Implementing Bushmeat Solutions in East Africa; the Tsavo Project


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This is one of the presenation I gave in Wasgington DC at WWF US, during my November 2009 tour of the US where I talked about the the Buhsmeat probelm in East Africa at various venues including JGI, FWS, USAID.

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Implementing Bushmeat Solutions in East Africa; the Tsavo Project

  1. 1. BUSHMEAT SOLUTIONS USING AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO COMBAT THE BUSHMEAT PROBLEM IN THE TSAVO ECOSYSTEM Project Manager: Iregi Mwenja Project Duration: Aug. 2009 – July 2010 A presentation to WWF 19th November 2009 MONSANTO FUND
  2. 2. WHAT IS BUSHMEAT The bushmeat trade is the illegal overhunting of wildlife for meat and income. Demand in East Africa is driven by; Rapidly increasing human populations, Escalating poverty, Prevailing famine, Political chaos, Weak law enforcement, Inadequate awareness High food prices - GFC
  3. 3. USFWS MENTOR FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM Wildlife Without Borders – Africa Cooperative Agreement: 1. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), 2. College of African Wildlife Management- Mweka, Tanzania (Mweka), 3. Africa Biodiversity Collaborative Group (ABCG) A "Model” Mentored Fellowship Program ( multidisciplinary, academic and field-based professional development training approach that engaged experts to collaboratively train a team of working professionals team works together to lead efforts to reduce illegal bushmeat exploitation at local, national, and regional levels in eastern Africa.
  4. 4. The Bushmeat-free Eastern Africa Network (BEAN), an interdisciplinary and multi-institutional network consisting of different stakeholders, that emerged out of the MENTOR Program to implement and expand upon efforts on illegal bushmeat exploitation developed through the training.
  5. 5. ONGOING BEAN ACTIVITIES 1. Protein and income alternative Katavi (poultry) Murchison falls ( Livestock) Tsavo (fish/chicken) 2. Law enforcement Masai Mara, Murchison, Boma, Serengeti 3. Education/awareness 1. Tsavo, Masai Mara
  6. 6. ASSESSMENT FINDINGS? Assessment findings At least 50% wildlife decline in last 30 years Bushmeat No. one direct cause of wildlife loss Bushmeat trade supports unmet needs for income and protein among the poor Economic incentives for private land owners to protect wildlife outside PAs is essential
  7. 7. Project location
  8. 8. WHY TSAVO WEST Degradation of the L. Jipe and its catchment resulted in; Loss of lake & basin’s ecological and socio-economic values Collapse of the fisheries industries in last decade The problem is exacerbated; high population growth rate - immigration High squatter population Human wildlife conflict Drought
  9. 9. PROJECT GOAL Overall Objective Reduce the illegal trade in bushmeat in Taveta and the surrounding areas Specific Objectives To raise awareness on the illegal bushmeat trade. To build the capacity of local CBOs on fish farming. To enhance access to competitively priced alt. protein Develop customized bushmeat education materials Train environmental educators on bushmeat education
  10. 10. KEY ACTIVITIES Training on alternative sustainable livelihoods Bushmeat education outreach Training for Bushmeat educators Development of customized bushmeat education materials for Tsavo Initiating alternative protein projects – fish farming and chicken production
  11. 11. ACHIEVEMENTS SO FAR Training workshop on livelihoods and institutional capacity strengthening for 10 CBOs Five Fish farming project initiated/ rehabilitated. Three CBOs have already received fish fingerlings Bushmeat awareness outreach activities done 200 copies of Swara donated to schools Bushmeat play developed and played on Kenyatta day
  12. 12. ONGOING ACTIVITIES 1. Fish pond rehabilitation in Mrabani, Mahoo, Ndarajani and Kiwalwa 2. Training for bushmeat Educators 3. Chicken vaccination against ND 4. More education outreach 5. More education materials 6. Construction of a hatchery
  13. 13. CHALLENGES 1. High cost of constructing/rehabilitating concrete fish ponds 2. High cost of fingerlings only available in Mombasa 350 km away 3. Inadequate of information on the implementation conservation and development projects
  14. 14. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Donors; USFWS – Training and Education project Grant Monsanto Fund - Alternative protein and income project CBOL – Travel bursary to Mexico/DC Project Partners; 1. KWS 2. Fisheries department 3. WSPA 4. Veterinary department Others include; Herbert R, Sarah B, Richard R, Kaka A, 5. KWFT Natalie B. Becha H, 6. DSWT
  15. 15. Thank you for listening