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REPORTED SPEECH - STATEMENTS‘I went to London last week’, said John
REPORTED SPEECH - STATEMENTSJohn said (that) he had gone to London the week before.John told us (that) he had gone to London …Changes:- (S + reporting verb)- Personal pronoun: I ---- He- Past Simple ---- Past Perfect- Time expression: last week --- the week before
REPORTED SPEECH YES / NO QUESTIONS‘Have you got a pencil?’, he asked.
REPORTED SPEECH YES / NO QUESTIONS He asked me if I had a pencil.Changes:- (S + reporting verb ASK + indirect object)- Personal pronoun: you --- I- Present simple ---- Past Simple
REPORTED SPEECH WH- QUESTIONS‘How old is your father?’, Iasked.
REPORTED SPEECH WH- QUESTIONS He asked me how old my father was.Structure:- S + reporting verb ASK + Object + interr. Part. + S+ V.- Verbal tense change: present ---- past
REPORTED SPEECH - ORDERS ‘Come here’, he said.‘Don’t speak’, the teacher said.
REPORTED SPEECH - ORDERS He told me to come there. The teacher ordered us not to speak.Structure: S + reporting verb + object + (not) to + infinitive+ C.Changes: here --- there
REPORTED SPEECH - SUGGESTIONS ‘Let’s go to Mike’s party’, he said.‘Why don’t we go to Mike’s party?’
REPORTED SPEECHHe suggested going to the cinema.Structure 1: S + reporting verb + gerund + C. He suggested that we go to the cinema.Structure 2: S + reporting verb + that + S + inf. + C