A common type of suitcase is the portmanteau (literally, carrier of the coat). A portmanteau word is the result of two words folded into each other to make one new word. <ul><ul><li>bit = binary + digit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>intercom = internal + communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet = international + network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>netiquette = network + etiquette </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pixel = picture + element </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>telecommuter = telecommunication + commuter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>telsat = telecommunications + satellite </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>transistor = transfer + resister </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>autobus = automobile + bus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>farewell = fare + ye + well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gasohol = gasoline + alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>moped = motor + pedal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>motel = motor + hotel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>skyjack = sky + hijack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taxicab = taximeter + cabriolet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>travelogue = travel + monologue </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Story of Words – Part 4 Morphology
  27. 27. Why does the word mint have two meanings?
  28. 28. The Answer Lies in Morphology <ul><li>The word for the mint we eat comes from the Greek myth of Proserpine, who transformed a nymph into an herb (minthe) </li></ul><ul><li>The word for the mint that makes the money comes from a Latin word for money (moneta) </li></ul><ul><li>Over time the pronunciations of the two words morphed independently until they became the same in sound and spelling. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Morphology Chart digitally digital digitize digitized digitizes digitizing digit digits digitizer Adverbs Adjectives Verbs Nouns
  30. 30. Story of Words – Part 5 Word Play
  31. 31. Rebuses Travel cccccc tr world ip sgeg
  32. 32. Rebuses <ul><li>Travel overseas </li></ul><ul><li>Trip around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Scrambled eggs </li></ul>Travel cccccc tr world ip sgeg
  33. 33. Academy Oxymorons <ul><li>Microsoft works </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced BASICS </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual reality </li></ul><ul><li>Constant variable </li></ul><ul><li>Working holiday </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade </li></ul>
  34. 34. Computer Word Play <ul><li>Dr. Seuss Comes to Your Computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bits. Bytes. Chips. Clocks. Bits in bytes on chips in box. Bytes with bits and chips with clocks. Chips in box on ether-docks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chips with bits come. Chips with bytes come. Chips with bits and bytes and clocks come </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look, sir. Look, sir. Read the book, sir. Let's do tricks with bits and bytes sir. Let's do tricks with chips and clocks, sir. </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Costello Buys A Computer from Abbott

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