Bernard Weiner Was the man behind attribution theory, which is to figure out why people do what they do. Three stage process: 1. Behavior must be observed 2. Behavior must be determined to be intentional 3. Behavior attributed to internal or external causes His theory is mainly about achievement. If you do well it’s because you have skill, if others succeed, they are lucky. Has three casual dimensions, locus of control, stability and controllability
John Sweller Came up with cognitive load theory of multimedia learning which focus the load on working memory during instruction. Three different types of loads Intrinsic cognitive load- all instruction has an inherit difficulty associated with it. Extraneous cognitive load- teacher has the choice of how difficult it will be by the way they teach it Germane cognitive load- dedicated to the processing, construction and automation of schemas
Richard Mayer Did cognitive theory of multimedia learning says that you process with auditory and visuals, you can only take in a limited amount of info at a time, and learning is an active process.
Charles Reigeluth Did elaboration theory which basically is, you should learn things from simple to complex order. Principle of the subject should be taught first followed by a broad overview of it and finishing with a specific, detailed part of it to elaborate.
Jean Piaget Did the stage theory of cognitive development which is a description of cognitive development that children go through Sensorimotor stage- (birth to 2), learns about the world around itself by interacting with the world around it. Preoperational stage- (2-4), can’t yet grasp conceptual ideas and needs actual situations to learn Concrete operations- (7-10), can now think abstractly and conceptualize. Formal operations- (11-15), is now able to use hypothetical and deductive reasoning
Cognitivism The learner is viewed as an information processor Believe people are rational beings and require active participation to learn Focuses on the inner mental activities
Teaching with technology With technology you could teach this by using computer programs to show the students different types of ways to learn the subject being learned If essentially this theory is the mind is like a information processor, then feed it more information.
Teaching without technology Teching under this theory without technology is still possible Books will be used instead of computers and that will make the information a lot harder to find. All it does is slow down when the student can get the information and not whether or not the student can learn it
Students The students under this theory will be just fine with or without technology. The theory is all about understanding how people learn and how people need to be active in the learning process to learn. As long as the student puts forth an effort, technology won’t be absolutely neccesary.
How I would teach Under this theory, I would personnaly use technology because it will get the information to the students faster. I will assume all are able to learn it as long as they put forth an effort, which works because students need to be active in the lesson to work. So, work involving students will be used.
Credit Images were all came from powerpoint clip art. Information was found at: http://www.learning- theories.com/
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