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From ancient times to the present day, builders has used a wide variety of materials for construction. In construction today, the most commmon materials that we use are stone,plaster,cement, mortar, concrete and ceramics. Each part of a house is made of a different material. Advances in materials technology have led to advances in construction techniques.
1st. Grind the chalk and the limestone 2nd. Ground limestone and chalk are calcinated at 1450ºC in a “kiln”. The mixture that we obtain is called “clinker”. 3rd.Clinker is ground again with a bit of Gypsum. 4th. All the ingredients are mixed with the clinker and the gypsum.
- Bricks are harder than mortar. When the cracks appear in the mortar they can develop in a straight line, so the crak stop at the next brick.
STEPS OF CONSTRUCTING A BUILDING The first thing obviously is to achieve, but also the land, plans and licenses that you need to do the work. Then he dug the foundation. After digging, place the concrete cleaning, at least 10 cm thick. This helps keep the surface is clean, which will make the job easier when it comes to the wrought iron. Then put the rod area and stirrups. The cast also rises to 10 cm of soil. It is made with concrete separators remove iron from the bottom, and when appropriate to concrete, iron will be involved.
STEPS OF CONSTRUCTING A BUILDING After the foundation, you begin to lift the wall that will hold the suspended floor, the first level of the home. This wall is 30 cm wide, if the house will have basement is made from it. PVC tubes are inserted in the walls, holes made for this, which serve to ventilate the area when the cover slab. Proceed to place the beams, the rods to the pillars. Slabs placed between the beams. This is where bands are made of straw on the beams to create the perimeter of the house.
STEPS OF CONSTRUCTING A BUILDING Drains and pipes through which electrical current flows and the phone is installed and they are united under the ground. On the beams, almost leaving the perimeter, they are placed is called negative rods, they prevent them pay to the time of loading, and mallazgos to cover the entire surface. With the foundation and the slab of the basement finished, we began construction of two floors of the house. Raising the walls and finishing the entire structure with windows and balconies, exterior facade will be finished.
· CREDITS· Information taked from the internet Images taked from google images Work made by: · Jesús Martínez · Paloma Maján