Information Literacy and Online Safety


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Information Literacy and Online Safety

  1. 1. Information Literacy and Online Safety Donna Murray
  2. 2. Information Literacy <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Information Literacy <ul><li>Information literacy is a set of abilities requiring individuals to &quot; recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>American Library Association. Presidential Committee on Information Literacy. Final Report .(Chicago: American Library Association, 1989.) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Media Literacy <ul><li>Media literacy is the ability to access, analyze, evaluate and create information in a variety of media formats including print and non-print. It is mindful viewing , and reflective judgement . It is a new, expanded view of traditional literacy. </li></ul><ul><li>David Considine </li></ul>
  5. 5. Videos Information R/evolution
  6. 6. Information Literacy <ul><li>This year… </li></ul><ul><li>70 exabytes or 70 billions gigabytes of new information online </li></ul><ul><li>Equivalent to 518,000 Libraries of Congress </li></ul>
  7. 7. Information Literacy <ul><li>Evolution (revolution) of information </li></ul><ul><li>Digital text </li></ul><ul><li>Categories </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul>
  8. 8. Information Literacy <ul><li>Why does it matter? </li></ul>
  9. 9. ISTE NETS-S National Educational Technology Standards and Performance Indicators for Students <ul><li>Creativity and Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Research and Information Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, and Decision Making </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Citizenship </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Operations and Concepts </li></ul>
  10. 10. ISTE NETS-T National Educational Technology Standards and Performance Indicators for Teachers <ul><li>Facilitate and Inspire Student Learning and Creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Design and Develop Digital-Age Learning Experiences and Assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Model Digital-Age Work and Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Promote and Model Digital Citizenship and Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Engage in Professional Growth and Leadership </li></ul>
  11. 11. NC DPI Future-Ready Students for the 21 st Century <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>NC public schools will product globally competitive students. </li></ul><ul><li>NC public schools will be led by 21 st Century professionals. </li></ul><ul><li>NC public school students will be healthy and responsible. </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership will guide innovation in NC public schools. </li></ul><ul><li>NC public schools will be governed and supported by 21 st Century systems. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Information Literacy <ul><li>Information Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Technology Skills </li></ul>
  13. 13. Web 1.0 and Web 2.0
  14. 16. Skills <ul><li>Information… </li></ul><ul><li>Recognize </li></ul><ul><li>Access </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Create </li></ul>
  15. 17. In the classroom <ul><li>WE must understand… </li></ul><ul><li>…the need for this new literacy </li></ul><ul><li>…the web </li></ul><ul><li>…that the future is unknown </li></ul><ul><li>…the skills our students will need in an unknown future </li></ul>
  16. 18. In the classroom <ul><li>Understanding the web 101 </li></ul>
  17. 19. In the classroom
  18. 20. In the classroom
  19. 21. In the classroom
  20. 22. In the classroom and the Super Three (for younger students): Plan, Do, Review
  21. 23. Pathfinders Save to your website Create a pathfinder Word document Use a social bookmarking site Save shortcut to student folder Google Custom Search
  22. 24. In the classroom
  23. 25. In the classroom My delicious links for information literacy Information literacy lessons (by grade level and topic) Lessons and activities Lesson plan library (elem/middle/high)
  24. 26. Donna Murray
  25. 27. <ul><li>Children today are… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Natives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>online </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>growing up in a world of technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>connected </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>21 st century learners </li></ul></ul></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>Parents today are… </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Immigrants </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>online </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>learning to adapt to technology </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Parents want… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>safety </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>balance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What worries parents… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>predators/strangers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>privacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cyberbullying </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>inappropriate content </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 30. Cookie cutter safety? <ul><li>There is NO failsafe answer to protecting our children online. </li></ul><ul><li>Our biggest ally is education . </li></ul><ul><li>No one can take the place of the parent. </li></ul>
  29. 31. Do the possibilities scare you? Let’s unplug ‘em! Right?...
  30. 32. Why not just unplug? Interactive Engaging Children are connecting, collaborating, communicating. Find, store, create, critique, and share information Harness, evaluate, and create information effectively 21 st century literacy and global citizenship skills Tool for learning Daily life of digital natives Network
  31. 33. <ul><li>What are our children doing online? And how do I keep them safe? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What (and who) is out there? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why not just unplug? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What should I do to keep them safe? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where do I find resources? </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 34. What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online? <ul><li>93% of all Americans between 12 and 17 years old use the internet </li></ul><ul><li>74% of teens now say the computer they use is in a public place in the home </li></ul><ul><li>A large majority of teens (71%) have established online profiles (including those on social networking sites such as MySpace) </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>One in ten young people (13%) reports having a handheld device that connects to the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Among the 96% of young people who have ever gone online, 65% say they go online most often from home, 14% from school, 7% from a friend's house, and 2% from a library or other location. </li></ul><ul><li>65% of high school students admit to unsafe, inappropriate, or illegal activities online </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  34. 36. What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  35. 37. <ul><li>Chat/Instant messaging </li></ul><ul><li>One-to-one chat or many participants “talking” at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Free and easy to access </li></ul><ul><li>Feels anonymous </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  36. 38. <ul><li>Short Message Service (SMS) </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as texting </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online? 13 year old Morgan Pozgar, crowned the National Texting champion
  37. 39. Chat and Instant Messaging Risks Strangers can contact your children It’s hard to monitor Searchable online profiles Cyber-bullying
  38. 40. Chat and Instant Messaging Learn the lingo: What should I do to keep them safe? Check screen names and profile Know your child’s password Use parental controls Stay involved Use log feature with child
  39. 41. <ul><li>Social Networking- For younger children: For older children: </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  40. 42. Social Networking <ul><li>Risks </li></ul><ul><li>World’s largest bulletin board </li></ul><ul><li>No “take-backs” </li></ul><ul><li>Must remember to keep personal info private </li></ul><ul><li>Cyberbullying </li></ul>
  41. 43. Social Networking What should I do to keep them safe? Stress importance of not sharing personal information Real-life lessons apply Keep track of profiles and posts
  42. 44. <ul><li>School work </li></ul><ul><li>Websites, wikis, search engines </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  43. 45. School work / Searching Risks Finding inappropriate material Finding inaccurate resources
  44. 46. School work / Searching What should I do to keep them safe? Filter Parental controls Search engine preferences Discuss validity of resources Kid-friendly sites Effective online searching
  45. 47. <ul><li>Games </li></ul><ul><li>Some single player games, some allow you to interactively play with others around the world. </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  46. 48. <ul><li>File sharing </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  47. 49. File Sharing Risks Computer security and privacy Access to inappropriate material Copyright law
  48. 50. <ul><li>Sharing and viewing photos and videos </li></ul>What (and who) is out there? What are our children doing online?
  49. 51. Photo and video sharing Risks No “take-backs” Can be posted anonymously
  50. 52. Predators… <ul><li>1 in 5 children between the ages of 10 and 17 has received unwanted sexual solicitations online. </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 4 children has been exposed to sexually explicit pictures online without seeking or expecting them. </li></ul>
  51. 53. Predators… <ul><li>The search frequently begins in a chat room. </li></ul><ul><li>They find similar interests, build trust, encourage secrecy, gather personal information (fishing), and play back emotionally what they see in the child (mirroring). </li></ul><ul><li>They groom their victim. </li></ul>
  52. 54. Predators… <ul><li>Warning signs </li></ul><ul><li>Time spent online </li></ul><ul><li>Pornography </li></ul><ul><li>Phone use </li></ul><ul><li>Gifts or packages from someone you don’t know. </li></ul><ul><li>Concealing computer content </li></ul><ul><li>Unsolicited mail and gifts </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior change </li></ul><ul><li>Using different online account </li></ul>
  53. 55. Cyberbullying One in three online teens have experienced online harassment. Girls are more likely to be victims. Most teens say that they are more likely to be bullied offline than online.
  54. 56. Cyberbullying Same principle as playground bullying. Wide audience and anonymity. Character education applies here, just as it does offline. Encourage open communication from your child. <ul><li>If your child is threatened with violence, </li></ul><ul><li>contact law enforcement officials, including SRO </li></ul><ul><li>save the original message </li></ul><ul><li>ISP settings </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  55. 57. Communication is key <ul><li>&quot;We would never show our parents everything that we do online or with our mobile phones and iPods because it would be too shocking and it would cause them to be . . </li></ul><ul><li>afraid or enraged or saddened or disappointed or humiliated or more distant or more controlling or worse , ashamed of me. </li></ul><ul><li>...and we're NOT about to start a bloody battle at home or risk having the computer taken away. So, it is safer to remain silent and deceptive. Besides, you would never understand. Most parents are clueless about our world and what we do with computers.“ </li></ul><ul><li>(June, 2005 - April, 2007) This information was compiled by Donna Sawyer based on feedback from interviews with several hundred children, ages 11-20, in schools, youth groups, and small focus groups in North Carolina. The interviews included students from various cultural backgrounds: India, England, Belgium, South Korea, and Thailand.) </li></ul>
  56. 58. Remember, every child and every family is different. <ul><li>Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Gender(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Temperament </li></ul><ul><li>Maturity </li></ul><ul><li>Computer skills and comfort level </li></ul><ul><li>Values </li></ul>
  57. 59. What should I do to keep them safe? <ul><li>Set Rules… </li></ul><ul><li>Teach your child never to give out personal information </li></ul><ul><li>Treat others as you would like to be treated. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheating, stealing, harming others- wrong ON and OFFline </li></ul><ul><li>Tell parent / other adult if something you see online makes you feel uncomfortable. </li></ul><ul><li>Think before you post. </li></ul>
  58. 60. What should I do to keep them safe? <ul><li>Use Parental Controls… </li></ul><ul><li>Computer in central location </li></ul><ul><li>Consider filtering / monitoring software </li></ul><ul><li>Implement parental controls (ISP, online) </li></ul><ul><li>Virus protection and firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Set guidelines / rules; sign safety agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Use child friendly search engines </li></ul><ul><li>Use the internet WITH your child </li></ul><ul><li>Know your child’s friends </li></ul><ul><li>Consider creating separate accounts on your machine </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of other computers your child is using </li></ul><ul><li>Report “stalking” or sexual exploitation or threats to law enforcement </li></ul>
  59. 61. What should I do to keep them safe? <ul><li>Instill Media Literacy Skills… </li></ul><ul><li>Learn about the internet </li></ul><ul><li>Talk with your child about how to find, analyze, evaluate, interact with, and create information online. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  60. 62. What should I do to keep them safe? Communicate. Know what your child is doing online and who your child is communicating with online. Maintain a dialogue with your children about their lives ONLINE and OFFLINE. Keep it positive. Nothing takes the place of the parent.
  61. 63. What should I do to keep them safe?
  62. 64. Where do I find resources? http://
  63. 66. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License. For more information, visit . Credit info: Donna Murray, Instructional Technology Specialist murraydo at