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  • 1. Homophobia Fear is the main source of superstition, and one of the main sources of cruelty. To conquer fear is the beginning of wisdom.  Bertrand Russell Presented by: Gerrisha Jenkins, Ty Gabriel, Jeanette Tindal, Jawar Nelson, Alison Pulley, Robert Nix
  • 2. Homophobia’s effects on society
    • Job Discrimination
    • Gay Marriage and Gay Marriage Laws
    • Adoption
    • Hate Crimes
    • Informal Survey
    • Homophobia and Religion
  • 3. Job Discrimination
    • Employment discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation
    • Employment discrimination is the most common complaint received by the American Civil Liberties Union from sexual minorities.
    • As of April, 2007, 18 states have protection for the rights of gays and lesbians in the work place: Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Maryland, the District of Columbia, Wisconsin, Illinois, Minnesota, Iowa, Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, New Mexico, and Hawaii.
  • 4. Job Discrimination
    • Cases of sexual job discrimination:
    • John Reaney
    • Lech Sydor
    • Mr. VP (No formal name given)
    • In 2003, Wal-mart changed its antidiscrimination policies to include gays and lesbians. Mona Williams, Wal-mart’s Vice President of Communications said, “It’s the right thing to do for our employees. We want all of our associates to feel they are valued and treated with respect - no exceptions. And it’s the right thing to do for our business.”
  • 5. Job Discrimination
    • Gay Protection Laws in the US -
    • John Reaney Case -
    • Lech Sydor Case -
    • Mr. VP Case -
  • 6. Gay Marriage and Gay Marriage Laws
    • What is a Marriage a Christian Perspective
    • From the early Christian era, marriage was thought of as primarily a private matter, with no religious or other ceremony being required. Prior to 1545, Christian marriages in Europe were by mutual consent, declaration of intention to marry and upon the subsequent physical union of the parties. The couple would promise verbally to each other that they would be married to each other; the presence of a priest or witnesses was not required. This promise was known as the "verbum." If made in the present tense (e.g., "I marry you"), it was unquestionably binding; if made in the future tense ("I will marry you"), it would constitute a betrothal. But if the couple proceeded to have sexual relations, the union was a marriage. One of the functions of churches from the Middle Ages was to register marriages, which was not obligatory. There was no state involvement in marriage and personal status, with these issues being adjudicated in ecclesiastical courts.
  • 7.
    • Why are people opposed to it?
    • Marriage is an institution between one man and one woman.
    • Says who? The Bible? The legal act of getting married is not the same as the religious ceremony. Untill the 1967 ruling by the Supreme Court interracial marriage was a felony crime in some states.
    • Same-sex couples aren't the optimum environment in which to raise children. 
    • Given that fact that alcoholics, murderers, convicted felons  even known sexual predators are allowed to marry and procreate makes it hard for that argument to hold water. (Think about it they let Michael Jackson keep his kids!)
    • Marriage is traditionally a heterosexual institution.
    • Slavery was also a traditional institution going back thousands of years just ask Moses.
    Gay Marriage and Gay Marriage Laws
  • 8.
    •   The federal government of the United States does not recognize same-sex marriage, under the Defense of Marriage Act, but same-sex marriage is currently legal in three states, California, Massachusetts and Connecticut.
    • What is the Defense of Marriage Act?
    • It is a federal law passed on September 21, 1996 the bill was passed by Congress by a vote of 85-14 in the Senate and a vote of 342-67 in the House of Representatives, and was signed by President Bill Clinton.
    • No state (or other political subdivision within the United States) need treat a relationship between persons of the same sex as a marriage, even if the relationship is considered a marriage in another state.
    • The Federal Government may not treat same-sex relationships as marriages for any purpose, even if concluded or recognized by one of the states.
    Gay Marriage and Gay Marriage Laws
  • 9. Adoption
    • Florida remains the only state that prohibits homosexuals from adopting.
    • All other states either allow it or have no law that addresses the issue.
    • The same states that allow adoption now challenge the religious groups within their state that do not agree.
    • The Catholic Church, one of the largest agencies that handle difficult adoptions, has requested exemption from all state laws citing separation of church and state. They have stated they will stop all adoption services before they will adopt to this group of people.
    • A recent study shows:
    • In 1990 there were an estimated 300,000 to 500,000 children living in same- sex households.
    • Today 2% of the nation’s 3 million same -sex households include adopted children.
  • 10.
    • Facts and Myths about Homosexual Adoptions
    • Myth #1: Gays are likely to molest children.
    • Fact: In fact, straight, white men account for the group most likely to molest children.
    • Myth #2: Children raised in same-sex families are poorly adjusted.
    • Fact: The American Academy of Pediatrics shows that children being raised in gay households function just as well cognitively, socially, and emotionally as children of heterosexual parents.
    • Myth #3: Gays recruit children.
    • Fact: Being raised in a gay household does not make a child anymore or any less likely to become gay. In fact, most studies suggest sexual orientation is probably determined before birth occurs.
  • 11. Hate Crimes
    •   -What is a hate crime?
    • -States that include sexual orientation in their hate crime laws: AZ, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, IL, IA, KY, LA, ME, MA, MN, NE, NV, NH, NJ, NY, OR, RI, TN, VT, WA, WI -States that do not include sexual orientation in their hate crime laws: AL, AR, CO, GA, ID, MD, MI, MS, MO, MT, NC, ND, OH, OK, PA, SD, TX, UT, VA, WV -States that do not have hate crime laws: AK, HI, IN, KS, NM, SC, WY
  • 12.
    • Brandon Teena
    • December 12, 1972 – Dec 31, 1993
    • Humboldt, Nebraska
    • Transsexual raped and killed by male acquaintances after they found out she was biologically female.
    • Film: “Boys Don’t Cry”
    • -Matthew Shepard
    • December 1, 1978 – Oct 12, 1998
    • Laramie, Wyoming
    • College student kidnapped and fatally attacked Oct 7: robbed, pistol-whipped, tortured, and tied to a fence in a rural area and left to die.
    • Play/Film: “The Laramie Project”
    • -Larry King
    • Jan 13, 1993 – Feb 12, 2008
    • Oxnard, CA
    • “ E.O Green School Shooting”
    • 15 year old boy shot in computer class by the 14 year old boy he had a crush on.
    • Legal Term: “Gay panic defense”
    Hate Crimes
  • 13. Homophobia an Informal Survey
    • What do you think causes homosexuality?
    • Friends/Environments 53%, Genetics 29%, Don't Know 16%, Demons 2%
    • Do you think that it is something that you can grow out of?
    • Yes 35%, No 39%, Don't Know 26%.
    • When do you think that most people know that they are a homosexual?
    • Adolescences 45%, At birth 2%, Don't Know 20%, Feelings 31%, Adult 2%.
    • Do you believe in homosexual marriages?
    • yes 33%, No 57%, Don't Know 10%.
  • 14.
    • Do you believe that homosexual couples should be allowed to adopt?
    • Yes 51%, No 43%, Don't Know 6%
    • Given the problems that homosexuals face, would you accept your child as a homosexual?
    • Yes 65%, No 31%, don't know 4%.
    Homophobia an Informal Survey