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  • A majority of the parents would prefer the school to be a science specialist as they feel that this would benefit their children more. The school will receive £100,000 to be a science specialist but £500,000 to be SEN. SEN status would also attract more SEN students to the school. What you would do if you were the head teacher? Please the parents or please the bank manager?
  • Epspowerpoint a

    1. 1. Different types of state secondary schools <ul><li>There is no such thing as a typical school in England </li></ul><ul><li>90% of children are educated in state-maintained schools. These schools are funded by the local authority, follow the national curriculum and are inspected by the Office for Standards in Education, Children’s Services and Skills [Ofsted]. </li></ul>
    2. 2. Different types of state secondary schools <ul><li>Different kinds of school are run in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>They implement different policies and serve different educational needs </li></ul><ul><li>The School Standards and Framework Act, 1988 identifies four main categories of state – maintained school </li></ul>
    3. 3. There are 4 main categories of state-maintained schools: <ul><li>(i) Community schools – run by the local authority who employ the staff, own the school land/buildings and decide student admission criteria </li></ul><ul><li>All community schools have been given the opportunity to </li></ul><ul><li>seek foundation status, which leads to a change in the </li></ul><ul><li>governance of the school. </li></ul>
    4. 4. There are 4 main categories of state-maintained schools: <ul><li>(ii) Foundation schools – </li></ul><ul><li>The governing body employs the </li></ul><ul><li>staff and sets the admissions </li></ul><ul><li>criteria. </li></ul><ul><li>School land/buildings are </li></ul><ul><li>owned by the governing body or a </li></ul><ul><li>charitable foundation. </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation schools remain LA </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Trust schools – </li></ul><ul><li>A state funded foundation school supported by </li></ul><ul><li>a charitable foundation or trust, </li></ul><ul><li>which appoints school governors. </li></ul><ul><li>The Education and Inspections Act 2006 included provision for a foundation school to set up a charitable foundation or trust. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Other types of state schools are: <ul><li>(i) Specialist schools – teach the whole curriculum but with an additional focus on a particular area i.e., performing arts, engineering, science </li></ul>
    6. 6. Specialist Schools in England (Autumn 2009) Arts 492 15% Business and Enterprise 256 8% English 58 2% Humanities 138 4% Language 214 7% Maths and Computing 294 9% Music 30 1% Science 338 10% Sports 400 12% Tech 534 17% Combined 150 5% (more than one specialism) SEN 165 5% TOTAL 3069 95% No specialism 156 5%
    7. 7. Other types of state schools are: <ul><li>(ii) Academies –They either replace one or more existing schools facing challenging circumstances or are established where additional school places are needed. Their aim is to raise standards. </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>(iv) Community and foundation Special schools – cater for children with specific educational needs, like physical or learning difficulties </li></ul><ul><li>(vi) Pupil referral units – cater for children of compulsory school age who may otherwise not receive suitable education, focusing on getting them back into a mainstream school </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>(vii) Grammar schools – select all or almost all of their students based on academic ability </li></ul><ul><li>(viii) Secondary modern schools - are schools in grammar school areas who ‘lose’ the most academically able students to the grammar schools </li></ul><ul><li>(viii) Comprehensive schools – schools in areas with no grammar schools who, therefore, have a fully comprehensive intake </li></ul><ul><li>(ix) Maintained boarding schools – offer free tuition, but charge fees for board and lodging </li></ul>
    10. 10. Independent schools <ul><li>Are not required to teach the national curriculum and have their own admissions policies </li></ul><ul><li>Are regularly monitored for standards by Ofsted or the Independent Schools Inspectorate </li></ul><ul><li>You do not need to have qualified teacher status (QTS) to be employed in an independent school, but QTS is well regarded </li></ul>
    11. 11. Public Schools <ul><li>Fee charging schools </li></ul><ul><li>Financed by bodies other than the state, commonly as a private charitable trust </li></ul><ul><li>Often, but not always, boarding school </li></ul><ul><li>Are not required to teach the national curriculum and have their own admissions policies </li></ul><ul><li>You do not need to have qualified teacher status to be employed in a public school </li></ul>
    12. 12. Free Schools <ul><li>Free Schools are all ability and state funded </li></ul><ul><li>The New Schools Network will advise education groups, teachers and parents who wish to set up a new school in their area </li></ul><ul><li>These new schools will be academies and have the same freedoms which include setting their own pay and conditions for staff, freedom from following the national curriculum and the ability to change the length of term and school days. They will be accountable via inspections and tests </li></ul>
    13. 13. John Port School <ul><li>Specialist Maths and Technology School. </li></ul><ul><li>First school in England to be offered a third specialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Have been offered either Science or Special Educational Needs (SEN). </li></ul>