Mun training by mushfiqul haque mukit

1,685 views

Published on

Published in: Career, Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,685
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
695
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Mun training by mushfiqul haque mukit

  1. 1. DPS Noida MUN Club Estd. 2004 Recognised 2008 EWU-MUN LEAGUE Delegate Training 2013 Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit mukit.3star@gmail.com
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES Objectives  Introducing an MUN Conference terminologies rules and procedures documents involved and their formats resolution writing handling emergencies lobbying tactics Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  3. 3. Introduction INTRODUCTION  United Nations Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION Introduction  Model United Nations Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION Introduction      Principal Goal of Participating in MUN: to get a better understanding of the different problems in the world today and develop and debate on solutions to these problems. Participants take up the roles as diplomats and participate in a simulation of a body of the UN system. Participants get to know different countries‟ situations in an issue. They discuss with an ultimate goal of international cooperation. The product of the discussion is the resolution. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  6. 6. Terminology TERMINOLOGY Delegates   Representatives of member states Delegates converse in Formal Speech Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  7. 7. Terminology TERMINOLOGY Placard  A card which shows the name of the country Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  8. 8. Terminology TERMINOLOGY Dais Table Chairperson Vice-chairperson Rapporteur Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  9. 9. Terminology TERMINOLOGY Facilitators/Conference Staff passing notes facilitate communication Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  10. 10. Terminology TERMINOLOGY Points     Point of Point of Inquiry Point of Point of Personal Privilege Parliamentary Procedure or Point of Order Information Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  11. 11. TERMINOLOGY  Point of Order : Points of order are used when delegates believe the chair has made an error in the running of the committee. Delegates rising to points of order may not speak on the substance of the matter under discussion. They should only specify the errors they believe were made in the formal committee procedure.  Point of Parliamentary Procedure or Point of Inquiry: When the floor is open (i.e., no other delegate is speaking), a delegate may rise to a point of inquiry in order to ask the chairperson a question regarding the rules of procedure.  Point of Personal Privilege: Points of personal privilege are used to inform the chairperson of a physical discomfort a delegate is experiencing, such as the inability to hear another delegate‟s speech.  Point of Information: After a delegate has given a speech in formal debate, he or she may yield time to points of information, or questions from other delegates Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit concerning the speech.
  12. 12. TERMINOLOGY Motions: Can only be entertained when the floor is open. Motion To: • Suspend the Meeting – for the purpose of caucus • Adjourn Meeting – ending session until next session (lunch etc.) • Table Debate – suspend debate (can be resumed later) • Close Debate – end debate to move for voting (cannot be resumed later) • Appeal the Chair’s Decision Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  13. 13. Document DOCUMENTS 4 documents usually found in MUN  Position paper  Working paper  Draft resolution  Resolution Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  14. 14. Document DOCUMENTS  Position paper: a document describing the current situation of a country regarding the issue and the country‟s stance. Standard Marking Scheme: (Out of 10) 1. Format: 2 (1. Font Arial, Size 12, Single side A4, Formal Language) 2. Intro: 1 (-> Definition -> History) 3. Content: 2 (Present situation, past action (both UN and country), quotes, treaties, laws, facts and figures) 4. Appeal: 2 (Overall Impact) 5. Solutions: 3 (Innovative solutions which are practical as well will be marked higher) Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque * Bonus mark for UN definitions. Mukit
  15. 15. DOCUMENTS Working paper: A document supported by 1/10 of delegations as signatories. The document addresses several issues that need to be dealt with in the topic and highlight ideas and possible solutions. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  16. 16. Document DOCUMENTS  Draft Resolution: a document that addresses the solutions to the problem and measures to be taken by a Model UN committee. If it is passed by the committee, the draft resolution will become the resolution. Only 1 resolution can be passed for each topic. Must be passed with simple majority to become the resolution. Every point must start with an operative clause. Each section is subject to amendments (simple majority) Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  17. 17. DOCUMENTS Tips for Resolution Writing: •Be sure to follow the format for resolutions provided by the conference organizers. Each conference may have a slightly different format. •Create a detailed resolution. For example, if your resolution calls for a new program, think about how it will be funded and what body will manage it. •Try to cite facts whenever possible. •Be realistic. Do not create objectives for your resolution that cannot be met. Make sure your body can take the action suggested. For example, the General Assembly can‟t sanction another country – only the Security Council can do so. •Try to find multiple sponsors. Your committee will be more likely to approve the resolutions if many delegates contribute ideas. •Preambulatory clauses are historic justifications for action. Use them to cite past resolutions, precedents and statements about the purpose of action. •Operative clauses are policies that the resolution is designed to create. Use them to explain what the committee will do to address the issue. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  18. 18. TERMINOLOGY •Preambulatory Clauses The preamble of a draft resolution states the reasons for which the committee is addressing the topic and highlights past international action on the issue. Each clause begins with a present participle (called a preambulatory phrase) and ends with a comma. Preambulatory clauses can include: References to the UN Charter; Citations of past UN resolutions or treaties on the topic under discussion; Mentions of statements made by the Secretary-General or a relevant UN body or agency; Recognition of the efforts of regional or nongovernmental organizations in dealing with the issue; and General statements on the topic, its significance and its impact. •Operative Clauses Operative clauses identify the actions or recommendations made in a resolution. Each operative clause begins with a verb (called an operative phrase) and ends with a semicolon. Operative clauses should be organized in a logical progression, with each containing a single idea or proposal, and are always numbered. If a clause requires further explanation, bulleted lists set off by letters or roman numerals can also be used. After the last operative clause, the resolution ends in a period. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  19. 19. Heading Address the General Assembly Preambulary Clauses Operative Clauses Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  20. 20. Flow of Debate Agenda setting Discussion Draft Resolution & Debate Voting END Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  21. 21. Flow of Debate -> Roll Call -> Present -> Present and Voting Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  22. 22. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting 1st step  Agenda Setting Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  23. 23. Agenda Setting Draft resolution & Debate Discussion Voting Agenda setting:  Delegates are given 2 topics for each committee and due to limitation of time, delegates vote on the topic they prefer to talk about first. *Reminder: you are supposed to prepare for both!  The floor is first open, allowing “motions” to set the agenda. *Reminder: don’t speak before the Chair addresses you by your country name! Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  24. 24. Agenda Setting Discussion Provisional Speakers‟ List Motion to put topic area A FIRST in agenda Draft resolution & Debate Closure of Debate •At least 2 pairs must speak •F  A  F A… •Motion of closure of debate can be raised •2 speakers opposing the motion (closure of debate), •2/3 majority to pass Voting VOTING •> ½ to PASS •If does not PASS  the other topic automatically becomes the first Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  25. 25. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting  A delegate raises a motion “to put topic area A/B first on the agenda”  A „Provisional‟ speakers‟ list will then be drawn.  Delegates may raise your placard to add your countries‟ name on the list, either speaking for or against the motion. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  26. 26. Agenda Setting Delegates Discussion speak in the order: China USA Iraq Brazil Draft resolution & Debate Voting Provisional Speakers’ List no 1 yielding For Against China USA Iraq … Brazil min per speech Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  27. 27. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Finally, delegates will vote on the motion (to put topic area A..). It only requires a simple majority to pass. If the motion fails, another topic will automatically be put first on the agenda. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  28. 28. Agenda Setting e.g. Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Motion to put topic area A – orphan Crisis on the 1st of the agenda Yes No 1 4 Then topic area B will automatically become the 1st topic on the agenda without further discussion. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  29. 29. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting 2nd step  Discussion Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  30. 30. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate General Speakers’ List  Delegates can speak according to the order on the general speakers’ list. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting General Speakers’ List USA China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  31. 31. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate General Speakers’ List The general speakers’ list is drawn after the agenda is set. Delegates can add their countries’ name on the list by: 1. Raising placard on the chair’s request 2. Sending a note to dais Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting General Speakers’ List USA China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  32. 32. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate General Speakers’ List 1 min. per speech which can be changed during the course of discussion Yielding Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting General Speakers’ List USA China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  33. 33. Terminology TERMINOLOGY Yielding Each speaker has a limited speaking time. Yielding occurs when the speakers do not utilize all their speaking time. Yield to the executive board Yield to Points of Information Yield to comment P.S.Executive Board can ask you questions anytime they want. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  34. 34. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate General Speakers’ List The floor is open between 2 speakers. Voting General Speakers’ List USA Delegates can raise any points or motions. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  35. 35. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Moderated Caucus The purpose of a moderated caucus is to facilitate the debate on a particular area. Delegates can motion to have a moderated caucus when the floor is open between each speaker. Purpose Duration Speaking time per speech General Speakers’ List USA China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  36. 36. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Moderated Caucus When the chair receives a motion to have a moderated caucus, the committee will vote on this motion. Voting General Speakers’ List USA It requires a simple majority to pass. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  37. 37. Agenda Setting Draft resolution & Debate Discussion Moderated Caucus After the motion passes, the general speakers’ list will be temporarily suspended. General Speakers’ List USA The chair will recognize delegates who raise their placard to speak. Generally the speaker who proposes the Caucus is given the first chance to speak. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  38. 38. Agenda Setting Discussion Moderated Caucus The moderated caucus will end when its duration proposed by the delegate exhausts. The general speakers’ list will resume. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Draft resolution & Debate Voting General Speakers’ List USA China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  39. 39. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Unmoderated Caucus Delegates may also raise a motion to have an unmoderated caucus when the floor is open. Delegates may discuss a specific area in an unmoderated caucus. Voting General Speakers’ List USA Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  40. 40. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Unmoderated Caucus A motion to have an unmoderated caucus requires a simple majority to pass Delegates may walk around the chamber freely during an unmoderated caucus Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting General Speakers’ List USA China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  41. 41. Agenda Setting Draft resolution & Debate Discussion Unmoderated Caucus It is in an Unmoderated Caucus that delegates should formulate working papers/draft resolutions and also work towards forming „blocs‟. General Speakers’ List USA The general speakers’ list will resume when the time of an unmoderated caucus Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque exhausts. Mukit Voting China Brazil Iraq DPRK … …
  42. 42. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Use of notes Delegates may send notes to anybody in the chamber at any time Facilitators will help you transfer the note paper. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  43. 43. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Tips for effective caucusing: •Enter the caucus with a plan in mind: Formulate ideas on what your country would like to see included in a resolution. Decide which clauses you are willing to negotiate on and which you are not. •Find delegates in your regional bloc: This is the easiest way to seek out allies. However, if you find that the group you are working with is not meeting your needs, do not be afraid to switch groups. •Provide ideas: Tell others what your country is hoping to achieve. If you do not agree with an idea, do not hesitate to say that it is against your country‟s policy. •Negotiate: While it is often necessary to give up something that you want, make sure that you are not giving up anything too important. •Listen: By listening to what others are saying you will able to build on other people‟s ideas and add more to the discussion. Listening also shows respect for each delegate in your group. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  44. 44. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Tips for effective caucusing: •Do not interrupt: Allow other delegates to finish their thoughts rather than interrupting others in the middle of a sentence. It sometimes helps to write down your idea so that you can bring it up when the delegate is finished speaking. •Record ideas: Start to formulate a resolution in writing. Rather than waiting until the last minute, begin recording fellow delegates‟ ideas right away. •Be resourceful: By providing fellow delegates with resolution text, maps or information as they need it, you will show that you are valuable to the group. •Have one-on-one conversations: Speaking with an individual or in a small group is the best way to find out a delegate‟s position on an issue. Larger groups are better suited to brainstorming. •Stay calm: In caucuses, delegates can sometimes “lose their cool.” Staying calm will not only help your group be more effective, but will be noticed by the conference staff. Always keep your voice at a normal level. If you see that you are Haque Trainer: Mushfiqul becoming upset or raising your voice, excuse yourself from the group for a few minutes. Mukit
  45. 45. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Tips for effective caucusing: •Use time effectively: Make sure you have enough time to hear everyone‟s ideas so that you can discuss them during formal debate. Try not to waste time arguing over small details that do not seriously affect the draft resolution. •Show respect: Never give orders or tell other delegates what they should or should not do. Be polite and treat all your fellow delegates with respect. •Provide constructive critique: Rather than negatively criticizing another delegate, focus on providing constructive critique. If you dislike an idea, try to offer an alternative. Critique ideas, not people. •Establish connections with other delegates: Although it can be tempting to call a fellow delegate “Pakistan,” “Brazil” or “Sweden”, you can form a better connection with a delegate by learning his or her name and where he or she comes from. Ask the delegate about his or her ideas and impressions of the debate. Showing interest in your fellow delegates at the beginning of the conference will help you gain more support later on and can help you to form lasting friendships. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting
  46. 46. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting 3rd step  Draft resolution & debate Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  47. 47. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting When the discussion goes on and many solutions and much opinion has already thrown out, some delegates may start writing their draft resolutions. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  48. 48. Agenda Setting     Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Signatories: 1/3 of the committee Approved by Chairperson, then distributed to other delegations Given an order number (e.g. DR 1.1, 1.2, etc.) Amendment by any country  introduce  vote Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  49. 49. TERMINOLOGY •Sponsors of a draft resolution are the principal authors of the document and agree with its substance. Although it is possible to have only one sponsor, this rarely occurs at the UN, since countries must work together to create widely agreeable language in order for the draft resolution to pass. Sponsors control a draft resolution and only the sponsors can approve immediate changes. •Signatories are countries that may or may not agree with the substance of the draft resolution but still wish to see it debated so that they can propose amendments. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  50. 50. TERMINOLOGY •A friendly amendment is a change to the draft resolution that all sponsors agree with. After the amendment is signed by all of the draft resolution‟s sponsors and approved by the committee director or president, it will be automatically incorporated into the resolution. •An unfriendly amendment is a change that some or all of the draft resolution‟s sponsors do not support and must be voted upon by the committee. The author(s) of the amendment will need to obtain a required number of signatories in order to introduce it (usually 20 percent of the committee). Prior to voting on the draft resolution, the committee votes on all unfriendly amendments. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  51. 51. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate 4th step  Voting Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting
  52. 52. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Types of vote Substantive vote Procedural vote Roll call vote Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting
  53. 53. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Substantive vote : passing draft resolution  simple majority Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  54. 54. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Voting Procedural vote: Closure of debate  2/3 majority All other votes (e.g. pass a motion of agenda setting, motion to introduce working paper…)  simple majority Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  55. 55. Agenda Setting Discussion Draft resolution & Debate Roll Call voting:       passing Draft Resolution yes No yes/no with rights Pass abstain Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit Voting
  56. 56. Q & A session Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  57. 57. Research Guidelines Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  58. 58. Committee & Topics Starting with official website Body’s History Purpose Function & Position UN system Important Decisions  Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  59. 59. Committee & Topics Topics Research Past Resolution NGO’s Actions & Reports Blocs Studies Current Affairs  Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  60. 60. Two Kinds of Information  Objective –   General Idea and Facts CIA world factbook Subjective –  Detailed Study Wikipedia Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  61. 61. Research Directions  Research Your Country’s Past Actions  Views on the topic  Proposals it supports and DOES NOT support  Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  62. 62. ALSO Research Potential Allies  Potential Enemies (People you disagree with)  Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  63. 63. DO NOT  DO NOT GET TOO SPECIFIC   There is no need to know incredibly specific numbers or facts DO NOT CONFUSE OBJECTIVE VERSUS RESEARCH  Who are you quoting what’s their view Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  64. 64. EMERGENCY  Importance  How to cope with it? Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  65. 65. LOBBYING  Importance  Lobbying yourself to GLORY :D Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  66. 66. TACTICS General Speakers‟ List (GSL) tips: 1. Put in effect all your public speaking knowledge. (Mirror practice, bla bla) 2. First speech: a. History of topic b. How is your country linked to the topic c. Steps your country/UN/regional bloc has taken d. Steps your country supports/opposes e. Possible measures and suggestions f. Is your country ready to negotiate if its directly linked g. Role of NGO‟s etc. 3. If you haven‟t got an early chance on the GSL change your speech. a. Speak in context to current discussion b. Encourage collaboration/Ask for support for the ideas that have been brought up and those you support c. Reference what other delegates have said. d. Support/Oppose other delegates e. Present ideas for draft resolutions f. Explain why your country does not agree with a specific point Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  67. 67. The following Section is UNRATED Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  68. 68. TACTICS :P Things you shouldn’t do at a MUN conference: 1. DO NOT let down your formal guard EVER no matter how comfortable you feel. 2. DO NOT use personal pronouns. 3. DO NOT challenge your chair unless you can back it up or show attitude towards the executive board. 4. DO NOT stand on chairs or tables irrespective of how vertically challenged you are. There are always more subtle ways to gain attention. 5. DO NOT get too involved with the IP or other delegates for unprofessional reasons. 6. DO NOT make any unnecessary comments about fellow delegates, executive board or the conference. 7. DO NOT hurl abuses or get into physical fights with anyone. 8. DO NOT ever try to fake a fact when your chair's onto you. 9. DO NOT irritate your chair. Be amusing but not irritating. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  69. 69. TACTICS :P EWU-MUN– Backhand Way. *Evil Grin* 1. Procedural Involvement gets you brownie points. 2. Make sure you have something to say every minute even if you just want to add that you think the previous delegate made an important/useless point. (Preferably for small committees and DO NOT over do it) 3. Make sure you know when the lunch and tea breaks are and make those motions at the right time. (Nothing infuriates an Exec Board more than someone raising a caucus at lunch) 4. Backup every allegation with undeniable proof (UN, State Docs and Reuters). 5. Leave your ethics and morals at the table during Unmods. However, do not be rowdy or abusive. If you have to backstab to win, don‟t think twice but remember the most effective weapon is subtlety. 6. Try and test the preferences of your Executive board. See what they like Facts, Allegations, Morality etc. But do not overdo them. 7. Try and get into the groove of your country. E.g. if you are the USA, then humility won‟t do you much good. Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit
  70. 70. TACTICS :P EWU-MUN– Backhand Way. *Evil Grin* 8. Get stuff that most people wouldn‟t get or even think about. Random facts, funny facts, astounding numbers etc. (Associated Researching) 9. Think before hand about Mod Caucuses and initiate as many as you can. 10.Speak, speak and speak specially in Mods. 11.When you are exercising control over a group, always make sure you appear to be doing it through mutual consent. 12.Summarize everything if you are the near the last speaker on the Mod caucus. Also summarize your speech at the end of your turn on the GSL. 13.ALWAYS yield to Points of Information. 14.Emergency/Crisis – The Jackpot. 15.Make full use of notes/chits. (for all purposes :P) 16.Be manipulative. Learn to cook up believable facts. 17.Don‟t be afraid to take on the IP/WP :D But don‟t get on the wrong side of the Exec board. 18.Make full use of free food :P 19.You can also make use of the „networking‟ possibilities. (Optional) Most of all go there to enjoy yourself. If you think tooooooooooooo much about winning, chances are you‟ll miss the fun and the prize.
  71. 71. END Trainer: Mushfiqul Haque Mukit

×