Missed Opportunities: Inward Focus on Domestic Issues and Parochialism May Lead to a Start-up Delay or “Watered Down” ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015

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Missed Opportunities: Inward Focus on Domestic Issues and Parochialism May Lead to a Start-up Delay or “Watered Down” ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015

Missed Opportunities: Inward Focus on Domestic Issues and Parochialism May Lead to a Start-up Delay or “Watered Down” ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015

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  • 1. The 4th Media » If ASEAN Fails to Create an Effective, Integrated Common Market in 2... Page 1 of 5 M4 English Beijing SHOTS Русский язык 1코리안뉴스 四月网 四月青年社区 博客 百科 ABOUT US Just Another Voice Submit Query Home Opinion Politics Economy Society Environment Culture Video Photos Forum Subscribe: Your email address Submit Query If ASEAN Fails to Create an Effective, Integrated Common Market in 2015, It Will News Feed Comments Feed Be Severely Disadvantaged vis-a-vis China, Top stories US, Japan, and EU, … 1 Attack on Iran during Gulf War Games Unlikely Post Categories: Afghanistan 2 China Daily: Rising Japanese Militarism. Threat of The 4th Media News | Monday, September 24, 2012, 12:14 Beijing New War in Asia? Print 6 3 Who Owns Diaoyu Islands? Historical Documents Dating Back to Ming Dynasty Establish Diaoyu Islands as Chinese Territory Missed Opportunities: Inward Focus on Domestic Issues and Parochialism May Lead to a Start-up Delay or “Watered 4 Together with Russia, China, Too, Tighten Oversight Down” ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015 of US/Western International NGOs 5 Japanese Militarism & Diaoyutai (Senkaku) Island: A Japanese Historian’s View ASEAN potential as a major trade player 6 China’s Defense Chief Warns US Counterpart “To Stay Although the pundits state that the ASEAN Free Trade Area Out Of Islands Row” (AFTA) and ASEAN Economic community (AEC) will be in place 7 PHOTOS of PALESTINE HOLOCAUST: Israeli by 2015, there are signs on the ground in many of the member Army’s Daily Attacks Intend To Terrorise Palestinian nations, this is far from the case. Population into Colonial Submission With the rapid growth and development of China and to a lesser 8 The Guardian: Mass Slaughter of Farm Animals Set to extent India, the ASEAN region has been largely out of global Push Food Prices Up 14% focus in recent times. Although in terms of GDP, the ASEAN region cannot come even close to 9 A New GMO Study: Rats Fed Lifetime of GM Corn matching the other blocks like the China, the US, EU, India, and Japan; trade and consumption Grow Tumors, 70% of Females Die Early: Corporate figures are very interesting. Lobbying, Greed … Exports from the ASEAN region to the rest of the world were USD 1.25 Trillion in 2011, not too far 10 Globalist Sandy Berger, a CFR Member and a behind China at USD 1.89 Trillion, the EU USD 1.79 Trillion, and the US at USD 1.5 Trillion. Bilderberg Attendee, Talks Turkey On Iran Attack ASEAN exports were higher than Japan at USD 800.8 Billion, and India 298.2 Billion. Video +MORE What is even more interesting is that the ASEAN region is also a very high consumption block indicated by its imports from the rest of the world at USD 1.06 Trillion, which was much higher than India at USD 451 Billion, and Japan at USD 794.7 Billion. ASEAN still trails China at USD 1.74 Trillion, with the EU at USD 2 Trillion and US at USD 2.314 Trillion. If one looks at mobile telephone usage as rough indicator of consumption, ASEAN usage (569 million) is much higher than the EU (466 million) and ASEAN has a higher per-capita usage than China and Japan. Finally the population growth rate within the ASEAN block is much higher than any of the other blocks. Table 1. A regional Comparison of Indicators[1]. Country ASEAN US China India Japan EU VIDEO: Kabul Suicide Bomber Targets Foreigners Over Anti-Islam Film Population 621.15 Mil 313.85 Mil 1,343.2 Mil 1,205 Mil 127.36 Mil 503.8 Mil VIDEO: ‘US Could Drone Libya to Death’ Pop. Growth 1.4% 0.899% 0.481% 1.312% (0.077%) 0.212% VIDEO: Palestinians Protesting Economic Stagnation Clash with Police GDP (PPP) 3.33 Tr. 15.04 Tr. 11.29 Tr. 4.46 Tr. 4.389 Tr. 15.39 Tr. VIDEO: Guantanamo Death: ‘We May Never Know How The Person Died’ GDP per Capita 5,361 48,100 8,400 3,700 34,300 34,000 VIDEO: ‘External Syrian Opposition Wants Military Budget Rev. 376.25 Bil. 2.30 Tr. 1.64 Tr. 196.4 Bil. 1.97 tr. 7519 Tr. Intervention Due to Lack of Popular Support’ VIDEO: ‘Judaization’ of Jerusalem Targets Islamic Budget Exp. 411.73 Bil. 3.6 Tr. 1.79 Tr. 308.8 Bil. 2.495 Tr. 8298 Tr. Relics – Muslim Cleric Investment % GDP VIDEO: Quebec Premier Victory Speech: Shots 26.7% 12.4% 54.2% 32.8% 20.9% 18.8% Fired, 1 Dead, Gunman Detainedhttp://www.4thmedia.org/2012/09/24/if-asean-fails-to-create-an-effective-integrated-com... 10/12/2012
  • 2. The 4th Media » If ASEAN Fails to Create an Effective, Integrated Common Market in 2... Page 2 of 5 Exports 1.25 Tr. 1.51 Tr. 1.89 Tr. 298.2 Bil. 800.8 Bil. 1.79 Tr. Photos +MORE Imports 1.06 Tr. 2.314 Tr. 1.74 Tr. 451 Bil. 794.7 Bil. 2.0 Tr. Unemployment 4.89% 17.6% 6.5% 9.8% 4.6% 9.5% Mobile Phone 569 Mil. 279 Mil. 859 Mil. 752 Mil. 121 Mil. 466 Mil. Users Internet Users 83.51 Mil. 498 Mil. 389 Mil. 61.3 Mil. 99.2 Mil 247 Mil. Poverty % 17.8% 15.1% 13.4% 25% 16% 1 2 3 4 Together with Russia, China, Too, Tighten Oversight of US/Western International NGOs This makes the ASEAN region one of the most interesting growth markets in the world. ASEAN as a single trade entity also has the potential to strongly influence world affairs through its trade strength. Most Popular 1 Benghazi Attack: The PEOPLE of LIBYA Resisting The agreement to form the ASEAN Free Trade Area(AFTA) in Singapore back in 1992, and later The WESTs Criminal Conquest and The NATO the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), with the objective of streamlining banking, finance, Powers Are Covering Up transport infrastructure, customers regulations, human capital mobility, and economic policy embodying AFTA by 2015 may potentially enable the region to exercise this influence. 2 Muslim Brotherhood Become What al-Qaeda Were 11 Years Ago: The Latest US-created Terrorist However this promise of great opportunity that could propel much of the ASEAN region into great Group: The False Flag prosperity and influence, may falter due to the current unpreparedness of ASEAN members in most 3 After Russia, US Deploys Missile Shield Against areas of integration. China: Without Acknowledging, The System Is The writer believes that this is not just a lagging schedule, as has been suggested by many, but Targeted Against CHINA most of the region’s members are currently inwardly focused upon their own domestic interests 4 The so-called “Arab Spring” Pays Back in Dollars: which may lead to the failure of achieving the implementation of the AEC by 2015. Arabs Answer to the US Violence Moreover, a parochial rather than any regionally orientated mindset currently persists in Bangkok, 5 Iran Americas Next War: Who Will Save Us? Must Jakarta, Putra Jaya, Manila, Hanoi, and Naypyidaw, suggesting that this position may not change Act to Save Us from Ourselves! in the immediate future. 6 US Military, together with Its NGOs, in Nepal for Inward Focus “Humanitarian Mission”? To Grab Strategic Territory Close to China? Without going into detail, many ASEAN governments are facing watershed issues that may well set out how their respective societies will look for many future generations. Consequently their focus is 7 France, Western NATO Allies Discussing currently inward upon domestic issues. Imposition Of "No-Fly-Zone" Over Syria, as They DID LAST YEAR against LIBYA! The Yinluck Shinawatra led government in Thailand has many deep issues to solve which not only 8 Diaoyutai or Senkaku? Some Research That Shows concern the government’s immediate survival, but the way Thailand may be governed in the future. Japan Annexed Diaoyutai from China Shinawatra must find a way to work with the palace and the military without being seen to betray her peasant constituency in the North-east of the country who very deeply feel many injustices over 9 Together with Russia, China, Too, Tighten the last six years since the coup d’état ousting her brother Taksin Shinawatra. Oversight of US/Western International NGOs In addition there will be a transition to a new monarch in the near future which according to 10 A New GMO Study: Rats Fed Lifetime of GM Corn commentators may bring some uncertainty. This is not to mention the insurgency in the South of Grow Tumors, 70% of Females Die Early: Thailand which has seen an escalation over the last few months, potential floods again over the Corporate Lobbying, Greed ... next few months, which last year devastated industry around Bangkok and surrounding areas, where long term solutions are scant. In Malaysia the Mohd. Najib Tun Razak Barisan Nasional led government has been in power for 55 years and is tired. The opposition Pakatan Rakyat under the leadership of Anwar Ibrahim looks to be in a very strong position for the coming 13th general election that must be held before May 2013. The Barisan Nasional has the fight of its life ahead just to survive and cannot rely on its traditional strong-holds like Johor, Sarawak, and Sabah to carry it through this time. The country has been in a quasi-election mode for some time, and with the focus on survival, there has been little interest in regional issues. In Myanmar, President Thein Sein recently reshuffled the cabinet to reportedly strengthen his own personal position and maintain forward reform momentum. Myanmar is heading down a road of reform where it hasn’t gone before and the potential outcomes are still uncertain. Although Aung San Suu Kyi has been released from house arrest, many foreign governments have dropped sanctions, and the government has made peace settlements with a number of ethnic insurgency groups (yet many more like the Rohingyas need to be solved), there is little focus or interest in the regional issues at this point.http://www.4thmedia.org/2012/09/24/if-asean-fails-to-create-an-effective-integrated-com... 10/12/2012
  • 3. The 4th Media » If ASEAN Fails to Create an Effective, Integrated Common Market in 2... Page 3 of 5 Indonesia went through its political turmoil more than a decade ago with the riots in 1998 that eventually brought the resignation of Suharto. With 3 presidents between 1998-2004, Indonesia is emerging as a vibrant multi-party democracy with Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono as President since 2004. The country is still plagued with corruption, natural disasters, regional pressure for autonomy, and poverty. Political diversity may be hindering the creation of a national vision of development that all in a bipartisan fashion can engage. Coupled with the logistics of managing an archipelago more than 4,000 KMs long, the Indonesian focus is still primarily concerned with economic management, although there is a general belief that an ASEAN market would in the long term benefit the country. Corazon Aquino was swept to the presidency during the peoples’ power revolution of 1986, ousting Ferdinand Marcos. Since her term as president there have been a further four elected presidents of the Republic of the Philippines, with her son Benigno Aquino III as the current president. Political power in the Philippines is still very much based upon favour and alliance of ‘political warlords’ in each regional subdivision and this partly explains why the former first lady Imelda Marcos and children, although forced to flee the country in 1986, were welcomed back and today hold positions of power as a provincial governor and members of the legislatures. The Philippine government’s focus currently remains upon the issues of poverty, which at 32.9% of the population is the highest in the region. Democracy in the Philippines has not seemed to solve the country’s fundamental issue of poverty. Like Indonesia, the Philippines is also an archipelago which presents many problems for development. The government still has to deal with the Abu Sayyaf in the south of the country, regular natural disasters, and rampant corruption. Finally, although Vietnam has tried to reform the economy with the ‘doi moi’ programs of the mid 1980s, the country is still basically a centrally planned economy. More than 20% of GDP is agriculture based and state owned enterprises account for more than 40% of GDP. Vietnam has a large trade deficit even though exports are rising rapidly. Controls have been put in place to stem further blow outs in the trade deficit, bringing more state control over the economy rather than liberalization. State debt is also high with some state firms in deep financial trouble which is eroding the country’s financial ratings and even causing some political instability at leadership level. The Vietnamese economy, along with that of Cambodia and Laos are far from ready for integration within the framework of the AEC. Currently there is an absence of any leader with regional vision within ASEAN. The leaders of the region don’t appear to have the relationships like their predecessors once had, as emerging democracies and development have their own demands. The club of dictators has gone. Further the various leaders still have different visions of ASEAN. Even the pro AEC ASEAN Secretary General Dr. Surin Pitsuwan who kept the integration momentum going is preparing to hand over the position to a less experienced diplomat from one of the less developed members, potentially leading to a further vacuum in leadership on the issue. The beneficiaries? The constituency that one would expect to support an integrated ASEAN economy, regional conglomerates appears to still be lukewarm to the concept. Although companies like Air Asia, CIMB Bank, Bangkok Bank, SingTel, and Siam Cement are taking advantage of the region as a market, they are the exception. The majority of ASEAN conglomerates are ethnic Chinese who settled across the region building up their empires along common models of trading, real estate, finance and insurance, retail, and banking activities. These firms are well connected in their own countries and haven’t historically done well business wise in countries within the region where their connections are weak. Consequently these firms prefer to diversify business interests within their home country rather than expand across the region. One can easily get the impression when visiting Bangkok, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, and Manila that business there is a widely diversified ownership of business, where in fact regional businesses in ASEAN countries today are still in the hands of a small number of families. Many of thesehttp://www.4thmedia.org/2012/09/24/if-asean-fails-to-create-an-effective-integrated-com... 10/12/2012
  • 4. The 4th Media » If ASEAN Fails to Create an Effective, Integrated Common Market in 2... Page 4 of 5 companies are yet to develop the regional mindset necessary to take up the opportunities that the AEC offers. They may actually enjoy the current protection that is afforded them from outside competition. At the same time the ASEAN region is dominated by SMEs which account for approximately 98% of all enterprises and some75-85% of total employment. Many of these are subsistence based enterprises employing no innovation in their business models. AFTA and the AEC will provide very few opportunities to these enterprises, except in the area of tourism. ASEAN member states still see each other as competitors, competing with each other to attract direct foreign investment. Competing education and medical hubs have been set up which aim to attract international customers at the lowest cost. How the paradigm of collaboration rather than competition can be developed still remains to be seen. Lagging preparation and the barriers to overcome Infrastructure and logistic networks the AEC required for increased trade within the region are still very much work in progress. With the exception of Singapore, major highways, railways, deep water ports are still under construction. Many border crossings are extremely congested, and the high speed railway between Thailand, Laos and Southern China is still only just an idea. The banking system is not yet integrated, little has been done in the way of streamlining customs procedures which is hindering the implementation of high quality logistic systems across the region. Little exists in the way of a regionally based media to culturally integrate the region. Existing ASEAN initiated projects like the Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT), and the East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA) have existed more as ideals rather than anything that has substance on the ground. Above all there has been no attempt to integrate monetary or fiscal policy within the ASEAN region which would be necessary within any common market. ASEAN states are still very much in different stages of growth, spread across a wide development continuum. The contrast between developed Singapore and Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam, and Cambodia is extremely wide, much more than any other region around the world. This diversity presents even greater challenges where assistance given by the more developed members of ASEAN could be construed as interference by the lesser developed nations. This is still a very sensitive issue within ASEAN today. In addition, each country within ASEAN is in a different stage of legal system development, which is very important as the legal system creates the framework upon which business is conducted. Even if the common market is pronounced to be in existence by 2015, this factor alone will be a major impediment for companies within the region. There is too much folklore within the business communities about specific ASEAN country legal systems that make them shy away from direct investment. At government level there are still many bilateral issues that can potentially hinder and set back collaboration. Only just recently the Thai and Cambodian army had a number of skirmishes over the Preah Vihear Temple ruins along their common border. Cambodia is concerned about Lao dam construction, Malaysia and Indonesia are yet to settle some maritime and land borders in Borneo, the Philippines still has a claim on Sabah, Singapore and Malaysia had a number of spats concerning water, land reclamation, and rock formations in the South-China Sea that went as far as the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Vietnam and Cambodia are still in dispute over outlying islands along their common border. The region is way behind schedule in the implementation of the AEC. Many unresolved issues concerning agriculture and non-tariff barriers are yet to be resolved. The less developed countries of Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam are also holding back progress. If the ASEAN region fails to create an effective and integrated common market in 2015 which is truly competitive, with free flow of skills, and capital, ASEAN will be severely disadvantaged vis-a- vis China, the US, Japan, and the EU, at a delicate time when the current détente is in flux and transformation. It may be ASEAN’s own inward focus and inbred parochialism that prevents it sitting at trade, political, and economic forums as equal partners with influence and stature. This may also prevent ASEAN entering into an era of diverse economic prosperity in the near future from the synergies and market size an AEC would bring.http://www.4thmedia.org/2012/09/24/if-asean-fails-to-create-an-effective-integrated-com... 10/12/2012
  • 5. The 4th Media » If ASEAN Fails to Create an Effective, Integrated Common Market in 2... Page 5 of 5 It is highly unlikely the AEC will be in place with any effective form by 2015 unless it becomes a high policy priority within each member government. The outcome most likely is the formation of an AEC in a compromised form, consistent with the track record of past ASEAN compromises since its formation back in 1967. Prof. Murray Hunter [1] Source: ASEAN Statistics (2011) http://www.aseansec.org/publications/ASEAN-Statistics- Leaflet-SKI2011.pdf, http://www.doingbusiness.org/data, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/ Tags: ASEAN EU Japan US 6 Print Related articles: The 18th CPC Congress Special: Dangerous Crossroads – THE US POWER Pressures ASEAN Bloc to Contain China Take care: “Asian Century” becomes the “Asian Tragedy” Bali summit to focus on regional development The bloody demon river: Can China and ASEAN convoy as in the Gulf of Aden Add Comments Name (required) Mail (required) 2+8= (required) Submit Query Protected by WP Anti Spam Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail Attack on Iran during Gulf War Games UnlikelyCopyright ©2011 April Media Co, Ltd. All Rights Reserved 四月网 | 四月青年社区 | 百科 | 博客 | Beijing SHOTS | Русский языкAbout US | Contact Us | Work for us | Help | 1코리안뉴스http://www.4thmedia.org/2012/09/24/if-asean-fails-to-create-an-effective-integrated-com... 10/12/2012