Gender and Emotions Mylea Holloway Sociology 235 August 18, 2010
Define: Emotional Intelligence <ul><li>Perceiving emotions-the ability to detect and decipher emotions in faces, pictures, voices and cultural artifacts-including the ability to identify one’s own emotions. Perceiving emotions represents a basic aspect of emotional intelligence, as it makes all other processing of emotional information possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Using emotions-the ability to harness emotions to facilitate various cognitive activities, such as thinking and problem solving. The emotionally intelligent person can capitalize fully upon his or her changing moods in order to best fit the task at hand in society. </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding emotions-the ability to comprehend emotion language and to appreciate complicated relationships among emotions. For example, understanding emotions encompasses the ability to be sensitive to slight variations between emotions, and the ability to recognize and describe how emotions evolve over time. </li></ul><ul><li>Managing emotions-the ability to regulate emotions in both ourselves and in others. Therefore, the emotionally intelligent person can harness emotions, even negative ones, and manage them to achieve intended goals. </li></ul>
Hypothesis: <ul><li>Are men emotional? Can men identify the feelings and emotions others have in our society? </li></ul>
Men and Emotions <ul><li>I believe that men do have emotions and are just as in touch with them as women seem to be. Our culture has made it a challenge for men to express these emotions, but nonetheless they are still there. </li></ul><ul><li>Men are slowly presenting this trait and I hope the study proves that they are in fact emotional beings in this world of ours. They are aware of others, and what another may be feeling. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional Intelligence is important for all of us to carry wisely. It helps us cope with the world around us, and helps us make decisions. Especially decisions within our work place, home life, and within our society. </li></ul>
Parson’s Functional Theory of Gender: <ul><li>Parson’s functional theory about gender are; “predicts male-female differences in subjective feelings and expressive behavior that are generally consistent with cultural beliefs about men’s and women’s emotion. Expression rules are cultural norms that specify the appropriate type, intensity, duration and target of subjective feeling (or internal experience) (American Journal of Sociology pg. 1139, 2004).” </li></ul>
Kemper’s Structural Theory of Emotions: <ul><li>Description of Kemper’s structural theory are; “cultural beliefs about emotions influence individuals feeling and expressions visa-versa feeling and expression norms that specify the emotions individuals should and should not feel and express in given situations (American Journal of Sociology pg. 1138, 2004).” </li></ul>
Participants and Method of Procedure: <ul><li>Approximately 30 individuals tested, 15 men and 15 women, randomly picked and in ages ranging from 25-70. Participants were not aware of the hypothesis or the reasoning behind them taking these surveys. </li></ul><ul><li>Online survey given to each participant . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Intelligence survey: http://testyourself.psychtests.com/staticid/189 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>125 questions ~ 25-30 minutes </li></ul></ul></ul>
Results: Emotional Intelligence and Gender Sex Age Emotional Intelligence FEMALE 26 3.13 FEMALE 30 2.43 FEMALE 37 3.18 FEMALE 38 2.95 FEMALE 38 3.15 FEMALE 40 2.57 FEMALE 41 3.2 FEMALE 43 3 FEMALE 45 3.33 FEMALE 47 2.6 FEMALE 49 3.2 FEMALE 54 3.25 FEMALE 55 3.43 FEMALE 56 2.96 FEMALE 57 2.82 AVERAGE 43.7 3.01 Sex Age Emotional Intelligence MALE 26 2.85 MALE 27 3.25 MALE 28 2.9 MALE 29 3.45 MALE 37 3.25 MALE 42 1.75 MALE 43 3.18 MALE 46 2.8 MALE 47 3.43 MALE 49 2.55 MALE 49 2.55 MALE 51 3.45 MALE 56 3.08 MALE 60 3.1 MALE 67 3.1 AVERAGE 43.8 2.98
Conclusion: <ul><li>When we look at the total average of men’s emotional intelligence we see it is 2.98, and when we look at the total average for females emotional intelligence we see it is 3.01. Those are very similar to one another and not as far off as society say’s they are. Men are emotional creatures and I think that this data proves that men do carry the traits that women do. Society thinks men are consistently less accurate at interpreting unspoken messages in gestures; facial expression and tone of voice, but with the numbers provide in this data that is obviously not the case. Both men and women are capable of acknowledging feelings and emotions in others and in themselves. </li></ul>
References: <ul><li>American Journal of Sociology (2004). Gender and Emotions in the United State: Do men and women differ in self-reports of feelings and expressive behavior? American Journal of Sociology 109(5), pp. 1137-76. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Society of South Africa (2007). Emotional intelligence: an integral part of positive psychology. South African Journal of Psychology, 40(1), pp. 54-62. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Society of South Africa (2007). The relationship between thinking styles and emotional intelligence: and exploratory study. South African Journal of Psychology 39(3), pp. 357-375. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Sociology of Health & Illness (1993). Pain perceptions, emotions and gender Gilliam Bendelow. Sociology of Health & Illness, 15(3), pp. 274-290. </li></ul>
Thank you for your attention! Mylea Holloway
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