Phaladeepika malayalam pdf complete

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A classic work on Indian Astrology written in Sanskrit in 13th century AD and translated to Malayalam (language of Kerala, India) Phaladeepika, the astrological classic and compendium of Indian …

A classic work on Indian Astrology written in Sanskrit in 13th century AD and translated to Malayalam (language of Kerala, India) Phaladeepika, the astrological classic and compendium of Indian horoscopy, was written by Mantreswaracharya in Sanskrit in 13 century AD. The present Malayalam translation is a new venture, almost a word for word translation, and is indebted to the translations by Dr. G.S.Kapoor, Pandit Gopesh Kumar Ojha and Pandit Ashutosh Ojha, T.N. Nanu Pillai Asan and Cheruvalli Narayanan Namboothiri for different renderings.

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  • 1. 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aebmfw X¿÷a ap√∏n≈n
  • 2. ^eZo]nI aebmfw X¿÷a {KŸkqNn 1. ^eZo]nIbpsS hymJym߃ 1. ‰n. F≥. mWp]n≈ Bim≥, Fkv. Sn. B¿. ]ªnt°j≥kv, sIm√w. (10thEdition) 2. Dr. G. .S. Kapoor, RanjanPublications,NewDelhi(1991) 3. Pandit Gopesh Kumar Ojha and PanditAshutoshOjha, MotilalBanarsidassPublishers, Delhi. (2008) 4. sNdph≈n mcmbW≥ ºqXncn, tZhn _p°v Ãmƒ, sImSpß√q¿ (2009) 2. a‰p {KŸßƒ 1. i_vZXmcmhen -˛ {ioIWvtTizcw Pn. ]flm`]n≈ 2. tPymXnjnL≠p ˛ HmW°q¿ i¶cKWI≥ IqSmsX, tlmcmimkv{Xw, PmXI]mcnPmXw, PmXImtZiw, {]ivam¿§w XpSßnb nch[n KŸßfpw tUm. _n.hn. cma≥, F≥. C. apØpkzman XpSßnb B[pnI BNmcy∑mcpsS ]pkvXIßfpw Cu X¿÷abpsS cNbn¬ D]tbmKn®n´p≠v.
  • 3. Cu ]pkvXIsØ°pdn®v... `mcXobtPymXnjØnp KWnXw, kwlnX, tlmc F∂nßs aq∂p kvI‘ß fp≠v. ip≤KWnXhpw {KlßfpsS ÿmn¿ÆbØnp≈ KWmk{ºZmbßfpamWv KWnXkvI‘Øn¬ hcp∂Xv. Cu `mKamWv ]n∂oSp tPymXn»mkv{Xw ( Astronomy) BbnØo¿∂Xv. kwlnX, tlmc F∂o kvI‘ßfn¬ hcp∂ ImcyßfmWv C∂sØ tPymXnjw. (Astrology). tlmcmkvI‘amWv tPymXnjØnse G‰hpw {]m[myhpw {]Nmchpap≈ `mKw. aplq¿Øw, {]ivw, nanØw, PmXIw F∂nßs mep `mKßfmbn CXns Xncn®ncn°p∂p. HcmfpsS PkabsØ {KlÿnXn ASnÿmam°n AbmfpsS PohnXØnse `qX˛h¿Øam˛`mhnImekw`h߃ {]hNn°mp≈ D]m[nbmWv PmXIw. PmXIØns‚ ASnkvYmw I¿Ωkn≤m¥amWv. Hcmƒ Hcp {]h¿Øn sNbvXm¬ C∂s√¶n¬ msf Abmƒ AXns‚ ^ew Ap`hn°pw F∂XmWv I¿Ωkn≤m¥w. PmXIkw_‘ambn nch[n {KŸßƒ nehnep≠v. AXnhn]pehpw AXnk¶o¿Æhpamb Hcp hn`mKamWnXv. hcmlanlnc≥ (F.Un Bdmw q‰m≠v) Xs‚ ImeØp e`yambncp∂ F√m tlmcm{KŸßfpw kw{Kln®v tlmcmimkv{Xw AYhm _rl÷mXIw F∂ Hcp {KŸw cNn®n´p≠v . PmXIhn`mKØn¬ C∂p In´mhp∂ {KŸßfn¬ sh®v G‰hpw {]Nmcap≈Xv CXpXs∂bmWv. A¿∞_mlpeyap≈ 386 t«mIßfmWv CXnep≈Xv. Hmtcm t«mIØnpw ]e A¿∞ßfpw Ahbn¬ hnhn[amb kqNIfpap≠v. q‰ºXn¬∏cw hymJym߃ CXnp≠mbn´ps≠∂p ]dbptºmƒØs∂ Cu {KŸØns‚ aqeyhpw KlXbpw hy‡amIp∂p≠t√m. Zim≤ymbn, hnhcWw XpSßnb AXns‚ hymJym߃°pXs∂ kzX{¥{KŸßfpsS ]Zhn e`n®n´p≠v. IqSmsX, ]pcmWßfpsS coXnbn¬ FgpXs∏´ _rlXv]cmictlmc (F´mw q‰m≠v), kmcmhen (]Ømwq‰m≠v), ^eZo]nI 13/16 q‰m≠v), PmXI]mcnPmXw (]Xn©mwq‰m≠v) XpSßn alØpw _rlØpamb nch[n {KŸßƒ PmXIhnjbØn¬ {]Nmctadnbh bmWv. Chtbmtcm∂pw AXmXp ImetZi߃°pkcn® {]tXyIXIfpw Hu∂Xyhpw ]pe¿Øp∂hbpamWv. ^eZo]nI cNn°s∏´Xv ]Xnaq∂mw q‰m≠ntem, ]Xnmdmw q‰m≠ntem F∂ Imcyw X¿°hnjbamWv. AXpt]mse {KŸI¿Ømhmb at{¥izcs°pdn®pw A`n{]mbhyXymkßfp≠v. At±lØns‚ t]¿ am¿°mfib`´{Xncn F∂msWWpw, aebmf{_m“WmsW∂pw AX√ t]¿ am¿°mtfib`´¿ F∂msWpw Xangvm´pImc msW∂pw A`n{]mbßfp≠v. AXv Hcp]t£ kqNn∏n°p∂Xv tIcfhpw XangvmSpw H∂mbn°nS∂ Hcp ImesØbmbncn°mw. `mjbpsS ImcyØn¬ ^eZo]nI, PmXI
  • 4. ]mcnPmXtØ°mƒ {]mNoamWv. AsX¥mbmepw, a{¥izc≥ Pohn®Xv Xncps¬ thenbnemsW∂Xnv ^eZo]nIbn¬Øs∂ kqNIfp≠v. kymkw kzoIcn®v At±lw tZimSw SØnsb∂pw Xncns®Øn AhkmmfpIƒ Xncps¬thenbn¬Øs∂ Ign®psh∂pw ]dbs∏Sp∂p. ^eZo]nIbv°p a‰p tPymXnj{KŸßsf At]£n®v ]e {]tXyIXIfpap≠v. {][mambpw tlmcmimkv{XØnset∏mse {]uVKw`ocamb t«mIßfn¬ Imcy߃ HXp°n∏dbp∂ DZmØamb BJymcoXnXs∂. ]e t«mIßfpw A]q¿hkpμcßfmWv. AXpt]mse D≈S°Øns‚ ImcyØnepw ^eZo]nI ^etPymXnjØns‚ Hcp F≥sskt¢m]oUnbt]mse.bmWv. a‰p {KŸßfn¬ ]dbmØtXm kqNn∏n°pIam{Xtam sNbvX Zp¿LSamb Imcy߃ CXn¬ hfsc efnXambpw hniZambpw hnhcn®n´p≠v. DZmlcWØnv ImeN{IZi, AjvSh¿§w, D]{KlßfpsS kzm[nw, Nme^ew XpSßnbhXs∂ aXnbmIpw. cminIƒ, `mh߃, {Kl߃, {Kl_ew, `mh_ew, e·^ew, `mh^ew, {Kl߃ `mhßfn¬ n∂mep≈ ^e߃, kv{XoPmXIw, ]p{XtbmKw, Bbp v˛tcmKw˛acWw F∂nh n¿Æbn°mp≈ hnhn[ am¿§ßƒ, ^eßfpsS kabn¿ÆbØnpXIp∂ Nmc^ew F∂nßs nch[n Imcy߃ ^eZo]nIbn¬ hnkvXcn®p {]Xn]mZn®n´p≠v. ^eZo]nIbv°v aebmfØn¬ Ct∏mƒØs∂ c≠p hymJym߃ e`yamWv. mWp]n≈ Bims‚ efnXamb hymJymhpw sNdph≈n mcmbW≥ ºqXncnbpsS {]uVKw`ocamb hymJymhpw. F∂m¬ c≠pw XmcXayw sNbvXp≈ ]TØn¬ sXfn™Xv ]ebnSØpw I≠ ckIcamb kmayXbmWv. ]ebnSØpw h≈n]p≈n hyXymkan√. DZmlcWØn,v Hcp t«mIØns‚ A¿∞Øn¬ c≠nepw `mpkpXw kqcymWv. IqSmsX, c≠pw km{ºZmbnI AYhm ]mcºcy coXnbnep≈hbmWv. hm°pIfpsS A¿∞w {]tXyIambn sImSp°pI F∂ dnkvIv Ah¿ FSpØn´n√. Aßns Ds≠¶nte tPymXnjw ]Tn°p∂h¿°p Imcy߃ kz¥ambn aw sNbvsXSp°mmIq. Cu X¿÷abn¬ Ignbp∂nStØmfw ]Zmp]Zw ]n¥pScm≥ {ian®n´p≠v. CXp km¿∞Iam°p∂Xnv, t«mIØnepw A¿∞Ønepap≈ sX‰v Hgnhm°n FSp°p∂Xnmbn, ta¬∏d™ c≠p hymJym߃°p ]pdsa, Cw•ojnep≈ c≠p hymJymßfpw AhtbmSp tN¿Øpsh®p ]Tn°pIbp≠mbn. sX‰pIƒ Cnbpw _m°nbp≠mImw. hnhcap≈h¿ Ah Nq≠n°mWn®m¬ kkt¥mjw XncpØp∂XpamWv. Ahkmambn Cu X¿÷a SØnb Bsf°pdn®p ]dtb≠Xpw Ncn{X]camb HcmhiyamWv. 1945 Pq¨ 10˛v ap√∏n≈n C√Øv IrjvW≥ CfbXnt‚bpw tßen A¥¿÷Ønt‚bpw aImbn Xriq¿ Pn√bnse Ipgqcn¬ Pn®p. [mcmfw FgpXnbn´p≠v. Fgp]Xmwhb nemWv Cu {KŸw ]q¿Ønbm°p∂Xv,
  • 5. hnjbhnhcw A≤ymbw hnjbw ˛ t]Pv 1 kw⁄m≤ymbw (cminIfpw `mhßfpw) 1˛23 2 {Klt`Zm≤ymbw ({Klßsf°pdn®v Adntb≠sX√mw.) 24 ˛ 60 3 h¿§ßfpw Awißfpw 61˛79 4 jUv_ew, N{μ{Inb apXembh 80 ˛ 97 5 I¿Ω-mPo-h-{]-I-cWw 98 ˛ 104 6 tbmK-߃ 105 ˛ 149 7 kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃ 150 166 8 `mhm{i-b-^ew- ({Kl-߃ `mh-ß-fn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ ^ew) 167 ˛ 196 9 {Kl߃ cmin-I-fn¬ (e·^ehpw {Kl߃ D®w, kzt£{Xw apXembhbn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ ^ehpw) 197 - 207 10 Ggmw `mhNn¥ 208 ˛ 219 11 kv{XoPmXIw 220 - 228 12 ]p{XNn¥ 229 - 246 13 Bbp¿n¿Æbw 247 - 261 14 tcmKw, acWw, Ign™ P∑w, ASpØ P∑w 262 - 280 15 `mh-Nn-¥m-hn[n 281 - 300 16 `mh^ew 301 318 17 ncymW{]IcWw 319 -˛ 330 18 Zzn{K-l-tbm-K^eßfpw ]{μ-s a‰p {Kl-߃ ZrjvSn-sN-bvXmep-≈ ^e-ßfpw a‰pw 331 ˛ 342 19 Zim-^ew 343 ˛ 357 20 `mhm-[n-]- Z-im-^ew 358 ˛ 384 21 A-]-lm-c-^-ew 385 ˛ 420 22 Bbp¿±mbZiIƒ 421 ˛ 448 23 AjvSIh¿§w 449 ˛ 468 24 AjvSIh¿§w (XpS¿®) 469 ˛ 492 25 D]{Kl߃ 493 ˛ 511 26 Nmc-^ew 512 ˛ 536 27 kymktbmK߃ 537 ˛ 540 28 D]kwlmcw 541 ˛ 542 Ap_‘w 1 {KlßfpsS h¿§_ew (A≤ymbw 3) 543 ˛ 554 2 jUv_ew, N{μ{Inb apXembh (A≤mbw 4) 555 ˛ 582 3 ImeN{IZibnse ZimmY]´nI (A≤ymbw 22) 583 ˛ 585 4 `mcXobtPymXnjw ˛ Hcp ]Tw 586 ˛ 596
  • 6. Q^^^^^^ 1 111 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 1 1A 1 A≤ymbw 1 kw⁄m≤ymbw hnjbhnhcw t«mI߃ 1. cminIƒ 1, 2 awKmNcWw 3 KWnX`mKw 4. cminIfpw Ime-]p-cp-js‚ Ahbhßfpw cmin-k‘nIƒ cmin-kz-cq]w 5. cmin-ÿm-߃ 6. {Kl-ß-fpsS cmiym-[n-]Xyw kuc-bqYhpw {Kl-ß-fpsS cmiym-[n-]Xyhpw {Kl-ß-fpsS D®-cm-in-Ifpw AXyp®ÿmßfpw 7. {Klß-fpsS aqe-{Xn-tIm-W-cm-in-Iƒ c-cm-in-Iƒ, IoS-cm-inIƒ, Pe-cm-in-Iƒ, NXp-jv]m-ZcminIƒ 8. ]rjvtTm-Z-b ˛ D`-tbm-Z-b ˛ io¿tjm-Zbcmin-Iƒ cm{Xn-cm-in-Iƒ, ]I¬ cmin-Iƒ Du¿≤-˛-A-[-˛-k-a-cmin-Iƒ 9. Nc-˛ÿn-c˛-D-`-b-cm-in-Iƒ XpSßnbh ]pcp-j-cminIƒ, kv{Xo-cm-in-Iƒ XpSßnbh cminIƒ°v Zn°p-I-fpsS B[n]Xyw hmamw-K-Z£n-Wmw-K-cm-in-Iƒ 2. `mh-߃ 10˛16 1 apX¬ 12 hscbp≈ `mhßfpsS hnhcWw. 16 eo-ÿm--߃. 17 Zpÿm--߃, kpÿm߃, tI{μ-߃ 18 ]W-]cw, Bt]m-¢naw, NXp-c{iw. D]-Nbw. {XntImWw 11211 2
  • 7. ic1 ^eZo]nI 2 2A pp 1. cminIƒ (1) kμ¿iw hnX-ptX ]nXr-tZ-h-rWmw amkm-_vZ-hm-k-c-Z-ssf-c-Y(1) Du-¿-≤zKw bXv khyw IzNnXv IzNn-Zp--ss]-Xy-]-k-hy-taIw tPymXnx ]cw ZniXp hkvXz-anXmw {inbw x. kμ¿iw hnX-ptX - ˛ kμ¿in-°p∂p (Z¿iw ¬Ip-∂p), ]nXr-tZ-h -rWmw ˛ ]nXr-°ƒ°pw tZh-Iƒ°pw ap-jy¿°pw (]nXr-˛-tZ-h-˛-a-pjytemI-߃°v), amk A_vZ hm-k-c- ˛ amkw, A_vZw (h¿jw), hmkcw (Znhkw) Ch-bpsS, Z-ssf-x AY ˛ ]IpXn hoXw, Du-¿-≤zKw ˛ apI-fn-tebv°p Kan-°p-∂Xv, bXv ˛ bmsXm-∂mtWm, khyw ˛ CS-tØm-´v (sXt°m´v˛Z-£n-Wm-b-w), IzNnXv ˛ Nnte-SØv, Nne-t∏mƒ, IzNn-Xv D--ss]-Xn- A]-k-hyw ˛ Nnte-S-Øv (Nne-t∏mƒ) he-tØm-´v (hS-t°m-´ v˛ -DØcm-b-w) k©-cn°p-∂p, GIw tPymXnx ]cw -˛ ]ca-amb B tPymXn- v, ZniXp ˛ ImWn-°s´ (¬Is´), hkvXp AanXmw {inbw ˛ Af-h‰ sFiz-cysØ, x ˛ ap°v. ]mTt`Zw:(1) A[ Du¿≤zKw F∂p sNdph≈n. F∂m¬ AYbpsS ImcyØn¬ sX°pn∂pap≈ mWp]n≈ Bimpw, hS°pn∂pap≈ Pn.Fkv. I]qdpw Htc A`n{]mb°mcmWv. Cu AY˛A[ hyXymkØnp ImcWw tZhmKcnen]nsb At]£n®v {KŸm£cØnp≈ ]cnanXnbmbncn°Ww. kmcw:: ]nXr-°ƒ°pw tZh-Iƒ°pw ap-jy¿°pw amk-Øns‚ ]Ip-Xn, h¿j-Øns‚ ]Ip-Xn, Znh-k-Øns‚ ]IpXn F∂ {Ia-Øn¬ Z¿i--a-cpfn, F√m-‰npw apIfn¬ Db¿∂pn∂p {]Im-in-°p-∂, Bdp amkw sXt°m´pw Bdp amkw hS-t°m´pw k©-cn-°p∂, ]c-a-amb B tPymXn v (kq-cy-tZ-h≥) ap°p k¿h sFiz-cy-ßfpw {]ZmwsNø-s´. 1.k3 3
  • 8. Q^^^^^^ 3 333 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 3 3A 3 (2) hmKvtZhow Ipe-tZ-hXmw aa Kpcq≥ Ime{Xb⁄m-Zm≥ kqcym-Zow› h-{K-lm≥ KW-]Xnw `‡ym {]W-tay-izcw kw£n]ym{Xn-]-cm-i-cmZn IYn-Xm≥ at{¥iztcm ssZhhnZv˛- ht£y f lw ^e-Zo-]nImw kphnaemw tPymXn¿hnZmw {]oXtb. hmKvtZhow ˛ kc-kz-Xo-tZ-hnsb, Ipe-tZ-hXmw ˛ [¿Ω-ssZ-h-ßsf, Ime{Xb⁄m-Zm≥ ˛ {XnIm-e-⁄m-n-I-fmb aa Kpcq≥ ˛ Fs‚ Kpcp-m-Y-∑msc, kqcym-Zow› h-{K-lm≥ ˛ kqcy≥ XpS-ßnb h-{K-l-ßsf, KW-]Xnw ˛ KW-]-Xnsb, Cuizcw ˛ Cuiz-cs (inhs) `‡ym {]W-ay ˛ -`‡n-tbmsS {]W-an-®n´v, A{Xn-]-cm-i-cmZn ˛ A{Xn, ]cm-i-c≥ XpS-ßnb al¿jn-am-cm¬, IYn-Xm≥ ˛ ]d-b-s∏´ (tPymXnj^e⁄mw) kw£n]y ˛ Npcp°n Xømdm°nb ^e-Zo-]nImw kphnaemw ˛ ]hn-{X-amb Cu ^e-Zo-]nIsb tPymXn¿hnZmw {]oXtb. ˛ tPymXnjhnZzm∑-mcpsS {]oXn°mbns°m≠v at{¥iztcm ssZh]nZv ˛ at{¥izcssZh⁄mb ht£y Alw ˛ Rm≥ hnhcn°p∂p kmcw: hmKvtZhXbmb kc-kz-Xo-tZ-hn, Ipe-tZ-h-X, Kpcp-m-Y-∑m¿, kqcy-`-K-hm≥ XpS-ßnb h-{K-l-߃, KW-]-Xn, ]c-a-in-h≥ Chsc `‡ntbmsS hWßn ssZh-⁄- mb Rm≥, at{¥-iz-c≥, tPymXn-jm-Nm-cy-∑m-cmb A{Xn, ]cm-i-c≥ XpS-ßnb al¿jn-am- cm¬ D]-tZ-in-°-s∏´ tPymXn-j-imkv{Xw ]WvUn-X-∑m-cpsS {]oXn-°-mbn-s°m≠v Npcp°n hnh-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. (3) ]Zm-`m-ssZy¿bss{¥¿Pka-tbm f {X {]Y-atXm hnti-jm-Zzn-t⁄-b-x kl hnL-Sn-Im`n-kvXzY XZm KssX¿ZrIv XpeyXzw KWn-XI-cssWx tJN-c-KXnw hnZnXzm XZv`mhw _e-a]n ^ew ssXx IY-b-Xp. {]Y-aXx ˛ BZy-ambn, ]Zm-`m-ssZyx bss{¥x ˛ ASn-b-fthm D]-I-c-W-ßtfm sh®v, Pka-bx A{X ˛ P--k-abw, kl hnL-Sn-Im-`nx Xp AY ˛ hnm-gnI klnXw, hnti-jmXv hn--t⁄-b-x ˛ {]tXyIw Adn-bWw. AXnp tijw, KssXxZrIv XpeyXzw KWn-XI-cssWx ˛ Zr§-Wn-X-{]-Imcw IW-°p-Iq´n, 3
  • 9. ic1 ^eZo]nI 4 4A pp tJN-c-KXnw ˛ (B kabsØ) {Kl-ÿnXn, XZv`mhw_ew A]n ˛ `mhhpw _ehpw Dƒs∏sS hnZnXzm ˛ Adn-™n´v ^ew ssXx ˛ Ah-bpsS -^ew, IY-b-Xp ˛ ]d-bpI. BZy-ambn icn-bmb P--k-abw Is≠-Øp-I. F∂n´v B P--ka-b-sØ {Klne KWn-®p-≠m-°p-I. (sk¬ t^mWn¬ hsc Akvt{SmfPn tkm^v‰vshb¿ e`yamb C°meØv Hcp {Kl netbm Xe°pdntbm Xømdm°m≥ nanj߃ am{Xw aXn). AXn-p-tijw {Kl-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´ `mh-ßfpsSbpw `mhm-[n-]-∑m-sc∂ nebv°v {Kl-ß-fpsSbpw _ehpw -^eZm--ti-jnbpw Nn¥ns®Sp-°pI.- C{Xbpw sNbvXn´pthWw Cn ]d- bm≥t]mIp∂ PmXI-^e-{]-h-Nnb-a-߃sh®p PmX-I-^ew Nn¥n®pXpS-ßphm≥. (4) intcm-h-‡vtdm-tcm-lr-÷-T-c-I-SnhkvXn{]P-˛ ÿem-yqcq Pmtzm¿bp-K-f-anXn PwtL ]Z-bpKw hne-·m¬ Imemw-Km-y-fn-Q-j-Ip-fo-cm-¥n-a-anZw (1) `k-‘n¿hn-JymXm kI-e-`-h-m-¥m-]n ]tc. (1) ]mTt`Zw: AfnQjIpfocmfn Ncaw cminIfpw Ime-]p-cp-js‚ Ahbhßfpw cmin-N-{I-Øn¬ PmX-I-Øn¬ AwKw (cmin) (`mhw) inc ˛ inc v taSw 1 h{‡ ˛ apJw CShw 2 Dc ˛ s©v anYpw 3 lrZv ˛ lrZbw I¿°-SIw 4 PT-c ˛ hb¿ Nnßw 5 ISn ˛ Ac-s°´v I∂n 6 hkvXn ˛ s]m°nfnp Xmsgbp≈ `mKw, (aq{Xm-ibw) Xpemw 7 {]P---ÿ-em≥ ˛ P-t-{μnbw hr›nIw 8 Ducq ˛ XpS-Iƒ [p 9 Pmtzx bpKfw ˛ Im¬ap-´p-Iƒ aIcw 10 PwtL ˛ IW-¶m-ep-Iƒ Ipw`w 11 ]Z-bpKw ˛ ]mZ-߃ aow 12 hne-·m¬ ˛ Cßs e·w apX¬°v Imemw-Kmn ˛ Ime-]pcp-js‚ -AwK-߃ BIp-∂p. 3
  • 10. Q^^^^^^ 5 555 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 5 5A 5 cmin-N{Iw ÿe-am-W;v -k-abhp-am-Wv. ÿew 360 Un{Kn-bp≈ hrØ-am-sW-¶n¬, kabw 60 mgnI AYhm 24 aWn-°q¿ ssZ¿Lyap≈ Znh-k-am-Wv. KWn-Xw-sIm≠vv Chsb ]c- kv]cw am‰n-sb-Sp-°mw. cmin-N-{IsØ Ime-]p-cp-j-mbn ImWp-∂-Xns‚ ASn-ÿmhpw C-Xm-Wv. Imemw-Kmn hcmw-K-am---aptcm lrXv t{ImU-hm-tkm f `rtXm hkvXn-¿hy-RvP--aq-cpPm-p-bp-Ktf PwtL XtXm f w-{Ln-Zzbw tajmizn{]Yam h¿£NcWm›{IÿnXm cmitbm, cmint£{XKrl¿£`mn `hw ssNIm¿∞k{ºXytb. ˛ (tlmcm-imkv{Xw 1-˛4) Ime-]p-cp-js‚ Ah-b-h-߃ 360 Un{Kn hrØ-amb cmin-N-{I-Ønƒ taSw apX¬°pw PmXIØn¬ e·w-ap-X¬°pw Nn¥n°Ww. tlmcm-imkv{XØnse t«mI-Øn¬ Imemw- Kmn.....-N-{I-ÿnXm cmibx F∂-Xp-sIm≠v Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv cmin-N-{I-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ ]pcp- j-s-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ ^e-Zo-]n-I-bn¬ hne-·m¬ F∂v FSpØp ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xp-sIm≠v PmX-I-Øn¬ e·w- ap-X¬°mWv CXp Nn¥n-t°-≠-sX∂p hy‡-am-°p-∂p. Ct∏mƒ km[m-cW sNbvXp-hcp-∂Xv IpP≥ PmX-I-Øn¬ Nnß-Øn-em-sW-¶n¬, Nnßw F{Xmw `mh-amtWm AhnsS Hcp AS-bmfw ]d-bpI F∂-XmWv. cmin-k‘nIƒ Afn-Q-j-Ip-fo-cm-¥n-a-anZw Afn ˛ tXƒ (hr›nIw), Qjw ˛ a’yw (aow), Ipfocw ˛ R≠v (I¿-°-SIw), A¥naw ˛ Ah-km--cmin (aow), CZw ˛ C{]-Imcw, `k‘nx ˛ cmin-k‘nIƒ hyJymXm ˛ F∂p {]kn≤w. kI-e-`-h-m-¥m-]n ]tc ˛ cmin-Iƒ tNcp-∂n-S-sØ√mw k‘n-bp- s≠∂pw Nne¿°v A`n-{]m-b-ap-≠v. cmin-k‘nIfpw £{Xk‘nIfpw ÿmw cmin-k-‘n- £-{X-k‘n 120w I¿°Sw ˛ Nnßw B-bneyw ˛ aIw 240w hr›nIw ˛ [p Xr-t°´ ˛ aq-ew 360w aow ˛ taSw tc-hXn ˛ Aiz-Xn N{μ≥ k‘n IS-°p-tºm-gmWv Kfim¥w. Kfim¥w aq∂p hn[-ap-≠v. cminK-fim-¥w, £-{X-K-fim-¥w, XnYn-K-fim-¥w.
  • 11. ic1 ^eZo]nI 6 6A pp tlmcmimkv{Xw: 1˛7 iin`hmfnQjm¥ar£k‘n.... ^e-Zo-]n-I-bnse ASpØ t«mI-Øn-tebv°p IS-°p-∂-Xn-p-apºv tlmcm-im- kv{XØn¬n∂pXs∂ cmin-kz-cq]w hnhcn°p∂ Hcp t«mIw D≤-cn-°mw. a’yu LSo ran-Ypw kKZw khoWw Nm]o tcm-iz-P-Ltm aItcm arKmkyx Xueox kkkyZlm πhKm N Iym tijmx kzm-a-k-Zr-im -kz-N-cm› k¿th. (tlmcm-imkv{Xw 1-˛5) cmin-kz-cq]w 1. a’yu ˛ c≠p a’y-߃ (ao-w) 2 LSo ˛ IpSw ]nSn-®-h≥ (Ipw-`w) 3 ran-Ypw kKZw khoWw ˛ KZ-tb-¥nb ]pcp-jpw, hoW ]nSn® kv{Xobpw (anYpw) 4 Nm]o tcm-iz-P-Ltm- ˛ Nm]n cx Aiz PLx ˛ Acbv°p apI-fn¬, Iøn¬ hnt√m-Sp-Iq-Snb ]pcp-j≥, Acbv°p Xmsg IpXn-c ([-p) 5 aItcm arKmky ˛ amns‚ apJap≈ aI-c-a’yw As√¶n¬ amns ]IpXn hngpßnb apXe (a-I-cw) 6 Xueo ˛ Xpem p ]nSn® ]pcp-j≥(Xp-emw) 7 kkkyZlm πhKm N Iym ˛ Hcp Iøn¬ kkyhpw at‰ Iøn¬ ]¥hpw ]nSn®v tXmWn-bn¬ Ccn-°p∂ Iy-I (I-∂n) tijmx kzmakZrim ˛ tijn-®h Xß-fpsS t]cn--p-k-cn-®p-≈h 8. taSw ˛ BSv 9. CShw ˛ Imf 10. I¿°SIw ˛ R≠v 11. Nnßw ˛ knwlw 12. hr›nIw ˛ tXfv kzN-cm› k¿th ˛ F√mw Xm¥m-ß-fpsS ÿe-ß-fn¬ k©-cn-°p-∂h. kzN-cm› k¿th F∂-Xns‚ hni-Zo-I-c-W-amWv ^e-Zo-]n-I-bnse ASpØ t«mIw.
  • 12. Q^^^^^^ 7 777 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 7 7A 7 (5) ActWy tIZmtc ib--`-ht iz{`k-ente Kncu ]mYx- kkym-zn-X-`phn hnimw[mavn kpjntc Pm-[o-i-ÿmt kPehn]nt [mavn hnN-c¬ Ipemte Ioemte hk-Xn-cpZnXm taj-`-h-mXv. ActWy ˛ Im´n¬, tIZmtc ˛ hb-en¬, ib--`-ht ˛ InS-∏p-ap-dnbn¬, ip{`kente ˛ ip≤-P-e-Øn¬, Kncu ˛ ae-I-fn¬, ]mYx kkym-zn-X-`phn ˛ Pehpw kky-ß-fp-ap≈ ÿew, hnimw-[mavn ˛ I®-h-S-ÿ-e-߃, kpjntc ˛ s]mØp-I-fn¬, Pm-[o-i-ÿmt ˛ sIm´m-c-ß-fn¬, kP-e-hn-]nt ˛ Pe-ap≈ Im´n¬, [mavn hnN-cXv Ipemte ˛ a¨]m-{X߃-- D≠m°p-∂ ÿe-w Ioemte ˛ Pe-Øn¬, hkXnx DZnXm ˛ hmk-ÿmw ]d-b-∏-Sp-∂p, taj-`-h-mXv ˛ taSw cmin-ap-X¬. cmin-ÿm-߃ cmin kzcq]w ÿmw 1. ta-Sw BSv ImSv 2. C-S-hw Imf hb-¬ 3. an-Yp-w bph-an-Yp--߃ InS-∏p-ap-dn 4. I¿°-S-Iw R≠v ip≤Pew 5. Nn-ßw knwlw ae{ºtZiw 6. I-∂n IyI Pehpw kky-ß-fp-ap≈ ÿew 7. Xp-emw Xpem v I®-h-S-ÿ-e-߃ 8. hr-›n-Iw R≠v s]mØv 9. [-p cmPKpcp cmPkZ v 10. a-I-cw aI-c-a’yw Pemibßfp≈ ImSv 11. Ipw-`w IpSw a¨]m-{X߃-- D≠m°p-∂ÿe-w 12. ao-w c≠p a’y-߃ Pew
  • 13. ic1 ^eZo]nI 8 8A pp XX (6) `uax ip-{I-_p-t[μp kqcyiin-Pmx ip-{Im-c- Po-hm¿°Pmx atμm tZh-Kpcpx {ItaW IYnXm tajmZn cmio-izcmx kqcym-Zp-®-Krlmx {Intbm hrjar-K-kv{Xo -I¿°n -ao-m-kvXpemx Zn{‡yw-ssi¿a-p-bpIv XnYojp`-Jmw-ssikvtX f kvX oNmx {IamXv. {Kl-ß-fpsS cmiym-[n-]Xyw `uax ip-{I....tajmZn cmio-izcmx ˛ taSw XpS-ßnb cmin-IfpsS m-Y-∑m¿ {ItaW IYnXm ˛ {Ia-Øn¬ ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂p.... cmin cmiym[n]≥ 1. taSw `ua ˛ Ip-P≥ ˛ Ip 2. CShw ip{I ˛ ip{I≥ ˛ ip 3. anYpw _p[ ˛ _p[≥ ˛ _p 4. I¿°-Sw Cμp ˛ N-{μ≥ ˛ N 5. Nnßw kqcy ˛ chn ˛ c 6. I∂n iinPm ˛ _p-[≥ ˛ _p 7. Xpemw ip{I ˛ ip{I≥ ˛ ip 8. hr›nIw Bc ˛ Ip-P≥ ˛ Ip 9. [p Poh ˛ hymgw ˛ Kp 10. aIcw A¿°P ˛ i-n ˛ a 11. Ipw`w aμ ˛ i-n ˛ a 12. aow tZh-Kpcp ˛ hymgw ˛ Kp £nXn-P-kn-X-⁄-N-{μ-c-hn-ku-ay-kn-Xm-h-nPmx kqc-Kp-cp-ku-cn-a-μ-Kp-cp-h› Krlmw-i-I]mx (tlmcm-imkv{Xw 1˛6) cminN{Ihpw {KlßfpsS cmiym[n]Xyhpw aow taSw CShw anYpw Kp Ip ip _p Ipw`w I¿°SIw a N aIcw Nnßw a c [p hr›nIw Xpemw I∂n Kp Ip ip _p
  • 14. Q^^^^^^ 9 999 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 9 9A 9 kuc-bqYhpw {Kl-ß-fpsS cmiym-[n-]Xyhpw kuc-bq-Y-Øn¬ {Kl-ß-fpsS ÿmw _p[≥, ip{I≥, -`qan, IpP≥,- Kpcp, in F∂ {Ia-Øn-em-Wt√m. Cu {Ia-Øn¬ Øs∂-bmWv {Kl-ß-fpsS cmiym-[n-]-Xyhpw hcp-∂Xv. apI-fn se 6 FÆw N{μ-m[ohpw XmgsØ 6 FÆw kqcy-m[ohp-am-Wv. kqcyp]Icw `qanbmWv Cu cminN{IØns‚ tI{μw F∂Xp am{XamWv Hcp hyXymkw. {Kl-ß-fpsS D®-cm-in-Ifpw AXyp®ÿmßfpw kqcym-Zp-®-Krlmx {Intbm hrjar-K-kv{Xo -I¿°n -ao-m-kvXpemx Zn{‡yw-ssi¿a-p-bpIv XnYojp`-Jmw-ssikvtX f kvX oNmx {IamXv. kqcymXv ˛ kqcy≥apX¬°,v D®-Krlm ˛ D®cmin-Iƒ, {Klw cmin chn {Inb ˛ ta-Sw, N{μ≥ hrj ˛ C-Shw, IpP≥ arK ˛ a-I-cw, _p[≥ kv{Xo ˛ I-∂n, Kpcp I¿°n ˛ I¿°-S-Iw, ip{I≥ ao ˛ aow, in Xpemw ˛ Xpemw, D®w `qXkwJybn¬ ZnIv ˛ ]Øp Zn°pIƒ ˛ 10 {Xywssix ˛ 3 `mK ap-bpIv ˛ ap°ƒ 14, 14 $ 2 = 28 XnYn ˛ XnYnIƒ 15. Cjp ˛ icw ˛ ]©ic߃ ˛ 5 `w ˛ 27 £{X߃ ˛ 27 J ˛ J߃ 10+ 10 = 20 AkvX ˛ (Chbp-sS) Ggmwcmin, oN ˛ oN-ÿmw, {IamXv ˛ {Ia-Øn¬.
  • 15. ic1 ^eZo]nI 10 10A pp ]´nI {Klw D®w AXp®w oNw AXnoNw chn taSw 10T Xpemw 10T N{μ≥ CShw 3T hr›nIw 3T IpP≥ aIcw 28T I¿°Sw 28T _p[≥ I∂n 15T aow 15T Kpcp I¿°Sw 5T aIcw 5T ip{I≥ aow 27T I∂n 27T in Xpemw 20T taSw 20T kq-cyv taS-Øn¬ D®w. taS-w 10 Un{Kn-bn¬ AXyp®w. Cu coXnXs∂ a‰p-≈- h¿°pw. D®-Øn¬n∂pw Ggmwcmin oNw. AXyp®Øn¬n∂pw 180T Un{Knbn¬ AXnoNw. AP-hr-j-`-ar-Kmw-K-m-Ip-focm Qj-h-WnPu N Znhm-I-cmZn XpwKmx (tlmcm-im-kv{Xw : 1-˛13) (7) knwtlm-£m-Ph[qlbmwKhWnPx Ipw`-kv{Xn-tIm-Wmx -c-thx - t⁄tμmkvXq-®-e-hm∂tJmUzn--i-sscx -ZnKv`q-X-Ir-Xyw-issIx Nm]m-Zy¿[h-[qr-bp-Kv L-S-Xpem a¿Xym› IoSm f fn`w Xzm]ymx I¿°narKm-]-cm¿≤i^-cmx tijm-›-Xp-jv]m-Z-Imx. {Klß-fpsS aqe-{Xn-tIm-W-cm-in-Iƒ {XntImtW ˛ aqe-{Xn-tIm-W-߃, cth-x ˛ kqcy≥ apX¬°v, aqe-{Xn-tIm-Wcmin aqe-{Xn-tIm-W`mK {Klw ]cn[n knwl ˛ Nnßw, tJm ˛ Jw ˛ 20T c 1˛20 D£ ˛ CShw, DUp ˛ £{X߃ ˛ 27T N 4˛30 AP ˛ ta-Sw, C ˛ kqcy∑m¿ ˛ 12T Ip 1˛12 h[p ˛ I-∂n, ic ˛ ic߃ ˛ 5T _p 16˛20 lbmwK˛ [-p, ZnIv ˛ Zn°pIƒ ˛ 10T Kp 1˛10 hWnP ˛ Xp-emw, `qX ˛ ]©`qX߃ ˛ 5T ip 1˛5 Ipw` ˛ Ipw`w, IrXn ˛ 20T a 1˛20
  • 16. Q^^^^^^ 11 111111 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 11 11A 11 knwtlm hrjx {]Y-a-j-jvT-l-bmw-K-Xu-eo Ipw`m-x {Xn-tIm-W-`-h-mn `h¥n kqcym-Xv. (tlmcm-im-kv{Xw: 1-˛14) c-cm-in-Iƒ, IoS-cm-inIƒ, Pe-cm-in-Iƒ, NXp-jv]m-ZcminIƒ (c≠p Imep-≈h, mep Imep-≈h, Pe-Øn¬ Ign-bp-∂-h....) ...Nm]m-Zy¿[h-[qr-bp-Kv L-S-Xpem a¿Xym› IoSm f fn`w Xzm]ymx I¿°narKm-]-cm¿≤i^-cmx tijm-›-Xp-jv]m-Z-Imx. Nm]mZy¿≤ ˛ [p BZysØ ]IpXn (Acbv°p apIfn¬), h[p ˛ I∂n, rbpKv ˛ anYpw, LS ˛ Ipw`w, Xpem ˛ Xpemw, a¿Xym ˛ (Ch) a-p-jy cm-in-Iƒ, IoS Afn`w ˛ hr›nIw IoS-cmin (Nne-hymJym ßfn¬ aohpw ImWp∂p), Xzm]ym ˛ A∏v cmin-Iƒ (Pe-/Pem{ibcm-in-Iƒ), I¿°n ˛ I¿°-SIw, arKA]-cm¿≤ ˛ aIcw at‰ ]IpXn (A-cbv°p Xmsg), i^cm ˛ aow, tijm ˛ _m°n-bp-≈h, NXp-jv]m-ZIm ˛ mep Imep-≈h. 1. taSw ˛ m¬--°men 2. CShw ˛ m¬--°men 3. anYpw ˛ apjycmin 4. I¿°SIw ˛ Pe-cm-in- 5. Nnßw ˛ m¬--°men 6. I∂n ˛ apjycmin 7. Xpemw ˛ apjycmin 8. hr›nIw ˛ IoScmin 9. [p ˛ 1. BZysØ ]IpXn apjycmin 2. c≠masØ ]IpXn m¬--°men 10. aIcw ˛ 1. BZysØ ]IpXn m¬--°men 2. c≠masØ ]IpXn Pecmin 11. Ipw`w ˛ apjycmin 12. aow ˛ Pecmin.
  • 17. ic1 ^eZo]nI 12 12A pp (8) tKmI¿°yiz-P- -{I-`m-yY rbp-Mv ao-u- ]tc cmib˛ kvtX ]rjvtTm-`-b-tIm-Zbmx kanYpmx ]rjvtTmZ-bmss›μhmx kucm-x tij-Krlmx {ItaW IYnXm cm{XnZypkw⁄mx {Iam˛ Zq¿≤zm-[ -a-h-{I (1) `mn Xp ]p˛ kvXo-£vWmwip ap‡m¬ Krlm¬. (1) ]mTt`Zw : h{‡ ]rjvtTm-Z-b ˛ D`-tbm-Z-b ˛ io¿tjm-Zbcmin-Iƒ 1. tKm ˛ CShw, I¿°n ˛ I¿°-SIw, Aiz ˛ [p, AP ˛ taSw, {I`mn ˛ aIcw F∂n-h A©pw, 2. rbpMv ˛ anYpw, aou ˛ aow F∂n-h c≠pw {Ia-Øn¬, ]rjvT ˛ ]rjvTwsIm≠v DZn-°p-∂-hbpw, D`-b-tIm-Zb ˛ c≠p `mKw-sIm≠pw DZn-°p-∂-hbpw, BIp∂p. 3. tijn-®h (Nnßw, -I-∂n, Xpemw, hr›n-Iw, Ipw`w Ch A©pw) ˛˛ io¿tjm-ZbcminIfpw BIp-∂p. cm{Xn-cm-in-Iƒ, ]I¬ cmin-Iƒ 1. kan-Ypm ˛ anYp-hpw, ]rjvtTm-Z-bx N ˛ ]rjvtTm-Z-b-cm-in-Ifpw, Cμhm ˛ -N{μ-s‚ Iogn-ep-≈-hbmIp-∂p. kucm tij -Krlm ˛ tijn-®h kqcys‚ Iogn-ep-≈-hbpw, ItaW ˛ {I-a-Øn¬ IYnXm -˛ ]d-b-∏s∏Sp∂p. 2. cm{Xn ˛ cm{Xn cmin-Iƒ F∂pw, Zyp ˛ ]I¬ cmin-Iƒ F∂pw, kw⁄m ˛ t]cp-Iƒ, IamXv ˛ {Ia-Øn¬ ]dbs∏Sp∂p .
  • 18. Q^^^^^^ 13 131313 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 13 13A 13 cm{Xn-cm-in-Iƒ cm{Xn _e-ap-≈-hbpw, ]I¬ cmin-Iƒ ]I¬ _eap-≈-hbpw BIp-∂p. ]´nI 1. taSw ˛ ]rjvtTmZbw N{μm[ow cm{Xncmin 2. CShw ˛ ]rjvtTmZbw N{μm[ow cm{Xncmin 3. anYpw ˛ D`tbmZbw N{μm[ow cm{Xncmin 4. I¿°SIw ˛ ]rjvtTmZbw N{μm[ow cm{Xncmin 5. Nnßw ˛ io¿tjmZbw kqcym[ow ]I¬cmin 6. I∂n ˛ io¿tjmZbw kqcym[ow ]I¬cmin 7. Xpemw ˛ io¿tjmZbw kqcym[ow ]I¬cmin 8. hr›nIw ˛ io¿tjmZbw kqcym[ow ]I¬cmin 9. [p ˛ ]rjvtTmZbw N{μm[ow cm{Xncmin 10 .aIcw ˛ ]rjvtTmZbw N{μm[ow cm{Xncmin 11. Ipw`w ˛ io¿tjmZbw kqcym[ow ]I¬cmin 12 .aow ˛ D`tbmZbw kqcym[ow ]I¬cmin tlmcm-im-kv{X-w: 1-˛10 tKmPm-izn-I¿°n-an-Ypmx karKm nimJymx ]rjvtTm-Zbm hnan-Ypmx IYn-XmkvX Gh io¿tjm-Zbm Zn-_em› `h¥n tijmx...... Du¿≤-˛-A-[-˛-k-a-cmin-Iƒ ...Du¿≤zm-[k-a-h-{I`mn Xp ]pkvXo-£vWmwip ap‡m¬ Krlm¬.˛ Du¿≤z ˛ Du¿≤zcminIƒ, A[ ˛ A[-a-cminIƒ, k-a ˛ ka-cminIƒ, h{I `mn Xp ]px ˛ h{I-cminIƒ F∂n-ßs, Xo£vWmwip ap‡m¬ Krlm¬ ˛ kqcy≥ hn´ cmin-ap-X¬°v {Ia-Øn¬ IW-°m-°-s∏-Sp-∂p. DZmlcWw kqcy≥ CShØn¬: kqcy≥ apºp n∂ cmin ˛ taSw ˛ Du¿≤z Ct∏mƒ (PØn¬ --) n¬°p∂ cmin ˛ CShw ˛ A[ AXnSpØ cmin ˛ anYpw ˛ ka ]n∂sØ cmin ˛ I¿°SIw ˛ h{I
  • 19. ic1 ^eZo]nI 14 14A pp kq-cy≥ ]n∂n´ cmin-ap-X¬ ]{¥≠p cmin-I-sfbpw Cßs IW-°m-°Ww F∂mWv Cu X¿÷abv°Snÿmamb, tZhmKcn en]nbnep≈, ]Xn∏pIfn¬ ImWp∂Xv. F∂m¬ sIm√w ]Xn∏n¬ Du¿≤zm[ a h{‡`mn Xp ]p kvXo £vWmwipap‡m¬ {Klm¬ F∂p aqehpw kqcy≥ hn´ cmin apX¬ mep cmin Du¿≤zapJ cminbpw AXnSpØ mep cminIƒ XncyMvapJcminbpamWv F∂ A¿∞hpw sImSp Øncn°p∂p. A[w, kaw, h{‡w F∂nhsb °pdn®vv H∂pw ]dbp∂n√. kqcy≥ hn´ cminapX¬ {IaØn¬ Du¿≤z apJw, At[mapJw, XncyMvapJw F∂nßsbpw ]d™p hcp∂p F∂mWv sNdph≈nbpsS hymJymw. aplq¿Ø˛{]iv{KŸßfn¬ cminIsf Du¿≤zapJcmin, At[mapJcmin, XncyMvapJcmin F∂p aq∂mbn Xcw Xncn°p∂p≠v. AXn¬ kqcy≥ ]n∂n´ cmin Du¿≤zapJhpw Ct∏mƒ n¬°p∂ cmin At[mapJhpw AXnSpØ cmin XncyMvapJhpamWv. h{Iw/h{‡w Fs∂m∂v AXnen√. Hmebn¬ tZhmKcnen]nbn¬ ]I¿Øn FgpXptºmƒ h{‡w h{IambXmsW∂pw hcmw. AsX¥mbmepw, Zn√n ]Xn∏pIfn¬ AXp h{IwXs∂bmWv. (9) tajm-Zml Ncw ÿncm-Jy-ap-`bw Zzmcw _ln¿K¿``w [mXp¿aq-e-an-Xol Poh-ap-ZnXw {Iqcw N kuayw hnZpx tajmZymx IYn-Xm-kv{Xn-tIm-Wk-lnXmx {]mKmZnmYmx {Iam˛ tZmP¿£w ka`w ]pamw› bph-Xn¿hmamMvKakvXm-Zn-Iw. Nc-˛ÿn-c˛-D-`-b-cm-in-Iƒ XpSßnbh Ncw ÿncw D`bw Zzmcw _ln K¿`w [mXp aqew Poh≥ taSw CShw anYpw I¿°-SIw Nnßw I∂n Xpemw hr›nIw [p aIcw Ipw`w aow
  • 20. Q^^^^^^ 15 151515 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 15 15A 15 ]pcp-j-cminIƒ, kv{Xo-cm-in-Iƒ XpSßnbh (....HmP¿£w ka`w ]pamw› bph-Xn¿hmamwKakvXm-Zn-Iw.) {Iqcw kuayw HmPw bp‹w ]pcp-j≥ kv{Xo taSw CShw anYpw I¿°-SIw Nnßw I∂n Xpemw hr›nIw [p aIcw Ipw`w aow tlmcm-im-kv{Xw: -1-˛11 {Iqc-x kuayx ]pcp-j-h-ntX tX Ncm-K-Zzn-tZlmx cminIƒ°v Zn°p-I-fpsS B[n]Xyw tajmZym ˛ taSw apX¬°v, {XntIm-W klnXm- ˛ {XntIm-W-߃ (5,9) AS°w, {]mKm-Zn-mYm ˛ Ing°p XpS-ßnb Zn°pI-fpsS (BIp∂p). mY-∑m¿ Ing°v sX°v ]Sn-™mdv hS°v taSw CShw anYpw I¿°-SIw Nnßw I∂n Xpemw hr›nIw [p aIcw Ipw`w aow tlmcm-im-kv{Xw: 1-˛11 {]mKm-Zoimx {Inb-hr-j-r-bp-°¿°Smx k{XntImWmx hmamw-K- Z£n-Wmw-K-cm-in-Iƒ hmamw-K-cm-in-Iƒ Z£n-Wmw-K-cm-in-Iƒ (CSXv) (heXv) (1) cminN{IØn¬ Xpemw ap-X¬ aow hsc taSw apX¬ I∂n hsc (2) PmXIØn¬ 7˛12 `mh߃ 1 ˛ 6 `mh߃
  • 21. ic1 ^eZo]nI 16 16A pp 2. `mh-ß-fpsS t]cp-Ifpw Imc-I-Xz-ßfpw (10) e·w tlmcm Iey tZtlm-Z-bmJyw cq]w io¿jw h¿Ø-amw N P∑ hnØw hnZym kzm∂-]m-mn `p‡nw Zm£m£ymkyw ]{XnIm hmIv IpSpw_w. H∂mw `mhw 1. e·w 2. tlmcm 3. Ieyw ˛ kpJw, BtcmKyw 4. tZlw 5. DZ-bw ˛ DZbcmin 6. cq]w 7. io¿jw ˛inc v 8. h¿Øamw˛˛ h¿ØamImew 9. P∑-w. c≠mw `mhw 1. hnØw 2. hnZy 3. kz ˛ kzØv 4. A∂-]m-w 5. `p‡n 6. Z£A£n ˛ heXpIÆv 7. Bkyw ˛ apJw 8. ]{Xn-I 9. hmIv 10. IpSpw_w (11) Zp›n¬tImtcm Z£-I¿Æmw› tkmw ss[cyw iucyw hn{Iaw {`mXcw N tKlw t£{Xw amXpew `mKn-tbw _‘pw an{Xw hmlw amXcw N.
  • 22. Q^^^^^^ 17 171717 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 17 17A 17 aq∂mw `mhw 1. Zp›n¬--Iw 2. Dcx ˛ Dc v (amdnSw) 3. Z£I¿Æ ˛ heXp sN-hn 4. tk -˛ sskyw 5. ss[cyw 6. iucyw 7. hn{I-aw 8. {`mXcw ˛ ktlm-Z-c≥ . memw `mhw 1. tKlw ˛ hoSv 2. t£{Xw ˛ `qan 3. amXpew ˛ AΩm-h≥ 4. `mKn-tbw ˛ acp-a-I≥ 5. _‘p 6. an{Xw 7. hmlw 8. amXcw ˛ amXmhv (12) cmPyw tKm alnj kpK‘ hkv{X `qjmx ]mXmfw ln_pI kpJmw_p tkXp Zyx cmPm¶w kNn-h-I-cm-fl[o `hn-jyXv˛ ⁄mm-kq≥ kpX-P-Tc {ipXnkvarXn›. memw `mhw (Xp-S¿®) 9. cmPyw 10. tKm ˛ ]ip 11. alnjw ˛ Fcp-a 12. kpK‘w 13. hkv{Xw 14. `qjmx ˛ B`-c-W-߃ 15. ]mXmfw 16. ln_pIw 17. kpJw 18. Aw_p ˛ Pew 17. tkXp ˛ AW-s°-´v 19. Zyx ˛ ZnIƒ
  • 23. ic1 ^eZo]nI 18 18A pp A©mw `mhw 1. cmPm¶w - ˛ cmPNn-”w 2. kNn-h-I-¿ ˛ a{¥nam¿ 3. Bfl ˛ Bflmhv 4. [o - ˛ _p≤n 5. `hn-jyXv ˛ `mhn 6. ⁄mw, (`hn-jy⁄mw --F∂pw ImWp∂p). - 7. kpX ˛ a°ƒ -8. P-Tcw ˛ DZcw 9. {ipXn ˛ {ippXnIƒ (thZ-߃). 10. kvarXn ˛ kvarXnIƒ (apkvarXn apXembh). (13) EWmkv{X-tNm-c-£-X-tcm-K-i-{Xq≥ ⁄mXymPn ZpjvIr-Xy-L-`oXy-h⁄mx Pman{X NntØm∞ aZm-kvX-Im-am≥ Zypm-≤z-tem-Im≥ ]Xn-am¿§-`mcym. Bdmw `mhw 1. EWw ˛ IS-w 2. Akv{Xw ˛ Bbp-[w - 3. tNm-c ˛ I≈≥ 4. £-Xw ˛ apdn-hv 5. tcm-Kw - 6. i-{Xp 7. ⁄mXn ˛ _‘p°ƒ 8. APn ˛ bp≤w 9. ZpjvIr-Xn ˛ ZpjvI¿Ω-߃ 10. A-Lw -˛ ]m]w 11. `oXn ˛ `bw 12. Ah⁄m ˛ Ah-⁄ Ggmw `mhw 1. Pman{Xw 2. NntØm∞w ˛ hnIm-cw 3. aZ ˛ aZw 4. A-kvX ˛- AkvX-a-w
  • 24. Q^^^^^^ 19 191919 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 19 19A 19 20 5 Imaw 6. Zypw 7. A≤z- ˛ SØw 8. tem-Im ˛ Pw 9. ]Xn ˛ -`¿Øm-hv 10. am¿§w ˛ hgn 11. `mcy (14) awKeyc{‘aen-m[n]cm-`-hmbpx t¢im-]-hm-Z-a-c-Wm-ipNnhnLv-Zmkm≥ BNmcyssZhX]nXr≥ ip`]q¿h`mKy ]qPm X-]- p-IrX]u{X P]mcyhwim≥. F´mw `mhw 1. awKeyw ˛ Xmen, `¿Øm-hns‚ Bbp v 2. c{‘ ˛ Zu¿_-eyw 3. aen ˛ Agp°v 4. B[n ˛ ZpxJw 5. ]cm-`hw ˛ A-ham-w 6. Bbpx ˛ Bbp- v 7. t¢i ˛ A]hmZ, 8. ac-W 9. AipNn ˛ ]pe 10. hnLv ˛ XS- -߃ 11. Zmk ˛ th-e-°m-c≥ HºXmw `mhw 1. BNmcy - ˛ Kp-cp 2. ssZhX -˛ tZ-h-X 3. ]nXr ˛ A—≥ 4. ip`w 5. ]q¿h`mKy ˛ ap-÷-∑-kp-Ir-Xw 6. ]qP 7. X]- v, 8. kpIr-Xw 9. ]u{X≥ 10. P]w 11. Bcyhwiw ˛ D-XvIr-jvS- IpeØn¬ Pw
  • 25. ic1 ^eZo]nI 20 20A pp (15) hym]m-cm-kv]-Z-am-I¿aPbkXvIo¿Ønw {IXpw Pohw thymam-Nmc KpW-{]-hrØn Ka-m-ym-⁄mw› tajq-cWw em`m-bm-K-a-m]vXnkn≤n hn`-hm≥ {]m]vXnw `hw «mLyXmw tPyjvT-{`m-X-c-a-y-I¿Ækc-km≥ kt¥m-j-am-I¿Æ-w. ]Ømw `mhw 1. hym]m-cw ˛ I®hSw 2. Bkv]Zw ˛ ASnÿm-w 3. amw ˛ A`n-am-w 4. I¿aw ˛ {]h¿Øn, sXmgn¬ 5. Pbw ˛ hnPbw 6. kXvIo¿Øn ˛ k¬t]-cv 7. {IXp ˛ bmKmZn I¿a-߃ 8. Pohw ˛ Po-hn-X-am¿§w 9. thymaw ˛ BImiw 10 BNm-cw 11. KpW{]hrØn ˛ kXvI¿Ω߃ 12. Ka ˛ t]m°v (S-Øw) 13. B⁄m ˛ B-⁄m-i-‡n 14.tajqcWw. ]Xnsm∂mw `mhw 1. em`w ˛ em`w 2. B-bw ˛ h-c-hv 3. BK-a-w ˛ hchv 4. B]vXn ˛ e-_v[n 5. kn≤n ˛ In´¬ --6. hn`-hw (kn≤nhn`-hm≥ F∂pw) 7. {]m]vXn 8. `hw 9. «mLyX ˛ Io¿Øn 10. tPyjvT-{`m-X-cw˛ tPyjvT-k-tlm-Z-c≥ 11. Ay-I¿Æw ˛ CSXp sNhn 12. kc-kw ˛ kmc-kyw 13. kt¥mjw 14. BI¿Æ-w ˛ tIƒ°¬.
  • 26. Q^^^^^^ 21 212121 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 21 21A 21 (16) ZpxJmw{Ln hma--b£bkqN-Im-¥y˛ Zmcn{Zy]m]ibhybcnx^ _‘m≥ `mhm-lzbm nK-ZnXmx {Ia-tim f Y eo˛ ÿmw {Xn jUv hyb ]cm-`h cmin-m-a. ]{¥≠mw `mhw 1. ZpxJw ˛ ZpJw 2. Aw{Ln ˛ Imep-Iƒ 3. hma--bw ˛ CSXp IÆv 4. £bw ˛ miw 5. kqNIw ˛ kqNI≥ 6. A¥yw ˛ Ahkmw, Ah-km`mhw 7. Zmcn{Zyw 8. ]m]w 9. ibw 10. hybw 11. cn^w, 12. _‘w. eo-ÿm--߃ {Xn ˛ aq∂v, jUv ˛ Bdv, hyb ˛ ]{¥≠v, ]cm`h ˛ F´v (17) Zpxÿm--a-jvS-a-cn]phyb`mh-amlpx kpÿmay`hw ip`Zw {]ZnjvSw {]mlp¿hn-e·Zik]vXNXp¿∞-`mn tI{μm ln I≠INXp-jvSbma-bp‡w. Zpÿm--߃ AjvSaw ˛ F´mw `mhw, cn]p ˛ Bdmw `mhw, hybw ˛ ]{¥≠mw `mhw.
  • 27. ic1 ^eZo]nI 22 22A pp kpÿm߃ kpÿm--w Ay-`-hw ˛ a‰p `mh߃ (6˛8˛12 Hgn®p≈h) kpÿmßfmWv. ip-`Zw {]ZnjvSw ˛ Ahsb√mw ip`IchpamWv CXv kmμ¿`nIamb Hcp {]kvXmh am{XamWv. 3˛6˛11, 2˛7 F∂nh bpw ip`Ica√. IrXyambn ]dbpIbmsW¶n¬ 1˛5˛9 `mh߃, AXmbXv {XntImW߃, am{XamWv XnI®pw ip`Icambn´p≈h. ChbpsS ip`Xzhpw Bt]£nIamWv. `mh_eaps≠¶nte kpÿm ߃IqSn ip`ZamIq. tI{μ-߃ hne· ˛ e·w (H∂mw `mhw), Zi ˛ ]Ømw `mhw, k]vX ˛ Ggmw `mhw, NXp¿∞ ˛ memw `mhw F∂nh, tI{μmx ˛ tI{μ`mhßfmWv. I≠INXp-jvSbma-bp‡w ˛ I≠Iw, NXpjvSbw F∂nh tI{μØns‚ ]cymbßfmWv. (18) ]W-]-c-anXn tI{μm-Zq¿≤z-am-t]m-¢naw XXv ]c-aY NXp-c{iw ss[w _‘p-`w N AY kap-]-N-bmn thyma-iu-cymcnem`w hakpX`bp‹w kym{ØntImWw {]ikvXw. ]W-]-c-w apXembh ]W-]-c-w CXn tI{μm-Xv Du¿≤zw ˛ tI{μ߃°v sXm´p≈h ]W]cßfmWv. Bt]m-¢naw XXv ]cw- ˛ AXnpsXm´p≈h Bt]m-¢naßfpw. NXp-c{iw ss[w _‘p-`w N ˛ F´pw mepw NXpc{ißfmWv. kap-]-N-bmn thyma-iu-cymcn em`w ˛10˛3˛6˛11 F∂nh D]Nbßfpw, ha kpX` bp‹w kymXv {Xn-tImWw {]ikvXw ˛ HºXv, A©v F∂nh c≠pw (ip`Icsa∂p) {]kn≤amb {XntImWßfpamWv. 16102013
  • 28. Q^^^^^^ 23 232323 A≤ymbw 1. (kw⁄m≤ymbw) 23 23A 23 tI{μ-w 1 4 7 10 ]W-]cw 2 5 8 11 Bt]m-¢naw 3 6 9 12 NXp-c{iw 8 4 . . D]-Nbw 10 3 6 11 {XntImWw 9 5 . . eoÿm߃ yq (tZmj) kz`mhap≈hbpw D]Nbÿm߃ A`nhr≤n ¬Ip∂hbpw {XntImW߃ ip`Ichpw BIp∂p. tI{μ߃ s]mXpsh _eZmbIßfmsW¶nepw B[n]Xyhpw ÿnXnbpw Apcn®v ip`{Klßsfbpw ]m]{Klßsfbpw hyXykvXambn _m[n°p∂p. iQiQMP
  • 29. ^eZo]nI 24 A≤ymbw 2 {Klt`Zm≤ymbw hnjbhnhcw t«mIw 1˛7 {KlßfpsS ImcIXz߃ 8˛14 {KlßfpsS cq]hpw kz`mhhpw 15˛16 hmkÿmw, Zn°pIfpsS B[n]Xyw 17˛20 a‰p Imc-I-Xz-߃ (sXmgn¬,]£n, arKw apX-em-bh) 21, 22. i{Xp-an-{XXzw: ssk¿§nIw, 23 i{Xp-an-{XXzw: Xm¬°menIw, ssk¿§nIw + Xm¬°menIw. {Kl-ZrjvSn (ho-£Ww) 24. Imew, h¿Æw, KpWw, EXp 25. _‘p, t{XImcIXzw 26. tZlw˛tZln, K‘˛ck˛cq]˛i_vZ˛kv]¿iImcIXzw 27. ip`∑-mcpw ]m]∑-mcpw ]p-cpj{Kl-ßfpw kv{Xo{Klßfpw {Kl-ß-fpsS tZhXIƒ, ]©`qXw 28. [myw, tZiw 29. cXvw 30. temlw, hkv{Xw 31 ck-w 32. ASbmfw, {]mbw 33. cmlpkzcq]w 34. tIXp-kz-cq]w 35. cmlptIXp°fpsS ]m{Xw, hkv{Xw, an{Xßfpw i{Xp°fpw 36 ÿnXnsIm≠ v ApIqehpw {]XnIqehpamb {Kl߃ 37 hr£mZn ImcIXzw Ime-]p-cp-jpw {Kl-ßfpw XΩnep≈ _‘w cmin-N-{IsØ Ime-]p-cp-js‚ ico-c-ambn tlmcm-im-kv{X-Øn¬ D]-an-®Xv, PmX-I-]p- cp-js‚ ico-c-`m-K-ß-fmbn ^e-Zo-]n-I-bn¬ Ign™ A≤ym-b-Øn¬ hnh-cn°pIbp≠mbn. F∂m¬, tlmcm-imkv{X-Øn¬ B Ime-i-co-c-Øn¬ kqcy≥ apX¬°p≈ Ggp {Kl-ß- fpsS kzm[o--w hnh-cn-°p-∂ t«mI-Ønp kam-¥-c-ambn, PmX-I-]p-cp-js‚ Bflmhv, a v XpS-ßnb Imcy-߃ ]d-bp∂ Hcp t«mIw ^e-Zo-]n-I-bn-en√ AXn-p-Im-c-Ww, tlmcm-imkv{Xw Imc-I-Xz-߃ ]d-bp-∂Xv hnj-b-{Ia--Øn-em-sW-¶n¬ ^e-Zo-]nI AXp ]d-bp-∂Xv {Kl{Ia- Øn-em-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠v, {][myw IW-°n-se-SpØv, tlmc-bnse B t«mIw (tlmcm- ikv{Xw: 2-˛1) ChnsS D≤-cn-°-bm-Wv:
  • 30. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 25 Imemflm Zn-Ir-∑--kvXp-ln-Kpx kXzw IptPm t⁄m htNm Pothm ⁄m-kptJ knX› aZtm ZpJw Znt-im-flPx...... 1. Imemflm - Zn-IrXv ˛ kqcy≥ Ime-]p-cp-js‚ Bflmhpw 2. ax Xpln-Kp ˛ N{μ≥ a pw 3. kXzw IpPx ˛ IpP≥ a-ssÿ-cyhpw 4. ⁄ hN ˛ _p[≥ hm°pw 5. Poh ⁄m-kptJ ˛ hymgw ⁄mhpw kpJhpw, 6. knX› aZx ˛ ip{I≥ ⁄mkpJßfpw IqSmsX Imahpw 7. ZpJw Znt-im-flPx ˛ in ZpJhpw BIp∂p. knXx N aZx.... ChnsS hfsc A¿∞-h-Ømb Hcp N sIm≠v ⁄m-kp-J-߃ ip{Ipw ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu ⁄m-kp-J-ß-fpsS hyXymkw a- n-em-°m≥ Kpcphpw ip{Ipw XΩn-ep≈ hyXymkw Adn™m¬ aXn. DZm-l-c-W-Øn-v, ]ØmasØ t«m-I- Øn¬ _rl-kv]Xn t{ijvT-aXn F∂pw `rKp kpJo F∂pw Ch-cpsS kz`mhw ]d-bp∂p≠v. AXm-bXv t{ijvTa-Xn-bmb Kpcp- kqNn-∏n°p∂Xv ip≤amb ⁄mhpw kpJn-bmb ip{I≥ kqNn-∏n°p∂Xp euInI ⁄mhp ambncn°pw. kpJØns‚ ImcyØnepw Cu hyXmkw ImWmw. insbmgn®v a‰v Bdp {Klßsfs°m≠pw kpJw ]dbp∂p≠v. AhnsSbpw {KlßfpsS kz`mhw tm°n thWw kpJsØ hnebncpØm≥. DZmlcWØnv ip{I≥ kv{Xo, hmlw, hoSv F∂o kpJ߃ kqNn∏n°ptºmƒ Cu hIp∏n¬ kqcy≥ A—n¬n∂pap≈ kpJhpw N{μ≥ AΩbn¬n∂pap≈ kpJhpw hymgw a°fn¬n∂pap≈ kpJhpw a‰pamWv {][mambpw kqNn∏n°pI. {KlßfpsS ImcIXz߃ (PmXIØnepw a‰pw {Klßsfs°m≠p Nn¥nt°≠ hnjb߃) (1) Xm{aw kz¿Æw ]nXrip`-^ew Nmfl-kuJyw {]Xm]w ss[cyw iucyw kan-Xn-hn-Pbw cmP-tkhm {]Imiw ssihw Imcyw h-Kn-cn-KXnw tlma-Im-cy-{]-hrØnw tZh-ÿmw IY-bXp _p[--kvssX-£vWy-ap-’m-l-a¿°m¬ kqcy≥ Xm{aw ˛ sNºv.,
  • 31. ^eZo]nI 26 kz¿Æw., ]nXr ˛ A-—≥, ip`-^ew -(]nXrip`^ew F∂pw). Bfl ˛ Bflmhv, Xm≥. kuJyw ˛ kpJw (BflkuJyw F∂pw). {]Xm]w. ss[cyw. iucyw. kan-Xn- hn-Pbw ˛ bp-≤-Øn¬ Pbw. cmP-tkh ˛ cmPmhns tkhn°¬ -- (kcv°m¿ tPmenbpw CXn¬ s]Sp∂p) {]Imiw. ssihw Imcyw ˛ inhs kw_‘n®Imcy߃ . hKn-cn KXnw ˛ Im´neqsSbpw ta´neqsSbpap≈ bm{X, tlma-Im-cy-{]-hrØnw ˛ tlm-ahpambn _‘s∏´ Imcy-߃, tZh-ÿmw ˛ t£{X-ßfpw a‰pw, ssX-£vWyw ˛ Xo£vWX, D’m-lw. IY-bXp _p[ A¿°mXv ˛ (C{]-Imcw) _p[∑-m¿ (]WvUn-X-∑m¿), kqcy-s-s°m≠v (AYhm kq-cys‚ Imc- I-Xz-߃) ]d-bp∂p. (2) amXr kzkvXn ax-{]-km-Z-ap-Z-[n-kvmw knXw Nmacw O{Xw kphy-Pw ^em-n -ar-Zpew ]pjv]mWn kkyw Irjnw Io¿Ønw au‡n-I-Imw-ky-cu-]y-a-[p-c-£ocmZnhkv{Xmw_p tKm tbmjm]vXnw kpJ-t`m-Pw Xp-kpJw cq]w htZ-®-{μ-Xx N{μ≥ amXr ˛ amXmhv, kzkvXn ˛ kpJw, (am-Xpx -kzkvXn -- ˛ amXmhns‚ kuJyw F∂pw) a-{]-km-Zw ˛ a- pJw, DZ-[n-kvmw ˛ Xo¿∞kvmw, knXw Nmacw ˛ sh©m-a-cw, O{Xw ˛ IpS, kphy-Pw ˛ hnidn (Be-h-´w), ^em-n- ar-Zpew ˛ am¿±-h-ap≈ ]g-߃, ]pjv]mWn ˛ ]pjv]-߃,
  • 32. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 27 kkyw, Irjn Io¿Øn ˛ {]ikvXn, au‡nIw ˛ apØv, Imwkyw ˛ sh¶ew (Iq´p-tem-lw), cu]yw ˛ sh≈n, a[p-cw, £ocmZn ˛ ]m¬ XpS-ßn-bh, hkv{Xw Aw_p ˛ Pew, tKm ˛ ]ip, tbmjm ˛ kv{Xo, B]vXn ˛ e-_v[n (kv{Xoe_v[n) kpJ-t`m-Pw ˛ `£-WkpJw, Xp-kpJw ˛ ico-c-kp-Jw, cq]w ˛ BIrXn (cq]`wKn) (F∂nh) htZXv N{μXx ˛ N{μ-s-s°m≠p ]d-bWw. (3) kXzw `q^-enXw ktlm-Z-c-KpWw {Iucyw cWw kmlkw hntZzjw N alm--km·n II⁄mXykv{XtNmcm≥ cn]q≥ D’mlw ]c-Im-a-o-cXnaktXym‡nw alo-Pm-ZztZ˛ Zzocyw NnØ-k-ap-∂Xnw N Iepjw tkm-[n-]Xyw £Xw. IpP≥ kXzw ˛ Dƒ°cp-Øv, `q^-enXw -˛ ^e`qbnjvTamb `qan, ktlm-Z-c-KpWw {Iucyw cWw ˛ bp≤w, kml-kw hntZz-jw alm--kw ˛ ASp-°-f, A·n, IIw ˛ kz¿Æw ⁄mXn ˛ _‘p-°ƒ, Akv{Xw ˛ Bbp-[-߃, tNmcm≥ ˛ I≈-∑m¿, cn]q≥ ˛ i{Xp-°ƒ, D’mlw,
  • 33. ^eZo]nI 28 ]c-Im-a-o-cXn ˛ ]ckv{XokpJw, AktXym‡n ˛ pW]d-b¬, hocyw ˛ _ew, NnØ-k-ap-∂Xn ˛ amkntIm∂aw Iepjw ˛ ]m]w, tkm-[n-]Xyw, £Xw ˛ apdn-hv. (F∂nh) alo-Pm-Xv htZXv ˛ IpPss°m≠p ]dbWw. (4) ]mWvUnXyw kphNx Iem-n-]p-WXmw hnZz¬kvXpXnw amXpew hmIvNm-Xp-cy-ap-]m-k-m-Zn-]-SpXm hnZymkpbp‡nw aXnw (1) b⁄w sshjvW-h-I¿a-k-Xy-h-Nw ip‡nw hn-lm-c-ÿew inev]w _m‘hbuh-cmPykplr-Z-kvXZv`m-Kn-tbw _p[m¬. _p[≥ ]mWvUn-Xyw, kphNx ˛ √ hm‹n, Iem-n-]p-WX ˛ Ie-I-fn¬ sshZ-Kv≤yw, hnZz¬ kvXpXn ˛ hnZz-∑m-cpsS {]iwk, amXpe≥ ˛ AΩm-h≥, hmIvNm-Xp-cyw- ˛ kw`m-j-W-Nm-Xpcyw (hm‹nXzw), D-]m-k-m-Zn -]-SpXm ˛ D]m-k-m-Zn-I-fn¬ ]mS-hw, hnZy bp‡n, aXn ˛ _p≤n, b⁄w ˛ bmKw, sshjvW-h-I¿Ωw ˛ hnjvWphnp≈ Bcm-[m-]-c-amb Imcy-߃, k-Xy-h-Nw ˛ kXyw ]db¬, ip‡n ˛ apØp Nn∏n, hn-lm-c-ÿew ˛ Ifn-ÿ-ew, in¬∏w ˛ sImØp-th-e-Iƒ, _m‘h ˛ _‘p-°ƒ, buh-cmPy ˛ bph-cm-Pm-hv, kplr-Z- ˛ kplr-Øp-°ƒ, `m-Kn-tbw ˛ acp-a-°ƒ, _p[mXv ˛ (Ch) _p-[-s-s°m≠v (]-d-bp∂p).
  • 34. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 29 (1) hnZymkpbp‡nw aXnw F∂Xp mep ]pkvXIßfn¬ mep XcØnemWp hymJymn®ncn°p∂Xv. (1) hnZybpw bp‡nbpw (2) hnZymhnjbw Xncs™Sp°p∂Xnse bp‡n (3) hnZym-`ym-khpw bp‡n-Nn-¥bpw (4) hnZybnse bp‡n CØcw kμ¿`ßfn¬ icn Is≠Øm≥ bp‡n D]tbmKn°pItb nhrØnbp≈p. (5) ⁄mw kZvKp-W-am-flPw N kNnhw kzmNm-c-am-Nm-cyIw amlmflyw {ipXn-imkv{X[o kvarXn-aXnw k¿thm-∂Xnw kZvKXnw tZh-{_m-“-W-`-‡n-a-≤z-c-X]x {i≤m› tImi-ÿew sshZpjyw hnPn-tX-{μnbw [h-kpJw kΩm--ao-Uym±-bmw. hymgw ⁄mw, kZvKp-Ww, B-flPw ˛ a°ƒ kNnhw ˛ a{¥n-am¿, kzmNm-cw- ˛ kz-I¿Ωw, (kXvI¿Ωw F∂pw), BNm-cyIw ˛ BNmcy-∑m¿ (KpcpmY∑-m¿), amlm-flyw, {ipXn ˛ thZ-߃, imkv{X ˛ imkv{X-߃, [o ˛ _p≤n, kvarXn ˛ Hm¿Ω, (apkvarXn XpS-ßn-bhbpw), aXn ˛ _p≤n k¿thm-∂Xn ˛ F√m-XcØn-ep-ap≈ Db¿®, kZvK-Xn - ˛ ta¬§-Xn (tam£w), tZh-{_m-“-W-`-‡n ˛ tZh-∑mcnepw(ssZhßfnepw) {_m“- Wcnepw (Bfl⁄mnIfnepw) D≈ -`-‡n/_lpamw A≤z-c ˛ bmKmZn I¿Ω-߃, X]x ˛ X]- v, {i≤m ˛ BkvXnIyw, (BflnbX), tImi-ÿew ˛ JP-m-hv, sshZpjyw ˛ ]mWvUnXyw, hnPn-tX-{μnbw ˛ C{μnb-kwb-aw, [h-kpJw ˛ Zmº-Xy-kp-Jw,
  • 35. ^eZo]nI 30 kΩmw ˛ Aw-Ko-Im-cw, _lpaXn Zb, CuUymXv ˛ (Ch) hymg-sØ-s°m≠v (Nn¥n-°-Ww.) (6) kº-Zzm-lhkv{X`qjWn[n{ZhymWn Xucy-{XnIw `mcymku-Jykp-K‘]pjv]aZ--hym-]m-c-i-øm-e-bm≥ {ioaXzw Ihn-Xm-kpJw _lp-h-[qkwKw hnemkw aZw kmNnhyw kc-tkm-‡n-aml `rKp-Pm-Zp-Zzm-l-I¿tam-’-hw. ip{I≥ kºXv ˛ kº-Øv, ([w, -sFizcyw), hmlw, hkv{Xw, `qjW ˛ B`-c-W-߃, n[n, {ZhymWn ˛ {Zhy߃ (PwKakzØp°ƒ, mWbw, ]Ww) Xucy{XnIw ˛ Kmw, rØw, hmZyw Ch aq∂pw `mcy, kuJyw ˛ kpJw (`mcymkuJyw F∂pw), kpK‘ ˛ kpK‘{Zhy߃ 10. ]pjv] ˛ ]q°ƒ -(kpK‘]pjv]w), aZ--hym-]m-cw ˛ Ima-eoe-Iƒ, i-ø ˛ InSbv-°. B-e-bw ˛ hoSv (iømebw F∂pw), {ioaXzw ˛ sFizcyw. Ihn-Xm-kpJw ˛ Imhy-c-NsImt≠m ImhymkzmZw sImt≠m e`n°p∂ Bμw, _lp-h-[qkwKw ˛ ]e kv{XoI-fp-ambn _‘w hnemkw ˛ D√mkw, aZw, kmNnhyw ˛ a{¥n-ÿm-w, kc-tkm-‡n ˛ ¿Ω-`m-j-Ww, , D-Zzm-l-I¿Ωw ˛ hnhm-l-w, D’-h-w, `rKp-Pm-Xv ˛ ip{I-s-s°m-≠v (Nn¥n°Ww).
  • 36. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 31 (7) Bbpjyw acWw `bw ]Xn-XXmw ZpJm-h-am-m-a-bm≥ Zmcn{Zyw `rX-Im-]-hm-Z-I-ep-jmym-iu-N n-μm-]Zx ssÿcyw oN-P-m-{ibw N alnjw X{μoarWw Nmbkw ZmkXzw Irjn-km-[w chn-kp-Xm¬ Imcm-Krlw _‘-w. in Bbpjyw- ˛ Bbp- v, ac-Ww, `bw, ]Xn-XX ˛ ]XnXzw (PmXn{`jvSv), ZpxJw, Ah-am-w, Ba-bm≥ ˛ tcmK-߃, Zmcn{Zyw, `rX-I ˛ `rXy≥, A]-hm-Zw ˛ NoØ∏cv, I-ep-jmn ˛ ]m]-I¿Ω-߃, Biu-Nw ˛ Aip-≤w (]pe, hmembva ) nμ, B]Z ˛ B]-Øv, ssÿcyw ˛ ÿnc-X, oN-P-m-{ibw ˛ Zp¿÷sØ --B{ibnt°≠n hcnI alnjw ˛ t]mØv, X{μo ˛ ab°w, Bekyw EWw ˛ ISw,- Bbkw ˛ Ccp-ºv. ZmkXzw ˛ `rXyXzw, Irjn-km-[w ˛ Im¿jntIm]IcW߃, Imcm-Krlw ˛ XShd, _‘-w ˛ XShv. chn-kp-Xm¬ ˛ in-sbs°m-≠v (Nn¥n-t°-≠h). {KlßfpsS cq]hpw kz`mhhpw (8) ]nØmÿnkmtcm-¬]-I-N› c‡˛ iymam-IrXnx kym∑-[p-]nw-K-fm£x Iukpw-`-hm-km-›-Xp-c-{i-tZlx iqcx {]NWvUx ]rYp-_m-lp-c¿°x.
  • 37. ^eZo]nI 32 kqcy≥ A¿°x ˛ kqcy-≥: ]nØ - ˛ ]nØ-{]-Ir-Xn, Aÿnkmtcm ˛ F√p-d-∏v, A¬∏-IN ˛ apSn Ipd-hv, c‡iymam-IrXn ˛ Idp-∏pw NpI∏pw tN¿∂ ndØnep≈ cq]w, a[p-]nw-K-fm£ ˛ tX≥ nd-ap≈ IÆp-Iƒ, Iukpw-`-hm-k ˛ NpI∂ hkv{X-߃, NXp-c{i tZlw ˛ c≠p ssI ofhpw amdns‚ hoXnbpw tN¿∂ Dbcw, iqc≥, {]N-WvU ˛ AXn-i-‡≥, D{KtIm]n. ]rYp-_m-lp ˛ XSn® ssIIƒ. (9) ÿqtem bphm N ÿhncx Iri-x knXx Imt¥-£-Wm-›m-kn-X-kq-£va-aq-¿-≤Px css‡-I-kmtcm arZp-hmIv knXmw-iptIm Kucx iio hmX-I-^m-fltIm arZpx. Nμ≥ iin ˛ N{μ≥ ÿqtem bphm N ÿhncx Iri-x ˛ XSn-®Xpw buh--bp-‡-hpw, NS-®Xpw {]mb-am-bXpw Bb c≠-h-ÿ-Iƒ, Imt¥-£-W ˛ hiy-amb IÆp-Iƒ, A-kn-X-kq-£va-aq-¿-≤P ˛ IdpØv t¿Ø XeapSn, css‡-I-kmtcm ˛ tNmcØpSn-∏p≈, arZp-hmIv ˛ kuay-amb kw`mj-Ww, knXmw-iptIm ˛ shfpØ hkv{Xw, knX/Kuc ˛ shfpØ hmX-I-^m-fltIm ˛ hmXhpw I^hpw tN¿∂ {]Ir-Xn, arZp ˛ kuay≥.- (10) at≤y Irix Ip©n-X-Zo-]vX-tIix {Iqtc-£Wx ss]ØnI D{K-_p≤nx c‡mw-_tcm c‡-X-p¿a-loPx NWvtUm f Xyp-Zm-c-kvX-cp-tWm f- Xn-a-÷x.
  • 38. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 33 IpP≥, aloP ˛ IpP≥, at≤y Iri ˛ HXp-ßnb Ac-s°-´v, Ip©n-X- Zo-]vX -tIi ˛ Npcp≠, Xnf-ßp∂ apSn, {Iqtc-£W ˛ cq£-amb tm´w. ss]ØnI ˛ ]nØ{]IrXn, D{K-_p≤n ˛ Xo£vW_p≤n, c‡mw-_tcm ˛ NpI∂ hkv{X-w, c‡X-p ˛ NpI∂ tZlw, NWvUm ˛ tIm]-im-en., AXyp-Zm-c ˛ hfsc DZm-c-a--kvI≥, X-cp-tWm- ˛ bphmhv. AXn-a-÷x ˛ A[nIw a÷. (IcpØp‰ icocw). (11) Zp¿Δm-e-Xm-iym-a-X-p-kv{Xn-[mXp an{i- n-cm-hm≥ a[p-tcm-‡n-bp‡x c‡m-b-Xmt£m lcn-Xmw-ip-I-kvXzIv˛ kmtcm _pt[m lmky-cp-Nn- -amw-Kx. _p[≥. _pt[m: - ˛ _p[≥. Zp¿Δm-e-Xm-iym-a- X-p ˛ Idp-I-∏p-√ns‚ ndap≈ icocw, {Xn-[mXpan{ix ˛ {XntZm-j-{]-Ir-Xn, kn-cm-hm≥ ˛ RcºpIƒ nd™ tZlw, a[ptcm‡n bp‡ ˛ a[p-c-amb kw`m-j-Ww, c‡m-b-Xmt£m ˛ NpI∂ IÆpIƒ, lcn-Xmw-ip-Iw ˛ ]® hkv{Xw, XzIvkmtcm ˛ I´n-bp-≈ sXmen, lmky-cp-Nn ˛ ¿Ω-t_m-[ap≈-h≥, kamw-Kw ˛ ka-amb Aw-K-ßtfmSp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥. {Xn[mXpan{i.... hymJym-Xm-°-fn¬ Nne¿ {Xn-[mXp F∂pw, an{i- n-cm-hm≥ F∂pw a‰p Nne¿ {Xn[m- Xp-an{i, kncm-hm≥ F∂pw ]Zw apdn®v A¿Yw ]d™p ImWp∂-p. (12) ]oX-ZypXnx ]nwK-I-tN-£-Wx kymXv ]otm-∂-tXm-cm› _rl-—-cocx
  • 39. ^eZo]nI 34 I^m-flIx t{ijvTaXnx kptcUyx knwlm-_vPm-Z› hkp-{]-[m-x. kptcUyx ˛ hymgw. ]oX-ZypXnx ˛ Xnf-ßp∂ a™ndw, ]nwK -I-N Cu-£-W ˛ Xhn´p ndØnep≈ apSnbpw IÆp-Ifpw, ]o- D∂X D-cx ˛ XSn®Xpw Db¿∂ amdv, _rl-Xv i-cocx ˛ henb icocw, I^m-flIx ˛ I^-{]-Ir-Xn, t{ijvTaXnx ˛ DXvIr-jvS-amb a- v, knwlm-_vPm-Z ˛ knwlK¿÷-w-t]mse apg-ßp∂ i_vZw, hkp-{]-[m-x. ˛ kº-∂≥. (13) Nn{Xmw-_cm Ip©n-X-Ir-jvW-tIix ÿqemw-K-tZ-l› I^m-n-emflm Zp¿Δm-¶p-cm`x Iatm hnim-e˛ tt{Xm `rKpx -km-[nXip¢-hr-≤nx. ip{I≥, `rKpx ˛ ip{I≥, Nn{Xmw-_cw ˛ (hn)Nn{X-amb As√-¶n¬ _lp-h¿Æ- Øn-ep≈ hkv{Xw, Ip©n-X-Ir-jvWtIix ˛ Npcp-≠p IdpØ apSn, ÿqemw-K -tZ-l ˛ XSn® tZl-{]-Ir-Xn, I^m An-emflm ˛ I^-hmX{]Ir-Xn, Zp¿Δm-¶p-cm`x ˛ Idp-I-m-ºns‚ ndw, Iat hnim-ett{X ˛ BI¿j-Ihpwhnim-ehp-amb IÆp-Iƒ, km[nX ip¢-hr≤n ˛ ip¢-hr-≤n-bp-≠m-°p-∂p. (14) ]wKp¿nav-hn-tem-Nx (1) Iri-X-p¿±o¿L- n-cm-tfm- f ekx IrjvWmwKx ]h-m-fl-tIm f-Xn-]n-ipx kvmbz-fltIm n¿LrWx aq¿Jx ÿqe--J-ZznPx ]cp-jtcm-amw-tKm f ip-Nn-kvXm-atkm cu{Zx t{Im[-]tcm Pcm-]-cn-WXx IrjvWmw-_tcm `mkvI-cox. (1) ]mTt`Zw: ]nwtKm nav-hn-tem-N....
  • 40. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 35 in. `mkvIcn ˛ in. ]wKpx ˛ apS¥≥. nav- hn-tem-N ˛ Ipgn™ IÆp-Iƒ As√-¶n¬ Xmtgbv°p tm°p∂ kz`m-hw, Iri-X-p ˛ saen™ ico-cw, Zo¿L ˛ Db-c-ap≈ tZlw, kn-cm-f ˛ knc-Iƒ nd-™- icocw (Zo¿L- n-cmtfm F∂pw ImWp-∂p), Ae-k ˛ Ae-k≥, IrjvWmwtKm ˛ IdpØ icocw, ]h-m-fl-I ˛ hmX-{]-Ir-Xn, AXn-]n-ipx ˛ ZpjvS≥ (nμy≥), kvmbz-flI ˛ t]in-Iƒ nd™ (I-cp-Øp-≈), n¿LrW ˛ μn-bn√mØh≥, aq¿J ˛ _p≤nbn√mØh≥, ÿqe--J-ZznP ˛ XSn® ]√pw J-ß-fpw, ]cp-jtcm-amw-K ˛- am¿±-h-an-√mØ tcmahpw ico-chpw, A-ip-Nn ˛ ipNn-Xzan-√m-Ø-h≥, Xm-ak ˛ Xma-k-kz`mhw, cu{Z ˛ cu{Zkz`mhw, t{Im[-]tcm ˛ ap≥tIm-]n, Pcm-]-cn-WXx ˛ hm¿≤Iyw _m[n-®, IrjvWmw-_tcm ˛ IdpØ hkv{Xw, (15) ssihw [ma -_lnx{]Im-i-I-a-cp-t±iw cthx ]q¿h-ZnIv Zp¿Km-ÿm--h-[q-P-eu-j[n a[p-ÿmw hnt[m¿hm-bp-ZnIv tNmc-w tæ-—-Ir-im-p-bp-≤-`p-hn-Zn-Kymaym IpP-tkym-ZnXm hnZz-ZznjvWpk`mhnlmcKW-I-ÿm-m-yp-Z-oNow hnZpx. {KlßfpsShmkÿm߃ cthx ˛ kqcyv. ssihw [ma - ˛ inh-t£{Xw, _ln{]tZiw ˛ shfn-ÿew, {]Im-i-I- {]tZiw ˛ shfn®ap≈ ÿew, a-cp-t±iw ˛ acp-`qan, ]q¿h- ZnIv ˛ Ing°p Zn°v.
  • 41. ^eZo]nI 36 hnt[m ˛ N{μv. Zp¿Km-ÿm-w ˛ Zp¿§mt£{Xw, h-[q ˛ kv{XoIƒ, P-ew, Hu-j[n-Iƒ, a[pÿmw ˛ tX≥/aZyw D≈ ÿew, (h-[q-P-eu-j[na[p-F∂nh D≈ ÿew F∂pw), hmbp-ZnIv ˛ hS-°p-]-Sn-™md.v IpP ˛ IpPv. tNmc ˛ I≈-∑m¿, tæ-— ˛ tæ—∑m¿, Ir-im-p ˛ A·n, bp-≤-`p-hn ˛ bp≤-`qan, ZnKymaym ˛ ZnIv bmaym ˛ ba-Zn°v, sX°v hnZp ˛ _p[v. hnZzXv ˛ hnZzm-∑m¿, hnjvWp, k`m ˛ kZ- p-Iƒ, hnlmc ˛ Ifn-ÿew / _p≤hnlmcw KW-I ˛ KWn-X-⁄≥ ˛ KWI≥/tPym’y≥ ÿmmn ˛ (Chbp≈) ÿe-߃, DZ-oNn ˛ hS°p Zn°v. (16) tImim-iz-∞-kp-c-Zzn-Pm-Xn-n-e-bkvssXzim--Zn-§ojv]-tX¿ thiymhoYy-h-tcm-[-r-Ø-i-b--ÿmw `rtKm-c-·n-ZnIv oN-t{i-Wy-ip-Nn-ÿew hcp-W-ZnIvimkvXpx i-t-cm-etbm hm¬ao-Im-ln-X-tam-_ne-(1) yln inJn-ÿm-mn Zn{K-£-kx. Kojv]-tXx ˛ hymg-Øn-v. tImix ˛ JP-mhv, Aiz-∞ ˛ Ac-bm¬, kp-c-Zzn-Pm-Xnn-e-b ˛ tZ-h-∑m¿, {_m-“-W¿ XpS-ßn-b-h-cpsS hmk-ÿ-ew, Cuim--ZnIv ˛ hS°p Ing°v,
  • 42. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 37 `rtKmx ˛ ip{Iv: thiymhoYn ˛ thiymsØ-cphv, Ah-tcm-[ ˛ A¥x-]pcw, r-Øÿmw ˛ -rØ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ S°p∂ ÿew, i-b-ÿmw ˛ InS∏d, A-·n-ZnIv ˛ A·n-tIm-Wv. Ing°psX°p aqe. it ˛ i-n-°v. - oN-t{i-Wn ˛ tNcn-Iƒ, Aip-Nn-ÿew ˛ hrØn-sI´ ÿew, hcp-W-ZnIv ˛ ]Sn-™mdv, imkvX ˛ imkvXm-hv, Bebw ˛ ÿmw. Aln-inJn ˛ cmlp-tI-Xp-°ƒ°v. hm¬aoIw ˛ ]p‰v, X-tam-_new ˛ Ccp≠ amfw (s]mØv). ÿm-mn ˛ ÿm-߃, Zn{K-£-kx -˛ ZnIvc£k ˛ ncrXn tImWv (sX-°p-]-Sn-™m-dv). (17) ssithm `njMvr]-Xn-c-[z-cIrXv{]-[mo hymt{Lm artKm Zn-]tXx Ine -N-{I-hmIx imkvXmw-Km(1) cPI I¿jI tXmb-Kmkyp˛ cntμm-x ii› lcn-W› _I›-tIm-cx. {Kl-ßfpsS a‰p Imc-I-Xz-߃ (sXmgn¬, ]£n, arKw apX-em-bh) N{μ≥ Cμp ˛ N{μv imkvXm ˛ imkvXmhv, Aw-Km ˛ kv{Xo, (]mTt`Zw ikvXmw-Km -˛ {]ikvXbmb kv{Xo) cPI ˛ Ae-°p-Imc≥, I¿j-I ˛ Irjn-°m-c≥, tXmb-Km --˛ PeØn-¬ k-©cn°p∂h≥ i-iw ˛ apb¬,
  • 43. ^eZo]nI 38 lcn-Ww ˛ am≥t]S, _Iw ˛ sIm°v, NtImcw ˛ sNtºmØv. kqcy≥ Zn-]tXx ˛ kqcyv. ssithm ˛ inh-`-‡≥, `njIv ˛ sshZy≥, r]-Xn- ˛ cmPmhv, A-[z-cIrXv ˛ bmKw sNøp-∂-bmƒ, {][mn - ˛ ap-Jy≥, hymt{Lm ˛ ISph, artKm ˛ am≥, N{I-hmIw ˛ ]I¬ CW- Iq´np≠mIp-sa¶nepw cm{Xn bmbm¬ CWsb ]ncn™v hnc-l-ZpxJw Ap-`-hn-t°≠n hcp∂ Hcp ]£n F∂p i_vZXmcmhen. (18) `utam alm--k-K-Xm-bp-[`r¬kp-h¿Æ˛ Imcm-P-Ip-°pSinhmI]n KrZv{[tNmcmx tKm]m-e -in¬]n KW-tIm-Øa(1) hnjvWp-Zmkmx Xm¿£yx InIo-Zn-hn- ip-Iu- iintPm _nUm-ex IpP≥ `ua - ˛ IpP≥, alm--k-K-X ˛ ASp-°-f-°m-c≥, B-bp-[`rXv ˛ Bbp[w [cn-®h≥, kp-h¿ÆImc ˛ kz¿Æ-∏-Wn-°m-c≥, AP ˛ BSv, Ip-°pS ˛ tImgn, inhm ˛ s]¨Ip-dp-°≥, I]n ˛ Ipc-ß≥, KrZv{[p ˛ Igp-I≥, tNmcx ˛ I≈≥. _p[≥ iinP ˛ _p[≥, tKm]m-e ˛ ]ip-°-sf]men°p-∂-h≥, in¬]n,
  • 44. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 39 KW-tImØa ˛ KWn-X-⁄≥, hnjvWp-Zmkx ˛ hnjvWp-`-‡≥ (sshjvW-h≥), Xm¿£yw ˛ ]cp¥v, InIoZn-hn ˛ Im´p-Im°, (InIo F∂p Ic-bp∂ Hcp ]£n), ip-I ˛ XØ, _nUm-ex ˛ ]q®. (1) hymJymt`Zw: tKm]-⁄-in¬]-K-WI.... tKm] ˛ ]m¬°m-c≥, ⁄ ˛ hnZzm≥, in¬]n ˛ sImØp-]-Wn-°m-c≥, KWI ˛ IW-s°-gp-Øp-Im-c≥. (19) ssZh⁄ a{¥n Kpcp hn{] bXoi apJymx ]mcm-h-Xx kpcKptcm-kvXp-c-K› lwkx Kmo [o hnS hWnMv S X¥p-hmb thiymabqcalnjo N `rtKmx iptIm Kux. hymgw kpcKptcm ˛ hymg-Ønv, ssZh⁄ ˛ ssZh⁄≥ a{¥n, Kpcp, hn{] ˛ {_m“-W≥. bXoi ˛ kymkn, apJy ˛ apJy≥, ({][mn), ]mcm-hXw ˛ amS{]mhv, XpcKw ˛ IpXnc, lwkw ˛ A-c-b-∂w. ip{I≥ `rtKm ˛ ip{I-v Kmo ˛ Kmb-I≥, [o ˛ [nI≥, hnS ˛ hnS≥,
  • 45. ^eZo]nI 40 hWnIv ˛ I®-h-S-°m-c≥, S ˛ ¿Ø-I≥ (S≥), X¥p-hmb ˛ sbvØp-Im-c≥, thiy, abqc ˛ abn¬, alnjo ˛ Fcpa ]mTt`Zw a-ln-jw ˛ t]mØv viptIm ˛ XØ, Ku ˛ ]ip. (20) ssXe-{Ibo `rXIoNIncmXImb˛ kvImcm› Z¥nIcSm› ]nIm-»tx kypx. _u≤m-ln-Xp-fin-I-J-cm-P-Ir- tImjv{Sk¿]˛ ≤zm¥m-Jy-tbm¿a-i-I-a-°p-W-Ir-ayp-eq-Imx. in it ˛ in-°v. ssXe-{Ibo ˛ FÆ-°-®-h-S-°m-c≥, `rXI ˛ `rXy≥, oN ˛ oN≥, IncmX(I) ˛ Im´m-f≥, ZpjvS≥ AbkvImcm ˛ sIm√≥ (C-cpºp ]Wn-°m-c≥), Z¥n ˛ B, Ic-Sm ˛ Im°, ]nIm- ˛ Ipbn¬, cmlp, tIXp [zm¥m-Jy-tbmx ˛ Xtam{Kl߃°v, cmlptIXp°ƒ°v ([zm¥w ˛ Ccp´v, BJytbm ˛ F∂p t]cmbh) _u≤ ˛ _u≤≥ (_p≤-a-X-mpbmbn, Alnμp), AlnXpfinI ˛ ]mºp ]nSpØ°mc≥, ]mºm´n, Jc ˛ IgpX AP ˛ BSv IrI(hmIw) ˛ Iqhp∂ ]£n, ]qh≥ tImgn Djv{SIw ˛ H´Iw. k¿∏ ˛ ]mºv, aiI ˛ sImXpIv,
  • 46. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 41 a°pW ˛ aq´, Iran, ˛ sIm®p {]mWn-Iƒ D-eqI ˛ aqß. (IpPp ]d™ BSpw tImgnbpw ChnsS ho≠pw h∂Xns‚ ImcWw IpPhXv tIXp F∂ nbaambncn°Ww.), {Kl-ß-fpsS i{Xp-an-{XXzw (21) kuayx ktam¿°-P-kn-Xm-h-lnXu Jcmw-tim˛ cntμm¿lnXu chn-_p-[m-h-]tc kamx kypx `uaky aμ-`rKpPu Xp kau cn]p¿⁄˛ kuayky ioX-Kp-c-cn- p-lrZu knXm¿°u. (22) kptc¿Zznju Ihn _p[u chn-P- ax kym˛ ∑≤yu Ith¿Kp-cp-IpPu kplrZu in⁄u Poh-x- kax knXhnZu chn-Pky ant{X t⁄bm Ap-‡-J-N-cmkvXp XZ-yYm kypx. kqcy-v Jcmw-tim kuay ktam ˛ kqcy-v -_p[≥ ka≥, A¿°P knX AhlnXu ˛ inbpw ip{Ipw i{Xp°ƒ. N{μ-v Ctμmx lnXu chn-_p-[ ˛ N{μ-v an{X߃ kqcypw _p[-pw, A]tc kamx ˛ addp-≈-h¿ k-a-∑m¿. (N-{μp i{Xp-°-fn-√). IpPv `uaky aμ-`r-KpPu Xp kau ˛ IpPv inbpw ip{Ipw ka-∑m¿, cn]p¿⁄ ˛ _p[≥ i{Xp-. _p[-v kuayky ioXKpx Acn ˛ _p[-v N{μ-≥ i{Xp, knXm¿°u kplrZ ˛ ip{Ipw kqcy-pw an{X߃.
  • 47. ^eZo]nI 42 Kpcphnv kptcx Zznju Ihn-_p-[u ˛ ip{Ipw_p[pw hym-g-Ønp i{Xp-°-ƒ chn-P-x ka ˛ in ka≥ ip{Iv Ithx ˛ ip{Iv Kpcp-IpPu a≤yu ˛ Kpcphpw IpP-pw ka-∑m¿, in⁄u kplrZu ˛ inbpw _p[pw kplr-Øp-°ƒ. in-bv°p chn-Pky Pohx k--a ˛ in-bv°p Kpcp kapw knX-hnZu ant{X ˛ ip{Ipw _p[pw an{X-߃. t⁄bm Ap‡ JN-cmkvXp XZ-y-Ymkypx ˛ ap-I-fn¬ FSpØp ]d-bmØ {Kl-ß-fpsS Imcyw Duln-®p-sIm≈-Ww. (DZm-l-c- W-Ønv t«mI-Øn¬ in-bpsS kapw an{X-ßfpw am{Xta ]d-™n-´p-≈q. i{Xp-hns‚ Imcyw Duln-°Ww.) {Kl-ß-fpsS Cu i{Xp-˛-an-{X-˛-ka _‘-Øns‚ ASn-ÿmw _rl-÷m-X-I-Øn¬ (2--˛15) ]d-bp∂p≠v: .. .ktXymt‡ kplrZkv{XntImW`hmXv kzmXv kzm¥y[o[¿Ω]mx tkz®mbp pJ]m› e£Whnt[¿˛ ∂mty hntcm[mZnXn. kXym-Nm-cy≥ ]d™n-´p-≈-X-p-k-cn®v kz¥w aqe-{Xn-tIm-W-cm-in-bn¬n∂pw, 2, 12, 5, 9 cmin-I-fpsS mY-∑mcpw, kz¥w D®cmin, Bbp v (8) kpJ (4) F∂n-h-bpsS mY-∑mcpw kplr-Øp-°ƒ BIp-∂p. Cu imkv{X-hn-[n°v ApkrXa√mØh kplr- Øp-°ƒ BIp-∂n-√. t«mIØn¬ ]d™Xp ]´nI cq]Ønem°ptºmƒ˛˛
  • 48. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 43 {Klw aqe-{Xn 2 12 5 9 D®w 8 4 kqcy≥ Nnßw I∂n I¿°-S [p taSw taSw aow hr›nIw c _p N Kp Ip Ip Kp Ip N{μ≥ CShw anYpw taSw I∂n aIcw CShw [p Nnßw ip _p Ip _p a ip Kp c IpP≥ taSw CShw aow Nnßw [p aIcw hr›n I¿°-SIw Ip ip Kp c Kp a Ip N _p[≥ I∂n Xpemw Nnßw aIcw CShw I∂n taSw [p _p ip c a- ip- _p- Ip Kp Kpcp [p aIcw hr›n taSw Nnßw I¿° I¿-° aow Kp a Ip Ip c N N Kp ip{I≥ Xpemw hr›n I∂n Ipw`w anYp aow CShw aIcw ip Ip _p a _p Kp ip a in Ipw`w aow aIcw anYp Xpemw Xpemw I∂n CShw a Kp a _p ip ip _p ip CXp-{]-Im-cw- Hmtcm {KlØnpw In´p∂ t]mb‚pIƒ c- N- Ip_p -Kp- ip a kqcyv ˛ 1 3 1 2 -˛ ˛ N{μv 1 ˛ 1 2 1 1 1 IpPv 1 1 ˛ 1 2 1 1 _p[v 1 ˛ 1 1 1 2 1 Kpcp-hnv 1 2 2 ˛ 1 ˛ 1 ip{Iv ˛ ˛ 1 2 1 1 2 in°v ˛ ˛ ˛ 2 1 3 1 CXpsh®p i{Xpan{Xßsf ImWp∂ hn[w˛˛ 1. c≠p cmin-I-fpsS B[n-]-Xy-ap-≈-h¿ ˛ c≠p h∂m¬ an{Xw 2 Hcp cmin-bpsS B[n-]-Xy-ap-≈-h¿ ˛ H∂p h∂mepw an{Xw 3 c≠p cmin-I-fpsS B[n-]-Xy-ap-≈-h¿ ˛ H∂p h∂m¬ ka≥ 4 H∂pw hcm-Øh i{Xp.
  • 49. ^eZo]nI 44 AXp{]Imcw˛ an{Xw ka≥ i{Xp kqcyv NIpKp _p ipa N{μv c_p IpKp-ipa C√ IpPv cNKp ip a _p _p[v c ip IpKpa N Kpcp-hnv cNIp a _pip ip{Iv _pa IpKp cN in°v _pip Kp cNIp ^eZo]nI{]Imcap≈ i{Xpan{XXzhpw CXpXs∂bmWv. an{Xw ka≥ i{Xp kqcyv N{μ≥, IpP≥, Kpcp _p[≥ ip{I≥ in N{μv chn, _p[≥ IpP≥, Kp-cp, ip{I≥, in C√ IpPv chn, N{μ≥, Kpcp ip{I≥, in _p[≥ _p[v chn, ip{I≥ IpP≥, Kpcp, in N{μ≥ Kpcp-hnv chn, N{μ≥, IpP≥ in _p[≥, ip{I≥ ip{Iv _p[≥, in IpP≥, Kpcp chn, N{μ≥ in°v _p[≥, ip{I≥ Kpcp chn,N{μ≥,IpP≥ CXphsc ]d™Xv {KlßfpsS ssk¿§nI i{Xpan{X AhÿbmWv. Cn Xm¬°menI i{Xpan{Xmhÿ ]dbp∂p. (23) Atymyw {Xnkp-J-kz-Jm-¥y-`-h-Km-kvX¬Im-e-an-{Xm-Wyao Xss∂-k¿§n-I-a-]y-th£y IY-tb-Ø-kym-Xn-an-{Xm-ln-Xm≥ iucymt-⁄- c-hntPm Kpcp¿Kpcp-kpXu `ua-›Xp¿∞m-jvSau ]q¿Æw ]iyXn k]vX-a© kI-em-kvtX-jzw-{Ln-hr≤ym{Iam¬. {Kl-ß-fpsS Xm¬°m-enI i{Xp-an-{Xmhÿ Atymyw {Xn kp-J -kz- J - A¥y- `-hKm- XX¬Im-e-an-{Xm-Wn ˛ Hcp{KlØn¬ n∂pw 3, 4, 2, 10, 12, 11 `mhßfn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl߃ X¬°mean{XßfmWv. XXv ssk¿§n-Iw- A]n A-th£y IY-tb-Xv Xky A-Xn-an-{Xm ˛ ssk¿§nI_‘wIqSn tm°n AXnan{Xw XpSßnbh ]dbWw. Hcp PmX-I-Øn¬ Hcp {Kl-Øns‚ ]n∂nse aq∂p cmin-Ifnepw (10,11,12) ap∂nse aq∂p cmin-Ifnepw (2, 3, 4) n¬°p∂ {Kl-߃ B PmX-I-Øn¬ B {Kl-Øns‚ X¬°m-
  • 50. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 45 e-an-{X-ß-fm-Wv. CX-√m-Øh (5 apX¬ 9 hsc `mh-ß-fn¬ n¬°p-∂h), X¬°m-e-i-{Xp-°- fp-am-Ip-∂p. Cu X¬°me _‘hpw 21, 22 t«mI-ß-fn¬ ]d™ ssk¿§n-I-_-‘hpw tN¿Øp Nn¥n-°-Ww. AXm-b-Xv˛˛- XXv°m-e-an{Xw + ssk¿§nIan{Xw = AXnan{Xw XXv°m-e-an{Xw + ssk¿§nI i{Xp = ka≥ XXv°m-e-an{Xw + ssk¿§nIka≥ = an{Xw XXv°m-e-i{Xp + ssk¿§nIi{Xp = AXni{Xp XXv°m-e-i{Xp + ssk¿§nIan{Xw = ka≥ XXv°m-e-i{Xp + ssk¿§nIka≥ = i{Xp- {Kl-ß-fpsS ZrjvSn (ho-£Ww) ....iucym⁄m- c-hntPm Kpcp¿Kpcp-kpXu `ua-›Xp¿∞m-jvSau ]q¿Æw ]iyXn k]vX-a© kI-em-kvtX-jzw-{Ln-hr≤ym {Iam¬. ]q¿Æw ]iyXn k]vX-aw N kI-em-x ˛ F√m- {Kl߃°pw Ggntebv°p ]q¿ÆZrjvSnbp≠v. iucy B-⁄m- c-hntPm -˛ inbv°v 3, 10 Kpcpx Kpcp-kpXu ˛ Kpcp-hnv 9, 5, `ua -NXp¿∞ AjvSau ˛ IpPv 4, 8. F∂nßs hntijZrjvSnIfp≠v. Aw-{Ln-hr≤ym {Iam¬ ˛ ]mZhr≤n{IaØn¬ (]mZZrjvSnbpap≠v.) 1) km[mcW ZrjvSnbpw hntijZr-jvSn-bpw F√m- {Kl߃°pw Ggn-te-bv°p≈ ]q¿Æ-Zr-jvSn-bv°p ]pdsa in (3˛10), Kpcp (5˛9), IpP≥ (4˛8) F∂nßs hntijZr-jvSn-bpap≠v. hnti-j-Zr-jvSnbpw ]q¿Æ-Zr- jvSn-bm-Wv. Hcp `mhØn¬ n¬°p∂ {KlØnv as‰mcp`mhØntebv°p≈ ZrjvSn kmamy ambn ]d™XmWv. tcJmwiØn¬ n∂pw tcJmwiØntebv°mWv ZrjvSn hcp∂Xv. AXmbXv˛˛ {Klw ZrjvSn tcJmwiw 1. kqcy≥ 7 180 2. N{μ≥ 7 180 3. IpP≥ 4, 7, 8 90, 180, 210 4. _p[≥ 7 180 5. hymgw 5, 7, 9 120,180, 240 6. ip{I≥ 7 180 7. in 3, 7, 10 60, 180, 270
  • 51. ^eZo]nI 46 DZmlcWw: IpPkv^pSw 0˛5˛0 (taSw 5) BsW¶n¬ 7˛tebv°p≈ ZrjvSn hcpI 185 Un{Knbntebv°v (Xpemw 5 tebv°v) BWv. hmkvXhØn¬ 185 Un{KnbpsS 15 Un{Kn A∏pdtØbv°pw 15 Un{Kn C∏pdtØbv°pw am{XamWv ZjvSn hcp∂Xv.. AXmbXv, XpemØn¬ 20 Un{Kn°∏pdw n¬°p∂ {KlØnp IpPZrjvSn C√. 2) ]mZZrjvSn Aw-{Ln-hr≤ym {Iam¬ ˛ ]mZ-hr≤n Ap-k-cn®v Ah-bpsS ZrjvSn-bpsS Ap-]m-Xhpw Im¬ (3˛-10), Ac (5˛9), ap°m¬ (4˛8) F∂ {IaØn¬ h¿≤n®phcp∂p. 1, 2, 6, 11, 12 `mhßfntebv°v Hcp Xcw ZrjvSnbpan√. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 kqcy≥ ˛ ˛ 1 /4 3 /4 1 /2 ˛ 1 3 /4 1 /2 1 /4 ˛ ˛ N{μ≥ ˛ ˛ 1 /4 3 /4 1 /2 ˛ 1 3 /4 1 /2 1 /4 - - IpP≥ ˛ ˛ 1 /4 1 1 /2 ˛ 1 1 1 /2 1 /4 - - _p[≥ ˛ ˛ 1 /4 3 /4 1 /2 ˛ 1 3 /4 1 /2 1 /4 - - Kpcp ˛ ˛ 1 /4 3 /4 1 ˛ 1 3 /4 1 1 /4 ˛ ˛ ip{I≥ ˛ ˛ 1 /4 3 /4 1 /2 ˛ 1 3 /4 1 /2 1 /4 - - in ˛ ˛ 1 3 /4 1 /2 - 1 3 /4 1 /2 1 - - (24) kqcym-tZ-c-bw £tWm Zn-ar-Xp¿Ωm-k› ]£-»c˛ Zzn{]-»p-{I-Kpcp chn-£n-Xn-kpXu N{μu _pt[m f ¥y»nx {]mlp¿ -Xz-c-P-kvX-amwkn iin-Kp¿h¿°mx Ihn⁄u ]tc {Kojvam-Z¿°-IpPu iio iin-kptXm Poh-»-n¿`m¿§hx. Ime-n¿Æbw kqcym-tZx ˛ -kqcy≥ apXemb {Klßsfs°m≠p Nn¥n t°≠Xv: kqcy≥ Abw ˛ 6 amkw, N{μ≥ £W ˛ 2 mgnI, IpP≥ Zn- ˛ 1 Znhkw, _p[≥ EXp ˛ 2 amkw, hymgw ˛ 1 am-kw, ip{I≥ ]£-w ˛ 15 Znhkw, in icx ˛ 1 h¿jw.
  • 52. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 47 h¿Æw: hn{]- ip-{I-Kpcp, ˛ ip{Ipw Kpcphpw {_m“W¿, chn-£n-Xn-kpXu, ˛ kqcypw IpPpw £{Xnb¿ Nt{μm_pt[m, ˛ N{μpw _p[pw sshiy¿ A¥yx inx ˛ in A¥yP≥ (NmXp¿h¿WyØnse AhkmsØ PmXn, iq{Z≥). hymJymt`Zw: _p[≥˛iq{Z≥, in˛A¥yP≥, Ah¿Æ≥ KpWw: k-Xz -c-P- X-amwkn ˛ kmXznIw cmPknIw XmaknIw F∂o {XnKpW߃°v {IaØn¬, iin -Kpcp A¿°mx ˛ N{μpw Kpcphpw kqcypw (kmXznIw), Ihn ⁄u ˛ ip{Ipw _p[pw (cmPknIw), ]tc ˛ a‰p≈h¿ (IpPpw inbpw: XmaknIw) EXp°ƒ: {Kojvam-Xv ˛ {Kojvaw XpSßnb Bdp EXp°fpsS ImcI∑-m¿: A¿°-IpPu ˛ kqcypw IpPpw, ({Kojvaw), iio ˛ N{μ≥ (h¿jw), iin-kptXm ˛ _p[≥ (icXv), Pohx ˛ hymgw (tla¥w), in ˛ (inincw), `m¿Kh ˛ ip{I≥ (hk¥w) Imew, h¿Æw, KpWw, EXp (]´nI cq]Øn¬) {Klw Imew h¿Æw KpWw EXp 1. kqcy≥ 6 amkw £{Xnb kmXznIw {Kojvaw 2. N{μ≥ 2 mgnI sshiy kmXznIw h¿jw 3. IpP≥ 1 Znhkw £{Xnb Xma-knIw {Kojvaw 4. _p[≥ 2 amkw sshiy cmP-knIw icXv 5. hymgw 1 amkw {_m“W≥ kmXznIw tla¥w 6. ip{I≥ 15 Znhkw {_m“-W≥ cmPknIw hk¥w 7. in 1 h¿jw iq{Z≥ Xma-knIw inincw
  • 53. ^eZo]nI 48 (25) XmXmwt_ chn-`m¿§hu Znhn nin {]m`m-I-co-μp -kvarXu XZvhy-kvtX ]nXrhy-amXr`Kn-o-kw⁄m XZm XZv{Iam¬ hmam-£o-μp-cntm f yZ£n IYntXm `uax In-jvTm-ptPm Pothm tPyjvTktlm-Z-c-»-in-kptXm ZØm-flPx kw⁄n-Xx. _‘pImcIXzhpw t{XImcIXzhpw 1. XmXmwt_ ˛ A—pw AΩbpw, ({IaØn¬) chn-`m¿§hu ˛ kqcypw ip{Ipw, Znhn ˛ ]I¬. -- nin ˛ cm{Xnbn¬, {]m`m-I-co-μp - ˛ inbpw N{μpw, 2. XZv hykvtX, ]nXrhy -amXr`Kn-o- kw⁄m.... ˛ ]nXmhns‚ ktlmZcpw amXmhns‚ ktlmZcnbpw (hn]coXambpw {IaØnepw), 3. hmam-£n Cμp ˛ N{μ≥ CSXp IÆv, Ctm AyXv A£n ˛ kqcy≥ heXp IÆv 4. `uax In-jvTm-ptPm ˛ IpP≥ ApP≥, Pothm tPyjvTktlm-Z-c˛hymgw tPyjvT≥, iin-kptXm ZØm-flP ˛ _p[≥ ZØp]p{X≥. {Klw ]I¬ cm{Xn F√mbvt∏mgpw kqcy≥ ]nXmhv ]nXrktlmZc≥ heXp IÆv in ]nXrktlmZc≥ ]nXmhv .... N{μ≥ amXrktlmZcn amXmhv CSXp IÆv ip{I≥ amXmhv amXrktlmZcn . ... IpP≥ ˛ ˛ CfbktlmZc≥ _p[≥ ˛ ˛ ZØp]p{X≥ Kpcp ˛ ˛ tPyjvTktlmZc≥ (26) tZtlm tZln lna-cp-Nn-cn--kvXzn-{μn-bm--Wym-c-]q¿hm BZn-Xy-Zzn-UvKp-fn-I-in-Jn-kvXky ]oUm-Icmx kypx K‘x kutaym `rKp-P-i-inu Zzu cku kqcy-`uau cq]u i_vtZm Kpcp-cY ]tc kv]¿i-kw⁄mx {]Zn-jvSm-x
  • 54. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 49 tZlw, tZln tZtlm tZln lna-cp-Nn- C ˛ N{μ≥ tZl (icoc)ImcI≥, kqcy≥ tZln (Bfl) ImcI≥, C{μnbm--Wn Bc-]q¿hm ˛ IpP≥ XpS-ßn-b (A©p) {Kl߃ C{μnb߃, Kp-fn-I -in-Jn- Xky ]oUm-Icmx kypx ˛ Kpfn-Ipw cmlp-tI-Xp-°fpw iey-Im-cn-I-fp-am-Ip-∂p. K‘ ck cq] i_vZ kv]¿i Imc-IXzw K‘x kutaym ˛ _p[≥ K‘-Im-c-I-pw, `rKp-P -i-inu Zzu cku ˛ ip{Ipw N{μpw ck-Im-c-I-∑m-cpw, kqcy-`uau cq]u ˛ kqcypw IpPpw cq]-Im-c-I-∑m-cpw, i_vtZm Kpcp- AY ˛ Kpcp i_vZImc-Ipw, ]tc kv]¿i- ˛ a‰p {Kl-߃ (a, k, in) kv]¿i- Im-c-I-cp-am-Ip-∂p. (27) £otWμz¿°-Ip-Pm-ln-tI-Xp-c-hnPmx ]m]- -]m-]-›-hnXv ¢o_mx tIXp-_p-[m¿°-Pm-x iinX-ax -ip-{Im-x kv{Xntbm f ty cmx cp{Zmw_m Kpl -hn-jvWp -[m-Xr- I-a-em- Im-em-lyPm tZh-Xm˛  qcym-Zy-·n- `q-an- J -]-tbm- hm-bzm-fl-Imx -kyp¿{Klmx. {Kl-ß-fpsS ip`]m]Xzw £otWμp ˛ £oW-N-{μ≥, A¿° ˛ kqcy≥, IpP≥, ˛ IpP≥ Aln ˛ cmlp, tIXp, ˛ tIXp c-hnPmx ˛ in, ]m] ˛ Ch¿ ]m]-∑m-cm-Ip∂p, k]m] N -hnXv ˛ ]m]-tm-Sp-Iq-Snb _p[pw (]m]-m-Ip-∂p.) ip`≥ ]m]≥ 1. ]£_eap≈ N{μ≥ 1. kqcy≥ 2. ]m]tbmKan√mØ _p[≥ 2. ]£_ean√mØ N{μ≥ 3. Kpcp 3. IpP≥ 4. ip{I≥ 4. ]m]tbmKap≈ _p[≥ 5. in 6. cmlp 7. tIXp
  • 55. ^eZo]nI 50 ssk¿§nI]m]∑-m¿: ]m]∑-m¿ F∂p s]mXphmbn ]dbptºmƒ kqcy≥, IpP≥, in F∂o aq∂p {Kl߃ am{Xta AXn¬ s]Sp∂p≈q. F∂m¬ kqcys‚ ASpØpn¬°ptºmƒ N{μpw ]m]∑-mcpsSIqsS n¬°ptºmƒ _p[pw ]m]cmbnamdp∂p. N{μs‚ ]£_ew: kqcypambp≈ AI¬®bpw ASp∏hpamWv N{μs‚ ip`]m]Xzw n¿Æbn°p∂Xv. kqcyn¬n∂pw G‰hpw AIse n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ (]q¿ÆN{μ≥) ip`mWv. IdpØ hmhp Ign™v F´mw ZnhkwapX¬°mWv N{μs‚ ]£_ew Bcw`n°p∂Xv. shfpØ hmhn≥mfn¬ AXp ]q¿Æ amIpw. AhnSp∂tßm´v _ew Ipdbm≥ XpSßpw. shfpØ hmhv Ign™v GgmwmfmIptºmtgbv°pw AXp Xosc C√mXmIpw. shfpØ]£w AjvSan apX¬ N{μp sK‰ohv _eamWv. Cdßn Cdßn N{μ≥ IdpØ hmhnseØptºmƒ (kqcys‚ G‰hpw ASpØv FØptºmƒ) qdp iXamhpw ]m]^eamIpw. ASpØ ZnhkwapX¬ Ib‰w Bcw`n°pw. F´mw Znhkw ip`XzØntebv°p IS°pw. (Aamhmkn˛]u¿ÆanIfpsS tPymXn »mkv{XXXzw Adn™m¬ C°mcyw IqSpX¬ hy‡amIpw.) _p[s‚ ]m]Xzw _p[≥ kzXth ip`mWv. F∂m¬ _p[≥ n¬°p∂ AtX cminbn¬ ]m]{Klßfmb kqcy≥, IpP≥, in Chcn¬ Bsc¶nepw IqsS n¬∏ps≠¶n¬ _p[≥ ]m]mIpw. kv{Xo, ]p-cpj≥, ]pwkIw ¢o_mx tIXp- _p-[ A¿°-Pm-x ˛ tIXp-, _p-[≥, in Ch¿ ]pw-kIßfpw, iin X-a ip-{Im-x kv{Xntbm ˛ N-{μ≥, cm-lp, ip{I≥ Ch¿ kv{XoIfpw, Aty cmx ˛ a‰p-≈-h¿ (kq-cy≥, IpP≥, Kpcp) ]pcp-j-{K-l-ß-fp-am-Ip-∂p. {Kl-ß-fpsS tZhXIƒ cp{Z ˛ inh≥, Aw_m ˛ {io]m¿hXn, Kpl ˛ kp{_-“-Wy≥, - hnjvWp, - [m-Xr ˛ {_“mhv, - I-a-e ˛ alme£van, Ime ˛ b-a≥, Aln ˛ k¿∏w, APm ˛ amb.
  • 56. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 51 ]©`qXImcIXzw kqcymXv ˛ kqcy≥ apX-¬°v, A·n,`q-an-,J,BImi,-]-b ˛ Pew, hm-bp F∂o ]©-`q-X-ßfpsS Imc-I-Xzhpw. {Klw enwKw- tZ-hX ]©`qXw 1. kqcy≥ ]pcp-j≥ inh≥ A·n 2. N{μ≥ kv{Xo ]m¿h-Xn Pew 3. IpP≥ ]pcp-j≥ kp{_-“-Wy≥ A·n 4. _p[≥ ]pw-kIw hn-jvWp `qan 5. Kpcp ]pcp-j≥ {_“m-hv. BImiw 6. ip{I≥ kv{Xo e£van Pew 7. in ]pw-kIw ba≥ hmbp 8. cmlp kv{Xo k¿∏w ˛ 9 tIXp ]pw-kIw ambmtZhn ˛ (28) tKm[qaw X¨Upew ssh Xne-N-W-I-Ipep∞mV-Iiym-a-apZvKm˛ ∂njv]m-hm- am-j-a¿t°-μz-kn-X-Kp-cp-in-Jn{Iqc-hn-Zv`r-Kz-lox t`mKo-m¿°ym-c-Po-h-⁄-i-in-inJn-kn-tXjzw_-cmJyw IenwKw kucm-jv{Sm-h¥n kn‘q≥ kpa-K-[-b-h-m≥ ]¿h-Xm≥ IoISmw›. [m-y-ßfpw ]b-dp-h¿§-ß-fpw A¿t° ˛ kqcyv tKm[qaw ˛ tKmXºv Cμp ˛ N{μv X¨Upew ˛ Acn Akn-X ˛ in°v Xne ˛ F≈v Kp-cp ˛ hymgØnv N-W-I ˛ ISe in-Jn ˛ tIXphnv Ipep∞ ˛ apXnc {Iqc ˛ IpPv BV-Io ˛ Xphc hnZv ˛ _p[v iym-a- ˛ Nma `rKp ˛ ip{Iv ap-ZvKm ˛ sNdp-]-b¿ Aln ˛ cmlphnv am-jw ˛ Dgp∂v tZiImc-IXzw {Klw tZiw t`mKo ˛ cmlp Aw_cw C≥ ˛ kqcy≥ IenwKw A¿°n ˛ in kucmjv{Sw Bc ˛ IpP≥ Ah¥n
  • 57. ^eZo]nI 52 Poh ˛ hymgw kn‘p ⁄ ˛ _p[≥ aK[ iio ˛ N{μ≥ bhw inJn tIXp ]¿hXw knX ˛ ip{I≥ IoISw (29) amWn-Iy-w XctWx kp[m-cy-a-aew ap‡m-^ew ioX-tKm¿˛ Ωmtl-bky N hn{Zpaw ac-IXw kuayky Kmcp-flXw tZth-Uyky N ]pjycm-K-a-kp-cmam-Xyky h{Pw it¿˛ oew n¿Ω-ea-ytbm› KZntX tKmta-Zssh-Uq-cy-tI. cXvImc-IXzw 1. amWn-Iy-w XctWx ˛ kqcyv amWnIyw 2. kp[m-cy-w Aaew ap‡m-^ew ioX-Kp ˛ N{μv apØv 3. amtl-bky N hn{Zpaw ˛ IpPv ]hngw 4. ac-IXw kuayky ˛ _p[v ac-XIw 5. Kmcp-flXw tZth-Uyky ]pjycm-K-w ˛ hymgØnv ]pjycmKw 6. Akp-cmam-Xyky sshcw ˛ ip{Iv h{Pw 7. itx oew n¿Ωew ˛ in°v C{μoew Aytbm N KZntX tKmta-Zssh-Uq-cy-tI. 8. cmlphnv ˛ tKmta[w 9. tIXphnv ˛ sshUqcyw (30) Xm{ax Imwkyw [mXp-Xm{aw {X]p- ymXv kz¿Æw cu]yw Nmbkw `mkvI-cmtZx hkv{Xw XØ-Zz¿Æ-bp‡w hntijmXv Po¿Æw aμ-kym-·n-ZKv[w IpP-ky. temlImc-IXzw (Xm{ax Imwkyw....) `mkvI-cmtZx ˛ kqcy≥ apX-em-b-h¿°v 1. kqcy≥ ˛ Xm{ax - ˛ sNºv 2. N{μ≥ ˛ Imwkyw ˛ Iq´p-temlw 3. IpP≥ ˛ [mXp-, Xm{aw ˛ [mXp{Zhyw, sNºv
  • 58. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 53 4. _p[≥ ˛ {X]p ˛ Cøw 5. hymgw ˛ kz¿Æw ˛ kz¿Æw 6. ip{I≥ ˛ cu]yw ˛ sh≈n 7. in ˛ Bbkw ˛ Ccpºv hkv{XImc-IXzw hkv{Xw XØXv h-¿Æ-bp‡w ˛ Hmtcm {KlØnpw ]d-™n-´p≈ nd-Øn-ep≈ hkv{X-߃, hntijmXv Po¿Æw aμ-ky ˛ hntijn®pw in Po¿Æn® hkv{X Ønt‚bpw, A-·n-ZKv[w IpP-ky ˛ IpP≥ Xo ]nSn® (IØnb) hkv{X Øn-s‚bpw Imc-I-∑m-cm-Ip-∂p. (31) `mtmx ISp¿`q-an-kp-Xky Xn‡w emh-Wy-an-tμm-cY N{μ-Pky an{io-IrXw b∑-[pcw KptcmkvXp ip{Iky Nmæ© itx Ijm-bx. ck-Im-c-IXzw `mtmx ISpx ˛ kqcy≥ ISp-c-kw, `q-an- kp-Xky Xn‡w ˛ IpP≥ Ibv]v, emh-Wy-w C-tμm ˛ N{μ≥ D∏v, N{μ-Pky an{io-IrXw ˛ _p[≥ an{iw, a-[pcw Kptcmx ˛ hymgw a[pcw, ip{Iky Aæw ˛ ip{I≥ ]pfn, itx Ijm-bx ˛ in Ijmbw (Nh¿∏v). {Klw hkv{Xw ckw 1. kqcy≥ Imhn ISp-c-kw, 2. N{μ≥ sh≈ D∏v 3. IpP≥ NpI∏v, Xo-]n-Sn-®X v. Ibv∏v 4. _p[≥ ]® an{ickw 5. hymgw a™ a[pcw 6. ip{I≥ sh≈ Aæw 7. in Po¿Æn-®, IdpØ, Ijmbw
  • 59. ^eZo]nI 54 (32) `mkzZv Kojv]Xn N{μP £nXn-`phmw kym±-£ntWemRvOw tijm-Wm-an-X-c{X Xn‹-In-c-Wm¬ ISymw incx ]rjvTtbmx It£w f tk hZt N kIvYn-N-ctW Nn”w hbmw-ky¿°tXm tta, Zm, XSw, Jw, K, kn,- ⁄m-m-Vy, ·m-S-w. ASbmf߃ `mkzZv ˛ kqcy≥, Kojv]Xn ˛ hymgw, N{μP ˛ _p[≥, £nXn-`phw ˛ IpP≥, kymXv Z£ntW ˛ Ch-bv°p heXp hiØpw tijm-Wm-w CX-c A{X Xn‹IncWm¬ ˛- _m°n-bp-≈-hbv°p (N{μ≥, ip{I≥, in, cmlp, tIXp) CSXp hiØpw, em©w ˛ AS-bm-f-߃ D≠m-Ipw. ISymw ˛ kqcyv Ac-bnepw, incx ˛ N{μp inc- nepw, ]rjvTtbmx ˛ IpPp ]rjvT-`m-KØpw, It£ ˛ _p[p I£-Ønepw, Awtk ˛ hymg-Ønp tXmfnepw, hZt ˛ ip{Ip apJØpw, kIvYn N-ctW ˛ in°p XpSbnepw ]mZ-Ønepw, Nn”w ˛ AS-bm-f-߃ D≠m-Ipw. {Klw hiw Ahbhw 1. kqcy≥ heXv Ac-bn¬ -- 2. N{μ≥ CSXv inc- n¬ -- 3. IpP≥ heXv ]rjvT-`m-KØv / ]n∂n¬ 4. _p[≥ heXv I£-Øn¬ -- 5.hygw heXv tXmfn¬ -- 6. ip{I≥ CSXv apJØv 7. in CSXv XpSbnepw ]mZ-Ønepw {Kl߃ kqNn∏n°p∂ {]mbw ....hbmw-ky¿°tXm tta, Zm, XSw, Jw, K, kn,- ⁄m-m-Vy, ·m-S-w.
  • 60. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 55 hbmw-kn A¿°tXm ˛ kqcy≥ apX¬°p≈hcpsS hb v (A£ckwJybn¬): A£-c-kwJy {Klw hb v tta - --˛ 05 - ˛ 50. kqcy≥ 50 Zm ˛ 80 ˛ 08 N{μ≥ 8 XSw 61 ˛ 16 IpP≥ 16 Jw ˛ 02 ˛ 20 _p[≥ 20 K ˛ 03 ˛ 30 hymgw 30 kn ˛ 70 ˛ 07 ip{I≥ 7 ⁄m-m-Vy, 001 in 100 ·m-S-w. 001 cmlp 100 (IS-]-bmZn A£-c-kwJybv°v Ap_‘w ˛ 1 ImWpI) (33) oe-Zyp-Xn¿±o¿L-Xpx Iph¿Æx ]mao N ]mj-WvU-a-X- -ln°x Ak-Xy-hmZo I]So N cmlpx IpjvTo ]cm-∂n-μXn _p≤n-lo-x. cmlpkzcq]w oe-Zyp-Xn ˛ oe ndw, Zo¿L-Xpx ˛ o≠ (Dbcap≈) ico-c-w, Iph¿Æx ˛ IogvPmXn, ]mao ˛ - XzIv tcmK-ß-ƒ D≈h≥, ]mj-WvU-a-X-x ˛ nco-iz-c-aX°mc≥, kl C°x ˛ C°nƒ, Ak-Xy-hmZo ˛ pW-b≥, I]So ˛ Im]-Sy°mc≥, IpjvTo ˛ IpjvTtcmKn, ]cm-≥ nμXn ˛ a‰p≈-hsc nμn-°p-∂-h≥, _p≤n-lo-x ˛ _p≤niqy≥. (34) ct‡m-{K-Zr-jvSn¿hn-j-hm-Kp-Z-{K˛ tZlx kikv{Xx ]Xn-X› tIXpx [q{a-Zyp-Xn¿[q-a] Gh nXyw {hWm¶n-Xmw-K› Irtim riw-kx.
  • 61. ^eZo]nI 56 tIXp-kz-cq]w ct‡m-{K-Zr-jvSn ˛ Nph∂ D{K-amb IÆp-Iƒ, hn-j-hm-Iv ˛ hnjw han-°p∂ hm°v, DZ-{KtZl ˛ henb ico-cw, k-ikv{Xx ˛ Bbp-[-[m-cn, ]Xn-X› - ˛ {`jvS≥, [q{a-Zyp-Xn¿ ˛ I-dp∏pw NpI∏pw tN¿∂ ndw, [q-a] Gh nXyw- ˛ ]pI han°p∂-h≥, - hWmw-In-Xmw-K› ˛ apdn-∏m-Sp≈ AhbtØmSpIqSnbh≥. Irtim ˛ saen™h≥, riw-kx - ˛ {Iqc≥ (35) kokw N Po¿Æ-h-kw Xa-kkvXp tItXm¿˛ arZv`m-Pw hnhn-[-Nn-{X-]Sw {]ZnjvSw an{XmWn hn—-n-kn-Xm-kvX-a-tkm¿Zz-tbmkvXp `ua tam nK-ZntXm cn]p-h› tijmx. cmlp tIXp°fpsS ]m{Xw, hkv{Xw Xa-kx kokw N Po¿Æ-h-kw ˛ cmlphnv Cø-∏m-{Xhpw Po¿Æ- hkv{Xhpw, tItXmx arZv`m-Pw hnhn-[-Nn-{X-]Sw ˛ tIXp-hnv a¨]m-{X-hpw Nn{Xßfp≈ (]e ndßfp≈) hkv{Xhpw. cmlp tIXp°fpsS an{X-i-{Xp-°ƒ an{XmWn hnXv in- kn-Xm- X-a-tkmx Zz-tbmx ˛ Ombm-{K-l-߃ c≠npw (cmlptIXp °ƒ°v) _p[≥, in, ip{I≥ F∂n-h¿- an{X-ßfpw, `ua- ktam ˛ IpP≥ kapw, cn]p-h› tijmx ˛ ti-jn-®h i{Xp-°-fp-am-Ip-∂p. cmlp-tI-Xp-°-fpsS an{X-i{Xp {Kl-߃. _p[≥, ip{I≥, in, ˛ an{X-߃. kqcy≥, N{μ≥, hymgw ˛ i{Xp-°ƒ IpP≥ ˛ ka≥
  • 62. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 57 (36) aqtVm f ]n o-N-cn-]p-tKm f jvS-a-j-Uvhy-b-tÿm Zpxÿx kvartXm `hXn kpÿ CXo-X-c- ymXv Nt{μ hybm-b-X-p-j-Svkp-X-Im-a-kwtÿ tXmbm-`n-hr-≤n-anl iwkXn hr≤n-Im-tcy. {Kl߃ ZpÿnXcmIp∂sXt∏mƒ aqV ˛ auVy-ap≈ {Klw-, o-N- ˛ Xs‚ oN-cm-in-bn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw, cn-]p-K ˛ Xs‚ i{Xp-t£-{X-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw, A-jvS-a- jUv hybÿ ˛ F´v, Bdv, ]{¥≠v `mh-ß-fn¬ n¬°p-∂- {Kl-߃, Zpxÿx `hXn kvarX ˛ Chsc√mw Zpÿn-X-sc-∂-dn-bpI. kpÿ CXn CX-cx kymXv ˛ a‰p {Kl-ß-sf√mw kpÿ-cpw B-Ip∂p. ÿnXnsIm≠v {]XnIqeamIp∂ {Kl߃ 1. auVyw: kqcys‚ ASpØv Hcp {]tXyI]cn[n°p≈nseØptºmgmWv {Kl߃°p auVyw F∂ _e°pdhv D≠mIp∂Xv. N{μ≥ -˛ 12T IpP≥ ˛ 17T _p[≥ 14T hymgw ˛ 11T ip{I≥ ˛ 10T in 16T kqcys‚ 17T Un{Kn ]cn[n°p≈n¬ (kqcys‚ A∏pdhpw C∏pdhpw) IpPp auVyap≠v. CXpt]mse a‰p≈h¿°pw Ah¿°p tsc ]d™ ]cn[n°p≈n¬ auVyap≠v. IpP≥, _p[≥, ip{I≥ F∂o aq∂p {Kl߃ h{IØn emsW ¶n¬ sNdnb hyXymkap≈Xmbpw ImWp∂p. h{IØnemsW¶n¬ IpPpw ip{Ipw 8T hscbpw _[p 12T hscbpw kqcys‚ ASpØp sN√mw. Kpcphn pw in°pw Cu hyXykw ImWp∂n√. N{μpw kqcys‚ 12 Un{Kn ]cn[n°p≈n¬ _e°pdhp≠v. F¶nepw AXp ]£_eØns‚ IW°n¬ hcp∂Xnm¬ auVyØnp thsd _e°pdhv FSp°mdn√. 2. oNÿnXn: A≤ymbw t«mIw ¬ {KlßfpsS oNÿm߃ ]d™n´p≠t√m. B ÿmßfpsS (tcJmwißfpsS) A∏pdØpw C∏pdØpw GItZiw 15T hsc oNØns‚ tZmjw ImWpw. {Klkv^pShpw oNÿmhpw XΩnep≈ ASp∏hpw AI¬®bpw {Kl_esØ Bp]mXnIambn _m[n°p∂p.
  • 63. ^eZo]nI 58 3. i{Xpt£{XÿnXn: A≤ymbw t«mIw ]d™n´p≈ {KlßfpsS an{X˛i{Xp_‘wXs∂bmWv CXnSnÿmw. N{μv i{Xp°fn√mØ Xnm¬ N{μs‚ t£{Xamb I¿°SIw B¿°pw i{Xpt£{Xa√. F∂m¬ _p[s kw_‘n®nStØmfw N{μ≥ i{XphmIbm¬ _p[t£{Xßfmb anYphpw I∂nbpw N{μp i{Xpt£{XßfpamWv. (BYntXbs‚ atm `mhamWv {][msa∂¿∞w). 4. ZpÿmÿnXn: ^eZo]nI Apkcn®v 6-˛8˛12 `mh-ß-ƒ Zpÿmßfpw AhnsS n¬°p∂ ip`{Kl߃ Xo¿Øpw Zp¿∫ecpamWv. PmXIN{μnI Apkcn®v 3˛6˛11 ÿmßfpw ZpÿmßfmWv. H∂pIqSn hy‡ambn ]dbpIbmsW¶n¬ 3˛6˛11 `mhßfn¬ kqcy≥, IqP≥, in, cmlp, tIXp F∂o ]m]∑-m¿ ApIqe^ew ¬Ipw. F´n¬ _p[pw ip{Ipw ]{¥≠n¬ ip{I≥am{XhpamWv. ApIqeambn hcp∂Xv. ÿnXnsIm≠v ApIqeamIp∂ {Kl߃ ta¬∏d™ mep XcØn¬s∏´ {Kl-߃ Zpxÿ-cpw (ÿn-Xn-sIm≠v Ap-Iq-e-a- √mØ-hbpw) ^e-Zm--hn-j-b-Øn¬ {]Xn-Iq-e-hp-amWv. A√m-Øh (AXm-bXv Cu tZmj- ߃ C√m-Øh) kpÿcpw AXp-Im-cWw A-p-Iq-e-cpw BIp-∂p. H∂pIqSn hy‡am°pIbmsW¶n¬ tZmjßsfm∂p ans√¶n¬ hn]coX^ew D≠mIpIbn√ Ft∂bp≈q. ip`^eap≠mIW sa¶n¬ D®w aqe{XtImWw, kzt£{Xw, an{Xt£{Xw XpSßnb ApIqecminIfnep≈ ÿnXn BhiyamWv. N{μpw thentb‰hpw ....Nt{μ hybm-b-X-p-j-Svkp-X-Im-a-kwtÿ tXmbm-`n-hr-≤n-anl iwkXn hr≤n-Im-tcy. Nt{μ ˛ N{μ≥ hyb ˛ 12 Bb ˛ 11 - X-p ˛ 1- j-Sv ˛ 6 kp-X- ˛ 5 Im-a ˛ 7 (F∂o ÿmßfn¬) kwtÿ ˛ n∂m¬ tXmbm-`n-hr-≤n-anl iwkXn hr≤n-Im-tcy...˛ hr≤nImcyØn¬ Pehr≤n ]dbWw.
  • 64. A≤ymbw 2. ({Klt`Zm≤ymbw) 59 kwKXn H‰ hcnbn¬ HXp°nbt∏mgp≠mb Ahy‡XImcWamImw ]ecpw ]e XcØnemWv CXp hymJymn®ncn°p∂Xv. (1) “thentb‰w D≠m°pw ” F∂p mWp]n≈ Bim≥. (2) CXntmSp tbmPn®psIm≠v sNdph≈n “tcmK£bmZn hnjb߃°v thentb‰w KpWas√∂pw CXpsIm≠v AdnbpIbpw thWw.” F∂p IqSn tN¿Øncn°p∂p. (3) “If there be a query whether water in a reservoir ( or in an irrigation project) will increase or decrease, increase in water should be predicted if the Moon be in the 12th, 11th, 1st, 6th, 5th or the 7th house at the time of the qyery”. -- G.S.Kapoor PmXI^ehpambn _‘s∏SpØmhp∂ GtXm Hcp kwlnXmnbaw kqNn∏n°pI am{XamWv at{¥izc≥ ChnsS sNbvXn´p≈Xv. AXv GXmsW∂v Is≠Ønbmte Cu {]ivØnsmcp ]cnlmcamIq. (37) A¥- m-c-k-ap-∂-X-{Zp-ccptWm h√o kntXμq kvarXu Kp¬ax tIXp-c-ln› I≠-I-Ku `uam¿°Pu Io¿ØnXu hmKo-i- -^-temf^-ex -i-in-kptXm £oc-{]-kq--{Zpau ipt{I-μq-hn-[p-tcm-j-[o-»-n-c-km-cm-Km› kme-{Zp-ax. hr£-mZn Im-c-IXzw A¥- m-c- k-ap-∂-X -{Zp- AcptWm˛ kqcyv ImX-ep≈ h∑-c-߃, h√o kntXμq kvarXu ˛ ip{Ipw N{μpw eX-Iƒ, Kp¬ax tIXp- Aln N ˛ cmlphpwtIXphpw ]p¬s°mSnIƒ, I≠-I-Ku `uam¿°Pu ˛ IpPpw inbpw ap≈p≈ ac-߃, hmKo-i- k-^-tem ˛ hymgw Imbv°p∂ hr£-߃, A-^-te i-in-kptXm ˛ _p[≥ Imbv°mØ acßfptSbpw, £oc-{]-kq--{Zpau ipt{I-μq- ˛ ]mepw ]qhpw D≈ ac߃ ip{Ipw, N{μpw, hn-[p Hm-j-[o- ˛ N{μ≥ Huj[nIƒ, in- A-km-cm-Km› kme-{Zp-ax ˛ inImXen√mØ acßfpw,]Ifpw.
  • 65. ^eZo]nI 60 ]´nI 1. kqcy≥ ˛ ImX-ep≈ h∑-c-߃, 2. N{μ≥ ˛ eX-Iƒ, ]mepw ]qhpw D≈ ac߃, Huj[nIƒ 3. IpP≥ ˛ ap≈p≈ ac-߃ 4. _p[≥ ˛ Imbv°mØ ac߃ 5. hymgw ˛ Imbv°p∂ hr£-߃ 6. ip{I≥ ˛ eX-Iƒ, ]mepw ]qhpw D≈ ac߃ 7. in ˛ ap≈p≈ ac-߃, ImXen√mØ ac߃, ]Iƒ 8. cmlp ˛ ]p¬s°mSnIƒ 9. tIXp ˛ ]p¬s°mSnIƒ
  • 66. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 61 A≤ymbw 3 h¿§ßfpw Awißfpw hnjbhnhcw t«mIw 1 Zi-h¿§w, h¿t§m-Øaw 2 k]vX-h¿§w, jUz¿§w, hmw-i^ew 3 h¿§-_ew, _memZn AhÿIƒ Zih¿§w hnhcWw 4 tlmc, t{Z°mWw, ZzmZ-imwiw, {Xnwimw-iw, hmwiw 5 jjvSywiw, 6 k]vXmwiw, Zimwiw, Iemwiw 7 {XtbmZih¿§w, DØamwiw XpSßnbh, ^e`mKw 8, 9 DØamwimZn ^ew 10 Zih¿§^ew, _memZn Ah-ÿm-^ew 11 jUz¿§^ew 12 tlmcm^ew e·Ønpw N{μpw _eaps≠¶n¬ ^ew {Xnwimwi^ew {]Zo-]vXmZn Ah-ÿIƒ 13, 14 t{Z°mWkzcq]w, ^ew 15 t{Z°mW˛{Xnwimwi˛ZzmZimwi˛tlmcmmY^e߃ 16 e·kwtim[w 17 N{μÿnXn^ew, {XnwimwiÿnXn^ew 18,19 {]Zo-]vXmZn Ah-ÿIƒ 20 {]Zo-]vXmZn Ah-ÿm^ew
  • 67. ^eZo]nI 62 h¿§_ew {Kl߃ XßfpsS Imc-I-Xzhpw `mhm-[n-]-Xyhpw Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^ew Xcp- ∂Xv Ah-cpsS Zi, A]-lmcw XpS-ßnb Ime-b-f-hp-I-fn-em-Wv. Cßs Ah ¬Ip∂ ^e-ß-fpsS IpSpX¬°pdhpIƒ Adnbp-∂-Xn-mWv {Kl-_ew IW-°m-°p-∂-Xv. AXmbXv _ew Ap-k-cn-®mWv {Kl߃ -^ew ¬Ip-I. _e-an-s√-¶n¬ ^ehp-an-√. _ew IqSpw-tXmdpw ^e-Zm--ti-jnbpw IqSn hcpw. ( {Kl߃ GsX¶nepw hn[Øn¬ (DZm: e·m[n]≥) ApIqeambm¬ am{Xw t]mcm, Bhiyamb _ew IqSn Ds≠¶n te Ahbv°p t`Zs∏´ ^ew ¬ImmIq.) _ew Adn-bp-∂-Xnv ]e coXn-Iƒ ne-hn-ep-≠v. ChnsS BZyw ]d-bp-∂Xv h¿§- _-esØ°pdn-®m-Wv. h¿§_ew ImWp ∂Xnv jUvh¿§w, k]vXh¿§w, Zih¿§w, tjmUih¿§w F∂nßs ]e h¿§ßƒ nehnep≠v. _ew ImWp∂Xn pam{Xa√ ^e{]hNØnpw Ch D]tbmKn°mdp≠v. (1) t£{X- {Xn-`m-K- -h-`m-K -Z-imw-i- tlm-cm˛ {Xnwimw-i- k-]vX-e-h -j-jvSn-ehmx Iemwimx tX ZzmZ-imw-i-k-lnXm Zi-h¿§-kw⁄m h¿t§m-Øtam nP-ntP `ht hmw-ix. Hcp cminbpsS 30 Un{Knsb 1, 2, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 16, 30, 60 F∂nßs ]Øp hn[Øn¬ `mKn®p ]Øp h¿§ßfm°n b XmWv Zih¿§w. Zi-h¿§w 1. t£{Xw ˛ cmin 2. {Xn`mKw ˛ t{Z°m-Ww 3. h-`mKw ˛ hmw-iw 4. Zimw-iw 5. tlmcm 6. {Xnwimwiw 7. k]vXeh ˛ k]vXmwiw 8. jjvSnehm ˛ jjvSywiw 9. Iemwiw ˛ tjmU-imwiw 10. ZzmZ-imwiw
  • 68. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 63 Zih¿§w ]´nI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 cmin tlmc t{Z°m-W k]vXmw hmw-i Zimw-i ZzmZ-im Iemwi {Xnwimw jjvSywi 30/1 30/2 30/3 30/7 30/9 30/10 30/12 30/16 30/30 30/60 30T 15T 10T 4T ˛17’˛18 3T ˛20’ 3T 2T ˛30’ 1T ˛52’˛30” 1T 1/2T h¿t§m-Øaw h¿t§m-Øtam nP-ntP `ht hmw-ix ˛ {Klw n¬°p∂ cmin-bn¬ Xs∂ Awin- °p-∂-XmWv h¿t§m-Øaw. cminbn¬ CS-h-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ hmw-i-Ønepw CS-h-Øn¬Xs∂ n∂m¬ AXp h¿t§m-Ø-a-am-bn. h¿t§m-Ø-aap≈ {Kl-Ønp _ew D≠v. (2) Zimw-ijjv-SywiIemw-i-lo-m˛ kvtX k]vX-h¿§m› hnk-]vX-amwimx jUz¿§-kw-⁄m-kvXzY cmin-`m-h˛ Xpeyw hmw-iky ^ew ln tINn-Xv. k]vX-h¿§w Zimw-i jjv-Sywi Iemw-i- lo-mx tX k]vX-h¿§mx ˛ Zi-h¿§-Øn¬ Zimw-iw, jjvSyw- iw, Iemwiw Ch-sbm-gn-®p-≈Xv k]vX-h¿§w. jUz¿§w hnk-]vX-amwimx jUz¿§-kw-⁄m-x ˛ k]vX-h¿§-Øn¬ n∂v k]vXmwiw Hgn-®p-≈Xv jUz¿§w. hnhn[h¿§ßƒ: Zih¿§w k]vXh¿§w jUv h¿§w 1. cmin 1. cmin 1. cmin 2. tlmc 2. tlmc 2. tlmc 3. t{Z°mWw 3. t{Z°mWw 3. t{Z°mWw 4. k]vXmwiw 4. k]vXmwiw .... 5. hmwiw 5. hmwiw 4. hmwiw 6. Zimwiw .... .... 7. ZzmZimwiw 6. ZzmZimwiw 5. ZzmZimwiw 9. Iemwiw .... .... 9. {Xnwimw 7. {Xnwimw 6. {Xnwimwiw 10. jjvSywiw .... ....
  • 69. ^eZo]nI 64 hmw-i^ew cmin-`m-hXpeyw hmw-iky ^ew ln tINn-Xv ˛ hmw-i-Ønv cmin°p Xpeyamb -{]m-[m- y-aps≠∂mWv Nne-cpsS A`n-{]m-bw. km[m-cW Hcp Xe-°p-dnbn¬ {Kl-ß-fpsS cminÿnXnbpw hmw-i-ÿn-Xnbpw sImSp-Øncn°pw. Ch c≠pw Xmc-Xayw sNbvXm¬ {Kl-_-e-Øns‚ Hcp GI-tZicq]w In´pw F∂mWp hnizmkw. hmwiw cmin-tb-°mfpw kq£vaamb `mK-am-b-Xn-m¬ hmwiÿnXn°v cmin-ÿn-Xn-tb-°mƒ {]m[m-y-aps≠∂pw Nne¿°`n{]mbap≠v. DZm-l- c-W-Ønv, Hcp PmX-I-Øn¬ ip{Is‚ cmin-ÿnXn oN-Ønepw hmw-i-ÿnXn D®-Øn-ep- am-Wv. D®-Ønse ^ew ]d-bWsa-∂mWv PmX-I-]m-cn-Pm-Xhpw am-km-K-cnbpw ]d-bp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Ap-`-h-Øn¬ D®-Øns‚ sa®tam oN-Øns‚ tZmjtam ImWp∂n√. ^ew icm- i-cn-bn¬ n¬°p-∂p. AXmbXv hmwiØnse √ ÿnXnsIm≠p am{Xambn√: {Kl_ewIqSn D≠mIWsa∂mWv Ap`hw. (3) t£t{Xjp ]q¿Æ-apZnXw ^e-ay h¿t§-˛ jz¿≤w Iem-Z-i-a-j-jvSn-e-thjp ]mZw _mex Ipamcx XcpWx {]hbm artXm jUv˛ `mssKx {Iam-ZypPn hn]-cy-ban-Xy-h-ÿm. h¿§-_ew t£t{Xjp ]q¿Æ-w D-ZnXw ˛ cmin-bn¬ ]q¿Æ^ew- ]d-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. ^ew Ay h¿t§jp A¿≤w ˛ a‰p h¿§-ßfn¬ ]Ip-Xn ^ew. Iem -Z-i-a -j-jvSn -e-thjp ]mZw ˛ Iemwiw, Zimw-iw, jjvSywiw Ch-bn¬ Im¬ ^ew. h¿§hpw _ehpw: cmin ˛ apgph≥, tlmc, t{Z°m-Ww, k]vXmwiw, hmw-iw, ZzmZ-imwiw, {Xnwimwi ˛ ]IpXn, Zimw-i Iemwiw jjvSywiw ˛ Im¬, _memZn AhÿIƒ _mex Ipamcx XcpWx {]hbm artXm jUv`mssKx {Iam-Xv AbpPn ˛ _meyw, Iuam-cw, buh-w, hm¿≤Iyw, acWw Cu {Ia-Øn¬ HmP-cm-in-bn¬ Bdp `mKIƒ hoXap≈ A©v AhÿIfp≠v hn]-cy-ban-Xy-h-ÿm ˛ bp‹-cm-in°p ac-Ww, hm¿≤Iyw, buh-w, Iuam-cw, _meyw Cu {Ia-ØnemWv Ah-ÿ-I-ƒ hcp-∂-Xv. *
  • 70. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 65 (4) t£{X-kym¿≤w ln tlmcm- Xz-bpPn chn-kp-[mw˛ tizm -ta -hy-kvX-ta-XXv t{Z°mtWimkv{Xn-`m-ssK-kvX-p-kp-X-ip-`]m ZzmZimw-ikvXp e·mXv `uam¿°o-Uy⁄ip{Imx iinP ka-ehm tlymPt` bp‹t` XZv hykvXw {Xnwimw-i-mYmx {Inb-a-I-c-Xpem˛ I¿°-SmZym hmw-imx. (5) b⁄w cXv- Pw [w b-]Sw cq]w ebw tNSnw tlmcm tbmK-Jew _ew `K-in-Jm-[q-en¿∂hw {]kzw em`w hniz-Znhw [hw cW-[aw jjvSyw-i-Im-t›m-Pt` {IqcmJymx kat` hn]-cy-b-anZw tijmkvXp kuaym-lz-bmx. (6) kzmXv k]vXmw-i-Z-imw-iIu Xp hnjta bpt‹ Xp Imam-NvOp-`mXv kzm[o-im› Iemw-i]m hn[n-l-co˛ im¿°m- -a¿t£ f yYm JymssXx tImW-bp-ssX-kv{Xn-tIm-W-`-h kz¿t£m®-tI-t{μm-Ø-ssa¿˛ h¿§m-x k]vX-Zi -{X-tbm-Z-ianXm h¿§mx {]ZnjvSmx ]ssc. Zih¿§hnhcWw 1. cmin taSw XpSßnbh cminmY∑-m¿ : `uax ip{I.... (1˛6) 2. tlmc t£{X-ky A¿≤w tlmcm- ˛ cminsb c≠mbn ]Ip-ØXp tlmc. tlmcm-m-Y-∑m¿: A-bpPn chn, -kp-[mwip ˛ HmPcm-in-bn¬ BZy-tlmc kqcy-s‚bpw c≠m-asØ tlmc N{μs‚bpw. kta.- hy-kvX-ta-X¬ ˛ bp‹cm-in-bn¬ BZy-tlmc N{μs‚bpw c≠m-asØ tlmc kqcy-s‚bpw BIp-∂p.
  • 71. ^eZo]nI 66 3. t{Z°mWw t{Z°mtWimx {Xn-`m-ssKx- ˛ cminsb aq∂mbn Xncn-®Xp t{Z°mWw. t{Z°mWm-Y-∑m¿: X-p -kp-X -ip-`]m ˛ e·w, A©v, HºXv F∂o `mhßfpsS mY∑-m¿. 4. ZzmZ-imwiw ZzmZimw-ikvXp e·m¬ ˛ cminsb ]{¥-≠mbn Xncn-®Xp ZzmZ-imwiw. ZzmZimwimY∑m¿: {Klw n¬°p∂ cminapX¬°p≈ 12 cminIfmWv ZzmZimwiw. DZmlcWØnv IpP≥ n¬°p∂Xv taSØn¬. ZzmZimwiw taSwapX¬ aowhsc. Kpcp n¬°p∂Xv NnßØn¬. ZzmZimwiw Nnßw apX¬ I¿°SIwhsc. ZzmZimwimY∑m¿ taSw˛Ip, CShw˛ip F∂ {IaØn¬Xs∂. 5. {Xnwimw-iw Hcp cminsb ap∏-Xmbn Xncn-®Xp {Xnwimw-iIw. {Xnwimw-iImY∑m¿ (A£ckwJybn¬): `ua A¿°n CuUy ⁄ ip{Imx ˛ IpP≥ in, Kpcp, _p[≥, ip{I≥ i in P k a 5 5 8 7 5 ehm ˛ Awi߃ HmPt` ˛ hoXw HmPcminbn¬. bp‹t` XZvhykvXw ˛ bp‹cminbn¬ CXnp hn]coXw. 6. hmwiw Hcp cminsb 3T ˛20’ hoXw Hº-Xp `mKßfmbn Xncn-®Xp hmw-iIw. {Inb -a-I-c -Xpem I¿°-SmZym hmw-imx ˛ taSw (tajmZn), ˛ aI-cw (aI-cmZn), ˛ Xpemw, (XpemZn) ˛ I¿°Sw (I¿°ymZn) ˛ XpS-ßn- hmw-i-I-߃. tajmZn F∂p ]d-™m¬ ta-SØnpw AXns‚ {XntImWcmin Iƒ°pw (Nnßw,- [-p) Hcpt]mse BsW-∂¿∞w. CXpt]mse a‰p≈hbpw.
  • 72. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 67 1 5 9 1. tajmZn: taSw, Nnßw, [p 2. aIcmZn CShw, I∂n, aIcw 3. XpemZn anYpw, Xpemw, Ipw`w 4. I¿°ymZn I¿°Sw hr›nIw aow 7. jjvSywiw Hcp cminsb Adp-]-Xmbn `mKn-®Xv jjvSywiw. jjvSyw-i-Imx Hm-Pt` {IqcmJymx ˛ HmPcm-inbn¬ {Iqc-mwi߃ F∂p t]cmb jjvSyw-i߃ (A£ckwJybn¬): b⁄w cXv Pw [w b- ]Sw cq]w ebw tNSnw 10 20 80 90 01 11 21 31 61 1 2 8 9 10 11 12 13 16 tlmcm tbmK Jew _ew `K in-em [qen hw {]kkzw 82 13 23 33 43 53 93 04 24 28 31 32 33 34 35 39 40 42 em`w hniz- Znhw [hw cW [aw 34 44 84 94 25 95 43 44 48 - 49 52 59 kat` hn]-cy-b-anZw ˛ bp‹-cm-in-bn¬ ({Iqcmwi߃) CXnp hn]-coXambn hcp∂p. tijmx kuaym-lz-bmx ˛ ChnsS ]dbmØh kuayw F∂p t]cp≈hbmIp∂p. HmPcminbn¬: {Iqcmwi߃ kuaymwi߃ 1, 2 3˛7 8˛13 14, 15 16 17˛27 28 29, 30 31˛35 36˛38 39, 40 41 42˛44 45˛47 48˛49 50, 51 52 53˛58 59 60
  • 73. ^eZo]nI 68 bp‹cminbn¬: {Iqcmwi߃ kuaymwi߃ .... 1, 2 3˛7 8˛13 14, 15 16 17˛27 28 29, 30 31˛35 36˛38 39˛40 41 42˛44 45˛47 48˛49 50, 51 52 53˛58 59 60 8, 9. k]vXmwihpw. Zimwihpw kzmXv k]vXmw-i- Z-imw-iIu Xp hnjta ˛ k]vXmwiØnepw ZimwiØnepw HmPcminbn¬ AXmXp cmin apX¬, bpt‹ Xp Imam ip-`m¬ ˛ bp‹cminbn¬ Ggv, HºXv cminIƒ apX¬. k]vXmwiw. Zimwiw HmPcminbn¬ AXmXp cminapX¬ AXmXp cminapX¬ bp‹cminbn¬ Ggmw cminapX¬ HºXmwcminapX¬ 10. Iemwiw AYhm tjmUimwiw Hcp cminsb ]Xnmdmbn Xncn®XmWv Iemwiw AYhm tjmUimwiw. {Klw n¬°p∂ cminapX¬ XpS¿®bmbn hcp∂ ]Xnmdp cminIfmWv ]Xnmdv Awi߃. Iemw-i]m hn[n- l-co Cui A¿°m-x -˛ HmP-cm-in-bn¬ {_-“m-hv, hn-jvWp in-h≥, kqcy≥ Cu {Ia-Ønepw k-a¿t£ AyYm ˛ bp‹cm-in-bn¬ kqcy≥, inh≥, hnjvWp, {_“mhv F∂ {Ia-Ønepw IemwitZhXIƒ Bh¿Øn®p hcp∂p. a‰p aq∂p hymJymßfnepw sImSpØn´p≈ Cu tjmUi h¿§mYXzw (hn[olcoim¿°....) sNdph≈nbpsS hymJymØn¬ C√. kzm[oim›, Iemwi]m›captJ˛ jzmZym≤tc›m]Xx
  • 74. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 69 F∂mWv AhnsS sImSpØn´p≈Xv. AXns‚ A¿∞w˛˛ Cu Iemwiw NccminIfn¬ taSwapXepw ÿnccminbn¬ NnßwapXepw D`bcminbn¬ [papXepw {IaØmse IW°mt°≠XmWv. c≠p ]mTßfpw tN¿Øp hmbn°ptºmtg nbaw ]q¿ÆamIp∂p≈p. {XtbmZih¿§w tImW-bp-ssX-x {Xn-tIm-W-`-h kz¿£ D® -tI-{μ- DØ-ah¿§ k-]vX-k-l- {X-tbm-Z- ianXm h¿§mx {]ZnjvSmx ]tc ˛ k]vX-h¿§ß-fpsS IqsS {Xn-tIm-Ww, aqe{XntImWw, kz-t£{Xw, -D®w, -tI-{μw, h¿t§m-Øaw- Ch Bdpw IqSn Iq´nbXv {XtbmZih¿§w. ChnsS sNdph≈n Xs‚ hymJymØn¬ aq∂pt«mIßfnembn Xpcy (1/4), hnwi ( 1/20), kn≤ (1/ 24), £{X (1/27), NXzmcn (1/40), kn≤thZ (1/45) F∂o Bdv Awi߃IqSn hnhcn°p∂p≠v. Zih¿§Øns‚IqsS Cu Bdp h¿§ßƒIqsS Iq´nbm¬ tjmUih¿§ambn. ^eZo]nIbn¬ tjmUih¿§w ]dbmØ Xnm¬ Cu aq∂pt«mI߃ Hgnhm°nbtXm {]£n]vXtam Bhmw. (7) h¿§mtymPbXp {Xtbm-Zi kplrXv kz¿t£m-®-t`jp {IamZv˛ Zznkv{Xnx ]©N-Xp¿∂-hm-{Zn-h-kp-j-Uvkw-Jymkp h¿ss§ IrXx {]mlp-t›m-Ø-a-]m-cn-Pm-X-I-YnXu knwlm-kw tKm]pcw tNssXy-cm-h-X-tZ-h-tem-I-ctemImw-i› ]mcm-hXw. DØamwiw XpSßnbh {Xtbm-Zi h¿§m≥ tbmPbXp ˛ (PmXIØn¬) {XtbmZih¿§w IW°m°nbXn¬ {Kl߃°v kplrXv ˛ an{Xt£{Xw, kz¿£w ˛ kzt£{Xw, D®`w ˛ D®t£{Xw, F∂o ap∂v ApIqeÿmßfnembn Zzn {Xn ]© N-Xp -h A-{Zn h-kp- jUv 2, 3, 5, 4, 9, 7, 8, 6 kw-Jymkp h¿ss§x IrXx ˛ F∂nßs h¿§ÿnXn In´p∂psh¶n¬ B kwJy Apkcn®v {KlßfpsS ÿnXn˛ 1. D-Ø-a - ˛ DØ-aw-, 2. ]m-cn-Pm-X - ˛ ]m-cn-Pm-Xw, 3. knwlm-k ˛ knwlm-kw 4. tKm]pc ˛ tKm]pcw
  • 75. ^eZo]nI 70 5. sFcm-h-X - ˛ sFcm-h-Xw 6. tZ-h-tem-I- - ˛ tZ-h-tem-Iw 7. ctemI ˛ ctemIw 8. ]mcm-hXw. - ˛ ]mcmhXw F∂o Awißfnembncn°pw. {XtbmZih¿§Øn¬ In´nb kwJy Awiw 9 sFcmhXw 8 ctemIw 7 tZhtemIw 6 ]mcmhXw 5 knwlmkw 4 tKm]pcw 3 ]mcnPmXw 2 DØaw ctemIØnp ]Icw kpctemIw F∂pw hn[n ({_“) temIw F∂pw ]mTt`Zw ImWp∂p≠v. ImcyØn√msX t]cnv {]m[myw sImSp°Wsa∂p tXm∂p∂n√. AXp t]mse Nne ]Xn∏pIfn¬ DØasØ ]mcnPmXsa∂pw ]mcnPmXsØ DØasa∂pw amdn hnfn°pp∂pap≠v . AXpw ImcysØ _m[n°p∂n√. (8) Bcym-¬∏-Kp-Wm¿∞-ku-Jy-hn-`-hm≥ bx ]mcn-Pm-Xmw-i-Kx kzmNmcw hn-bm-znXw N n]pWw bZyp-Ø-amw-ti -ÿnXx tJtSm tKm]p-c-`m-KKx ip`-aXnw kzt£-{X tKm aμncw bx knw-lm-k-tKm rt]-{μ-Z-bnXw `q]m-e-Xpeyw cw. (9) t{ijvTm-iz-Zzn-]-hm-l-m-Zn-hn-`hw ]mcm-h-Xm-[n-jvTnXx k¬Io¿Ønw bZn tZh-tem-I-k-lntXm `qa-WvU-em-[o-izcw hμyw `q]-Xn-`nx- kp-tc-{μ-k-Z-riw ssXzcm-h-Xmw-i-ÿnXx kZv`mKyw [-[my]p{X-k-lnXw `q]w hnZ-[ymZv {Klx DØamwimZn h¿§^ew 1. Bcy A¬∏-Kp-W A¿∞-ku-Jy-hn-`-hm≥ ]mcn-Pm-Xmw-i-Kx ˛ ]mcnPmXmwiw (3 _nμp): t{ijvT≥, A[nIKpW-hm≥, [w, kpJw, hn`-h-߃.
  • 76. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 71 2. kzmNmcw hn-bm-znXw n]pWw DØ-amw-ti -ÿnXx ˛ DØamwiw (2 _nμp) : Xs‚ BNm-c-ß-ƒ ApjvTn°p∂h≥,hn-bw, ss]p-Wyw. 3. tKm]p-c-`m-KKxip`-aXnw kzt£-{XtKm aμncw --˛ tKm]p-cmw-i--w (4 _nμp) : k∑-- v, kz¥-ambn `qan, ]ip-°ƒ, hoSv. 4. knw-lm-k-tKmrt]-{μ-Z-bnXw `q]m-e-Xpeyw cw ˛ knwlm-k-mwi--w (5 _nμp) : cmPm-hnp {]nb≥, cmPXpey≥. 5. t{ijvTm Aiz- Zn-]- hm-l-m-Zn-hn-`hw ]mcm-h-Xm-[n-jvTnXx˛ ˛ ]mcm-h-Xmw-i--w (6 _nμp) : t{ijvT-amb IpXn-c, B apX-emb hml--߃ 6. k¬Io¿Ønw bZn tZh-tem-I-k-lntXm `qa-WvU-em-[oizcw ˛ tZhtem-Imw-i-I-w (7 _nμp) : ˛ k¬ Io¿Øn, cmPm-hv. 7. hμyw `q]-Xn-`n- p-tc-{μ-k-Z-riw sFcm-h-Xmw-i-ÿnXx ˛ sFcm-h-Xmwiw( 9 _nμp) : cmPm-°-∑m-cm¬°qSn hμn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥, tZth{μp Xpey≥. -8. kZv`mKyw [-[my]p{X-k-lnXw `q]w ˛ c-tem-Imwiw (8 _nμp) `mKy-hm≥, [w, -[myw, ]p{X-∑m¿ Ch-tbm-Sp- Iq-Sn-b-h≥, cmPm-hv. 3, 4 hcnIƒ sNdph≈n sImSpØn´p≈Xnv sNdnsbmcp am‰ap≠v. kZv`mKyw [[my]p{XklnXw `q]w hncn©mwiKx hμyw `q]Xn`nx kptc{μkZriw ssXzcmhXmwiÿnXx. (10) bZz¿tKjz-Jn-tejp arXyp-c-_-te-jz-{Xm-Y -ht£y {Iam˛ ∂miw ZpxJ-a-¿∞Xmw N hnkpJw _‘p-{]nbw XZzcw `qt]jvSw [nw r]w r]-hcw h¿t§ _en-jvtT- f Jnte h¿≤[njvWpw kpJnw r]w KZ-arXo _mem-Zyhÿm^ew. Zih¿§^ew h¿t§jp AJntejp ˛ F√m (]Øp) ]¿§ßfnepw arXyp A_tejp ˛ _eans√¶n¬ acWw
  • 77. ^eZo]nI 72 (a‰p h¿§ßfn¬ _eans√¶n¬ {IaØn¬) 9 h¿§Øn¬ _eans√¶n¬ ˛ miw 8 ,, ,, ˛ ZpJw, 7 ,, ,, ˛ A¿∞X (A¿∞߃), 6 ,, ,, ˛ hnkpJw (kpJan√mbva), 5 ,, ,, ˛ _‘p{]nbw (kzP߃°p th≠s∏´h≥) 4 ,, ,, ˛ XZvhcw (kzPßfn¬ t{ijvT≥, Xeh≥) 3 ,, ,, ˛ `qt]jvSw (cmPmhnv CjvSs∏´h≥) 2 ,, ,, ˛ [nw ([nI≥) 1 ,, ,, ˛ r]w ˛ cmPmhv h¿t§ _en-jvtS- AJnte ˛ F√m h¿§ßƒ°pw _eaps≠¶n¬ r]hcw ˛ cmPt{ijvT≥, N{Ih¿Øn. t«mIw aq∂n¬ ]d™ _memZn Ah-ÿm-^ew (_mex Ipamcx XcpWx {]hbm artXm jUv`mssKx .... h¿≤[njvWpw kpJnw r]w KZ-arXo _mem-Zyhÿm^ew.) 1. h¿≤njvWpw ˛ h¿≤n-°p-∂-h≥ (_meyw) 2. kpJnw ˛ kpJ-ap-≈-h≥, (Iuamcw) 3. r]w ˛ cmPmhv (XmcpWyw) 4. KZw ˛ tcmKw (hm¿≤Iyw) 5. arXn ˛ acWw (arX) (11) jUz¿t§jp ip`-{K-lm-[n-I-KpssWx {ioam≥ NncwPohXn {Iqcmwti _lpte hne·`ht Zotm f ¬∏-Po-h-»Tx X∂mYm _entm rt]m- f kvXy-Y- -hmw-˛ titim ZrKm-tWiztcm et·ix {Ia-i-x kpJo r]-kax t£mWo-]-Xn¿`m-Ky-hm≥. jUz¿§^ew PmXIØn¬˛˛ 1. jUvh¿t§jp ip`-{K-l A[n-I- KpssWx {ioam≥ Nncw PohXn ˛ e·Øns‚ jUz¿§-ß-fn¬ ip`-{K-l-ßfpsS h¿§amWv A[nIw hcp∂sX¶n¬, B PmXI≥ [nIpw Zo¿Lm-bp- p≈hpw BIpw.
  • 78. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 73 2. {Iqcmwti _lpte hne-·-`-ht Zox A¬∏-Po-h-x iTx ˛ e·Ønp {Iqcmw-i- amWv A[n-Iw hcp∂sX-¶n¬ Zo≥, A¬∏mbp v, iT≥. imTyw ˛ hmin, n¿_‘w 3. X∂mYm _entm rt]m- ˛ e·Øns‚ jUvh¿§mY-∑m¿ _e-hm-∑m-cm-bn-cp- ∂m¬ cmPm-hm-Ipw. 4. -hmw-titim kpJo ˛ hmw-im-[n-]≥ _e-hm-m-bn-cp-∂m¬ kpJn. 5. ZrKm-tWiztcm r]-kax ˛ t{Z°m-Wm-[n-]≥ _e-hm-m-bn-cp-∂m¬ cmP-Xp-ey≥. 6. et·ix {Ia-i-x kpJo r]-kax t£mWo-]-Xnx `m-Ky-hm≥. ˛ et·-iz-c≥ _e- hm-m-bn-cp-∂m¬ {IaØn¬ kpJnbmbpw cmPXpeymbpw `mKy-hm-mb cmPm-hmbpw `hn-°pw. (12) HmtP {Iqtc f ¿°-tlmcmw KX-hXn _e-hm≥ {Iqc-hrØn¿[-mtVym bpt‹ Nm{μow ipt`jp ZypXn-hn--bh-tNm- lrZyku-`m-Kybp‡x hykvXw hykvtX f {X ant{i ka-^-e-ap-ZnXw e·-N{μu _enjvTu X∂mYu Zzu N XZz-ZyZn `hXn Nncw PohyZpx-Jo- b-i-kzo. HmPbp‹cmiywi^ew 1. HmtP - ˛ HmP- cm-in-bn¬ A¿°tlmcmw ˛ kqcy-tlm-c-bn¬ (1˛15T ) {Iqtc ˛ ]m]{Kl߃ KXhXn ˛ n∂m¬, ^ew _ehm≥{IqchrØnx[mVy ˛ i‡≥, {Iqc≥, [m-Vy≥. 2. bpt‹ Nm{μow ipt`jp ˛ CXpt]mse bp‹-cm-in-bn¬, N {μ-tlm-c-bn¬, kuay-{Klw n∂m¬ ZypXn- hn--b -h-tNm- lr-Zyku-`m-Kybp‡x ˛ Im¥n, hn-bw, hmIvam-[p-cyw, ku`m-Kyw. 3. hykvXw hykvtX f {X ˛ CXnp hn]-co-X-am-bn-cp-∂m¬ hn]-co-X-^ew. 4. ant{i ka-^-ew D-ZnXw ˛ an{i-am-bn-cp-∂m¬ an{i-^-ew.
  • 79. ^eZo]nI 74 5. e·-N{μu _enjvTu X∂mYu Zu N XZz-ZyZn `hXn ˛ e·Ønpw N{μpw, AXp-t]mse e·m-[n-]pw N{μe-·m-[n-]pw, _eaps≠ ¶n¬ NncwPohn AZpx-Jo- b-i-kzo ˛ Nncw-Pohnbmbpw ZpxJ-an-√m-Ø-h-mbpw bi-kzn-bmbpw `hn-°pw. Cn hcp∂ 13, 14, 15, 16 t«mI߃ sIm√w]Xn∏nen√. sNdph≈nbpsS hymJym Øn¬ Nne hyXymkßtfmsS sImSpØn´pap≠v. Chbn¬ BZysØ aqs∂Æw t{Z°mWßfpsS maßfpw ^eßfpw mematØXp KpfnIssh®p e·w icnbm°mp≈ nbahpamWv. (13) knwlmPmiznXpemrbp‹`ht jz¥ym(1) lbmPmZnamx a≤yu kv{Xobatbmcnlmbp[`rXx ]mtim f fnat≤ym `thXv {ImtZym nKtfm artK{μLStbm˛ cmtZym hWnMva≤ytam Kr{≤mtkym hrj`m¥na› hnlKx I¿IymZn tImemw. (1) ]mTt`Zw: `htjz¥ym ˛ aItcjz¥ym 1. Bbp[t{Z°mW߃ knwl AP Aizn Xpem rbp‹ `htjp A¥ym ˛ Nnßw, taSw, [p, Xpemw, anYpw Cu cminIfpsS A¥yt{Z°mWßfpw, lbAPBZnau ˛ [p,taSw cminIfpsS BZnt{Z°mW ßfpw, a≤yu kv{Xobatbm... ˛ I∂nbptSbpw anYpØnt‚bpw a≤y t{Z°mWßfpw Bbp[`rXx ˛ Bbp[t{Z°mW߃. 2. ]mit{Z°mWw ]mix Afnat≤y `thXv.... Afnat≤y ]miw ˛ hr›nIw a≤yw ]mit{Z°mWw. 3. nKf t{Z°mWw {ImtZym nKtfm ˛ aIcw BZyw: nKf t{Z°mWw
  • 80. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 75 4. Kr{[mkyt{Z°mW߃ artK{μ LStbm BtZym ˛ Nnßw, Iqw`w ChbpsS BZyw hWnMv a≤ytbm ˛ Xpemw a≤yw Kr{[mtkym ˛ Ch Kr{[apJ t{Z°mW߃. 5. hnlKt{Z°mWw hrj`m¥na› hnlKx ˛ CShw A¥yw ]£nt{Z°mWw. 6. tImemt{Z°mWw I¿IymZn tImemw ˛ I¿°Sw BZyw : tImeapJ (]∂napJ) t{Z°mWw (14) Iu¿]ymZyx I¿ISmt¥ymQjNcaaln›mPtKma[yknwlm˛ Zyfy¥w kym®Xpjv]mZnl ^ea[{Iqcnμym Zcn{Zmx Zzμ¿t£ kyp¿ZrKmssWc[akaip`myÿntc tNmXv{ItaW {]mlpkvX⁄vmx ÿnc¿t£jzip`ip`kamtyh et·^emn. 7. k¿∏t{Z°mW߃ Iu¿]ymZyx ˛ hr›nIw BZn I¿IS At¥ym ˛ I¿°SIw A¥yw, QjNca ˛ aow A¥yw Alnx N ˛ Ch k¿∏t{Z°mWßfpw 8. NXpjv]mZt{Z°mW߃ AP tKm a[y ˛ taSw, CShw ˛ a≤yw knwlmZn ˛ Nnßw ˛ BZyw Afn A¥w ˛ hr›nIw ˛ Ahkmw NXpjv]mZv ˛ F∂nh NXpjv]mZt{Z°mWßfpamIp∂p. 10. t{Z°mW^ew Cu t{Z°mW߃ DZn°ptºmƒ Pn®m¬, e·w Cu t{Z°mW ßfn¬ hcp∂psh¶n¬ A[, {Iqc, nμym, Zcn{Zmx ˛ [an√mØh≥, {Iqc≥, nμy≥, Zcn{Z≥.
  • 81. ^eZo]nI 76 Zzμ¿t£ kypx ZrKmssWx A[a ka ip`mn...... - ˛ Pw GXp cminbn¬ GXp t{Z°mWØn emtWm hcp∂Xv AXnpkcn®p ip`˛Aip`˛a≤ya^eßfpw Ap`hs∏Spw. cmin t{Z°mWw 1 t{Z°mWw 2 t{Z°mWw 3 1. Nccmin DØaw a≤yaw A[aw 2. ÿnccmin A[aw DØaw a≤yaw 3 D`bcmin A[aw a≤yaw DØaw (15) t{ZImtWti kzh¿tK ip`JKklntX tkzm®an{X¿£tK hm XZzn{XnwimwimtY _ehXn bZn tN˛ ZzmZimwim[nt] hm tlmcmmtY XYm tN∂nJneKpWKtWm nXyip≤{]hotWm Zo¿Lmbpx kym±bmhm≥ kpX[klnXx Io¿Ønam≥ cmPt`mKx. 1. t{Z°mtWti ˛ (PkabØv DZn°p∂ e·Øns‚) t{Z°mWmY≥˛˛ 1) kzh¿tK ˛ kzh¿§Øntem, 2) ip`JKklntX ˛ ip`{KlßfpsSIqsStbm, 3) tkzm® ˛ D®t£{XØntem 4) an{X¿£tK ˛ an{Xt£{XØntem n¬°pI; hm ˛ As√¶n¬ 2. XZzn{XnwimwimtY _ehXn .... ˛ {XnwimwimYtm, ZzmZimwimYtm, tlmcmmYtm _eap≠mbncn°pI; (F¶n¬ B PmXI≥) nJneKpWKtWm ˛ k¿hKpWkº∂≥, nXyip≤≥, {]hotWm ˛ {]K¤≥, Zo¿Lmbpx ˛ Zo¿Lmbp p≈h≥, Zbmhm≥ ˛ Zbbp≈h≥ kpX[klnXx ˛ ]p{X∑-mcpw [hpap≈h≥, Io¿Ønam≥ ˛ {]ikvX≥ cmPt`mKx ˛ cmPIobamb kpJt`mK߃.
  • 82. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 77 (16) aμnÿcmin]Xn kwKXk{XntImWw Xkymwicmin]Xn kwbpXawitImWw e·w hZ¥n KpfnImwiIcmintImWw XZzZzn[u _ebptX iinssh hnZymXv. 1. aμnÿcmin]Xn kwKX k{XntImWw˛ KpfnI`hm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cmintbm AXns‚ {XntImWßtfm, 2. Xkymwicmin]XnkwbpXawitImWw˛ KpfnIAwim[n]≥n¬°p∂ cmintbm AXns‚ {XntImWßtfm, 3. KpfnI AwiI cmin tImWw ˛ KpfnI≥ AwiIn® cmintbm AXns‚ {XntImWßtfm, e·w hZ¥n ˛ PmXIs‚ e·ambncn°pw. XZzZzn[u _ebptX iinnssh hnZymXv. ˛ N{μp _eaps≠¶n¬ CXpt]mse N{μ_‘ap≈ cminbmbpw hcmw. (17) Ipcym-Zm-fl-kp-lr-±r-Km-W-K-iio IeymW-cq]w KpWw t{ibmw-kyp-Ø-a-h¿§-P-kvXz-]-c-K˛ - kvX-∂m-Y-Pm-Xm≥ KpWm≥ kz{Xnw-imw-i-K-Xm -{Klm hnZ[tX XXvIm-c-I-tXzm-ZnXw Xss{XtIm f]n kplrZv{Ktl-£n-X-bpXx tkzmt® f ¿∞bp‡w r]w. N{μÿnXn^ew 1. Ipcym-Zm-fl-kp-lr-±r-Km-W-K-iio IeymW-cq]w KpWw ˛ N{μ≥ Xs‚ _‘p t{Z°m-W-Øn¬ n¬°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ sFiz-cy-I-c-amb cq]-tØmSpw KpWtØmSpw IqSn-b-h-m-bn-cn-°pw. 2. t{ibmw-kyp-Ø-a-h¿§-P-x Xp ˛ h¿t§m-Ø-amw-i-Øn-em-sW-¶n¬ t{ib- p- Iƒ D≠m-Ipw. - 3. ]-c-K-x X-∂m-Y -Pm-Xm≥ KpWm≥ ˛ a‰phn[-Øn-em-sW-¶n¬ AXmXv `mhm[n-]- ∑m¿s°mØ KpW-߃ sNøpw. {Xnwimwi^ew 4. kz{Xnw-imw-i-K-X -{Klm hnZ[tX X¬°m-c-I-tXzm-ZnXw ˛ Ah-c-h-cpsS {Xnwim-i-ßsf {]m]n® {Kl-߃ GtXXp Imc-I-Xz-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn- btXm B ^e-߃ ¬Ipw.
  • 83. ^eZo]nI 78 5. X{X GIx A]n kplrXv{Kl- Cu£n-X, -kplrXv{Kl bpX, kzDt® ˛ Ch-bn¬ Hcp {Klsa¶nepw an{X-{K-l-Øns‚ ZrjvSn-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-tbm an{X-{K-l-tØm- Sp-Iq-Sn-tbm Xs‚ D®cminØn¬ n∂m¬ A¿∞bp‡w r]w ˛ [n-I-mb cmPm-hm-bn-Øo-cpw. (18) tkzmt® {]Zo]vXx kpJnXkv{XntImtW kzÿx -kz-tKtl apZn-X- p-lrZvt` im¥kvXp kuay-{Klh¿§-bp‡x it‡m atXm- f ku -kv^p-S-c-ivan-Pmex (19) {Klm-`n-`q-Xx- k- n-]o-Un-Xx- kymXv JekvXp ]m]-{Klh¿§-bmXx kZpx-Jn-X -i-{Xp-Krtl {Ktlt{μm otN -f Xn-`otXm hnI-tem- fkvX-bmXx {]Zo]vXmZn AhÿIƒ 1. tkzmt® {]Zo]vXw ˛ D®Øn¬ {]Zo]vXw, 2. kpJnXx {XntImtW ˛ {XntImWØn¬ kpJnXw, 3. kzÿx -kz-tKtl ˛ kzt£{XØn¬ kzÿw, 4. apZn-X- p-lrZvt` ˛ an{Xt£{XØn¬ apZnXw, 5. im¥kvXp kuay-{Kl h¿§-bp‡x˛ ip`h¿§Øn¬ im¥w, 6. it‡m atXm- kv^p-S-c-ivan-Pmex ˛ ]q¿ÆcivanIfp≈t∏mƒ (auVyw XpSßnb adhpIƒ C√mØt∏mƒ) i‡w, 7. Klm-`n-`q-Xx- n-]o-Un-Xx- ˛ bp≤Øn¬tXm‰ {Klw ]oUnXw, 8. Jex]m]-{Klh¿§-bmXx ˛ ]m]h¿§Øn¬ Jew, 9. kZpx-Jn-X -i-{Xp-Krtl ˛ i{Xpt£{XØn¬ ZpJnXw, 10. otN A-Xn-`otXm ˛ oNØn¬ `oXw, 11. hnI-tem- AkvX-bmXx ˛ auVyØn¬ hnIew. (20) ]q¿Æw {]Zo]vXm hnI-emkvXp iqyw at≤y- f p-]m-Xm® ip`w {ItaW Ap-{I-ta-Wm-ip-`-tah Ipcyp¿-˛ mampcq]mWn ^emn tXjmw.
  • 84. A≤ymbw 3 (h¿§hn`mKm≤ymbw) 79 {]Zo]vXmZn Ahÿm^ew ]q¿Æw {]Zo]vXm ˛ {]Zo]vXmhÿbn¬ ]q¿Æ^ew. hnI-emkvXp iqyw ˛ hnIemhÿbn¬ iqy^ew at≤y- Ap-]m-Xm® ip`w {ItaW ˛ CSbnep≈ AhÿIƒ {IaØn¬ ip`hpw Ap-{I-ta-W Aip-`-tah Ipcyp ˛ Aip`hpw mampcq]mWn ^emn tXjmw ˛ AhbpsS t]cpIƒ kqNn°p∂Xpt]mse sNøp∂p. {]Zo]vXmZn Ahÿm_ew ÿnXn Ahÿ ^eZmtijn 1. tkzmt® {]Zo]vXw ˛ D®w {]Zo]vXw + 100 % 2. kpJnX {XntImtW ˛- aqe-{Xn-tImWw kpJnXw + 80 % 3. kzÿx -kz-tKtl ˛ kzt£-{Xw- kzÿw + 75 % 4. apZn-X- p-lrZvt` ˛ an{X-t£-{Xw- apZn-Xw + 60 % 5. im¥kvXp kuay-{Kl ˛ ip`h¿§w im¥w + 50 % 6. it‡m atXm-ku.... - ˛ ]q¿Æ-c-ivan- i‡w + 40 % 7. {Klm-`n-`qX n-]o-Un-X˛ {Klbp≤-Øn¬ tXm‰ {Klw ]oUn-Xw 0 (iqyw) 8. JekvXp ]m]-{Kl... ˛ ]m]-h¿§-w Jew ˛˛ 40 % 9. kZpx-Jn-X -i-{Xp-Krtl ˛ i{Xp-t£-{Xw ZpJn-Xw ˛˛ 50 % 10. otN AXn-`oX ˛ oN `oXw ˛˛ 60 % 11. hnI-tem- AkvX-bmX ˛ auVy-w hnI-ew ˛˛ 75 % {]Zo-]vXmZn Ah-ÿm^ew (+ ApIqew, ˛˛ {]XnIqew): Cu A≤ymbØns‚ KWnX`mKw, DZmlcWklnXw, Ap_‘w 1-˛¬ sImSpØn´p≠v.
  • 85. ^eZo]nI 80 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly : A≤ymbw 4 jUv_ew apXembh hnjbhnhcw 1. jUv _ew 2. Znhcm{Xn_ew 3. ]£_ew 4. h¿j....tlmcm_ew 5. tNjvSm-_ew 6. D®-_ew 7. ZnKv_ew 8. Ab--_ew 9. ÿm-_ew 10. tI{μ_ew 11. t{Z°mW_ew 12 ssk¿§nI_ew: 13. h{I-_-ehpw civan-_-ehpw 14. {Kl_ew s]mXpsh 15. e·-_ew 16. ÿm_e{Iaw 17. tI{μ_e{Iaw 18. Zr-jvSn_e{Iaw 19. h¿§_e{Iaw 20. ip`_e{Iaw 21. N{μ-{In-b, N{μmhÿ, N{μ-th-f 22. N{μ-{In-bm^ew 23. N{μm-hÿm^ew 24. N{μ-th-fm-^ew 25. N{μ{Inb apXembhbpsS ta∑- 26 {][m_e߃ 27. ^eZmØnv Hmtcm {KlØnpw AXymhiyw D≠mbncnt°≠ _ew 28. `mhm[n]_ew Ap_‘w : KWnXw
  • 86. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 81 (1) hocyw jUvhn[-aml Ime-P-_ew tNjvSm-_ew tkzm®Pw ZnKzocyw Xzb-tm-¤hw Znhn-jZmw ÿmtm-Zv`hw N {IamXv niym-tc-μz-knXmx(1) ]tc -Zn-hn- kZm ⁄x ip¢-]t£ ip`mx IrjvtWfty N nPm-_vZ-am-k-Zn--tlm˛- cmkzmw-{Ln-hr≤ym {IamXv. (1) ]mT-t`Zw: knX ˛ ip{I≥ 1. jUv_ew ZnhnjZmw ˛ {Kl߃°v hocyw jUvhn[-aml ˛ _ew Bdphn[w {IamXv ˛ {IaØn¬: Ime-P-_ew - ˛ Ime-_-ew (1) tNjvSm _ew ˛ tNjvSm-_ew (2) tkzm®Pw ˛ D®-_-ew (3) ZnIv hocyw ˛ ZnKv_-ew (4) Ab-tm-¤hw ˛ Ab--_-ew (5) ÿmtm¤hw ˛ ÿm-_ew (6) tlmcmimkv{XØn¬ A©p {Kl_eßsf°pdn®p ]dbp∂Xv sa®s∏SpØep Iƒ°p hnt[bambn ^e Zo]nIbn¬ FØnbt∏mƒ Bdp _eßfmbn. C∂p {]NmcØnep≈ coXnbnepw Bdp _eßfmWv f≈Xv. ]t£, hniZmwißfn¬ hyXymkap≠v. tlmcmimkv{XØn¬ ^eZo]nIbn¬ C∂sØ coXn ÿm_ew, ÿm_ew ÿm_ew ZnKv_ew, ZnKv_ew ZnKv_ew tNjvSm_ew, tNjvSm_ew, tNjvSm_ew Ime_ew, Ime_ew, Ime_ew ssk¿§nI_ew .... ssk¿§nI_ew Ab_ew, .... D®_ew, .... ZrIv_ew
  • 87. ^eZo]nI 82 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]pXnbcoXn{]Imcwÿm_eØn¬D®_ew,k]vXh¿§P_ew,HmPbp‹cmiywi_ew, tI{μ_ew, t{Z°mW_ew F∂nßs A©p _eßfpw Ime_eØn¬ tXm∂X_ew, ]£_ew, {Xn`mK_ew, A_vZ_ew, amk_ew, hmc_ew, tlmcm_ew, Ab_ew, bp≤ _ew F∂nßs F´p _eßfpw ASßnbncn°p∂p. C∂p s]mXpsh {]Nmc Ønep≈ Cu coXn Apkcn®mWv Cu A≤ymbØns‚ Ap_‘Øn¬ IW°psNbvXv DZmlcW PmXIØnse {Klß fpsS jUv_ew I≠n´p ≈Xv. 2. Znhcm{Xn_ew (tXm∂X_ew) kZm ⁄x ˛ _p[v F√mbvt∏mgpw nin B-c- Cμzp A-knXmx ˛ IpP≥, N{μ≥, in F∂nh¿°p cm{Xnbnepw ]tc Znhn ˛ a‰p≈h¿°p (chn, Kpcp, ip{I≥) ]Iepw (Cu _ew e`n°p∂p) 3. ]£_ew ip¢-]t£ ip`mx ˛ shfpØ ]£-Øn¬ ip`-{K-l-߃°pw, IrjvtW Aty N ˛ IdpØ ]£-Øn¬ ]m]{K-l-߃°pw _e-ap≠v. 4. h¿j˛amk˛Znhk˛tlmcm[n] _ew nPA_vZ-am-k-Zn--tlmcm ˛ Xß-fpsS h¿jw, amkw, Znh-kw, tlmc F∂-nh-I-fnepw (h¿jm-[n-]≥, amkm-[n-]≥, Znh-km-[n-]≥, tlmcm-[n-]≥ F∂n-h¿°pw) Aw-{Ln-hr≤ym {Iam¬ ˛ ]mZ-{I-a-Øn¬ (Ime-_-e-ap-≠v.) _ew: h¿jm-[n-]≥ amkm-[n-]≥ Znh-km-[n-]≥ tlmcm-[n-]≥ 1 /4 1 /2 3 /4 1 15 30 45 60 jjvSywiw: {Kl_ew IW°m°p∂Xv. cq]bnemWv (60 jjvSywiw = 1 cq]) (2) cmIm-N-{μky tNjvSm-_-e-ap-Z-K-bt `mkztXm h{I-Kmmw bpt≤ tNmZ-Ivÿn-Xmmw kv^pS-_-lp-e-cpNmw tkzm®-ho-cyw kzXpwtK
  • 88. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 83 ZnKzocyw tJ f ¿°-`uau kplrZn iin-knXu hnZvKpcq e·-Ku- tN˛ ∑tμ f kvtX bmayam¿t§ _p[-i-n-i-intm f ˛ ty f b-mtJy ]c-kvan≥. 5. tNjvSm_ew 1. cmIm N-{μky ˛ N{μp shfpØhmhnpw, 2. DZ-K-bt `mkztXm ˛ kqcy-v DØcm-bWØnepw, 3. h{I-Kmmw ˛ a‰p {Kl-߃°p h{I-Ønepw, 4. bpt≤ DZ-Iv ÿn-Xmmw ˛ {Kl-bp-≤-Øn¬ hS-°p-≈-hbv°pw, 5. kv^pS-_-lp-e-cpNnw ˛ ip≤civanIƒ A[nIw D≈ {Kl߃v°pw (tNjvSm-_-e-ap-≠v.) kqcys‚ tNjvSm_ew Ab_eØnepw N{μs‚ tNjvSm _ew ]£_eØnhpw A¥¿§XamWv. IpP≥, _p[≥, hymgw, ip{I≥, in F∂o Xmcm{Kl߃°p tNjvSm_ew hcp∂Xv h{IKXnbn emWv. C∂sØ coXn Apkcn®v ]£_ew, Ab_ew, bp≤ _ew F∂nh Ime_eØnepw h{I_ew tNjvSm_eØnepw hcp∂p. 6. D®-_ew tkzm®-ho-cyw kzXpwtK ˛ kz¥w D®-cm-in-bn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-Ønv D®-_ew D≠v. 7. ZnKv_ew tJ A¿°-`uau ˛ ]Øn¬ kqcypw IpP-pw kplrZn iin-knXu ˛ men¬ N{μpw ip{Ipw hnZvKpcq e·-Ku- ˛ e·-Øn¬ _p[pw Kpcphpw atμm AkvtX ˛ Ggn¬ in°pw ZnKzocyw ˛ ZnIv_ew (D≠v.) ZnKv_ew: `mhw 10 4 1 7 {Klw cIp Nip _pKp a 8. Ab--_ew bmayam¿t§ ˛ Z£n-Wm-b--Øn¬ _p[-i-n-i-intm ˛ _p[pw -i-nbpw N{μpw, AtyAb-mtJy ˛ D-Ø-cm-b--Øn-¬
  • 89. ^eZo]nI 84 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]c-kvan≥ ˛ a‰p{Kl-߃°pw (c,Ip,Kp,ip) Ab--_-e-ap-≠v. (3) tkzm®- kz¿£- kp-lr-ZvKrtljp _enx jSvkp kzh¿t§jp hm t{]m‡w ÿm-_ew NXp-jvS-b-ap-JmXv ]q¿Æm¿≤]mZmx {Iam¬ a≤ym-Zy-¥K jWvU-a¿Xy-h-nXmx tJSm _enjvTmx {IamXv aμm-c-⁄-Kp-cq-itm f _vPc-htbm sstP _te h¿≤mx. 9. ÿm _ew tkzm®w- ˛ kz¥w D®cmin, kz¿£w -˛ kzt£-{Xw, kp-lrZv Kr-tljp ˛ an{X-t£-{X-w _enxjSvkpkzh¿t§jp ˛ jUz¿§Ønse kzh¿§-߃ (Chbn¬) t{]m‡w ÿm-_ew ˛ ÿm-_ew ]d-bp∂p. 10. tI{μ_ew NXp-jvS-b-ap-Jm¬ ˛ tIμw XpSßnbhbv°p ]q¿Æm¿≤]mZmx {Iam¬ ˛ ]q¿Æw, A¿≤w, ]mZw F∂ {IaØn¬ _ewIn´p∂p. tI{μØn¬ (1-˛4-˛7-˛10) ]q¿Æ-_ehpw, ]W-]cØn¬ (2˛5-˛8-˛11) Ac-_ehpw, Bt]m¢naØn¬ (3-˛6-˛9-˛12) Im¬_ehpw ÿnXn Ap-k-cn®v {Kl-߃°p ÿm-_ew In´pw. 11. t{Z°mW_ew a≤yB-ZyA-¥K ˛ (cmin-bpsS) a≤y B-Zy A-¥y `mK-ß-fn¬ n∂m¬ jWvU- tJSm _enjvTm ˛ ]pw-k-I a¿Xy ˛ ]pcpj h-nXm ˛ kv{Xo {Kl-߃ _e-ap-≈-h-bm-Ip-∂p.
  • 90. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 85 a≤yw BZyw A¥yw ]pwk ]pcpj kv{Xo(tlmc 2˛6) _p, a c, Ip, Kp N, ip (DZmlcWw 5(5) ) 12. ssk¿§nI_ew aμm- Bc- ⁄- Kp-cp D-itm A_vP- c-htbm ˛ in, IpP≥, _p[≥, Kpcp, ip{I≥, N{μ≥, kqcy≥ F∂o {Kl߃°v sstP _te h¿≤-m ˛ (Cu) {Ia-Øn-¬ nk¿§-_ew h¿≤n®p hcp-∂-p. nk¿§_ew: {Klw a Ip _p Kp ip N c _ew 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (_ew G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ kqcyv, G‰hpw Ipd-hv in°v) (4) h{Iw KtXm cpNn-ccivan kaq-l-]q¿tÆm o-Nmcn`mwi-k-ln-tXm f ]n `th-’- tJSx hocym-znX-kvXp-ln--c-ivan-cn-thm-®-an-{X˛ kzt£-{X-tKm f]n hn_tem lX-Zo-[n-Xn-t›Xv. 13. h{I-_-ehpw civan-_-ehpw (1) Hcp {Klw n¬°p∂X-v ˛˛ h{IwKtXm - ˛ h{I-Øntem cpNn-c-civankaq-l-]q¿tÆm -˛ ]q¿Æ-c-ivan-I-tfm-sStbm BsW-¶n¬, o-Nmcn`mwi-k-ln-tXm A]n ˛ (AXp) oN-t£-{X-Øntem, i{Xp-t£-{X -Øntem (Cu Awißfntem) Bbncp∂mepw tJSx ˛ B {Klw hocymznX `th-Xv ˛ _e-ap≈Xmbncn-°pw. (2) Hcp {Klw˛˛ Xp-ln--c-ivan-x Ch ˛ (IdpØ ]£Ønse) N{μst∏mse lX-Zo-[n-Xn-x tNXv ˛ ad™ civantbmSp IqSnbXmsW¶n¬ D-®-an-{Xkzt£-{XKx A-]n ˛ (AXv) D®-Øntem an{X-t£-{X-Øntem kzt£-{X-Øntem n∂mepw hn_eo ˛ Zp¿∫embncn°pw.
  • 91. ^eZo]nI 86 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (5) XpwKÿm _en-tm f- Jn-em› iinx «mLyw ln ]t£m-Zv`hw `mtm¿±n-Kv_-e-am-l- h-{I-K-at Xmcm-{K-lmWmw _ew I¿Iyp£mP-L-Sm-fn-tKm- f ln-˛ c-_-emt¥ym-£m-izn-]m-›m-XyKx tIXp-kvX-Xv]-cn-th-j[zkp- _eo - tN-μz¿°-tbmtK nin. 14. {Kl_ew (s]mXpsh) 1. XpwKÿm _en-x A-Jn-emx -˛ D®-Øn¬ F√m {Kl-ßfpw _ehm∑-mWv. 2. iinx«mLyw ]t£m-¤hw ˛ N{μp ]£-_-ehpw `mtmx ZnKv_-ew ˛ kqcyp ZnKv_-ehpw Xmcm-{K-lmWmw _ew h-{I-K-at ˛ a‰p {Kl-߃°p h{I_ehpw ({][mamWv.) 3. Aln ˛ cmlp I¿°n D£ AP- L-S Afn -tKm-˛ I¿°Sw, CShw, taSw, Ipw`w hr›nIw cminIfnepw tIXpx ˛ tIXp A_-e A¥y- D£ Aizn- ]m-›m-XyKx ˛ I∂n, aow, CShw, [p c≠mw]IpXn Chbnepw ]-cn-th-j [zkp- -tN-μz¿°-tbmtK nin.* ˛ ]cn-th-j-w, C{μ[p v F∂o kqcytbmKßfpsSIqsSbpw _eo ˛ _eap≈hcmIp∂p * Cμp, nin F∂o c≠p hm°pIƒ Cu X¿÷abv°v B[mcamb mep hymJym ßfnepw hniZoIcn®p ImWp∂n√. ]cn-th-j-w XpSßnb A©v (D]) {KlßfpsS KWnXw A≤ymbw 25˛¬ hcp∂p≠v. (6) cq]w amp-j-t` f fn-t` f w-{Ln-c-]-tc-jz¿≤w _ew kymØtm˛ kvXpeyw kzman-_-te tNm]-N-btK mtY f Xn-ho-tcym¬°Sw kzmao-Uy-⁄-bp-tX-£ntX Ihn-bptX Nmssy-c-bp-t‡-£ntX i¿h-cym-∂n-in(1)- cm-i-tbm- f ln ]tc hocym-znXmx Io¿Øn-Xmx. (1) ]mTt`Zw: i¿hcymw iin..
  • 92. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 87 15. e·-_ew 1. cq]w amp-j-t` ˛ ap-jy-cm-in-Iƒ (anYp-w,I∂n, Xpemw, Ipw`w, [p BZy]-IpXn) e·-am-bm¬ B e·Ønp ]q¿Æ-_-ehpw Afnt` Aw{Ln ˛ hr›nIambm¬ Im¬_-ehpw ]tcjp A¿≤w ˛ a‰p-≈hbmbm¬ ]IpXn _ehpw e`n°pw. 2. . Xpeyw kzman-_-te ˛ e·Øns‚ _ew e·m[n]s‚ _eØnp Xpeyambncn°pw. (e·m[n]p _eans√¶n¬ e·hpw Zp¿∫eambncn°pw.) D]-N-btK mtY AXn-ho-tcym¬°Sw˛ e·m[n]≥ n¬°p∂Xv D]Nbÿmßfn¬ (3˛6˛10˛11) BsW¶n¬ e·Øns‚ _ew hfsc h¿≤n°pIbpw sNøpw. 3. Assy-c-bp-t‡-£ntX ˛ a‰p≈hbpsS ÿnXntbm ZrjvSntbm C√msX kzmao-Uy-⁄-bp-tX-£ntX Ihn-bptX˛ e·m[n]tm hymgtam _p[tm ip{Itm e·Øn¬ n¬°pItbm e·Øntebv°p tm°pItbm sNbvXmepw e·w _eap≈Xmbncn°pw 4. i¿h-cym -n-in-cm-i-tbm- ˛ cm{Xnbn¬ cm{XncminIƒ (A.1, t«m. 8) e·ambmepw Aln ]tc hocym-znXmx Io¿Øn-Xmx.˛ ]I¬kabØv ]I¬cminIƒ e·ambmepw B e·w _eap≈Xmbncn°pw. (7) tkzmt® ]q¿Æw kz{Xn-tImtW {Xn]mZw kzt£-t{X f ¿≤w an{Xt` ]mZ-tah ZznSvt£-t{X f ¬∏w oN-tK f kvXw-K-tX f ]n t£{Xw hocyw njv^ew kymZv{Klm-Wmw. 16.ÿm_e{Iaw {Kl߃ D®w. kzt£{Xw XpSßnbhbn¬ n∂m¬ In´p∂ _ew: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ÿnXn D®w aqe-{Xn-. kz an{X- i{Xp- oNw auVyw _ew ]q¿Æ-w ap°m¬ ]IpXn Im¬ A¬∏w _e-an-√. _e-an-√.
  • 93. ^eZo]nI 88 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (8) tIt{μ -{K-lm-Wm-ap-ZnXw ^ew bXv kptJ `-ky-kvX-Krtl hnet· D]-cyp-]-cyp-‡-]-Z-{I-taW - _em`n-hr≤nw ln hnI-ev]-b-¥n. 17. tI{μ_e{Iaw tIt{μ -{K-lm-Wmw ˛ tI{μØn¬ n¬°p-tºmƒ {Kl߃°p In´p∂ -ÿm_ew kptJ `kn AkvX hne· 4, 10-, 7-, 1 ˛ `mhßfn¬ 1/4 1/ 2 3/4 ]q¿Æw ˛ Cu {IaØn¬ D]-cn D]-cn D‡- ]-Z-{I-taW -_em`n-hr≤nw ˛ h¿≤n®ph¿≤n®p hcpw. 18. Zr-jvSn _e{Iaw (9) t{ijvtTXn km k]vX-a-Zr-jvSn-tch k¿h{X hmNym XYm f y-ZrjvSnx tbmKm-Znjp yq-^-e-{]-tZXn hnti-j-Zr-jvSn¿ Xp(1) ssI›n-Zp-‡m. (1) ]mTt`Zw ˛ p. {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn_ew IW°m°p∂Xnv --˛˛ 1. t{ijvtTXn km k]vX-a-Zr-jvSnx- Gh -˛ Ggn-te-bv°p≈ ZrjvSn-am{XamWv t{ijvTambn´p≈Xv; XYm Ay-ZrjvSnx ˛ a‰p ZrjvSn-Iƒ (hntijZrjvSnIfpw ]mZZrjvSnIfpw) - AXnp kaw hcn√. k¿h{X hmNym ˛ (F∂v) F√m-bn-SØpw ]d-b-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. 3. tbmKm-Znjp yq-^-e-{]-tZXn hnti-j-Zr-jvSn ˛ tbmKmZnIfn¬ hnti-j-Zr-jvSn°p yq^eamWv. Xp (p) ssI›n-Zp-‡m. ˛ As√∂p ]dbp∂hcpw D≠v. Kl_ew IW°m°p∂Xnp≈ ZrjvSn_eØnv Ggntebv°p≈, Ggn¬ n∂pap≈, ZrjvSnam{Xw FSpØm¬ aXn. tbmKmZn hnjbßfn¬ hntijZrjvSn XpSßnbh FSp°Wtam F∂ ImcyØn¬ A`n]mbhyXymkap≠p Xmpw.
  • 94. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 89 (10) ssk¿KnIw i{Xp-kp-lr-Xz-tah `thXv {]amWw ^e-Imcn kayIv XmXvIm-enIw Imcy-h-ti hmNyw X—-{Xp-an-{X-Xz-a-n-Xy-ta-h. 19. h¿§_ew ssk¿KnIw i{Xp-kp-lr-Xz-tah... ˛ nk¿§i-{Xp-an-{XXzw am{Xta (km[mcW) {K-l_eNn¥ -bn¬ {]k-‡-am-bp-≈q. XmXvIm-enIw Imcy-h-ti hmNyw ˛ X¬°m-e-i-{Xp-an-{XXzw Imcyhim¬ ]d™XmWv-. X—-{Xp-an-{X-Xz-a-n-Xy-ta-h ˛ B (X¬°me) i{Xpan{XXzw AnXyamWv. (ImcWw Ah Hmtcm PmXIØnepw amdn amdn hcp∂p.) (11) nt»jtZmj-l-ctW ip`-h¿≤t N hocyw Kptcm-c-[nIa-kvXy-Jn-e-{K-tl`yx XZzo-cy-]m-Z-Zfi‡n-`rXu ⁄ip{Iu Nm{μw _e¥p nJn-e-{K-l-ho-cy_o-Pw. 20. ip`_e{Iaw nt»jtZmj-l-ctW ˛ k¿h-tZm-j-ßfpw in-∏n-°p-∂-Xnpw ip`-h¿≤t N ˛ ip`-^ew h¿≤n∏n-°p-∂-Xnpw AJn-e-{K-tl`yx ˛ F√m (ip`) {Klßfnepw sh®v hocyw Kptcm-x A[nIakvXn ˛ hymgØnv A[nIw (ip`)_eap≠v. XZzo-cy-]m-Z-Zfi‡n-`rXu ⁄ip{Iu ˛ Kpcphns‚ ip`_eØns‚ Im¬_ew _p[pw, ]IpXn_ew ip{Ipw D≠v. Nm{μw _e¥p nJn-e-{K-l-ho-cy_o-Pw˛ F√m {Kl-ß-fp-sSbpw _e-Øns‚ ASnÿm-w N{μs‚ _e amWv. 21. N{μ-{In-b, N{μmhÿ, N{μ-th-f (12) P∑¿£-hn-L-Sow ossX¿ ⁄mmw-ssK¿-ssb¿`-tPXv e_v[m-›-{μ-{In-bm-hÿm˛ thfm-Jym-kvXXv^ew {IamXv.
  • 95. ^eZo]nI 90 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly P∑¿£-hn-L-Sow ˛ P∑--£-{X-hn-m-gn-Isb, ossXx ˛ 06 (60) ⁄mmw-ssKx ˛ 003 (300) ssb ˛ 001 (100) Ch-sIm-≠v, AXm-b-Xv, Pn® £-{X-Øn¬ Ign-™p-t]mb mgn-I-hn-m-gn-I-Isf hn-m-gn- I- Ifm°n Ahsb 60-˛300-˛100 F∂o kwJy-IƒsIm≠v lcn-®m¬ e_v[mx ˛ In´p-∂Xv {IamXv ˛ {IaØn¬ N{μ-{In-b ˛ N{μ-{In-b A-hÿm ˛ N{μmhÿ the ˛ N{μ-th-f B-Jym-x X¬^ew ˛ F∂nh BIp-∂p. 1. 60˛sIm≠p lcn®m¬ N{μ{Inb ˛ 60 FÆw 2. 300˛sIm≠p lcn®m¬ N{μm{hÿ ˛ 12 FÆw 3. 100˛sIm≠p lcn®m¬ N{μthf. ˛ 36 FÆw (13) ÿmmZv {`jvS-kvX-]kzo ]c-bp-h-Xn-c-tXm ZyqX-IrXv (1) lkvXn-ap-Jym˛ cqVx knwlm-k-tÿm c-]-Xn-c-cnlm ZWvU-tXm KpWo N njv{]m-W-—n-∂-aq¿≤m £X-I-c-N-ctWm _‘-tÿm hnjvtSm cmPm thZm--[otX kz]nXn kpN-cnXx kwkvartXm [¿Ω-I¿Øm. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ XkvItcm (14) kZzwtiym n[n-kw-KXx {ipX-Iptem hymJym-]-c-x i{Xplm tcmKo i{Xp-PnXx kztZ-i-N-entXm `rtXym hn-jvSm¿∞Ix Bÿmo N kpa-{¥Ix ]c-a-lo`¿Øm k`mtcym KP˛ {XkvX-x kwbp-K-`o-Xn-am--Xn-`tbm eotm f ∂-Zm-Xm -f ·n-Kx.
  • 96. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 91 (15) £pZv_m[m-k-ln-tXm- f ∂-a-Øn- hn-N-c- ∑mwkm-i-tm- f kv{X-£Xx tkmZzmtlm [rX-I-μptIm hnl-cXn ZypssX¿-rt]m ZpxJnXx iømtÿm cn]p-tk-hn-X› kkp-lr- tZymKo(1) N `mcym-zntXm arjvSmio N ]bx ]n_≥ kpIr-X-IrXv kzÿ-kvX-YmkvtX kpJw. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ [ymo 22. N{μ-{Inbm^ew 1. ÿm-m¬{`jvS ˛ ÿmw jvSs∏´h≥ 2. X]-kzn ˛ GIm{KXbp≈h≥ 3. ]c-bp-h-Xo-c-X ˛ ]c-kv{Xo-cX≥ 4. ZyqXIrXv ˛ NqXm´°mc≥ 5. lkvXn-ap-Jym-cqV ˛ apJyamb B-∏pdØv Ccn°p∂h≥ 6. knwlm-k-ÿ ˛ knwlmkØn¬ Ccn°p∂h≥ 7. c-]Xn ˛ cmPmhv 8. Acnlm ˛ i{Xp-°sf h[n°p∂h≥ 9. ZWvU-tXm ˛ in£m-[n-Imcn 10. KpWo ˛ KpW-hm≥ 11. njv{]m-W ˛ Pohn√mØh≥ 12. - On-∂-aq¿≤m ˛ inc ‰h≥. 13. £X-I-c-N-ctWm ˛ ssIIm-ep-I-fn¬ apdnhpIƒ 14. _‘-tÿm ˛ XShpImc≥ 15. hnjvtSm ˛ jvSs∏´h≥ 16. cmPm ˛ cmPmhv 17. thZm--[otX ˛ sshZnIhnZym¿∞n 18. kz]nXn ˛ Ddßp∂h≥, Aek≥ 19. kpN-cnXw kwkva-c≥ ˛ kXvI¿Ωw Hm¿°p∂h≥ 20 [¿Ω-I¿Øm ˛ [m¿ΩnI≥ 21. kZzwtim ˛ √ hwi-Øn¬ Pw. 22. n[n-kw-KX ˛ n[n- In´nbh≥, 23. {ipX-Item ˛ {]kn≤amb IpeØn¬ Pn®h≥ 24. hymJym-]-c ˛ hymJymXmhv 25. - i-{Xplm ˛ i{Xp-°sf in-∏n-°p-∂-h≥ 26. tcmKo ˛ tcmKn
  • 97. ^eZo]nI 92 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 27. i{Xp-PnXx ˛ i{Xp-hn-m¬ Pbn-°-s∏-´-h≥ 28. kztZ-i-N-entXm ˛ kztZiw -hn-´-h≥ 29. `rtXym ˛ the-°m-c≥ 30. hn-jvSm¿∞I ˛ [-sa√mw jvSambh≥ 31. Bÿmo ˛ cmP-k-Z- n-epp≈h≥ 32. kpa-{¥nI ˛ √ a{¥n- / D]tZjvSmhv 33. ]c-a-lo`¿Øm ˛ a‰p≈hcpsS `qan A[oØnep≈h≥ 34. k`mtcym ˛ `mcy-tbmSpIqSnbh≥ 35. KP{XkvX ˛ Bsb t]Sn-bp≈-h≥ 36. - kw-bp-K-`o-Xn-am- ˛ bp≤-`ocp 37. A-Xn-`tbm ˛ henb `btØmSp IqSnbh≥ 38. eotm ˛ ad™ncn°p∂h≥ 39. A-∂-Zm-Xm- ˛ A∂Zmw sNøp∂h≥ 40. A·n-K ˛ Xobn¬ s]´h≥ 41. £pZv_m[m-k-ln-X ˛ hni-∏-p≈h≥ 42. A-∂-a-Øn- ˛ A∂w `£n°p-∂-h≥ 43. hn-N-c≥ ˛ k©mcn 44. amwkm-i-tm- ˛ amwkt`mPn 45. Akv{X-£X ˛ Bbp[wsIm≠p≈ apdnhv 46. tkmZzmtlm ˛ hnhm-lnX≥ 47. [rX-I-μptIm ˛ ]¥p [cn®h≥ 48. hnl-cXn ZypssXx ˛ NqXp Ifn-°p-∂-h≥ 49. -rt]m ˛ cmPmhv 50. ZpJnX ˛ ZpJn-X≥ 51. iømtÿm ˛ InS-°-bn¬ InS°p-∂-h≥ 52. cn]p-tk-hn-Xx ˛ i{Xp-°-fm¬ tkhn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ 53. kkp-lrZv ˛ kvtln-X-cp-≈-h≥ 54. tbmKn / [ymo 55. `mcym-zntXm ˛ `mcy-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ 56. arjvSmio ˛ btYjvSw `£n°p∂h≥ 57. ]bx ]n_≥ ˛ ]m¬ IpSn-°p-∂-h≥ 58. kpIr-X-IrXv ˛ kpIrXw sNøp-∂h≥ 59. kzÿx ˛ BtcmKyhm≥, kzÿ≥ 60. BkvtX kpJw ˛ kpJambncn°p∂h≥, k¥pjvS≥
  • 98. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 93 (16) Bfl-ÿm-mXv {]hmtkm aln-X-r-]]Zm˛ k‡Xm {]mW-lm-n¿˛ `q]meXzw kzhw-tim-Nn-X-Kp-W-n-ctXm tcmK Bÿm--KXzw `oXnx £pZv_m-[n-XXzw bph-Xn-]-cn-Wtbm cay-i-øm-p-j‡nw arjvSminXzw N KoXm CXn nb-a-h-imXv k¤n-cn-tμm-c-h-ÿm. 23. N{μm-hÿm^ew 1. BflÿmmXv {]hmtkm ˛ kz¥w hoSp hn´p≈ hmkw (AytZihmkw) 2. aln-X-r-]]Z Bk‡Xm ˛ cmP-]-Zhn°p tamln°p∂h≥ 3. {]mW-lm-n ˛ acWw 4. `q]meXzw ˛ cmPXzw 5. kzhw-tim-Nn-X-Kp-W-n-cX ˛ kz¥w hwi-Ønv DNn-X-amb KpWßfn¬ ncX≥ 6. tcmKw 7. Bÿm--KXzw ˛ cmP-k-Z- n¬ ÿmw 8. `oXnx ˛ `bw 9. £p¬_m-[n-XXzw ˛ hni∏p _m[n®h≥ 10. bph-Xn-]-cn-Wtbm ˛ bphXnsb hnhmlw sNbvXh≥ 11. cay-i-øm-p-j‡nw ˛ cayamb InSbv°tbmSv {]XyICjvSw 12. arjvSminXzw ˛ `£WkpJw (17) aq¿≤m-atbm apZn-XXm bPw kpJtÿm t{Xm-abx kpJn-XXm hn-Xm-hn-lmcx D{K-Pzcx I-I-`q-j-W-a-{ip-tam£x t£zfm-i-w n[p-hw PT-cky tcmKx. (18) {IoUmPte lkNn{X-hn-te-Jt N t{Im[› rØ-I-cWw LrX-`p‡nnt{Z(1) Km-{Inbm(2) Zi--cpIv Ielx {]bm-W˛ ap∑-Ø-XmY (N) ken-em-π-hw hntcm[x. ]mT-t`Zw ˛ (1) [rX-`p‡nnt{Z (2) Zm-{Inbm
  • 99. ^eZo]nI 94 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (19) tkz—m-ÿmw £pZv`bw imkv{X-em`w sskzcw tKmjvTo tbm[w ]pWy-I¿Ω ]m]mNmcx {Iqc-I¿Ωm -{]-l¿jx {]mss⁄tchw N{μ-thfmx {]ZnjvSmx 24. N{μ-th-fm-^ew 1 aq¿≤m-atbm ˛ intcm-tcmKw 2 apZn-XXm ˛ kt¥mjw 3 bPw ˛ bmK-I¿Ωw 4 kpJÿm ˛ kpJ-am-bn-(kzÿambn)cn-°p∂h≥ 5 t{Xm-abx ˛ t{X-tcmKw 6 kpJ-XXm ˛ kpJmhÿ 7 hn-Xm-hn-lmcx ˛ kv{Xo hntmZw 8 D{K-Pzc ˛ ISpØ ]n 9 I-I-`q-j-W- ˛ kz¿Æm-`-c-W-߃ 10 A-{ip-tam£ ˛ IÆo¿ {]hmlw 11 t£zfm-i-w ˛ hnjw Ign-°pI 12 n[-phw ˛ kvXo_‘w 13 PT-cky tcmK ˛ DZ-c-tcmKw 14 {IoUm Pte ˛ Pe{IoU (bpw) lkNn{X-hn-te-Jt N ˛ Nncnbpw Nn{Xwhcbpw 15 t{Im[w ˛ tZzjyw 16 rØ-I-cWw ˛ rØw 17 LrX-`p‡n ˛ sbv `£Ww 18 n{Z ˛ Dd°w 19 Km-{Inb ˛ ]m´p-]m-S¬ 20 Zi--cpIv ˛ Z¥tcmKw 21 Ielw 22 {]bm-Ww ˛ bm{X 23 D∑-Ø-X ˛ {`m¥v / elcn 24 ken-em-π-hw ˛ o¥¬ 25 hntcm[w 26 tkz—m-ÿmw ˛ CjvS-ÿmw 27 £pØv ˛ hni∏v 28. `bw 29 imkv{X-em` ˛ imkv{X-]Tw 30 sskzcw ˛ sskzcw, btYjvSw
  • 100. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 95 31 tKmjvTo ˛ k` 32. tbm[w ˛ bp≤w 33 ]pWy-I¿Ωw 34 ]m]-Nmcw ˛ ]m]I¿Ωw 35 {Iqc-≥ 36 -{]-l¿jw ˛ hen-b kt¥mjw {]mss⁄x Ghw N{μ-thfmx {]ZnjvSmx ˛ ]finXcm¬ Cßs N{μthfm^ew ]dbs∏´ncn°p∂p. ]Zw apdn°p∂ ImcyØn¬ hymJymßfn¬ Bib°pg∏w ImWp≠v. AXns‚ ^eambn ]ebnSØpw A¿∞hpw amdp∂p≠v. DZm: (1) £pZv`bw. (2) {IoUmPte lkNn{X-hn-te-Jt N. DZmlcWPmXIw: 1. £{XKXw (mfn¬ sN∂ mgnI) : 46˛30 2. mgnIIsf hnmgnIIfm°ptºmƒ : 2790 3. N{μ{Inb (60 sIm≠p lcn°pI) : 46.5 = 47. [rXIμpIw 4. N{μmhÿ (300 sIm≠p lcn°pI) : 9.3 = 10. bphXo]cWbw 5. N{μthe (100 sIm≠p lcn°pI) : 27.9 = 28. £p¤bw. (20) PmXtI N aplq¿tØ N {]ivt N{μ{In-bm-Zbx kay-Iv^-e{]ZmkvX-kvam-Zzn-ti-tjW hnNn-¥-tb-Xv. 25. N{μ{Inb apXembhbpsS ta∑- PmXtI N aplq¿tØ N {]ivt ˛ Pm-X-I-Ønepw aplq¿Ø-Ønepw {]iv-Ønepw N{μ-{InbmZbx ˛ N{μ-{Inb apX-em-bh kay-Iv^-e{]Zmx ˛ icn--bmb ^ew Xcp-∂hbmWv. X-kvam-Xv hnti-tjW hnNn-¥-tbXv ˛ A-Xp-sIm≠v Ah hnti-j-ambpw Nn¥n°-Ww. (21) ]t£m-¤hw lna-I-cky hnin-jvSamlpx ÿmtm-¤-h¥p _e-a-`y(]y-)[nIw ]tcjmw X’w-{]-bp-‡-an-X-ssc-c-[n-Im-[nIw kym˛ Zymn tX kZr-imn _lqn tNXv (tX) kypx.
  • 101. ^eZo]nI 96 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 26. {][m_e߃ lnaIcky ]t£m-¤hw hnin-jvS-amlp˛N{μp ]£-_ew hnin-jvS-am-Wv. ÿmtm-¤-hw _e-a-]n A-[nIw ]tcjmw ˛ a‰p {Kl߃°p ÿm-_-ew ][mw. X’w-{]-bp-‡-an-X-ssc- A[n-Im-[nIw˛ (ChbpsSIqsS) a‰p_e߃IqSn tNcptºmƒ {Kl-Øns‚ _ew A[nIcn°p-∂p. Aymn tX kZrimn _lqn ˛ CØcw _e-ß-fm-Is´ At-I-ap-≠p Xm-pw. (22) km¿≤m-n- jSv Xo£vW-Itcm _eobm≥ N{μkvXp jSv ]© hkp-‘-cmPx k]vtX-μp-kqtm chn-hXv KptcmkvXp km¿≤mn ]©mY kntXm _eo kymXv. (23) aμkvXp ]ss©h ln jSv_-emmw kwtbmK Ghm]cYm-([m)yYm kypx Ghw {KlmWmw kz_em_emn hnNn¥y kayIv IY-tbXv ^em-n. 27. ^eZmØnv Hmtcm {KlØnpw AXymhiyw D≠mbncnt°≠ _ew: 1. kA¿≤m-n- jSv Xo£vW-Itcm _eobm≥ ˛ kqcyv _e-]n-WvUw Bd-c, 2. N{μx Xp jSv ˛ N{μv Bdv, 3. ]© hkp-‘-cmPx ˛ A©p IpP-v. 4. k]vX - Cμp-kqtm ˛ Ggv _p[-v. 5. chn-hXv KptcmkvXp ˛ kqcy-s-t∏mse Kpcp-hnv 6. km¿≤mn ]© kntXm ˛ A©c ip{Iv, 7. aμkvXp ]ss©h ˛ in°v A©v,
  • 102. A≤ymbw 4 (jUv_encp]Ww) 97 jUv_eNn¥bn¬ {Kl߃°v Cßs _ew In´p∂ns√¶n¬ Ah Zp¿∫eß fmWv. Ghw {KlmWmw kz_em_emn hnNn¥y kayIv IY-tbXv ^em-n - ˛ Cßs {KlßfpsS _em_e߃ Nn¥n®p thWw ^e߃ ]dbphm≥. ^eZmØnv Hmtcm {KlØnpw AXymhiyw D≠mbncnt°≠ _ew: chn N{μ≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in 6 1 /2 6 5 7 6 1 /2 5 1 /2 5 (24) e·mZnImma[n-]ky ]nWvtU cq]m-zntX XXv_-e-]n-WvU-amlpx {Klky bkymw Znin ZnKv_ew kym˛ ØZv`m-h-hocyw kl-tX f ky ZrjvSym. 28. `mhm[n]_ew 1. e·mZnImma[n-]ky ]nWvtU ˛ e·w XpSßnb `mhßfpsS mY∑-mcpsS _e]nfiw cq]m-zntX XXv _-e-]n-fi-amlpx ˛ ]{¥≠v (c˛2 ]˛1 = 12) Ds≠¶n¬ AXp ]q¿Æ_eap≈Xmbn. 2. {Klky bkymw Znin ZnKv_ew kymXv ˛ Hcp {KlØnv ZnKv_eap≈ `mhØntebv°v Aky ZrjvSym XZv`m-h-hocyw (k)l-tX ˛ AXns‚ ZrjvSn hcp∂Xv B `mhØns‚ _esØ in∏n°p∂p. (DZm: e·Øntebv°p _p[s‚ ZrjvSn.) DZmlcWPmXIØnse {KlßfpsS jUv_ew N{μ≥ kqcy≥ _p[≥ ip{I≥ IpP≥ Kpcp in 10.07 8.31 8.85 5.57 7.59 4.75 7.50 DZmlcWklnXw jUv_eKWnXØnv Ap_‘w 2 ImWpI.
  • 103. ^eZo]nI 98 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 5 I¿Ω-mPo-h-{]-I-cWw (hcpamam¿§w, sXmgn¬, Pohtm]mbw XpSßnbh) (1) A¿∞m]vXnw IY-tb-Zzn-e-·-i-intmx {]m_-eyXx tJNsscx I¿Ωssÿx ]nXr-amXrim{X-h-kp-lr-Zv˛ {`m-{Xm-Zn`nx kv{XoP-mXv (1) `rXymZzm Zn-m-Y-e-·i-inmw at≤y _eo-bmw-kvXXx I¿tΩiÿ hmwicmin]himZv˛ hrØnw PKp-kvX-ZznZx. ]mTt`Zw (1) kv{Xo[-mXv 1. [mKaw Nn¥nt°≠ hn[w hne-· i-intm ˛ e·w, N{μ≥ Chbn¬ {]m_-eyX ˛ _ew A[nIw D≈Xns‚ I¿Ωssÿx tJNssc ˛ ]Øn¬ n¬°p-∂ {KlsØs°m≠v A¿∞m]vXnw IY-tb-Xv ˛ [-e_v[nsb ]d-bWw. 2. [mKaw Bcp hgn°v ? ]nXr- amXr im{X-h ....- ]Øn¬ n¬°p∂ [hchnp ImcW (_etadp∂) {Klw amIp∂ _‘p kqcy-≥ ˛ ]nXr ˛ A—≥ N{μ-≥ amXr ˛ AΩ IpP-≥ im{X-h ˛ i{Xp-°ƒ _p[-≥ - kp-lr-Zv ˛ kplr-Øp°ƒ hymgw {`m{Xm-Zn`n ˛ ktlm-Z-c-∑mcm¬, ip{I-≥ kv{XoP-m¬ ˛ kv{XoI-fm¬, in- `rXymZzm ˛ the-°mcm¬.
  • 104. A≤ymbw 5 (I¿Ω-mPo-h-{]-I-cWw) 99 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 3. sXmgn¬ I¿tΩiÿ.... Zn-m-Y- e-· -i-inmw at≤y ˛ kqcy≥, e·w, N{μ≥ Ch-cn¬, _eo-bmw-kvXXx ˛ _e-ap-≈Xns‚ I¿tΩiÿ ˛ ]Ømw `mhm-[n-]s‚ hmwicmin]himXv ˛ hmw-i-Øns‚ mYss°m≠v hrØnw PKp-x X-Zv hnZx ˛ hr-Ønsb (I¿Ω-sØ) ]d-b-Ww. kqcy≥, e·w, N{μ≥ Ch-cn¬ _e-ap-≈Xns‚ ]Ømw`mhm-[n-]s‚ hmw-i-Øns‚ mYss°m≠v I¿Ω-sØ ]d-b-Ww. (2) ^e-{Zp-ssa¿a-{¥-_-sse (1) › imTym¬ ZypXm-rssXx Iw_-f-t`-j-PmssZyx [mXp-{I-bmZzm £nXn-]m-e-]qtPym(2) Poh-Xyku ]¶-P-h-√-`mw-ti. ]mT-t`-Zw ˛ (1) Pss]›. (2) ]qPymXv ]Ømw`mhm[ns‚ hmw-im-[n-]Xn˛˛ 1. ]¶-P-h-√-`mw-ti -˛ kqcymbncp∂m¬ ^e-{Zp-ssax ˛ ^e-hr-£-߃ a-{¥-_-ssex ˛ a{¥-߃ imTym¬ ˛ imTyw ZyqXmXv ˛ NqXp-Ifn A-rssX ˛ AkXyw Iw_-f t`-j-P BssZy ˛ Iºnfn, acp∂v XpS-ßn-bh [mXp-{I-bmXv ˛ [mXp-hn¬∏ £nXn-]m-e-]qP ˛ cmP-tkh Poh-Xyku ˛ ChsIm≠v Pohn°pw. ˛˛ ]Ømw`mhØns‚ hmw-im-[n-]Xn kqcy-m-bn-cp-∂m¬ ta¬∏d™hbpambn _‘s∏´ sXmgnepIsfSpØv Pohn°pw. ]Ømw`mhm-[n-]s‚ hmw-im[n]≥ kqcymbncp∂m¬, kqcys‚ Ahÿ (ApIqew/{]XnIqew, ^eZmtijn ({Kl_ew, `mh_ew) Apkcn®v NqXpIfnapX¬ cmPtkhhsc, hnhn[amb, √Xpw NoØ bpamb, I¿Ω߃sIm≠v Pohnt°≠Xmbn hcpw F∂mWv ChnsS ]dbp∂Xv. CXpt]mse a‰p {KlßfpsS ImcIXzßfpw kμ¿`w Apkcn®v Xmsg ]dbpw{]Imcw HcmfpsS D]Poham¿§ambn hcpw. Cu am¿§tcJIƒ sh®v, kμ¿`mpkcWw, Dulmt]ml߃ hgn, HcmfpsS sXmgn¬, Hcmƒ°p tbmPn® sXmgn¬, Is≠ØWw.
  • 105. ^eZo]nI 100 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (3) Ptem-¤-hmmw {Ib-hn-{I-tbW Irjn-{In-bm-tKm-a-ln-jo-k-apss∞x Xo¿∞m-S-mZzm hn-Xm-{i-bmZzm nim-I-cmwti hk--{I-bm-Zzm. 2. nim-I-cmwti ˛ N{μm-bn-cp-∂m¬ Ptem-¤-hmmw {Ib-hn-{I-tbW ˛ sh≈-Øn¬n∂p In´p-∂-hbpsS (apØv apXembhbpsS) hym]m-cw- Irjn-{In-bm ˛ Irjn - tKm- a-ln-jo -k-apss∞x ˛ ]ip, Fcpa F∂n-h Xo¿∞m-S-mXv ˛ Xo¿∞m-S-w hn-Xm-{i-bmXv ˛ kv{XoIsf B{i-bn®v hk--{I-bm-Xv ˛ hkv{X-hym-]m-cw XpSßnbhsIm≠v Poh-Xyku ˛ Pohn°pw. . (4) `uamw-itI [mXp-c-W-{]-lm-ssc¿˛ Ωlm--kmZv `qan-h-imXv kph¿ÆmXv ]tcm-]-Xm]mbp[-km-l-ssk¿hm tæ—m-{i-bmXv kqN-I-tNm-c-hr-Xym. 3. `uamw-itI ˛ IpPm-bn-cp-∂m¬ [mXp- ˛ [mXp{Zhy-߃ c-W-{]-lm-sscx ˛ bp≤w, _e-{]-tbmKw apX-em-b-h- alm--kmXv ˛ ASp-°-f-∏-Wn- `qan-h-imXv ˛ `qan- / `qanbn¬n∂pap≈ hcpamw kph¿ÆmXv ˛ kz¿Æw ]tcm-]-Xm] ˛ a‰p-≈-hsc t{Zmln®v Bbp-[km-l-sskx ˛ Bbp-[w, kmlkw tæ—m-{i-bm¬ ˛ tæ—∑msc B{i-bn®v kqN-I-tNm-c-hr-Xym ˛ Nmc-{]-hr-Øn, Ifhv Ch-sIm≠v Pohn°pw..
  • 106. A≤ymbw 5 (I¿Ω-mPo-h-{]-I-cWw) 101 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (5) Imhym-K-ssa¿teJ-(1) -en-]yp-]m-ssb¿˛ tPymXn¿K-W-⁄m--h-im-Zv _p-[mwti ]cm¿∞-th-Zm-≤y-b-m-÷-]m® ]ptcm-ln-X-hym-P-h-imXv {]hr-Ønx. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ teJI 4. _p-[mwti ˛ _p[m-bn-cp-∂m¬ Imhym-K-ssa ˛ Imhyw, B-K-aw teJ- en-]n D-]m-ssbx ˛ Fgp-Øp]Wn, en]n D]tbmKn®p≈ a‰p tPmenIƒ tPymXn¿K-W-⁄m--h-im-Xv - ˛ tPymXn-j⁄mw ]c A¿∞w- ˛ Ay-cpsS [w th-Zm-≤y-b-mXv ˛ th-Zm-≤y-b-w P-]mXv N ˛ P]w ]ptcm-ln-X-hym-P-h-im¬ ˛ hym-P]ptcm-ln-X--mbn´v {]hr-Ønx ˛ Cu {]h¿Øn-IƒsIm≠v Pohn°pw.. (6) Pohmw-itI `qkp-c-tZ-h-Xmmw kam-{i-bmZvv `qan-]-Xn-{]-km-ZmXv ]pcm-W-im-kv{Xm-K-a-o-Xn-am¿§m˛ ≤¿tΩm-]-tZ-ti Ipko-Zhr-Øym. 5. Pohmw-itI ˛ hymgam-bn-cp-∂m¬ `qkp-c-tZ-h-Xmmw kam-{i-bm¬ ˛ {_m“-W-scbpw tZh-∑m-scbpw B{i-bn®v `qan-]-Xn-{]-km-Zm¬ ˛ cmP{]kmZw ]pcm-W-im-kv{XB-K-a-o-Xn-am¿§mXv ˛ ]pcm-Ww-, im-kv{Xw, B-K-aw, -o-Xn-am¿§w [¿tΩm-]-tZ-ti ˛ [¿tΩm-]-tZ-iwsIm≠v Ipko-Zhr-Øym ˛ ]Ww ]en-ibv°p sImSp°¬ ChIƒsIm≠v Pohn°pw.. (7) kv{Xokw-{i-bmZv tKm(1) a-ln-jo-K-Pm-iz˛ kvXucy-{Xn-ssI¿hm -c-P-ssX› Kss‘x £ncm-Zy-e¶mc-]-So-]-SmssZyx ip{Imw-isI f amXy-KpssWx Ihn-Xzm¬ 1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ tKm C√.
  • 107. ^eZo]nI 102 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 6. ip{Imw-isI ˛ ip{I-m-bn-cp-∂m¬ kv{Xokw-{i-bmXv ˛ kv{XoIsf B{i-bn®v tKm a-ln-jo- K-Pw Aizw ˛ ]ip, Fcp-a, B, Ip-Xnc Xucy-{Xn-ssIx - ˛ Km-r-Ø-hm-Zy-߃ c-P-ssXx ˛ sh≈n, Kss‘ ˛ Nμw, kpK-‘-{Z-hy-߃ £ncm-Zn ˛ ]m¬ XpS-ßn-bh Aew-Im-c -]-So-]-SmssZyx ˛ hkv{Xm-Zn Ae¶m-c߃ AamXy-KpssWx ˛ Hcp a{¥n°p th≠Xmb KpW߃ Ihn-Xzm¬ ˛ Ihn-Xzw- ChsIm≠v Pohn°pw. (8) iyw-itI aqe-^ssex {itaW t{]ssjyx Jsse¿o-N-[ssx Ip[mssyx `mtcm-Zz-lmXv Ip’n-X-am-¿-K-hrØym in¬∏m-Zn-`n¿Zm-cp-a-ssb¿h-[mssZyx 7. iyw-itI ˛ inm-bn-cp-∂m¬ bpsS AwiIØn¬ aqe-^ssex ˛ Ing-ßp-Ifpw ^e-ßfpw {itaW ˛ ITnm≤zmw t{]ssjyx ˛ Zmky-{]-h¿Øn Jssex o-N[ss ˛ Zp-jvS-∑m-cpsSbpw oN-∑m-cp-sSbpw [w Ip[mssyx ˛ NoØ [myw `mtcm-Zz-lmXv ˛ `mcw hln®pw Ip’n-X-am-¿-K-hrØym ˛ Zp¿am¿§-߃ D]-tbm-Kn®pw in¬∏m-Zn-`n Zm-cp-a-ssb ˛ ac-wsIm≠p≈ in¬∏-ß-ƒ apX-em-b-h- h-[mssZy ˛ h[-w apX-em-b-h ChsIm≠p Pohn°pw. (9) Awtiti _e-h-Xy--b-Xv-[--kw˛ {]m]vXnw _-tem-tw f - it] kz¬∏w t{]m‡-^ew `th-Zp-`-bXx I¿Ω¿£-tZti ^ew Awi-tkym-‡Zniw htZXv ]Xn-bptX ZrjvtS kztZti ^ew kXyssyx ]c-tZiPw XZ-[n]˛ kymwti- kz-tZti ÿntc.
  • 108. A≤ymbw 5 (I¿Ω-mPo-h-{]-I-cWw) 103 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1. Awtiti _e-h-Xn- Ab-Xv-[--kw{]m]vXnx ˛ Awi-Im-[n-]v _e-ap-s≠-¶n¬ bXv-an-√msXXs∂ [-{]m]vXn D≠m-Ipw. Aiwt] _-tem-t kz¬∏w t{]m‡-^ew ˛ Awi-Im-[n-]v _e-an√m-Xn-cp-∂m¬ ]d™ ^ew ([-{]m]vXn) kz¬∏-ambn- cn-°pw. 2. `th-Zp-`-bX ^ew ˛ c≠p-{]-Im-c-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂mepw ^e{]m]vXn I¿Ω¿£-tZti, Awi-tkym-‡ Zniw htZXv ˛ ]Ømw`mhm-[n-]s‚tbm Awi-m-Ys‚tbm tZiØnembncn°pw D≠mhpI. ]XnbptX ZrjvtS kztZti ^ew ˛ Awim-[n-]Xn B AwiØn¬ Ccn-°p-Itbm AXn-tebv°p tm°p-Itbm sNbvXm¬ kztZ-i-Øn¬ ^e-ap-≠mIpw. Assyx ]c-tZiPw ˛ Ay-{K-l-߃ Ccn-°p-Itbm tm°p-Itbm sNbvXm¬ ]c-tZ-i-Øn¬ Bbn-cn°pw ^ew. XZ[n]ky Awti- kz-tZti ÿntc ˛ ]Ømw`mhm[n]s‚ AwiIw ÿnc-cm-in-bn¬ Bbn-cp-∂mepw kztZ-i-Øn¬ ^e-ap-≠m-Ipw. ]Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw, ]Ømw`mhm-[n-]s‚ hmw-i-mY≥ F∂o {Kl߃ kqNn∏n°mhp∂ [mKaam¿§ßfmWv apIfn¬ ]d™Xv. ^e-Zo-]nI Fgp-X-s∏-´n´p q‰m-≠p-Iƒ ]eXp Ign-™p. Cu Ime-b-f-hn-p-≈n¬ Imcy- ßfpw Hcp-]mSp amdn. sXmgn-ens‚ Imcyw-Xs∂ FSp-°q. F{X-am{Xw hn]p-ehpw sshhn- ≤yhp-am¿∂ -cwK-amWv AXn∂v. sF.-Sn.-ta-J-e-bn¬Xs∂ hyXy-kvX-amb AkwJyw sXmgn- ep-I-ƒ ImWmw. F√mw ]Ømw-`m-hw-sh®p I≠p]nSn-°-Ww. ]Ømw-`m-hw, ]Ømw-`m-hm- [n-]Xn, ]Ømw-`m-h-Øns‚ Imc-I-{K-l-߃, ]Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-߃, ]Øn-tebv°p tm°p∂ {Kl-߃, ]Ømw-`m-hm-[n-]≥ n¬°p∂ hmw-iw, e·w ˛ e·m-[n-]≥ ˛ N{μ≥ Ch-cpsS kzm[ow, ]Øns e·-ambn Nn¥n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ `mhm-¤mhNn¥, ˛ Cßs Nn¥n®p Nn¥n®v Bgv∂n-dßn Cdßn t]mtI≠nhcpw. ]Ømw`mh-Øns‚ am{X- a-√, F√m `mh-Øn-s‚bpw Imcyw CXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. √ _p≤n-i-‡nbpw Dulm-t]m-l- ]SpXzhpw CXn-m-h-iy-am-Wv. sXmgnepw hcp-amhpw ]Øpw ]Xn--sm∂pw `mh-ß-fn-emWp hcnI F∂p mw ^e- Zo-]nI H∂mw A≤ym-b-Øn¬]Tn-®XmWv. AXv ChnsS H∂p-IqsS Hm¿Ωn-t°-≠Xv Bh- iy-am-bn h∂n-cn-°p-∂p.
  • 109. ^eZo]nI 104 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]Ømw `mhw hym]m-cw, Bkv]Zw (ÿm-w), A`n-am-w, I¿aw (sXmgn¬), Pbw (Im-cy-km-≤yw), k¬t]-cv, bmKmZn I¿a-߃, Pohw (Po-hn-X-am¿§w), BImiw (]Ømw `mhw), BNm-cw, kXv{]-hr-Øn, S-Øw, B-⁄m-i-‡n. ]Xnsm∂mw `mhw em`w, Bbw (h-c-hv), BK-a-w, B]vXn (e-_v[n), kn≤n (In-´¬), hn`-hw (kn≤nhn`- hm≥ F∂pw), {]m]vXn, `hw, Io¿Øn, tPyjvT-k-tlm-Z-c≥, CSXp sNhn, kmc-kyw, kt¥mjw, BI¿Æ-w (tIƒ°¬). CXn¬n∂pw sXmgn¬ As√-¶n¬ hcp-am--am¿§w ]Ømw`mhw-sIm≠pw AXn¬n- ∂p≈ hcp-amw AXns‚ [`mh-amb (c-≠mw-`m-h-am-b) ]Xn-sm∂mw`mhw-sIm≠pw Nn¥n- °-W-sa∂p hcp-∂p. Cu A≤ym-b-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂ Imcy-ßfpw Cu ASn-ÿm--Øn¬Øs∂ thWw Nn¥n-°m≥. F√m `mh-߃ hgn-°p-ap≈ hc-hns‚ BI-ØpI ]Xn-sm-∂n¬ {]Xn- ^-en-°pw.
  • 110. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 105 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN A≤mybw 6 tbmK-߃ (1) cpN-I-`-{Z-I-lw-k-I-am-fhmx ki-iIm CXn ]© N Io¿ØnXmx kz`-h-tm-®-K-tXjp NXp-jvStb £nXn-kp-Xm-Znjp Xm≥ {Iatim htZ-Xv. ]©-a-lm-tbm-K-߃ kz`-h- D-®- K-tXjp NXp-jvStb ˛ Hcp {Klw n¬°p-∂Xv kzt£-{X-Øntem D®t£-{X-Øntem Bhp-Ibpw B cmin tI{μ-ÿm-w (1-˛4-˛7-˛10) Bhp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ 1. cpN-I - ˛ cpN-ItbmKw 2. `-{Z-I -˛ `-{Z-tbmKw 3. lw-k-I ˛ lw-ktbmKw 4. am-fhm ˛ am-fhytbmKw 5. i-iIm ˛ i-itbmKw CXn ]© ˛ F∂n-ßs A©p alm-tbm-K-߃ £nXn-kp-Xm-Znjp ˛ IpP≥ apXemb- A©p {Kl߃°p {Iaix htZ-Xv ˛ {Ia-Øn¬ ]d-bWw. ]©-a-lm-tbm-K-߃ {Klw ˛ tbmKw 1. IpP≥ ˛ cpNIw 2. _p[≥ ˛ `{ZIw 3. hymgw ˛ lwk-Iw 4 ip{I≥ ˛ am-fhw 5. in ˛ iiIw - (2) Zo¿Lmtkym _lp-km-l-km-]vXn-hn-`hx iqtcm -f cn-l¥m _eo K¿hnjvtSm cpNtI {]Xo-X-Kp-W-hm≥ tkm-]-Xn¿Pn-Xzcx Bbp-jvam≥ kIp-im-{K-_p-≤n-c-atem hnZz÷«mLntXm `qt]m `{Z-I-tbm-K-tPm- f Xn-hn-`-h-›mÿmtImem-lex.
  • 111. ^eZo]nI 106 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly cpN-ItbmK-^ew cpNtI ˛ cpN-ItbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥- Zo¿Lmtkym ˛ Zo¿L-amb apJw _lp-km-l-k B]vXn- hn-`h ˛ hfsc kml-kwsNbvXp tSnb hn`hßfpp≈-h≥ iqtcm- ˛ iqc≥ Acn-l¥m ˛ i{Xp-°-sf- h[n°p∂-h≥ _eo ˛ _e-ap-≈-h≥ K¿hnjvtSm - ˛ Al-¶mcn {]Xo-X-Kp-W-hm≥ ˛ KpW-im-en tkm-]-Xn ˛ tkm-]-Xn Pn-Xzc ˛ Pbn-°p-∂-h≥. cpNItbmKw IpPss°m≠p≈ tbmKambXnm¬ IpPs‚ Imc IXzßfn¬ √Xmb KpWßfmWv Cu tbmKap≈h¿°p e`n°pI. IpPs‚ _ew tbmK^eßtfbpw _m[n°pw. AXmbXv, ]q¿Æ_e aps≠¶nemWv ChnsS ]dbp∂ ^e߃ In´pI. cmPmhnp cmPtbmKw hcptºmƒ In´p∂sXmcp cmPyamsW¶n¬, ap°php cmPytbmKw hcptºmƒ In´p∂sXmcp apgpØ a’yw am{Xambncn°pw Fs∂mcp sNm√p≠t√m. AXp{]Imcw kmlNcy߃°pw CXn¬ sNdnbX √mØ Hcp ]¶p≠v. kmμ¿`nIambn ]dbs´, cpN-I-tbm-K-ap-s≠-¶n¬ sNmΔm-tZm-j-an-√. ÿm_eap≈ IpP≥ ^eØn¬ ip`mIp∂Xp sIm≠mWv CXv. `-{Z-ItbmK^ew `{Z-I-tbm-K-tPm- ˛ `{Z--tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥- Bbp-jvam≥ ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈-h≥ Ip-im-{K-_p-≤n ˛ _p≤nam≥ - A-atem ˛ n¿Ω-e≥ hnZz-÷«mLntXm ˛ hnZzm-∑m¿ {]iwkn°p-∂-h≥ `qt]m ˛ cmPmhv AXn-hn-`-h- ˛ hfsc kz-Øp-≈-h≥ BÿmtImem-le -˛ cmPkZ pIfn¬ tImemlew (3) lwtk kZv`n-c-`n-jvSpXx £nXn-]-Xn-x iw-Jm_vPa’ym-¶pssi ›nss”x ]mZ-I-cm-¶n-Xx -ip-`-h-]p¿ar-jvSm-∂-`pKv[m¿ΩnIx ]pjvSmwtKm [rXn-am≥ [o kpX-h[q`mKym-zntXm h¿≤tm amfthy kpJ-`pIv kphm-l--bim hnZzm≥ {]k-t∂-{μn-bx.
  • 112. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 107 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN lwktbmK^ew lwtk - ˛ lwk-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kZv`n-x A-`n-jvSpXx ˛ kØp-°-fm¬ kvXpXn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ £nXn-]-Xn- ˛ cmPmhv iw-J A_vP a’y A¶pssi Nnss”x ˛ iwJv, Xmac, a’yw, A¶piw (B-tØm´n) XpS-ßnb kmap{ZnINn”-߃ ]mZ- I-c A-¶n-X- ˛ ssIImepIfn¬ AS-bm-f-ambn´p-≈h≥ ip-`-h-]p ˛ kpμc≥ ar-jvSm-∂-`pIv ˛ `-£WkpJap≈h≥ [m¿ΩnI ˛ [¿ΩnjvT≥.- amf-hy-tbm-K-^ew amfthym ˛ amf-h-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ]pjvSmwtKm ˛ ]pjvSn-bp≈ icoctØmSp IqSnbh≥ [rXn-am≥ ˛ _p≤nam≥, assÿcyap≈h≥ [o ˛ [-hm≥ kpX h[q `mKym-zntXm ˛ a°ƒ, `mcy, `mKyw Ch-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ h¿≤tm ˛ ta¬§Xn-bp-≈-h≥ kpJ-`pIv ˛ kpJßfp`hn°p∂h≥ kphm-l-- ˛ √ hmlw bi ˛ bikzn hnZzm≥ ˛ ]WvUn-X≥ {]k-t∂-{μn-bx ˛ {]k-∂-amb C{μn-b-ß-tfm-Sp Iq-Sn-b-h≥. (4) ikvXx -k¿hPss-x kp-`rXy _e-hm≥ {Kmam-[nt]m hm rt]m Zp¿hr-Ø-x ii-tbm-KtPm f y-h-nXm hnØm-znXx kuJy-hm≥ et·-tμzm-c]n tbmK-]-©-I-anZw km{am-Py-kn-≤n-{]Zw tXtjz-Im-Znjp `mKy-hm≥ r]-ktam cmPm rt]-{μm- f [n-Ix. ii-tbm-K^ew ii-tbm-KP ˛ ii-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ -k¿hPss ikvX ˛ k¿h-P--ß-fmepw {]iw-kn-°-s∏-Sp∂h≥ - kp-`rXy ˛ √ `rXycp≈-h≥ _e-hm≥ ˛ i‡n-am≥ {Kmam-[nt]m hm rt]m ˛ {Kmam-[n-]≥ As√-¶n¬ cmPmhv Zp¿hr-Ø- ˛ Zpjv{]-hr-Øn-Iƒ sNøp-∂-h≥ Ay-h-nXm hnØm-znXx ˛ ]ckv{Xo, ]c[w Ch-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ kuJy-hm≥ ˛ kpJtØmSpIqSnbh≥.
  • 113. ^eZo]nI 108 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly e·mepw N{μmepw et·-tμm-c]n tbmK-]-©-I-anZw km{am-Py-kn-≤n-{]Zw ˛ e·mtem N{μmtem Cu A©p tbmK-ßfpw D≈hv km{am-Pyw-Xs∂ e`n-°pw.- (N{Ih¿ØnbmIpw.) 1. Hcp tbmKwam{Xap-≈-h≥ ˛ `mKy-hm≥ 2. c≠p tbmK-ß-fp-≈-h≥ ˛ r]-ka (cmPm-hnp Xpey≥) 3. aq∂p tbmK-߃ Ds≠-¶n¬ ˛ cmPm (cmPmhv) 4. mep tbmK-߃ ˛ rt]-{μm-f[n-I (cmP-{]-ap-J≥) ChnsS Hcp Imcyw- hy‡-am-°m-p-≠v. Cu tbmK-߃ t]cp kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse almtbmK-߃X-s∂-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ {Kl-ß-fpsS Imc-I-Xz-a-p-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃am{X- amWv ChnsS ]d™n-´p-≈-Xv. `mhm-[n-]Xyw, Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ, an-{Xp--i{Xp_‘-߃, {Kl- _ew XpS-ßn-b Hcp-]mSp Imcy-߃ Ap-k-cn-®v, AXmXp {Kl-ß-ƒ°p kzm[ow hcp∂ ka-b-Øm-bn-cn°pw, ^ew Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-I. Nnet∏mƒ Nne¿°v Nne {KlßfpsS Zi AhcpsS Bbp ns‚ ]cn[nbn¬ hcns√∂pw hcmw. XZzmcm B tbmKØns‚ ^eßfpw Ap`hØn¬ hcmsX t]mIpw. AXmbXv, tbmK^e߃ ]dbptºmƒ _‘s∏´ {KlØns‚ ^eZmtijnbpw ^ew Ap`hs∏Smhp∂ kabhpw IqSn ]cnKWn t°≠Xp≠v. F∂m¬ KPtIkcn, tIa{Zpa XpSßnb Nne tbmK߃ PmXIßsf s]mXphmbn _m[n°p∂Xmbpw ImWp∂p. N{μm-ep≈ -tbm-K-߃ (5) hnt[mkvXp kp-`m-`m[pcp-[pcmx kzcn-xt^m-`-b˛ kvYnssX¿hnc-hn-`n¿{K-ssl-cn-X-c-YmXp tIa-{Zpax lna-Xznjn NXp-jvStb {Kl-bp-tX f Y tIa-{Zptam loXn IYn-tXm- f Yhm lna-I-cmZv{Ksslx tI{μ-ssKx. kp-`, A-`, [pcp-[pc, tIa-{Zp-a, tIa-{Zp-am-tbm-K`wKw. hnt[mkvXp kp-` A-`m [pcp[pcm... kqcysmgn®p≈h ˛˛ Xmcm{Kl-߃ (Ip, _p, Kp, ip, a) 1. kz ˛ N{μs‚ c-≠n¬ n∂m¬ kp-`mtbmKw, 2. cn-x^ ˛ ]{¥-≠n¬ n∂m¬ A-`m-tbmKw, 3. D`b ˛ c≠nepw ]{¥-≠nepw n∂m¬ [pcp-[p-cm- tbmKw
  • 114. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 109 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN Cu `mhßfnse (2, 12, 2˛12) {KlkvYnXn Apkcn®v Cu tbmK߃ ]e XcØn¬ hcp∂p. AXmbXv, kp`m, A`mtbmK߃ 31 hoXw. [pcp[pcm 180. (tlmcmimkv{Xw : 13˛4) 4. hnc-hn-`n¿{K-ssl-cn-X-c-YmXp tIa{Zpa ˛ N{μs‚ ]{¥-≠ntem c≠ntem Xmcm{Kl߃- Bcpans√¶n¬ tIa-{Zp-am-tbm-Kw. 5. lna-Xznjn NXp-jvStb {Kl-bp-tXY tIa-{Zptam ln CXn ˛ N{μ≥ e·m¬ tI{μ-Øn¬ G-sX-¶nepw Xmcm{KlØn‚- IqsS n∂m¬ tIa- {Zp-am-tbm-Kw ^en°n√. 6. IYn-tXmYhm lna-I-cmZv {Ksslx tI{μ-ssKx ˛ N{μs‚ tI{μ-Øn¬ GsX-¶nepw Xmcm-{K-l-w n∂mepw tIa-{Zp-am-tbm-K `wKamIpw. tbmK-`wKw sh´n-smcp XSth BIp-∂p-≈q. sh´v C√m-Xm-Ip-∂n-√ F∂mWv Ap`hw. tIa-{Zp-a-tbm-K-°m¿, `wKaps≠¶nepw, Pohn-X-Øn¬ Imepd∏nbv°m≥ ka-b-sa-Sp-°pw. AXp-t]me hnhm-lhpw A¬∏w sshIp∂-Xm-bmWv ImWp-∂-Xv. (6) kzb-a-[n-K-X-hnØx ]m¿∞n-h-kvX-’tam hm `hXn ln kp-`bmw [o[--Jym-Xn-amw› {]`p-c-K-Z-ico-c-x io-e-hm≥ JymX-Io¿Øn¿˛ hnj-b-kp-J-kp-thtjm n¿hr-Xo›m--`m-bmw. (tlmcmimkv{Xw 13˛5) kp-`m-tbm-K-^ew kp-`mbmw ˛ kp-`m-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kzb-a-[n-K-X-hnØ ˛ kzbw kºmZn® [tØmSpIq-Sn-h≥ ]m¿∞n-h hm X’tam ˛ cmPmhv As√-¶n¬ AXnp Xpey≥ [o [ ˛ _p≤n, [w JymXamw› ˛ {]i-kvX≥. A-`m-tbm-K-^ew A--`m-bmw ˛ A-`m-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ {]`p- ˛ {]`p AK-Z-ico-c- ˛ tcmKan-√mØ icocw
  • 115. ^eZo]nI 110 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly io-e-hm≥ ˛ k’z`mhn JymX-Io¿Øn ˛ {]i-kvX≥ hnj-b-kp-J ˛ kpJ-t`m-K-߃ Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h≥ - kp-thtjm ˛ √ thjw [cn-°p-∂-h≥ n¿hr-Xx ˛ k¥pjvS≥ (7) DXv]-∂-t`m-K-kp-J-`mKv[--hm-l-m-Vy˛ kvXymKm-zntXm [pcp-[pcm{]-`-h-x k`rXyx tIa-{Zpta aen--Zpx-Jn-X-o-N-n-kzx t{]jyx Je› r]-tX-c]n hwi-Pm-Xx. (tlmcmimkv{Xw 13˛6) (1) ]mTt`Zw : DXv]-∂-tbm-K-kp-J-`p-K..v [pcp-[p-cmtbm-K-^ew [pcp-[p-c-{]-`-h- ˛ [pcp-[p-cmtbmK-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ DXv]-∂-t`m-K- kp-J-`mIv ˛ Bin® kpJt`mK߃ e`n°p∂h≥ [--hm-l-m-Vy ˛ [hpw hml-hpw D≈-h≥ XymKm-zntXm ˛ XymK-io-e≥ k-`rXy ˛ (tkhn°m≥) `rXy-cp-≈-h≥. N{μ-ss°m-≠p≈ kp--`m, A`m, [pcp-[pcmtbmK-߃ t]mse-Ø-s∂, kqcy- s-s°m-≠p≈ thkn, hmkn, D`-bN-co tbmK-߃, e·-sØ-s°m-≠p≈ I¿Ø-co-tbm-K- ߃ F∂-nh-bpsS ^ew ]d-bp-tºmƒ ]{¥-≠nepw c≠nepw n¬°p∂ {Kl-ß-fpsS kz`m-hhpw _e-hpw-IqSn ]cnKWn°Ww. tIa-{Zp-amtbmK-^ew tIa-{Zpta ˛ tIa-{Zp-am-tbm-K-ap≈h≥ r]-tX-c]n hwi-Pm-X ˛ cmP-hw-i-Øn¬ Pn-®-h-m-bmepw aen- ˛ hrØn-sI-´-h≥ -Zpx-Jn-X ˛ Zpx-Jn-X≥ - o-N ˛ oN≥ - n-kz ˛ Zcn-{Z≥ t{]jy ˛ Zmk≥ Je ˛ ZpjvS≥.
  • 116. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 111 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN kqcy-s- B{i-bn®p≈ tbmK-߃ (8) lntXzμpw ip`thknhmkyp`bN˛ cymJymkzcn-t^m-`b˛ ÿm-ssÿ-x- khn-Xpx- ipss`x kypc-ip-ss`˛ kvtX ]m]-kw⁄mx kvarXmx kXv]m¿tiz ip`I¿XcoXyp`bt` ]mss]kvXp ]m]mlztbm e·mZznØKssXx ipss`kvXp kpipt`m tbmtKm ]mt]£nssXx. ip`th-kn, -ip`hm-kn,- D`bNcotbmK߃ Aip`th-kn, -Aip`hm-kn, Aip`D`bNcotbmK߃ lntXzμpw ˛ N{μ-sm-gn®p≈ ipss` ˛ ip`--∑m¿ (_p,Kp,ip) k-hn-Xp ˛ kqcys‚ kz cn-x^ D`b ÿm-ssÿ- ˛ (1) c≠v, (2) ]{¥≠v, (3) c≠pw ]{¥≠pw ÿmßfn¬ n∂m¬ ip`-th-kn-hm-kyp-`bN-cymJymx ˛ ip`-th-kn, -ip`hm-kn, ipt`m`bNco, F∂nßs aq∂pXcw tbmK-ßfmIp∂p. A-ip-ss` tX ]m]-kw⁄mx kvarXmx ˛ Cßs n¬°p-∂Xv ip`∑m¿°p ]Icw Aip-`-∑mcm-sW-¶n¬ ]m]-thkn, ]m]-hm-kn-,, ]mt]m`-b-Nco F∂pw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. e·mep≈ tbmK߃ ip`I¿ØcotbmKw, ]m]I¿ØcotbmKw kXv]m¿tiz ip`I¿XcoXyp`bt` ˛ e·Øns‚ c≠nepw ]{¥≠nepambn ip`{Kl߃ n∂m¬ ip`I¿XcotbmKw ]mss]kvXp ]m]mlztbm ˛ ]m]cmsW¶n¬ ]m]I¿XcotbmKw
  • 117. ^eZo]nI 112 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly kpip`mtbmKw e·mZznØKssXx ipss`kvXp kpipt`m ˛ e·Øns‚ c≠n¬ ip`{Kl߃ n∂m¬ kpip`mtbmKw tbmtKm ]mt]£nssXx. ˛ ]m]ZrjvSnbps≠¶n¬ kpip`mtbmKan√. Cn hnhcn°m≥ t]mIp∂ mep t«mI߃ ( 9˛12 t«mI߃) sIm√w ]Xn∏nen√. (9) PmXx kymXv kp`Kx kpJo KpW-n-[n¿[otcm rt]m [m¿antIm hnJymXx kI-e-{]ntbm f Xnkp-`tKm ZmXm alo-i-{]nbx Nm¿hMvKx {]nb-hmIv {]]-©-c-kntIm hm‹o bikzo [o hnZymZ{X kpth-kn-hm-kyp-`-b-N-cym-tJyjp ]mZ-{I-am-Xv. ip`-th-kn-tbm-K^ew ip`-th-kn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kp`Kx kpJo ˛ kpμc≥, kpJw Ap`hn°p∂h≥ KpW-n-[n ˛ kZvKp-W-ß-fp-≈-h≥ [otcm ˛ ss[cy-imen rt]m ˛ cmPmhv [m¿antIm ˛ [m¿Ωn-I≥. (kp`K ˛ kuμcyap≈, sFizcyap≈, `mKyap≈) ip`-h-mkn-tbm-K^ew ip`-h-mkn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ hnJymXx ˛ {]i-kvX≥ kI-e-{]ntbm ˛ F√m-h¿°pw {]nb-s∏-´h≥ AXnkp-`tKm ˛ hfsc kpμ-c≥ ZmXm ˛ Zmioe≥ alo-i-{]nbx ˛ cmPm-hnp {]nb-s∏-´-h≥. ipt`m`-b-Nco-tbm-K^ew ip`- D`b-Nco-tbm-K-Øn¬Pn-®-h≥ Nm¿hMvKx ˛ kpμ-c-amb icocw {]nb-hmIv ˛ CjvS∏Sp∂ kwkmcw {]]-©-c-kntIm ˛ temIkpJw BkzZn°p∂h≥ hm‹o ˛ hmIvkm-a¿∞y-ap-≈-h≥ bikzo ˛ {]i-kvX≥ [o ˛ [-hm≥
  • 118. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 113 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (10) Aym-bm÷-n-μtIm lX-cp-Nn¿lo--{]ntbm Zp¿Ptm ambmho ]c-n-μI Je-bptXm Zp¿hrØimkv{Xm-[n-Ix temtI- kym-Z-]-Io¿Øn ZpxJn-X-am hnZym¿Y`mssKy›yptXm PmX-›m-ip-`-th-kn-hm-kyp-`-b-N-cym-tJyjp ]mZ-{I-am-Xv. Aip-`-th-kn-tbm-K-^ew Aip`-thkn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ Aym-bmXvP-n-μtIm ˛ shdpsX a‰p-≈-hsc nμn-°p-∂-h≥ lX-cp-Nn ˛ kuμ-cy-an-√m-Ø-h≥ (CjvS߃km[n°Øh≥ F∂pw ImWp∂p.) lo- -{]ntbm ˛ lo-∑msc, lo-∑m¿°p {]nbw- Zp¿Ptm ˛ Zp¿÷w, NoØh≥ Aip`-h-mkn-tbm-K^ew Aip`-h-mkn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ambmho ˛ amb°mc≥, NXnb≥ ]c-n-μI ˛ a‰p-≈-hsc nμn-°p-∂-h≥ Je-ctXm ˛ ZpjvS-∑m-cp-ambn kl-h-kn-°p-∂-h≥ Zp¿hrØ ˛ NoØ -{]-h¿Øn-Iƒ sNøp-∂-h≥ imkv{Xm-[n-Ix ˛ imkv{X-ßsf Zpcp-]-tbmKw sNøp-∂-h≥ Aip` D`-b-Nco tbmK^ew temtI- kym-Zv A-]-Io¿Øn ˛ Pa≤yØn¬ Zpjv-t∏cv ZpxJn-X-am ˛ ZpJn°p∂ a-t mSpIqSn-b-h≥ hnZy A¿Y- `m-ssKy NyptXm ˛ ]Tn∏,v [w, `mKyw Ch C√m-Ø-h≥. (11) ssPhm-XrtIm hn`btcmKcn]px kpJo kym˛ ZmVyx {inbm N ip`-I¿Ø-cn-tbm-K-PmXx ntkzm f ip-Nn¿hn-kp-J-Zm-c-kp-tXm-f wK-lox kymXv ]m]-I¿Ø-cn-`-thm- f Nn-c-am-bp-tc-Xn. ip`-I¿Ø-co-tbm-K-^ew ssPhm-XrtIm ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp v hn`-b-tcm-K-cn]px ˛ `bw, tcmKw, i{Xp Ch C√m-Ø-h≥ kpJo kymXv ˛ kpJw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h≥ BVyx ˛ B`n-Pm-Xy-ap-≈-h≥ {inbm ˛ t{ib- p-≈-h≥.
  • 119. ^eZo]nI 114 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]m]I¿Ø-cn-tbm-K-^ew ntkzm- ˛ Zcn-{Z≥ Aip-Nn ˛ hrØn-sI-´-h≥ hn-kp-J-Zm-c-kp-tXm ˛ kpJw, `mcy, a°ƒ Ch C√m-Ø-h≥ A-MvK-lox ˛ AwK-lo-≥ ANn-c-am-bp-tc-Xn. ˛ Aev]m-bp- v. (12) BNmchm≥ [¿aaXnx {]k∂x ku`mKyhm≥ ]m¿Ynhamobx arZpkz`mhx kvanX`mjW› [o `th®maetbmKPmXx kpip`mtbmK^ew Aae tbmKPmXx ˛ kpip`mtbmKØn¬ Pn®h≥ BNmchm≥ ˛ BNmc߃ ]men°p∂h≥ [¿aaXnx ˛ [m¿ΩnI≥ {]k∂x ˛ {]k∂≥ ku`mKyhm≥ ˛ `mKyhm≥ ]m¿Ynhamobx ˛ cmPmhnm¬ BZcn°s∏Sp∂hpw arZpkz`mhx ˛ arZpkz`mhtØmSpIqSnbhpw kvanX`mjW› ˛ ]p©ncntbmsS kwkmcn°p∂hpw [o ˛ [nI≥. (13) kpipt` ip`-I¿Øcymw thkymZu kp-`m-Zn-hXv ipss`x {Iam-Xv^ew t⁄bw hn]-co-X-a-k-Zv{K-sslx. ipss`x ˛ ip`{Klßfmep≈ kpipt` ˛ kpip`mtbmK-Ønpw ip`-I¿Øcymw ˛ ip`-I¿Øcntbm-K-Ønpw thkymZu ˛ thknXpSßnbhbv°pw kp-`m-Zn-hXv ˛ kp`m XpS-ßnb --tbm-K-ß-fpsS {Iam-Xv ^ew t⁄bw ˛ {Ia-ØnemWv (ip`)^ew- F-∂-dn-bpI. Ak-Zv{K-sslx hn]-co-Xw- ˛ ip`∑-m¿{°p]Icw tbmKap≠m°p∂Xp ]m]cmsW¶n¬ Aip`^-e-am-Ip∂p.
  • 120. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 115 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN sIm√w]Xn∏n¬ lntXzμpw.. F∂ F´masØ t«mIØnp tijw HºXmaØXmbn hcp∂Xv kpipt` ip`I¿Øcymw.. F∂ t«mIamWv. AXmbXv 10 apX¬ 17 hscbp≈ tbmKßfpsS ^ew Cu kpipt` ip`-I¿Øcymw.... F∂ H‰ t«mIØn¬ HXp°nbn cn°p∂p. F∂m¬, mw ]n¥pScp∂ Zn√n]Xn∏pIfn¬ (9) PmXx kymXv, (10) Aymbm÷nμtIm (11) ssPhmXrtIm (12) BNmcyhm≥ F∂o mep t«mIßfn¬ Cu tbmKßfpsS ^ew hnhcn®XnptijamWv kpipt` ip`-I¿Øcymw hcp∂Xv. CXn¬ 12˛asØ t«mIamb BNmchm≥.. F∂Xv AaemtbmK^eamWv F∂pw AXn¬ ]dbp∂p≠v. AaemtbmKw ]dbmsX AaemtbmK ^ew ]dbp∂Xn¬ D≈ Akzm`mhnIX as‰mcp kXyØnte bv°mWv hnc¬ Nq≠p∂Xv.v hmkXhØn¬ AXv kpip`mtbmK ^ewXs∂bmWv. ImcWw, c≠mw`mhØnp {]k‡amb ip`^eßfmWv B t«mIØn¬ ]dbp∂Xv. sNdph≈nbpsS hymJymØnepw Cu mep t«mI߃ D≠v. Bdmw A≤ymb Øn¬, Cu ImcW߃sIm≠v, sIm√w ]Xn∏n¬ 66 t«mIap≈ t∏mƒ a‰p ]Xn∏pIfn¬ 70 t«mIap≠v. (14) HmtPjz¿t°-μp-e-·m-y-Pn Znhn ]pamw˛ t›∑-lm-`m-Ky-tbmKx kv{XoWmw XZvhyXytb kym—-inn kpc-Kptcmx tI{μtK tIk-co-Xn. Pohm-¥ym-jvSm-cn-kwtÿ iinn Xp iISw tI{μtK mkvXn e·m˛ ®t{μ tI{μm-Zn--tK -f ¿-°m-Z-[-a-k-a-h-cn˛ jvTm-Jy-tbmKmx {]-kn≤mx. a-lm-`m-Ky-tbmKw A¿° C-μp- HmtPjp e-·m-n Znhn APn ˛ kqcypw N{μpw HmP-cm-in-bn¬ n¬°ptºmƒ HmP-e-·-Øn¬ ]I¬ Pn-°pIbpw ]pam≥ tNXv ˛ ]pcp-j-Pamhp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ a-lm-`m-Ky-tbmKx ˛ a-lm-`m-Ky-tbmKamIp-∂p. kv{XoWmw XXv hyXytb kymXv ˛ kv{XoIƒ°v alm-`m-Ky-tbm-K-Ønv CXnp hn]-co-Xw BIp-∂p. AXmbXv, kq-cy-N-{μ-∑m¿ bp‹-cm-in-bn¬ n¬°p-tºmƒ bp‹-e-·-Øn¬ cm{Xn-bn¬ Pn-°p∂ kv{Xobpw alm-`mKytbmK-ap-≈-h-fm-bn-cn-°pw.
  • 121. ^eZo]nI 116 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly tIkcotbmKw iinn kpcKptcmx tI{μtK tIkcoXn ˛ hymgØns‚ tI{μØn¬ (1˛4˛7˛10) N{≥ n∂m¬ tIkcotbmKw iIStbmKw. Pohm-¥ym-jvSm-cn-kwtÿ iinn Xp iISw ˛ hymgØns‚ A¥yw (12), AjvSw (8), Acn (6) F∂o ÿmßfn¬ N{μ≥ n∂m¬ iIStbmKw. tI{μtK mkvXn e·m®t{μ ˛ (e·) tI{μØnemWp N{μs¶n¬ iIStbmKan√. A[a ka hcnjvT tbmK-߃ Nt{μA¿-°m-Xv tI{μm-Zn--tK- {]-kn≤mx ˛ N{μ≥ kqcy-n¬ n∂v tI{μw apX-em-b- h-bn¬ n∂m¬ {]kn-≤-ß-fmb A[-a k-a- h-cnjvT ˛ A[aw (tI{μw 1˛4-˛7-˛10) - ˛ k-aw -(]-W-]cw 2˛5-˛8-˛11) ˛ h-cnjvTw (B-t]m-¢naw 3˛6-˛9-˛12) B-Jy- tbmKmx ˛ F∂n-ßs t]cmb tbmK-߃ BIp-∂p. (15) alm-`mtKy PmXx- k-I-e--b-m--μ-P-tIm hZmtym hnJymXx £nXn-]-Xn-c-io-Xym-bp-c-aex h[qmw tbmtK f kvan≥ kXn- [--kp-amwK-ey-k-lnXm Nncw ]pss{Xx ]uss{Xx ip`-ap-]-KXm km kpN-cn-Xm. alm-`mKytbmK-^ew alm-`mtKyPmXx ˛ alm-`mKytbmK-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ - kI-e--b- B--μP-tIm ˛ F√m-h-cp-sSbpw IÆp-Iƒ°v - Bμw D≠m-°p-∂-h≥ hZmtym ˛ Zm-io-e≥ hnJymXx ˛ {]kn-≤≥ £nXn-]-Xn ˛ cmPmhv- A-io-Xym-bp ˛ 80 hb- p-hsc Bbp- p-≈h≥ -Aaex ˛ n¿Ω-e≥. kv{XoI-fpsS alm-`mKy-tbm-K-w h[qmwtbmtKAkvan≥ ˛ kv{XoI-fpsS alm-`mKy-tbm-K-Øn¬ km ˛ Ahƒ
  • 122. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 117 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN kXn- ˛ ]Xn-{hX kpN-cn-Xm ˛ k¬kz-`m-h-ap-≈-hƒ [- kp-awK-ey k-lnXm ˛ [w-,awKeyw F∂n-h-bp-≈-hƒ Nncw ]pss{Xx ]uss{Xx ip`-ap-]-KXm ˛ Ahƒ Gsd-°mew ]p{X]u-{X-tcmsS ip`--ambn Pohn°pw. (16) tIkcoh cn]p-h¿K-n-l¥m {]uV-hmIv kZkn cmPnXhrØnx Zo¿L-Po-hy-Xn-bimx ]Sp-_p-≤n˛ kvtXPkm PbXn tIk-cn-tbm-tK. tIkcotbm-K-^ew tIk-cn-tbm-tK ˛ tIk-cotbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ tIkcn Ch cn]p-h¿K n-l¥m ˛ knwl-sØ-t∏mse i{Xp-h¿§sØ sIms∂m-Sp-°p-∂-hpw kZkn {]uV-hmIv ˛ kZ- n¬ hmIvKmw-`ocytØmSpIqSnbhpw cmPnX hrØnx ˛ {]hrØnbn¬ tim`n°p∂hpw Zo¿L-Po-hn ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp v AXn-bimx ˛ hfsc {]kn-≤n ]Sp-_p-≤n ˛ Iq¿Ω_p≤n- tXPkm ˛ hy‡n-{]-`mhw Cu KpW-ß-tfmSpIqSnbhmbn PbXn ˛ Pbn-°p-∂p. (Zo¿L-Imew Pohn-°p∂p.) (17) IzNnXv IzNnXv `mKy-]-cn-Nyp-X- ≥ ]px ]px k¿h-ap-ss]Xn `mKyw temtI f-{]-knt≤m f]cn-lm-cy-a-¥˛ »eyw {]]∂x iI-tSfXnZpxJo. iI-S-tbm-K^ew iI-tS ˛ iI-S-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-hv IzNnXv IzNnXv `mKy ]-cn-Nyp-X-x k≥ ˛ ]ns∂bpw ]ns∂-bpw `mKyw jvS-ambpw ]px ]px k¿h-w Dss]Xn `mKyw˛ ho≠pw ho≠pw F√m `mKyhpw h∂p-sIm≠pw Ccn-°pw. temtI A-{]-knt≤m ˛ temIØn¬ A-{]-kn-≤pw A]cn-lm-cw A-¥»eyw {]]∂x ˛ ]cn-lm-c-an-√mØ a-t¢iw A-p-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw AXnZpxJo ˛ hfsc ZpJn-Xpw Bbn-cn-°pw.
  • 123. ^eZo]nI 118 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly h≠n-®-{I-Øn¬ Hcp AS-bm-f-an´m¬ h≠n HmSp-tºmƒ Cu AS-bmfw Bh¿Øn ®mh¿Øn®p s]mßnbpw XmWpancn-°p∂Xp-t]mse I-jvS-Im-ehpw √-Im-ehpw amdn -amdn h∂pw t]mbpw Ccn-°pw F∂mWp kqN. F∂m¬ sIm√w ]Xn∏n¬˛˛ IzNnXv IzNnXv `mKy]cnNypX ≥ ]px ]p ¿hapss]Xn `mKw temI{]knt≤m ]cnlmca¥˛ »eyw {]k∂x iItSXnZpxJ. F∂p aqehpw, “iIStbmKØn¬ Pn®hs‚ `mKyw Iptd» Iptd»bmbn Ipd™p apgph≥ XocpIbpw ]n∂oSp Iptd» Iptd»bmbn h¿≤n®p ]q¿ÆamhpIbpw sNøpw. Ah≥ temI{]kn≤mbpw XSp°Ø°X√mØ a»eytØmSpIqSnbhpw G‰hpw ZpxJnXmbpw Ccn°pw ” F∂v A¿∞hpw sImSpØncn°p∂p. sNdph≈nbpw CtXmSp tbmPn°p∂p. A{]kn≤n {]kn≤nbpw {]]∂w {]k∂hpambt∏mƒ h∂am‰w ChnsS ]ckv]chncp≤amb hymJym߃°pXs∂ ImcWambn. CØcw kμ¿`ßfn¬ bp‡n D]tbmKn°pItb nhrØnbp≈p. s]mXpsh CsXmcp Zp¿`mKytbm‹mbXnm¬ temtI {]kn≤ntb°mƒ, temtI A{]kn≤nbmWv tNcpIsb∂p tXm∂p∂p. (18) IjvS-a-≤y-a-h-cm-lz-b-tbmtK {Zhy-hm-l--b-i- p-J-kºXv ⁄m[o-hn--b-ss-]p-W-hn-Zym˛ XymKt`m-K-P-^-em-y]n XZz-Xv. A[akahcn-jvT-tbm-K-^e-߃ IjvS- a-≤y-a h-cm-lz-btbmtK ˛ A[a ka hcnjvT tbmK-ßfn¬ Pn®m¬ {Zhy- hm-l-- b-ix- ˛ ]Ww, hmlw, bi v kp-J kw-]Xv ⁄m ˛ kpJw-, kºØv, ⁄mw [o- hn--b ss-]p-W- hn-Zym XymK˛ _p≤n, hnbw, kma-¿∞yw, ]Tn∏v, XymKw t`m-K-P- ˛ kpJ-t`mK߃ - ^em-n A]n ˛ Ch ^e-amIp-∂p. h-cn-jvT-tbm-K-Øn¬ KpW^ew. a≤y-a-tbm-K-Øn¬ a≤y-a^ew. A[-a-tbm-K-Øn¬ KpW^ew- Xosc ImWn√. ˛˛CXmWv ^emp`hØns‚ {Iaw.
  • 124. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 119 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (19) N{μmZzm hkp-amw XtZm-]-N-b-ssK¿˛ e·m’akvssX-»pss`x N{μm-Zvthymavy-a-em-lz-b-»p-`-JssK¿ tbmtKm hne-·m-Z]n Pt∑ti klntX hne-·-]-Xnm tIt{μ f [n-an-{X¿£tK e·w ]iyXn I›n-Z{X _e-hm≥ tbmtKm `thXv ]pjvIex. hkp-a-Xv tbmKw N{μmXv hme·mXv ˛ N{μ-n¬n∂v As√-¶n¬ e·Øn¬n∂v D-]-Nb-ssKx ˛ D]-N-b-ÿm--ß-fn¬ (3-˛6-˛10-˛11) kakvssXx -ipss`x hkp-am≥ ˛ F√m ip`-{K-l-ßfpw (Kp, ip, √ _p) n∂m¬ hkp-aXv tbmKw Aa-e-tbmKw N{μm-Xv hne-·m-Xv A]n ˛ N{μmtem e·mtem thymavn ip-`-JssKx ˛ ]Øn¬ ip`-{K-l-߃ n∂m¬ Aa-e Blz-b -tbmtKm ˛ Aa-em F∂p t]cmb tbmKw BIp-∂p. ]pjvI-e-tbmKw Pt∑ti klntX hne-·-]-Xnm ˛ N-{μ≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-bpsS mYs‚ IqsSe·m-[n-]≥ tIt{μ ˛ tI{μ-Øntem A[n-an-{X¿£tK ˛ AXnan{X-t£-{X-Øntem n¬°p-Ibpw I›n-Z{X _e-hm≥ ˛ GsX-¶nepw Hcp _e-ap≈ {Klw e·w ]iyXn ˛ e·sØ tm°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p-sh-¶n¬ ]pjvIe tbmtKm `thXv ˛ ]pjvI-e-tbmKw D≠m-Ip-∂p. (20) XnjvtTbpx kzKrtl kZm hkp-aXn {ZhymWy-¬]m-y]n £vtaix kymZ-ate [o kpX-b-i- w-]-ZyptXm oXn-am≥ {ioam≥ ]pjvI-e-tbm-KtPm r]-hsscx kΩm-ntXm hn{ipXx kzmI¬]mw-_-c-`q-jnXx ip`-hNx k¿thm-Øax kymXv {]`px. hkp-atZymK-^ew hkp-aXn ˛ hkp-aXv tbmK-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kZm kzKrtl ˛ F√m-bvt∏mgpw Xs‚ Krl-Øn¬Øs∂ A¬]m-≥ A]n {Zhym-Wn XnjvtTbpx˛ A[n-I-amb {ZhyßtfmsS Ignbp∂p.
  • 125. ^eZo]nI 120 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Aa-em-tbm-K-^ew A-ate ˛ Aa-em-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ £vtaix ˛ cmPmhv [o ˛ [-hm≥ kpX b-i- kºXv bptXm ˛ a°ƒ, bi v, kºØv Ch-tbm-SpIq-Snbh≥ oXn-am≥ ˛ oXn-am≥. ]pjvI-e-tbm-K^ew ]pjvI-e-tbm-KtPm ˛ ]pjvI-e-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ {ioam≥ ˛ {ioam≥ r]-hsscx kΩm-ntXm ˛ cmPm-°-∑m-cm¬ amn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ hn{ipXx ˛ {]kn-≤≥ kzmI¬]mw-_-c-`q-jnXx ˛ √ hkv{X-ßfpw B`-c-W-ßfpw [cn-°p-∂-h≥. ip`-hNmx ˛ ip`-hm°v ]d-bp-∂-h≥ k¿thm-Øax ˛ k¿thm-Ø-a≥ {]`px ˛ {]`p. (21) k¿th ]©kp jSvkp k]vXkp ip`-amem› ]Mv‡ym ÿnXm btZyhw arXnjUvhy-bm-Znjp Krtl-jz-{Xm-ip-`mJym kvarXm kz¿t£mt® bZn tImW-I-≠-I-bpXu `mtKy-i-ip-{Im-hp`u e£vaymtJym f Y XYm-hnt[ lna-Itc KucoXn Poth£ntX. ip`-am-em-tbmKw k¿th ˛ F√m {Kl-ßfpw ]©kp jSvkp k]vXkp ˛ A©v, Bdv,Ggv Cuÿm-ßfn¬ ]Mv‡ym ÿnXm ˛ ]w‡n-bmbn (ncbmbn) n∂m¬ ip`-ame ˛ ip`-am-em-tbmKw. Aip`-am-em-tbmKw. bZn Ghw ˛ CXp-t]mse F√m {Kl-ßfpw arXn jUv hy-b BZnjp Krtl-jp ˛ acWw (8), Bdv (6), hybw (12) F∂o `mh-ß-fn¬ A-{X ÿnXm ˛ n∂m¬ Aip-` BJym kvarXm ˛ Aip-`-amem F∂p t]cmb tbmKw BIp∂p
  • 126. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 121 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN e£vao-tbmKw `mtKy-i ip-{Imhp`u ˛ HºXmw`mhm-[n-]pw- ip{Ipw- kz¿t£m - ˛ kzt£-{X-Øntem Dt® bZn ˛ D®-Øntem Bbn n¬°pIbpw tImW ˛ {AXp XntIm-W-Øntem - I-≠-I-bpXu ˛ tI{μ-Øntem BhpIbpw sNbvXm¬ e£vaymtJym ˛ e£vao-tbmKw. Kuco-tbmKw XYm-hnt[ lna-Itc KucoXn Poth-£n-tX˛ (1) N{μ≥ kzt£-{X-Øntem D®-Øntem n¬°pIbpw (2) B cmin tI{μtam {XntImWtam BhpIbpw (3) hymgw N{μs tm°pIbpw sNøp∂psh¶n¬ Kuco-tbmKw BIp-∂p. (22) Pm-[n-Imco £nXn-]m-e-ikvtXm t`mKo {]ZmXm ]c-Im-cy-I¿Øm _‘p{]nbx k¬kp-X-Zm-c-bpt‡m [ocx- kp-am-em-lz-b-tbm-K-Pm-Xx. ip`-am-em-tbm-K-^ew kp-am-em-lz-b tbm-K-Pm-Xx ˛ ip`-ame F∂p t]cmb- tbmK-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ Pm-[n-Imco ˛ Pm-[n-Imcn £nXn-]m-e-ikvtXm ˛ cmPm-°-∑m-cm¬ amn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ t`mKo ˛ kpJw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h≥ .{]ZmXm ˛ sImSp-°p-∂-h≥ (Zm--io-e≥) ]c-Im-cy-I¿Øm ˛ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Imcy-߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ _‘p{]nbx ˛ _‘p-°ƒ°p {]nb-s∏-´-h≥ kXv kp-X Zm-c-bpt‡m ˛ √ a°ƒ-, `mcy Ch-tcm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ [oc- ˛ [oc≥. (23) Ipam¿§-bp-t‡m- f ip-`-am-en-ImtJy ZpxJo ]tcjmw h[-IrXv IrXLvx kymXv ImXtcm `qkp-c-`-‡n-lotm temIm-`n-ikvtXm Ie-l-{]nbx kymXv.
  • 127. ^eZo]nI 122 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Aip-`-am-em-tbmKw A-ip-`-am-en-ImtJy ˛ A-ip-`-am-emtbmK-ج Pn-®-h≥ Ipam¿§-bp-t‡m ˛ Zp¿am¿§n ZpxJo ˛ ZpJn-°p-∂-h≥ ]tcjmw h[-IrXv ˛ a‰p-≈-hsc h[n-°p-∂-h≥ IrXLvx ˛ μn-sI-´-h≥ ImXtcm ˛ `ocp `qkp-c-`-‡n-lotm ˛ {_m“-W-`-‡n-bn-√m-Ø-h≥* temIm-`n-ikvtXm ˛ temI-cm¬ shdp-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ Ie-l-{]nbx ˛ hg-°mfn kymXv. ˛ BIp-∂p, *{_m“W≥ - = (1) {_“sØ Adnbp∂h≥ (2) jSvI¿Ω߃ sNøp∂h≥. (jSvI¿Ω߃ ˛ A≤ym]w, A≤ybw, bPw, bmPw, Zmw, ]Xn{Klw. (i_vZXmcmhen) (24) nXyw awK-f-io-ebm hn-Xbm {IoUXy-tcmKo [o tXPkzo kzP-m≥vkpc-£Xn alm-e£o{]km-Zm-ebx t{ijvTm-tμm-fn-Ibm {]bmXn Xpc-K-kvXw-t_-c-am-Zym-{intXm temIm--μ-Itcm alo-]-Xn-htcm ZmXm N e£o-`-hx. e£vao-tbm-K-^ew e£o-`-hx ˛ e£vao-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ nXyw awK-f-io-ebm hn-Xbm {IoUXn˛ nXyhpw kZvkz-`m-hn-bmb `m-cy-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn kt¥mjambn Ignbp-∂h≥. AtcmKo ˛ tcmKan√mØh≥ [o ˛ [n-I≥ tXPkzo ˛ tXPkzn kzP-mXv kpc-£Xn ˛ kzPsØ ImØp c£n°p∂p alm-e£vao {]km-Zm-ebx ˛ e-£vaotZhnbpsS {]km-Z-Ønv Ccn-∏nSw. t{ijvT B-tμm-fn-Ibm {]bmXn ˛ √ ]-√-°n¬ bm{X-sN-øp-∂p. Xpc-KkvXw-t_-c-aw BZn B-{intXm˛ IpXnc-, B XpSßnbh D≈-h≥. temIm--μ-Itcm ˛ temI-Ønv B-μ-Ønp ImcWambh≥ alo-]-Xn-htcm ˛ cmP-{]-ap-J≥ ZmXm N ˛ sImSp-°p-∂-hpw (Zm--im-en).
  • 128. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 123 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (25) kpμ-c-Km{Xx «mLn-X-tKm{Xx ]m¿∞nhan{Xx kZvKp-W-]p{Xx ]¶-P-t{Xx kwkvXp-X-ssPt{Xm cmPXn Kuco-tbm-K-k-ap-∞x. Kuco-tbm-K^ew Kuco-tbm-K-k-ap-∞x ˛ Kucn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kpμ-c-Km{Xx ˛ kpμ-c≥ «mLn-X-tKm{Xx ˛ ]pIƒs]‰ hwiw ]m¿∞nhan{X ˛ cmPm-hns‚ kplrØv kZvKp-W-]p{Xx ˛ kZvKp-Wßfp≈ a°-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ ]¶-P-t{Xx ˛ Xma-c-∏q-t]mse atmlcamb I-Æp-Iƒ kwkvXp-X-ssPt{Xm ˛ {]iw-k-o-b-amb Pb-tØmSp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ cmPXn ˛ hncmPn-°p-∂p. (26) ip{I-hm-Iv]Xn kp[m-I-cm-flssPx tI{μ-tIm-W-k-ln-ssX¿Zzn-Xo-bssKx tkzm®-an-{X-`-h-tjp hmIv]Xu (1) hocytK kXn kc-kz-Xo-cnXm. kc-kz-Xo-tbmKw. ip{Ihm-Iv]Xn kp[m-I-cm-flssPx ˛ ip{I≥, hymgw, _p-[≥ (F∂o ip-`-∑m¿) tI{μtIm-W-k-ln-ssXx Zzn-Xo-bssKx˛ tI{μ-w- (1-˛4-˛7-˛10), {XntIm-W-w (1,5,9), c≠mw `mhw Ch-bnsem∂n¬ n¬°p-Ibpw hmIv]Xu hocytK kXn ˛ hymgw _e-hm-mbn kzD®an-{X-`-h-tjp ˛ kzt£{Xw, D®-cmin, an{X-t£{Xw Ch-I- fn¬ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ kc-kz-Xo-cnXm ˛ kc-kz-Xo-tbmK-am-Ip-∂p. (1) A¿∞t`Zw: Cu t«mIØn¬ c≠masØ hmIv]Xnbv°v c≠mw `mhm[n]≥ F∂mWv sNdph≈n A¿∞w sImSpØn´p≈X.v hm°vv c≠mw`mhamWv. AXpsIm≠v c≠mw`mhm[n]Xn hmIv]XnXs∂. F∂m¬ {KlImcIXzØns‚ kμ¿`Øn¬ hcptºmƒ hm°ns‚ ]Xn hymgamWv.
  • 129. ^eZo]nI 124 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (27) [oam≥ mS-I-K-Zy-]-Zy-K-W-m-e-¶m-c-im-kvt{X-jzbw njvWmXx Ihn-Xm-{]-_-‘-c-Nt imkv{Xm¿∞-]m-cw-KXx Io¿Øym-{Im-¥-P-K-{X-tbm f Xn[ntIm Zmcm-fl-ssP-c-znXx kym’m-c-kz-X-tbm-KtPm r]-hsscx kw]q-PntXm `mKyhm≥. k-c-kz-Xo-tbm-K^ew km-c-kz-X-tbm-KtPm ˛ kc-kz-Xo-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ [oam≥ ˛ _p≤n-am≥ mS-I- K-Zy -]Zy KW Ae¶mc imkvt{Xjzbw njvWmX ˛ mS-Iw-, K-Zyw, ]Zyw, KWnXw, Ae¶mc imkv{Xw XpSßnbhbn-¬ njvWmX≥, ka¿∞≥ Ihn-Xm -{]-_-‘-c-Nt imkv{Xm¿∞-]m-cw-KXx ˛ IhnX, {]_‘cN, imkv{Xm¿∞w Chbn¬ ]mcwKX≥, hnZKvZ≥. Io¿Øym-{Im-¥ P-K-{X-tb ˛ aq∂p- tem-I-ßfpw Iog-S°nb Io¿Øn tbmSp- Iq-Sn-b-h≥* AXn[ntIm ˛ henb [n-I≥ Zmc Bfl-ssPx AznXx ˛ `mcy, a°ƒ Ch-tcm-Sp Iq-Sn-b-h≥ r]-hsscx kw]q-PytXm ˛ cmPm-°-∑m-cm¬ _lp-am-n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ `mKyhm≥ ˛ `mKyhm≥. ChnsS sNdph≈n “ apjy˛tZh˛]nXrlnXßfmb I¿Ω߃ sNøpIbm¬ B aq∂p temIØpw {]kn≤nbp≈hpw ” F∂p hniZambn sImSpØncn°p∂p. 28) e·m-[o-iz-c-`m-kvI-cm-ar-X-Icmx tI{μ-{Xn-tIm-Wm-{inXmx tkz®-kz¿£-kp-lr-ZvKr-lm-p-]-KXmx {ioI-WvT-tbmtKm `thXv XZzXv `m¿§h`mKy-mYiinPmx {iom-Y-tbm-K-kvXYm hmKo-im-fl-]-kq-cyPm bZn XZm -ssh-cn©ntbmK-kvX-Ym. {ioIWvTtbmKw e·m-Zo-iz-c-`m-kvI-c Aar-X-Icx ˛ e·m-[n-]pw kqcypw N{μpw tI{μ {Xn-tIm-W ˛ tI{μØntem (1-˛4-˛7-˛10), {XntImWØntem (1-˛5-˛9) B-{inXmx ˛ n¬°pIbpw, AXv tkz® kz¿£ kplr-XvKr-lm≥ ˛ D®-w, kzt£{Xw, an{X-t£{Xw
  • 130. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 125 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN C-h-bn-sem-∂m-hpIbpw sNbvXm-¬ {ioI-WvT-tbmtKm `thXv ˛ {ioI-WvT-tbmKw D≠m-Ip-∂p. {iom-Y-tbmKw `m¿§h `mKy-mY iinPmx ˛ ip{I≥, Hº-Xmw-`m-hm-[n-]≥, _p[≥ Ch¿ AXp-t]mse n∂m¬ {iom-Y-tbm-K-x ˛ {iom-Y-tbm-Kw- B-Ip-∂p. sshcn-©n-tbmKw hmKo-i B-fl-] kq-cyP ˛ hymgw, A©m-w`mhm[n]≥, (1) in bZn XZm -˛ Ch¿ AXp-t]mse n∂m¬ ssh-cn©ntbmKx- ˛ hn-cn©tbmKw BIp-∂p.- (1) hymJymt`Zw: Bfl]s‚ A¿∞w e·m[n]≥ F∂mWv mWp]n≈Bimpw sNdph≈nbpw sImSpØn´p≈Xv. AXp icnb√. ImcWw, Bflm ]©a`mhamWv. Xs∂b√, {XntImWm[n]sc (1˛5˛9 `mhmY∑-msc) mbI∑-mcm°nbp≈ tbmKßfmWnh F∂ Imcyw kμ¿`Øn¬n∂pw hy‡amIp∂p≠pXmpw. (29) cp{Zm-£m-`-c-tWm f ]n `qXn-[-h-f-—mtbm almflm inhw [ymb-∂m-fln k¥Xw kpn-bax ssih-{htX Zo£nXx km[q-m-ap-]-Im-cIx ]c-a-tX-tjz-hm--kqtbm `th-˛ tØPkzo inh-]qPbm {]ap-ZnXx {ioI-W-T-tbm-tKm-¤-hx. {ioI-WvT-tbm-K-^ew {ioI-WvT tbm-tKm-¤-hx. ˛ {ioI-WvTtbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ cp{Zm-£ B`-c-tWm]n ˛ cp{Zm-£wsIm≠p≈ B`-c-W߃ [cn°p∂hpw `qXn-[-h-f-—mtbm ˛ `kvaw ]qin shfpØ nd-tØmSp IqSnbhpw almflm ˛ almflmhpw inhw [ymb-≥ B-fln k¥Xw ˛ inhs kZm [ymn°p∂hpw kpn-bax ˛ njvTbp≈hpw ssih-{htX {]ap-ZnX ˛ inh`‡nbn¬ Bμw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw Zo£nXx ˛ {hXw ApjvTn°p∂hpw km[q-mw- D]-Im-cIx ˛ km[p°ƒ°vvv D]-Imcnbpw ]c-a-tX-jp A-kqtbm ˛ Ays‚ A`n{]mbßfn¬ AknlvWpX C√mØhpw tXPkzo ˛ tXP-kznbpw
  • 131. ^eZo]nI 126 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly inh-]qPbm {]ap-ZnXx ˛ inh-]q-P-bn¬ Bμn°p∂hpw `thXv ˛ Bbn-cn°pw. (30) e£vao-hm≥ kc-tkm‡nNmSp-n-]ptWm mcm-b-Wm¶m¶nX˛ kvX∂m-am-¶n-X-lr-Zy-]-Zy-a-niw k¶o¿Ø-b≥ k÷x X¤-‡m-]-NnXu {]k-∂-h-Z-- -Xv]p-{X-Zm-cm-znXx k¿thjmw b--{]n-tbm -f Xn-kp-`Kx {iom-Y-tbm-tKm¤hx. {iom-Y-tbm-K^ew {iom-Y-tbm-tKm¤hx ˛ {iom-Y-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ e£vao-hm≥ ˛ sFiz-cy-ap-≈-h≥ kc-tkm‡n NmSp-n-]ptWm ˛ kc-k-ambpw a[pcambpw kwkmcn°p∂h≥ mcm-b-W A¶m¶nXx ˛ icocØn¬ (IcNcWßfn¬) sshjvWh e£Wß-ƒ(iwJv,N{Iw,KZ,]flw XpSßnbh) ASbmfambn´p≈h≥ XXv m-am-¶n-X lr-Zy -]-Zy-w Aniw k¶o¿Ø-b≥ ˛ hnjvWp`Kh∂mam¶nXamb, lrZyamb, Io¿Ø߃ kZm ]mSns°m≠p S°p∂-h≥ k÷x ˛ kZvKpWßtfmSpIqSnbh≥- X¤-‡m- ]-NnXu {]k-∂-h-Z-˛ hnjvWp-`-‡-sc ]qPn-°-p∂-Xn¬ kt¥mjap≈h≥ kXv]p-{X Zm-cm-znXx ˛ √ a°tfmSpw `mcytbmSpw IqSn-b-h≥ k¿thjmw b--{]n-tbm ˛ F√m-h¿°pw {]nb¶c≥ AXn-kp-`Kx ˛ hfsc kpμ-c≥. (31) {_“-⁄m--]-cm-btWm _lp-a-Xn¿th-Z-{]-[mtm KpWo lrjvtSm sshZn-I-am¿§tXm NeXn {]Jym-X-in-jy-{h-Px kutaym-‡n¿_-lp-hn-Ø-Zm-c-X-bx (1) kZv{_-“-tX-tPm-÷ze≥ Zo¿Lm-bp¿hn-Pn-tX{μntbm X-rt]m sshcn-©n-tbm-tKm-¤-hx. (1) ]mTt`Zw : kp{_-“ hncn-©-tbm-K^ew sshcn-©n- tbm-tKm-¤-h ˛ hncn-©-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ {_“-⁄m-- ]-cm-btWm ˛ {_“-⁄m-X¬∏-c≥ _lp-a-Xn ˛ _p≤n-am≥ th-Z-{]-[mo ˛ sshZnI≥
  • 132. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 127 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN KpWo ˛ KpW-hm≥ lrjvtTm ˛ k¥p-jvS≥ sshZn-I-am¿§tXm NeXn ˛ sshZn-I-am¿§-Øn¬n∂p hyXn-N-en-°m-Ø-h≥ {]Jym-X-in-jy-{h-Px ˛ {]kn-≤cmb injy∑-mcpsS kwL-tØm-Sp - Iq-Sn-b-h≥ kutaym-‡n ˛ kuay-ambn kwkm-cn-°p-∂-h≥ _-lp-hn-Ø Zm-c X-bx ˛ [mcmfw [hpw,- `mcybpw-, a°fpw D≈h≥ kZv{_-“-tX-tPm-÷ze≥ ˛ {_“tXP p≈h≥ Zo¿Lm-bp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- -p-≈-h≥ hn-Pn-tX{μntbm ˛ C{μn-b-ßsf Pbn-®-h≥ X-rt]m ˛ cmPm-°-∑m¿ an-°p-∂-h≥. sNdph≈nbpsS hymJymØn¬ Io¿Ønam∑-mcmb injy∑-mtcmSpw ]p{X∑mtcmSpw F∂pw `mcyamtcmSpw ]p{X∑-mtcmSpw F∂pw ]p{X∑msc c≠p h´w ]d™ncn°p∂p. {hPamWv Ipg∏ap≠m°n bsX∂p tXm∂p∂p. AXpt]mse kμ¿`w tm°ptºmƒ _lp hnØØnp am{Xw aXnsb∂pw tXm∂p∂p. (32) Atymyw `h--ÿ-tbm¿hn-l-K-tbm¿˛ √-·mZn-cn-x^m-¥Iw `mhm-[o-iz-ctbmx {ItaW IYnXmx jSvj-jvSn-tbmKm Pssx {Xnwi-ss±-y-ap-Zo-cnXw hyb-cn-]p-˛ —n-{Zm-[n-m-tYm-∞n-Xmw˛ kvXzjvSu iucy-]tXx Jem nK-Zn-Xmx- - tijm almJymx kvarXmx. ]cnh¿ØtbmK߃ e-·m-Zn -cn-^m-¥Iw ˛ e·w-ap-X¬ ]{¥≠phscbp≈ `mhßfpsS `mhm-[o-iz-ctbmx hn-l-K-tbmx ˛ mY∑-mcmb {Kl-߃ Atymyw `h--ÿtbmx ˛ ]c-kv]cw `mhw amdn n∂m¬ jUvj-jvSn-tbmKm ˛ 66- tbm-K-߃ {ItaW IYnXmx ˛ {Ia-Øn¬ ]d-b-s∏-Sp∂p. CXn¬ hybcn-]pOn-{Z A[n-m-tY- ˛ 12, 6, 8 `mh-m-Y-∑mscs°m≠v D≈h {Xnwi- ssZ-yD-Zo-cnXw ˛ (30) ssZy-tbm-K-ßfpw
  • 133. ^eZo]nI 128 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly iucy-t]Xx ˛ 3˛mw-`m-hm-[n-]-s-s°m≠v AjvSu Jem nK-Zn-Xm ˛ (8) Je-tbm-Kßfpw -tijm ˛ _m°n-bp-≈h (a‰p `mhm[n]XnsIm≠p≈h) almJymx ˛ (28-) alm-tbm-K-ßfpw BIp∂p ssZy-tbm-K-߃ 30 Je-tbm-K߃ 8 alm-tbm-K-߃ 28- BsI 66 (33) aq¿Jx kymZ-]-hm-ZtIm Zpcn-X-Ir-∂nXyw k]-Xvm¿±nXx {Iqtcm‡nx Ine ssZyP›ea-Xn¿hn-On-∂-Im-tcym-Zyax DZzr-Ø-›- Jte IZm-Nn-Z-Jnew `mKyw et`-Xm-Jnew kutaym-‡n› IZm-Nn-tZ-h-a-ip`w Zmcn-{ZyZpxJmZn-Iw. ssZy-tbmK-^ew ssZy-P ˛ ssZy-tbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ aq¿Jx kymXv ˛ ZpjvS≥, aμ-_p≤n A]-hm-ZtIm ˛ A]hmZ߃ D≠m°p∂-h≥, nμn-®p kwkmcn°p-∂-h≥ Zpcn-X-IrXv ˛ ]m]߃ sNøp∂-h≥ -nXyw ˛ F√m-bvt∏mgpw k]-Xvm¿±nXx ˛ i{Xp-°-fm¬ ]oUn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ {Iqtcm‡nx ˛ {Iqcambn kwkmcn°p∂h≥ Nea-Xnx ˛ Cf-Ip∂ at mSpIqSnbh≥ hn-On-∂-Im-tcym-Zyax ˛ Bcw-`-iq-c≥. JetbmK-^ew Jte ˛ Je-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ DZv hrØ-x ˛ AS-°-an-√m-Ø-h≥. kutaym-‡n› ˛ kuay-ambn kwkmcn°p∂h≥ -IZm-Nn-Xv AJnew `mKyw et`-Xm ˛ Nne-t∏mƒ F√m `mKyhpw e`n-°p-∂-p IZm-NnXv Ghw ˛ a‰p Nne-t∏mƒ CXpt]mse Aip`w Zmcn-{ZyZpxJmZn-Iw ˛ Zmcn{Zyw, ZpxJw XpSßnb `mKyZmjßfpw (D≠mIp-∂-p)
  • 134. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 129 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (34) {ioISm-£-n-ebx {]`p-cm-Vy˛ ›n{X-h-kv{X-I--Im-`-c-ssW› ]m¿∞n-hm-]vX-_-lp-am--k-at⁄m bm-hn-Ø-kp-X-hm-∑-l-Zm-tJy. alm-tbm-K-^ew a-l-Zm-tJy ˛ alm-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ {ioISm-£-n-ebx ˛ [-hm≥ {]`p ˛ {]`p- B-Vy ˛ BVy≥, t{ijvT≥ Nn{X-h-kv{Xw I--Iw B`-c-ssWx N ˛ `wKnbp≈ hkv{Xw, kz¿Æm-`-c-W-ßfpw ]m¿∞n-h B-]vX- _-lp-am--k-at⁄m ˛ cmP_lpamw bm hn-Ø- kp-X-hm≥ ˛ hmlw, [w, a°ƒ Ch-bp-≈-h≥. -(35) e·m-[n-]m-kvX-`-]-Xn-ÿn-X-cm-in-mYx tkzm®-kz-t`jp bZn tImW-N-Xp-jvS-bÿx tbmK-x k Im-lf CXn {]Xn-tXmf Y XZzXv e·m-[n-t]m f kvX-`-]-Xn¿bZn ]¿h-Xm-Jyx. Iml-f--tbm-K-w e·m-[n-]- AkvX-`-]-Xn- ˛ e·m[n]tm Ggmw `mhm-[n-]tm ÿn-X-cm-in-mYx ˛ n¬°p∂ cminbpsS -m-Y≥ tkzm®-kz-t`jp ˛ kz¥w D®cminbntem kzt£{XØntem n¬°pIbpw AXv bZn tImW-N-Xp-jvS-bÿx ˛ {XntImWtam tI{μtam BhpIbpwsNbvXm¬ tbmK- -Im-lf ˛ Iml-f-tbmKw. ]¿h-X-tbm-K-w e·m-[n-] A-kvX-`-]-Xn¿ bZn ˛ e·m-[n-]tm Ggmw `mhm-[n-]tm Cßs n∂m¬ ]¿h-Xm-Jyx ˛ ]¿hX-tbmKw. (36) h¿≤n-jvWp-cmcyx kpaXnx {]k∂x t£awIcx Iml-ftPm ramyx ÿncm¿∞-kuJyx ÿnc-Im-cy-I¿Øm £nXo-izcx ]¿h-X-tbm-K-Pm-Xx.
  • 135. ^eZo]nI 130 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Iml-f-tbm-K-^ew Iml-ftPm ˛ Iml-f-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ h¿≤n-jvWpx - ˛ ]ptcm-K-Xn-bp-≈-h≥ -Bcyx ˛ t{ijvT≥ kpaXnx ˛ √ _p≤n (k-∑-- v) -D-≈-h≥ {]k∂x ˛ {]k-∂≥ t£aw-Icx ˛ t£aw sNøp-∂-h≥. ramyx ˛ PkΩXpw ]¿h-X-tbm-K-^ew ]¿h-X-tbm-K-Pm-Xx ˛ ]¿h-X-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ÿnc A¿∞-kuJyx ˛ ÿnc-amb [hpw kpJhpw D≈-h≥ ÿnc-Im-cy-I¿Øm ˛ ImcyÿncX D≈-h≥ £nXo-izcx ˛ cmPmhv. (37) [¿Ω-I¿Ω-`-h-m-[n-]Xo Zzu kwbpXu aln-X-`m-h-KXu tNXv cmP-tbmK CXn XZzn-Znl kymXv tI{μ-tIm-W-]-bp-Xn¿bZn iwJx. cmP-tbmKw [¿ΩI¿Ω`-h-m-[n-]Xn Zzu ˛ {XntIm-W-amb Hº-Xv, tI{μ-amb ]Øv ChbpsS `mhm-[n-]-∑m¿ c≠-pt]cpw Hcp-an®v kwbpXu aln-X-`m-h-KXu ˛ Hcp-cm-in-bn¬ n∂m¬ cmP-tbmK CXn ˛ cmP-tbmKw F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. iwJ-tbmKw Hº-X,v ]Øv `mhm[n]cpsS IqsS tI{μtIm-W-]bp-Xnx bZn ˛ a‰p tI{μ (1-˛4-˛7-˛10) {XntIm-W (1-˛5-˛9) - m-Y-∑mcpsS ÿnXnIqSn hcp∂psh-¶n¬ iwJx. ˛ iwJ-tbm-K-am-Ip-∂p.
  • 136. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 131 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (38) t`coiwJ{]Wm-ssZ¿≤r-X-ar-Zp-]SnIm˛ Pm-X-hr-Øm-X-]t{Xm lkvXyizmtμmfn-Im-ssZy-x kl aK-[-Ir-X˛ -{]-kvXp-Xn¿`qan-]mex mm-cq-t]m-]-lm-c-kv^p-cn-X-I-c-bpssKx {]m¿∞n-X-x -k÷-ssx -kym˛ {ZmPm kym—wJ-tbmtK _lp-h-c-h-nXm˛ t`mK-k-º-Øn-]q¿Æx. cmP-tbm-K-^ew cmPtbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥˛˛ t`co iwJ {]Wm-ssZx ˛ s]cp-ºd, iwJv Ch-I-fpsS BchßtfmsS ar-Zp-]SnImPm-Xhr-Øm-X-]t{Xm ˛ arZp-hmb ]´p-sIm-≠p-≠m-°nb sh¨sIm-‰- °p-S-°o-gn¬ lkvXn Aiz Btμmfn-Im-ssZyx ˛ B, IpXnc, ]√°v XpSßnbhbpsS AIºSntbmsS aK-[-Ir-X-{]-kvXp-Xn¿ ˛ kvXpXn]mTI¿ ]mSp∂ kvXpXnItfmsS mm-cq-t]m-]-lm-c-kv^p-cn-X-I-c-bpssKx {]m¿∞n-X-x k÷-ssx ˛ hnhn[ßfmb D]lmc߃ tim`n°p∂- ssIItfmsS sXmgpXpn¬°p∂ k÷ßtfmsS `qan-]mex ... kymXv ˛ cmPmhmIpw. iwJ-tbm-K-^ew iwJ-tbmtK ˛ iwJtbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ _lp-h-c-h-nXm ˛ hfsc t{ijvThn-X-I-tfmsS t`mKk-º-Øn-]q¿Æx ˛ kpJt`mK-k-º-Øp-I-tfmSp Iq-Snb cmPm kymXv ˛ cmPmhv BIpw. (39) kwJymtbmKmx k]vX-k-]vX¿£-kwssÿ˛ tcIm-]mbmZz√-Io- Zm-a- ]mix tIZm-cmJy iqe-tbmtKm bp-Kw N tKmf-›m-ym≥ ]q¿h-ap-‡m-≥ hn-lm-b.
  • 137. ^eZo]nI 132 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly kwJymtbmK߃ k]vX k-]vX¿£ -kwssÿx ˛ G-gp {Kl߃ 7 cmin-I-fnembn n∂mepw GIm-]mbmXv ˛ 6,5,4,3,2,1 cmin-I-fn-embn n∂mepw kwJymtbmKx ˛ kwJym-tbm-K-ß-fm-Ip-∂p. ]q¿hw D-‡m-≥ hn-lm-b ˛ apºp ]d™h Ign®v. (tcsØ ]d™ tbmKßsfm∂pw Cs√¶n¬ am{Xta kwJymtbmK߃ ]cnKWnt°≠Xp≈q F∂¿∞w.) kwJymtbmK߃ 7 {Kl-߃ 7 cmin-bn¬ ˛ h√-Io - 7 {Kl-߃ 6 cmin-bn¬ ˛ Zm-a- 7 {Kl-߃ 5 cmin-bn¬ ˛ ]mi 7 {Kl-߃ 4 cmin-bn¬ ˛ tIZm-c 7 {Kl-߃ 3 cmin-bn¬ ˛ iqe 7 {Kl-߃ 2 cmin-bn¬ ˛ bp-K 7 {Kl-߃ 1 cmin-bn¬ ˛ tKmf- (40) hoWm-tbmtK rØ-Ko-X-{]n-tbm f ¿∞o (1) Zmavo XymKo `q]-Xn-t›m-]-Imco ]mti t`mKo km¿∞-k-—o-e-_‘px tIZm-cmtJy {ioIr-jn-t£-{X-bp-‡x. h-√IotbmK^ew hoWm-tbmtK ˛ hoWm- (h-√-Io) tbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ rØ- Ko-X- {]n-tbm ˛ rØ-hpw Ko-X-hpw {]n-bamb-h≥ A¿∞o ˛ [nI≥ ZmatbmK^ew Zmavo ˛ ZmatbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ XymKo `q]-Xn- D]-Imco ˛ XymKn, cmPmhv, D]-Imcn. ]mitbmK^ew ]mti ˛ ]mitbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ t`mKo ˛ kpJw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h≥ kA¿∞ kXvioe -_‘px ˛ [w, kZvkz-`m-hw, _‘p-°ƒ Ch D≈-h≥
  • 138. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 133 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN tIZmctbmK^ew tIZm-cmtJy ˛ tIZmctbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ {io ˛ {io (sFizcyw) Ir-jn-t£-{X ˛ Irjn-ÿew- bp-‡x. ˛ Ch-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ (1) A¿∞t`Zw: A¿∞n°p∂hmWv A¿∞n . A¿∞n F∂m¬ Bhiys∏Sp ∂h≥, bmNI≥ Fs∂ms° A¿∞w ]dbmw. AXp kcn®v sIm√w]Xn∏n¬ bmNIs∂ A¿∞hpw sImSpØncn°p∂p. F∂m¬ ChnsS D]tbmKn®n´p≈ aqeØn¬ Cu hm°v A¿∞nb√, A¿∞o bmWv. A¿∞ap≈h≥, [nI≥ F∂v A¿∞hpw sImSpØncn°p∂p. A¬∏w hocyw IpdhmsW¶nepw CsXmcp `mKytbmKwXs∂bmWv. AXpsIm≠v [ap≈h≥ F∂ A¿∞w Xs∂bmWv kμ¿`Ønp tbmPn°pI. (41) iqte lnw{kx t{Im[-iotem Zcn{Zx ]mjWvUo kymZv {Zhy-lotm bpKmtJy nkzx ]m]o tæ—-bp‡x Ipin¬]o tKmtf PmX-›m-e-tkm f ¬∏m-bp-tch. iqetbmK^ew iqte ˛ iqetbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ lnw{kx ˛ lnwkm-kz-`m-h-ap-≈-h≥ t{Im[-iotem ˛ tZzjy-°m-c≥ Zcn{Zx ˛ Zcn-{Z≥. bpKtbmK^ew bpKmtJy ˛ bpK-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ]mjWvUo ˛ mkvXn-I≥ Zhy-lotm ˛ {Zhy-w ([w) C√mØh≥ tKmftbmK^ew tKmtfPmX ˛ tKmftbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ nkzx ˛ Zcn-{Z≥ ]m]o ˛ ]m]n tæ—-bp‡x ˛ Zp¿÷-kl-hmkw Ipin¬]o ˛ NoØ-in¬∏߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ A-e-tkm ˛ Ae-k≥ A¬∏m-bp-. ˛ A¬∏mbp- v .
  • 139. ^eZo]nI 134 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (42) kussay-cn-tμm¿Zyqj{U-{‘-kw-ssÿ˛ kvXZz-√-·m-’w-ÿnssX¿hm[n-tbmKx tXm a{¥n `q]Xnx kymXv {ItaW JymXx {io-am≥ Zo¿L-Pohn akzo. A[n-tbmKw C-tμmx ˛ N{μs‚ Zyq jUv c{‘ ˛ Ggv, Bdv-, F´v- ÿm-ß-fn¬ kussayx- kw-ssÿ ˛ ip`-{K-l-߃ (_p, Kp,- ip) n∂m¬, hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ XZz√-·mXv kw-ÿnssX¿ ˛ A{]-Imcw e·m¬- n∂mepw, A[n-tbmKx ˛ A[n-tbm-K-am-Ip-∂p. ta¬∏d™ aq∂p `mhßfn¬ H∂n¬ ip`≥ n∂m¬ tXm ˛ sskym[n]pw cs≠ÆØn¬ n∂m¬ a{¥n ˛ a{¥nbpw aq∂nepw n∂m¬ `q]Xn ˛ cmPmhpw kymXv {ItaW ˛ BIpw. (Abmƒ s]mXpsh) JymXx ˛ {]kn-≤pw {io-am≥ ˛ {io-ampw Zo¿L-Pohn ˛ Zo¿Lmbp- p-≈-hpw bi-kzo ˛ bi- p-≈-hpw (BIpw.) hymJymt`Zw : F√m ip`{KlßfpwIqSn Ggn¬ n∂m¬ tXmhpw Bdn¬ n∂m¬ a{¥nbpw F´n¬ n∂m¬ cmPmhpamIpw F∂mWv aebmf hymJymßfn¬ ImWp∂Xv. A[ntbmKw Hcp {][mtbmKambXnm¬ an°hmdpw F√m PmXI{KŸßfnepw {]Xy£s∏Sp∂p≠v. AXn¬ bp‡n°p tNcp∂ ]£amWv ChnsS kzoIcn®Xv. (43) A[n-tbm-K-`thm tcizcx ÿnc-kw-]-Zv_-lp-_-‘p-t]m-jIx Aapm cn]hx ]cm-Pn-Xm˛ ›nc-am-bp¿√-`tX {]kn-≤-Xmw. A[n-tbmK^ew A[n-tbm-K-`thm ˛ A[n-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥
  • 140. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 135 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN tcizcx ˛ cmPmhpw ÿnc-kw-]-Zv ˛ ÿnc-amb kºØp-≈hpw _-lp-_-‘p-t]m-jIx ˛ hfsc _‘p-°sf klm-bn-°p-∂-hpw cn]h ]cm-Pn-X ˛ tXm¬∏n-°-s∏´ i{Xp-°-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw Bbncn°pw. Nnc-am-bp ˛ (Ahv) Zo¿Lm-bp pw {]kn-≤-Xmw ˛ {]kn≤nbpw e`tX ˛ e`n°pIbpw sNøpw. Nma-cm-Zn -Zzm-Z-i -tbm-K-߃ (44) `mssh-x ku-ay-bp-tX-£n-ssX-kvX-Z-[n-ss]x kpÿm--ssK¿`m-kzsscx tkzm®-kz¿£-K-ssX¿hn-e-·-`-h-m˛ tZymKmx {IamXv ZzmZi kw⁄m-›m-a-c-t[-p-iucyPe-[n˛ —{Xm-kv{X-Im-am-kp-cm `mKy-Jym-Xn-kp-]m-cn-Pm-X-ap-k-em˛ kvXss⁄-cyYm Io¿ØnXmx. `mhØnpw `mhm[n]pw _eaps≠¶n¬ Nma-cm-Zn-Zzm-Z-i-tbm-K-߃ `mssh- ku-ay-bp-tX Cu£n-ssX- ˛ `mh-ßfn¬ kuay-{KlÿnXn, kuay-{Kl ZrjvSn, -X-Z-[n-ss] kpÿm--ssKx -˛ `mhm-[n-]-Xn-Iƒ°v kpÿm--ÿnXn `m-kzsscx ˛ civan-_ew tkzm® kz¿£- K-ssXx ˛ kz¥w D®w, kzt£{Xw Ch-bn¬ ÿnXn ˛ Ch-sbm-Øp-h-∂m¬ hn-e-·-`-h-mXv ˛ e·w-ap-X¬°p≈ (]{¥≠p `mh-߃°p) ZzmZitbmKmx ˛ ]{¥≠p tbmK-߃. kw⁄m ˛ (Ah-bpsS) t]cp-Iƒ {IamXv ˛ {Ia-Øn¬ (]-d-bp-∂p.)- 1. Nmac ˛ Nm-a-ctbmKw 2. -t[-p- ˛ t[-ptbmKw 3. -iucy- ˛ iucytbmKw 4. Pe-[n ˛ Pe-[ntbmKw
  • 141. ^eZo]nI 136 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 5. O{X ˛ O{XtbmKw 6. Akv{X ˛ Akv{XtbmKw- 7. Im-a- ˛ Im-a-tbmKw 8. Bkpc ˛ BkpctbmKw 9. `mKy- ˛ `mKy-tbmKw 10. Jym-Xn ˛ Jym-XntbmKw --11. ]m-cn-Pm-X-- ˛ ]m-cn-Pm-XtbmKw 12. ap-k-e ˛ ap-k-etbmKw (45) {]Xylw {hPXn hr≤n-ap-Z{Kmw ip¢-N{μ Ch tim`--ioex Io¿Øn-am≥ P-]-Xn-›n-c-Pohn {ion-[n¿`-hXn Nma-c-Pm-Xx. Nma-c-tbm-K-^ew (e·w, e·m[n]≥) Nma-c-Pm-Xx ˛ Nma-c-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ip¢-N{μ Ch ˛ shfpØ]£-Ønse N{μ-s-t∏mse {]Xylw hr≤n-ap-Z{Kmw {hPXn ˛ Znw-{]Xn A`n-hr≤n {]m]n-°p-∂p. tim`--ioex ˛ √ kz`m-h-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ Io¿Øn-am≥ ˛ {]i-kvX≥ P-]-Xn ˛ cmPm-hv, tXmhv- Nn-c-Pohn ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈-h≥ {ion-[nx ˛ sFizcyhm≥ `-hXn ˛ BIp-∂p. (46) km∂-]m--hn-`-thm- f Jn-e-hn-Zym˛ ]pjvI-tem- f [n-I-Ip-Spw-_-hn-`qXnx tla-c-Xv-[--[m-y-k-art≤m cmP-cmP Ch cmPXn t[u. t[p-tbm-K-^ew (c-≠mw-`m-hw, c-≠mw-`m-hm[n-]-Xn) t[u ˛ t[p-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ km∂-]m--hn-`-thm- ˛ A∂]mhn`hßtfmSp IqSnbh≥ AJn-ehnZym]pjvI-tem- ˛ F√m -hn-ZyIfpw Adn™h≥ A[n-I- Ip-Spw-_hn-`qXnx ˛ h¿≤n® IpSpw-_ -sFizcytØmSp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥
  • 142. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 137 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN tlac-Xv[-[m-yk-art≤m ˛ kz¿Æw, cXvw, [w, [myw ChbpsS kar≤ntbmsS cmP-cmP Ch cmPXn ˛ N{I-h¿Ønsbt∏mse {]Im-in-°p-∂p. 47 Io¿Øn-a-¤n-c-p-ssP-c-`n-jvSp-ssX¿˛ √mfntXm aln-X-hn-{I-a-bp‡x iucytPm `hXn cma Chmku cmP-Im-cy-n-ctXm f Xnb-i-kzo. iucy-tbm-K-^ew (aq∂mw`mhw, aq∂mw`mhm[n]Xn) iucytPm ˛ iucy-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ cma Ch Aku ˛ {iocmast∏mse Io¿Øn-a-Xv`nx- A`njvSpssXx Ap-ssPx - emfntXm˛ Io¿Øn-am-∑m-cpw kvXpXn° s∏Sp∂hcpamb Bb Ap-P-∑m-cm¬ tkhn°s∏Spw. aln-X- hn-{I-a-bp‡x ˛ henb hn{Iaimenbpw cmP-Im-cy-n-ctXm ˛ cmPy-Im-cy-n-c-Xpw AXnb-i-kzo, `hXn ˛ hfsc {]kn-≤pw BIpw. (48) tKmk-º-≤--[m-y-tim`nkZw _‘p-{]-]q¿Æw hc˛ kv{Xoc-Xvmw-_-c-`q-j-Wmn aln-X-ÿmw N k¿thm-Øaw {]m]vtm-Xyw-_p-[ntbm-KPx ÿnc-kp-tJm- l-kvXy-iz-bm-m-ZntIm cmtPtUym ZznP-tZ-h-Im-cy-n-cXx Iq]-{]-]m-Ir-Xv ]-Yn. Pe-[n-tbm-K-^ew (memw`mhw, memw`mhm[n]Xn) Aw-_p-[n-tbm-KPx ˛ Pe-[n-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ tKmk-ºZv [--[m-ytim`n(X) ˛ ]ip-°-ƒ, kºØv, [-[m-y-߃ XpSßnb-h-bm¬ tim`n°p∂, _‘p-{]-]q¿Æw kZw ˛ _‘p-°ƒ nd™ hoSv hckv{Xoc-Xv Aw-_-c`q-j-Wmn ˛ DØakv{Xo-Iƒ, cXv-߃, h{P-߃, B`- c-W-߃ XpSßn k¿thm-Øaw ˛ F√mw-sIm≠pw DØaamb aln-X-ÿmw N {]m]vtmXn ˛ t{ijvTamb ÿm-w {]m]n-°p-∂p. ÿnc-kp-tJm- ˛ F∂pw kuJyw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂p.
  • 143. ^eZo]nI 138 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly l-kvXn Aiz- bm-m-ZntIm ˛ B,IpXnc,hmlw XpS-ßn-bhtbmSp-Iq-Snb cmtPtUym ˛ cmP-{]-ap-J≥. ZznP- tZ-h- Im-cy- n-cXx ˛ {_m“WtZ-h-Imcy-ß-fn¬ X¬∏-c≥. Iq] ]-Yn -{]-]m-Ir-Xv ˛ hgn-bn¬ InW¿, XÆo¿∏-¥¬ F∂nh n¿Ωn®p ¬Ip-∂-h≥. (49) kpkwkm-c-`m-Kyky k¥m--e£vao˛ nhmtkm bikzo kp`mjo aojo AamtXym alo-iky ]qtPym [mVyx kv^pc-Øo-£vW-_p-≤n¿`th—{X-tbm-tK. O{X-tbm-K-^ew (A©mw`mhw, A©mw`mhm[n]Xn) `th O{X-tbm-tK ˛ O{X-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kzkwkm-c-`m-Kyky ˛ euIn-I-`m-Kyßfmb k¥m--e£vaonhmk ˛ k¥mw, kºØv Chbv°v Ccn-∏n-Sambh≥. bikzo ˛ bikzn kp`mjo ˛ √Xp kwkm-cn-°p-∂-h≥ aojo ˛ _p≤nam≥ AamtXym ˛ a{¥n alo-iky ]qtPym ˛ cmPm-hnm¬ _lp-am-n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ [mVyx ˛ [m-Vy≥ Xo-£vW-_p-≤nkv^pc- ˛ Xo£vW_p≤n-i‡n kv^pcn-°p-∂-h≥. (50) i{Xq≥ _en-jvTm≥ _e-h-∂n-Krly {Iqc-{]-hrXym kln-tXm- f `n-amn {hWm-¶n-Xmw-K› hnhm-Z-Imco kymZkv{XtbmtK ZrV-Km-{X-bp-‡x. Akv{X-tbm-K-^ew (Bdmw`mhw, Bdmw`mhm[n]Xn) Akv{XtbmtK - ˛ Akv{XtbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ _en-jvTm≥i{Xq≥_e-h-≥n-Krly˛ _ehm∑-mcmb i{Xp-°sf _ewsIm≠p h[n-°p∂-h≥ {Iqc-{]-hrXym kln-tXm ˛ {Iqc-{]-hrØnIƒ sNøp-∂-h-≥ -A`n-amn ˛ A`n-amn
  • 144. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 139 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN {hWm-¶n-Xmw-K› ˛ tZlØp apdn-∏m-tSm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ hnhm-Z-Imco ˛ hn-hm-Z-ß-fp-≠m-°p-∂-h≥ ZrV-Km-{X-bp-‡x. ˛ Dd® ico-c-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ kymXv ˛ BIp-∂p. (51) ]c-Zm-c-]-cm-MvaptJm `th˛ Zzc-Zm-cm-fl-P-_-‘p-kw-{inXx P-Im-Z[nIx ipss`¿Kp-ssW¿˛ al-obmw {inb-taXn Ima-Px. Ima-tbm-K-^ew (Ggmw `mhw, Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn) Ima-Px. ˛ Ima-tbm-K-Øn≥ Pn-®-h≥ ]c-Zm-c- ]-cm-MvaptJm ˛ Ay-s‚ `mcy-bn¬ Xm¬∏-cy-an-√m-Ø-hpw hc-Zm-c Bfl-P- _-‘p-kw-{inXx ˛ DØabmb `mcy, a°ƒ, _‘p-°ƒ F∂n-htcmSpIqSnbhpw P-Im-Z[nIx ipt`m¿Kp-ssWx ˛ A—-t-°mƒ A[nIw ip`Kp-W߃ D≈-hpw al-obmw {inb-taXn ˛ hfsc sFizcyap≈hpw `thXv ˛ Bbncn°pw. (52) l¥yy-Imcyw ]nipx kzImcy˛ ]tcm Z-cn-{Z› Zpcm{Klo kymXv kzbw-Ir-Xm-¿∞-]-cºcm¿Øx IpI¿Ω-Ir-®m-kp-c-tbm-K-PmXx. Bkp-c-tbm-K-^ew (F´mw`mhw, F´mw`mhm[n]Xn) Bkp-c-tbm-K-PmXx ˛ Bkp-c-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ l¥n Ay-Imcyw ˛ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Imcyw apS-°p-∂h≥ ]nipx ˛ pW- ]d-bp-∂h≥ kzImcy]tcm ˛ kzm¿∞o Z-cn-{Z ˛ Zcn-{Z≥ Zpcm{Klo ˛ AXym-{Kln kzbw-Ir-Xm-¿∞-]-cºcm-¿Øx ˛ kzbw-Ir-Xm¿∞-ß-fpsS ]c-º-c-bm¬ ZpJn-°p-∂-h≥
  • 145. ^eZo]nI 140 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly IpI¿Ω-Ir-Xv ˛ ZpjvI-¿Ω-߃ sNø-p∂-h≥- kymXv ˛ BIp-∂p. (53) N©-®m-a-c-hm-Zy-tLm-j-n-_n-Um˛ amtμm-fnImw imizXow e£vaow {]m]y alm-Pssx IrX-pXnx kym≤¿Ω-am¿t§- ÿnXx {]oWm-tXyj ]nXr≥ kpcm≥ ZznP-K-Wm≥ XØXv {]nssbx ]qPssx kzmNm-cx -kz-Ip-tem-Zz-l- kp-lr-Zbx kymZv `mKy-tbm-tKm-¤-hx. `mKy-tbm-K-^ew (HºXmw`mhw, HºXmw`mhm[n]Xn) `mKy-tbm-tKm-¤-h ˛ `mKytbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ N©-®m-a-c ˛ Nen-°p∂ Nma-c-ßtfmsS hm-Zy-tLm-j- ˛ hm-Zy-tLm-j-ßtfmsS Btμm-fnImw ˛ ]√-°ntedn k©cn°p∂h≥ imizXow e£vanw ˛ in°mØ sFizcytØmSpIqSnbh≥ alm-Pss IrX-Xnx ˛ alm-P--ß-fm¬ a-kvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ [¿Ω-am¿t§-ÿnXx ˛ [m¿ΩnI≥ ]nXr≥ kpcm≥ ZznP-K-Wm≥ ˛ ]nXr-°ƒ, tZh-∑m¿, {_m“-W¿ Chsc Xج {]nssb ]qPssx {]oWm-tXyjp˛Ahch¿°p {]nb-s∏´ ]qP-IƒsIm≠v kt¥m-jn-∏n-°p-∂-h≥ kzmNm-c- ˛ kz¥wBNmcImcyßfn¬njvTbp≈h≥ kzIp-temZzl- ˛ Xs‚ hwisØ bn°p∂h≥ kp-lr-Zbx ˛ √ a p≈h≥ kymXv ˛ BIp-∂p. (54) k¬{Inbmw kI-e-tem-I-k--ΩXm˛ amN-c-∂-hXn k÷-m-∂r]x ]p{X-an-{X-[--Zm-c-`m-Ky-hm≥ JymXntPm `hXn temI-hn-{ipXx JyXn-tbm-K-^ew (]Ømw`mhw, ]Ømw`mhm[n]Xn
  • 146. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 141 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN JymXntPm ˛ JymXn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kI-e-tem-Ik--ΩXm ˛ temI-k-Ω-X-amb k¬{Inbmw BN-c-≥ ˛ kXvI¿Ω߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ AhXn k÷-m∂r]x ˛ k÷--ßsf kwc-£n-°p∂ cmPmhv ]p{X an-{X -[- Zm-c `m-Ky-hm≥ ˛ ]p{X-∑m¿-, kplr-Øp-°ƒ, [w-, `mcy Ch-sb-√m-wsIm≠pw -`m-Ky-hmpw temI-hn-{ipXx. ˛- temI-{]-kn-≤pw `hXn ˛ BIp-∂p. (55) nXy-aw-K-f-bpXx ]rYn-hoix k©n-Xm¿∞-n-N-bx k-Ip-Spw_o kXv°-Ym-{i-h-W-`-‡n-c-`nt⁄m ]mcn-Pm-X-P-x in-h-Xm-Xn. ]mcn-Pm-X-tbm-K-^ew (]Xnsm∂mw `mhw, ]Xnsm∂mw`mhm[n]Xn) ]mcn-Pm-X-P-- ˛ ]mcn-Pm-X-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ nXy-aw-K-f-bpXx ˛ ÿncamb t{ib-t m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ ]rYn-hoix ˛ cmPmhv k©n-Xm¿∞-n-N-b ˛ Iq´n-sh® [-tØmSpw- kIp-Spw_o ˛ IpSpw-_-tØmSpw IqSnb-h≥ kXv°-Ym-{i-h-W-`-‡n-x ˛ k¬°-Y-Iƒ tIƒ°p-∂-Xn¬ {i≤-bp-≈-h≥ A`nt⁄m ˛ hnZzm≥. inhXmXn ˛ ip`w sNøp∂h≥ (56) Ir{O-e-_v[-[--hm≥ ]cn-`qtXm teme-kº-Zp-Nn-X-hy-b-ioex kz¿§-tah e`tX f ¥yZ-imbmw Pm¬atIm apk-eP-›-]-e›. apk-e-tbmK^ew (]{¥≠mw`m-hw, ]{¥≠mw-`m-hm[n-]-Xn) apk-eP ˛ apk-e-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥- Ir{O-e-_v[[--hm≥ ˛ IjvS-s∏´p kºm-Zn® [-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ ]cn-`qtXm ˛ nμn-X≥, Ahamn°-s∏-´-h≥ teme-kw-]-Xv ˛ Dd∏n√mØ (nen¬∏n√mØ) kº-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ D-Nn-Xhy-b-ioex ˛ th≠Xnpam{Xw Nnehp sNøp-∂-h≥
  • 147. ^eZo]nI 142 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A¥yZ-imbmw kz¿§-tah e`tX ˛ Ah-kmImeØv kz¿§wXs∂ e`n°p∂p. Pm¬atIm ˛ Ahn-th-In- - N]-e› ˛ N]-epw (BIpw.) (57) Zpssÿ `mh-Kr-tl-izssc ip`-kw˛ bpt‡-£n-ssX¿hm {Iam˛ Zv`msshx kypkvXz-h-tbm-K-n-kz-ar-Xbx kw⁄m Iplpx ]macx l¿tjm ZpjvIr-Xn-cn-Xy-Ym]n kctfm n¿`m-Ky-Zp-tcym-KIu tbmKm-±zm-Z-itXm Zcn-{Z-hn-ate t{]m‡m hn]-›n-÷-ssx. Ah-tbm-KmZn ZzmZi tbmK-߃ `mh-Kr-tl-izssc Zpssÿ ˛ `mhm-[n-]¿°p Zpÿm-ÿnXn Aip`-kwbpt‡ C£n-ssX¿ ˛ ]m]-tbmKw, ]m]-ZrjvSn hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ {IamXv ˛ AXp-t]mse `msshx ˛ `mh-ß-fn¬ ]m]-ÿnXn, ]m]-ZrjvSn kypkvXp ˛ Cßs h∂m¬ 12 tbmK߃:-˛˛ 1. Ah-tbm-K- ˛ Ah-tbmKw - 2 n-kz- ˛ n-kz-tbmKw 3 ar-Xbx ˛ ar-XntbmKw 4 Iplpx ˛ IplptbmKw 6 ]macx ˛ ]mactbmKw 6 l¿j ˛ l¿jtbmKw 7 ZpjvIr-Xn ˛ ZpjvIr-XntbmKw- 8 kcf ˛ kcftbmKw 9 n¿`mKy ˛ n¿`mKytbmKw 10 Zp-tcym-K ˛ Zp-tcym-KtbmKw - 11 Zcn-{Z ˛ Zcn-{Z-tbmKw - 12 hn-ae ˛ hna-e-tbmKw. (58) A{]-kn-≤nc-Xn-Zp- -l-ssZyx kz¬∏-am-bp-c-]-am--a-kZv`nx kwbpXx IpN-cnXx IpXpx kym˛- ®-©-e-ÿn-Xn-cn-lm-]y-h-tbm-tK.
  • 148. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 143 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN Ah-tbm-K^ew (e·w, e·m[n-]≥) Ah-tbm-tK --˛ Ah-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ A{]-kn-≤n ˛ Adnbs∏SmØh≥ - - AXn-Zp- -l ssZyx ˛ hfsc Zp -l-amb- Zo-X-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ kz¬∏-am-bp- ˛ A¬∏m-bp v A]-am--a-kZv`nx ˛ Ak-Øp-°-fn¬n∂pw A]-amw kwbpX IpN-cnXx ˛ Zpkz-`m-hnIfpambn Iq´psI´v IpXpx ˛ hncq]n N©-e-ÿn-Xn ˛ Aÿn-cX kymXv ˛ BIp-∂p. (59) kph-N--iqtym hn^-e-Ip-Spw_x IpP-k-amPx IpZ-i--N£px aXn-kp-X-hn-Zym-hn-`hhnlotm cn]p-lr-X-hnØx {]`-hXn ntkz. nkz-tbm-K^ew (c-≠mw-`m-hw, c≠mw-`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) ntkz ˛ nkz-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kph-N--iqtym ˛ √ hm°p ]d-bm-Ø-h≥ hn^-e-Ip-Spw_x ˛ IpSpw-_-kp-J-an-√m-Ø-h≥ IpP--k-amPx ˛ NoØ Bfp-IfpsS Iq´p-sI´v IpZ-i--N£px ˛ ]√npw IÆnpw XI-cmdv aXn-kp-X-hn-Zym-hn-`hhnlotm ˛ _p≤n, a°ƒ, hnZy, hn`hw C√m-Ø-h≥ cn]p-lr-X-hnØx ˛ i{Xp-°ƒ Ih¿∂ hnØ-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥. (60) Acn-]-cn-`qXx kl-P-hn-lotm akn hnet÷m lX-_-e-hnØx Ap-Nn-X-I¿Ωm {ia-]-cn-Jnt∂m hnIr-Xn-KpWx kymZnXn arXn-tbm-tK. arXn-tbm-K^ew (aq-∂mw-`m-hw, aq∂mw-`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) arXn-tbm-tK ˛ arXn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ Acn-]-cn-`qXx ˛ i{Xp-°-fm¬ Ah-am-n-°-s∏-´-h≥ kl-P-hn-lotm ˛ ktlm-Z-c-cn-√m-Ø-h≥ akn hnet÷m ˛ a- n¬ e÷-bn-√m-Ø-h≥
  • 149. ^eZo]nI 144 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly lX-_-e-hnØx ˛ _ehpw [hpw in-®-h≥ Ap-Nn-X-I¿Ωm ˛ DNn-X-a-√mØ I¿Ω-߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ {ia-]-cn-Jnt∂m ˛ A≤m-w-sIm≠p £oWn-®-h≥ hnIr-Xn-KpWx ˛ hn]-co-X-kz`mhKp-W-ß-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥. (61) amXr-hm-l--kp-l-r-’p-J-`qjm _‘p-`n-¿hnc-lnXx ÿnXn-iqyx ÿm-am-{in-X-a-t lXw kymXv Ipkv{Xn-bm-a-`n-cXx Iplp-tbm-tK. Iplp-tbm-K-^ew (memw-`m-hw, memw-`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) Iplp-tbm-tK ˛ Iplp-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ amXrhm-l-kp-l-rXv ˛ amXmh v , hmlw, -kplr-Øp-°ƒ- kp-J `qjm _‘p-`n-x ˛ kpJw, -B`-c-W-߃, _‘p-°ƒ hnc-lnX ˛ F∂nh C√m-Ø-h≥ ÿnXn-iqyx ˛ ÿnXn (sXm-gn¬)- C√m-Ø-h≥ ÿm-am-{in-X-a-t lXw ˛ B{i-b-ÿmw jvS-s∏-´-h≥ Ipkv{Xn-bm-a-`n-cXx ˛ NoØ- kv{Xo-I-fn¬ Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≈-h≥ (62) ZpxJ-Po-hy-r-X-hm-K-hn-thIo h©tIm arX-kp-tXm- f ]y--]Xyx mkvXn-tIm f ¬]-IpP-w- `-P-tX f ku Lkvatcm `hXn ]ma-c-tbm-tK. ]ma-c-tbmKw (A©mw`m-hw, A©mw-`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) ]ma-c-tbm-tK ˛ ]ma-c-tbm-KØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ZpxJ-Po-hn ˛ ZpJnX≥ -Ar-X-hm-Iv ˛ AkXyw ]d-bp-∂-h≥ - Ahn-thIo ˛ Ahn-thIn h©tIm - ˛ h©-I≥ arX-kp-X A]n A--]Xyx ˛ a°ƒ D≠mhmXncn°pI, D≠mbm¬Øs∂ acn®pt]mhpI. mkvXn-tIm ˛ mkvXn-I≥ A¬]- IpP-w-`-P-tcku ˛ A¬∏-tcbpw Zp¿÷--ß-tfbpw tkhn-°p-∂-h≥ LkvXtcm ˛ Xo‰-s°m-Xn-b≥, AXym¿Øn
  • 150. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 145 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (63) kpJ-t`m-K-`m-Ky-Zr-V-Km-{X-kw-bptXm nlXm-lntXm `hXn ]m]-`o-cpIx {]Yn-X-{]-[m--P--h-√t`m [˛ ZypXn-an-{X-Io¿ØnkpX-hmw› l¿jPx. l¿j-tbm-K^ew (Bdmw`m-hw, Bdmw-`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) l¿jPx. ˛ l¿j-tbm-K-Øn≥ Pn-®-h≥ kpJ-t`m-K ˛ kpJ-t`m-K-߃ `m-Ky ˛ `m-Kyw - Zr-V-Km-{X ˛ IcpØp≈ icocw kw-bpt‡m ˛ Ch-bp-≈-h≥ nln-Xm-lntXm ˛ CjvS-an-√m-Ø-hsc, i{Xp°sf, Iog-S°p-∂-h≥ ]m]-`o-cpIx ˛ ]m]w-sN-øp∂ Imcy-Øn¬ `ocp {]Yn-X-{]-[m--P--h-√t`m ˛ {]kn-≤-cpw {][m-n-I-fpambhcpsS mb-I≥ [ZypXn-an-{XIo¿ØnkpX-hm≥ N ˛ [hpw Im¥nbpw an{Xßfpw Io¿Ønbpw a°-fpw D-≈-hpw `hXn ˛ BIp-∂p. (64) kz]-Xvo-hn-tbmKw ]c-kv{Xo-c-Xo-—mw Zpcm-tem-I-a-≤zm-k-©m-c-hrØnx {]ta-lm-Zn- Kp-lym-¿-Øn-ap¿ho-i-]oUmw htZ-±p-jvIrXu _‘p-[n-°m-c-tim-Iw. ZpjvIr-Xn-tbm-K^ew (Ggmw`m-hw, Ggmw-`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) Zp-jvIrXu ˛ ZpjvIr-Xn-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ kz]-Xvo-hn-tbmKw ˛ `mcym-hn-tbmKw ]c-kv{Xo-c-Xo- ˛ ]ckv{Xo _‘w Zpcm-tem-I ˛ ImgvNi‡n Ipdhv A-≤zm- ˛ A≤mw k-©m-c-hrØnx ˛ bm{Xmt¢iw {]ta-lm-Zn ˛ {]talw XpSßnbh -Kp-lym-¿-Øn ˛ KplytcmKw - D¿ho-i-]oUmw ˛ cmPtIm]w _‘p-[n-°m-c-tim-Iw. ˛ _‘p°ƒ [n°cn®Xns‚ ZpJw
  • 151. ^eZo]nI 146 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (65) Zo¿Lm-bp-jvam≥ ZrV-a-Xn-c-`bx {ioam≥ hnZym-kp-J-[--k-lnXx kn≤m-cwt`m PnX-cn-]p-c-atem hnJym-XmJyx {]`-hXn kc-tf. kc-f-tbm-K^ew (F´mw`mhw, F´mw`mhm[n]Xn) kc-tf ˛ kc-f-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ Zo¿Lm-bp-jvam≥ ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp v ZrV-a-Xn- ˛ ZrV-_p≤n A-`bx ˛ `b-an-√m-Ø-h≥ {ioam≥ ˛ {ioam≥ hnZym-kp-J [- k-lnXx ˛ hnZy, kpJw, -[w Ch-bp-≈-h≥ kn≤m-cwt`m ˛ XpS-ßp-∂-sX√mw tSp-∂-hpw PnX-cn-]p- ˛ i{Xp-°sf Pbn-°p-∂-h≥ A-atem ˛ n¿Ω-e≥ hnJym-XmJyx ˛ {]kn-≤≥ {]`-hXn ˛ (F∂nßs) hncmPn°p-∂p. (66) ]n{Xm¿÷nXt£{X-Kr-lm-Zn-m-i-I-rXv km[q≥ Kpcq≥ nμXn [¿Ω-h¿÷nXx {]Xvm-Xn-Po¿Æmw-_-c-`r® Zp¿§tXm n¿`m-Ky-tbmtK _lp-ZpxJ`mP-x. n¿`mKy-tbm-K^ew (HºXmw`mhw, HºXmw `mhm[n]Xn) n¿`m-Ky-tbmtK ˛ n¿`m-Ky-tbmKØn¬ Pn-®-h≥ ]n{Xm¿÷nX t£{X-Kr-lm-Zn m-i-I-rXv˛ ]nXmhp kºm-Zn® ÿew, hoSv XpS-ßn-bh- in-∏n-°p-∂-h≥ km[q≥ Kpcq≥ nμXn ˛ k÷ßtfbpw Kpcp-m-Y-∑m-tcbpw nμn-°p-∂-h≥ [¿Ω-h¿÷nXx ˛ A[m¿ΩnI≥ {]Xvm-Xn-Po¿Æmw-_-c-`r® ˛ ]g-In-°o-dnb hkv{X-߃ [cn-°p-∂-h≥ Zp¿§tXm ˛ KXn-sI-´-h≥ _lp-ZpxJ`mP-x. ˛ hfsc ZpJ-ß-ƒ°p ]m{Xambh≥
  • 152. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 147 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN (67) ico-c-{]-bmsskx IrXw I¿a bØZv˛ {htP-∂n-jv^-eXzw eLpXzw Ptjp P-t{Zm-l-Imco kzIp-£nw`cnx kym˛ ZP{kw {]hmko N Zptcym-K-Pm-Xx. Zptcym-K-^ew (]Ømw`m-hw, ]Ømw`m-hm-[n-]-Xn)F Zptcym-K-Pm-Xx ˛ Zptcym-K-Øn¬ Pn-®h≥ ico-c-{]-bmsskx ...∂n-jv^-eXzw ˛ sNøp∂Imcy-ßsf√mw n-jv^-e-am-bn-t∏m-Ipw. eLpXzw Ptjp ˛ P-߃°p aXn∏p≠mhpIbn√ P-t{Zm-l-Imco ˛ P-t{Zmln kzIp-£nw`cnx ˛ kz¥w hb¿ nd-bv°p-∂ ImcyØn-¬ am{Xw Xm¬∏cyap≈h≥ AP{kw {]hmko ˛ F∂pw Aym´n¬ hknt°≠nhcp∂h≥ (68) EW-{KkvX Dt{Km Zcn-{Zm-{K-KtWym `thXv I¿-Æ-tcmKo N ku{`m-{X-lox AIm-cy-{]-hrØo ckm-`m-k-hmZo ]c-t{]-jyIx kym±-cn-{Zm-Jy-tbm-tK. Zcn-{Z-tbm-K^ew (]Xnsm∂mw`m-hw, ]Xnsm∂mw`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) Z-cn-{Zm-Jy-tbm-tK ˛ Zcn-{Z-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ EW-{KkvX ˛ IS-s°-Wn-bn¬ s]´-h≥ Dt{Km ˛ D{Kkz`mhw Zcn-{Zm-{K-KtWym ˛ AXn-Z-cn-{Z-≥ I¿-Æ-tcmKo N ˛ I¿-Æ-tcmKn ku{`m-{X-lox ˛ √ -k-tlm-Z-c-∑m-cn-√m-Ø-hpw AIm-cy-{]-hrØo ˛ th≠m-Ø- Imcy-ß-fn¬ sN∂pNmSp-∂-h-pw. ckm-`m-k-hmZo ˛ I]SmSy°mc≥ ]c-t{]-jyIx ˛ a‰p≈hcpsS Zmkythe sNøp∂h≥
  • 153. ^eZo]nI 148 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (69) In-©n-Zzytbm `qcn-[-m-`n-hr≤nw {]bm-Xybw k¿h-P-m-p-Iqeyw kpJo kzXt{¥m al-o-b-hr-Øn¿˛ KpssWx {]XotXm hna-tem-¤-hx -kymXv hna-e-tbm-K-^ew (]{¥mw`m-hw, ]{¥mw`m-hm-[n-]-Xn) hna-tem-¤-h ˛ hna-e-tbm-K-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ In-©n-Xv hytbm ˛ Nnehp Ipdhv (hyb`mhw ApIqew) `qcn-[-m-`n-hr≤nw ˛ hfsc [m-`n-h-r≤n k¿h-P-m-p-Iqeyw ˛ k¿hcptSbpw BpIqeyw kpJo ˛ kpJw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h≥ kzXt{¥m ˛ kzX-{¥≥ al-o-b-hr-Øn ˛ alobamb Imcy߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ KpssWx {]XotXm ˛ kZvKp-W-߃°p t]cp tI´-h≥. - (70) On-{Zm-cn-hy-b-m-bImx {]_-eKmx tI{μ-{Xn-tIm-Wm{inXm e·-thym-a-N-Xp¿∞-`m-Ky-]-Xbx jUvc{‘-cnx-^-ÿnXmx n¿hocym hnK-X-{]`m bZn XZm ZptcymK Gh kvarX˛ kvXZvhykvtX kXn tbmK-hm≥ c-]-Xn¿˛ `q]x kpJo [m¿Ωn-Ix. Hcp ZptcymKhpw ktZymKhpw 1. ZptcymKw On{Z Acn hy-b- m-bImx {]_-eKmx ˛ 8, 6, 12 `mh-m-Y-∑m¿ {]_e-cmbn tI{μ-{Xn-tIm-WB{inXm ˛ tI{μw (1,4,7,10) {XntIm-Ww (5, 9) Ch-bn¬ n¬°pIbpw e·- thym-a-N-Xp¿∞`m-Ky]-Xbx ˛ e·w, ]Øv, mev-, HºXv `mhm-[n-]-∑m¿ n¿hocym hnK-X-{]`m ÿnXmx ˛ Zp¿∫-e-cmbn, civan _e-an-√msX jUv c{‘-cn-^ ˛ Bdv, ]{¥≠v-, F´v Cu `mh-ß-fn¬ n¬°p Ibpw sNbvXm¬ ZptcymK Gh kvarX ˛ AsXmcp ZptcymKamWv
  • 154. PHALADEEPIKA,THEASTROLOGICALCLASSICANDCOMPENDIUMOFINDIANHOROSCOPY, WASWRITTENBYMANTRESWARACHARYSANSKRITIN12/13CENTURYAD. A≤ymbw 6 (tbmKm≤ymbw) 149 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappillyAIN 2. ktZymKw XZv -hytkvX kXn ˛ CXn∂p hn]-co-X-ambn ˛˛ZpÿmmY∑-m¿ Zp¿∫ecmbn Zpÿmßfnepw tI{μ {XntImW mY∑m¿ _ehm∑-mcmbn tI{μ{XntImWßfnepw ˛˛ n∂m¬ tbmK-hm≥ ˛ `mKyhm≥ [-]-Xn¿ ˛ [-hm≥ `q] ˛ cmPmhv kpJo ˛ kpJ-ap-≈-h≥ [m¿Ωn-Ix. - ˛ [m¿Ωn-I≥.
  • 155. ^eZo]nI 150 150150 150 150 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 7 kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃ cmP-hwi-Øn¬ Pn-°p-∂-h¿°p≈ cmPtbmKßsf°pdn®mWv Cn ]dbp-∂Xv. ]mc-ºcycmPm-°-∑mcn√mØ C°m-eØv kmlNcyw hgntbm kz{]-b-Xvw-sImt≠m h∂p tNcm-hp∂ A[n-Im-chpw kºØpw kpJ-ßfpw Cu tbmKßsf-sIm≠p Nn¥n-°-Ww. (1) {XymssZyx tJssSx tkzm®ssKx tI{μ-kwssÿx kz¿£-ssÿ¿hm `q]Xnx kymXv {]kn≤x ]©m-ssZy-kvssX-c-y-hw-i-{]-kqtXm f ˛ ]yp¿Δo-mtYm hmc-Wm-izu-L-bp-‡x. tbmKw 1 (Hcp PmXIØn¬) {XymssZy tJssSx - ˛ aqt∂m mtem {Kl-߃ D®ssK hm kz¿£-ssÿ ˛ D®Øntem kzt£{XØntem n¬°pIbpw tI{μ-kwssÿ ˛ B cminIƒ tI{μ-w (1˛4˛7˛10) BhpIbpw sNøpI (Aßns h∂m¬ Abmƒ) {]kn≤ `q]Xn kymXv ˛ {]kn-≤-mb cmPm-hm-Ipw. tbmKw 2 .ssX - ˛ Ah (Aßnsbp≈ {Kl߃) ]©m-ssZy- ˛ At©m AXn-e-[n-Itam (Ds≠-¶n¬) Ay-hw-i-{]-kqX ˛ cmP-hw-iØn-e√ P--a-s√-¶nepw (AXmbXv, km[m-c-W-°mcmbmepw) hmc-W Aizu-L bp-‡ ˛ BIƒ, IpXn-cIƒ - XpS-ßn-b-h- tbmSpIq-Snb - D¿Δo-mYm ˛ cmPm-hm-Ipw. (2) `q]mx kyp¿r-]-hw-i-PmkvXp bZn Zp˛ tcymtK (1) PmXm-kvXYm ly¥[n¿ln tNXv Icm-±n--Icm ÷mXmx -kv^p-c-t¥yh tX.
  • 156. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 151 151 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION XymssZyx tI{μ-KssXx kzt`m-®-k-ln-ssX¿˛ `qt]m-Zv`hmx ]m¿∞nhmx a¿Øym-kvXz-y-Ip-tem-¤hmx £nXn-]-tX˛ kvXpeymx IZm-Nn-∂r]mx. tbmKw 3 bZn Zp¿tbmtK PmXmx- ˛ P--Øn¬ Zptcym-K-ßsfm∂pans√¶n¬ `q]mx kypx r-]-hw-i-Pmx ˛ cmP-hw-i-Øn-¬ Pn®h≥ cmPmhmIpw. (1) ]mTt`Zw: sIm√w]Xn∏n¬ Zptcym-tK- ˛˛ Zptcym-K-Øn¬ Pn®hmbmepw F∂mWp ImWp∂Xv. tbmKw 4 ly¥[n¿ln tNXv Icm-±n--Icm ÷mXmx -kv^p-c-t¥yh tX ˛ AXn¬Øs∂ {Kl-߃°p auVyw Cs√-¶n¬ tXPkznbmb cmPm-hm-Ipw. tbmKw 5 {XymssZyx - ˛ aqt∂m AXn-e-[n-Itam {Kl-߃°p-- tI{μ-KssXx kz`D®k-ln-ssXx ˛ tI{μÿnXnbpw AtXm-sSm∏w kzt£{XÿnXntbm, D®ÿnXntbm IqSn-bp-s≠-¶n¬ `qt]m-Zv`hmx ˛ cmP-hw-i-P-m-sW-¶n¬ ]m¿∞nhm ˛ cmPm-hm-Ipw. A-y-Ip-tem-¤hmx a¿Øym-kvXp˛ cmP-hw-i-Ps√-¶n¬°qSn Cu tbmK-ß-fp-s≠-¶n¬ £nXn-]-tX Xpeymx ˛ cmPm-hnp Xpeytm IZm-NnXv r]mx ˛ Nne-t∏mƒ cmPmthm BIpw. (3) btZy-tIm f ]n hncm-PnXmwipn-I-c-x kp-ÿm-tKm h{ItKm oN-tÿm f ]n(1) ItcmXn `q]-kZriw Zzu hm {Xtbm hm {Klmx
  • 157. ^eZo]nI 152 152152 152 152 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Ghw tN÷--b¥n `q]Xnaao ikvXmwi cmin-ÿn-Xm kZz-t®-Zv _lthm r]w ka-Ip-S-˛ -O-t{Xm-√-k-®m-a-cw. tbmKw 7 bZn G-I A]n ˛ Hcp {Klsa¶nepw- oN-ÿ A]n ˛ AXp oN-Øn-em-sW¶n¬t∏mepw (1) Awipn-I-c ˛ civan-_-e-tØmsS- kp-ÿm-tKm ˛ ip`ÿmØpw (6˛8˛12 Hgn®p≈h ip`w) h{ItXm ˛ h{I-Ønepw hncm-PnX ˛ hncm-Pn-°p∂psh¶n¬ `q]-Xn-kZriw ItcmXn {Klmx ˛ cmPm-hnp Xpeyw {]Xm]w ¬Ip∂p. (1) oNÿntXm]nF∂Xnv oNIpSpw_Øn¬ Pn®m¬t∏mepw F∂ A¿∞amWv sImSpß√q¿]Xn∏n¬ sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. . oNÿnXn km[mcWKXnbn¬ cmin ÿnXnsb ImWn°p∂XmWv. tbmKw 8 .Zzu hm {Xtbm hm {Klmx ˛ c≠v As√-¶n¬ aq∂v {Kl-߃ Ghw ˛ C{]-Imcw ikvXmwi cmin-ÿn-Xm ˛ ip`-cm-iyw-i-ß-fn¬ n¬°p-tºmƒ P-b¥n `q]Xnaao ˛ Pn-®m¬ cmPmhv BIpw. tbmKw 9 XZz-t®-Zv _-lthm ˛ Cßs _e-ap≈ IqSp-X¬ {Kl-߃ Hcp PmX-I-Øn¬ Ccp-∂m¬ ka-Ip-S -O-{X Nm-a-cw r]w ek-Xv ˛ Inco-Sw, sh¨sIm-‰-°pS, sh©m-acw Ch-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb cmPm-hmbn ]cn-e-kn-°pw. (4) Zzu hm {XymZym ZnKv_-e-bp‡m bZn PmXx £vam`r-Zzwti `qan-]-Xn-x kym-÷-b-ioex lnXzm aμw ]©-JKm ZnKv_-e-bp-‡m˛ ›Xzmtcm hm `q]-Xn-c-ym-z-btPm f ]n. tbmKw 10 Zzu hm {XymZym ˛ c≠v As√-¶n¬ aq∂p {Kl-߃
  • 158. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 153 153 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION ZnIv_-e- bp‡m* ˛ ZnKv_-e-ap-≈-hcm-sW-¶n¬ £vam`r-Zzwti bZn PmXx ˛ £{Xn-b-hw-i-Øn¬ Pn-®m¬ P-b-ioex `qan-]-Xn- kymXv- ˛ Pb-io-e-ap≈ cmPmhv BIpw tbmKw 11 lnXzm aμw ˛ in- Hgn®v NXzmtcm hm ]©-JKm ˛ mev As√-¶n¬ A©v {Kl-߃°p ZnKv_-e-bp-‡m ˛ ZnIv_-e-ap-≈-t∏mƒ Pn-®m¬ -A-y Az-btPm A]n ˛ Ay-hw-i-Øn¬ Pn-®mepw `q]Xn ˛ cmPm-hm-Ipw. * Zn-Iv_ew: (A≤ymbw 4, t«mIw 2) {Klw `mhw chn, IpP≥ 10 N{μ≥, ip{I≥ 4 _p[≥, hymygw 1 in 7 (`mh-a-≤y-Øn¬ ]q¿Æ-Zn-Iv _-ew) (5) KtWm-Øta e·--hmw-i-tIm-ZvKta nim-I-c-›m]n KtWm-Øta f ]n hm NXp¿{K-ssl-›-{μ-hn-h¿÷n-ssX-kvXZm nco-£nXx kymZ-[-tam-¤thm r]x. tbmKw 12 KtWm-Øta e·--hmw-i-tIm-ZvKta ˛ e·w h¿t§m-Ø-a-hmw-i-Øn¬ Bbn-cn-°pI, nim-I-c-x N A]n KtWm-Øta]n hm ˛ As√¶n¬ N{μ≥ h¿t§m-Ø-a- hmw-i-Øn¬ Bbn-cn-°pI, N-{μ-hn-h¿÷n-ssX NXp¿{K-ssl ˛ (AhntSbv°p) N{μsmgn®v mep- {K-l-ß-fm¬ nco-£nXx kymXv ˛ tm°-s∏-SpI CXp c≠pw HØp h∂m¬ A-[-tam-¤thm r]x. --˛ Xmgv∂ Ipe-Øn¬ Pn-®mepw cmPm-hm-Ipw. (6) hne-t·ix tIt{μ bZn X]kn h¿t§m-Ø-a-KXx 238
  • 159. ^eZo]nI 154 154154 154 154 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly kzXpwtK kz¿t£ hm Kpcp-]-Xn-c]n kymZyZn XYm KPkvIt‘ Im¿Ø-kz-c-Ir-X-hn-am-t f Xn kpjta kpJm-kow `q]w P-bXn ek-®m-a-c-bp-Kw. tbmKw 13, tbmKw 14 hne-t·ix tIt{μ X]kn ˛ e·m-[n-]≥ tI{μ-Øntem HºXntem h¿t§m-Ø-a-KX ˛ h¿t§m-Ø-amwi-Øn¬ n¬°p-I, hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ Kpcp-]-Xn- A]n kymXv bZn ˛ Hº-Xmw-`m-hm-[n-]≥ kzXpwtK kz¿t£ ˛ D®--Øntem kzt£-{X-Øntem n¬°pI, XYm ˛ C{]-Imcw h∂m¬ KPkvIt‘ ˛ B-∏p-dØv Im¿Ø-kz-c-Ir-X- ˛ kz¿Æw sIm≠p≈ kpjta hn-am-tXn ˛ atm-l-c-amb hml-Øn¬ ek-®m-a-c-bp-Kw ˛ sh©m-acßtfmsS kpJm-kow `q]w ˛ kkpJw hmgp∂ cmPmhv BIpw. (7) njm-Z-a]n ]m¿∞nhw P-b-Xo-μp-cp-®-kz-`˛ ÿnX-{K-l-n-co-£ntXm [h-f-Im-¥n-Pm-tem-÷zex hnlmb Xp`w Iem-kv^p-cnX ]q¿Æ-Im-¥n-»io NXp-jvS-b-KtXm r]w P-bXn Zzn]mizm-zn-Xw. tbmKw 15 njm-Zw A]n - ˛ Pw Im´m-f-Ipe-Øn-em-bmepw P-bXn ˛ PØn¶¬ [h-f-Im-¥n-Pm-tem-÷zex ˛ sh◊-tbmsS Pzen-°p∂ Cμp- ˛ N{μv (]q¿Æ N{μv ) D-® -kz-` ÿnX ˛ D®w, kzt£{Xw Ch-bn¬ n¬°p∂ -{K-l-n-co-£ntXm ˛ {Kl-ß-fpsS ZrjvSn-bp-s≠-¶n¬ ]m¿∞nhw ˛ cmPmhv BIpw. tbmKw 16 Iem-kv^p-cnX]q¿Æ-Im-¥n-x iin ˛ civan-_eap≈ N{μ≥ (]q¿ÆN{μ≥) hnlmb Xp`w ˛ e·w Hgn®p≈ NXp-jvS-b-KtXm ˛ GsX-¶nepw tI{μ-Øn¬ n∂m¬ Zzn] Aiz Azn-Xx. r]w ˛ B-Ifpw IpXn-c-Ifpw D≈ cmPm-hmIpw.
  • 160. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 155 155 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION (8) Aizn-ym-ap-Z-b-KtXm `rKp¿{Ktl-ss{μ¿˛ ZrjvS-t›÷--bXn `q]Xnw PnXmcnw oNm-cn-Krl-a-]-lmb hnØ-kw-tÿ et·-i- l Ihnm _eo N `q]w. tbmKw 17 Aizn-ym-w D-Z-b-KtXm `rKp ˛ Aiz-Xn- e·ambn ip{I≥ AXn¬ n¬°pI, {Ktl-ss{μ ZrjvS tNXv ˛ B ip{Ip ip`{Kl-ZrjvSnbp≠mIpI Ch HØp h∂m¬ PnXmcnw `q]Xnw P--bXn ˛ i{Xp-°sf Pbn-°p∂ cmPm-hmIpw. tbmKw 18 et·-i-oNAcn-Kr-lwA]-lmb ˛ e·m-[n-]-≥ oN-cm-in-ÿnXnbpw i{Xp-t£{X-ÿnXn-bpw C√msX Ihnm kl ˛ ip{ItmSp-IqSn _eo N ˛ _e-hm-mbn hnØ-kw-tÿ ˛ c≠n¬ n∂m¬ `q]w ˛ cmPm-hm-Ipw. 9) `ua-t›-Z-P-lcnNm]-e-·-kwÿx ]rYzoiw Ie-bXn an{X-tJ-S-ZrjvSx I¿tatim h-a-K-X› `mKy-mtYm a≤ytÿm `hXn rt]m Pssx {]i-kvXx. tbmKw 19 AP- lcn Nm] -e-·- ˛ taSw, Nnßw, [p Chbnsem∂p e·-ambn AXn¬ an{X-tJ-S-ZrjvS ˛ an{X-{K-l-ß-fpsS ZrjvSn-tbmsS (cNKp) `ua-t›Xv ˛ IpP≥ kwtÿm ˛ ÿnXn-sN-bvXm¬ ]r∞oiw Ie-bXn ˛ cmPm-hmIpw.
  • 161. ^eZo]nI 156 156156 156 156 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly tbmKw 20 I¿tΩtim h-a-K-X› ˛ ]Ømw-`m-hm-[n-]Xn Hº-Xnepw `mKy-mtYm a≤ytÿ ˛ HºXmw `mhm-[n-]≥ ]Ønepw n∂m¬ rt]m `hXn Pssx {]ikvXx ˛ P-{]-i-kvX-mb cmPm-hm-Ipw. (10) Nm]m¿t≤ `K-hm≥ kl-{k-In-c-W˛ -kvX-ss{Xh Xmcm-[nt]m et· `mp-kp-tXm f Xn-ho-cy-k-ln-X˛ - t zmt® N `q-μx btZyhw `hXn £ntX-c-[n-]-Xn-x kw-{inXy Zqcw `b-˛ - {XkvXm Gh a¥n bky -cn-]thm ZKv≤mx {]Xm-]m-·n-m. tbmKw 21 Nm]m¿t≤ `K-hm≥ kl-{k-In-c-W-x- ˛ [phns‚ BZy-]-Ip-Xn-bn¬ kqcypw Xss{Xh Xmcm-[nt]m N{μpw et· `mp-kp-tXm AXn-ho-cy-k-ln-X˛ e·Øn¬ AXn_ehm-mbn in- tkzmt® N `q-μx ˛ IpP≥ D®-Øn¬ btZyhw `hXn ˛ Ch HØp-h-∂m¬ £ntX-c-[n-]-Xnx kw-{inXy Zqcw `bm-Xv {XkvXm Gh a¥n bky-cn-]thm ZKv≤mx {]Xm-]m-·n-m. ˛ {]Xm-]m-·n-bn¬ Zln-®p-t]m-Iptam F∂ `b-tØmsS i{Xp-°ƒ AI∂p amdn n∂p a-kv°-cn-°p∂ {]Xm-]n-bmb cmPm-hmIpw. (11) kp[m-ar-Wm-tfm-]-a-_nw-_-tim-`nXx iio hmwti fn-o-{]n-bky bZn £nXotim _lp-l-kvXn-]q¿Æx ip`m› tIt{μjp ]m]-bp-‡mx. tbmKw 22 kp[mar-Wm-tfm-]-a-_nw-_tim-`nXx iio˛ sh≈-Øm-a-c-∏qt]mse tim`n-°p∂ _nw_-tØm-Sp-IqSnb N{μ≥ - -(]q¿ÆN-{μ≥) fn-o-{]n-bky hmwti ˛ kqcyhmw-i-Ønepw (NnßØnepw) ip`m› ˛ ip`-{K-l-߃
  • 162. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 157 157 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION f ]m]-bp-‡mx. ˛ ]m]-{K-l-tbm-K-an-√msX tIt{μjp ˛ tI{μ-ß-fnepw ÿnXn-sN-øp∂p bZn ˛ F¶n¬ _lp-l-kvXn-]q¿Æx ˛ hfsc B-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb £nXotim ˛ cmPmhv BIpw. (12) oNm-cn-h¿§-c-ln-ssX¿hn-l-ssKkv{Xn-`nkvXp kzmwtim-]-ssK¿_ebpssXx ip`-Zr-jvSn-PpjvssSx tKm£o-c-iw-J-[-htfm arK-em-RvO-› kymZ-ky- P-∑n k `qan-]-Xn¿÷n-Xm-cnx. tbmKw 23 oNAcnh¿§c-ln-ssX ˛ oNtam i{Xph¿§ÿnXntbm C√mØ - hn-l-ssK {Xn`nkvXp ˛ aq∂p {Kl-߃ kzmwtim-]ssK ˛ kzhmwißfn¬, _e-bpssX- ˛ _e-hm-∑m-cmbn ip`-Zr-jvSn-PpjvssS ˛ ip`-{K-l-Zr-jvSn-tbmsS n¬°pIbpw tKm£o-ciw-J-[-htfm arK-em-RvO-› ˛]ip-hn≥ ]m¬, iwJv Ch-t]mse sh◊bp≈ N{μ≥ (]q¿Æ-N-{μ-≥) kymZ-ky- P-∑n ˛ e·Øn¬ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ k Pn-Xm-cnx `qan-]-Xn ˛ Ah≥ i{Xp-tP-Xm-hmb cmPm-hm-Ipw. (13) Ipap-Z-Ip-kp-a-_-‘pw t{ijvT-awiw(1) {]]∂w bZn _e-k-ap-t]Xw ]iyXn thyma-Nmco DZ-b-`-h--kwÿx ]m]-kw-t⁄m f ]n ssNhw `hXn ap-P-mY km¿Δ-`u-a- p-tZl. (1) ]mTt`Zw ˛t{ijvTawKw tbmKw 24 t{ijvT-awiw{]]∂w ˛ t{ijvTamb AwisØ ˛ AwKsØ ˛ ˛ ]£_esØ {]m]n® Ipap-Z-Ip-kp-a-_-‘pw ˛ N{μs DZb`hkwÿx ˛ e·Øn¬ nv¬°p∂ _ekapt]Xx thymaNmco ˛ _ehmmb Hcp {Klw bZn ]iyXn ˛ tm°p∂psh¶n¬ km¿Δ-`u-a kp-tZl ap-P-mY ˛ k¿Δ`qanbptSbpw A-[n-]pw
  • 163. ^eZo]nI 158 158158 158 158 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ZrV-Km-{Xpw Bb cmPmhmIpw. “...]m]-kw-t⁄m f ]n ssNhw ” F∂Xnv “ e·Øn¬ ]m]¿ ]mSn√ ” F∂ A¿∞amWv Zn√n ]Xn∏pIfn¬ sImSpØncn°pXv. aebmfw ]Xn∏pIfn¬ ”e·Øn¬ nv¬°p∂ {Klw ]m]mbncp∂mepw ” F∂ hn]coXm¿∞hpw ImWp∂p. (14) Pothm _pt[m `rKp-kp-tXm f Y nim-Itcm hm [¿tΩ hnip-≤-`-ht(1) kv^pSc-ivan-Pmemx anss{X¿n-co-£n-X-bpXm bZn kqXn-Imte Ip¿h¥n tZh-k-Zriw r]Xnw alm-¥w. (1) ]mT-t`Zw hnip-≤-X-hx tbmKw 25 kqXn-Imte ˛ {]khkabØp Pothm _pt[m `rKp-kp-tXm nim-Itcm˛ hymgw, _p[≥, ip{I≥, N{μ≥ Ch-cn-sem-cp {Klw hnip-≤-`-ht [¿tΩ ˛ ip`-`-h--amb Hº-Xn¬ kv^pS-c-ivan-Pmemx ˛ civan-_-e-tØmsS n¬°pIbpw anss{X n-co-£n-X- ˛ an{X-{K-l-Øns‚ ZrjvSntbm bpXm ˛ tbmKtam D≠m-hpIbpw bZn ˛ sNøp-∂psh¶n¬ (Ch HØp h∂m¬) tZh-k-Zriw alm¥w r]Xnw Ip¿h¥n ˛ tZh-Xp-ey-pw almpw -Bb cmPm-hm-Ipw. (15) ipt{IUyu khn-Xp-x in-ip-kvXn-an-bptK tkzmt® N ]q¿Æ-»io ZrjvSkv{Xo{hhn-tem-N-t Zn-Ir-t∑-tjm-Z-tb f ku r]x tkm-bm-›-e-t tcWp-]-S-ssecyky {]arjvtS chm˛ hkvX-{`m-¥n-k-am-Ipem Ia-eno kt¶m-N-am-K-—-Xn. tbmKw 26 ip{I CuUy khnXpxinip Xn-an-bptK ˛ ip{I≥, hymgw, in Ch¿ ao-Ønepw, ]q¿Æ-x iio tkzmt® N ˛ ]q¿Æ-N-{μ≥ D®-Ønepw, Zn-IrXv ˛ kqcyp ZrjvS {Xo{hhn-tem-N-t ˛ IpP-Zr-jvSnbpw,- ta-jw D-Z-bw ˛ taSwe·amhpIbpw sNbvXm¬ (Ch HØp h∂m¬) r]x ˛ cmPmhv BIpw. Ct±-l-Øns‚˛˛ tkm-bm ˛ tk-I-fpsS -N-e-t ˛ o°w-sIm≠v s]mßp∂
  • 164. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 159 159 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION tcWp-]-S-sse ˛ s]mSn-]-S-eØm¬ {]arjvtS ({]-hn-jvtS) chm ˛ aßnb kqcy-s-°≠v AkvX-{`m-¥n-k-am-Ipem ˛ AkvX-a--am-bn-sb∂ {`m¥n ({`aw) aqew Ia-eno ˛ Xma-c∏qhnp kt¶m-N-am-K-—-Xn ˛ kt¶m-Nw hcp-∂p. (Iqºp-∂p.) (Cu cmPm-hn‚ sskyw am¿®vsNbvXp t]mIp-tºmƒ Db-cp∂ s]mSn-]-S-ew-sIm≠p kqcy≥ ad-bp-Ibpw AXp I≠v AkvX-a-b-am-bn-sb∂p IcpXn Xma-c-∏q-hp-Iƒ Iqºm≥ XpS-ßp-Ibpw sNøp-sa∂p kmcw. hf-sc-tbsd ssky-ap≈ cmPm-hm-Ip-sa-∂¿∞w.) (16) oNm-cn-ssÿ-ccn`-h-ssKx jjvTZp›n-XvIssK¿hm kutay(1) tkzm®w ]c-ap-]-K-ssX¿n¿Ωssex tI{μ-ssK¿hm B⁄mw bmtX inin-c-In-ctW I¿-°-Stÿ nim-bm˛ taI-—{Xw {Xn`p-h--anZw bky k £{Xn-tbix. (1) ]mTt^Zw: ]mss]x ˛ sNdph≈n tbmKw 27 (1) oNAcnssÿ `-hssKx jjvTZp›n-XvIssKx- ˛ oNØntem i{Xp-t£{XØntem n¬°p∂ {KlßfpsS ÿnXn 3˛6˛11 Ifn¬ (Zpÿmßfn¬) BhpI (2) kussayx tkzm®w ]c-ap-]-K-ssXn¿Ωssex tI{μ-ssKx ˛ ip`-{K-l-߃ D®-Øn¬ n¬°pI, B D®w tI{μ-amhpIbpw sNøpI (3) nim-bmw ˛ Pw cm{XbnemhpI (2) inin-c-In-ctW I¿-°-Stÿ B⁄mw bmtX ˛ N{μ≥ I¿°-S-Iw ]Ømw`mhambn -AXn¬ n¬°pI, (Ch HØp h∂m¬) GI-—{Xw {Xn`p-h--anZw £{Xn-tbix. ˛ H‰ IpS-°o-gn¬ aq∂p temIhpw `cn-°p∂ cmPm-hm-Ipw. (17) h¿t§m-Øta lna-I-c-x kIcx (1) ÿntXmwti Ipcym-∑-lo-]-Xn-a-]q¿h-b-tim-`n-cmaw bkym-iz-hr-μ-Jp-c-Lm-X-c-tPm-`n`qtXm `mpx {]`m-X-i-intm f pI-tcmXn cq]w. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ kIe 244
  • 165. ^eZo]nI 160 160160 160 160 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly tbmKw 28 h¿t§m-Øta lna-I-cx k-Icx ÿntXmwti˛ N{μ≥ h¿t§ma-ØamwiØn¬ civan_e-tØmsS n¬°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ A-]q¿h- b-tim-`n-cmaw a-lo-]-Xn ˛ A]q¿h-Io¿Øn-bp≈ cmPmhv BIpw. bky A-iz-hr-μ Jp-c-Lm-X c-tPm-`n`qtXm˛ C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ IpXn-c-I-fpsS Ipf-ºp-Iƒ X´n Dbcp∂ s]mSn-]-S-e-Øm¬ `mpx {]`m-X-i-intm ApI-tcmXn cq]w ˛ kqcy≥ {]`m-X-Ønse N{μ-s-t∏mse njv{]-`-am-Ipw. (18) tI{μKu ln bZn Pohiim¶u bky P∑n N `m¿§-h-ZrjvSu `q]-Xn¿`-hXn tkm f Xpe-Io¿Øn¿˛ oNtKm bZn I›n-Znl kymXv. tbmKw 29 bky P∑n ˛ BcpsS P--ØnemtWm `m¿§-h-ZrjvSu Poh iim¶u ˛ ip{I-ZrjvSntbmsS hymghpw N{μpw bZn tI{μKu k ˛ tI{μ-Øn¬ ÿnXn-sNøp-∂X,v Ah≥ AXpe-Io¿Øn `q]-Xn `-hXn ˛ henb Io¿Ønammb cmPmhmIpw. bZn oNtKm ˛ Cu ÿnXn oN-ØnemsW-¶n¬ I›n-Znl kymXv ˛ - tbmK^-e-an-√. 19) PeNc-cm-in- -hmw-iI Cμp˛ kvXp-`-ht ip`Zx kzI-h¿t§ k ip`-Icx (1) Jep I≠-Ibpt‡m(2) `hXn rt]m _lp-hm-c-W-m-Yx. ]mT-t`Zw (1) Aip-`-Ic (2) I≠-I-lo-tm. (I]q¿) * tbmKw 30 PeNc-cm-in --hmw-iI ˛ PecminIfn¬ (I¿°-S-Iw, aI-cw, aow) H∂p hmwiambn ip`Zx kzI-h¿t§ ˛ kzh¿§_etØmsSbpw ip`-Icx ˛ civan_etØmsSbpw Cμp ˛ N{μ≥ Xp-`-ht ˛ e·Øn¬ n¬°pI; I≠-I-bpt‡m -˛ (AXs√-¶n¬ Cßs _ehmmbn) 245
  • 166. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 161 161 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION tI{μßfnsem∂n¬ n¬°p-I, Cßs h∂m¬ _lp-hm-c-W-m-Yx. ˛ AtIw B-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb rt]m `hXn ˛ cmPmhv BIpw. *I]qdns‚ hymJymw If at birth the Moon be in a watery sign and Navamsa identical with Lagna and also be in his own or benefic Varga, with no malefics in Kendra, the native becomes a King owning manyelephants. Z£ntW¥y≥ hymJymßfn¬ Aip`Ic≥ ip`Icpw, I≠Ilow I≠I bp‡hpw BWv. AXmWv icnsb∂p tXm∂p∂p. (20) ipt{Im Poh-n-co-£ntXm hnX-ptX `qt]m-¤hw `q]Xnw tZthtUym arK`w hnlmb XptKm atØ-`-bp‡w r]w tIt{μ P∑-]-Xn¿∫-em-[n-I-bpXx Ipcym-≤-cn-{Xo-]Xnw ZrjvtS hmIv]-Xnm _pt[ Z[Xn ]r∞zo-im® X—m-k-w. tbmKw 31 ---- ˛ 34 Poh ipt{I n-co-£ntX ˛ ip{Ip hymgZrjvSnbps≠¶n¬ hnX-ptX `qt]m-¤hw `q]Xnw ˛ kzXx-kn-≤-cm-P-tbm-K-amWv. arK`w hnlmb XptKm ˛ aIcw Hgn®v Hcp cmin e·-amhpIbpw AXn¬ tZthtUym ˛ hymgw n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ atØ-`-bp‡w r]w ˛ B-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb cmPm-hv BIpw. P∑-]-Xn _-em-[n-I-bpXx ˛ e·m-[n-]≥ _e-hm-mbn tIt{μ Ipcym-Xv [-cn-{Xo-]Xnw ˛ tI{μ-Øn¬ n∂m¬ cmPm-hm-Ipw. hmIv]-Xnm _pt[ ZrjvtS ˛ _p[p hymgZrjvSnbps≠¶n¬ X—m-k-w ]r∞zo-im® Z[Xn ˛ Ahs‚ I¬∏ cmPm-°-∑mcpw Ap-k-cn-°pw. (21) GtIm f ]yp®-t£-{XtKm an{X-ZrjvSx IpcymXv `q]w an{X-tbm-Km-≤-mVyw kzmwti kqtcy kz¿£-K-›-{μamt› t±im-[oiw kmiz-mKw hn[-tØ. tbmKw 35 GI A]n ˛ GsX-¶nepw Hcp {Klw D®-t£-{XtKm ˛ D®-Øn¬ n¬ °p-Ibpw an{X-ZrjvSx ˛ AXnp an{X-ZrjvSn 246
  • 167. ^eZo]nI 162 162162 162 162 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Ipcym¬ ˛ D≠m-hpIbpw sNbvXm¬ `q]w ˛ Abmƒ cmPm-hm-Ipw. an{X-tbm-Km-≤-mVyw ˛ an{X-tbm-K-am-Wv D≈sX¶n¬ [m-Vy-mIpw. tbmKw 36 kqtcy ˛ kqcy≥ kzmwti ˛ Xs‚ Awi-I-Ønepw N-{μam ˛ N{μ≥ kz¿£-Kx- ˛ kzt£-{X-Ønepw n¬°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ kmiz-mKw ˛ IpXn-c-I-tfmSpw -B-ItfmSpw IqSnb tZim-[oiw ˛ cmPmhv BIpw. (22) aot ]q¿Æ-tPym-Xnjn an{X-K-l-ZrjvtS Nt{μ temIm--μ-I-c- ym-∂r-]-apJyx ]q¿Æ-tPymXnx tkzm®-K-X-t›Øp-ln-mw-ip˛ kvXymKm-[nIyw k÷--ikvXw PK-Zo-iw. tbmKw 37 Nt{μ ]q¿Æ-tPym-Xnjn -˛ ]q¿Æ-N-{μ≥ an{X-{K-l-ZrjvtS ˛ an{X-Zr-jvSn-tbmsS aot ˛ ao-Øn¬ n∂m¬ temIm--μ-I-c-kymXv ˛ temIm--μ-I-c-amb r-]-apJy ˛ cmP-ap-Jy-m-Ipw. tbmKw 38 ]q¿Æ-tPymXnx -Xp-ln-mw-ip ˛ ]q¿ÆN{μ≥ tkzm®-K-X- ˛ D®-Øn¬ (CShØn¬) n∂m¬ k÷--ikvXw ˛ k÷--ßfm¬ {]iw-kn-°-s∏-Sp∂ PK-Zo-iw ˛ cmPm-hm-Ipw. D®cminbn¬ n¬°p∂ ]q¿ÆN{μ≥ civan°pdhp≈hmbncp∂mepw k÷ßfm¬ ]pIgvØs∏Sp∂hpw Zmioepw Bb temIm[n]Xnbmbn `hn°pw F∂mWv sIm√w ]Xn∏n¬ ImWpXv. 247
  • 168. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 163 163 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION (23) ]m]m-kv{Xn-i-{Xp-`-hKm bZn P∑-m-Ym˛ √·m-≤t IpP-_p[u ln_p-tI f ¿°-ip{Iu I¿Ωm-b-e-·-k-lnXmx IpP-a-μ-Po-hm˛ kvXPv⁄m hZ¥n NXp-c-kvXznl cmP-tbm-Km≥. tbmKw 39 ˛ 42 ]m]m-x {Xni-{Xp`-hKm bZn P∑-m-Ym¬ ˛ e·m-[n-]-n¬n∂pw 3, 6, 11 - `mhß-fnembn ]m]-∑m¿ n¬°p-I e·m-Xv [t ˛ e·-Øn¬n∂pw c≠n¬ IpP-_p[u ˛ IpPpw _p[-pw-IqSn n¬°pI ln_p-tI A¿° -ip{Iu ˛ men¬ kqcypw ip{Ipw IqSn n¬°pI I¿Ω B-b -e-·- k-lnXmw ˛ 10, 11, e·w Ch-I-fn¬ {Ia-Øn¬ IpP -a-μ -Po-h ˛ IpP≥, in, hymgw F∂n-h¿ n¬°pI ˛ Cßs h∂m¬ ⁄m NXp-c-kvXznl cmP-tbm-Km≥ hZ¥n˛ hnZzm-∑m¿ mep Xc-Øn-ep≈ cmP-tbm-K-߃ ]d-bp∂p. (24) Nt{μ f Xnan-{XmwiKtX kpZrjvtS ipt{IW e£vaok-lntXm r]- ymXv XYm-ÿntX hmk-h-a-{¥n-ZrjvtS ]q¿tÆm [cn{Xnw ]cn-]m-e-tb-’x. tbmKw 43 AXnan-{XmwiKtX Nt{μ ˛ AXn-an-{Xmw-iØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ ipt{IW kpZrjvtS ˛ ip{I-m¬ tm°-s∏-´m¬ e£vaok-lntXm r]- ymX ˛ sFiz-cy-hm-mb r]-m-Ipw. tbmKw 44 .XYm-ÿntX ˛ Aßsbp≈ N{μs hmk-h-a-{¥n-ZrjvtS ˛ hymgw tm°n-bm¬ ]q¿tÆm [cn{Xnw ]cn-]m-e-tb-Xv k˛ `qan apgp-h≥ ]men-°pw. (25) emt`-i-[¿tΩ-i-[-t-iz-cm-Wm˛
  • 169. ^eZo]nI 164 164164 164 164 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly tatIm]n N{μ-{K-l-tI-{μ-h¿Øo kz]p-{X-em-`m-[n-]-Xn¿Kp-cp-t›˛ ZJ-fikm-{am-Py-]-Xn-Xz-ta-Xn. tbmKw 45 emt`-i- [¿tΩ-i [-t-iz-cm-Wmw ˛ 11, 9, 2 `mhm-[n-]cn¬ GtIm]n ˛ Hcmƒ N{μ-{K-l -tI-{μ-h¿Øo ˛ N{μs‚ tI{μ-Øn¬ n¬°pIbpw, kz]p-{Xem-`m-[n-]-Xn ˛ 2, 5, 11 `mh-ß-fn-sem-∂ns‚ A[n-]≥ Kp-cp-t›Xv ˛ hymg-am-hpIbpw sNbvXm¬ AJ-WvU-km-{am-Py-]-Xn-Xz-ta-Xn. ˛ AJ-WvU-km-{amPy]Xn-bm-Ipw. oN`wKcmPtbmK߃ (26) oN-ÿntXm P∑n tbm {Klkym˛ Ø{Zm-in-m-tYm f ]n XZp-®-mYx k N-{μ-e-·m-ZyZn tI{μ-h¿Øo cmPm `th-≤m¿Ωn-I-N-{I-h¿Øn. tbmKw 46 oN-ÿntXm P∑n {Kl- kymXv ˛ P--k-a-bØp oN-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-Øns‚ XXv cm-in-m-Y A]n ˛ AXns‚ (oNcmin-bpsS) mYtm XXv D-®-mY ˛ AXns‚ D®-cm-in-bpsS mYtm N-{μ-e-·m-Zv ˛ N{μ-e-·-Øn¬n∂pw bZn tI{μ-h¿Øo ˛ tI{μ-Øn¬ n¬°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ [m¿Ωn-I-N-{I-h¿Øn cmPm `thXv- ˛ [¿Ωn-jvTmb cmPm-hmIpw. XXv D®mY ˛ hymJymt`Zw: 1. (oN)cmiy[n]s‚ D®cminbpsS A[n]tm ˛ sNdph≈n 2. the planet that is exalted in the sign - Kapoor 3. oNw {]m]n® cminbn¬ D®ap≈ {Klw ˛ tPymXnjnL≠p. (27) btZytIm oN-K-X-kvX-{Zm-iy-[n-]-kvX-Zp-®]x tIt{μ bky k Xp N{I-h¿Øo kakvX`q]m-e-h-μymw{Lnx.
  • 170. Malayala Jyotisha Vedi. A≤ymbw 7 (kzXxkn≤cmPtbmK߃) 165 165 PHALADEEPIKA MALAYALAM TRANSLATION 250 tbmKw 47 bZn GtIm oN-K-X ˛ GsXmcp {Kl-Ønp GsXmcp cmin-bn¬ oNw kw`-hn-°p-∂pthm XXv cmiy-[n] ˛ B cm-inbpsS -mYtm X-Xv D-®]x ˛ AXns‚ D®-cm-in-bpsS mYtm tIt{μ ˛ e·tI{μ-Øn¬ n∂m¬ kakvX`q]m-e h-μymw{Lnx N{I-h¿Øo ˛ F√m cmPm-°-∑mcmepw hμn°s∏Sp∂ N{I-h¿Øn-bm-Ipw (28) bkvan≥ cmiu h¿ØtX tJN-c-kvX˛ {Zmio-ti t{]£n-X-t›’ tJSx t£mWo-]mew Io¿Øn-a¥w hnZ-[ymXv kpÿmt›Xv(1) Inw ]px ]m¿∞n-th-{μx. (1) ]mTt`Zw: kpÿx kymt®Xv tbmKw 48 bkvan≥ cmiu tJN-c- h¿ØtX ˛ bmsXmcp {Klw bmsXmcp cminbn¬ (oNØn¬) n¬°p∂pthm tJSx XXv cmio-ti t{]£n-X-x tNXv˛ B {Klw B cmin-m-Y-m¬ tm°-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Io¿Øn-cXvw t£mWo-]mew ˛ Io¿Øn-am-mb cmPmhv BIpw. kpÿmx tNXv ]m¿∞n-th-{μx.... ˛ B cmin Hcp kpÿm-w IqSnbm sW¶n¬ ]n-s∂- ]dbmpt≠m? (29) otN XnjvTXn bkvX-Zm{inX-Kr-lm-[otim hne-·m-ZyZm N{μmZzm bZn -o-N-Kky hnl-K-tkym-®¿£-m-tYm f Yhm tIt{μ XnjvTXn tNXv {]]q¿Æ-hn-`-hx -kym®-{I-h¿Øo- rt]m [¿-Ωn-jvtTm f y-a-lo-i-h-μn-X-]-Z-kvtXtPm -b-tim -`m-Ky-hm≥. tbmKw 49 otN -XnjvTXn ˛ (bmsXmcp {Klw) oN-Øn¬ n¬°p∂pthm b XXv - B{inX Kr-lm-[otim ˛ B oNcmin-bpsS mYtm bZn -o-N-Kky hnl-K-tkym ˛ oN-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-Øns‚ -D®¿£-m-tYm ˛ D®-cm-in-bpsS mYtm hne-·m-ZyZm AYhm N{μtZzm ˛ e·mtem As√-¶n¬ N{μmtem tIt{μ XnjvTXn tNXv ˛ tI{μ-Øn¬ n¬°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬
  • 171. ^eZo]nI 166 166166 166 166 TrTranslation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly {]]q¿Æ -hn-`-h- kymXv ˛ Ah≥ F√m hn-`-h-ß-tfmSpw tX-tPm b-tim- ˛ tXP-t m-Sp-w bit mSpw IqSnb `m-Ky-hm≥ [¿-Ωn-jvtT ˛ `m-Ky-hmpw [¿-Ωn-jvTpw Bb, -Ay-a-lo-i-h-μn-X-]-Z ˛ a‰pcmPm-°-∑m¿ hμn°p∂]mZ-ßtfm-Spw- IqSnb, - N-{I-h¿Øo ˛ N{I-h¿ØnbmIpw. (30) otN -b-kvXky otNm-®-t`iu ZzmthI Gh hm tI{μ-ÿ-t›-®-{I-h¿Øo `q]x kymZv `q]-h-μnX. tbmKw 50 otN ˛ oN-Øn¬ -b- Xky ˛ bmsXm-cp -{K-l-amtWm n¬°p-∂Xv B {Kl-Øns‚ oN ˛ oNcmin-bp-sSbpw - D-® ˛ D-®-cmin-bp-sSbpw -t`iu ˛ mY-∑m¿ Zzm ˛ c≠ptam hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ GI Gh ˛ Hs∂-¶neptam tI{μ-ÿ-t›Xv- ˛ tI{μ-Øn¬ n∂m¬ `q]-h-μnX ˛ cmPm-°-∑m¿ hμn-°p∂ N-{I-h¿Øo `q]x kymXv ˛ N{I-h¿Øn-bm-Ipw. Hcp PmX-I-Øn¬ oN-ap≈ {Klßsf ImWp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ {i≤n-°p-I: oN-`wKcmP-tbm-K-ap-≠m-Imw.
  • 172. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 167 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 8 `mhm{i-b-^ew- HºXp {Kl-߃ ]{¥≠p `mh-ß-fn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ ^e-߃ {Kl-Im-c-I-Xzw, `mhm-[n-]-Xyw, `mhÿnXn F∂nh Ap-k-cn-®mWv {Kl-߃ ^e-w ¬Ip-I. CXn¬ `mh-ÿn-Xn-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬ ip`-∑m¿ kpÿm--ß-fnepw ]m]-∑m¿ Zpÿm- -ß-fnepw Ap-Iq-e-^-esØ sNøpw F∂XmWv ASnÿmXØzw. ^e-Zo-]nI Ap-k- cn®v AjvS-a-cn-]p-hy-b-ßfpw (8-˛6˛12) PmX-I-N-{μnI Ap-k-cn®v {Xnj-Um-b-ßfpw (3˛6-˛11) BWv Zpÿm--߃. F∂m¬ B nbaw ]q¿Æ-ambpw ChnsS ]men®p ImWp-∂n-√. {Kl- ß-fp-sS-bpw `mhß-fp-sSbpw KpW-tZm-j-߃, Imc-I-Xz-߃, `mh-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klhpw `mhm-[n-]pw XΩn-ep≈ _‘w, `mhm-¤m-h-Nn¥ XpSßn AtIw Imcy-߃ IW-°n-se- Sp-ØmWv HºXp {Kl-߃ ]{¥≠p `mh-ß-fn¬ n∂m-ep-≠m-Ip∂ ^e-߃ ChnsS ]d- ™n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ]mT-t`-Z-ßfpw A`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-k-ßfpw ]Xn-hp-t]mse C°m-cy-Ønepw kpe-`-am-Wv. {Kl-߃ n¬°p∂ `mh-ßsf am{X-a√, Ah-bpsS ZrjvSn hogp∂ `mh-ß-sf-°qSn Ah-bpsS kzm[ow _m[n-°p-sa∂ Imcyw {]tXyIw Hm¿Ωn-°-Ww. {Kl߃ s]mXpsh ApIqeamb `mh߃ (ImcI≥ `mhßfn¬ hcp∂ ÿeßfn¬ B {]tXyIhnjbØn¬ KpW^ew D≠mhn√.) {Klw Ap-Iq-e-w an{iw, {]Xn-Iqew c, Ip, a 3 6 10 11 N 6 8 12 Hgn®p≈h _p 3 6 12 Hgn®p≈h Kp 3 6 8 12 Hgn®p≈h ip 3 6 7 Hgn®p≈h k, in 3 6, 11 CXn¬ ]dbmØh s]mXpsh an{i^etam, {]Xn-Iqetam Bbncn°pw.
  • 173. ^eZo]nI 168 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly AXmbXv, ]m]-∑m-cmb kqcy≥, IpP≥, in, cmlp, tIXp F∂n-h¿ ZpkvYm--ß- fmb 3, 6 `mh-ßfn¬ Ap-Iq-e-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]Xnsm∂n¬ F√m {Kl-ßfpw ]Øn¬ cmlp- tI-Xp-°ƒ Hgn-®p≈ Ggp {Kl-ßfpw Ap-Iq-e-am-Wv. 1 2˛¬ ip{I≥ am{Xhpw 8˛¬ _p[pw ip{Ipw am{Xhpw KpWw sNøpw. Cu Ap-Iq-e-^-e-Øns‚ Xo{hX {Kl-Øn-s‚bpw `mh-Øn-s‚bpw _e-a-p-k-cn-®n-cn- °pw. Cu ^e-߃ Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Hmtcm {Kl-Øns‚bpw Zi, A-]-lm-cw- XpS-ßnb Im-e-ßfnepam-bn-cn-°pw. ka-b-n¿Æ-b-Ønv tKmN-cmhÿ CXn-tmSp tN¿Øp Nn¥n-°- Ww. {Kl˛-`m-h-_-e-w Adn-bm-p≈ am¿§w- tcsØ hnh-cn-®p. Zim-^ew ^e-Zo-]nI ]sØm- ºXmw A≤ym-b-Ønepw Nmc-^ew Ccp-]-Øn-bmdmw A≤ym-b-Ønepw hnh-cn°p∂p≠v. Imc-I≥ AtX Imc-I-Xz-ap≈ `mh-Øn¬ n¬°p-∂Xv √-X√ F∂ nbaw IqSn ChnsS Hm¿t°-≠-Xp-≠v. kqcy≥ ]nXr-Im-c-I-m-Wv. `mh-ßfn¬ ]nXr-Im-c-IXzw Hº-Xn- pw. AXp-sIm≠v Hº-Xn¬ s]mXpsh Ap-Iq-e-amb kqcy≥ ]nXm-hns‚ Imcy-Øn¬am{Xw Aip`w sNøpw. AXp-t]mse cpNIw XpS-ßnb tbmK-߃ Dt≠m- F∂p tm°n AX-p- k-cn®v ChnsS ]d-™n-´p≈ ^eßfn¬ th≠ am‰w hcp-Ø-Ww. 1.kqcy≥ kqcy≥ kuay--√m-Ø-Xn-m¬ 3, 6, 10, 11 F∂o `mh-ß-fn¬ n∂m¬ Ap-Iq-ehpw a‰p `mh-ß-fn¬ n∂m¬ {]Xn-Iq-e-hp-am-bn-cn-°pw. ]nXm-hns‚ Imcy-sam-gn-®m¬ Hº-Xnepw kqcy≥ Ap-Iq-e-m-Wv. kqcy≥ e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ ico-c-{]-Ir-Xn-bnepw kz`m-h-Ønepw {]I-S-am-Ip∂ {]tXy- I-X-IfmWv - ASpØ t«mI-Øn¬ {][m-ambpw ]d-bp-∂Xv. -e·-Øns‚ cmin, cmiy-[n-]≥, kqcy≥, N{μ≥, e·-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw, e·-Øn-te-bv°p tm°p∂ {Klw XpSßnbh Ah-bpsS _e-a-p-k-cn®v Hcm-fpsS BIr-Xn-tbbpw {]Ir-Xn-tbbpw kzm[on°p∂-Xmbn ImWp∂p≠v. e·-Ønpw Bfl-Im-c-I-mb kqcypw _e-an-s√-¶n¬ Abm-fpsS hy‡nXzw (Dƒ°-cp-Øv) Zp¿∫-e-am-bn-cn°pw. (1) et· f ¿t°m f ¬∏-INx {Inbme-k-Xax t{Im[o {]N-WvtUm-∂tXm amo temN--cq-£Ix Iri-Xpx iqtcm- f £tam n¿LrWx kvt^mSm£x iint` {Intb kXn-ancx knwtl nim‘x ]pam≥ Zmcn-t{Zym-]-ltXm hn-jvS-X-tbm PmX-kvXp-embmw `thXv.
  • 174. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 169 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 1. et· A¿t° ˛ kqcy≥ e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ A¬∏-INx ˛ XeapSn Ipd™hpw {Inbm Ae-k-Xa ˛ tPmen sNøm≥ aSnbp≈-hpw t{Im[o ˛ tZzjy-°mcpw {]N-WvU- ˛ i‡pw D∂X ˛ Db-c-ap-≈hpw amo ˛ A`n-amnbpw temN--cq-£I ˛ ZrjvSn cq£-ambhpw Iri-Xp ˛ NS-®hpw iqtcm- ˛ iqcpw A£tam ˛ £-abn√mØhpw n¿LrW ˛ Zb-bn-√m-Ø-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. cmin Apkcn®p≈ {]tXyI^ew iint` kvt^mSm£ ˛ N{μ-cmin (I¿°-S-Iw) e·-am-hp-Ibpw kqcy≥ AXn¬ n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ t{X-tcmKw, {Intb kXn-anc ˛ taSw (D-®w) e·-am-hp-Ibpw kqcy≥ AXn¬ n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ Xnan-c-tcmKw, knwtl nim‘ ˛ Nnßw (kz-t£-{Xw) e·-am-hp-Ibpw kqcy≥ AXn¬ n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ cm{Xn-bn¬ A‘X (am-e-°-Æv), PmX- Xp-embmw ˛ Xpemw (o-Nw) e·-am-hp-Ibpw kqcy≥ AXn¬ n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ Zmcn-t{Zym-]-ltXm ˛ Zmcn{ZyZpxJw, hn-jvS-X-tbm ˛ ]p{X-m-iw F∂nh ^ew. (2) hnK-X-hn-Zym-hn--b-hnØw kvJen-X-hmNw [-KXx k_-e-iu-cy-{in-b-ap-Zmcw kzPi{Xpw kl-P-Kx. P-b-Xoaw kplrZn kqtcym hnkp-J-_-‘p-£n-Xn-kp-lrXv `h--bp‹w r]Xn tkhw P-I-k-º-Zvhy-b-I-cw. 2. [-KX ˛ kqcy≥ c≠n¬ n∂m¬ hnK-X- hn-Zym -hn--b hnØw ˛ hnZy, hn-bw, [w Ch C√m-Ø-hpw kvJen-X-hmNw ˛ hm°np tNm¿-®-bp-≈-hpw (hn°p≈-hpw) Bbn-cn°pw.
  • 175. ^eZo]nI 170 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 3. kl-P-K ˛ kqcy≥ aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ k_-e- iu-cy -{in-b-w- DZmcw ˛ _ew, iucyw, sFiz-cyw, HuZmcyw Ch-bp-≈-hpw kzPi{Xpw-* ˛ _‘p°fpsS i{Xphpw Bbn-cn°pw. ( * ]mT-t`Zw: hnPnXi{Xpw ˛ i{Xp°sf Pbn°p∂h≥ ) 4. kplrZn kqtcym ˛ kqcy≥ men¬ n∂m¬ hnkp-J- _-‘p -£n-Xn -kp-lrXv `hap‡w ˛kpJw, _‘p-°ƒ, `qkz-Øv, kplr-Øp°ƒ, hoSv Ch C√m-Ø-hpw (]mTt`Zw: `h--bp‹w˛ c≠p `hßtfmSpIqSnbhmbpw) r]Xn tkhw ˛ cmPm-hns tkhn-°p-∂-hpw (C∂sØ nebv°p k¿°m¿ tPmenbpw CXn¬ hcpw) P-I-k-º-Zvhy-b-I-cw ˛ ]nXr-kzØv hybw sNøp-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (3) kpJ-[-m-bp-kvX--b-low kpa-Xn-am-fl-y-S-hnKw {]Yn-X-ap¿ho-]-Xn-a-cn-ÿx kp-Kp-W-k-º-Zzn-P-b-Kw r]-hn-cp≤w IpX-p-a-kvtX f ≤z-K-a-Zm-cw -ly-h-aXw lX-[-m-bp- p-lr-Z-a¿t°m hnKXZr-jvSnw(1) n-[--Kx 5. Bfln ˛ kqcy≥ A©n¬ n∂m¬ kpJ -[- B-bp- X--blow ˛ kpJw, [w, Bbp- v, a°ƒ Ch C√m-Ø-hmbpw kpa-Xn-am-≥ ˛ _p≤n-ammbpw - A-S-hnKw ˛ Im´n¬ t]mIp-∂-hmbpw `hn-°pw. 6. A-cn-ÿ ˛ kqcy≥ Bdn¬ n∂m¬ {]Yn-X-D¿ho-]-Xnkp-Kp-Wk-º-Xvhn-P-b-Kw ˛ kZvKp-Whpw kºØpap≈, hnP-bn-bmb, cmPm-hmIpw. 7. A-kvtX ˛ kqcy≥ Ggn¬ n∂m¬ r]-hn-cp≤w ˛ cmP-hn-tcm[w IpX-p- ˛ sshcq]yw A-≤z-Kw ˛ hgnSØw / Ae-®n¬ -A-Zm-cw- ˛ `mcy-bn-√m-Ø-h≥ A-h-aXw ˛ A]-amw (F∂nh ^ew.)
  • 176. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 171 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 8. A¿t°m n-[--K ˛ kqcy≥ F´n¬ n∂m¬ lX- [- Bbp- kp-lr-Z- ˛ [w, Bbp- v, kplr-Øp-°ƒ Ch C√m-Ø-h-mbpw hnK-X-ZrjvSn ˛ A‘≥ (]mT-t`Zw ˛ hnI-e-Zr-jvSn ˛ ZrjvSn-ssh-I-ey-ap-≈-h-≥ ˛ sNdph≈n) (4) hnP--tIm f ¿t° kkp-X-_-‘p-kvX-]kn tZh-Zzn-P-a-mx kkp-X-bm--kvXp-Xn-aXnx {io_e-bimx tJ £nXn-]-Xn `h-K-tX f ¿t° _lp-[-m-bp¿hn-K-X-timtIm P-]Xnx ]nXp-c-ant{Xm hnI-e-tt{Xm hn[--]pt{Xm hyb-K-tX. 9. X-]kn A¿t° ˛ kqcy≥ HºXn¬ n∂m¬ hnP--tIm ˛ A—-n-√m-Ø-h-mbpw kkp-X-_-‘p ˛ ]p{X-∑m-tcmSpw _‘p-°-tfmSpw IqSn-b-h-mbpw - tZh-Zzn-P-am ˛ tZh-∑m-tcbpw {_m“-W-∑m-tcbpw _lp-am- n-°p-∂-h-mbpw `hn-°pw. 10. tJ ˛ kqcy≥ ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ kkp-X- bm- kvXp-Xn aXn {io _e bim˛ ]p{X-∑mcpw hml--ßfpw {]ikvXnbpw _p≤nbpw sFiz-cyhpw _ehpw bi pw D≈ £nXn-]-Xn ˛ cmPm-hmbn `hn-°pw. A¿∞t`Zw: kvXpXnaXn ˛ a‰p≈hsc°pdn®p ∂mbnam{Xw ]dbmnjvSs∏Sp∂hpw 11. `h-K-tX A¿t° ˛ kqcy≥ ]Xn-sm-∂n¬ n∂m¬ _lp -[- B-bp ˛ [mcmfw [hpw Bbp pw D≈- hn-K-X-timtIm ˛ ZpJßfn-√mØ P-]Xn ˛ cmPm-hm-Ipw. 12. hyb-K-tX ˛ kqcy≥ ]{¥≠n¬ n∂m¬ ]nXpx- Aant{Xm ˛ ]nXm-hp-ambn i{XpXbpw hnI-e-tt{Xm ˛ IÆnp sshIeyhpw D≈-hpw hn[--]pt{Xm ˛ [hpw ]p{Xpw C√m-Ø-h-pw Bbn`hn-°pw.
  • 177. ^eZo]nI 172 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2. N{μ≥ ]£-_-e-ap≈ ip`-mb N{μs‚ ^e-amWv ChnsS ]d-bp-∂-Xv. F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬ Zpÿm--ß-fmb 6,8,12 `mh-ß-fn¬ am{X-amWv ChnsS tZmjw ImWn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. AtX Imc- Ww-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ ]m]w hcp∂ £nW-N-{μs‚ ^ew ]m]-{Kl-߃°p≈ nb-a-a-p-k-cn- ®v Nn¥n-°-W-sa∂phcp-∂p. (5) kntX Nt{μ et· ZrV-X-p-c-Z-{`mbp --(1 ) c`tbm _enjvtTm e£vao-hm≥ `hXn hn]-coXw £bKtX [mtVym f ¥¿hm-Wn hn-j-b-kp-J-hm≥ hmNn- hn-Iex (2) ktlmt∞ k{`m-Xr-{]-a-Z-_-e-iu-tcym f Xn-Ir-]-Wx . 1. kntX Nt{μ et· ˛ shfpØ]£Ønse (]£_eap≈) N-{μ≥ e·-Øn¬ n-∂m¬ ZrV-X-p- ˛ ZrV-Km-{Xpw A-Z-{` B-bp ˛ hfsc B-bp p≈hpw (1) ]mTt`Zw: A¬]mbp ˛ Zo¿Lmbp v D≈hpw - A`tbm ˛ n¿`-bpw _enjvtTm ˛ _e-hmpw e£vao-hm≥ `hXn ˛ [n-Ipw BIpw. £bKtX ˛ N{μp ]£_e-an-s√-¶n¬ hn]-coXw ˛ ^e-ß-sf√mw hn]-coXambn-cn-°pw. 2. [mtVym ˛ [n-Ipw A¥¿hm-Wn ˛ hnZzm-pw hn-j-b-kp-J-hm≥ ˛ hnjbkpJ-ß-f-p-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw hmNn ˛ N-{μ≥ c≠n¬ n-∂m¬ hn-Ie ˛ hnIe≥ ( Defective limb -- Kapoor) ]mTt`Zw: hmNn hnIe ˛ hnIehm°v ip`mb N{μ≥ c≠n¬ ApIqeamWv. `mhImcIpa√. AXpsIm≠v c≠nse _eap≈ N{μ≥ hm°np sshIeyw hcpØn√. .(_ean√mØ N{μmsW¶n¬ apIfn¬ ]d™ aq∂p ^eßfpw D≠mhpIbpn√.) Xs∂bpa√, c≠mw`mhsØ ImWn°m≥ hmNnb√msX as‰mcp hm°v ChnsS C√ Xmpw.) 3. ktlmt∞ ˛ N-{μ≥ aq∂n¬ n-∂m¬ k{`m-Xr {]-a-Z _e iutcym ˛ ktlm-Z-c-≥, aZw,- _ew, iucyw Ch-bp-≈-hpw -A-Xn-Ir-]-W ˛ hfsc ]nip-°pw BIpw. 257
  • 178. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 173 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly (6) kpJo -t`mKo XymKo kp-lrZn N kplrZzml-b-im k]pt{Xm(1) ta[mho arZp-KXn-c-am-Xy-x kp-X-KtX £tX f ¬]m-bp-›-t{μ f - a-Xn-cp-Z-c-tcmKo ]cn-`ho kvatc- Zr-jvtS -kutaym hc-bp-h-Xn-Im-t¥m f -Xnkp-kp-`-Kx. 4. kp-lrZn ˛ N-{μ≥ men¬ n-∂m¬ kpJo - ˛ kpJ-hmpw (k-¥p-jvS-pw) t`mKo ˛ t`mK-ß-f-p-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw XymKo ˛ XymK-io-epw kplrXv hml b-im ˛ kplr-Øp-°ƒ, hml--߃, bi v F∂nh D≈-h-pam-bn-cn-°pw. 5. kp-X-KtX ˛ N-{μ≥ A©n¬ n-∂m¬ kp]pt{Xm ˛ √ ]p{X-cp-≈-hpw ta[mho ˛ _p≤n-im-enbpw arZp-KXn ˛ arZpKXnbpw A-am-Xy- ˛ a{¥nbpw BIpw. 6. £tX -N-t{μ ˛ N-{μ≥ Bdn¬ n-∂m¬ A¬]m-bp ˛ A¬∏m-bp pw Aa-Xn ˛ _p≤n-bn-√m-Ø-h-pw - DZ-c-tcmKo ˛ -DZ-c-tcmKnbpw ]cn-`hn ˛ nμn-Xpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 7. kvatc ZrjvtS ˛ N-{μ≥ Ggn¬ n-∂m¬ kutaym ˛ kuaypw hc-bp-h-Xo-Im-t¥m ˛ D-Ø-a-bmb `mcy-bp-≈-hpw - kp-kp-`-K ˛ kpμ-cpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (7) arXu tcmKy¬∏m-bp-kvX-]kn ip`-[¿Ωm-fl-kp-X-hm≥ Pbo kn≤m-cwt`m `kn ip`-IrXv kXv{]n-b-Icx akzo _lzm-bp¿[--X--b-`r-ssXy -l -`th hytb tZztjym ZpJo ]nip-(1) ]-cn-`q-tXm- f e-k-X-ax. 8. arXu ˛ N-{μ≥ F´n¬ n-∂m¬ tcmKn ˛ tcmKnbpw A¬∏m-bp- ˛ A¬∏m-bp pw Bbn-cn-°pw. 258
  • 179. ^eZo]nI 174 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 9. X-]kn ˛ N-{μ≥ HºXn¬ n-∂m¬ ip`- ˛ ip`pw (`m-Ky-hm-pw) [¿Ωm-fl ˛ [¿Ωn-jvTpw - kp-X-hm≥ ˛ ]p{X-cp-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 10. `kn ˛ N-{μ≥ ]Øn¬ n-∂m¬ Pbo ˛ Pbn-°p-∂-hpw kn≤m-cwt`m ˛ XpS-ßp-∂-sX√mw tSp-∂-hpw ip`-IrXv ˛ ∑ sNøp-∂-hpw kXv{]n-b-Ic ˛ k÷--߃°v CjvSpw -B-bn-cn-°pw. 11. `th ˛ N-{μ≥ ]Xnsm∂n¬ n-∂m¬ akzo ˛ a-kznbpw (k-∑-- p-≈-h-pw) _lp Bbp [- -X--b -`r-ssXyx- kl-˛ hfsc Bbp- pw [hpw ]p{X-∑mcpw `rXycpw D≈-h-mbn-cn-°pw. 12. hytb ˛ N-{μ≥ ]{¥≠n¬ n-∂m¬ tZztjym ˛ tZzjy°mcpw ZpJo ˛ ZpJn-Xpw ]-cn-`q-X ˛ A]-am-n-Xpw Ae-k-X-a ˛ Ae-kpw Bbn-cn-°pw. * ]mT-t`-Zw: ]nip- ˛ GjWn°mcpw 3. IpP≥ ]m]-m-b-Xn-m¬ Zpÿm-ßfmb 3, 6 `mh-ß-fnepw s]mXpth KpW-^ew sNøp∂ 10, 11 `mh-ß-fn-epamWv IpP≥ Ap-Iq-ew. (8) £X-X-p-c-Xn-{Iq-tcm f ¬∏-mbp--kvXu L-kmlko hNkn hnaptJm n¿hn-Zym¿∞x IptP IpP-m-{inXx kpKpW [-hm≥ iqtcm f [r-jy-x kpJo hyp-tPm f ptP kplrZn hnkp-lr-∑m-Xr-t£m-Wo-kp-Jm-e-b-hm-l-x. 1. Xu ˛ IpP≥ e·Øn¬ n-∂m¬ £X-X-p ˛ £Xw (ap-dn-hv) D≈ icocw - AXn-{Iq-c ˛ hfsc {Iqc≥ A¬∏-mbp ˛ A¬∏m-bp v L-kmlko ˛ AXn-km-lkw sNøp-∂-h≥ Ch ^ew.
  • 180. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 175 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 2. hNkn IptP ˛ IpP≥ c≠n¬ n-∂m¬ hnaptJm ˛ hnapJ≥* n¿hn-Zym¿∞ ˛ hnZybpw [hpw C√m-Ø-hpw IpP-m-{inX ˛ Zp¿÷-ßsf B{ibn°p-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. * hnapJw F∂ hm°nv Xm¬∏cyan√mØ, hne£Wamb apJap≈ Fs∂ms° A¿∞w ]dbmw. D’mlan√mØh≥ F∂ A¿∞amWv Hcmƒ sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. in c≠n¬n-∂mepw hnapJXzw ]dbp∂p≠v. apJamb c≠mw`mhØn¬ ]m]≥ n∂m¬ hcmhp∂ A`wKnbmWv Dt±in°p∂sX∂p tXm∂p∂p. Ap`hØn¬, c≠n¬ sNmΔbp≈ hcn¬ hm°nse aban√mbva BWv km[mcW {]ISambn ImWp∂Xv. Hcp ap®p≠pw Ap `hØnep≠.v 3. A-ptP ˛ IpP≥ aq∂n¬ n-∂m¬ kpKpW ˛ kZvKp-W-ßfp≈hpw [-hm≥ ˛ [n-Ipw iqtcm- ˛ iqcpw A[r-jy- ˛ AP-øpw kpJo ˛ kpJ-߃ Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw hnAp-tPm ˛ Ap-P-∑m-cn-√m-Ø-h-pw -B-bn-cn-°pw. (ImcI≥ `mhØn¬) 4. kplrZn ˛ IpP≥ men¬ n-∂m¬ hnkp-lr-Xv am-Xr -t£m-Wo- kp-J B-e-b- hm-l-w ˛ kplr-Øp-°ƒ, amXm-hv, `qan, kpJw, hoSv, hmlw F∂nh C√m-Ø-h-m-bn-cn-°pw. (9) hnkp-J-X--tbm- f ¿∞-{]mbx kptX -]n-ip-tm- f ¬][ox {]_-e-a-Zx {ioam≥ JymtXm cn]u hnPbo r]x Ap-Nn-X-Itcm tcmKm¿tØm f kvtX f [ztKm arX-Zm-c-hm≥ IpX-p-c-[-tm f ¬∏m-bp-›nt{Z IptP P-n-μn-Xx. 5. kptX ˛ IpP≥ A©n¬ n-∂m¬ hnkp-J-X--tbm A-¿∞-{]mb ˛ kpJw, a°ƒ, [w Ch C√m-Ø-h-mbpw ]n-ip-tm ˛ GjWn°mcpw Aev][o ˛ aμ_p-≤nbpw BIpw.
  • 181. ^eZo]nI 176 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 6. cn]u ˛ IpP≥ Bdn¬ n-∂m¬ {]_-e-a-Z ˛ i‡-amb Ima-ap-≈-h-mbpw {ioam≥ ˛ [n-I-mbpw JymtXm ˛ {]i-kvX-mbpw hnPbo ˛ hnP-bn-bmbpw r] ˛ cmPm-hm-bpw `hn-°pw. 7. AkvtX ˛ IpP≥ Ggn¬ n-∂m¬ Ap-Nn-X-Itcm ˛ DNn-X-a-√m-ØXp sNøp-∂-h-mbpw- tcmKm¿tØm- ˛ tcmKw-sIm≠p ZpJn°p-∂-hmbpw -A[ztKm ˛ S∂p hnj-an-°p-∂-h-mbpw arX-Zm-c-hm≥ ˛ hn`m-cy-mbpw `hn-°pw. 8. Ont{Z IptP ˛ IpP≥ F´n¬ n-∂m¬ IpX-p ˛ hncq]nbpw -A[-tm ˛ [-an-√m-Øhpw A¬∏m-bp- ˛ A¬∏m-bp pw P-n-μn-X ˛ nμn-Xpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (10) r]-kp-lr-Z]n tZztjym f XmX-x ipt` P-Lm-XtIm `kn r]Xnx {Iqtcm ZmXm {][m--Pssx kvXpXx [-kp-J-bp-tXm- f tim-I-x iqtcm `th kpKpWx (1) IptP b--hn-IrXx {Iqtcm f Zmtcm hytb ]nip-tm f [-ax (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ kpioex 9. ipt` ˛ IpP≥ HºXn¬ n-∂m¬ r]-kp-lr-Xv ˛ cmPm-hns‚ kplrØpw tZztjym ˛ tZzjy°m-cpw AXmX ˛ A—-n-√m-Ø-hpw P-Lm-XtIm ˛ P-t{Zm-lnbpw Bbncn°pw. 10. `kn ˛ IpP≥ ]Øn¬ n-∂m¬ r]Xn ˛ cmPmhpw {Iqtcm ˛ {Iqcpw ZmXm ˛ Zm-io-epw {][m--Pssx kvXpXx ˛ {][m-n-I-fm¬ kvXpXn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 261
  • 182. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 177 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 11. `th ˛ IpP≥ ]Xnsm∂n¬ n-∂m¬ [-kp-J-bp-tXm- ˛ [tØmSpw kpJtØmSpw IqSn-b-hpw Atim-I ˛ timI-an-√m-Ø-hpw -iqtcm ˛ iqcpw kpKpW ˛ KpW-hmpw `thXv Bbn-cn°pw. 12. hytb ˛ IpP≥ ]{¥≠n¬ n-∂m¬ b--hn-IrX ˛ t{X-ssh-Ieyap≈-hpw {Iqtcm ˛ {Iqcpw A-Zmtcm ˛ `mcy-bn-√m-Ø-h-pw ]nip-tm- ˛ GjWn°mcpw A[-a ˛ A[-a-pw Bbn `hn-°pw. 4. _p[≥ ip`-mb _p[≥ 6, 12 Hgn®p≈ F√m `mh-ß-fnepw KpWw sNøpw. (11) Zo¿Lmbp¿÷-∑n t⁄ a[p-c-N-Xp-c-hmIv k¿h-im-kv{Xm¿∞-t_m-[x kymZv _pt≤ym-]m¿÷n-Xkzx Ihn-c-a-e-hNm hmNn-arjvSm-∂-t`m‡m iutcyx iqcx -k-ambpx kpk-l-P-k-lnXx k{itam ssZy-bp‡x kwJym-hm≥ NmSp-hmIyx kplr-Zn -kp-J-kp-lrXv ˛ t£{X-[m-ym¿∞-t`m-Ko. 1. P-∑n t⁄ ˛ _p[≥ e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ Zo¿Lmbp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp p≈-hpw a[p-c -N-Xp-c -hmIv ˛ a[p-c-ambpw kc-k--ambpw kwkmcn°p∂-hpw k¿h-im-kv{Xm¿∞-t_m-[ ˛ k¿h-im-kv{Xm¿∞-ßfpw a- n-em-°n-b-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 2. hmNnw ˛ _p[≥ c≠n¬ n∂m¬ _pt≤ym-]m¿÷n-Xkz ˛ _p≤n D]-tbm-Kn®v D≠m-°nb [-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw
  • 183. ^eZo]nI 178 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Ihn ˛ Ihnbpw - A-a-e-hNm ˛ If-¶-an-√mØ hmt°m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw arjvSm-∂ -t`m‡m ˛ `£-W-kpJw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 3. iutcy ˛ _p[≥ aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ iqc - ˛ iqcpw kambp ˛ icm-icn Bbp p≈hpw kpk-l-P-k-lnX ˛ √ ktlm-Z-c-∑m-tcm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw k{itam ˛ ]cn{iatØmSpIqSnbhpw ssZy-bp‡ ˛ Zopw 4. kplr-Zn ˛ _p[≥ men¬ n∂m¬ kwJym-hm≥ ˛ ]WvUn-Xpw NmSp-hmIy ˛ a[pcambn kwkmcn°p-∂-h-pw -kp-J- kp-lrXv t£{X- [m-y A¿∞ -t`m-Ko ˛ kpJhpw kplr-Øp-°fpw `qkzØpw [myhpw [hpw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h-m-bn-cn-°pw. (12) hnZym -ku-Jy -{]-Xm-]x -{]-Np-c-kp-X-bptXm am{¥nIx ]©-atÿ PmX-t{Imt[m hnhm-ssZ¿Zznjn cn]p-_-e-l˛ -¥m-etkm njvTp-tcm‡nx {]mt⁄m f kvtX Nmcp-thjx kk-I-e-a-lnamw bmXn `mcymw khnØmw hnJym-Xm-Jy-›n-cmbpx Ipe-`r-Z-[n-]-Xn¿˛ t⁄ -f jvSta Zfi-t-Xm. 5. ]©-atÿ ˛ _p[≥ A©n¬ n∂m¬ hnZym- ku-Jy- {]-Xm-]- {]-Np-c-kp-X-bptXm ˛ hnZy, kuJyw, {]Xm-]w, hfsc a°ƒ F∂n-h-bp-≈-hpw am{¥nI ˛ am{¥nIp-am-bn-cn-°pw. 6. Zznjn ˛ _p[≥ i{Xp `mh-Øn¬ (Bdn¬) n∂m¬ PmX-t{Imt[m hnhm-ssZ ˛ hnhm-Zß-fn¬ tIm]w- hcp-∂-hpw cn]p-_-e-l-¥m ˛ i{Xp-hns‚ _esØ in-∏n-°p-∂-hpw - Aetkm ˛ Ae-kpw njvTp-tcm‡n ˛ {Iqc-ambn kwkm-cn-°p-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 263
  • 184. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 179 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 7. {]mt⁄m AkvtX ˛ _p[≥ Ggn¬ n∂m¬ Nmcp-thjx ˛ atm-l-c-amb thj-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw kk-I-e-a-lnam ˛ kIe alnaItfmSpIqSnbhpw `mcymw khnØmw ˛ [n-Ibmb `mcytbmSp IqSnbhpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 8. t⁄ A-jvSta ˛ _p[≥ F´n¬ n∂m¬ hnJym-Xm-Jy- ˛ t]cp-tI-´-h-pw Nn-cmbp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp p≈hpw Ipe-`r-Z-[n-]-Xn ˛ Ipe-]-Xn-bpw Zfit-Xm ˛ in£m-[n-Im-cn-bpw Bbn `hn-°pw. (13) hnZym¿∞mNmc-[¿ssΩx kl X]kn _pt[ kymXv {]-ho-tWm f Xn-hmKvao kn≤m-cw-`-x kp-hn-Zym-_-e-a-Xn-kp-J-kXv˛ I¿Ω-k-Xym-znXx tJ _lzm-bpx -k-Xy-kt‘m hn]p-e-[--kptXm (1) em`tK `rXybpt‡m Zotm hnZym-hn-lox ]cn-`-h-k-lntXm f ˛ t¥y riw-tkm f -ek›. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ kpJo 9. X]kn _pt[ ˛ _p[≥ Hº-Xn¬ n∂m¬ hnZy A¿∞ BNmc -[¿ssΩx kl˛ hnZy, [w, BNmcw, [¿Ωw F∂n-h-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw {]-ho-tWm ˛ ka¿∞pw A-Xn-hm‹n ˛ henb hm‹nbpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 10. tJ ˛ _p[≥ ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ kn≤m-cw-`- ˛ XpS-ßp∂ Imcy-ß-fn-se√mw hnP-bn-°p-∂-hpw kp-hn-Zym- _-e- a-Xn- kp-J- k¬I¿Ω- k-Xym-znX ˛ hnZy,- _-ew, _p≤n, kpJw, k¬I-¿Ωw, kXy-k-‘X F∂n-h-tbm-Sp-Iq- Sn-b-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 11. em`tK ˛ _p[≥ ]Xnsm∂n¬ n∂m¬ _lp B-bp- ˛ [mcmfw Bbp p≈hpw 26
  • 185. ^eZo]nI 180 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly k-Xy-kt‘m ˛ k-Xy-k‘pw hn]p-e- [- -kptXm(1) `rXybpt‡m˛ hfsc [-tØmSpw ]p{X-tcmSpw `rXy tcmSpw IqSn-b-h-pw Bbn-cn-°pw. 12. At¥y ˛ _p[≥ ]{¥≠n¬ n∂m¬ Zotm ˛ Zopw hnZym-hn-lo ˛ ]Tn-∏n-√m-Ø-h-mbpw ]cn-`-h-k-lntXm ˛ Ah-am-n-Xpw riw-tkm ˛ {Iqcpw A-ek ˛ Ae-kpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 5. hymgw Kpcp ip`-m-b-Xn-m¬ Zpÿm--ß-fmb 3, 6, 8, 12 Hgn-®p≈ `mh-ß-fn¬, AXm-b-Xv 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11 `mh-ß-fn¬, √ ^ew sNøpw. (14) tim`m-hm≥ kpIrXo Nncmbpc`tbm et· Kpcu km-fltPm hm‹o t`mP-km-c-hmw› kpaptJm hntØ [o tImhnZx kmh⁄x Ir]Wx {]Xo-X-k-l-P-x- iutcy f L-IrXv ZpjvS-[o¿˛ ∫‘u amXr-kp-lr-Xv]-cn—ZkpX-kv{Xo-ku-Jy-[mym-zn-Xx. 1. et· Kpcu ˛ Kpcp e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ tim`m-hm≥ ˛ icocIm¥n-bp-≈-hpw kpIrXo ˛ ]pWy-hm-pw Nncmbp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈-hpw A`tbm ˛ n¿`-bpw -km-fltPm ˛ ]p{X∑-mc-p-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 2. hntØ ˛ Kpcp c≠n¬ n∂m¬ hm‹o ˛ hm‹nbpw t`mP--km-c-hmw› ˛ √ `£-WØn¬ -X¬]-cpw kpaptJm ˛ kpap-Jpw [o ˛ [n-Ipw tImhnZ ˛ hnZzmpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 3. iu-tcy ˛ Kpcp aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ kmh⁄x ˛ Ah-⁄-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw (n-μn-X-pw) Ir]W ˛ ]nip-°pw {]Xo-X-k-l-P-- ˛ {]kn-≤-mb ktlm-Z-c-tmSp Iq-Sn-b-hpw 265
  • 186. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 181 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly AL-IrXv ˛ ]m]-߃ sNøp-∂-hpw ZpjvS-[o ˛ Zp¿∫p≤nbpw BIpw. 4. _‘u ˛ Kpcp men¬ n∂m¬ amXr- ˛ amXm-hv, kp-lr-Xv ˛ kplr-Øp-°ƒ ]-cn—Zw* ˛ ]cn-hm-cw kpXkv{Xo-ku-Jy-[myAzn-Xx -˛ a°ƒ, `mcy, kpJw, [my-k-ar-≤n- ˛ F∂nhtbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ Bbn-cn-°pw. (15) ]pss{Xx -t¢-i-bptXm(1) alo-i-k-Nnthm [oam≥ kpXtÿ Kpcu jjvtT kymZ-e-tkm f -cnlm ]co-`ho a{¥m-`n-Nmtc ]Spx kXv]XvokpX-hm≥ atZ- f Xn-kp-`-K-kvXmXmZpZm-tcm f [ntIm Zotm PohXn tkhbm Iep-j-`mKv Zo¿Lm-bp-cn-jvtSm -f jvS-ta.(1) (1) ]mTt`Zw: cn-tPym-jvS-ta 5. kpXtÿ Kpcu ˛ Kpcp A©n¬ n∂m¬ ]pss{Xx -t¢-i-bptXm ˛ ]p{X-ZpxJw (Im-c-I≥ `mh-Øn¬) alo-i-k-Nnthm, [oam≥ ˛ cmPa{¥nbpw _p≤n-am-pw Bbn-cn-°pw. 6. jjvtT ˛ Kpcp Bdn¬ n∂m¬ Aetkm Acnlm ]co-`ho a{¥m-`n-Nmtc ]Sp ˛ Ae-kpw i{Xp-°sf in-∏n-°p- ∂-hpw nμn-Xpw (A-]-am-n-X-pw) a{¥- hmZw, B`n-Nmcw ChI-fn¬ ka¿∞pw Bbn-cn-°pw. 7. atZ ˛ Kpcp Ggn¬ n∂m¬ kXv]Xvo kpX-hm≥ ˛ √ `mcy-tbm-Spw -]p{X-∑m-tcm-Spw Iq-Sn-b-hpw AXn-kp-`-K- ˛ hfsc kpμcpw - XmXmXv A-[ntIm DZm-tcm ˛ A—-t-°mƒ A[nIw Zm-io-epw Bbn-cn-°pw. 8. AjvS-ta ˛ Kpcp F´n¬ n∂m¬ Zotm ˛ Zopw PohXn tkhbm ˛ a‰p-≈-hsc tkhn®p Pohn-°p-∂-hpw Iep-j-`mKv ˛ ]m]w-sN-øp-∂-hpw 266
  • 187. ^eZo]nI 182 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Zo¿Lm-bp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈hpw - C-jvtSm- ˛ (F√mh¿°pw) {]nbs∏´hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (16) JymX-x k≥ kNnhx ipt` f ¿∞-kp-X-hm≥ kym≤¿Ω-Im-tcym¬kpIx kzmNmcx kpbim `-ky-Xn-[-o Poth alo-i-{]nbx Bbtÿ [n-tIm -f `-tbm f¬∏-X-tbm ssPhm-XrtIm bmtKm tZztjym [n°r-X-hmIv(1) hytb hnX-bx kmtLm (2) -f e-kx tkh-Ix. ]mT-t`Zw ˛ (1) tZzjym≤n°r-X-hmI v (2) kwtLm 9. ipt` ˛ Kpcp Hº-Xn¬ n∂m¬ JymX- ˛ {]kn-≤pw kNnh ˛ a{¥nbpw A¿∞-kp-X-hm≥ ˛ [hpw a°fpw D≈-hpw [¿Ω-Im-tcym¬kpI ˛ [m¿Ωn-I-Im-cy-ßfn¬ Xm¬∏-cy-ap-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 10. `-kn Poth ˛ Kpcp ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ kzmNmc ˛ kz BNmcw, kzI¿Ωw, Ap-jvTn-°p-∂-hpw kpbim ˛ √ bi-t m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw AXn-[-o ˛ hfsc [-hmpw alo-i-{]nb ˛ cmPm-hnp {]nb-ap-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 11. Bbtÿ ˛ Kpcp ]Xnsm∂n¬ n∂m¬ [n-tIm- ˛ [n-Ipw A`-tbm ˛ `b-an-√m-Ø-hpw A¬∏-X-tbm ˛ a°ƒ Ipd-™-hpw ssPhm-XrtIm - ˛ hfsc Bbp p≈hpw bmtIm ˛ hml--ß-fp-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 12. hytb ˛ Kpcp ]{¥≠n¬ n∂m¬ tZztjym ˛ tZzjyap≈h≥ [n°mchmIv ˛ [n°mctØmsS kwkmcn°p∂h≥ hnX-b ˛ a°-fn-√m-Ø-h-pw 267
  • 188. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 183 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly kmL ˛ kAL ˛ AL-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ ˛ ]m]nbpw Ae-k ˛ Ae-kpw -tkh-I ˛ tkh-Ipw Bbn-cn-°pw. 6. ip{I≥ 3, 6, 7 Hgn-®p≈ `mh-ß-fn¬ ip{I≥ ip`-^ew ¬Ipw. (17) Xu -kp-Xp ZrIv{]nbw kpJn--tah Zo¿Lm-bpjw ItcmXn Ihn-c¿∞Kx Ihn-a-t-I-hn-Øm-znXw hnZm-c-kp-JkºZw Ir]-W-a-{]nbw hn{Ita kphm-l--Krlw kpam-`-c-W-h-kv{X-K‘w kptJ. 1. Xu ˛ ip{I≥ e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ kp-Xp ˛ √ (kpμcamb) icocw ZrIv{]nbw ˛ ImgvNbv°p {]nbw-Icw kpJn--w Gh ˛ kpJ-߃ Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw Zo¿Lm-bpjw ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 2. Ihn- A¿∞K ˛ ip{I≥ c≠n¬ n∂m¬ Ihn- ˛ Ihn-bmbpw At-I-hn-Øm-znXw ˛ hfsc [-ap-≈-hmbpw `hn-°pw. 3. hn{Ia ˛ ip{I≥ aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ hnZm-c-kp-JkºZw ˛ `mcybpw kpJhpw kºØpw C√m-Ø-h-mbpw Ir]-W-pw ˛ ]nip-°mbpw A-{]nbw ˛ {]nbw-I-c-a-√m-Ø-h-mbpw `hn-°pw. 4. ktJ ˛ ip{I≥ men¬ n∂m¬ kphm-l- -Krlw kpa B`-c-W h-kv{X K‘w ˛ √ hmlw, hoSv, ]q°ƒ, B`-cWw, hkv{Xw, kpK-‘- {Zhy߃ F∂nh D≈-h-m-bn-cn-°pw. (]m-T-t`Zw ˛ kphm-lkpaμncm-`-cW.. CXn¬ kpaw C√.)
  • 189. ^eZo]nI 184 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (18) AJ-fin-X-[w r]w kpa-Xn-amfltP kmflPw hni-{Xp-a-[w £tX bph-Xn-Zq-jnXw hn¢_w k`m-cy-(1) a-k-Xo-cXw arX-I-f-{X-amVyw(2) atZ Nncm-bp-jan-fm-[n]w [n--a-jvSta kwÿn-Xx.(3) (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ kp`mcy (2) -auVyw (3) `m¿§h 5. B-fltP ˛ ip{I≥ A©n¬ n∂m¬ AJ-WvUn-X-[w ˛ Afh‰ [-ap-≈-hpw r]w ˛ cmPmhpw kpa-Xn- ˛ _p≤n-am-pw k BflPw ˛ a°-fp-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 6. £tX ˛ ip{I≥ Bdn¬ n∂m¬ hni-{Xp- ˛ i{Xp-°-fn-√m-Ø-h-pw A-[w ˛ [-an-√m-Ø-h-pw bph-Xn-Zq-jnXw ˛ bph-Xn-I-fm¬ Zpjn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h-pw hn¢_w ˛ ZpJn-Xpw 7. atZ ˛ ip{I≥ Ggn¬ n∂m¬ k`m-cy ˛ `mcytbmSp-Iq-Sn-b-h-mbpw - Ak-Xo-cXw ˛ NoØ-kv{Xo-I-fp-ambn _‘-ap-≈-h-mbpw arX-I-f-{XauVyw ˛ `mcy- a-cn-® hnjatØmSp IqSnbhpw (Im-c-I≥ `mh-Øn¬) Bbn-cn-°pw. 8. A-jvSta kwÿn-X ˛ ip{I≥ F´n¬ n∂m¬ Nncm-bp-jva ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈-hpw C-fm-[n]w ˛ cmPmhpw (`q-hp-Sa F∂p-am-Imw.) [n-- ˛ [-hm-pw Bbn `hn-°pw. (19) kZm-c-kp-lr-Zm-flPw £nXn-]-e-_v[-`mKyw ipt` `-ky-Xn-b-i-x kp-lr-’p-J-Z(1) hrØn-bp‡w {]`pw [m-Vy-an-X-cmw-K-m-c-X-a-t-I-kuJyw `th `rKp¿÷--bXn hytb kc-Xn-ku-Jy-hn-Ø-Zyp-Xnw. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ kpJnX, kplrZ 9. ipt` ˛ ip{I≥ HºXn¬ n∂m¬ kZm-c-kp-lr-Zm-flPw ˛ `mcy, kplr-Øp-°ƒ, a°ƒ
  • 190. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 185 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly F∂n-h-tcm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw £nXn-] e-_v[w- `mKyw ˛ cmPm-hn¬ n∂pw e`n® `mKytØmSp- Iq-Sn-b-h-pw Bbn-cn-°pw. 10. `-kn ˛ ip{I≥ ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ AXn-b-i -kp-lr-Xv kp-J-ZhrØn -bp‡w ˛ hfsc Io¿Ønbpw kp-lr-Øp°fpw kpJ-I-c-amb {]hr-Ønbpw D≈-h-mbpw {]`pw ˛ {]`p-hmbpw Ccn-°pw. 11.- `th ˛ ip{I≥ ]Xnsm∂n¬ n∂m¬ [m-Vy ˛ [n-Ipw CX-c Aw-K-m-c-Xw ˛ ]c-kv{Xo-_‘-ap≈-hpw - At-I-kuJyw ˛ ]ehn[ kpJ-ßfpw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 12. `rKp hytb ˛ - ip{I≥ ]{¥≠n¬ n∂m¬ kc-Xn-ku-Jy ˛ cXn-kpJ-w (kv{Xo-kp-Jw) -hn-Ø ˛ [w - Zyp-Xnw ˛ tZl-Im¥n Ch-bp-≈-h-m-bn-cn-°pw. 5. in ]m]-mb in 3,6,10,11 `mh-ß-fnemWv KpWw sNøp-I. in n¬°p-∂Xv e·-Øn- em-sW-¶n¬, B e-·w Xs‚ cmintbm (a-I-cw, Ipw`w) D®tam (Xp-emw) -BsW-¶n¬, √ ^ew {]Xo-£n-°mw. (20) tkzmt® kzIo-b-`-ht £nXn-]m-e-Xpteym et· f ¿°tP `hXn tZi-]p-cm-[n-mYx titjjp ZpxJ-]-cn-]o-UoX Gh _mtey Zmcn-{Zy-Zpx-J-h-itKm aen-tm -f e-k-›. 1. et· A¿°tP ˛ in e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬, B e·w tkzmt® ˛ i-n-bpsS D®cmintbm (Xp-emw) kzIo-b-`-ht ˛ i-n-bpsS kzt£-{X-tam (a-I-cw,- Ipw-`w) BsW-¶n¬ £nXn-]m-e-Xpteym ˛ cmP-Xp-ey-mbn tZi-]p-cm-[n-mYx ˛ tZiØns‚tbm ]p-c-Øns‚tbm mY-mbn `hXn ˛ `hn-°p-∂p. 270
  • 191. ^eZo]nI 186 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly titjjp ˛ tijw cmin-Iƒ e·-ambn in AXn¬ n∂m¬ ZpxJ-]-cn-]o-UnX Gh _mtey ˛ _mey-Øn¬ hfsc ZpJ߃ Ap`hnt°≠n hcp∂hpw Zmcn-{Zy-Zpx-J-h-itKm aen-tm-e-k-›˛ Zcn-{Zpw aen-pw Ae-kpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (21) hnap-J-a-[a¿t∞ f ymb-h-¥w(1) N ]›m˛ ZnX-c-P--]-Yÿw bm-(2) t`m-Km¿∞-bp‡w hn]p-e-a-Xn-ap-Zmcw Zmc-kuJyw N iutcy P-bXn chn-]p-{X›mekw hn¢-_-©. (1) ]mTt`Zw: ymbh¥w (2) ymbw 2. A¿t∞ ˛ in c≠n¬ n∂m¬ hnap-Jw ˛ hnapJpw (t«mIw 8 ImWpI) -A-[w ˛ [-an-√m-Ø-hpw Aymb-h-¥ ˛ ymbw tm°mØhpw (]mTt`Zw: ymbh¥w ˛ ymbhm≥ ) ]›mXv ˛ ]n∂oSv CX-c-P--]-Yÿw ˛ adp-m-´n¬ Ign-tb≠n hcp∂-hpw bm-t`m-Km¿∞-bp‡w ˛ (At∏mƒ) hmlw, kpJw, [w- Ch-bp-≠m-Ip-∂-hpw- Bbn-cn-°pw. aebmfw hymJymßfn¬ Aymb-h-¥w ymbh¥hpw bmw ymbhpamWv. ]m]s‚ ymbw Nn¥nt°≠ hnjbamWv. 3. iutcy chn-]p-{X ˛ in aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ hn]p-e-a-Xn ˛ henb _p≤n-ampw D-Zmcw ˛ Zm-io-epw Zmc-kuJyw ˛ `mcym-kpJ-ap-≈-hpw A-ekw ˛ Ae-kpw hn¢-_w ˛ ZpJn-Xpw Bbn-cn-°pw.
  • 192. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 187 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly (22) ZpxJo kymZv Krl-bm amXr-hnbptXm _mtey kcp-Kv _-‘pt` {`mt¥m -⁄m--kp-Xm¿∞-l¿j-c-lntXm [otÿ itTm Zp¿ΩXnx _lzmio {Zhn-Wm-zntXm cn]p-ltXm (tm) [rjvS› amo cn]u Imatÿ chntP IpZm-c-n-ctXm ntkzm f ≤ztKm hnlz-ex. 4. _-‘pt` ˛ in men¬ n∂m¬ ZpxJo kymXv ˛ ZpJnbmbpw Krl -bm amXr- hnbptXm ˛ hoSv, hml-w, AΩ Ch C√m-Ø-h-mbpw _mtey kcp-Iv ˛ _mem-cnjvSv D≈-h-m-bpw `hn°pw. 5. [otÿ ˛ in A©n¬ n∂m¬ {`mt¥m- ˛ {`m¥pw ⁄m-- kp-X A¿∞- l¿j- c-lntXm˛ ⁄mhpw ]p{Xcpw [hpw kt¥mjhpw C√m-Ø-hpw itTm ˛ iTpw Zp¿ΩXn ˛ Zp¿∫p-≤nbpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 6. cn]u ˛ in Bdn¬ n∂m¬ _lzmizo ˛ Xo‰-{]n-bpw {Zhn-Wm-zntXm ˛ [n-Ipw cn]p-ltXm ˛ i{Xp-°sf Pbn-°p-∂-hpw [rjvS› ˛ [ocpw amo ˛ A`n-am-nbpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 7. Imatÿ chntP ˛ in Ggn¬ n∂m¬ IpZm-c-n-ctXm ˛ NoØ `mcy-bn¬ nc-X-pw ntkzm ˛ Zcn-{Z-pw A≤ztKm ˛ S-∂-e-bp-∂-hpw hnlz-e ˛ t]Sn-®-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw.
  • 193. ^eZo]nI 188 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (23) iss-›tcm arXn-kvYntX aeo-a-tkm f ¿itkm f hkpx Icm-f-[o¿_p-`p-£n-X-x kp-lr-÷-m-h-am-n-Xx. 8. iss-›tc arXn-kvYntX ˛ in F´n¬ n∂m¬ aeo-a-tkm ˛ aen-pw A¿itkm ˛ A¿i- p-≈-hpw Ahkp ˛ [-an-√m-Ø-h-pw Icm-f-[o ˛ Xo£vW-_p-≤n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw _p-`p-£n-X ˛ hni-∏-S-ßm-Ø-hpw -kp-lr-÷-m-h-am-n-X ˛ kplr-Øp-°-fm¬ Ah-am-n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (24) `mKym¿∞m-fl-P-Xm-X-[¿Ω-c-lntXm atμ ipt` Zp¿÷tm a{¥o hm r]-Xn¿≤o Irjn-]-cx- iqcx {]kn-t≤m f w-_tc _lzmbpx ÿnc-k-º-Zm-b-N-cntX(1) iqtcm hntcmtKm [o n¿√-÷m¿∞-kptXm hytb f w-K-hn-Item aq¿tJm cn]p-’m-cnXx (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ klnX 9. atμ ipt` ˛ in HºXn¬ n∂m¬ `mKy ˛ `mKyw A¿∞ ˛ [w Bfl-P- ˛ a°ƒ Xm-X- ˛ A—≥ [¿Ω- ˛ [¿Ωw c-lntXm ˛ Ch-bn-√m-Ø-h-mbpw Zp¿÷tm ˛ Zp¿÷--ambpw `hn-°pw. 10. Aw_tc ˛ in ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ a{¥o ˛ a{¥n hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ r]-Xn ˛ cmPmhpw [o ˛ [n-Ipw Irjn-]-c ˛ I¿j-Ipw -iqc ˛ iqcpw {]knt≤m ˛ {]kn-≤pw Bbn-cn-°pw.
  • 194. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 189 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly f f 11. BbNcntX (klntX) -˛ in ]Xn-sm∂n¬ n∂m¬ _lzmbp ˛ hfsc Bbp- p-≈-hpw ÿnc-k-º-Xv ˛ in-°m-Ø- kzØp≈hpw (ÿn-c-h-cp-am--ap-≈-h-pw) iqtcm ˛ iqcpw hntcmtKm (hntcmKo) ˛ tcmK-ß-fn-√m-Ø-hpw [o ˛ [nIpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 12. hytb ˛ in ]{¥-≠n¬ n∂m¬ n¿√÷m¿∞ kptXm ˛ mWw, [w, a°ƒ Ch C√mØ-h-pw Aw-K-hn-Item ˛ hnI-emw-Kpw aq¿tJm ˛ hnh-c-an-√m-Ø-hpw cn]p-’m-cn-X ˛ i{Xp-°-fm¬ tXm¬∏n-°-s∏-´-hpw BIpw. 8. cmlp cmlphpw tIXphpw 3,6,11 `mh-ß-fn-emWv KpWw sNøp-I. (25) et· f lmh Nncm-bp-c¿∞-_-e-hm-q¿≤zmw-K-tcm-Km-zn-X˛ —t∂m-‡n¿ap-J-cpKv {hWo (1) r]-[o hntØ ktcm-jx -kpJo amo {`mXr-hn-tcm-[tIm ZrV-a-Xnx- iutcy Nncm-bp¿≤o aq¿tJm thiva-n - Zpx-J-IrXv kkp-lr-Z¬∏mbpx IZm-NnXv kpJo (4). ]mT-t`Zw ˛ (1) LrWo (2) thiva-hnZpx-J (3) kptJ 1. et·f lmh ˛ cmlp e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ ANncm-bp ˛ Bbp p Ipd-™hpw -A¿∞- _-e-hm-≥ ˛ [w, _ew Ch-bp-≈-hpw Du¿≤zmw-K-tcm-Km-zn-X ˛ intcm-tcm-Kn-bpw BIpw. 2. hntØ ˛ cmlp c≠n¬ n∂m¬ Ot∂m-‡n ˛ ad-®p-sh®p kwkm-cn-°p-∂-hpw ap-J-cpIv ˛ apJtcmK-ß-fp-≈-hpw {hWo ˛ {hW-ap-≈-hpw r]-[o ˛ cmP-[--tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw ktcm-j- ˛ tZzjy-°m-cpw kpJo ˛ kpJn-bmbpw `hn-°pw. ? ? ?
  • 195. ^eZo]nI 190 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 3. iutcy ˛ cmlp aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ amo ˛ A`n-am-nbpw {`mXr-hn-tcm-[tIm ˛ ktlm-Z-c-∑m¿°p hntcm[w sNøp-∂-hpw ZrV-a-Xn- ˛ Dd® a- p-≈-hpw Nncm-bp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈-hpw [o ˛ [n-Ipw Bbn-cn-°pw. 4. thivan ˛ cmlp men¬ n∂m¬ aq¿tJm ˛ aq¿Jpw (A-dn-hn-√m-Ø-h-pw) Zpx-J-IrXv ˛ ho´n¬ ZpJ-ß-fp-≠m-°p-∂-hpw kkp-lr-Zv ˛ kplr-Øp-°-fp-≈-hpw A¬∏mbp ˛ A¬∏m-bp pw IZm-NnXv kpJo ˛ Nnet∏mƒ kpJnbpw Bbncn-°pw. (26) mtkm-Zy-Zz-Ntm kptX ITn--lr-{Zmtlm kptX Ip£n-cpIv ZznSv{Iq-c-{K-l-]o-Un-X-x k-Kp-Z-cpIv {ioam≥ Nncmbpx £tX kv{Xokw-Km-Z-[tm atZ N hn[ptcm (1) f hocy-kz-X-t{¥m f ¬∏[o ct{‘ f ¬∏mbp-c-ip-≤n-Ir® hnItem hmXm-a-tbm f ¬]m-flPx. 5. - cmlu kptX ˛ cmlp A©n¬ n∂m¬ mtkm-Zy-Zz-Ntm ˛ aq°p-sIm≠p kwkm-cn-°p-∂-hpw AkptXm ˛ a°-fn-√m-Ø-hpw ITn--lrØv ˛ ITn--lr-Z-bpw Ip£n-cpIv ˛ DZ-c-tcm-Knbpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 6. £tX ˛ cmlp Bdn¬ n∂m¬ ZznSv{Iq-c-{K-l-]o-Un-X- ˛ i{Xp-{Iqc-{K-l-ß-fm¬ ]oUn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-hpw Kp-Z-cpIv ˛ KpZ (aqe°pcp) -tcm-Kn-bmbpw {ioam≥ ˛ {ioam-mbpw ([-n-I-m-bpw) Nncmbp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈-h-mbpw `hn-°pw. 7. atZ ˛ cmlp Ggn¬ n∂m¬ kv{Xokw-Km-Z-[tm ˛ kv{Xo_‘waqew n¿≤mIp∂hpw hn[ptcm ˛ `mcy -a-cn-®-hpw Ahocy ˛ hocyw C√m-Ø-hpw - kz-X-t{¥m ˛ kzX-{¥pw A¬∏[o ˛ A¬∏-_p-≤n-bpw Bbn-cn-°pw.
  • 196. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 191 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 8. ct{‘ ˛ cmlp F´n¬ n∂m¬ A¬∏mbp- ˛ Bbp- p-Ip-d-™-hpw Aip-≤n-IrXv ˛ Aip≤am°p-∂hpw hnItem ˛ hnI-epw hmXm-a-b ˛ hmX-tcm-Kn--bpw A¬]m-flP ˛ a°ƒ Ipd-™-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (27) [¿Ωtÿ {]Xn-Iq-e-hm-§-W-]p-c-{Km-am-[nt]m f ]pWy-hm≥(1) JymXx tJ f ¬∏-kp-tXm -f y-Im-cy-n-cXx k¬°¿Ω-lo-tm- f `bx {ioam-∂m-Xn-kp-X-›n-cm-bp-c-kptc emt` kI¿Æm-abx {]O-∂m-L-ctXm _lp-hy-b-Itcm cnt^ f w_p-cp-Iv]o-Un-Xx. ]mTt`Zw (1) ]pWyhm≥ 9. [¿Ωtÿ ˛ cmlp HºXn¬ n∂m¬ {]Xn-Iq-e-hm-Iv ˛ FXn¿]-d-bp-∂-hpw KW-]p-c-{Km-am-[nt]m ˛ KWw, ]pcw, {Kmaw F∂n-h-bpsS A[n-]pw A]pWy-hm≥ ˛ ]pWy-an√m-Ø-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 10. tJ ˛ cmlp ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ JymX ˛ {]i-kvXpw A¬∏-kpX ˛ a°ƒ Ipd-™-hpw Ay-Im-cy-n-cX ˛ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Imcy-ß-fn¬ nc-Xpw k¬°¿Ω-lo-tm ˛ kXvI¿Ω-߃ sNøm-Ø-h-pw- A`b ˛ n¿`-bpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 11. Akptc emt` ˛ cmlp ]Xn-sm∂n¬ n∂m¬ {ioam≥ ˛ [-hmpw- A-Xn-kp-X ˛ A[nIw a°ƒ C√mØ-hpw -Nn-cm-bp ˛ Zo¿Lm-bp- p-≈hpw -I¿Æm-ab ˛ sNhn-tcm-K-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-hpw BIpw. 12. cnt^ ˛ cmlp ]{¥≠n¬ n∂m¬ {]O-∂ AL- ctXm ˛ cl-ky-ambn ]m]-߃ sNøp-∂-hpw _lp-hy-b-Itcm ˛ henb Nne-hp-Im-cpw Aw_p-cp-Iv]o-Un-X ˛ PetZmj-Øm¬ hnj-an-°p-∂-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw.
  • 197. ^eZo]nI 192 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 9. tIXp (28) et· IrXLvakpJw ]nipw hnh¿Æw ÿm-NypXnw hnI-e-tZ-l-a-k-Xvk-`mPw (1) hnZym¿∞-lo--a-[-tam-‡n-bpXw IpZrjvSnw ]m]x (2) ]cm-∂-n-cXx IpcptX [-ÿx. ]mTt`Zw : (1) a-k-XZva-`mPw, (2) ]m-Xx 1. ]m] (]mXx) -˛ tIXp et· ˛ e·-Øn¬ n∂m¬ IrXLv ˛ μn-sI-´-hpw AkpJw ˛ kpJ-an-√m-Ø-hpw ]nipw ˛ {Iqcpw / pWbpw hnh¿Æw ˛ ndt`Zap≈hpw ÿm-NypXw ˛ ÿm{`jvSpw hnI-e-tZ-l ˛ hnI-emw-Kpw -Ak-Xv k`mPw ˛ Atbm-Ky-cp-am-bp≈ Iq´p-sI-´p-≈-hpw (Bbn-cn-°pw.) 2. [-ÿ ˛ tIXp c≠n¬ n∂m¬ hnZym¿∞-lo- ˛ ]Tn∏pw ]Whpw C√m-Ø-h-pw -A-[-tam-‡n-bpXw ˛ Ak`yw ]d-bp-∂-h-pw IpZrjvSnw ˛ ZrjvSn°p XIcmdp-≈-h-pw- ]cm-∂-n-cX ˛ Ays‚ `£-Ww-sIm≠p Ign-bp-∂-hpw (Bbn-cn-°pw.) (29) Bbp¿∫ew [-bix {]a-Zm-∂-kuJyw tIXu XrXo-b-`-ht kl-P-{]-Wmiw `qt£-{X-bm--P--o-kp-J-P-∑-`qanw miw kptJ ]c-Kr-l-ÿn-Xn-tah ]m]x 3. tIXu XrXo-b-`-ht ˛ tIXp aq∂n¬ n∂m¬ Bbp¿∫ew ˛ Bbp v [ ˛ [w bi ˛ {]ikvXn {]a-Zm A-∂- kuJyw ˛ kv{Xokp-Jw, `£-W-kpJw kl-P-{]-Wmiw ˛ ktlmZ-c-m-iw F∂nh ^ew.
  • 198. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 193 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly 4. kptJ ˛ tIXp men¬ n∂m¬ `q ˛ `qkzØv t£-{X ˛ hoSv- bm- ˛ hmlw- P--o ˛ amXmhv kp-J- ˛ kpJw P-∑-`qan ˛ Pn® mSv miw ˛˛ Chbv°p miw, ]c-Kr-l-ÿn-Xn-tah ˛ Ay-Krlhmkw F∂nh ^ew. (tIXp men¬ n∂m¬ F√mw in®p mSp-hn-Spw, InS-°m-smcp hoSp-t]mepw kz¥-ambn D≠m-hn√ F∂p kqN.) (30) ]p{X£bw PT-c-tcmK]n-im-N-]oUmw Zp¿∫p≤nam-fln Je-{]-Ir-Xnw N ]m]x (]mXx) HuZm-cy-ap-Ø-a-KpWw ZrVXmw {]kn≤nw jjvtT {]`p-Xz-a-cn-h¿≤-(1) -an-jvS-kn-≤nw. (1) ]mTt`Zw: Acnh¿≤w ˛ i{Xph¿≤ 5. B-fln ˛ tIXp A©n¬ n∂m¬ ]p{X£bw ˛ k¥-Xo-m-iw PT-c-tcmK ˛ DZ-c-tcmKw - ]n-im-N-]oUmw ˛ Zp¿Ωq¿Øn _m[- Zp¿∫p≤n ˛ ]ng® _p≤n Je-{]-Ir-Xn ˛ ZpjvS-{]-IrXn (Ch ^ew.) 6. jjvtT ˛ tIXp Bdn¬ n∂m¬ HuZm-cy ˛ DZm-cX DØ-a-KpWw ˛ kZvKpWw ZrUXmw ˛ Zm¿Vyw {]kn≤n ˛ {]ikvXn {]`p-Xz- ˛ {]`p-Xzw, Acn-a¿±-w ˛ i{XpPbw C-jvS-kn-≤nw ˛ CjvS-em`w (Ch ^ew.) (31) Zyqt- f h-amak-Xo-c-Xn-am-{¥-tcmKw ]m](X) -kz-Zm-c-hn-bp-Xnw- a-Z-[m-Xp-lmnw
  • 199. ^eZo]nI 194 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly kz¬∏m-bp-cn-jvS-hn-clw Ielw N ct{‘ ikv{X-£-Xw kI-e-Im-cy-hntcm[tah. 7. Zyqt- ˛ tIXp Ggn¬ n∂m¬ Ah-am-- ˛ Ah-amw A-k-Xo-c-Xn ˛ NoØ -kv{Xo-I-fp-ambn _‘w -B-{¥-tcmKw -˛ B-{¥-hr≤n (hrjWØn¬ ocv) kz-Zm-c-hn-bpXnw ˛ `mcy-tbmSp ]ncn™ncn-°p-I aZ-[m-Xp-lmnw ˛ hocy-jvSw Ch ^ew. 8. ct{‘ ˛ tIXp F´n¬ n∂m¬ kz¬]m-bp- ˛ A¬∏m-bp v CjvS-hn-clw ˛ CjvS-s∏-´-hsc ]ncn™n-cn-t°≠n hcnI Ielw ˛ hg°v ikv{X-£-X- ˛ Bbp-[--߃sIm≠p apdnhv k-I-e-Im-cy-hn-tcm[-ta-h ˛ F√m-Ønepw XS w (Ch ^ew.) (32) ]m]-{]-hr-Øn-a-ip`w ]nXr-`m-Ky-low Zmcn-{Zy-am-cy-P--Zq-j-W-am-l- [¿tΩ kXvI¿Ω-hn-Lv-a-ip-Nn-Xz-a-h-Zy-IrXyw tXtPm- f ipt`m(1) `kn iucy-a-Xn-{]-kn-≤nw. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ tXP-kznw 9. [¿tΩ - - ˛ tIXp HºXn¬ n∂m¬ ]m]-{]-hr-Øn- ˛ ]m]-{]-h¿Øn-Iƒ Aip`w ˛ Aip`w ]nXr-`m-Ky-low ˛ A—pw `mKyhpw C√m-Xn-cn-°pI Zmcn-{Zyw ˛ Zmcn-{Zyw Bcy-P--Zq-j-Ww ˛ t{ijvT-nμ Ch ^ew. 10. `kn ˛ tIXp ]Øn¬ n∂m¬ kXvI¿Ω-hn-Lvw- ˛ √ I¿Ω-߃°p XS w Aip-Nn-Xz-w ˛ hrØn-tISv / Aip≤w A-h-Zy-IrXyw ˛ Acp-Xm-ØXp sNøpI tXtPm- ˛ tXP v Aipt`m ˛ Aip-`≥ (tI-Xp) iucy-w ˛ iucy-w A-Xn-{]-kn-≤n ˛ t]cpw s]cp-abpw Ch ^ew.
  • 200. A≤ymbw 8 -(`mhm{i-b-^ew) 195 Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly (33) emt` f ¿∞-k-©-b-a-t-I-KpWw kpt`mKw k{Zhytkm]IcWw kI-em¿∞kn≤nw (1) {]—-∂-]m-]-a-[ahyb-a¿∞-miw cnt^ hncp-≤-K-Xn-a-£n-cpPw N ]mXx. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ kptim-`apZy-Zv{K-tlm-]-I-cWw kI-em¿∞ kn≤nw 11. emt` ˛ tIXp ]Xn-sm∂n¬ n∂m¬ A¿∞-k-©-bw ˛ kºØv At-I-KpWw ˛ kZvKpW߃ kptim-` ˛ icocIm¥n- (]mTt`Zw: kpt`mK ˛t`mKmp`hw) Kr-tlm-]-I-cWw ˛ ho´p-km-a-{Kn-Iƒ kI-em¿∞ kn≤nw ˛ B{K-ln-®-sX√mw S°pI Ch ^ew. 12. cnt^ ˛ tIXp ]{¥-≠n¬ n∂m¬ {]—-∂-]m-]-w ˛ ad-®p-sh® ]m]w A[ahybw ˛ Zp¿hybw A¿∞-miw ˛ [-miw hncp-≤-K-Xn ˛ hn]coX_p≤n A-£n-cpPw ˛ t{X-tcmKw (F∂nh ^ew.) Xtam{KlambXnm¬ Hcp XnI™ ]m]s∂ nebv°mWv tIXphnss°m≠p≈ ^e߃ ChnsS hnhcn®n´p≈Xv. PmXI߃ HØp tm°n Xømdm°nbX√, D≈ nba߃ hnIkn∏ns®SpØXmWv F∂p hy‡w. ^eZo]nIbpsS am{Xa√, F√m ^etPymXnj{KŸßfptSbpw ÿnXn CXpXs∂bmWv. F∂m¬ B[pnItPymXnjØns‚ hcthmsS Cu Ahÿbv°p am‰w h∂n´p≠v. nbaßtf°mf[nIw Ap`hØnv Du∂¬ sImSp°p∂ Cu coXn{]Imcw Zm¿inIamb Imcyßfn¬ tIXphnp henb kzm[oap≠v. 10. ^e-{]m]vXn (34) DZ-b¿£mw-i-kv^p-S-Xp-eymwti nh-k≥ ]q¿Æw ^e-amZ(-[)tØ in-h-{Zmlp IpP-hXv tIXpx ^e-ZmXm kymZnl kwt{]m-‡x.
  • 201. ^eZo]nI 196 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly DZb¿£mwi....ta¬∏-d™ ^e-߃ ]q¿Æambn e`n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ {Kl-ÿnXn e·-Øn¬ e·-kv^p-S-Ønp Xpey-am-IWw. in-h-{Zmlp... cmlp in-sb-t∏m-sebpw tIXp IpP-s-t∏m-sebpw ^ew ¬Ipw. (35) `mh-k-amw-i-I-kwÿm `mh-^ew ]q¿Æ-tah Ie-b¥n yqm-[n-Imw-i-h-iXx ^e-hr-≤n¿{lm-kXm hmNy. `mhkamwiI...{Kl-kv^pSw `mh-kv^p-S-Ønp Xpey-sa-¶n¬ ]q¿Æ-^-ew e`n-°pw. Cu kv^pS--߃ XΩn-¬ hyXym-k-ap-s≠-¶n¬ B hyXymka-p-k-cn®v ^eØnepw am‰w hcpw. IqSmsX, ]q¿Æ ^ew In´Wsa¶n¬ {Kl߃°pw `mh߃°pw ]q¿Æ_ew ({Kl_ehpw `mh_ehpw) thWw. _ew Ipdbpw tXmdpw ^ehpw Ipdbpw.
  • 202. Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 9. (e·^ehpw {Kl-ÿnXn^eßfpw) 197 A≤ymbw 9 {Kl߃ cmin-I-fn¬ e·^ehpw {Kl-߃ cmin-I-fn¬ n∂-mep-≈- ^-e-ßfpw hnjbhnhcw 1. tajmZn e·-^ew 2. {Kl߃ D®cmin, kzt£{Xw XpSßnbhbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew. 1. ^e߃ Nn¥nt°≠ hn[w 2 .{Kl-߃ D®-Øn¬ 3. {Kl-߃ kzt£{X-Øn¬ 4. {Kl-߃ an{Xt£{X-Øn¬ 5. {Kl-߃ i{Xpt£{X-Øn¬ 6. {Kl-߃ oN-Øn¬ 7. {KlØnp auVy-aps≠¶n¬ 8. {Kl-߃ ka-t£{XØn¬ 9. {Kl-߃ h{IKXnbn¬ 10. h¿t§m-Øa^ew 1. tajmZn e·-^ew (1) hrtØ-£tWm Zp¿∫-e-Pm-p-cpt{Km `ocp¿Pte kym√-Lp-`pIv kpImao k©m-c-io-e-›-]-tem -f r-tXm-‡n¿˛ {hWm-¶n-XmwKx {Inbt` {]Pm-Xx. 1. taS-e·w hrtØ-£tWm ˛ hrØ-amb IÆpIfp≈h≥ Zp¿∫-e-Pm-px ˛ Zp¿∫-e-amb -Im¬ap´ptfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥. D{K ˛ D{K≥ `ocp¿÷te ˛ PeØn¬ t]Sn. e-Lp-`pIv - ˛ eLp-hmbn am{Xw `£n-°p-∂-h≥ kpImao ˛ ImahnImcw IqSpXep≈h≥ k©m-c-io-e-x ˛ bm{X-Iƒ CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥
  • 203. ^eZo]nI 198 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly - N]-tem ˛ N]-e≥, a nv Dd∏n√mØh≥ Ar-tXm-‡nx ˛ pW- ]d-bp-∂-h≥ {hWm-¶n-XmwKx ˛ apdn-∏m-Sp≈ icocw {Inbt` {]Pm-Xx. ˛ taSw cminbn¬ / taSw cmin DZn-®p-sIm-≠n- cp-∂-t∏mƒ (taSw e·-Øn¬) Pn-®-h≥. (2) ]rYq-cp-h{‡x Irjn-I¿Ω-Ir-’ym˛ ∑≤ym-¥-kuJyx {]a-Zm-{]n-b› XymKo £ao t¢i-k-l› tKmam≥ ]rjvTky ]m¿tiz- f ¶-bptXm hrtjm∞x. 2. CShw e·w hrtjm∞x ˛ CS-h-e·Øn¬ Pn®m¬ ]rYq Du-cp- h{‡x ˛ ]rYp-hmb Ducp-°fpw h{‡hpw. XSn® XpS-ItfmSpw apJtØmSpw IqSnbhpw Irjn-I¿Ω-IrXv ˛ I¿j-Ipw a≤y A¥-- kuJyx ˛ Pohn-X-Øns‚ a≤y`mKØpw Ah-km- `mKØpw kpJw- Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw {]a-Zm- {]n-bx N ˛ kv{Xo-I-fn¬ {]nb-ap-≈-hpw (kv{XoIƒ°p {]nbs∏´-h≥ F∂pw ImWp∂p.) XyvmKo ˛ XymK-io-epw £ao ˛ £am-io-epw t¢i-k-lx N ˛ t¢i-߃ kln-°p-∂-hpw tKmam≥ ˛ ]ip-°-fp-≈-hpw ]rjvTky ]m¿tiz- A¶bptXm ˛ ]rjvT-Øns‚ ]m¿iz-`m-KØv AS-bm-f-ap-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. (]r-jvT Bky ]m¿tiz Fs∂-SpØv ]n≥-`m-KØpw apJØpw ]m¿iz`mKØpw F∂pw Hcp hymJymw ImWp-∂p.) (3) iymta-£Wx Ip©n-X-aq¿≤Px kv{Xo˛ {IoUm-p-c-‡› ]tcw-Kn-X⁄x DØpw-K-mkx {]nb-Ko-X-rtØm hk≥ kZm-¥- -Zt N bpt‹. 3. anYpw e·w bpt‹ ˛ anYpw e·Øn¬ Pn®m¬ iym Cu£Wx ˛ IdpØ IÆp-Iƒ
  • 204. Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 9. (e·^ehpw {Kl-ÿnXn^eßfpw) 199 Ip©n-X-aq¿≤Px ˛ Npcp≠ Xe-apSn kv{Xo{IoUm-p-c-‡x ˛ kv{Xo{Io-U-bn¬ Ap-c-‡≥ ]c Cw-Kn-X⁄x ˛ a‰-p≈-h-cpsS a nep≈Xv Adn-bp-∂-h≥ DØpw-K-mkx ˛ Db¿∂ aq°v {]nb-Ko-X-rtØm ˛ ]m´nepw rØ-Ønepw {]nb-ap-≈-h≥ hk≥ kZm A¥x k-Zt ˛ Ft∏mgpw ho´np≈n¬Øs∂ Ign-bm≥ CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥. (4) kv{Xon¿÷nXx ]o-K-f-x kant{Xm _lzm-ebkvXpwK-I-Sn¿≤-mVyx {lkz› ht{Im {ZpXKx Ipfotc ta[m-zn-X-kvtXm-b-c-tXm f ¬∏-]p{Xx 4. I¿°-SIw e·w Ipfotc ˛ I¿°-S-I-e-·-Øn¬ Pn-®m¬ kv{Xon¿÷nXx ˛ kv{XoI-tfmSp hnt[-b-Xz-ap-≈-h≥ ]o-K-fx- ˛ XSn® IgpØv kant{Xm ˛ an{X-ß-fp-≈-h≥ _lzm-ebx ˛ AtIw hoSpIƒ D≈-h≥ XpwK-I-Snx ˛ Db¿∂ Ac-s°´v [-mVyx ˛ [m-Vy≥ {lkzx ˛ Dbcw Ipd-™-h≥ ht{Im ˛ hfhp≈h≥ {ZpXKx ˛ thK-Øn¬ t]mIp-∂-h≥ ta[m-zn-X ˛ _p≤n-am≥ - tXm-b-c-tXm ˛ Pe-Øn¬ X¬∏-c≥ A¬∏-]p{Xx ˛ ]p{X¿ Ipd-hv. (5) ]nwtK-£Wx ÿqe-l-p¿hn-im-e˛ ht{‡m- f `n-amo k]-cm-{I-ax- kymXv Ip]y-Xy-Imtcy h-ssi-e-Kmao amXr-hn-tbmKx(1) ÿnc-[o¿ar-tK-t{μ. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ amXr-hn-t[b 4. Nnßw e·w artKt{μ ˛ Nnßw e·-Øn¬ Pn-®m¬ ]nwtK-£Wx ˛ ]nwK--n-d-Ønep≈ IÆp-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥. (]nwKw ˛ a™bpw Nph∏pw Ie¿∂ ndw) ÿqe-l-px ˛ XSn® XmSnsb√v
  • 205. ^eZo]nI 200 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly hn-im-eht{‡m- ˛ hnim-e-amb apJw / hmb A`n-amo ˛ A`namn k]-cm-{I-a ˛ ]cm-{Ian Ip]yXn AImtcy ˛ Imcy-an-√m-sX tIm]n-°p-∂-h≥ h-ssi-e-Kmao ˛ Im´nepw aebnepw Kan-°p-∂-h≥ amXr-hn-tbmKx ˛ amXm-hns‚ hntbmKw (amXr-hn-t[b ˛ amXm-hntmSphnt[b-Xzw F∂pw ImWp∂p.) ÿnc-[o ˛ Cf°an√mØ a v / _p≤n (6) {kkvXmwk_mlpx ]c-hn-Ø-tK-sslx kw]q-PytX kXy-cXx {]ntbm‡nx {hofm-e-km-£-x kp-c-X-{]n-b-kym˛ —mkv{Xm¿∞-hn-®m¬∏-kp-tXmw-K-mbmw. 5. I∂n e·w {kkvXmwk_mlpx ˛ th¿s]´ / ZrVa√mØ tXmfp-Ifpw ssIIfpw ]c -hn-Ø- tK-sslx kw]q-PytX ˛ a‰p≈hcpsS [hpw hoSpw sIm≠v amn°s∏Sp∂h≥. {]ntbm‡nx ˛ CjvSw ]d-bp-∂-h≥ {hofm-e-km-£-. ˛ e÷sIm≠v Ae-k-amb IÆp-ItfmSp IqSnbh≥ kp-c-X-{]n-bx- ˛ kpc-X-Øn¬ {]nb-ap-≈-h≥ imkv{Xm¿∞-hnXv ˛ imkv{Xm¿∞ßfn¬, imkv{Xm¿∞-N¿®I-fn¬, hnZzm≥, -A¬∏-kp-tXm ˛ a°ƒ Ipd-hv. (7) NeXvIr-imw-tKm f ¬∏-kp-tXm- f Xn-`t‡m tZh-Zzn-Pm-m-aStm Zznmam {]mwip› Z£x {Ib-hn-{I-tbjp [otcm f c (1) - b-kvXu-enn a≤y-hm-Zo. (1) ]mT-t`Zw ˛ AZb, A`b 6. Xpemw e·w Xu-enn ˛ Xpemw e·-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ Ne¬Ir-imw-tKm ˛ Nen-°p-∂Xpw Iri-hp-amb AwK-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥
  • 206. Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 9. (e·^ehpw {Kl-ÿnXn^eßfpw) 201 A¬∏-kp-tXm ˛ a°ƒ Ipd™ncn°pw - AXn-`t‡m tZh-Zzn-Pm-mw ˛ tZh∑-mcnepw -{_m-“-W-cnepw hfsc `‡nbp≈h≥ Zznmam ˛ c≠p t]cp-≈h≥ {]mwipx ˛ s]m°-ap-≈-h≥ Z£x {Ib-hn-{In-tbjp ˛ I®-h-S-Øn¬ ka¿∞≥ [otcm ˛ [oc≥ a≤y-hm-Zo ˛ X¿°-ß-fn¬ a≤y-ÿ≥. (8) hrtØmcpPwLx ]rYpt{X-h£m tcmKo iniptXz Kpcp-Xm-X-lox {Iqc-{Intbm cmP-Ip-em-`n-apJyx IotS- f _vP-tc-JmMvInX]mWn-]m-Zx. 8. hr›nIw e·w IotS- ˛ hr›nIe·-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ hrtØmcpPwL ˛ hrØsamØ XpSIfpw ap´p-Ifpw ]rYpt{X-h£m ˛ ]rYp-hmb t{Xßfpw h£ pw., (hen-b IÆpIfpw hncn™amdpw) tcmKo iniptXz ˛ ssii-h-Øn¬ tcmKn (_m-em-cn-jvSp-Iƒ) Kpcp- Xm-X -lox ˛ Kpcphpw XmXpw C√m-Ø-h≥, (]nXmhns‚ kwc£Wtam Kpcphns‚ in£Wtam e`n°mØh≥) {Iqc-{Intbm ˛ {Iqc-{]-h¿Øn-Iƒ sNøp-∂-h≥, ZpjvS≥ cmP-Ip-em-`n-apJyx ˛ cmP-Ip-e-tØmSv B`n-ap-Jy-ap-≈-h≥, (`cn°p∂hcpsS klmbap≈h≥) A_vP-tc-JmMvInX]mWn-]m-Zx ˛ Xmac∏phns‚ ASbmfap≈ ssIImepI tfmSp IqSn-b-h≥. (9) Zo¿Lm-ky-IWvTx ]rYp-I¿Æ-mkx I¿tΩm-ZypXx Ip_vP-X-p¿r-t]jvSx {]mK-¤y-`mIv XymK-bptXm f cnl¥m kmavss-I-km-t≤ym- f -izn-`thm _em-Vyx. (1) ]mTt`Zw: {]mK-¤y-hmIv 9. [p e·w Aizn-`thm ˛ [p e·-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ Zo¿L Bky- IWvTx ˛ Zo¿L-amb apJhpw Igp-Øpw
  • 207. ^eZo]nI 202 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]rYp -I¿Æ- mkx ˛ XSn® sNhnbpw aq°pw. I¿tΩm-ZypXx ˛ {]h¿Ø--n-c-X≥. {]mK¤y`mIv ˛ {]K¤≥ Ip_vP -X-px ˛ Iqp≈ icocw r-t]jvSx ˛ r]v CjvS-am-b-h≥ XymK-bptXm ˛ XymK-io-e≥ Acnl¥m ˛ i{Xp-°sf h[n-°p-∂-h≥ kmavss-I-km-t≤ym -˛ √ hm°pIsfs°m≠p kzm[on°mhp∂h≥ _em-Vyx ˛ i‡≥. (10) A[x-Ir-i-x kXz-bptXm Krlo-X˛ hmtIym f -e-tkm f K-ay-P-cmw-K-tjvSx [¿Ω-≤ztPm `mKy-bp-tXm- f S-› hmXm¿ZntXm {I-`thm hne÷x. 10. aIc e·w {I-`thm -˛ aI-c-e-·-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ A[x-Ir-i- ˛ Acbv°p Xmsg saen™ icocw k-Xz-bptXm ˛ Dƒ°cptØmSp IqSn-b-h≥. . (k’z`mhn F∂pw ImWp∂p.) Krlo-X hmtIym ˛ kzoI-cn-°s∏Sp∂ hmt°m-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥, Pk-Ω-X≥ Aetkm ˛ Ae-k≥, aSn-b≥ AK-ay- P-cmw-K- CjvSx ˛ hr≤Ifnepw {]m]n-°m≥ ]mSn-√mØ kv{XoIfnepw Xm-¬∏cyap-≈-h≥ [¿Ω-≤ztPm ˛ [¿Ωw sImSn-bSbmfam-bn-´p-≈-h≥. ([¿Ωw sImSnbn¬ am{Xta ImWq. Bƒ A[m¿ΩnImbncn°pw.) `mKy-bp-tXm ˛ `mKy-ap-≈-h≥ AS-x ˛ tZim-S--°m-c≥ - hmXm¿±ntXm - ˛ hmX-tcm-Kn. hne÷x ˛ e÷-bn-√m-Ø-h≥, mWw-sI-´-h≥. (11) {]—-∂-]mt]m LS-Xp-ey-tZtlm hnLm-X-Z-t£m f -≤z-k-tlm f ¬∏-hnØx ep_v[x ]cm¿∞o £b-hr-≤n-bpt‡m LtSm-¤hx kymXv {]nb-K-‘-]pjv]x.
  • 208. Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 9. (e·^ehpw {Kl-ÿnXn^eßfpw) 203 11. Ipw`w e·w LtSm-¤hx ˛ Ip`w e·-Øn¬ Pn-®-h≥ {]—-∂-]mt]m -˛ ad®psh® ]m]-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥. LS-Xp-ey-tZtlm ˛ IpSw.t]m-ep≈ ico-cw. hnLm-X-Z-t£m ˛ XS ßƒ D≠m-°p-∂-Xn¬ - k-a¿∞≥. A≤z-k-tlm. . ˛ o≠ SØw kln°p∂h≥ A¬∏-hnØx ˛ A[nIw [-an-√m-Ø-h≥ ep_v[x ˛ ep_v[≥, ]nip-°≥ ]cm¿∞o ˛ AycpsS [tØmSpIqSnbh≥ £b-hr-≤n-bpt‡m ˛ -˛ Db¿®Ifpw Xmgv®Ifpw D≈h≥ {]nb-K-‘-]pjv]x. ˛ hmkIfpw ]q°fpw CjvSs∏Sp∂h≥ (12) AXyw-_p-]m--x k-a-Nm-cptZlx kzZm-c-K-kvtXm-b-P-hn-Ø-t`m‡m hnZzm≥ IrX-t⁄m- f `n-`-h-Xy-an-{Xm≥ ipt`-£tWm `mKy-bp-tXm- f ¥y-cm-ti. 12. aow e·w A¥y-cmti ˛ ao-e-·-Øn¬ Pn-®m¬ AXyw-_p-]m-- ˛ hfsc sh≈w IpSn-°p-∂-h≥ k-a-Nm-cptZlx ˛ kahpw Nmcp-hp-amb tZlw. (Nmcp ˛ `wKnbp≈, .kaw ˛ XpeyXbp≈, GIcq]amb, Cc´bmb ....(i_vZXmcmhen) kzZm-c-K ˛ kz¥w `mcy-tbm-Sp- (am{Xw) _‘w ]pe¿Øp∂-h≥ tXm-b-P -hn-Ø- t`m‡m ˛ Pe-hpamtbm Pehn`hßfpamtbm _‘s∏´ hcpamw. Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-h≥. hnZzm≥ ˛ ]finX≥ IrX-t⁄m ˛ μn-bp-≈-h≥ - A`n-`-h-Xn A-an-{Xm≥ ˛ i{Xp-°sf Pbn-°p-∂-h≥ ipt`-£tWm ˛ hiyamb IÆpItfmSpIqSnbh≥ `mKy-bp-tXm ˛ `mKy-hm≥. (13) cmtix kz`m-hm-{i-b-cq-]-h¿Æm≥ ⁄mXzm-p-cq-]mWn ^emn Xky bp‡ym htZZ{X ^ew hnet· b®-{μ-e-t· f ]n XtZh hmNyw
  • 209. ^eZo]nI 204 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2. {Kl߃ D®cmin, kzt£{Xw XpSßnbhbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew. 1.^e߃ Nn¥nt°≠ hn[w cmtix kz`m-h B-{i-b- cq-] -h¿Æm≥ ⁄mXzm- ˛ cmin-bpsS kz`m-hw, B{i-bw, cq]w, h¿Æw F∂nh Adn-™n´v Ap-cq-]mWn ^emn Xky bp‡ym htZXv ˛ Ap-cq-]-amb ^e߃ bp‡n-]q¿hw ]d-bWw. A{X ^ew hnet· b®-{μ-e-t· A]n XtZh hmNyw ˛ Cu ^e߃ e·w sh®pw N{μ-e·w (PmXIØn¬ N{μ≥ n¬°p∂ cmin) sh®pw ]cn-tim-[n-®p ]dbWw. (14) {Ktl kXn ntPm-®tK `hXn cXv-K¿`m-[nt]m alo-]-Xn-Ir-X-kvXp-Xn¿a-ln-X-k-º-Zm-am-ebx DZm-c-Kp-W-kw-bptXm PbXn hn{I-am¿t°m bYm tb bikn hn{Ita hnX-ctW [rXu Iui-te. 2 .{Kl-߃ D®-Øn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ -^ew {Ktl kXn ntPm-®tK `hXn ˛ P--Øn-¶¬ {Kl-߃ kz¥w D®-cm-in-I-fn- emsW-¶n¬ cXv-K¿`m-[nt]m ˛ ˛ `qanbpsS A[n]≥ alo-]-Xn-Ir-X-kvXp-Xnx ˛ cmPm-hn-m¬ kvXpXn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h≥ a-ln-X-k-º-Zm-am-ebx ˛ henb kº-Øns‚ Ccn-∏n-Sw DZm-c-Kp-W-kw-bptXm ˛ HuZm-cy-io-e≥ tb bikn hn{Ita hnX-ctW [rXu Iui-te ˛ bw, bi- v, hn{Iaw, Zmw, _p≤n, Iuiew XpS-ßn-b-h-sIm≠v PbXn hn{I-am¿t°m bYm ˛ hn{I-am-Zn-Xy-s-t∏mepw Pbn-°pw. - -(15) kza-μn-c-KtX {Ktl {]`p-]-cn-{K-lm-Zm-bXnw {]`p-Xz-a]n hm Krl-ÿn-Xn- a-N-©emw {]m]vp-bmXv hw `h--ap¿h-cm-£n-Xn-ap-ss]Xn Imte kztI Pt _lp-aXnw ]p-x- kI-e--jvS-hkvXqy-]n. 3. {Kl-߃ kzt£{X-Øn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ -^ew kza-μn-c-KtX {Ktl ˛ {Kl-߃ kzt£-{X-ß-fn¬ n¬°ptºmƒ Pn®m¬
  • 210. Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 9. (e·^ehpw {Kl-ÿnXn^eßfpw) 205 {]`p-]-cn-{K-lm-Zm-bXnw ˛ {]`p-°-fn¬n∂p kΩm߃In´p∂hpw {]`p-Xz-a]n hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ {]`pXzwXs∂ (e`n°p∂hpw) Krl-ÿn-Xn-aw AN-©emw ˛ Cf°w X´mØ Krl-hmkw {]m]vp-bmXv hw `h--w D¿h-cm-£n-Xn ˛]pXnb hoSpw ^e-`q-bn-jvT-amb Irjnÿehpw kºmZn°pw Imte kztI ˛ kz¥w (Cu {KlØns‚ Zi-bn¬) Pt _lp-aXnw ˛ P-ßfpsS _-lp-amw e`n°pw ]px kI-e--jvS-hkvXqy-]n .˛ jvS-s∏-´ hkvXp°sf-√mw Xncn®p In´pIbpw sNøpw. (16) {Kl-x kp-lr-Xvt£-{X-K-Xx k-p-lr¤nx Imcyky kn≤nw h-ku-lrZw N kp(k-Xv)]p-{X-Pm-bm-[--[m-y-`mKyw ZZm-Xybw k¿h-P-m-pIq-eyw. 4. {Kl-߃ an{Xt£{X-Øn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ -^ew {Klx kplr-Xvt£{X KX ˛ {Kl-߃ an{X-t£-{X-Øn¬ n¬°p- tºmƒ Pn®m¬ kp-lr¤nx Imcyky kn≤nw ˛ kplr-Øp-°-fm¬ / _‘p°sf s°m≠p Imcy-߃ km[n°pw h-ku-lrZw N ˛ ]pXnb kplrXv_‘-߃ ÿm]n°pw kp]p-{X -Pm-bm -[- -[m-y-`mKyw ˛ √ a°ƒ, `mcy, [w, [myw `mKyw F∂nh D≠mIpw. k¿h-P-m-Iq-eyw ˛ F√m-h-cpw ApIqen°p∂hpw Bbncn°pw. (17) KtX {Ktl i{Xp-Krlw nIr-jvSXmw ]cm-∂-hrØnw ]c-a-μn-c-ÿnXnw AIn-©Xzw cn]p-]o-Uw kZm kvnKvt[m]n Xkym-Xn-cn-]p-Xz-am-]vp-bm-Xv. 5. {Kl-߃ i{Xpt£{X-Øn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ -^ew KtX {Ktl i{Xp-Krlw ˛ {Kl߃ i{Xp-t£-{X-Øn¬ n¬°ptºmƒ Pn®m¬ nIr-jvSXmw ˛ nIr-jvSamb, NoØ, I¿Ω߃ sNøp∂hpw
  • 211. ^eZo]nI 206 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]cm-∂-hrØnw ˛ Ay≥ Xcp∂ `£WwsIm≠p Pohn°p∂hpw ]c-a-μn-c-ÿnXnw ˛ Ays‚ ho´n¬ Xmakn°p∂hpw cn]p-]o-Uw kZm ˛ Ft∏mgpw i{Xp-ieyw Ap`hn°p∂hpw kvnKv[ A]n Xky A-Xn-cn-]p-Xzw B--]vp-bm-Xv ˛ an{X߃ t]mepw Ahs‚ i{Xp-°-fm-Ipw. (18) oN-Kr-tl- f [x-]-Xw kzhr-ssØ¿˛ ssZyw Zpcm-Nm-c-ar-Wm-]vXn-amlpx oNm-{ibw IoI-S-tZ-i-hmkw `rXy-Xz-a-≤z-ma-¿∞-Im-cyw. 6.{Kl-߃ oN-Øn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ -^ew oN-Kr-tl- - ˛ {Kl-w oN-cminbn¬ n¬°ptºmƒ Pn®m¬ A[x-]-Xw kzhr-ssØx ˛ kz¥w {]h¿Øn-IƒsIm≠v / kz¥w sXmgnen¬n∂v A[-]-Xw ssZyw ˛ ZoX Zpcm-Nm-cw- ˛ Zpjv{]h¿ØnIƒ EWm-]vXn- ˛ IS_m≤yXIƒ oNm-{ibw ˛ Zp¿÷ßsf B{ibnt°≠n hcpI. IoIStZihmkw ˛ KpWw]nSn°mØ, Zcn{Zamb, tZißfn¬ Pohnt°≠n hcpw `rXy-Xz- ˛ Zmky-the sNøpw A≤z-y≥ ˛ hgn S∂p hnj-an-°p-w A¿∞-Im-cyw ˛ A¿∞-ß-fn¬ sN∂pNmSpw. (19) {Ktlm auVyw {]m]vtXm ac-W-a-Nn-cmXv kv{Xokp-X-[ssx {]lo-WXzw hy¿t∞ Ie-l-a-]-hmZw ]cn-`hw ka¿£ÿx tJtSm Ie-bXn sshti-jn-I-^ew kpJw hm ZpxJw hm P-bXn bYm-]q¿h-a-N-ew. 7. {KlØnp auVy-aps≠¶n¬ {Ktlm auVyw {]m]vtXm ˛ {KlØnp auVy-aps≠¶n¬ ac-Ww ANn-cm¬ ˛ acWw thKØn¬, A¬∏mbp v kv{Xokp-X-[ssx {]loWXzw ˛ `mcy, a°ƒ, [w apX-embhbpsS
  • 212. Translation, DTPand layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 9. (e·^ehpw {Kl-ÿnXn^eßfpw) 207 {]loWXzw. {]loWw ˛ XyPn°∏´Xv. Ch C√mØh≥ F∂¿∞w. hy¿t∞ Ie-lw- ˛ shdpsXbp≈ hg°pIƒ A-]-hmZw ˛ NoØt∏cv ]cn-`hw ˛ Ahamw Ch ^ew. 8. {Kl-߃ ka-t£{XØn¬ n∂m-ep-≈ -^ew ka¿£ÿx tJtSm ˛ PØn¬ ka-t£-{X-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw Ie-bXn sshti-jn-I-^ew ˛ (Xs‚ Zim]lmcßfn¬) hnti-j-ambn H∂pw sNøp-∂n-√, Hcp am‰hpw hcpØp∂n-√. kpJw hm ZpxJw hm P-bXn bYm-]q¿h-a-N-ew ˛ kpJ-am-bmepw ZpJ-am-bmepw, ]-g-b-Xpt]m-se, am‰-an-√m-sX XpScpw. (sXm´papºv Ap`hn® Zim^ewXs∂ kat£{XØn¬ n¬°p∂ {KlØns‚ Zibnepw XpScpw F∂¿∞w.) (20) h{Iw KtX tkzm®-^ew hnZ-ZymXv k]XvoN¿£-K-tXm f ]n tJSx h¿t§m-Ø-amw-i-ÿnXtJN-tcm]n kzt£-{X-K-tkym-‡-^-emn XZz-Xv. 9. {Kl-߃ h{IKXnbn¬ BsW¶n¬ ^ew k]Xv oN¿£ -K-X A]n tJSx ˛ i{Xp-t£-{Xw, oNw F∂nhbn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-߃IqSn h{Iw KtX tkzm®-^ew hnZ-ZymXv ˛ h{I-KXn-bn-em-sW-¶n¬ D®-Øn¬ n∂m- ep≈ ^ew ¬Ipw. 10. h¿t§m-Øa^ew h¿t§m-Ø-amw-i-ÿnXn tJN-tcm]n ˛ h¿t§m-Ø-a-Øn-ep≈ {Klw kzt£-{X-K-tkym-‡-^-emn XZz-Xv ˛ kzt£-{X-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-Øns‚ ^ew ¬Ipw.
  • 213. ^eZo]nI 208 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 10 Ggmw `mhNn¥ Ggmw`mhw, Ggmw`mhm[n]≥, Ggmw`mh`mhImcI≥ ip{I≥ F∂nh ASnÿm am°nbmWv ]pcpjPmXIØn¬ If{Xkw_‘amb Imcy߃ ˛˛ `mcybpsS Bbp v, kz`mhKpWw, kXv]p{X∑msc ¬Imp≈ tbmKw F∂nh ˛˛ km[mcW Nn¥n°p∂Xv. (1) ip`m[n]bptX£ntX kpXIf{Xt` e·tXm hnt[mc]n Xtbmx ip`w XznXcYm kn≤nkvXtbmx knXmZvhybkpJmjvSssKx JcJssKck∑≤ytK kntX f ]yY ipt`Xtc£nXbptX N Pmbmh[x. 1. e·tXm hnt[m A]n ˛ e·mtem N{μmtem, kpXIf{Xt` ˛ A©v(]p{X), Ggv(If{X) `mhßfn¬, ip`m[n]bptX£ntX ˛ ip`{KlÿnXntbm `mhm[n]ÿnXntbm -- ChcpsS ZrjvSntbm D≠mbm¬, Xtbmx ip`w ˛ Ah c≠pw (5,7) ip`Icambncn°pw. CXcYm ˛ adn®v, Aßnsbs√¶n¬, kn≤nx Xtbmx ˛ Ah c≠npw ^ekn≤n D≠mhpIbn√. 2. knXmXv ˛ ip{Im¬, - hybkpJmjvSssKx ˛ 12, 4, 8 `mhßfn¬, JcJssKx ˛ ]m]{ Klßfp≠mhpI, AkXv a≤ytK kntX ˛ ip{IÿnXn ]m]cpsS CSbv°mhpI, ipt`Xc Cu£nX bptX ˛ ip{Ip ]m]ZrjvSntbm ]m]tbmKtam D≠mhpI, F¶n¬ Pmbmh[x ˛ `mcy acn°pw. 1. ]pcpjPmXIØn¬ -- e·mepw N{μmepw, A©v ˛ Ggv `mhßfn¬ ip`{KlÿnXn, `mhm[n]ÿnXn, ip`{KlZrjvSn, `mhm[n]ZrjvSn F∂nh `mh]pjvSn°p ImcWamIp∂p. Cu _eßfp≈ Ggmw`mhw `mcymKpWhpw A©mw`mhw ]p{XKpWhpw ¬Ip∂p. CXnp hn]coXambn Cu `mhßfn¬ --]m]ÿnXnbpw ]m]ZrjvSnbpw D≠mbm¬ ^ew {]XnIqehpambncn°pw. 2. If{X`mhw ip{Imepw Nn¥n°Ww. ]pcpjPmXIØn¬ ip{Im¬ 4˛8˛12 `mhßfn¬ ]m]{Klßfp≠mhpI, ip{IÿnXn ]m]a≤yØnemhpI, ip{Ip
  • 214. A≤ymbw 10 (If{X`mhNn¥) 209 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ]m]ZrjvSntbm ]m]tbmKtam D≠mhpI. F∂nh Aip`IcamWv. ip{Ip hcp∂ _e°pdhpIƒ°pkcn®p `¿Ømhv Ccnt° `mcybpsS acWwhsc kw`hn°mw. (2) Zmtcti kpXtK {]WjvShntXm f -˛ ]pt{Xm f Yhm [oiztcm Zyqt hm n[tiztcm f ]n IpcptX ]Xvohnmiw {[phw £otWμu kpXtK hybmkvXXpssKx ]mss]cZmcmflPx kv{XokwKm≤miw aZKtbmx kz¿`mp `mtzm¿htZXv. 1. Zmtcti ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]≥, kpXtK ˛ A©mw`mhØn¬ --n∂m¬, {]jvS hnXx ˛ `mcy jvSamIpw. A]p{X AYhm ˛ As√¶n¬ ]p{X∑m¿ C√mØhtm BIpw. 2. [oiztcm Zyqt hm n[tiztcm ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]Xntbm F´mw`mhm[n]Xntbm Ggn¬ n∂m¬, IpcptX ]Xvohnmiw {[phw ˛ Xo¿®bmbpw ]XvnbpsS miw sNøpw. 3. £otWμu kpXtK ˛ A©n¬ £oWN{μpw, hyb AkvX XpssKx ]mss]x, ˛ ]{¥≠v, Ggv, e·w Chbn¬ --]m]∑mcpw n∂m¬, AZmcmflPx ˛ `mcybpw a°fpw C√mØhmbn `hn°pw. 4. aZKtbmx kz¿`mp `mtzmx ˛ kqcypw cmlphpw (c≠pw) Ggn¬ -- n∂m¬, kv{XokwKmXv [miw htZXv ˛ kv{XokwKwsIm≠p [miw ]dbWw. 1. ]pcpjPmXIØn¬ Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn A©mw`mhØn¬ --n¬°p∂Xpw 2. A©mw`mhm[n]Xntbm F´mw`mhm[n]Xntbm Ggn¬ n¬°p∂Xpw 3. A©n¬ £oWN{μpw 1˛7˛12 `mhßfn¬ -- ]m]∑mcpw --n¬°p∂Xpw tZmjamWv. 4. Ggn¬ kqcypw cmlphpw tN¿∂p -- n∂m¬ kv{XokwKwsIm≠p [miw D≠mIpw.
  • 215. ^eZo]nI 210 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (3) ipt{I hr›nItK atZ arXh[qx Imta hrjtÿ _pt[ kv{XomikvXzY oNtK kpcKpcu Zyqm[ncqtV XYm Pmant{X QjtK iu kXn XYm `uta f Yhm kv{XoarXn˛ ›{μt£{XKtbm¿atZ f ¿InIpPtbmx ]Xvo kXo tim`m. 1. hr›nItK atZ ˛ Ggmw`mhw hr›nIamhpIbpw, AXn¬ ipt{I ˛ ip{I≥ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬, arXh[qx ˛ `mcy acn°pw.-- 2. Imta hrjtÿ ˛ Ggmw`mhw CShamIpIbpw, AXn¬ _pt[ ˛ --_p[≥ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬, kv{Xomix ˛ `mcym miw. 3. oNtK kpcKpcu ˛ oNmb Kpcp, Zyqm[ncqtV ˛ Ggn¬ --n∂mepw, XYm ˛ A{]ImcwXs∂. 4. Pmant{X QjtK ˛ Ggmw`mhw aoamhpIbpw iu kXn XYm `uta AYhm ˛ intbm IpPtm AXn¬ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ kv{XoarXn ˛ `mcymmiap≠mIpw. Ggmw`mhw Nne {]tXyIcminIfn¬ -- hcnIbpw Nne {]XyI {Kl߃ AXn¬ -- n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ -- `mcybpsS acWap≠mImw. `mhw cmin {Klw 7 hr›nIw ip{I≥ 7 CShw _p[≥ 7 aIcw Kpcp 7 aow in / IpP≥ 5. N{μt£{XKtbmx atZx ˛ Ggmw`mhw I¿°SamhpIbpw AXn¬ A¿°nIpPtbmx ˛ inbpw IpPpw Hcpan®p n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬, ]Xvo kXo tim`m ˛ --`mcy k’z`mhnbpw kpμcnbpambncn°pw.
  • 216. A≤ymbw 10 (If{X`mhNn¥) 211 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Ggmw`mhw I¿°SamhpIbpw AXn¬ inbpw IpPpw tN¿∂p n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ --`mcy k’z`mhnbpw kpμcnbpambncn°pw. (4) AkvtX hmkvX]XmhkZv{KlbptX ZrjvtS f ]yk∑≤ytK oNmcmXnKrtl f ¿IIm¥y`nltX {_qbmXv If{XNypXnw Imta hm kpX`mKytbm¿hnIeZmtcm f ku k]mt] `rKu ipt{I hm IpPaμh¿KklntX ZrjvtS ]ckv{XocXx. 1. AkvtX hm AkvX]mXv ˛ Ggmw `mhØntm Ggmw `mhm[n]tm, AkXv {KlbptX, ZrjvtS A]n, ˛ ]m]tbmKtam ]m]ZrjvSntbm AkXv a≤ytK -˛ ]m]a≤yÿnXntbm, oNmcmXnKrtl ˛ oNt£{XÿnXntbm, i{Xp£{XÿnXntbm, A¿°Im¥n A`nltX ˛ auVytam D≠mbm¬, {_qbmXv If{XNypXnw ˛ If{XmisØ ]dbWw. 2. `rKu k]mt] ˛ ip{I≥ ]m]{KltbmKtØmsS, Imta kpX `mKytbmx ˛ Ggntem A©ntem HºXntem n∂m¬, hnIeZmtcm ˛ `mcy sshIeyap≈hfmbncn°pw. 3. ipt{I ˛ ip{I≥ IpPaμh¿KklntX ˛ inbptStbm IpPt‚tbm h¿§Øn¬ n¬°pItbm, ZrjvtS ˛ Ahcm¬ tm°s∏SpItbm sNbvXm¬, ]ckv{XocXx ˛ ]ckv{XocXmbn `hn°pw. 1. Ggmw `mhØntm Ggmw`mhm[n]tm ]m]tbmKtam, ]m]ZrjvSntbm, ]m]a≤y ÿnXntbm, oNt£{XÿnXntbm, i{Xp£{XÿnXntbm, auVytam D≠mbm¬ If{XmisØ ]dbWw. 2. ip{I≥ ]m]{KltbmKtØmsS Ggntem A©ntem HºXntem n∂m¬ `mcybv°v AwKsshIeytam, kz`mhsshIeytam, amdmtcmKtam Fs¥¶nepw Hcp XIcmdv D≠mbncn°pw. 3. ip{I≥ inbptStbm IpPt‚tbm h¿§Øn¬ n¬°pItbm Ahcm¬ tm°s∏SpItbm sNbvXm¬ Abmƒ Aykv{XoIfpambn _‘ap≈h mbncn°pw.
  • 217. ^eZo]nI 212 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (5) `uam¿IykvtX `rKpPiintm¿Zmclotm f kptXm hm ¢ot_m f kvtX hm `hXn `hKu Zzu {Klu kv{XoZzbw kymXv Zzμz¿£mwti aZ]XnknXu Xky PmbmZzbw kym˛ Øm`ymw bpss‡¿KKnessbx* ZmckwJymw hZ¥p. 1. `rKpP iintm AkvtX ˛ ip{IN{μ∑mcpsS Ggmw`mhØn¬, `ua A¿°n ˛ IpPtm intbm n∂m¬, Zmclotm AkptXm hm ˛ `mcytbm a°tfm C√mØhmIpw. ¢ot_m AkvtX ˛ (ChcpsS) Ggn¬ ¢o_{Klw (_p, a) n∂m¬, AkptXm ˛ a°fpw D≠mIn√. 2. `hXn `hKu tZz {Klu ˛ ]Xnsm∂mw`mhØn¬ c≠p {Klw n∂m¬, kv{XoZzbx kymXv ˛ c≠p `mcyam¿ D≠mIpw. 3. aZ]Xn knXu ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]pw ip{Ipw, Zzμz¿£mwti ˛ bp‹cminbn¬ n¬°pItbm Awin°pItbm sNbvXm¬, Xky PmbmZzbw kymXv ˛ Abmƒ°p c≠p `mcyam¿ D≠mIpw. 4. Xz`ymw bpss‡x* ˛ AhtbmSp (Ggmw`mhm[n]≥, ip{I≥) IqSnb, ZmckwJymw hZ¥p ({Klßsfs°m≠)v `mcyamcpsS FÆw ]dbWw. 1. ip{IN{μ∑mcpsS Ggn¬ IpPtm intbm n∂m¬ `mcy(`mcymKpWw) D≠mIn√. 2. ip{IN{μ∑mcpsS Ggmw`mhØn¬ ¢o_{Klw n∂m¬ a°fpw D≠mIn√. 3. ]Xnsm∂mw`mhØn¬ c≠p {Klw n∂m¬ c≠p `mcyam¿ D≠mIpw. 4. Ggmw`mhm[n]pw ip{Ipw bp‹cminbn¬ n¬°pItbm Awin°pItbm sNbvXmepw c≠p `mcyam¿ D≠mIpw. 5. Ggmw`mhm[n]≥, ip{I≥ ChtcmSpIqSnb Klßsfs°m≠v `mcyamcpsS FÆsØ ]dbWw. * Xm`ymw bpss‡x KKnessbx F∂Xnse KKnebsØ°pdn®p hymJymßfn¬ --H∂pw ImWp∂n√. tPymXnjØn¬ -- KKnebw ]ØmanSamWv.
  • 218. A≤ymbw 10 (If{X`mhNn¥) 213 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (6) kv{XokwJymw aZssK¿{Kssl¿arXnakXv tJssS› k¤nx ÿnXnw Zyqtti k_te ipt` kXn h[qx km[zo kp]p{XmznXm ]mt]m f ]n kz{Krlw KXx ip`Icx ]Xvym› ImaÿnXm lnXzm jUvhybc{‘]m∑ZKmx kuaymkvXp kuJymhlmx 1. kv{XokwJymw aZssKx {Ksslx ˛ Ggmw`mhØn¬ -- D≈ {Klßsfs°m≠p `mcyamcpsS FÆhpw, arXnw AkXv tJssSx N ˛ AXn¬ ]m]{Klßsfs°m≠v Bbp pIpd™ `mcyamcpsS FÆhpw, kXv`n x ˛ ip`{Klßsfs°m≠v Bbp p≈ `mcyamcpsS FÆhpw Nn¥n°Ww. 2. Zyqtti k_te ipt` ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]≥ _ehmmb ip`msW¶n¬, h[q km[zo kp]p{XmznXm ˛ `mcy ]Xn{hXbmIpw. √ ]p{X∑mcpw D≠mIpw. 3 ]m]x A]n ˛ ]m]msW¶nepw ImaÿnXx ˛ Ggn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw kz{Krlw KXx ]Xvym› ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]XnbmsW¶n¬ ip`Icx ˛ ip`sØ sNøpw. 4 lnXzm jU vhyb c{‘]m ˛ 6, 12, 8 `mh߃ Hgn®p≈ `mhßfpsS A[n]XnIfpw, kuaymx Xp ˛ ip`∑mcpamb {KlßfmW,v aZKm ˛ Ggmw`mhØn¬ n¬°p∂sX¶n¬, -- kuJymhlmx ˛ kuJy{]ZamWv. 1. Ggmw`mhØn¬ --D≈ {Klßsfs°m≠p `mcyamcpsS FÆw ]dbWw. AXn¬ ]m]{Klßsfs°m≠v acn®pt]mIp∂ `mcyamcpsS FÆhpw ip`Klßsfs°m≠v Bbp p≈ `mcyamcpsS FÆhpw Nn¥n°Ww. 2. Ggmw`mhm[n]≥ _eap≈ ip`msW¶n¬ `mcy ]Xn{hXbmbpw √ ]p{X∑m tcmSpIqSnbhfmbpw `hn°pw.
  • 219. ^eZo]nI 214 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 3. Ggn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw ]m]msW¶nepw Ggmw `mhm[n]XnbmsW¶n¬ ip`sØ sNøpw. 4. 6˛8˛12 `mhm[n]c√mØ ip`∑m¿ Ggmw`mhØn¬ n∂m¬ √ ^ew D≠mIpw. (7) `mcymmikvXzip`klnXu ho£nXu hm¿∞Imau X{X {]mlpkvXzip`^eZm {IqcZrjvSnw hntijmXv -- Ghw ]Xvym A]n kXn atZ NmjvSta hmkvXn tZmjx kussay¿ZrjvtS kXn ip`bptX ZºXo `mKyh¥u. 1. A¿∞Imau ˛ 2, 7 `mhßfn¬ Aip`klnXu ho£nXmx ˛ ]m]ÿnXntbm ]m]ZrjvSntbm hcpIn¬ `mcymmi ˛ `mcymmiap≠mIpw. Aip`^eZm {IqcZrjvSnw hntijm¬ --˛ {IqcZrjvSn hntijn®pw tZmjIcamWv. 2. Ghw ]Xvym A]n kXn atZ NmjvSta hmkvXn tZmjx ˛ kv{XoPmXIØn¬ -- 7, 8 `mhßfn¬ --Cßs h∂mepw ˛˛ ]m]∑m¿ n¬°pItbm tm°pItbm sNbvXmepw ˛˛ tZmjamWv. 3. kussayx ZrjvtS kXn ip`bptX ZºXo `mKyh¥u ˛ ˛ (Cu`mhßfn¬) kuay∑m¿ tm°pItbm n¬°ptbm sNbvXm¬ -- ZºXnam¿ `mKyimenIfmIpw. 1. HcmfpsS PmXIØn¬ c≠nepw Ggnepw ]m]{Kl߃ n¬°p∂Xpw c≠ntebv°pw Ggntebv°pw ]m]{Kl߃ tm°p∂Xpw tZmjIcamWv. ]m]ZrjvSn hntijn®pw tZmjamWv. 2. `mcybpsS PmXIØn¬ -- 7, 8 `mhßfn¬ --]m]∑m¿ n¬°pItbm tm°pItbm sNøp∂Xpw tZmjIcamWv. -- 3. `¿Ømhns‚ PmXIØn¬ 2,7 `mhßfnepw `mcybpsS PmXIØn¬ 7,8 `mhß fnepw kuay∑m¿ n¬°pItbm tm°pItbm sNbvXm¬ -- ZºXnam¿ `mKyap≈hcmbn `hn°pw. (8) Nt{μ katμ aZtK ]p¿`q-˛ ]Xn¿`thZzm]ykptXm hnZmcx
  • 220. A≤ymbw 10 (If{X`mhNn¥) 215 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly oNmcn`ssÿcipss`¿atZ kv{Xo˛ ]pwtkm¿arXnx kym∂n[t [t hm. 1. Nt{μ katμ aZtK ˛ N{μ≥ intbmSpIqSn Ggn¬ n∂m¬, ]p¿`qx ]Xnx `thXv ˛ ]p¿hnhmlnXbpsS `¿ØmhmIpw. A]n AkptXm hnZmcx ˛ As√¶n¬ a°fpw `mcybpwC√mØhpamImw. 2 Aipss` oNmcn`ssÿ ˛ ]m]{Kl߃, oNØntem i{Xpt£{XØntem n¬°pIbpw B cmin atZ n[t [t hm ˛ 7, 8, 2 `mhßfn¬ H∂mhpIbpw sNbvXm¬ - - kv{Xo]pwtkm¿arXnx ˛ `mcybpw / `¿Ømhpw acn°pw. 1. N{μ≥ intbmSpIqSn Ggn¬ n∂m¬ `mcybptSXv ]p¿hnhmlambncn°pw. a°ƒ D≠mIn√. Nnet∏mƒ `mcybpw a°fpan√mØhpamImw. 2. ]m]{Kl߃ 2, 7, 8 `mhßfn¬ n¬°pIbpw B `mhw B {KlØns‚ oNcmintbm i{Xpcmintbm BhpIbpw sNbvXm¬ AXp kv{Xo°pw ]pcpjpw tZmjIcamWv. -(Cu Ahÿ `¿Ømhns‚ PmXIØnemsW¶n¬ `mcybv°p tZmjw. `mcybpsS PmXIØnemsW¶n¬ `¿Ømhnp tZmjw.) (9) e·mXv --If{X`ht kacminkwt⁄ `mhm[nt] f ]n N XssYh KtX f kptctVy kqcym`nX]vXclntX kpXZmcmtY hocymzntX Xp Pw kkpXw If{Xw. e·m¬ --If{X`ht kacminkwt⁄ ˛ e·m¬ Ggmwcmin kacminbmhpI; `mhm[nt]]n .... kptctVy ˛ ip{Ipw Ggmw`mhm[n]pw kacminbn¬ --n¬--°pI kqcym`nX]vXclntX kpXZmcmtY ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]pw Ggmw`mhm[n]pw auVyan√mXncn°pI, hocmzntX ˛ _ehcmIpI; F¶n¬ kkpXw If{Xw ˛ a°fpw `mcybpw D≈hmIpw. HcmfpsS PmXIØn¬˛˛ -- 1. e·m¬ Ggmwcmin kacminbmhpI; 2. ip{Ipw Ggmw`mhm[n]pw kacminbn¬ -- n¬--°pI; 3. A©mw`mhm[n]pw Ggmw`mhm[n]pw auVyan√mXncn°pI;
  • 221. ^eZo]nI 216 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 4. A©mw`mhm[n]pw Ggmw`mhm[n]pw _eap≠mhpI; ˛˛ F¶n¬ -- Abmƒ°p -- `mcymkpJhpw ]p{XKpWhpw e`n°pw. (kkpXw If{Xw F∂Xns ]p{X`mKytØmSpIqSnb `mcy F∂pw hymJymn®p ImWp∂p). (10) IpSpw_ZmchybcminmYmx Poth£nXmx tImWNXpjvSbÿmx ZmtcizcmZznØIf{Xemt` kuaymx If{Xw kkpXw kpJmVyw. IpSpw_ Zmc hyb cminmYm ˛ 2, 7, 12 `mhm[n]¿ Poth£nXmx ˛ hymgZrjvSntbmsS tImWNXpjvSbÿmx ˛ {XntImWØntem tI{μØntem n∂mepw, ZmtcizcmXv hnØIf{Xemt` kuaymx ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]n¬n∂pw, 2, 7, 11 `mhßfn¬ kuay∑m¿ n∂mepw, If{Xw kkpXw kpJmVyw ˛ √ If{Xhpw ]p{X∑mcpw D≠mIpw. 1. 2, 7, 12 `mhm[n]¿°p hymgZrjvSn; 2. 2, 7, 12 `mhm[n]¿ {XntImWØntem tI{μØntem ÿnXn; 3. Ggmw`mhm[n]n¬n∂pw 2, 7, 11 `mhßfn¬ kuay∑m¿ n¬°pI ˛˛ Ch HØp h∂m¬ `mcymkpJhpw ]p{XKpWhpw e`n°pw. (11) e·mkvXmYÿnX`mwitImtW otNm®t` kv{XoPw N ]Xypw N{μmjvSh¿tK f [nI_nμpcmiu If{XPt∑Xn XYm [ky 1 ]Xypx e·mXv ˛ `¿Ømhns‚ e·him¬, AkvXmYÿnX`mwi ˛ Ggmw `mhm[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbptStbm hmwiØnt‚tbm, tImtW otN D®t` ˛ {XntImWcmintbm Ggmw`mhm[n]s‚ oNcmintbm Bbncn°pw, kv{XoPw ˛ `mcybpsS P∑cmin.
  • 222. A≤ymbw 10 (If{X`mhNn¥) 217 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2. N{μmjvSh¿tK A[nI_nμpcmiu ˛ N{μmjvSh¿§Øn¬ A[nIw _nμp°ƒ D≈ cminbpw, XYm [ky ˛ A{]Imcw (e·m¬) c≠mw`mhcminbpw, If{XPt∑Xn - ˛ `mcybpsS P∑cminbmIpw. `¿Ømhns‚ PmXIØn¬ ˛˛ 1. Ggmw `mhm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cminbpsStbm hmwiØns‚tbm {XntImWcmin 2. Ggmw`mhm[n]s‚ D®cmin / oNcmin 4. N{μmjvSh¿§Øn¬ A[nIw _nμp°ƒ D≈ cmin 5. e·m¬ c≠mw `mhw ˛˛ CXn¬ H∂mbncn°pw `mcybpsS P∑cmin. (12) ImaÿImam[n]`m¿Khmm˛ ar£w Zniw iwkXn Xky ]Xvymx ipt{Im f kvXt]m hm XpmY`mwi {XntImWambmXn XZm hnhmlx 1 Imaÿ Imam[n] `m¿§hmmw E£w˛ Ggmw`mhØnencn°p∂ {Klw, Ggmw`mhm[n]≥, ip{I≥ (ChcpsS) cmin, Xky ]Xvymx Zniw iwkXn ˛ `mcybpsS Zn°p kqNn∏n°p∂p. 2 ipt{Im AkvXt]m ˛ ip{Itm, Ggmw `mhm[n]tm, XpmY` Awi ˛ e·m[n]s‚ AwiIØns‚ {XntImWw ˛ {XntImWØn¬ --BbmXn ˛ (Nmchim¬) --hcptºmgmbncn°pw XZm hnhmlx ˛ hnhmlw. 1. ]pcpjPmXIØn¬ --Ggn¬ --n¬°p∂ {Klw, Ggmw`mhm[n]≥, ip{I≥ Chcn¬ IqSpX¬ _eap≈ {KlØnv B[n]Xyap≈ cmin kqNn∏n°p∂Xmbncn°pw `mcybpsS Zn°v. 2. Nmchim¬ ip{Itm Ggmw`mhm[n]tm, e·m[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cminbpsS hmwiØns‚ {XntImWcminbneqsS IS∂pt]mIptºmƒ hnhmlw S°pw.
  • 223. ^eZo]nI 218 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (13) If{Xkwÿky If{XZrjvtS¿˛ ZimKta hmY If{X]ky bZm hne·m[n]Xnx {]bmXn If{X`w X{X If{Xem`x. If{Xkwÿky ˛ Ggmw`mhØn¬ -- nev°p∂ {KlØns‚tbm, If{XZrjvtSx ˛ Ggntebv°p tm°p∂ {KlØns‚tbm, If{X]ky ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]s‚tbm, imKta ˛ Zibn¬ -- bZm hne·m[n]Xnx {]bmXn If{X`w ˛ e·m[n]Xn Ft∏mƒ --If{XÿmØp hcp∂pthm. X{X If{Xem`x ˛ At∏mƒ `mcymem`w D≠mIpw. Ggmw`mhØn¬ -- n¬°p∂ {Klw/Ggntebv°p tm°p∂ {Klw/ Ggmw`mhm[n]≥ ChcpsS ZiIfn¬ e·m[n]Xn (tKmNchim¬) --Ggn¬ hcptºmƒ. hnhmlw S°pw. (14) If{XmYÿnX`mwitIitbmx knX£]mmbItbm¿_eobkx ZimKta Zyq]bp‡`mwiI˛ {XntImWtK tZhKpcu Ic{Klx. If{XmY .... ZimKta ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbpsS mY≥, AwiImY≥, ip{I≥, N{μ≥ Chcn¬ _ew IqSpXep≈ {KlØns‚ Zibn¬, Zyq]bp‡ ....tZhKpcu ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbpsStbm AwiIØns‚tbm {XntImWØn¬, hymgw hcp∂ kabØ,v Ic{Klx. ˛ ]mWn{KlWw ˛ hnhmlw S°pw. Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbpsS mY≥ /Ggmw`mhm[n]XnbpsS hmwi mY≥ / ip{I≥ / N{μ≥ Chcn¬ _ewIqSpXep≈ {KlØns‚ Zibn¬, Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbpsS {XntImWØn¬ hymgw (Nchim¬) hcptºmƒ hnhmlw S°pw.
  • 224. A≤ymbw 10 (If{X`mhNn¥) 219 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (15) If{XmtY cn]poNkwtÿ aqtV f Yhm ]m]nco£ntX hm If{Xt` ]m]bptXfY ZrjvtS If{Xlmnw {]hZ¥n k¥x. If{XmtY ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn, cn]poNkwtÿ ˛ i{Xpcminbntem oNcminbntem n¬°pItbm, aqtV AYhm ˛ auVysØ {]m]n°pItbm, ]m]nco£ntX hm ˛ ]m]{Klßfm¬ -- tm°s∏SpItbm sNbvXmepw, If{Xt` ]m]bptXY ZrjvtS ˛ If{X`mhØn¬ --]m]nIƒ n¬°pItbm tm°pItbm sNbvXmepw, If{Xlmnw {]hZ¥n k¥x. ˛ `mcymmiw ]dbp∂p. 1. Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn i{Xpcminbntem Xs‚ oNcminbntem n¬°pI; 2. Ggmw `mhm[n]p auVyw; 3. Ggmw `mhm[n]p ]m]ZrjvSn; 4. Ggn¬ --]m]nIƒ n¬°pItbm, Ggntebv°p tm°pItbm sNøpI ˛˛CsX√mw If{Xlmn (`mcymacWw) kqNn∏n°p∂p.
  • 225. ^eZo]nI 220 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 11 kv{XoPmXIw (1) bZyXv ]pw{]kth £aw XZJnew kvXoWmw {]ntb hm htZ˛ ∑mwKeyw n[mXv kpXmw› ham˛ √·mØtm›mcpXmw `¿Ømcw kp`KXzakvX`hmXv kwKw kXoXzw kpJmXv k¥kvtXjp ip`{]ZmkvXzip`Zmx {IqcmkvXZoiw hnm. 1. bZyXv ]pw{]kth £aw XZJnew ˛ ]pcpjP∑Ønp ]d™ nbaßfpw tbmKßfpw ^eßfpsa√mw kvXoWmw {]ntb hm htZXv ˛ kv{XoP∑Ønpw ]dbWw. kv{Xo°p _m[Ia√mØ Imcy߃ kv{XoPmXIØneps≠¶n¬ AXp `¿Ømhns s°m≠p ]dbWw. Ahbv°p ]pdta, hntijn®v ˛˛ 2. amwKeyw n[mXv ˛ kv{XoPmXIØn¬ F´mw`mhwsIm≠ v amwKeyhpw (`¿Ømhns‚ Bbp pw) 3. kpXmw› hamXv ˛ HºXmw`mhwsIm≠v ]p{XKpWhpw 4. e·mØtm›mcpXmw ˛ e·wsIm≠v cq]kuIpamcyhpw (kuμcyhpw) 5. `¿Ømcw kp`KXzakvX`hmXv ˛ Ggmw`mhwsIm≠v ZmºXyKpWmp`hw, kp`KXzw Chbpw 6. kwKw kXoXzw kpJmXv ˛ memw`mhwsIm≠v ]mXn{hXyhpw (Nn¥n°Ww). 7. k¥x tXjp ip`{]Zmx Xp ip`Zmx˛ Cu `mhßfn¬ ip`∑m¿ n∂m¬ ip`^ehpw {Iqcmx XXv Cuiw hnm ˛ `mhm[n]√mØ ]m]∑m¿ n∂m¬ Aip`^ehpw D≠mIpw. (`mhm[n]≥ ]m]msW¶nepw Xs‚ `mhØnp tZmjw sNøn√.)
  • 226. A≤ymbw 11 -(kv{XoPmXIw) 221 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (2) DZblnaIcu Zzu bp‹Ku kuayZrjvSu kpXb]Xn`qjmkºZqXvIrjvSioem Aip`klnXZrjvSu tNmPKu ]pwkz`mhm IpSneaXnchiym `¿Xrcq{Km Zcn{Zm. 1. DZblnaIcu Zzu bp‹Ku kuayZrjvSu ˛ e·hpw N{μpw c≠pw bp‹cminIfn¬ --ip`ZrjvSntbmsS n∂m¬--˛ kpXb ]Xn `qjm kºXv DXvIrjvSioem ˛ √ a°ƒ, `¿Ømhv, B`cW߃, [w,√ kz`mhw Ch D≈hfmIpw 2. Aip`klnXZrjvSu N HmPKu ˛ Aip`ÿnXn, Aip`ZrjvSn F∂nhItfmsS e·hpw N{μpw HmPcminbn¬ n∂m¬ ]pwkz`mhm IpSneaXn Ahiym`¿Ør D{Km Zcn{Zm ˛ ]pcpjkz`mhw, h{I_p≤n, `¿Ømhns‚ hcpXn°p n¬°mØhƒ, D{Kkz`mhn, Zcn{Z Ch ^ew. (3) k{ZmiywibptX atZ ZypXnbtim˛ hnZym¿∞hm≥ XXv]Xn¿˛ hyXykvtX IpXp¿PU› (1) InXthm ntkzm hntbmKkvXtbmx Bt·ssb¿aZÿnssX› hn[hm anss{ix ]p¿`q¿`thXv {Iqtcjzmbpjn `¿Ørl{¥y]n [t k¥x kzbw kv{XoarXnx. (1) ]mTt`Zw : Pf› 1. kXvcmin Awi bptX atZ -˛ (kv{XoPmXIØn¬) Ggmw`mhw ip`cminbmbpw ip`mwiIambpw ip`{KlØmSpIqSnbpw Ccp∂m¬, ZypXn bix hnZy A¿∞hm≥ XXv]Xnx ˛ AhfpsS `¿Ømhv Im¥n, bi v, hnZy, [w F∂nhbp≈hmbncn°pw . 2. hyXykvtX ˛ (CXn¬n∂pw) hyXykvXambn (Ggn¬ Cu aq∂pw Aip`ambn) Ccp∂m¬ IpXp PUxN InXthm ntkzm ˛ (`¿Ømhv) hncq]pw aqVpw NXnbpw Zcn{Zpw Bbncn°pw
  • 227. ^eZo]nI 222 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly . hntbmKkvXtbmx ˛ Ah¿ XΩn¬ hntbmKØnpw km≤yXbp≠v. 3. Bt·ssb¿aZÿnssX› hn[hm ˛ Ggn¬ ]m]∑m¿ n∂m¬ -- ssh[hyw. Bt·b{Kl߃: kqcy≥, IpP≥, tIXp. ]m]∑m¿ F∂pw Hcp ]£w. (tPym.n) anss{ix ]p¿`p¿`thXv ˛ an{iambncp∂m¬ (ip`cpw ]m]cpwIqSn n∂m¬) ]p¿hnhmlw. 4. {IqtcjpBbpjn`¿Ørl{¥y]n ˛ F´n¬ ]m]≥ n∂m¬ `¿Ømhp acn°pw. 5. [t k¥x kzbw kv{XoarXnx. ˛ c≠n¬ ip`≥ n∂m¬ `mcy BZyw acn°pw. (4) kpXtÿ f fnkv{XotKmlcnjp lnaKu Nm¬∏Xbm bamcm(]vXy)wi¿t£ aZkZt km f ab`Km kptJ ]mss]¿bpt‡ `hXn IpeSm aμIpPtbm¿˛ Krtl f wti et·μp `rKpc]n N ]pw›ey`nlnXm. 1.. kpXtÿ Afn kv{Xo tKm lcnjp lnaK N A¬∏Xbm ˛ A©mw`mhw hr›nIw, I∂n, CShw, Nnßw CXnsem∂mbn AXn¬ N{μ≥ n∂m¬ a°ƒ Ipdhmbncn°pw. 2. ba Bc B]vXn Awi¿t£ aZkZt Bab `Km - ˛ in, IP≥ Ch¿ Ggn¬ n¬°pItbm Awin°pItbm sNbvXm¬ kvXo KplytcmKap≈hfmIpw 3. kptJ ]mss]x bpt‡ `hXn IpeSm ˛ men¬ ]m]{Kl߃ n∂m¬ IpeS/]mXn{hXyw C√mØhƒ 4.. et·μp `rKpx A]n N ]pw›en A`nlnXm ˛ e·hpw N{μpw ip{Ipw n¬°p∂ cmintbm hmwitam inbptStbm sNmΔbptStbm cmin Bbm¬ hy`nNmcnWn BIpw
  • 228. A≤ymbw 11 -(kv{XoPmXIw) 223 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (5) ip`t£{Xmwti f kvtX(tY) kp`KPLm awKfhXo hnt[mx k’w_t‘mf]ypZbkpJtbmx km[zo AXnKpWm {XntImtW kuaymt›Xv kpJkpXkºXv KpWhXo _temmx {Iqcmt›ZyZn `hXn h‘ym arXkpXm. 1. ip`t£{Xmwti tX kp`KPLm awKfhXo ˛ (kv{XoPmXIØnse Ggmw`mhw) ip`{KlØns‚ cmintbm hmwitam BsW¶n¬ kpμcamb Acs°t´mSp IqSnbhfpw awKeyhXnbpw BIpw. 2. hnt[mx ˛ N{μv A]n DZb kpJtbmx ˛ As√¶n¬ e·Øntm memw`mhØntm k’w_‘ ˛ ip`{Kl_‘w (Ds≠¶n¬) km≤zn AXnKpWm - ˛ km≤znbpw KpWhXnbpw Bbncn°pw. 3. {XntImtW kuaymt›Xv ˛ {XntImW`mhßfn¬ ip`{Klß fp ≠mbm¬ kkpJ kpX kºXv KpWhXo ˛ kpJhpw k¥mhpw kºØpw √ KpWßfpw D≠mIpw. _temmx {Iqcm tNXv bZn ˛ {XntImWßfn¬ Zp¿∫ecmb ]m]∑m¿ n∂m¬ `hXn h‘ym arXkpXm. ˛ {]khn°mØhtfm a°ƒ acn°p∂htfm BIpw. (6) Nt{μ `uaKrtl IpPmZnIYnX˛ XnwimwitIjp {IamZv ZpjvSm ZmkykXo kpioe hn`hm ambmhno ZqjWo ip{I¿t£ _lpZqjWmy]XnKm ]qPym kp[o¿ hn{ipXm ⁄¿t£ OmQhXo ]pwkIkam km≤zo KpWmtVym’pIm. (7) kz—μm `¿XrLmXnrXnalnXKpWm inev]no km[phrØm Nt{μm ssPth KpWmVym hncXncXnKpW˛ ⁄m in¬∏mXnkm≤zo
  • 229. ^eZo]nI 224 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly atμ Zmkyyk‡m {inX]XnckXo njv{]Pm¿∞m¿°t` kymZv˛ Zp¿`mjm lohrØ [cWn]Xnh[qx ]pwhntNjvSmyk‡m. (8) iine·kambpss‡x ^ew {XnwimwissIcnZw _em_ehnI¬t∏ Xtbmtchw hnNn¥tbXv. N{μ≥ kv{XoPmXIØn¬ --A©p Xmcm{KlßfptSbpw cminIfpsS {Xnwimwißfn¬ --n∂mep≈ ^eßfmWv Cn ]dbp∂Xv. {XnwimwimY{Iaw : IpP≥, aμ≥, Kpcp, _p[≥, ip{I≥ 1. Nt{μ `uaKrtl ˛ N{μ≥ IpPs‚ cminIfn¬ (taSw, hr›nIw) IpPmZn IYnX {XnwimwitIjp {IamZv ˛ IpP≥ XpSßnbhcpsS {XnwimwiIßfn¬ n∂m¬ (^ew) {IaØn¬ : --˛˛ ZpjvSm Zmkn AkXo kpioe hn`hm ambmhno ZqjWo--- {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ - ˛ ZpjvSm ˛ ZpjvS, in ˛ Zmkn AkXo ˛ Zmkn, ]Xn{hXb√mØhƒ Kpcp ˛ kpioe hn`hm ˛ kpioe, [nI _p[≥ ˛ ambmhno ˛ ambmhno (ab°p∂hƒ) ip{I≥ ˛ ZqjWo--- ˛ ZqjWn (Zpxkz`mhn) 2. ipt{I _lpZqjWmy]XnKm ]qPym kp[o¿ hn{ipXm ˛ N{μ≥ ip{Is‚ cminIfn¬ (CShw, Xpemw) Xmcm{KlßfpsS {Xnwimwißfn¬, -- n∂mep≈ ^ew {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ ˛ _lpZqjWm ˛ henb Zpkz`mhn in ˛ Ay]XnKm ˛ ]c]pcpj_‘ap≈hƒ Kpcp ˛ ]qPym ˛ BZcn°ss∏tS≠hƒ _p[≥ ˛ kp[o ˛ _p≤nimen ip{I≥ ˛ hn{ipX ˛ {]kn≤) 3. ⁄¿t£ OZvahXo r]pwkIkam km≤zo KpWmtVym’pIm ˛ N{μ≥ _p[s‚ cminIfn¬ (anYpw, I∂n) Xmcm{KlßfpsS
  • 230. A≤ymbw 11 -(kv{XoPmXIw) 225 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly {Xnwimwißfn¬, -- n∂mep≈ ^ew. {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ ˛ OZvahXo ˛ I]Sthj°mcn in ˛ ]pwkIkam ˛ BWpws]ÆpwsI´hƒ Kpcp ˛ km[zo ˛ ]Xn{hX _p[≥ ˛ KpWmVy ˛ KpWkº∂ ip{I≥ ˛ D’pIm ˛ D’mln 4. kz—μm `¿XrLmXnrXnalnXKpWm inev]no km[phrØm ˛ kzt£{XØn¬ (I¿°SØn¬) n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ IpPmZnIfmb {KlßfpsS {Xnwimwißfn¬ n∂m¬˛˛ {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ ˛ kz—μm ˛ X∂njvS°mcn in ˛ `¿XrLmXo ˛ `¿ØrLmXIn Kpcp ˛ alnXKpWm ˛ KpWkº∂ _p[≥ ˛ in¬∏no ˛ sImØp]Wn sNøp∂hƒ ip{I≥ ˛ km[phrØm ˛ kZvkz`mhn 5. Nt{μm ssPth KpWmVym hncXncXnKpWm ⁄mXin¬∏mXnkm≤zo ˛ hymgt£{XØn¬ ([p, aow) n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ IpPmZnIfmb {KlßfpsS {Xnwimwißfn¬ n∂m¬˛˛ {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ ˛ KpWmVym ˛ KpWhXn in ˛ hncXn ˛ (cXnbn¬ Xm¬∏cyan√mØhƒ) Kpcp ˛ AXnKpWhXn ˛ kZvKpWkº ∂ _p[≥ ˛ ⁄mXin¬∏m ˛ (in¬∏the Adnbmhp∂hƒ) ip{I≥ ˛ AXnkm≤zo * ˛ ]Xn{hX * ]mTt`Zw: Akm≤zo ˛ ]mXn{hXyan√mØhƒ ˛ sImSpß√q¿ ]Xn∏v. (CXp icnb√. N{μpw hymghpw ip{Ipw ip`∑mcmWt√m.) 6. atμ Zmkyyk‡m {inX]XnckXonjv{]Pm¿∞ ˛ int£{XØn¬ (aIcw,Ipw`w) n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ IpPmZnIfmb {KlßfpsS {Xnwimwißfn¬ n∂m¬˛˛ {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ ˛ Zmkn in ˛ Aymk‡m ˛ ]c]pcpjmk‡nbp≈hƒ Kpcp ˛ {inX]Xn ˛ `¿Ømhns B{ibn°p∂hƒ _p[≥ ˛ AkXn ˛ ]Xn{hXb√mØhƒ ip{I≥ ˛ njv{]Pm¿∞ ˛ a°fpw [hpw C√mØhƒ
  • 231. ^eZo]nI 226 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 7. Zp¿`mjm lohrØm [cWn]Xnh[qx ]pwhntNjvSm Ayk‡m ˛ kqcyt£{XØn¬ ( NnßØn¬) n¬°p∂ N{μ≥ IpPmZnIfmb {KlßfpsS {Xnwimwißfn¬n∂m¬˛ {XnwimwiImY≥ ^ew IpP≥ ˛ Zp¿`mjm ˛ NoØ hm°pIƒ ]dbp∂hƒ in ˛ lohrØ ˛ lo{]h¿ØnIƒ sNøp∂hƒ Kpcp ˛ [cWn]Xnh[qx ˛ cm⁄n _p[≥ ˛ ]pwhntNjvSm ˛ ]pcpjst∏mse s]cpamdp∂hƒ ip{I≥ ˛ Ayk‡m ˛ ]c]pcpjmk‡nbp≈hƒ 8. iine·kambpss‡x ^ew {XnwimwissIcnZw ˛ e·Øns‚ {XnwimwiI^ew N{μt‚Xpt]seØs∂bmWv. e·w, N{μ≥ Chbn¬ --_ew IqSnbXnss°m≠p ^ew ]dbWw. (9) tPyjvT{`mXcaw_nIm© ]nXcw `¿Xpx InjvTw {IamXv tPyjvTmlymkpciq¿∏Pm› hnXm Lv¥oXn X⁄m hnZpx Nn{Xm¿{Zm`pPKkzcmSvOX`njMv aqem·nXntjym¤hm h‘ym hm hn[hm f Yhm arXkpXm Xy‡m {]ntbWmYhm. 1. tPyjvT{`mXmaw_nIm© .... XZv⁄m hnZpx ˛ Xrt°´, Bbneyw, aqew, hnimJw Cu mep mfpIfn¬ kv{Xo Pn®m¬ `¿Xr_‘p°ƒ°p tZmjamWv / amcIamWv. £{Xw _m[n°s∏Sp∂ _‘p tPyjvTm ˛tI´. > tPyjvT{`mXcw ˛ `¿Ømhns‚ tPyjvT≥ Aln ˛ Bbneyw. > Aw_nI ˛ `¿Ømhns‚ amXmhv Akpc ˛ aqew > ]nXcw ˛ `¿Ømhns‚ ]nXmhv iq¿∏w ˛ hnimJw > `¿ØpInjvTw ˛ `¿Ømhns‚ ApP≥. 2. Nn{Xm¿{Zm`pPK .... Xy‡m {]ntbWmYhm. Nn{X ˛ NnØnc, B¿Zm ˛ XncphmXnc, ip,
  • 232. A≤ymbw 11 -(kv{XoPmXIw) 227 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly `pPK ˛ Bbneyw Xrt°´ iX`nj ˛ NXbw, aqew, ˛ aqew A·n ˛ Im¿ØnI, Xnjyw ˛ ]qbw ˛˛ Cu mfpIfn¬ Pn® kv{XoIƒ) h‘ym ˛ {]khn°mØhƒ, hn[hm ˛ `¿Ømhp acn®hƒ arXkpXm ˛ a°ƒ acn®hƒ, Xy‡m {]ntbW ˛ `¿Ømhv Dt]£n®hƒ (Ch¿°p `¿ØrkpJhpw ]p{XkpJhpw Ipdhmbncn°pw F∂p kmcw.) (10) N{μmkvtXmZb`mKy]mx kl ipss`x kpÿmKm `mkzcmx ]qPym _‘pjp ]pWyI¿aIpiem kuμcy`mKymznXm `¿Xpx {]oXnIco kp]p{XklnXm IeymWioem kXo XmhZv`mXn kpawKeo N kpXp¿-˛ bmh—p`mtVy f jvSta. 1. N{μmkvtXmZb`mKy] l ipss` ˛ N{μ≥, Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn, e·m[n]≥, `mKym[n]≥ Ch¿ ip`kw_‘tØmsS kpÿmKm `mkzcmx ˛ ip`ÿmßfn¬ auVyan√msX n∂m¬ ]qPym _‘pjp ˛ _‘p°fm¬ ]qPn°s∏Sp∂hƒ, ]pWyI¿ΩIpiem ˛ ]pWyI¿Ωßfn¬ ka¿∞bmbhƒ kuμcy`mKymznXm ˛ kuμcyhpw `mKyhpw D≈hƒ `¿Øp {]oXnIcm ˛ `¿Ømhnp {]oXn D≠m°p∂hfpw kp]p{XklnXm ˛ √ a°tfmSpIqSnbhfpw IeymWioem kXo ˛ √ kz`mhap≈hfpw ]Xn{hXbpw Bbncn°pw. 2. XmhZv`mXn kpawKeo N kpXp¿bmhmOvip`mtVyjvSta. ˛ F´mw`mhw CXpt]mse ip`Icambncp∂m¬ kpawKenbpw kpXphpw (kpμcnbpw) Bbncn°pw. 303
  • 233. ^eZo]nI 228 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (11) ioXtPymXnjn tbmjntXm f p]Nb˛ ÿmt IptPt£ntX PmXwK¿`^e{]Zw Jep cP˛ kymyYm njv^ew ZrjvtS f kvan≥ KpcpWm ntPm]NbtK Ipcym∂ntjIx ]pam˛ XymtPy katb ip`m[nIbptX ]q¿hmZnImtemPvQntX. ioXtPymXnjn tbmjntXmp]Nbÿmt ˛ N{μ≥ kv{XobpsS e·Øns‚ Ap]N b ÿmßfn¬ (2˛4˛5˛7˛8˛9˛12˛1) GXnse¶nepw n¬°pIbpw IptPt£ntX ˛ IpP≥ tm°pIbpw sNøptºmƒ PmXw K¿`^e{]Zw ˛ D≠mIp∂ K¿`w ^e{]ZamIpw. Jep cPkyyYm njv^ew ˛ A√mØt∏mƒ D≠mIp∂ cP v njv^e ambnt∏mIpw. (K¿`ap≠mhn√.) ZrjvtS f kvan≥ KpcpWm ntPm]NbtK Ipcym∂ntjIx ... ˛ ]pcpj≥ K¿`m[mw sNøp∂Xp kv{XobpsS e·Øns‚ D]Nb ÿmßfn¬ (3˛6˛10˛11 ) n¬°p∂ N{μs hymgw tm°p∂ kabØmbncn°Ww. AXymtPy katb ip`m[nIbptX ]q¿hmZnImtemPvQntX. ˛ CXp XymPyZnhkamhcpXv, KpWm[nIyap≈XmhWw, Cu hnjbØnse a‰p nba߃°v ApkrXhpamhWw.
  • 234. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 229 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 12 ]p{XNn¥ (1) kpÿm hne·iintmx kpXt`iPohmx kpÿmmY ip`ZrjvSnbptX kpX¿t£ e·mfl]u bZn bpXu N anYx kpZrjvSu t£t{X ]ckv]cKXu bZn ]p{Xkn≤nx. 1 hne· iintmx ˛ e·mepw N{μmepw, kpXt`i Pohmx -˛ A©mw `mhm[n]Xnbpw hymghpw, kpÿm ˛ kpÿmßfn¬ n∂mepw, 2 kpÿmmY ip`ZrjvSn bptX ˛ kpÿmmY∑mcpsStbm ip`cpsStbm ZrjvSntbm tbmKtam kpX¿t£- ˛ A©mw`mhØnp≠mbmepw 3 e·mfl]u bZn bpXu ˛ e·m[n]pw A©mw`mhm[n]pw Hcpan®p n∂mepw . anYx kpZrjvSu ˛ ]ckv]cw tm°nbmepw t£t{X ]ckv]cKXu bZn ˛ ]ckv]cw cminamdn∂mepw ˛ ]p{Xkn≤nx5. ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw kpXt`i≥ ˛ A©mw `mhm[n]Xn : ]p{X`mhØns‚ mY≥ Poh≥ ˛ hymgw ˛ ]p{XImcI≥ kpÿm߃: Zpÿm߃ (6˛8˛12) Hgn®p≈h. ip`∑m¿: Kp, ip (N, _p hyhÿItfmsS) anY : ]ckv]cw (2) e·matcUyiinmw kpXt`jp ]mss]¿˛ bpt‡£ntXjzY ipss`cbptX£ntXjp ]mt]m`tbjp kpXt`jp kptXiztcjp ZpxÿmtKjp `h¥n kpXmx IY©nXv. 1 e·matcUyiinmw - ˛ e·w, Kpcp, N{μ≥ ChcpsS kpXt`jp ˛ A©mw`mhØn¬ ]mss]xbpt‡ ˛ ]m]∑m¿ n¬°pItbm Cu£ntXjp ˛ tm°pItbm sNbvXmepw
  • 235. ^eZo]nI 230 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2 ipss` AbptX£ntXjp ˛ Cu ÿmßfn¬ ip`∑m¿ n¬°pItbm tm°pItbm sNømXncp∂mepw 3 ]m] D`tbjp kpXt`jp ˛ ChbpsS CcphiØqw ]m]{Kl߃ n∂mepw 4 kptXiztcjp ZpÿmtKjp ˛ ]p{Xÿmm[n]≥ Zpÿmßfn¬ n∂mepw `h¥n kpXmx IY©nXv ˛ Hcp XcØnepw ]p{X∑mcp≠mIn√. (3) ]mt] kz¿£KtX kptX Xb`mIv Xkvan∂]mt] ]px ]p{Xmx kyp¿_lpemx ipt`m kz`ht tkmt{K kptX ]p{Xlm kw⁄m©mev]kpX¿£anXyfnhrj˛ kv{Xoknwlm`mmw hnZp˛ kvX{ZmiukpX`mKtKev]kpXhm≥ Imem˛ ¥tc kn≤yXn. 1 ]mt] kptX ˛ ]p{XÿmØp n¬°p∂Xp ]m]msW¶nepw kz¿£KtX ˛ AXv B {KlØns‚ kzt£{XamsW¶n¬ -- Xb`mIv ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw. 2 Xkvan≥ A]mt] ]px ˛ ]m]p ]Icw A]m]mWv Cßns n¬°p∂sX¶n¬ thsd ]dtb≠Xpt≠m ? 3 ipt`m kz`ht - ˛ ip`∑m¿ kz£{XØn¬ -- (A©n¬) n∂m¬ ]p{Xmx kypx _lpemx ˛ AtIw ]p{Xcp≠mIpw. 4 tkmt{K kptX ]p{Xlm ˛ A©nse ]m]≥ ]p{Xs ln°pw. 5 kw⁄mw A¬--]kpX¿£anXn ˛ A¬∏kpXt£{Xßfmb Afn hrj kv{Xo knwlm`mmw ˛ hr›nIw, CShw, I∂n, Nnßw XXv cmiu kpX`mKtK ˛ Cu cminIƒ A©mw`mhambn h∂m¬ A¬]kpXhm≥ ˛ a°ƒ Ipdhmbncn°pw. Imem¥tc kn≤yXn. ˛ D≠mIp∂Xnv kabsaSpØpsh∂pw hcmw .
  • 236. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 231 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (4) kqtcy Nm¬∏kpX¿£tK n[tK atμ IptP e·tK e·mjvShybssKx ioUycp[nssc›m¬∏mflP¿t£ kptX Nt{μ em`KtX KpcpÿnXkpXÿmt k]mt] `thXv et· f tIJKmzntX Xb`mIv Imem¥tc bXvXx. 1 kqtcy A¬∏kpX¿£tK ˛ kqcy≥ A¬∏kpXcminIfn¬ n∂mepw 2 n[tK atμ -˛ F´n¬ --in n∂mepw, 3 IptP e·tK ˛ e·Øn¬ IpP≥ n∂mepw 4 e· AjvS hybssKx ˛ e·w, F´v, ]{¥≠v `mhßfnembn in CuUy cp[nssc ˛ in, Kpcp, IpP≥ F∂nh¿ n∂mepw 5 A¬∏mflP¿t£ kptX ˛ A¬∏]p{Xÿm߃ kpX`mhambn h∂mepw 6 Nt{μ em`KtX ˛ N{μ≥ ]Xnsm∂mw `mhØn¬ --n∂mepw 7 KpcpÿnX kpXÿmt k]mt] `thXv ˛ Kpcp n¬°p∂ cminbpsS A©n¬ -- ]m]n n∂mepw 8 et· AtI JKmzntX ˛ e·Øn¬ AtIw {Kl߃ --n∂mepw Xb`mIv Imem¥tc bXvXx. ˛ Imem¥cØn¬, bXvwsIm≠v (]cnlmcI¿Ω߃sIm≠v) a°fp≠mIpw. (5) kqtcy mybptX kpX¿£klntX N{μky tKtl ÿntX `uta hm `rKptP f ]n hm kXn kpX{]m]vXnw ZznXobkv{Xnbmw atμ hm _lp]p{Xhmw—inn hm kutaym]n hm¬∏mfltPm tZthtUy _lpZmcnIm iinKrtl XZzXv kpXm[njvTntX. 1 kqtcy AybptX kpX¿£ klntX N{μky tKtl ÿntX ˛I¿°Sw A©mw`mhambn kqcy≥ AXn¬ H‰bv°p n¬--°pI, As√¶n¬ `uta hm `rKptPm]n hm kXn ˛ IpPtm ip{Itm Aßns n¬--°pI, kpX{]m]vXnw ZznXobkv{Xnbmw ˛ F∂m¬ c≠mw`mcybn¬ -- a°fp≠mIpw., 2 atμ hm _lp]p{Xhmw ˛ in Cßs H‰bv°p n∂m¬ hfsc ]p{Xcp≠mIpw. 3 iinn hm kutaym]n hm A¬∏mfltPm ˛ N{μtm _p[tm CXpt]mse H‰bv°p n∂m¬ a°ƒ Ipdbpw, 4 tZthtVy _lpZmcnIm iinKrtl XZzXv kpXm[njvTntX. ˛ N{μt£{Xamb A©mw`mhØn¬ --Kpcp n∂m¬ hfsc ]p{Xnam¿ D≠mIpw. (ZmcnI ˛ ]p{Xn)
  • 237. ^eZo]nI 232 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (6) kpJmkvXZiaÿnssXcip`ImhyioXmwip`n¿˛ hybmjvSXtbmZtbjzip`tKjp hwi£bx atZ IhnhnZu aXu Kpcpck¤ncw_pÿnssXx kptX iinn ss[hybXpÿ]mss]c]n. 1 kpJ AkvX Zia ÿnssXx Aip` Imhy ioXmwip`nx ˛ men¬ ]m]≥, Ggn¬ ip{I≥, ]Øn¬N{μ≥ hyb AjvS Xb DZtbjjp Aip`tKjp ˛ 12, 8, 5, e·w ChIfn¬ ]m]∑m¿ hwi£bx ˛ Cu ÿnXn hwimiw kqNn∏n°p∂p.. 2 atZ Ihn hnZu ˛ Ggn¬ ip{Ipw _p[pw Kpcp Ak¤n Aw_pÿnssX ˛ men¬ -- hymgw ]m]tcmSpIqsS kptX iinn ˛ A©n¬ N{μ≥ ss[ hyb Xpÿ ]mss]x ˛ 7, 12, 1 `mhßfn¬ --]m]nIƒ ˛˛CsX√mw hwimiw kqNn∏n°p∂p. (7) ]mt] et· e·t] ]p{Xkwtÿ [oti hotcy thivaoμmh]p{Xx HmP¿t£ f wti ]p{XtK kqcyZrjvtS Nt{μ ]p{Xt¢i`mIv kymZkqpx. 1. ]mt] et· - ˛ ]m]≥ e·Øn¬ -- e·t] ]p{Xkwtÿ ˛ A©n¬ e·m[n]Xn [oti hotcy ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]Xn aq∂n¬ thivaoμm ˛ men¬ N{μ≥ A]p{Xx ˛ CsX√mw A]p{XtbmKßfmWv. 2 HmP¿t£ Awti ]p{XtK Nt{μ ˛ ]p{Xÿmw HmPcmiywiambncn°pIbpw AXn¬ N{μ≥ n¬°pIbpw kqcyZrjvtS ˛ kqcy≥ tm°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ -- ]p{Xt¢i`mIv kymXv ˛ ]p{Xt¢iw As√¶n¬ Akqpx ˛ A]p{XXzw ^ew.
  • 238. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 233 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (8) amμw kpX¿£w bZn hm f Y_u[w amμy¿I]p{XmznXho£nXw tNXv ZØflPx kymZpZbmkvXmY˛  w_‘lotm hn_ex kptXix. 1 amμw kpX¿£w ˛ A©mw`mhw inbpsS cminbmhpI, bZn hm AY _u[w ˛ As√¶n¬ _p[s‚ cminbmhpI amμnA¿°]p{XmznX ˛ (AXnp) KpfnI≥, in ChcpsS tbmKtam ho£nXw tNXv ˛ ZrjvSntbmtbm D≠mhpI; 2 hn_ex kptXix ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]v _ean√mXncn°pI; DZbmkvXmY ˛ (AXnp) e·m[n]pw Ggmw`mhm[n]pambn kw_‘lotm ˛ kw_‘an√mXncn°pI ZØflP kymXv ˛ CXp c≠pw ZØp]p{XtbmKamWv. (9) oNmcnaqtVm]KtX kptXti cnx^mcn c{‘m[n]kwbptX hm kpXkymix IYntXm f {X Xss⁄x ipss`cZrjvtS kpXt` kptXti. 1 kptXti - -˛ A©mw`mhm[n]Xn oN Acn aqV D]KtX ˛ oNØntem i{Xpt£{XØntem auVy tØmSpIqSntbm n¬°pI hm ˛ As√¶n¬ cnx^ Acn c{‘ A[n]kwbptX ˛ 12, 6, 8 A[n]cpsS IqsS n¬°pI; 2 kpXt` ˛ A©mw`mhØnpw kptXti ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]Xn°pw ipss`x AZrjvtS ˛ ip`ZrjvSn C√mXncn°pI. kpXkymix ˛ Cu ÿnXnIƒ ]p{XmisØ kqNn∏n °p∂psh∂p IYntXm A{X Xss⁄x ˛ Adnhp≈h¿ ]dbp∂p.
  • 239. ^eZo]nI 234 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (10) kpXmYPohIpP`mkvItcjp ssh ]pcpjmwitIjp N KtXjp Ip{XNnXv aptbm hZ¥n _lp]p{XXmw XZm kpXmYhocyhiXx kp]p{XXmw. 1 kpXmY Poh IpP `mkvItcjp ssh˛A©mw`mhm[n]≥, Kpcp, IpP≥, chn Ch¿ ]pcpjmwitIjp N KtXjp Ip{XNnXv-˛ n¬°p∂ hmwiw ]pcpjcminbmbm¬ aptbm hZ¥n _lp]p{XXmw XZm˛ hfsc ]p{Xcp≠mIpsa∂p apnam¿ ]dbp∂p. 2 kpXmYhocyhiXx ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]s‚ _eapkcn®p kp]p{XXmw. ˛ ]p{Xs‚ kz`mhKpWhpw ]dbmw. (11) ]pwcmiywti [oiztc ]pw{Ktlss{μ¿˛ bpt‡ ZrjvtS ]pw{Ktl ]pw{]kqXnx kv{Xocmiywti kv{Xo{Ksslxcyp‡ZrjvtS kv{XoWmw P∑ kymXv kpX¿t£ kptXti. 1 [oiztc ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]Xn ]pwcmiywti ˛ ]pcpjcminbn¬ / hmwiØn¬ n¬°pI; AXnp ]pw{Ktlss{μx bpt‡ ˛ ]pcpj{KlßfpsS tbmKtam ]pw{Ktl ZrjvtS ˛ ZrjvSntbm D≠mhpI (F¶n¬) ]pw{]kqXnx ˛ B¨Ip´nbmIpw. (A©mw`mhm[n]Xn) 2 kv{Xocmiywti ˛ kv{Xocminbntem kv{XohmwiØntem n¬°pI; AXnp kv{Xo{Ksslx bp‡ZrjvtS ˛ kv{Xo{KlßfpsS tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm D≠mhpI, F¶n¬ kv{XoWmw P∑ kymXv ˛ s]¨Ip´nbmIpw. kpX¿t£ kptXti. ˛ A©mw`mhwsIm≠pw A©mw`mhm[n ]Xnsbs°m≠pw (Cßs Nn¥n°Ww.) (12) _ebp‡u kzKlmwti˛ jz¿°knXmh]Nb¿£Ku ]pwkmw
  • 240. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 235 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly kv{XoWmw hm IpPN{μu bZm XZm kw`hXn K¿`x. 1 A¿° knXm ˛ chnip{I∑m¿ _ebp‡u ˛ _ehm∑mcmbn kzKrlmwtijp ˛ kzt£{Xhmwißfn¬ D]Nb¿£Ku ˛ D]Nbÿmßfn¬ n¬°ptºmƒ ]pwkmw ˛ ]pcpjpw (AXmbXv, ]pcpj≥ _‘s∏Sp∂ kv{Xo°pw) 2 IpPN{μu ˛ IpPpw N{μpw (CXpt]mse n¬°ptºmƒ) kv{XoWmw ˛ kv{XoIƒ°pw kw`hXn K¿`x ˛ K¿`w D≠mIpw. (13) Ai{XpoNmcnhmwissI ptX kptXibpss‡c]n ssXkvXYmhnss[x kpX¿£ssK¿hm Kpcp`mZnmwiImXv kptX ^ssex ]p{XanXn¿hnNn¥ytX. 1 kptX ˛ A©n¬ n¬°p∂Xpw Ai{XpoNAcn hmwissIx ˛ i{Xpt£{XÿnXntbm oNmhÿtbm i{XphmwiIÿnXntbm C√mØXpamb {KlßfpsS FÆwsImt≠m 2 kptXibpss‡c]n ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]s‚ IqsS ssXkvXYmhnss[x ˛ n¬°p∂ {Klßfn¬ i{Xpt£{X ÿnXn apXembh C√mØ {KlßfpsS FÆwsImt≠m 3 Kpcp`m ˛ hymgw n¬°p∂ cminbn¬nt∂m ZnmwiImXv ˛ kqcy≥ n¬°p∂ hmwiØn¬nt∂m kpX¿£ssK¿hm ˛ A©n¬ n¬°p∂ {KlßfpsS AjvSI h¿§_nμp°sfs°mt≠m kptX ˛ ]p{XkwJy ]dbWw.
  • 241. ^eZo]nI 236 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (14) Pothμp£nXnPkv^pssSIy`ht bpt‹ N bp‹mwitI kv{XoWmw t£{X^ew hZ¥n kpXZw ant{i {]bmkmXv ^ew `mkzXvip{IKpcpkv^pssSIy`htf- t]ymPmwitIft]ymPt` ]pwkmw _oP_ew kpX{]Zanaw ant{i Xp an{iw htZXv. 1 Poh Cμp £nXnP kv^pS ˛ (kv{XoPmXIØn¬) Kpcp, N{μ≥, IpP≥ ChcpsS kv^pS߃ sFIy`ht ˛ Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂Xv bpt‹ N bp‹mwitI ˛ bp‹cminbn¬ bp‹mwiambn h∂m¬ kv{XoWmw t£{X^ew kpXZw ˛ kv{XoIƒ°p ]p{Xkn≤n°p th≠ t£{X^eamIpw. ant{i {]bmkmXv ^ew ˛ CXp an{iambncp∂m¬ ^e{]m]vXn°p {]bmkap≠mIpsa∂pw (]cnlmc߃ th≠nhcpsa∂pw) hZ¥n ˛ (BNmcy∑m¿) ]dbp∂p. 2 `mkz Xvip{I Kpcp kv^pSssSIy ˛ (]pcpjPmXIØn¬) chn, ip{I≥, Kpcp ChcpsS kv^pS߃ Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂Xv `htt]ymPmwitIt]ymPtI ˛ HmPcminbpw HmPAwiIhpambncp∂m¬ ]pwkmw _oP_ew kpX{]Zanaw ˛ ]p{Xkn≤n°v Bhiyamb _oP_eamIpw. ant{i Xp an{iw htZXv ˛ an{iambncp∂m¬ {]bXvw (]cnlmc {InbIƒ) sIm≠v ^ew D≠mIpsa∂pw ]dbWw. (15) ]©Lvm—inx kv^pSmZnjp lXw `mpkv^pSw tim[tb˛ ∂oXzm X{X XnYnw kntX ip`XnYu ]pt{Xm f kvXybXvmZ]n IrjvtW mkvXn kpXÿntXx _ehimXv {_qbmZztbmx ]£tbmx Z¿ti On{ZXnYu N hnjvSnIctW kymXv ÿncmtJy kpXx.
  • 242. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 237 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly .]©Lvm—inx kv^pSmZnjp ˛ A©psIm≠v KpWn® N{μkv^pSØn¬n∂pw lXw `mpkv^pSw tim[tb∂oXzm X{X XnYnw ˛ A©psIm≠v KpWn® kqcykv^pSw Ipd®m¬ k¥mXnYnkv^pSw In´pw. CXns XnYn{]amWw (720 Ie) sIm≠p lcn®p XnYn ImWWw. X{X XnYnw kntX ip`XnYu ]pt{Xm f kvXn AbXvmZ]n ˛ Cu XnYn shfpØ ]£Ønse ip`XnYnbmsW¶n¬ km[mcW KXnbn¬ Øs∂ ]p{X∑m¿ D≠mIpw. IrjvtW mkvXn... ˛ IdpØ]£XnYnbmsW¶n¬ {]bXvwIqSmsX (]cnlmcw sNømsX) ]p{Xcp≠mIn√. kpXÿntXx _ehimXv {_qbmXv Zztbmx ]£tbmx ˛ CXv GXp ]£Ønembmepw, A©n¬ n¬°p∂ {KlØns‚ _ew IqSn tmt°≠Xp≠v. Z¿ti On{ZXnYu N hnjvSnIctW ÿncmtJy kpXx. ˛On{ZXnYnItfm hnjvSnIcWtam, ÿncIcWtam hcp∂psh¶n¬, ]p{Xcp ≠mhpIbpan√. 1. On{ZXnYnIƒ: NXp¿∞n, jjvTn. AjvSan, han, ZzmZin, NXp¿±in. 2. hnjvSnIcWw: shfpØ]£Øn¬: AjvSan, hmhv ChbpsS ]q¿hm≤w NXp¿∞n, GImZin ChbpsS DØcm¿≤w IdpØ]£Øn¬: k]vXan, NXp¿±in ChbpsS ]q¿hm¿≤w XrXob, Zian ChbpsS DØcm¿≤w 3. ÿncIcWw: ]p≈v, m¬°men, ]mºv, ]pgp. (Chsb√mwXs∂ F√m √ Imcy߃°pw Hgnhmt°≠hbmWv.) (16) hnjvSnx ÿncw hm IcWw bZn kymXv IrjvWw btPXv ]ucpjkq‡ ass{¥x jjvTymw Kplmcm[a{X Imcyw btP NXp¿∞ymw Ine mKcmPw. hnjvSnx ÿncw hm IcWw bZn kymXv ˛ k¥mXnYnbn¬ hnjvSntbm ÿncIcWtam BWv hcp∂sX¶n¬ IrjvWw btPXv ]ucpjkq‡ass{¥x ˛ ]pcpjkq‡wsIm≠v IrjvWs Bcm[n°Ww. jjvTymw Kplmcm[w A{XImcyw ˛ (AXpt]mse) jjvTnbn¬ kp{_“Wytbpw
  • 243. ^eZo]nI 238 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly btP NXp¿∞ymw mKcmPw. ˛ NXp¿∞nbn¬ mKcmPmhnsbpw ]qPn°Ww. (17) cmambWky {ihWw haymw bZyjvSao tNXv {ihWw {hXw N NXp¿±io tNZyZn cp{Z]qPm kym±zmZio tNXv kvarXa∂Zmw. cmambWky {ihWw haymw ˛ (k¥mXnYn) hanbn¬ BsW¶n¬ cmambWw tIƒ°Ww ({ihWw) bZyjvSao tNXv {ihWw {hXw N ˛ AjvSanbn¬ -- {ihWhpw {hXhpw NXp¿±io tNXv bZn cp{Z]qPm ˛ NXp¿±inbn¬ -- cp{Z]qP ZzmZio tNXv kvarXa∂Zmw. ˛ ZzmZinbn¬ -- Du´v. (18) Xr]vXnw ]nXrWmanl ]©Ziymw - IrjvtW Ziaymw ]ctXm f XnbXvmXv ]£{Xn`mtKjz]n mKcmPw kvIμ© tkthX lcnw {ItaW. Xr]vXnw ]nXrWmanl ]©Ziymw - ˛ (k¥mXnYn) ]©Zinbn¬ (hmhp --∂mfn¬) BsW¶n¬ ]nXr°sf Xr]vXns∏SpØWw IrjvtW Ziaymw ]ctXm AXnbXvmXv ˛ (k¥mXnYn) IrjvW]£Zian°p tijamsW¶n¬ AXn{]bXvw (IqSpX¬ ]cnlmcw) sIm≠p am{Xta k¥Xn D≠mIq. ChIqSmsX k¥mXnYn tZmj]cnlmcØnv ˛ ]£{Xn`mtKjz]n mKcmPw kvIμ© tkthX lcnw {ItaW ˛ Hcp ]£sØ aq∂p `mKam°nbm¬ ˛˛ BZy`mKØmsW¶n¬ (1˛5 XnYnIƒ) ˛ mKcmPmhv, c≠maXp `mKØmsW¶n¬ (6˛10 XnYnIƒ) ˛ kvIμ≥ (kp{_“Wy≥), aq∂mw `mKØmsW¶n¬ (11˛15 XnYnIƒ) ˛ lcn (hnjv Wp) ˛˛ F∂ {IaØn¬ ]qPn°bpw thWw.
  • 244. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 239 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (19) ]pt{Xtim cn]poNtKm f kvXabtKm cnx^mjvSamcnÿnX˛ kvXZzXv]p{XKrlÿntXm f ]n bZn hm Zpÿm]kvXZzimXv ]p{Xm`mhnZmtah IYtb˛ ØXvtJNcm{Im¥`x t{]mss‡¿ssZhX`qcpsslc]n arssKx k¥mtlXpw htZXv. 1. ]pt{Xi cn]p oN AkvXabtKm, cnx^m AjvSa AcnÿnX ˛ A©mw `mhm[n]Xn, i{Xpt£{XØntem oNØntem auVyØntem, 12˛8˛6`mhßfntem n--∂mepw 2. XZzXv ]p{XKrl ÿnX A]n ˛ AXpt]mse A©mw`mhØn¬ -- n¬°p∂ {Klw C{]Imcw n--∂mepw 3. Zpÿm]kvXZzimXv ˛ B {Klw (A©mw `mhm[n]Xn / A©mw`mhØn¬ -- n¬°p∂ {Klw) Zpÿmm[n]≥ Bbncp--∂mepw ]p{X A`mh nZmtah IYtbXv ˛ ]p{X∑m¿ Cs√∂pw (AXnp ImcWhpw) ]dbWw. 4 XXv tJNc B{Im¥`x ˛ B {Klw n¬°p∂ cmin / £{Xw sh®v t{]mss‡x ssZhX `qcpssl A]n arssKx k¥mtlXpw htZXv ˛ tZhX, hr£w, arKw XpSßnb k¥m(tZmj)ImcW߃ ]dbWw. (AXp hgn F¥ns‚ tIm]w / im]w aqeamWv a°ƒ D≠mImØsX∂p Is≠ØpIbpw AXnp ]cnlmcw sNøpIbpw sNømw.) (20) t{Zmlm—w`p kp]¿Ætbm¿ln kpXx im]mXv ]nXrWmw cth˛ cntμm¿amXrkphmkno `KhXo˛ tIm]m∑tmtZmjXx kz{KmaÿnXtZhXmKplcn]p˛ ⁄mXyp∞tZmjmXv IptP im]mXv _meIrXmZv _nemf (_nUme) h[Xx {iohnjvWptIm]mXv _pt[.
  • 245. ^eZo]nI 240 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (21) ]mcºcykpc{]nbZznPKpcpt{ZmlmXv ^emVy{Zpa˛ t—ZmXv tZhKpcu XYm kXn `rKu ]pjv]{Zpat—ZmXv km[zo tKmIpePmXtZmjhitXm b£ymZn Imta km atμ f iz∞h[m{Zpjm ]nXr]tXx t{]ssXx ]nimNmZn`nx. (22) kz¿`mu kpXtK kptXiklntX k¿]ky im]mØYm tIXu {_m“Wim]X› KpfntI t{]tXm∞im]w htZXv ipt{Iμq KpfnImznXu bZn h[q˛ tKmlØnamlp ptX Pothm hmY inJo kamμncnl tNXv `qtZhlXym f kpXx. kpXtK kptXiklntX ˛ (Zp¿∫emb) A©mw`mhm[n]≥/A©n¬ -- n¬°p∂ {Klw kqNn∏n °p∂ k¥mtZmjImcW߃˛˛ 1. cth --˛ kqcymsW¶n¬ t{ZmlmXv iw`p kp]¿Ætbmx im]mXv ]nXrWmw ˛ inh≥, KcpU≥, ]nXmhv / ]nXr°ƒ ChcpsS tIm]w/im]w 2. Ctμmx ˛ N{μmsW¶n¬ amXr kphmkno `KhXo tIm]m∑tmtZmjXx ˛ amXmhv, kpawKen, `KhXn ChcpsS tIm]w/im]w 3. IptP ˛ IpPmsW¶n¬ kz{KmaÿnXtZhXm Kpl co]p ⁄mXyp∞tZmjmXv ˛ {KmatZhX, kp{_“Wy≥, i{Xp°ƒ, _‘p°ƒ ChcpsS tIm]w/im]w 4. _pt[. ˛ _p[msW¶n¬ im]mXv _meIrXmXv _nUmeh[Xx {iohnjvWptIm]mXv ˛_meim]w, am¿÷mch[w, hnjvWptIm]w 5. tZhKpcu ˛ hymgamsW¶n¬ ]mcºcykpc{]nbZznPKpcpt{ZmlmXv ^emVy{Zpat—ZmXv ˛ [¿ΩssZhw, {_m“W≥, Kpcp ChcpsS tIm]w/im]w, ^ehr£ßƒ apdn®Xns‚ ]m]w.
  • 246. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 241 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 6. `rKu ˛ ip{ImsW¶n¬ ]pjv] {Zpa t—ZmXv km[zo tKmIpePmXtZmjhitXmb£mZn Imta ˛ ]q°p∂ ac߃ apdn®Xns‚ tZmjw, t{ijvTkv{Xoim]w, ]ipt{Zml]m]w, b£n K‘¿h D]{Zh߃ 7. atμ ˛ inbmsW¶n¬ Aiz∞h[m{Zpjm ]nXr]tXx t{]ssXx ]mimNmZn`nx ˛ Acbm¬ apdn®Xns‚ tZmjw, [¿ΩtZh (ba) tIm]w, t{]X]nimNp° fpsS D]{Zhw. 8. kz¿`mu ˛ cmlphmsW¶n¬ k¿]ky im]w ˛ mKim]w 9. tIXu ˛ tIXphmsW¶n¬ {_m“Wim]X› ˛ {_m“Wim]w 10. KpfntI ˛ KpfnImsW¶n¬ t{]tXm∞im]w ˛ t{]Xim]w 11. ipt{Iμq KpfnImznXu bZn h[qtKmlXy.. ˛ ip{Ipw N{μpw KpfnIpw IqSn CXpt]mse n∂m¬ kv{Xoh[ tKmh[ ]m]߃ 12. Pothm inJo kamμncnl tNXv ˛ hymgw, tIXp, KpfnI≥ C{]Imcw n∂m¬ `qtZhlXy ˛ {_“lXym]m]w. (23) Ghw ln P∑katb _lp]q¿hP∑˛ I¿Ωm¿÷nXw ZqcnXaky hZ¥n X÷vRmx XØZv {Ktlm‡P]Zmip`{Inbm`n˛ kvXt±mjim¥nanl iwkXn ]p{Xknss≤y. _lp ]q¿hP∑ I¿Ω B¿÷nXw ZqcnXaky ˛ ap≥P∑ßfn¬ sNbvX I¿ΩßfpsS ^eambn D≠mIp∂ (k¥man√m bva XpSßnb) ZpcnX߃ Ghw ln P∑katb hZ¥n X÷vRmx ˛ C{]ImcamWv PkabsØ {Klnebn¬°qSn kqNn∏n°s∏Sp ∂sX∂v Adnhp≈h¿ ]dbp∂p.
  • 247. ^eZo]nI 242 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Xt±mjim¥nw Cl ]p{Xknss≤y ˛ a°fp≠mIp∂Xnv, Cu tZmjßfpsS im¥n°mbn XØZv {Ktlm‡ ˛ Hmtcm {KlØnpw ]d™n´p≈ P]Zm ip`{Inbm`nx ˛ P]w, Zmw, XpSßnb ip`{InbIƒ (]cnlmcambn sNøWw) iwkXn ˛ F∂pw ]dbs∏´ncn°p∂p. (24) tkXpkvmw Io¿Øw k¬°Ymbmw ]qPmw iwt`mx {io]tXx kZv{hXmn Zmw {im≤w I¿a mK{]XnjvTmw IpcymtZssXcm]vpbmXv k¥Xow kx. tkXpkvmw ˛ kap{Zkvmw, Io¿Øw k¬°Ymbmw ˛ (]pcmWmZn) kXv°YIfpsS Io¿Øw (]mcmbWw) ]qPmw iwt`mx {io]tXx ˛ inh]qP, hnjvWp]qP, Chcpambn _‘s∏´ {hX߃, Zmw {im≤w I¿a mK{]XnjvTmw ˛ Zmw, {im≤I¿Ω߃, mK{]XnjvT IpcymXv GssX ˛ (XpSßnb ]cnlmc{InbIƒ) sNbvXm¬ B]vpbmXv k¥Xow. ˛ k¥map≠mIpw. (25) e·mkvX]p{X]XnPohZim]lmtc ]pt{X£Iky kpXKky N ]p{Xkn≤nx ]pt{XicminaYhm baI≠I¿£w Poth KtX Xbkn≤ncYmwit` hm. 1 e·˛AkvX˛]p{X]Xn Poh ˛ 1 , 7, 5 `mhm[n]XnIƒ, Kpcp ChcpsS Zim]lmtc - ˛ Zim]lmcßfntem ]pt{X£Iky kpXKky N ˛ A©n¬ n¬°pItbm A©ntebv°p tm°pItbm sNøp∂ {KlßfpsS (Zim]lmcßfntem) ]p{Xkn≤nx ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw.
  • 248. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 243 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2 ]pt{Xicminw AYhm baI≠I¿£w˛ (As√¶n¬) A©mw`mhm[n]Xntbm baI≠Itm n¬°pItbm Awin°pItbm sNøp∂ cminbn¬ Poth KtX ˛ (Nmchim¬) Kpcp hcp∂ kabØpw Xbkn≤nx ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw. (26) e·m[oix ]p{XmtY tbmKw tkzmt® kz¿t£ NmcKXym ktaXn ]p{X{]m]vXnx kymØZm e·mYx ]p{X¿£w hm bmXy[oim]vX`w hm. 3 e·m[oix ]p{XmtY tbmKw ˛ e·m[n]Xn A©mw`mhm[n]XntbmSpIqSn tkzmt® kz¿t£ NmcKXym ktaXn ˛ D®Øntem kzt£{XØntem Nmchim¬ hcptºmƒ ]p{X{]m]vXnx ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw. -- 4 kymXv XZm e·mYx ]p{X¿£w hm A[oim]vX`w bmXn... ˛ e·m[n]Xn C{]Imcw A©ntem A©mw`mhm[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbntem hcptºmgpw (]p{Xcp≠mIpw.) (27) hne·ImamflPmbImmw tbmKmXv kamob Zimw almJymw kpXÿZzo£IXXv]Xomw Zim]lmtcjp kptXm¤hx kymXv. 5 hne·ImamflPmbImmw ...Zimw almJymw ˛ e·m[n]Xn, Ggmw`mhm[n]Xn, A©mw`mhm[n]Xn ChcpsS Zibn¬ (ChcpsS {Klkv^pS߃ Iq´n £{XZi hcpØnbXn¬) kpXÿ ho£I XXv]Xomw Zim]lmtcjp ˛ A©n¬ n¬°pItbm A©ntebv°p tm°pItbm sNøp∂ {KlØns‚tbm A©mw`mhm[n]t‚tbm Zim]lmclmcßfn¬ kptXm¤hx --˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw.
  • 249. ^eZo]nI 244 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (28) kpX]XnKp¿thmcYhm XZyp‡cmiywiIm[n]mmw hm _eklnXky Zimbm˛ a]lmtc hm kpX{]m]vXnx 6 kpX]Xn Kp¿thm ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]Xn, Kpcp, AYhm XZyp‡... ˛ As√¶n¬ A©mw`mhm[n]Xntbm Kpcpthm (n¬°p∂) cmiywiIm[n]mmw hm ˛ cminbpsS mY≥, AwiImY≥ (Chcn¬) _eklnXky Zimbma]lmtc hm ˛ -- _etadp∂ {KlØns‚ Zim]lmcßfn¬ kpX{]m]vXnx ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw. (29) Poth Xp PohmflPmY`mwiI˛ {XntImWtK ]p{XPo¿`th∂rWmw AYmyimkvt{XW N P∑IetXm ncq]tbXvk¥Xne£Ww _p[x. 7 PohmflPmY`mwiI ˛ (PkabØp) hymgw n∂ cminbptStbm A©mw`mhm[n]Xn n∂ cminbptStbm AwiIØns‚ {XntImWtK ˛ {XntImWØn¬ -- Poth ˛ hymgw hcptºmƒ ]p{XPo¿`th∂rWmw ˛ ]p{X≥ Pn°pw. AYmyimkvt{XW N P∑ImetXm ncq]tbXv k¥Xne£Ww _p[x. ˛ Ayimkv{Xßsfs°m≠pw PkabsØ k¥Xne£Ww ncq]n°Ww. (30) P∑£{XmYky {]Xyc¿£m[n]ky N kv^pStbmKw KtX Poth {XntImtW hm kptXm¤hx 8 P∑£{XmYky ˛ P∑£{Xm[n]t‚bpw {]Xyc¿£m[n]ky N ˛ A©mw£{Xm[n]t‚bpw kv^pStbmKw ˛ kv^pStbmKØns‚ {XntImtW hm ˛ {XntImWØn¬ KtX Poth ˛ Kpcp hcptºmƒ kptXm¤hx ˛ ]p{Xcp≠mIpw
  • 250. A≤ymbw 12 (]p{XNn¥) 245 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (31) ntjIe·m±n]kvXrXotb cmiu bZm NmchimZpss]Xn B[me·mZYhm {XntImtW chu bZm P∑ htZ∂cmWmw. ntjIe·mXv XrXotb cmiu ˛ ntjIe·Øns‚ aq∂n¬ AYhm ˛ As√¶n¬ B[me·mXv {XntImtW ˛ B[me·Øns‚ {XntImWØn¬ Zn] NmchimXv Dss]Xn ˛ kqcy≥ Nmchim¬ n¬°p∂psh¶n¬ P∑ htZXv cmWmw ˛ AXp apjyP∑amsW∂p ]dbWw. ntjIw ˛ tkIw : hnhmltijw BZyambn _‘s∏Sp∂Xv B[mw : K¿`m[mw (32) B[me·mXv kpXt`iP∑˛ `tKy f ]n hm ]pWyhim® hmNyw B[met· ip`ZrjvSntbmtK Zo¿LmbpsscizcybptXm cx kymXv. B[me·mXv kpXt`i ˛ B[me·Øns‚ A©mw`mhm[n]≥ P∑`tKyf]n hm ˛ P∑Øntem (1) `mKyØntem (9) n¬°pI bmsW¶n¬ ]pWyhimXv N hmNyw ˛ ]pWywsIm≠p≈ PamsW∂pw ]dbWw. B[met· ip`ZrjvSntbmtK ˛ B[me·Ønp ip`s‚ tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm Ds≠¶n¬ Zo¿Lmbp sFizcybptXm cx kymXv. ˛ Zo¿Lmbp pw sFizcyhpw D≈hmIpw. (33) XXvImteμp ZzmZimwti tajmØmhXn t`f]n hm XkvamØmhXn t` hmf]n P∑N{μw htZZv _p[x. XXvImteμp ˛ B[mkabsØ N{μs‚ ZzmZimwti ˛ ZzmZimwiw tajmØmhXn t`f]n hm ˛ taSwapX¬ F{XmasØ cminbnemtWm XkvamØmhXn t` .. ˛ A{XmasØ cminbnembncn°pw
  • 251. ^eZo]nI 246 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly P∑N{μw ˛ PmXIØnse N{μ≥ htZXv ˛ F∂p ]dbWw. (34) {]ivmflP kzoIctWm]oXn˛ Iym{]Zmm f `nhm¿Xthjp B[mImte]n N P∑Xpeyw ^ew htZ÷∑hne·X›. {]ivw ˛ {]ivw BflP kzoIcW ˛ ]p{XkzoIcWw, D]oXn ˛ D]bw, Iym{]Zm ˛ IyImZmw, A`nh B¿Øthjp ˛ BZyEXp apXembhbnepw B[mImte A]n ˛ B[mImeØnepw P∑Xpeyw ˛ PmXIØn¬ sNøp∂Xpt]mse P∑hne·Xx N ˛ e·mepw N{μmepw Nn¥n®p ^ew htZXv ˛ ^ew ]dbWw.
  • 252. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 247 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 13 Bbp¿n¿Æbw (1) PmtX Ipamtc kXn ]q¿hamsscy-˛ cmbp¿hnNn¥yw ln XXx ^emn hnNmcWob KpWnn ÿntX XZv˛ KpWmx kakvXmx Jep e£Wss⁄x. PmtX Ipamtc ˛ Hcp inip Pn®m¬ ]q¿hamsscyx ˛ BZyambn sNtø≠Xv Bbpx hnNn¥yw ˛ Bbp¿Nn¥bmWv. ln XXx ^emn ˛ AXnptijw thWw ^eNn¥. KpWnn ÿntX ˛ (PkabsØ {Klnebn¬) KpWIcamb {KlÿnXn ImWp∂psh¶n¬ - -KpWmx kakvXmx ˛ (Zo¿Lmbp p XpSßnb) kIe KpW^ehpw e£Wss⁄x. ˛ (]cnNb kº∂mb) ssZh⁄m¬ (am{Xw) hnNmcWob ˛ Nn¥n°s∏SWw (2) tINnZyYm[mhne·aty io¿tjmZbw `q]Xw ln tINnXv tlmcmhnZt›XImbtbmtym¿ hntbmKImew IYb¥n e·w. 1. tINnXv bYm B[mhne·w ˛ Nne¿ B[mkabsØ e·hpw 2. Aty io¿tjmZbw ˛ Nne¿ intcmZ¿i (inc p shfnbn¬ ImWp∂) kabsØ e·hpw 3. `q]Xw ln tINnXv ˛ a‰p Nne¿ `q]X(Ip´n amXricocw hn´v Xmsg hogp∂)kabsØ e·hpw 4. tNXImbtbmx hntbmKImew ˛ Cn Nne¿ s]m°nƒsImSn apdn®v Ip´n Xn®pw kzX{¥amIp∂ kabsØ e·hpw P∑e·amsbSp°p∂p. CXn¬ GXmWv --icnbmb Pkabw G∂Xv C∂pw X¿°hnjbamW vv. intcmZ¿iamWv ChnsS {][mambpw ]n¥pScp∂Xv.
  • 253. ^eZo]nI 248 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (3) BZzmZim_vZm∂ctbmnP∑m˛ ambpjvIem n›bnXpw iIytX am{Xm N ]n{Xm IrX]m]I¿aWm _me{Kssl¿miapss]Xn _meIx. PmXI{]Imcw [mcmfw Bbp p ImWmsa¶nepw˛˛ BZzmZim_vZm≥ ctbmnP∑mw ˛ ]{¥≠p hb p XnIbp∂Xphsc HcmfpsS BbpjvIem n›bnXpw iIytX ˛ bYm¿∞ Bbp v ]dbm≥ km≤ya√. am{Xm N ]n{Xm IrX]m]I¿aWm ˛ (ImcWw,) amXm]nXm°ƒ sNøp∂ ]m]I¿ΩßfpsS ^eambpw _me{Kssl ˛ _me{Kl]oUIƒ (_memcnjvSXIƒ) sIm≠pw miw Dss]Xn _meIx. ˛ Ip´n (tctØ) acn®p t]msb∂p hcmw. (4) BtZy NXpjvtI Po IrXmssL¿˛ at≤y N ]n{Xm¿÷nX ]m]kwssLx(1) _mekvXZ¥ymkp NXpx icXvkp kzIobtZmssjx kapss]Xn miw. (1) ]mTt`Zw: ]m]kwssJy, kwssK Cu ]{¥≠p hb n¬ BtZy NXpjvtI Po IrX AssLx ˛ BZysØ mep hb phsc (1˛4) AΩbpsS ]m]ßfmepw at≤y N ]nXr B¿÷nX ]m]kwssLx ˛ ]n∂sØ mep hb v (4˛8) A—s‚ ]m]ßfmepw XXv A¥ymkp NXpx icXvkp ˛ Ahkm mep h¿jw (9˛12) kzIobtZmssjx ˛ kzI¿ΩtZmjØmepw _mex kapss]Xn miw. ˛ Ip´n acn®p t]msb∂p hcmw. (5) Xt±mjimss¥y {]XnP∑ Xmc˛ amZzmZim_vZw P]tlma]q¿hw BbpjvIcw I¿ahn[mb XmtXm _mew NnIn’mZn`ntch ct£Xv. XXv tZmjimss¥y ˛ AØcØnep≈ tZmjßfpsS im¥n°mbns°m≠v
  • 254. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 249 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly BZzmZim_vZw ˛ ]{¥≠v hb p XnIbp∂Xphsc {]XnP∑ Xmcw ˛ F√m]nd∂mfnpw P]tlma]q¿hw ˛ P]tlmaßtfmsS BbpjvIcw I¿ahn[mb ˛ Zo¿Lmbp npth≠nbp≈ I¿Ω߃ sNbvXpw _mew NnIn’mZn`ntch ˛ _metcmK߃°p≈ NnIn’ ¬Inbpw XmtXm ct£Xv ˛ A—≥ Ip´nsb (tZmjßfn¬ n∂pw) c£n°Ww. (6) AjvSu _memcnjvSamZu cmWmw tbmKmcnjvSw {]mlpcmhnwiXnkymXv A¬]w NmZzm{XnwiXw a[yambpx˛ ›mk]vXXymx ]q¿Æambpx iXm¥av. AjvSu _memcnjvSw BZu cmWmw ˛ Ip´nIƒ°v BZysØ F´p hb phsc _memcnjvShpw (1˛8) tbmKmcnjvSw {]mlpx BhnwiXn kymXv ˛ Ccp]Xp hb phsc tbmKmcnjvShpw (9˛20) A¬]w Nm Zzm {XnwiXw ˛ ap∏Ønc≠p hb phsc A¬]mbp pw (21˛32) a[yambpx Bk]vXXymx ˛ Fgp]Xp hb phsc a[ymbp pw (32˛70) ]q¿Æw Bbpx iXm¥x. ˛ qdp hb phsc ]q¿Æmbp pw (71˛100) BIp∂p. (7) rWmw h¿jiXw lymbpkvXkvanwkvt{X[m hn`PytX A¬]w a≤yw Zo¿LmambpcntXyXXv k¿hkΩXw (Cu k{ºZmbØn¬--) rWmw h¿jiXw ln Bbp ˛ apjy¿°v qdph¿jamWv Bbp v. XkvXn≥ t{X[m hn`PytX ˛ AXns aq∂mbn `mKn®m¬ -- A¬]w a≤ywZo¿Lmambpx CtXyXXv ˛ A¬]w, a≤yw, Zo¿Lw F∂nßs aq∂p hn[w BbpjvIme߃ In´pw. k¿hkΩXw ˛ Cu hn`Pw k¿hkΩXamIp∂p.
  • 255. ^eZo]nI 250 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (8) arXypx kym±narXypcpKznjLSo˛ Imte f Y Xnjym f w_pt` XmXmw_m(1) kpXamXpem≥ ]Zhim˛ ≤kvtX N lymØYm aqe¿t£ ]nXramXrhwihnebw(2) Xkym¥y]mtZ {inbw k¿t∏ hykvXanZw ^ew ip`kw˛ _‘w hne·w bZn. ]mTt`Zw: (1) PmXmw_m (2) nebw 1 ZnarXyp cpKv hnjLSoImte ˛ ZnarXyp, ZnhmtcmKw, hnjLSnI Chbn¬ Pn®m¬ arXypx kymXv ˛ acWamIp∂p. (Ip´n°v Bbp p Ipdbpw) 2. Xnjy, Aw_p...]ZhimXv ltkvX ˛ ]qbw, ]qcmSw, AØw mfpIfn¬ Pn®m¬ ]mZ{IaØn¬ XmX Aw_m kpX amXpem≥ ˛ ]nXmhv, amXmhv, PmXI≥, amXpe≥ Chsc lymØYm ˛ ln°pw A¿∞w Xnjyw, ]pjyw = ]qbw. Aw_p`w ˛ Aw_p £{Xw ˛ ]qcmSw. lkvXw -= AØw £{X]mZtZmj߃ ]mZw 1 2 3 4 ]qbw PmXI≥ amXmhv A—≥ AΩmh≥ ]qcmSw amXmhv A—≥ AΩmh≥ PmXI≥ AØw A—≥ AΩmh≥* PmXI≥ AΩ * AØw £{XØns‚ c≠mw]mZØn¬ Pn®m¬ AΩbv°pw memw ]mZØn¬ -- Pn®m¬ AΩmhpw arXyp kw`hn°pw.o 3 aqe¿t£ ]nXr amXr hwihnebw Xkym¥y]mtZ {inbw aqew ]mZw 1 2 3 4 ]nXmmiw amXmmiw hwimiw sFizcyw 3. k¿t∏* hykvXanZw ˛ BbneyØn¬ -- CXnp hn]coXw Bbneyw ]mZw 1 2 3 4 sFizcyw hwimiw amXmmiw ]nXmmiw 4. ^ew ip`kw_‘w hne·w bZn ˛ e·w ip`_‘tØmSpIqSnbncp∂m¬ Cu tZmj^e߃ D≠mIpIbn√.
  • 256. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 251 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1. N{μ≥ ip`{KltØmSpIqSn n∂m¬ ZnarXyphnpw ZnhmtcmKØnpw ]cnlmcambn. 2. N{μ≥ ip`mwiØn¬ n¬°pItbm ip`{Kl߃ N{μs tm°pItbm N{μ≥ ip`{KlßtfmSp tNcpItbm hymgw tI{μ{XntImWßfn¬ n¬°pItbm sNbvXm¬ - -hnjLSnIbv°pw tZmjan√. ZnarXyp 2. ZnhmtcmKw mƒ ]mZw mƒ ]mZw AØw 1 AizXn 1 Ahn´w 1 Bbneyw 1 XncphmXnc2 `cWn 2 hnimJw 2 aqew 2 Bbneyw 3 D{Xw 3 D{X´mXn 3 XncpthmWw 3 `cWn 4 aIbncw 4 aqew 4 tNmXn 4 ZnhmtcmKßfn¬ AizXn ˛ 1 p ]Icambn Nne {KŸßfn¬ D{X´mXn ˛ 1 ImWp≠v. 3. hnjLSnI Hmtcm mfnepap≈ tZmjIcamb mgnIIƒ (mfpIƒ°p tsc ImWn®n´p≈ kabwapX¬ mep mgnI). mƒ hnjLSnI mƒ hnjLSnI mƒ hnjLSnI AizXn 50 aIw 30 aqew 20 `cWn 24 ]qcw 40 ]qcmSw 24 Im¿ØnI 30 D{Xw 18 D{XmSw 20 tcmlnWn 40 AØw 22 XncpthmWw 10 aIbncw 14 Nn{X 20 Ahn´w 10 XncphmXnc11 tNmXn 14 NXbw 18 ]pW¿Xw 30 hnimJw 14 ]qcqcp´mXn 16 ]qbw 20 Angw 10 D{X´mXn 24 Bbneyw 32 Xrt°´ 14 tchXn 30 t]cp kqNn∏n°p∂Xpt]mse Cu kabßsf√mwXs∂ ip`Imcy߃ °p h¿÷yamWv. Cu kabØp≈ Pw Bbp npw tZmjIcamWv.
  • 257. ^eZo]nI 252 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (9) ]m]m]vtX£nXcmink‘nPt ktZym hnmiw {[phw Kfimt¥ ]nXramXrlm iniparXn¿ PothZyZn £vam]Xnx PmXx k‘n NXpjvStb f ]yip`kwbpt‡£ntX kvYmparXn¿˛ artXym¿`mKKtX N kwkZn hn[u tIt{μ f jvSta hm arXnx. 1. ]m] B]vX ˛ ]m]∑m¿ n¬°p∂Xpw Cu£nX ˛ tm°p∂Xpamb cmink‘n Pt ˛ cmink‘nbn¬ Pn®m¬ ktZym hnmiw {[phw - ˛ DS≥ acWw Dd∏v. 2 Kfimt¥ ]nXramXrlm iniparXn ˛ Kfim¥Øn¬ Pn®m¬ ]nXmhnpw amXmhnpw Ip´n°pw miw. PothXv bZn £vam]Xnx ˛ Pohn°p∂psh¶n¬ cmPmhmIpw. 3 PmXx k‘n NXpjvStb A]n ˛ tI{μk‘nIfnse PØnv Aip`kwbpt‡£ntX ˛ Aip`∑mcpsS tbmKZrjvSnIfps≠¶n¬ kymXv arXnx ˛ acWap≠mIpw.-- cmin-k‘nIfpw £{Xk‘nIfpw ÿmw cmin-k-‘n- * £-{X-k‘n 120w I¿°Sw ˛ Nnßw B-bneyw ˛ aIw 240w hr›nIw ˛ [p Xr-t°´ ˛ aq-ew 360w aow ˛ taSw tc-hXn ˛ Aiz-Xn *cmin-Iƒ tNcp-∂n-S-sØ√mw k‘n-bp-s≠∂pw A`n-{]m-b-ap-≠v. Kfim¥w N{μ≥ k‘n IS-°p-tºm-gmWv Kfim¥w. Kfim¥w aq∂p hn[-ap-≠v. cmin K-fim-¥w, £-{X-K-fim-¥w, XnYn-K-fim-¥w. Kfim¥ tZmjw: GXp Kfim¥Øn¬ -- Pn®mepw Pw k‘yIfnembm¬ --Pn® Ip´n°pw cm{Xnbnembm¬ --amXmhnpw ]Iembm¬ -- ]nXmhnpw BWv tZmjw _m[n°p ∂Xv. ˛˛ tPymXnjnLfip (10) Nm{μw cq]w temIiptcm hc⁄x IptUy Nn{Xw `mKy temtI apJmmw tat cmPyw arXyp`mKmx {]ZnjvSm tajmZomw h¿WkwssJy¿lnamwtimx.
  • 258. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 253 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly arXyp`mKIƒ (Nμm¬) (IS]bmZn A£ckwJybn¬ --) taSw CShw anYp I¿°Nnßw I∂n Xpe hr›n [p aIcw Ipw`w aow Nm{μ cq]w temI ipc hc⁄ IpUyNn{X `mKy temtI apJm tat cmPyw 62 21 31 52 420 11 62 41 31 52 50 21 26 12 13 25 24 11 26 14 13 25 5 12 h¿WkwssJyx ˛ (Ch) A£ckwJybn¬ -- tajmZomw ˛ taSw XpSßnb cminIfnse lnamwtimx. ˛ N{μs‚ arXyp`mKmx {]ZnjvSm ˛ arXyp`mKIfmIp∂p. N{μ≥ Cu `mKIfn¬ n¬°ptºmƒ Pn®m¬ --Bbp p≠mhn√. (11) Zmw t[tm cp{Z cu{Zo aptJ `mtKym `mp tKm{XPmbm tJ ]p{Xo nXyw arXyp `mKmx {ItaW tajmZomw tXjp PmtXm KXmbpx. arXyp`mKIƒ (e·m¬) taSw CShw anYp I¿°Nnßw I∂n Xpe hr›n [p aIcw Ipw`w aow Zmw t[tm cp{Z cu{Zn aptJ `mtKym `mp tKm{X Pmb tJ ]p{Xo nXy 80 90 22 22 520 41 40 32 81 020 12 01 8 9 22 22 25 14 4 23 18 20 21 10 tajmZomw {ItaW ˛ (Ch) {IaØn¬ -- taSw XpSßnb cminIfpsS arXyp `mKmx ˛ arXyp `mKIfmIp∂p. tXjp PmtXm KXmbpx. ˛ Cu cmin`mK߃ DZn°ptºmƒ Pn®mepw Bbp p≠mhn√. (12) ct{‘ tIt{μjp ]mss]cpZbn[ssK¿˛ hmY e·mkvXtbm¿hm et· f _vtP thm{Kat≤y hybarXncn]ptK Zp¿_te ioX`mu £otWμu km ipt` hm XpaZKpcp[o-˛ `mPn c{‘mkvXtKmss{K¿˛ arXypx kymZmip tIt{μ bZn (1) ip`JKmx kZypXnx ho£Ww hm. (1) ]mTt`Zw: X]kn ˛ HºXnepw
  • 259. ^eZo]nI 254 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1 ct{‘ tIt{μjp ]mss] ˛ F´nepw tI{μßfnepw ]m]∑m¿ n¬°pI; 2 DZb n[ssK ˛ e·Ønepw F´nepw ]m]∑m¿ n¬°pI; 3 hm AY e· AkvXtbmx ˛ As√¶n¬ e·Ønepw Ggnepw ]m]∑m¿ n¬°pI; 4 et· A_vtP D{Kat≤y ˛ e·Ønt‚bpw N{μt‚bpw Ccphihpw ]m]¿ n¬°pI; 5 hybarXncn]ptK Zp¿_te ioX`mu ˛ Zp¿∫emb N{μ≥ 12˛8˛6 `mhßfn¬ n¬°pI; 6 £otWμu ˛ £oWN{μ≥ k Aipt` ˛ ]m]{KlßtfmSpIqSn Xp aZ Kpcp [o`mPn ˛ 1˛7˛9˛5 Cu `mhßfn¬ n¬°pI; 7 c{‘ AkvXtKmss{Kx ˛ 8˛7 `mhßfn¬ ]m]∑m¿ n¬°pI; arXyp kymXv Bip ˛˛ Chsb√mw inipacWw kqNn∏n°p∂hbmWv. F∂m¬˛˛ 1 tIt{μ bZn ip`JKmx ˛ tI{μßßfn¬ --(HºXnepw?) ip`{Kl߃ n¬°pItbm 2 kZypXnx ho£Ww hm ˛ (e·w, N{μ≥, ]m]{Klw Chbv°p) ip`ZrjvSn D≠mhpItbm sNbvXm¬-- ˛ Cßs kw`hn°pIbn√ . (13) Pt∑tim f Y hne·t]m bZn `th±pkvtYm f _tem h’ssc˛ kvX{Zmin {]anssX› amcbXn X∑mssk¿ZrKmWm[n]x Awtitim ZnhsskkvXYm bZn arXn¿ Zzn{XymZntbmKm≥ _lq˛ mtemNy {]htZXv kpXmjvSaKssXx ]mss]ccnjvSw intimx. 1 Pt∑i AY hne·t]m ˛ N{μe·m[n]≥ / e·m[n]≥ bZn `thXv Zpÿ A_e ˛ _elombn ZpÿmØp (6--˛8-˛12) n∂m¬ h¬kssc XXv cmin {]anssX› ˛ B Zpÿmcmin°p Xpeyamb h’cØn¬ (hb n¬) (taSw 1, CShw 2....F∂ {IaØn¬) amcbXn ˛ inip acn°mw. 2 X∑msskx ZrKmWm[n]x ˛ t{Z°mWm[n]≥ A{]Imcw n¬°pIbm sW¶n¬ B cmin°p Xpeyamb amkØnepw Awtitim Znhsskx XYm ˛ AwiImY≥ AßsbmsW¶n¬ B cmin°p Xpeyamb ZnhkØnepw arXnx ˛ inip acn°mw.
  • 260. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 255 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 3 Zzn{XmZntbmKm≥ _lq≥ ˛ (Ip´nbpsS PØn¬) Cu tbmKw ct≠m aqt∂m AXne[nItam ImWp∂psh¶n¬ BtemNy {]htZXv ˛ AXnpkcn®p Nn¥n®p ]dbWw. 2 kpX AjvSa KssXx ]mss]x AcnjvSw intimx. ˛ A©nepw F´nepw ]m]∑m¿ n∂m¬ Ip´n°v AcnjvSap≠mIpw. (14) et·tμmkvXZ[oitbmc]n antYm et·ict{‘itbm¿˛ t{Z°mWmXv kzhmwiImZ]n anY kvXZzmZimwimXv {IamXv Bbp¿Zo¿Lkam¬]Xmw NcKhywssK›tc f Yÿntc {_qbm±zμNcÿnssXcp`bt`Zÿmkvp ZzntZlmSss. e·w, N{μ≥ XpSßnbhbpsS Nc˛ÿnc˛D`b cminIfnse ÿnXn Apkcn®v Zo¿L˛ka˛A¬] Bbp pIƒ et·tμm -XZ[oitbmx A]n anYx ˛ e·m[n]pw N{μe·m[n]pw -- t{Z°mWmXv kzhmwiImXv ˛ t{Z°mWØnepw hmwiØnepw et·i ct{‘itbmx ˛ e·m[n]pw AjvSam[n]pw XXv ZzmZimwimXv ˛ ZzmZimwiØnepw (n∂m¬) {IamXv ˛ {IaØn¬ Zo¿L ka A¬]Xmw Bbpx ˛ (1) Zo¿L (2) ka (3) A¬∏ Bbp pIƒ Nc K ... ˛ Nc˛ÿnc˛D`bcminIƒ°pkcn®p ]dbWw. Cu t«mIw Zp¿{KlambXnmemsW∂p tXm∂p∂p, CXns‚ hymJymw mep ]pkvXIßfn¬ mep XcØnemWv ImWp∂Xv. Ahbn¬ --s]mXphmbn ImWp∂Xv aq∂p nbaßfmWv: (1) e·m[n]≥ n¬--°p∂ t{Z°mWhpw N{μe·m[n]≥ n¬--°p∂ t{Z°mWhpw XΩnep≈ Nc˛ÿnc˛D`b _‘w, (2) e·m[n]≥ n¬--°p∂ hmwihpw N{μe·m[n]≥ n¬--°p∂ hmwihpw XΩnep≈ Nc˛ÿnc˛D`b _‘w, (3) e·m[n]≥ n¬--°p∂ ZzmZimwihpw AjvSam[n]≥ n¬--°p∂ ZzmZimwihpw XΩnep≈ Nc˛ÿnc˛D`b _‘w. CXp sh®v, Hcp Ip´nbpsS Bbp v Zo¿Ltam, a≤ytam, A¬--∏tam F--∂dnbp∂ Xnv Xmsg sImSpØn´p≈ ]´nI D]tbmKn°mw
  • 261. ^eZo]nI 256 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (1) (2) (3) e·m[n]≥ N{μe·m[n]≥ ^ew n¬°p∂ n¬°p∂ t{Z°mWw/ t{Z°mWw/ hmwiw hmwiw 1. Ncw Ncw Zo¿Lmbp v Ncw ÿncw a≤ymbp v Ncw D`bw A¬]mbp v 2. ÿncw D`b Zo¿Lmbp v ÿncw Ncw a≤ymbp v ÿncw ÿncw Aev]mbp v 3. D`bw ÿncw Zn¿Lmbp v D`bw D`bw a≤ymbp v D`bw Ncw Aev]mbp v DZmlcWw (t{Z°mWÿnXn) e·t{Z°mWw Ncw + N{μt{Z°mWw Ncw = Zo¿Lmbp v + N{μt{Z°mWw ÿncw = a≤ymbp v + N{μt{Z°mWw D`bw = A¬∏mbp v e·t{Z°mWw ÿncw + N{μt{Z°mWw D`bw = Zo¿Lmbp v + N{μt{Z°mWw Ncw = a≤ymbp v + N{μt{Z°mWw ÿncw = A¬∏mbp v e·t{Z°mWw D`bw + N{μt{Z°mWw ÿncw = Zo¿Lmbp v + N{μt{Z°mWw D`bw = a≤ymbp v + N{μt{Z°mWw Ncw = A¬∏mbp v (15) e·m[oiip`mx {IamZv _lpkam¬]mbpjn tI{μmZnKmx ct{‘tim{KJKmkvXYm bZn KXm hykvXw hnZ[ypx ^ew Pt∑imjvSamYtbmcpZb]—nt{Zitbm¿ssa{XntXm `mkz√·]tbm›ncmbpclntX f ev]mbpx kta a[yax. 1 e·m[oi ip`mx {IamZv ˛ e·m[n]Xnbpw ip`∑mcpw {IaØn¬˛ tI{μmZnKmx ˛ tI{μw XpSßnbhbn¬ n∂m¬ _lp ka A¬]mbpjn tI{μmZnKmx ˛ Zo¿Lmbp v. (tI{μw) a≤ymbp v (]W]cw) A¬]mbp v (Bt]m¢naw)
  • 262. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 257 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2 ct{‘tim D{KJKmx kvXZm bZn KXm˛ AjvSam[n]Xnbpw ]m]{Klßfpw Aßns n∂m¬ hykvXw hnZ[ypx ^ew ˛ ^ew adn®mbncn°pw. AXmbXv˛˛ tI{μØn¬ n∂m¬ A¬]mbp v ]W]cØn¬ n∂m¬ a≤ymbp v. Bt]m¢naØn¬ n∂m¬ Zo¿Lmbp v 3 Pt∑i AjvSamYtbm ˛ N{μe·m[n]pw AXns‚ AjvSam[n]pw XΩnepw DZb] Ont{Zitbmx ssa{XntXm ˛ DZbe·m[n]pw AXns‚ AjvSam[n]pw XΩnepw `mkzXv e·]tbm ˛ chnbpw e·m[n]pw XΩnepw ssa{XnX .. Nncmbp ˛ kplrØp°fmbncp∂m¬ Zo¿Lmbp pw ssa{XnX .. clntX ˛ i{Xp°fmbncp∂m¬ A¬∏mbp pw ssa{XnX .. kta ˛ ka∑mcmbncp∂m¬ a≤ymbp pw ^ew. (16) e·m[nt]m e·hmwimbtIm Pt∑iztcm P∑hmwimbIm kzkzmjvStaimZyXn tNZv _emzntXm Zo¿Lmbpjkyp¿hn]coXayYm.. e·m[nt]m ˛ e·m[n]≥ e·hmwimbtIm ˛ e·hmwim[n]≥ Pt∑iztcm ˛ N{μe·m[n]≥ P∑hmwimbtIm ˛ N{μhmwim[n]≥ kz kz AjvStaimXv bZn tNXv _emzntXm ˛ Ch¿°v AhchcpsS AjvSam[n]t°mƒ _eaps≠¶n¬ Zo¿Lmbpjkypx ˛ Zo¿Lmbp mbncn°pw. hn]coXayYm. ˛ _eans√¶n¬ ^ew hn]coXw (A¬∏mbp v). (17) et·izcmZXn_eo n[tiztcm f ku tI{ÿntXm n[cnx^KssX› ]mss]x Xkymbpc¬]aYhm bZn a[yambp˛ cp’mlk¶ShimXv ]cambtcXn. et·izcmZXn_eo n[tiztcmku ˛ e·m[n]t°mƒ _eap≈ AjvSam[n]≥ tI{ÿntXm ˛ tI{μØn¬ n¬°pIbpw
  • 263. ^eZo]nI 258 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly n[cnx^KssX› ]mss]x ˛ e·Øns‚ F´nepw ]{¥≠nepw ]m]nIƒ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ Xky Bbp A¬]w ˛ Ahv A¬]mbp mbncn°pw. AYhm bZn a[yambp ˛ Cn AYhm a≤ymbp msW¶nepw D’ml k¶S himXv ]cambptcXn. ˛ D’mlw, k¶Sw F∂nhsIm≠√msX Zo¿Lmbp p≠mIp∂X√. ]e `mjIƒ {]NmcØneps≠¶nepw --thZn°p∂ a ns‚ s]m≈p∂ `mjtb CuizcnseØq. s]m≈p∂ Cu `mj kwPmXamImp≈ GIam¿§w s©pcp°p∂ ZpcnXmp`hamWv. thZbptSXpam{Xamb Cu Ap`hw `‡nt°m ⁄mØntm ImcWamImw. √ `‡t √ ⁄mnbmIm≥ Ignbp. c≠pw AhbpsS ]mcayXbn¬ - -Xncn®dnbnseØn°pIbpw sNøpw. D’mlw ]cn{iaamWv; k¶Sw thZmp`hhpw. at{¥izc≥ tPymXnj]finX≥ am{Xambncp∂n√, XnI™ Hcp XXz⁄mn IqSnbmbncp∂psh∂Xnp thsd sXfnhpIƒ Bhiyan√. (18) tcm f ¬]mbp¿tbmtK {]Ya`KtW iyXn it¿˛ ZznXotb a≤ymbpcyZn `hXn Zo¿Lmbpjn kXn XrXotb ncymWw kv^pSPinKp¿h¿I lnaKq≥ Zimw `q‡nw IjvSma]n hZXp n›nXy kpaXnx. cx A¬]mbp¿tbmtK ˛ A¬--]mbp¿tbmKØn¬ -- Pn®m¬ -- itx {]Ya`KtW iyXn ˛ inbpsS BZy`KWØn¬ -- acn°pw. ZznXotb a≤ymbp blnZn`hXn ˛ a≤mbp msW¶n¬ c≠masØ `KWØnepw Zo¿Lmbpjn XrXotb ncymWw ˛ Zo¿Lmbp msW¶n¬ aq∂masØ `KWØnepw acn°pw. kv^pSP in Kpcp A¿° lnaKq≥ ˛ kv^pSam°nb in, hymgw, chn, N{μ≥ ChcpsS ZiIƒ IrXyam°n Zimw `q‡nw IjvSma]n hZXn n›nXy kpaXnx. ˛ IjvSamb Zitbbpw `p‡ntbbpw Adn™n´p thWw ssZh⁄≥ C{]Imcw Bbp¿n¿Æbw SØm≥. `KWw ChnsS -- cminN{IØneqsSbp≈ {Klk©mcamWv. inbpsS `KWw GItZiw ap∏Xp h¿jw hcpw. PkabØp n∂nSØpXs∂ in BZyambn Xncns®Øp∂XmWv BZy`KWw. F∂m¬ DØtc¥y≥ hymJym߃ {]Imcw in, hymgw, chn, N{μ≥ ChcpsS {Klkv^pS߃ Iq´n°n´p∂ cminbmWv `KWw.
  • 264. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 259 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (19) k]mt]m et·tim chnlXcpNn¿oNcn]ptKm bZm ZpkvYmtjp ÿnXnap]KtXm tKmNchimXv Xu hm XtZymtKm bZn n[amlpkvX`rXmw hmwimt{Z°mWm—nincIce·mZ]n htZXv. k]mt]m ˛ ]m]tbmKw chnlXcpNn oN cn]ptKm ˛ auVyw, oNÿnXn, i{Xpt£{XÿnXn XpSßnb _e£bßfp≈ et·tim ˛ e·m[n]Xn bZm D]KtXm tKmNchimXv ˛ tKmNcØn¬ ZpkvYmtjp ÿnXnw .. ˛ Zpÿmw (6˛8˛12), e·w, e·hmwiw, e·t{Z°mWw, N{μe·w Chbn¬ -- k©cn°ptºmƒ n[amlp ˛ acWw kw`hn°pw (20) iio XZmcqV{Klm[n]› e·m[nmY› bZm {Xtbm f ao KpWm[nImx kZv{KlZrjvSnbp‡m KpWm[nIw Xw IYb¥n Imew. iio XZmcqV{Klm[n]› e·m[nmY› bZm {Xtbmao ˛ (PmXIØn¬) N{μ≥, N{μe·m[n]≥, e·m[n]≥ F∂o ap∂p {Kl߃°pw KpWm[nImx ˛ (ÿnXnbn¬) KpWm[nIyhpw (_ehpw) kZv{KlZrjvSnbp‡ ˛ kZv{KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbpw Ds≠¶n¬ KpWm[nIw Xw Ieb¥n Imew. ˛ AXv (B Ip´nbpsS Bbp npw) KpWIcamIp∂p. (21) e·m[nt]m f Xn_ehmipss`cZrjvSx tI{μÿnXx ip`JssKchtemIyamx arXypw hnlmb hnZ[mXn kpZo¿Lambpx km¿≤w KpssW¿_lp`ncq¿PPnXcmPe£vaym Aipss` AZrjvS ˛ ]m]ZrjvSn C√msX tI{μÿnX ˛ tI{μÿnXntbmsS ip`JssK AhtemIyammx ˛ ip`ZrjvSntbmsS n¬ --°p∂ e·m[n] AXn_ehm≥ ˛ _ehmmb e·m[n]≥ 339
  • 265. ^eZo]nI 260 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly arXypw hnlmb ˛ (AIme) acWsØ AI‰n KpssW_lp`n ˛ hfsc KpWmp`hßtfmsS Du¿PPnX cmPe£vaym. ˛ sFiycytØmsS hnZ[mXn k Zo¿Lambpx ˛ Zo¿Lmbp p ¬-Ip∂p. (22) k¿hmXnimøXn_ex kv^pcZwipPmtem et· ÿnXx {]iatbXv kpccmPa{¥o GtIm _lqn ZpcnXmn kpZpkvXcmWn `‡ym {]bp‡ Ch N{I[tc {]Wmax. k¿hmXnimbn kpccmPa{¥o ˛ k¿hmXnimbnbmb tZhKpcp AXn_ex ˛ _ehmmbn kv^pZwipPmtem ˛ sXfn™ civanItfmsS et· ÿnXx ˛ e·Øn¬ n∂m¬ `‡ym {]bp‡ Ch N{I[c {]Wma ˛ N{I[cmb almhnjvWphns{]Wan°p∂Xv F{]Imcw ^e{]ZamtWm, A{]Imcw GtIm _lqn ZpcnXmn -kpZpkvXcmWn ˛ H‰bmtbm Iq´amtbm hcp∂ Zp¿LSßfmb ZpcnXßsfsb√mw {]iatbXv ˛ ian∏n°p∂p. (23) aq¿tØkv{XntImWmKaI≠tIjp choμpPoh¿£hmwikwÿx kpI¿ΩIr∂nXyatijtZmjm≥ apjvWmXn h¿≤njvWpcpjvWcivanx. ApjvWcivanx aq¿tØ ˛ N{μ≥ e·m¬ {XntImWm BKa I≠tIjp ˛ {XntImWßfntem (5, 9) ]Xnsm∂ntem (11), tI{μßfntem (1, 4, 7, 10), cho Cμpp Poh¿£ hmwikwÿx ˛ chn, N{μ≥, Kpcp ChcpsS cminIƒ (Nnßw, I¿°SIw, [p, aow) hmwiamtbm n∂m¬ apjvWmXn h¿[njvWp ˛ tZmjßsf C√mXm°n k¬^eßsf h¿≤n∏n°pw. (24) tI{μ{XntImWn[tjp bky ]m]m eKvm[n]x kpcKpcp› NXpjvSbÿu `p‡zm kpJmn hnhn[mn kp]pWyI¿am Poth® h’ciXw k hnap‡tcmKx.
  • 266. A≤ymbw 13 (Bbp¿n¿Æbw) 261 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly tI{μ {XntImW n[tjp bky ]m]m ˛ BcpsS PmXIØnemtWm --tI{μßfnepw {XntImWßfnepw AjvSaØnepw ]m]∑m¿ C√mØXv; e·m[n]x kpcKpcp› NXpjvSbÿu ˛ (BcpsS PmXIØnemtWm) e·m[n]pw hymghpw tI{μØn¬ n¬°p∂Xv; kp]pWyI¿am ˛ (CXp c≠pap≈) ]pWyhmmb Ah≥ `p‡zm kpJmn hnhn[mn ˛ hfsc kpJßsf Ap`hn®v hnap‡tcmK ˛ BtcmKyhmmbn PothXv h’ciXw ˛ qdp h¿jw Pohn®ncn°pw. (25) {io]XypZocnXZim`ncYmjvSh¿§m˛ ZyXv ImeN{IZitbmUpZim{]ImcmXv kayIv kv^pSm`nlXtbm {Inbbm f ]vXhmIym˛ cmbp¿_pt[m hZXp `qcn]co£bm N. {io]Xn DZocnX Zim`nx ˛ {io]Xnbm¬ ]dbs∏´n´p≈ ZiIƒ AjvSh¿§mXv ˛ AjvSh¿§Zi ImeN{IZi ˛ ImeN{IZi DUpZim {]ImcmXv ˛ £{XZi XpSßnb Zimk{ºZmb߃ kayIv kv^pSm`nlXtbm {Inbbm ˛ kv^pS{Inb (Bbp¿§WnXw) B]vXhmIymXv ˛ (Cu hnjbØnep≈) B]vXhmIy߃ XpSßnbhsb√mw ]cnKWn®pw `qcn]co£bm ˛ hfsc {i≤n®pw Bbpx _pt[m hZXp ˛ _p[∑m¿ Bbp p ]dbWw.
  • 267. ^eZo]nI 262 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 14 tcmKw, acWw, Ign™ P∑w, ASpØ P∑w (1) tcmKky Nn¥ma]n tcmK`mh˛ ÿnssX¿{Kssl¿hm hybarXypkwssÿx tcmtKizcmWma]n XZznssX¿hm Zzn{XymZn kwhmZhimZv hZ¥p. 1. tcmK`mhÿnssXx {Ksslx ˛ Bdn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw hybarXypkwssÿx ˛ ]{¥≠,v F´v `mhßfn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl߃ tcmtKizcmWma]n ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]≥ XZznssX¿hm ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]tmSpIqSn n¬°p∂ {Kl߃ tcmKky Nn¥ma]n ˛ (Chscs°m≠p thWw) tcmKNn¥ sNøm≥. 2 Zzn{XymZn kwhmZhimZv hZ¥p. ˛ CXn¬Øs∂ ct≠m aqt∂m AXn¬- °qSpXtem, tcmKkm≤yX kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klßfps≠¶n¬ B {IaØnepw -- tcmKNn¥ sNøWw. A≤ymbw 1, t«mIw 13 {]Imcw tcmKÿmw Bdmw`mhamWv. AXpkcn®v, Bdmw`mhm[n]≥, Bdmw`mhm[n]s‚IpsS n¬--°p∂ {Kl߃, 6˛8˛12 Ifn¬ -- n¬ --°p∂ {Kl߃ F∂nh tcmKImcWamImw. Htcm {Klhpw AhbpsS [¿Ωapkcn ®p≈ tcmKsØbmWv kqNn∏n°pI. (2) ]ntØmjvWPzcXm]tZlX]m(1) ]kvamclrXvt{ImUP hym[ovz‡n chn¿ZrKm¿Xycn`bw XzKvtZmjaÿn{kpXnw ImjvTm·ykv{Xhnjm¿Øn ZmcXbhym]®Xpjv]mZv`bw tNmc£vam]Xn[¿atZh^W`rZv`qtXi`qXw (2) `bw. ]mTt`Zw: (1) tZl]Xw (2) `qXmZv `bw 1. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw kqcy≥ BsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. ]ntØmjvWPzcXm]tZlX]m(1) ]kvamclrXvt{ImUPhym[ov≥.... ]nØw
  • 268. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 263 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly DjvWw Pzcw ˛ ]n Xm]w ˛ DjvWw tZlX]w - ˛ Np´po‰w (tZl]Xw ˛ icocw hogvN ˛ kμ¿`Ønp tbmPn°p∂n√.) A]kvamcw lrXvt{ImUPhym[n ˛ lrt{ZmKw, s©ptcmKw (t{ImUw˛s©v) 2. ZrKm¿Xycn`bw XzKvtZmjaÿn{kpXnw... ZrKm¿Øn ˛ t{XtcmKw - Acn`bw ˛ i{Xpieyw XzKvtZmjw ˛ XzIv tcmKw Aÿn{kpXnw ˛ Aÿn{{khWw ˛ Aÿn{kmhw 3. ImjvTm·ykv{Xhnjm¿Øn ZmcXbhym]®Xpjv]mZv `bw ImjvT A·n Akv{X hnj B¿Øn...˛ acs°mºv, A·n, Akv{Xw (Bbp[w), hnjw Zmc Xb hym]Xv NXpjv]mZv`bw ˛ -`mcy, a°ƒ, m¬°menIƒ 4. tNmc£vam]Xn[¿atZh^W`rZv`qtXi`qXw `bw. tNmc £vam]Xn [¿atZh ^W`rZv `qtXi`qXw... ˛ I≈∑m¿, cmPmhv, [¿Ω-ssZhw, mK-tZ-h-X, inh≥ / inh-`q-X-߃ apXembhcpsS im]w / tIm]waqew tcmKw / ZpcnXw/ `bw Ap`hn°pw. (3) n{ZmekyI^mXnkmc]nSImx ioXPzcw N{μamx {irwKy_vPmlXna·namμyacpNnw(1) tbmjnZvhyYmw Imanemw tNXx {im¥nakrKznImcapZIm¤oXn© _me{KlmZv Zp¿KmIn∂c[¿atZh^W`rZy£ym® `oXnw (2) htZXv. ]mTt`Zw: (1) IriXm. (2) ]oUmw 2. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw N{μmsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. n{ZmekyI^mXnkmc]nSImx ioXPzcw N{μamx n{Z ˛ Dd°kw_‘-amb tcmK߃ Bekyw I^w AXnkmcw -˛ hb-dn-f°w ]nSI ˛ ]cp, Ipcp ioXPzcw ˛ Hcp Xcw ]n 2. {irwKy_vPmlXna·namμyacpNnw(1 ) tbmjnZvhyYmw Imanemw... irwKn A_vPmlXn ˛ sImºp≈ arKßfpw PeP¥p°fpw aqew A·namμyw ˛ Zl°pdhv
  • 269. ^eZo]nI 264 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly AcpNn ˛ cpNnbn√mbva tbmjnZv hyYmw ˛ kv{Xo kw_-‘-amb ZpJ-߃ Imane ˛ a™-∏nØw 3. tNXx {im¥nakrKznImcapZIm¤oXn© _me{KlmZv tNXx {im¥n ˛ a np / _p≤n°p amμyw AkrIv hnImc ˛ c‡-ZqjywsIm-≠p≈ tcmK-߃ DZ-ImXv `oXn ˛ Pe`bw -- - _me{KlmXv ˛ _me{Klw aqew 4. Zp¿Km In∂c [¿atZh ^W`rXv b£ymXv .... ˛ Zp¿§, In∂c≥, [¿ΩssZhw, mKtZhX, b£≥. apXembhcpsS im]w / tIm]w aqew tcmKw / ZpcnXw/ `bw Ap`hn°pw. (4) XrjvWmkrt°m]]nØPzcaehnjm˛ kv{Xm¿Xn IpjvTm£ntcmKm≥ Kpevam]kvamca÷mhnlXn]cpjXm˛ ]manIm tZl`wKm≥ `q]mcnkvtX]oUmwklPkpXkplr˛ ssZzcnbp≤w hn[sØ ct£mK‘¿htLmc{Kl`baho˛ kqp¿≤zmwKtcmKw. 3. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw IpPmsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. XrjvWmkrt°m]]nØPzc.... XrjvWm ˛ AXnZmlw AkrIv tIm]w ˛ c‡tZmjw ]nØPzcw ˛ ]nØ-kw-_-‘-amb ]n Ae hnj Akv{X B¿Øn ˛ A·n, hnjw, Akv{Xw IpjvT A£ntcmKm≥ ˛ IpjvTw, t{XtcmKw, 2. Kpevam]kvamca÷mhnlXn]cpjXm˛ Kpevaw ˛ Kp∑≥ (DZctcmKw) A]kvamcw, a÷mhnlXn ˛ a÷mmiw ]cpjXm ˛ am¿±-h-an-√mbva ]manIm ˛ sNmdn, Nncßv tZl`wKw ˛ AwK-`wKw 3. `q]mcnkvtX]oUmw... `q]≥ ˛ cmPmhv,
  • 270. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 265 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Acn ˛ i{Xp, kvtX ˛ Xkv°c≥ klP kpX kplrXv sshcnbp≤w˛ ktlmZc≥, a°ƒ, kplrØp°ƒ (_‘p°ƒ) 4. ct£m K‘¿h tLmc{Kl.... ˛ c£ v, K‘¿Δ≥, tLmc{Klw Du¿≤zmwKtcmKw. ˛ intcmtcmK߃ apXembhcpsS im]w / tIm]w aqew tcmKw / ZpcnXw/ `bw Ap`hn°pw. (5) {`m¥nw Zp¿hNw ZrKmabKf{LmtWm∞tcmKw Pzcw ]nØt«jvakaocPw hnja]n XzKvtZmj]mfizmabm≥ Zpxkv]vw N hnN¿NnIm·n]Xt(1) ]mcpjy_‘{iam≥ K‘¿h£nXnl¿ayhmln`n-c]n (2) t⁄m h‡n ]oUmw {Ksslx. ]mTt`Zw: (1) hnN¿®nImw n]Xw (2) K‘¿h£nXnl¿ayhmkn`n-c`nt⁄m 4. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw _p[msW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. {`m¥nw Zp¿hNw ZrKmabKf{LmtWm∞tcmKw {`m¥nw ˛ am-kn-I-hn-{`m¥n Zp¿hNw ˛ Zp¿`mjWw ZrKmabw ˛ t{X-tcmKw Kf{LmtWm∞ tcmKw ˛ IgpØnpw aq°npw tcmKw, Pzcw ˛ ]n, 2. ]nØt«jvakaocPw hnja]n XzKvtZmj]mfizmabm≥ ]nØt«jvakaocPw = ]nØ˛I^˛hmX ({XntZmj) tcmK߃ hnjw, XzKvtZmjw ˛ Xzt{KmKw, ]mfizmabw ˛ ]m≠ptcmKw -3. Zpxkv]vw N hnN¿NnIm·n]Xt ]mcpjy_‘{iam≥ Zpxkz]vw hnN¿NnIm ˛ sNmdn, Nncßv, A·n]Xw ˛ A·n_m[, s]m≈¬ ]mcpjyw _‘w {iaw ˛ A≤zmw, 4. K‘¿h£nXnl¿ayhmkabp`nx t⁄m h‡n ]oUmw {Ksslx. CXp icn°p a- n-em-bn-√. hymJym--ßfnepw hyXym-k-ap-≠v.
  • 271. ^eZo]nI 266 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1. `qan-bnepw amfn-I-I-fnepw hkn-°p∂ {Kl-ß-fpsS ]oU ˛˛ sIm√w]Xn∏v. 2. `qan-bn-ep≈ l¿ay-ß-fn¬ ([-n-I-cpsS henb amfn-I-I-fn¬) ]m¿°p∂ In∂-cK-l-߃ _m[n-°pI ˛ sImSpß√q¿]Xn∏v. (6) Kp∑m{¥PzctimItamlI^Pt{im{Xm¿Xn talmabm≥ tZhÿmn[n{]]oUalotZthiimt]mXv`hw tcmKw In∂cb£tZh^W`rZznZym[cmZyp¤hw Pohx kqNbXn kzbw _p[KpcpXvIrjvSm (1) ]Nmtcm¤hw. (1) ]mTt`Zw: _p[Kpcp IrjvWm]Nm-tcm-¤hw 5. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw KpcphmsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. Kp∑m{¥PzctimItamlI^Pt{im{Xm¿Xn talmabm≥ Kp∑w ˛ Kp¬aw - ˛ πol hepXmI¬ -- B{¥w ˛ B{¥tcmKw, B{¥hmbp, B{¥ho°w Pzcw, timIw, tamlw - ˛ tamlm-e-kyw (t_m-[-£-bw) I^P ˛ I^Py tcmK߃, t{im{Xm¿Øn ˛ sNhn / tIƒhnkw_‘amb tcmK߃, talmabm≥ ˛ {]talw 2. tZhÿmn[n{]]oUalotZthiimt]mXv`hw... ˛tZhkz kw_-‘-amb {_m“Wim]w-aqew 3. In∂c b£ tZh ^W`rXv hnZym[cmZn...˛ In∂c≥, b£≥, tZh≥, k¿∏w, hnZym[c∑m¿ 4. _p[KpcpXvIrjvSm]Nmc.. ˛ ⁄mn-Iƒ, KpcpmY-∑m¿, DXvIr-jvS-cm-b-h¿ ({]m-b-°q-Sp-X-ep-≈-h¿) apXembhcpsS im]w / tIm]w aqew tcmKw / ZpcnXw/ `bw Ap`hn°pw. ..IrjvWm]Nm-tcm-¤hw F∂ ]mTØns‚ hymJymw: _p[≥ An-jvS-ÿm--ÿn-X-m-bmepw hymgw An-jvS-ÿ-m-bmepw IrjvWs BN- cn-°m-Ø-Xn-mtem hn]-co-X-ambn BN-cn-®-Xn-mtem D≈ tZmjw tcmK-I-c-W-am-Ip- ∂p-sh∂p ]d-b-Ww. (7) ]mfip t«jvaacpXv{]tIm] bhym]Xv {]talmabm≥ Kplymkymab aq{XIr{O aZhym]Øn ip¢{kpXnw hmckv{XoIrX (1) tZlIm¥nhnlXw timjmabw (2) tbmKno˛ b£oamXrKWmZv`bw {]nbkplr¤wKw knXx kqNtbXv ]mTt`Zw: (1) hmkkv{XoIrjn (2) tim^mabw
  • 272. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 267 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 6. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw ip{ImsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. ]mfip t«jvaacpXv{]tIm] bhym]Xv {]talmabm≥ ]mfip ˛ ]m≠ptcmKw, hnf¿® t«jva acpXv {]tIm]w ˛ I^ hmX tZmj߃ b hym]Xv ˛ t{XtcmKw {]talmabm≥ ˛ {]talw 2. Kplymkymabaq{XIr{OaZhym]Ønip¢{kpXnw Kply Bky Bab ˛ KplytcmKßfpw apJ-tcm-K-ßfpw aq{XIr{Ow ˛ aq{X-X-S w aZhym]Øn ˛ ssewKn-I- {]iv-߃ ip¢{kpXnw ˛ ip¢{kmhw 3. hmckv{XoIrXtZlIm¥nhnlXw timjmabw hmckv{XoIrXtZlIm¥n hnlXw ˛ thiymkwk¿§w-aqew tZlIm¥n jvSs∏SpI timjmabw -˛ saen®n¬, £b-tcmKw --4. tbmKno b£o amXrKWmZ`bw ˛ tbmKnn, b£n, amXrKW߃ {]nb kplr¤wKw ˛ {]nbkplrØns‚ jvSw, acWw apXembh aqew tcmKw / ZpcnXw/ `bw Ap`hn°pw. ]mTt`Z߃: (1) hmkkv{XoIrjn ˛ hkv{X-߃ Iodntbm at‰m in-°p-Itbm ImWm-Xm-hp-Itbm sNbvI, `mcym-m-iw, Irj-njvSw (2) tim^mabw -˛ icocw ocph∂p ho¿°pI ˛˛ {Klhpw kμ¿`-hpambn Ch c≠pw HØp-t]m-Ip-∂n-√. (8) hmXt«jvahnImc ]mZhnlXn hym]Øn X{μo {iam≥ {`m¥nw Ip£ncpK¥cpjvW `qXI≤zwkw N ]izmlXnw `mcym]p{Xhn]ØnawKhnlXnw lrØm]a¿ImfltPm hr£miva£Xnaml IivaeKssWx ]oUmw ]nimNmZn`nx. 7. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw inbmsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. hmXt«jvahnImc]mZhnlXnhym]ØnX{μo{iam≥ hmX ˛ t«jva hnImc ˛ hmXI^tcmK߃ ]mZhnlXn ˛ ]mZjvSw (]wKp Hm¿°p-I) hym]Øn ˛ B]-Øp-Iƒ, A]-I-S-߃ X{μo {iam≥ ˛ Bekyw, A≤zmw
  • 273. ^eZo]nI 268 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly {`m¥nw Ip£ncpK¥cpjvW `qXI≤zwkw N ]izmlXnw {`m¥nw ˛ hn{`m-¥n, {`m¥v, Ip£ncpIv ˛ hb-dp-th-Z A¥cpjvW ˛ Dƒ®qSv `qXI≤zwkw -˛ `r-Xy-miw ]izmlXnw ˛ ]ipmiw `mcym]p{Xhn]ØnawKhnlXnw lrØm].. `mcym ]p{X hn]Øn ˛ `mcybv°pw a°ƒ°pw B]Øv AwKhnlXnw ˛ AwK`wKw lrØm] ˛ atmthZ hr£miva£Xnaml hr£ Aiva £Xnw ˛ acw / I√psIm≠p apdnhv IivaeKssWx ]oUmw ]nimNmZn`nx.˛ ZpjvSi‡nIfptSbpw ]nim-Np-°-fp-tSbpw ]oU, D]-{Zhw (9) kz¿`mp lrZnXm] (1) IpjvThnjahym[o≥ hnjw Ir{Xnaw ]mZm¿Ønw N ]nimN]∂K`bw `mcymXqPm]Zw {_“£{X (2) hntcm[i{XpP`bw tIXpkvXp kwkqNtbXv t{]tXm∞© `bw hnjw N KpfntIm tZlm¿Øn (1) amiuNPw. ]mTt`Zw: (1) XpXm] (2) {_“-t£{X (3) k¿∏m¿Øn 8. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw cmlphmsW¶n¬:--˛˛ 1. lrZnXm]IpjvThnjahym[o≥ hnjw Ir{Xnaw lrZnXm]w ˛ atm-Zp-Jw, D≈n¬ Xo IpjvTw hnjahym[o≥ ˛ hn-ja (H∂p as‰m-∂np hncp≤amb) tcmK߃, hnjw Ir{Xnaw ˛ kzm`m-hn-I-a-√mØ hnjw 2. ]mZm¿Ønw N ]nimN]∂K`bw `mcymXqPm]Zw ]mZm¿Ønw ˛ ]mZtcmKw, ]nimN]∂K`bw ˛ ]nimNp`bw, k¿∏`bw, `mcymXqPm]Zw ˛ `mcybv°pw a°ƒ°pw B]Øv
  • 274. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 269 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 9. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw tIXphmsW¶n¬:--˛ {_“£{Xhntcm[i{XpP`bw... {_“£{Xhntcm[w ˛ {_m“Wcpw £{Xnbcpambp≈ hntcm[w, i{XpP`bw ˛ i{Xp°fn¬n∂p-ap≈ `bw 10. tcmKw / ZpcnXw kqNn∏n°p∂ {Klw KpfnImsW¶n¬:--˛ t{]tXm∞© `bw hnjw N tZlm¿ØnamiuNPw t{]tXm∞w ˛ t{]X_m[ hnjw ˛ hnj`bw, tZlm¿Øn ˛ tcmK-߃ BiuNPw ˛ ]pe / hmembva (th-≠-s∏-´-h-cmtcm acn-°p-sa∂pw kqN-.) (10) aμmcmznXho£ntX hyb[t N{μmcpWu Nm£ncpIv˛ iucymbmwKnctkm bamcklnXm ZrjvSm bZn t{im{XcpIv tkmt{K ]©at` `thZpZccp˛ {K{‘mcn mYmzntX XZz’]vXass[t kKpZcpIv ipt{I f Y Kplymabw. 1 aμ Bc AznX ho£ntX - ˛ in, IpP≥ ChcpsS tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm D≈ hyb [t ˛ ]{¥≠ntem c≠ntem n¬°p∂ N{μ AcpWu ˛ N{μkqcy∑m¿ A£ncpIv ˛ t{XtcmKw (kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂p). 2 iucyw Bbw ˛ aq∂,v ]Xnsm∂v `mhßfn¬ n¬°p∂ BwKnck ˛ hymgØnv ba Bc klnXm ZrjvSm ˛ inIpP∑mcpsS tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm D≠m-bm¬ t{im{XcpIv ˛ I¿ÆtcmKw 3 tkmt{K ]©at` `thXv DZccpIv ˛ A©mw `mhØn¬ ]m]{Kl߃ n∂m¬ DZctcmKap≠mIpw.
  • 275. ^eZo]nI 270 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 4 c{‘ Acn mYmzntX ˛ F´mw`mhm[n]pw Bdmw`mhm[n]pw k]vXa ss[t ˛ ({I-a-Øn¬) Ggnepw F´nepw n∂m¬ KpZcpIv ˛ KpZtcmKw 6 k]vXa ss[t ipt{IY ˛ ip{I≥ C{]-Imcw Ggntem F´ntem n∂m¬ Kplymabw ˛ Kply-tcm-Kw. (11) jjvtT f ¿t° f ]yYhmjvSta Pzc`bw `uta N tItXm {hWw ipt{I KplycpPw £bw kpcKpcu atμ N hmXmabw cmlu `ua(1) nco£ntX N ]nSImw tkμu iu KpevaPw £otWμu Pet`jp ]m]klntX X’vtY f w_ptcmKw £bw. (1) ]mTt`Zw: aμnco£ntX jjvtT AYhm AjvSta ˛ Bdntem F´ntem 1 A¿t° Pzc`bw ˛ kqcy≥ n∂m¬ Pzc`bw. 2 `uta N tItXm {hWw ˛ IpPtm tIXpthm n∂m¬ {hWw 3 ipt{I KplycpPw ˛ ip{I≥ n∂m¬ KplytcmKw 4 £bw kpcKpcu ˛ hymgw n∂m¬ £bw 5 atμ hmXmabw ˛ in n∂m¬ hmXtcmKw 6 cmlu `uanco£ntX ]nSImw ˛ IpPZrjvSntbmsS cmlp n∂m¬ Ipcp°ƒ 7 kCμu iu KpevaPw ˛ N{μtmSpIqsS in n∂m¬ Kpevaw 8 £otWμu Pet`jp ]m]klntX˛ £oWN{μ≥ ]m]tcmSpIqsS PecminIfn¬ n∂m¬ Aw_ptcmKw £bw ˛ PetZmjw, £bw. (12) PmtXm K—Xn tb tI acWw ht£y f Y XXvImcWw c{‘ssÿkvXZth£ssI¿_ehXm Xtkym‡tcmssK¿arXnx c{‘¿t£m‡cpPmYhm arXn]Xn˛ {]m]vX¿£tZmtjW hm ct{‘ti Jc{Xn`mK]Xnm arXypw htZ∂n›nXw.
  • 276. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 271 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1 c{‘ssÿx ˛ F´n¬ -- n¬°p∂ {Klw XXv Ath£ssI ˛ F´ntebv°p tm°p--∂ {Klw _ehXm ˛ Chbn¬ tZmj_ew IqSpXep≈ {KltatXm Xky D‡ ˛ AXnp ]d-™n-´p≈ tcmssK arXn ˛ tcmKw acWImcWamIpw. 2 c{‘¿£ D‡ cpP ˛ F´np ]d™ tcmKw AYhm ˛ As√-¶n¬ arXn]Xn {]m]vX¿£ ˛ F´mw`mhm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cmin°p (cm-iym-[n-]-p) tZmtjW hm ˛ ]d™ tcmKw sIm≠v (a-c-Ww) 3 ct{‘ti ˛ F´mw `mhm[n]p ]d™ tcmKwsImt≠m Jc{Xn`mK]Xnm ˛ Ccp]Ønc≠mw t{Z°mWm[n]p ]d™ tcmKwsImt≠m arXypw htZXv n›nXw ˛ acWw n›n-X-am-sW∂p ]d-bWw (13) {KtlW bpt‡ (1) n[t XZp‡˛ tcmssK¿arXn¿hmY XZo£Iky (2) {Kssl¿hnapt‡ n[t f Y (3) Xky cmtix kz`mthmZnXtZmjPmXm. ]mTt`Zw: (1) ZrjvtS (2) XZm{inXky (3) n[tizcky 1 n[t ˛ F´mw `mhØn¬ - {KtlW bpt‡m ˛ {Klw n¬°p∂ps≠¶n¬ XZp‡tcmssKx arXnx ˛ B {Klw kqNn∏n°p∂ tcmKwsIm≠p acWw (kw`hn°mw.) (F´n¬ {Kl-ß-fn-s√-¶n¬) 2 XXv Cu£Iky ˛ F´ntebv°p tm°p∂ {KlØns‚ (tcmKhpw acWImcWamImw.) (Cn Cu ]d-™ -hn-[-Øn-ep≈) 3 {Ksslx hnapss‡x n[t ˛ {Kl-km-∂n-≤y-sam-∂p-an-s√-¶n¬ Xky cmtix kz`mthmZnXtZmjPmXw.˛ B cmin°v (F-´mw-`m-h-amb cmin-°v) ]d™n´p≈ tZmj-߃sIm≠p (acWw kw`-hn°mw.)
  • 277. ^eZo]nI 272 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (14) A·ypjvWPzc]nØikv{XPan›t{μm hnjqNyw_pcp˛ Ky£vamZn £nXntPm f krPm N Zl £p{Zm`nNmcmbpss[x ]mfizmZn {`aPw _pt[m Kpcpcmbmtk arXypw I^mXv kv{XokwtKm∞cpPw IhnkvXp acpXm hm k∂n]mssXx inx. (15) IpjvtT hm Ir{Xna`£WmZzm cmlp¿hnjmZzmY akqcnImssZyx Ipcym—nJo Zp¿acWw cmWmw cnt]m¿hntcm[mZ]n IoSImssZyx acWw kqNn-∏n-°p∂ {Klhpw ImcWamtb°mhp∂ tcmKhpw 1 Ctm A·n DjvWPzc ]nØ ikv{XPw ˛ kqcy≥ : A·n, DjvWPzcw, ]nØw, Bbp[w 2 Nt{μm hnjqNyw_pcpIv b£vamZn ˛ N{μ≥ : hnjqNnI (tImfd), o¿t±mjw, £bw 3 £nXntPm AkrPm N Zl £p{Zm`nNmcmbpss[x ˛ IP≥ c‡tZmjw, A·n-_m[ / DjvWtcmKw, B`nNmcw, Bbp[w 4 ]mfizmZn {`aPw _pt[m ˛ _p[≥ : ]mfiptcmKw, NnØ{`aw 5 Kpcp Ambmtk arXypw, I^mXv ˛ Kpcp : acWw {]bm-k-an-√msX, I^tZmjw v v 6 kv{XokwtKm∞cpPw IhnkvXp ˛ ip{I≥ : ssewKnI-_‘w aqeap≠mb tcmKw 7 acpXm hm k∂n]mssXx inx. ˛ in : hmXtcmKw, k∂n]mXPzcw 8 IpjvtT hm Ir{Xna `£WmZzmcmlp hnjmZzmY akqcnImssZyx ˛ cmlp : IpjvTw, Ir{Xna`£Ww, hnjw, hkqcn.
  • 278. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 273 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 9 IpcymXv inJo Zp¿acWw cmWmw cnt]m¿hntcm[mZ]n IoSImssZyx ˛ tIXp i{Xp°ƒ, IoS߃ aqeap≠mIp∂ Zp¿ΩcWw (16) e·mZjvSacmti kz`mhtZmtjmZv`hw htZ∑rXypw hnZymXv n[tiky hmwiÿnXcmin nanØtZmjPnXw hm. 1 e·mXv AjvSacmti kz`mhtZmtjmZv`hw arXnw - ˛ e·m¬ F´mw `mh-Øns‚ kz`mhtZmjapkcn®v acWw hcmw. 2 n[tiky hmwiÿnXcmin nanØtZmjPnXw hm ˛ As√¶n¬ F´mw `mhm[n]s‚ hmwicminbpsS tZmjwsIm≠pw BImw acWw. (17) ss]XyPztcmjvssW÷Tcm·nmtP hrtj {XntZmssj¿±lm® ikv{XmXv bpt‹ Xp ImkizktmjvWiqsse˛ cp∑mZhmXmcpNn`nx Ipfotc. (18) arKPzckvt^mSPi{XpPw lcu kv{Xnbmw kv{XnbmKplycpPm {]]mXmXv Xpem[tc [oPzck∂n]mXPw πolmfn]mfip{KlWocpPmfno. (19) hr£mw_pImjvTmbp[Pw lbmwtK artKXp iqemcpNn[o{`amssZyx Ipwt` Xp ImkPzcb£vatcmssK¿˛ Pte hn]Zzm PetcmKtXm f t¥y. acWImcWw cminsIm≠p Nn¥n°ptºmƒ 1 ss]Xy Pzc DjvssW PTcm·nm --AtP taSw ˛ ]nØtIm]w, ]n, DjvWm[nIyw, PTcm·ntZmjw
  • 279. ^eZo]nI 274 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2. hrtj {XntZmssjx Zlmx N ikv{XmXv CShw ˛ {XntZmjw, A·n, Bbp[w 3. bpt‹ Xp Imkizk DjvW iqsse anYpw ˛ Imkizmkw, DjvWtcmKw, iqe (DZm: DZ-c-iq-e ˛ hbdpthZ) 4. D∑mZ hmX AcpNn`nx Ipfotc. I¿°SIw ˛ NnØ{`aw, hmXw, AcpNn, 5. arK Pzc kvt^mSP i{XpPw lcu Nnßw ˛ arK`bw, Pzcw, Ipcp, i{Xp]oU 6. kv{Xnbmw kv{Xnbm KplycpPm {]]mXmXv I∂n ˛ kv{Xo, KplytcmKw, hogvN 7. Xpem[tc [o Pzc k∂n]mXPw Xpemw ˛ _p≤n{`aw, Pzcw, k∂n]mXw 8. πolmfn]mfip{KlWocpPmfno. hr›nIw ˛ πolmtcmKw, ]mfip, {KlWn 9. hr£ Aw_p ImjvT Bbp[Pw lbmwtK [p ˛ hr£w, Pew, hndIv , Bbp[w, 10 artKXp iqemcpNn[o{`amssZyx aIcw ˛ iqe, AcpNn, _p≤n{`aw 11. Ipwt` Xp ImkPzcb£vatcmssK¿˛ Ipw`w ˛ Imkw, Pzcw, cmPb£mhv (£bw), 12. Pte hn]Zzm PetcmKtXm f t¥y. aow ˛ Pew ImcWambp≈ hn]Ø,v o¿t±mj߃ (20) ]m]¿£bpt‡ n[t k]mt] ikv{Xmehym{L`pPwK]oUmw (1) AtymyZrjvSu Zzyip`u ktI{μu tIm]mXv {]t`m ikv{Xhnjm·nssP¿hm. ]mTt`Zw: `pPwKamssZy
  • 280. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 275 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1 ]m]¿£ bpt‡ n[t - - ˛ AjvS-a`mhw ]m]-{K-l-Øn-s‚ cmin-bm-hp-Ibpw (F´n¬ ]m]{Kl߃ n¬°pIbpw F∂pw ImWp-∂p) k]mt] ˛ AjvSam[n]Xn ]m]cpsS IqsS n¬°p-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ ikv{X Ae hym{L `pPwK ]oUmw ˛ Bbp[߃, A·n, ISph, k¿∏w ChbpsS ]oU aqehpw 2 Atymy ZrjvSu Zzb Aip`u ktI{μu˛ ˛ tI{μßfn¬ n¬°p∂ (c≠p) ]m]∑m¿ ]ckv]cw tm°pIbm sW¶n¬ -- tIm]mXv {]t`m ikv{Xhnjm·nssP¿hm ˛ {]`p(cm-P)tIm]w, Bbp[w, hnjw, A·n Chaqehpw (a-c-W-ap-≠m-Ipw.) (21) kuaymwitI kuayKrtl f Y kuay˛ kw_‘tK hm £bt` £tbti At¢iPmXw acWw cmWmw hykvtX XZm {IqcarXnw hZ¥n. £bt` £tbti ˛ ]{¥≠mw `mhØnv / ]{¥≠mw`mhm[n]Xn°v kuayKrtl ˛ ip`{Kl-Øns‚ cmin-bn¬ ÿnXntbm kuaymwitI ˛ ip`{Kl-Øns‚ cmin-bn¬ hmwitam kuaykw_‘tK hm ˛ ip`{Klhpambn _‘tam Ds≠-¶n¬ At¢iPmXw acWw cmWmw ˛ t¢ian√msX acn°pw. hykvtX XZm ˛ CXnp hn]-co-X-am-bm¬ {IqcarXnw hZ¥n ˛ Zbobamb acWw ]d-bp-∂p. (22) tkzmt® kzant{X kXn kuayh¿t§ hybm[nt] tNm¿≤zKXnw kkutay hn]cytb f t[mKXntah tINn˛ Zq¿≤zmky io¿tjmZbcmint`ZmXv. hybm[nt] ˛ ]{¥≠mw `mhm[n]v tkzmt® ˛ D®w, kzant{X ˛ an{Xt£{Xw,
  • 281. ^eZo]nI 276 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly kuayh¿t§ ˛ ip`h¿§w, kkutay ˛ ip`{KltbmKw XpS-ßnb _e-ß-fp-s≠-¶n¬ Du¿≤zKXnw ˛ Du¿≤zKXnbpw hn]cytb ˛ CXnp hn]coXambm¬ (ip`Ønp ]Icw ]m]ambm¬) At[mKXnw Gh ˛ At[mKXnbpambncn°pw. tINnXv Du¿≤zmky io¿tjmZbcmint`ZmXv. ˛ Nne¿ Du¿≤zapJ˛io¿tjmZbmZn cminIsfs°m≠pw (A.1, t«m.8) CXp Nn¥n°mdp≠v. Du¿≤z-KXn ˛ Db¿∂ P∑w / kz¿§w. At[mKXn - ˛ Xmgv∂ P∑w / cIw (23) ssIemkw chnioXKp `rKpkpX kz¿§w alotPm alow sshIpWvTw iintPm btam ba]pcw kp{_“temIw Kpcpx Zzo]m≥ ssZXyhcx (1) inJo Xp ncbw kw{]m]tbXv {]mWnmw kw_‘mZvhybmbIky IYtbØ{Xm¥ycmiywiXx. (1) ]mTt`Zw: t`mKnhc acWm¥cKXn kw_‘mZv hybmbIky IYtbXv X{Xm¥ycmiywiXx. ˛ (kqcy≥ XpS-ßnb {Kl-߃°v) ]{¥-≠mw-`m-hm-[n-]-p-ambn _‘w D≠m-hp-Itbm, (Ah¿) ]{¥≠mw`mh-amb cmin-bn¬ Awin-°p-Itbm (Ah-cpsS -hmwiw hcn-Itbm) sNbvXm¬, acWtijw˛˛ {Klw ˛ temIw ssIemkw chnioXKp ˛ kqcy≥, N{μ≥ ssIemkw alotPm alow ˛ IpP≥ `qan sshIpWvTw iintPm ˛ _p[≥ sshIpWvTw kp{_“temIw Kpcpx ˛ hymgw {_“temIw `rKpkpX kz¿§w ˛ ip{I≥ kz¿§w btam ba]pcw ˛ in batemIw Zzo]m≥ ssZXyhcx ˛ cmlp Zzo]pIƒ inJo Xp ncbw ˛ tIXp cIw (F∂o temI-ßfn¬) kw{]m]tbXv {]mWnmw ˛ {]mWn-Iƒ (a-p-jy¿) FØp-∂p.
  • 282. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 277 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Ign™ P∑-Ønse / hcpw P∑-Ønse Imcy-߃ Adn-bp-hm≥ (24) [¿tΩiztcssWh ln ]q¿hP∑˛ hrØw `hnjy÷w kptXimXv XZoiPmXnw XZ[njvTnX¿£˛ Zrim ln Xss{Xh XZoitZiw. 1 [¿tΩiztcssWh ]q¿hP∑hrØw ˛ HºXmw`mhm[n]ss°m≠v Ign™ P∑Ønse Imcy߃ ]-d-b-Ww; `hnjy÷w kptXimXv ˛ ASpØ P∑Ønse Imcy߃ A©mw`mhm[n]ss°m≠pw ]-d-b-Ww. 2 XZoiPmXnw ˛ B `mhm-[n-]s‚ PmXn-sh®v PmXn ]d-b-Ww. (HºXmw`mhm[n]ss°m≠v Ign™P∑Ønse PmXnbpw A©mw`mhm[n]ss°m≠v hcpw P∑Ønse PmXn-bpw ]d-b-Ww.) 3 XZ[njvTnX E¿£ Zri ln Xss{Xh XZoitZiw. ˛ B {Klw (9/5 `mhm-[n-]-Xn) n¬°p∂ cminbpsS tZi-tam, AXns tm°p∂ {KlØns‚ cmin-bpsS tZitam sh®v ÿew ]dbWw. (25) tkzmt® bZoti kXn tZh`qanw Zzo]m¥cw oNcn]pKrltÿ kz¿t£ kplrZvt` kat` ÿntX hm kw{]m]vpbmXv `mcXh¿jtah. 4(1) tkzmt® bZoti kXn tZh`qanw ˛ B {Klw (9/5 `mhm-[n-]≥) D®ØnemWv n¬°p∂sX¶n¬ --tZh`qan (kz¿§w) 4(2) Zzo (-Zo) ]m¥cw oNcn]pKrltÿ ˛ oNØntem i{Xpcminbntem BWv n¬°p∂-sX-¶n¬ Zo]m¥cw 4(3) kz¿t£ kplrZvt` kat` ÿntX hm kw{]m]vpbmXv `mcXh¿jtah. ˛ B `mhm-[n-]≥ (9/5 `mhm-[n-]≥) kzt£{Xw, an{Xt£{Xw, kat£{Xw Chbnsem∂n-emWp n¬°p-∂sX¶n¬ `mcXh¿jw (]p-Wy-`q-an)
  • 283. ^eZo]nI 278 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Ccp-]-Øn-memw t«mIwapX¬ h¿Ø-amP∑-Ønv ]nºpw apºpw D≈ P∑-ß-fnse Imcy-߃ ({]-[m--ambpw ASpØ P∑-Ønse hnti-j-߃) Is≠-Øm-p≈ am¿§ß- fmWp ]d-bp-∂-Xv. B t«mI-Øn¬ XZoi / XZ-[n-jvTnX F∂pw Cu t«m-I-Øn¬ bZoti F∂pw ]d-bp-∂Xv 5˛9 `mhm-[n-]-sc-°p-dn-®m-sW∂ Imcyw hy‡-hp-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Cu t«mI-Ønepw 27, 28, 29 t«mI-ß-fnepw ]d-bp∂Xv GXp {Kl-sØ-°p-dn-®mWv F∂ Imcy- Øn¬ A`n-{]mbhyXymkhpw ImWp∂p≠v. Cw•ojv hymJym--ß-ƒ {]Imcw AXv 5˛9 `mhm-[n-]-cm-Wv; F∂m¬ sImSpß√q¿ ]Xn∏pkcn-®v -AXp ]{¥≠mw `mhm-[n-]-pw. sIm√w]Xn∏n¬ Ccp-]-Øn-b©mw t«mI-Øns‚ hymJym--Øn¬ ’ ]{¥≠mw `mhm-[n]≥’ F∂p ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw ]n∂o-Sp≈ t«mI-ß-fpsS hymJym--Øn¬ ’ B A[n-]≥’ Ft∂ ]d-bp-∂p-≈q.) BZyw ]d-™- (5/9 `mhm-[n-]≥) BWv kμ¿`-Ønpw bp‡n°pw tNcpI F∂p tXm∂p-∂Xp-sIm≠v B ho£-W-KXn Ap-kcn®mWv ChnsS A¿∞w sImSp-°p- ∂-Xv. (26) Bcymh¿Øw Kojv]tXx ]pWyZyx Imthytμm› ⁄ky ]pWyÿemn ]wtKm¿nμym tæ—`qkvXo£`mtm ssiemcWyw IoISw `qanPky. 5(1) Bcymh¿Øw Kojv]tXx ˛ (B 5/9 `mhm-[n-]≥) hymgamsW-¶n¬ Bcymh¿Øhpw 5(2,3) ]pWyZyx Imthytμm› ˛ ip{I≥, N{μ≥ Ch¿°v ]pWy-Xo¿∞-ßfpw 5(4) ⁄ky ]pWyÿemn ˛ _p[v ]pWy-ÿ-e-ßfpw 5(5) ]wtKm¿nμym ˛ in°p nμy-amb ÿe-ßfpw 5(6) tæ—`qx Xo£`mtm ˛ kqcyp tæ—amb ÿe-ßfpw 5(7) ssiemcWyw IoISw `qanPky. ˛ IpPp ae, ImSv, IoISwiv* F∂n-h-bpw (]-d-b-Ww.) *IoIS = Zcn-{Z-am-b, IoISw ˛ aK-[-Øns‚ Z£n-W-`mKw (i-_vZ-Xm-cm-h-en)
  • 284. A≤ymbw 14 (ttcmKw, acWw, ap≥˛]n≥ P∑ßfpw) 279 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (27) ÿntc ÿncmwim[nKXx k]m]x ]rjvtTmZtb f t[mapJt` N kwÿx XZoiztcm hr£eXmZnP∑ kymZyYm PohbpXx icocn. 6 XZoiztcm ˛ B `mh-m-Y≥ (1) ÿntc ÿncmwim[nKXx ˛ ÿnccminbntem / ÿnchmw-i-Øntem -- (2) ]rjvtTmZb At[mapJt` N ˛ ]rjvtTmZbcmin-bntem / At[mapJcmintem (3) k]m]x ˛ ]m]s‚ IqsS kwÿx ˛ n¬°p-∂psh¶n¬ (1+2+3) (I-gn™ P∑w / ASp-Ø-P-∑w) hr£eXmZnP∑ ˛ hr£w, eX XpSßnbhbmbncn°pw. kymXv AyYm ˛ adn®msW¶n¬ (Ncw/io¿tjm-Zbw/Du¿≤z-apJ/ip`) PohbpXx icocn. ˛ ssNX-y-ap≈ Pohnbmbncn°pw. (28) et·inXpx tkzm®kplr’ztKtl XZoiztcm bmXn apjyP∑ ˛ kta arKmx kyp¿hnlKmx ]ckvan≥ t{Z°mWcqss]c]n Nn¥obw. 7. XZoiztcm...et·inXpx * ˛ B (5/9) `mhm[n]≥ tkzm®kplr’ztKtl -˛ e·m-[n-]s‚ D®cminbntem, kz£{XØntem an{Xt£{XØntem n¬°p∂psh¶n¬ bmXn apjyP∑ ˛ AXp apjyP∑w Bbn-cn-°pw. 8. kta arKmx ˛ kat£{XØn¬ -- arKP∑hpw 9. ]ckvan≥ ˛ a‰p≈hbn¬ -- ]£nP∑hpw Bbn-cn°pw t{Z°mWcqss]c]n Nn¥obw ˛ t{Z°mWcq]wsIm≠pw Cßns Nn¥n°mw. (29) XmthIcmiu Pw kztZti Xu Xpeyhocyu bZn Xpey PmXnx h¿tÆm KpWkvXky JKky Xpeyx kwt⁄mZnssXtch htZ’akvXw.
  • 285. ^eZo]nI 280 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 10. XmthIcmiu Pw kztZti ˛ Ah¿ c≠pt]cpw (A-©mw-`m-hm-[n-]pw HºXmw`mhm-[n-]pw)* n¬°p-∂Xv Htc cminbnemsW-¶n¬ Pw kztZi ØpXs∂bmbn-cn-°pw. (* ]{¥≠mw `mhm-[n-]pw e·m-[n-]pw F∂p sImSpß√p¿]Xn∏v.) 11. Xu Xpeyhocyu bZn Xpey PmXnx˛Ah¿°p Xpey_eamsW¶n¬ XpeyPmXnbn¬Øs∂ Pn°pw. 12. h¿Æ KpW Xky JKky Xpeyx˛ h¿Æhpw KpWhpw B {KlØns‚ h¿Æ˛KpW߃°p Xpey-am-bn-cn-°pw. kwt⁄mZnssXtch htZ’akvXw. ˛ (C-ßs) kw⁄Ifn¬ (cmin-`m-h-kw⁄m ˛ A≤ymbw 1, {Klkw⁄m ˛ A≤ymbw 2) ]d™n´p≈ Imcy-ßsf-√mw-Xs∂ ka-z-bn-∏n-®p- ^ew ]d-bWw.
  • 286. 281281281 281 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 281 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 15 `mh-Nn-¥m-hn[n (1) `mhm-x k¿th ip`-]-Xn-bpXm ho£nXm hm ipt`ssix XØZv `mhmx k--I-e-^-eZmx ]m]-Zr-tKym-K-lomx ]m]mx k¿th `h--]-X-b-t›-Zn-lm-lp-kvX-ssYh tJssS-x k¿ssh-»p-`-^-e-anZw oN-aq-Vmcn lossx. 1 ip` ˛ ip`-{Klw, ]-Xn ˛ `mhm-[n-]Xn, hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ ipt`ssix - ˛ ip`-`m-hm-[n-]Xn- bpXm ˛ n¬°p-∂Xpw ho£nXm ˛ ZrjvSn-sN-øp-∂Xpw Bbhbpw ]m]Zr-Iv -tbm-Klom ˛ ]m]-{K-l-Øns‚ ZrjvSn, tbm-Kw (ÿn-Xn) Ch C√mØhbpw Bb `mhmx k¿th k-I-e-^-eZmx ˛ k¿h`m-h-ßfpw kIe (ip`) ^e-ßfpw Xcp-∂p.- 2 ]m]m-x k¿th ˛ ]m]-∑m¿ `h--]-Xbt›Zn XssYh ˛ `mhm[n]cmIptºmgpw Aßn-s-Øs∂. (`mhm-[n-]Xn ]m]-{K-l-am-sW-¶nepw Cu nbaw _m[-I-am-Wv. `mhm-[n-]-mb ]m]s‚ ZrjvSn-tbm-K-߃ `mh-Ønp tZmj-I-c-a-√;. `mhm-[n-]_‘w `mh-Ønp KpWta sNøq F∂p Xm¬]-cyw.) 3 tJssS-x k¿ssh ˛ (1, 2 {]-Imcw ^e-{]-Z-ß-fmb `mh-ß-fp-ambn _‘-s∏´) F√m {Kl-ßfpw oN- aq-V Acn lossx ˛ oNw, auVyw, i{Xp-t£-{X-ÿnXn Ch Cs√-¶n¬ ip`-^-e-anZw ˛ ip`-^-ew ¬Ipw (2) .Xؤm-h-{Xn-tImtW kzkp-J-a-Z-t` Nmkv]tZ kuay-bpt‡ ]m]mmw ZrjvSn-lot `h--]-k-lnssXx ]m]-tJ-ssS-c-bpt‡
  • 287. ^eZo]nI 282 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly `mhmmw ]pjvSn-am-lp-x k-I-e-ip-`-I-co˛ ayYm tNXv {]Wmiw an{iw anss{i¿{K-tl-ss{μ- -I-e-a]n XYm aq¿Øn-`m-hm-[n-Im-mw. Hmtcm PmX-I-Ønepw `mh-߃°p {Kl-ß-fp-ambn hcp∂ _‘w `mh-^-esØ Fßns kzm[o-n-°p-sa-∂mWv Ign™ t«mI-Øn¬ ]d-™-Xv. tcn´ _‘w-am-{X-a-√, `mh-ß-fpsS tI{μßfnepw {XntImWßfnepw n¬°p∂ {Kl-ßfpw `mh-^-esØ _m[n- °p-sa∂v Cu t«mI-Øn¬ hy‡-am-°p-∂p. Xؤm-h ˛ AXmXp `mh-Øns‚ - 1. {Xn-tImtW -˛ {XntIm-W-Ønepw (5,9) kzkp-J-a-Z-t` Nmkv]tZ ˛ kz (2), kpJ (4), aZ (7), Bkv]Z (10) `mh-ß-fnepw kuay-bpt‡ ˛ ip`-∑m¿ n¬°pI 2. ]m]mmw ZrjvSn-lot ˛ ]m]-Zr-jvSn-bn-√m-Xn-cn-°pI 3. `h--]-k-lnssXx ˛ `mhm-[n-]ÿnXn D≠m-hpI 4. ]m]-tJ-ssS- Abpt‡ ˛ ]m]-{K-l-߃ C√m-Xn-cn-°pI k-I-e-ip-`-I-co ˛ Cßs kI-ew -ip-`-I-c-ambm¬ `mhmmw ]pjvSn-am-lp- ˛ `mh-]pjvSn ]d-bWw AyYm tNXv {]Wmiw ˛ Aßns As√-¶n¬ `mh-miw. an{iw anss{i ˛ an{i-am-sW-¶n¬ an{i^ew. aq¿Øn-`m-hm-[n-Im-mw ˛ e·w apX-emb `mh-ßsf {K-tl-ss{μx -k-I-e-a]n XYm˛ (Cßsbpw) {Kl-ß-fp-ambn tN¿Øp Nn-¥n-°-Ww. (3) mi-ÿm--KtXm Znhm-I-c-I-ssc¿˛ ep_v[kvXp b¤m-ht]m oNm-cm-Xn-Krlw KtXm bZn `thXv kussay-c-bp-t‡-£nXx X¤m-hky hnm-iw hnX-ptX XmZr-Kzn [m-tym f kvXn-tN˛ ؤmth f ]n ^e-{]tZm ln (1) ip`˛ t›∂mi-ap-{K-{K-lx. v (1) ]mT-t`Zw : ln Hcp PmX-I-Ønse ÿnXn-sIm≠v `mh-m-Y-mb {Kl-Ønp hcp∂ _ehpw _e-°p- dhpw `mhsØ Fßns _m[n-°p-sa-∂mWv Cu t«mI-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv.
  • 288. 283283283 283 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 283 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Hcp `mh-m-Yv 1. 1. mi-ÿm--KtXm ˛ mi-ÿm-Øn¬ (8-˛¬) ÿnXn 2 Znhm-I-c-I-sscx ep_v[kvXp ˛ kqcy-c-ivan-I-sf-s°m≠v ad-hv (au-Vy-w) 3 oNm-cm-Xn-Krlw ˛ oNØntem i{Xp-cm-in-bntem ÿnXn 4 kussay-x Abp-‡ Cu-£nXx ˛ kuay-{K-l-ß-fpsS tbmK-Zr-jvSn-I-fn-√mXn-cn- °pI (Cßns h∂m¬) X¤m-hky hnm-iw hnX-ptX ˛ B (`mh-mYs‚) `mh-Ønp miw kw`-hn°p∂p. 2. XmZr-Kznt[m AtymkvXn -tNؤmth A]n ^e-{]tZm ˛ tscadn-®m-sW-¶n¬ ^ehpw adn-®m-bn-cn-°pw. (ip-`-am-bn-cn°pw.) 3. ln ( ln) ip`t›Xv mi-w D-{K-{K-lx. ˛ ip`msW-¶n¬ ]m]-s‚ A{X tZmjw sNøpIbn-√.* * sIm√w]Xn∏pam{Xta Cu A¿∞hpambn tbmPn°pp∂p≈p. (I]qdns‚ hymJym--Ønp hy‡X Ipd-hm-Wv. a‰p c≠p hymJym--ßfpw C°m-cy-Øn¬ n»-_vZhp-am-Wv.) AsX-¥m-bm- epw, ]m]-∑mcpw Zpÿm--ß-fp-am-bp≈ _‘w, ip`-∑mcpw Zpÿm--ß-fp-am-bp≈ _‘tØ°mƒ tZmj-I-c-am-sW∂v t«mIw 19˛¬ hy‡-am°p-∂p-≠v. (4) e·m-Zn-`mhm{Zn]p-c-{‘-cnxt^ ]m]-{K-lm-kvXZv`--h-m-Zn-miw kuaymkvXp mXy-¥-^-e-{]Zmx kyq¿˛ `mhm-[n-Immw ^e-ta-h-am-lpx. e·m-Zn-`mhmXv ˛ e·w XpS-ßnb `mh-ß-fn¬n∂v cn]p-c-{‘-cnxt^ ˛ 6˛8-˛12 `mh-ß-fn¬ ]m]-{K-lmXv - ˛ ]m-]-∑m¿ n∂m¬ -X-Xv `-h-m-Zn-miw ˛ B `mh-Ønp miw D-≠m-Ip-∂p. kuaymkvXp ˛ ip-`{K-lßfm-Is´ mXy-¥-^-e-{]Zmx kyq ˛ (A-hn-sS) A[nIw -^-e-{]Zcpa-√. `mhm-[n-Immw ˛ `mh-ß-fpsS ^e-ta-h-am-lpx ˛ ^ew C{]-Imcw ]d-b-Ww. (t«mIw 19 IqSn ImWpI). (5) b¤m-h-mtYm cn]p-c-{‘-cnxt^ Zpxÿm-t]m b¤-h--ÿntXm hm
  • 289. ^eZo]nI 284 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly X¤m-h-miw IY-b¥n X⁄mx ipt`-£n-X-kvX-Zv`-h-ky kuJyw. b¤m-h-mtYm ˛ bmsXmcp `mh-m-Y≥ cn]p-c-{‘-cnxt^ ˛ 6˛8-˛12 `mh-ß-fn¬ n¬°p∂pthm hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ Zpxÿm-t]m ˛ Zpxÿm- (6-˛8-˛12) mY-∑m¿ b¤-h--ÿntXm ˛ bmsXmcp `mh-Øn¬ n¬°p-∂pthm X¤m-h-miw ˛ B `mh-Ønp miw IY-b¥n ˛ ]d-bp-∂p. ipt`-£n-X- ˛ ip`-Zr-jvSn-bp-≈ X-¤-h-ky ˛ `mh-Ønp kuJyw ˛ kuJyw D≠m-Ip-∂p. Hcp `mh-Ønp ip`-Zr-jvSnbp-s≠-¶n¬ AXv AXns‚ Zpÿm--_-‘-Ønp ]cn-lm- c-am-Ip-sa∂p-am-{X-a√, ip`-I-c-hp-amIw F∂p kqN-. (6) `mhm-[oti N `mth kXn _e-c-lntX N {Ktl Imc-ImtJy ]m]m-¥tÿ N ]mss]-c-cn-`n-c]n kta˛ tXjn-tX mytJssSx ]mss]-kvX-Zv_-‘p-ar-Xyp-hy-b-`-h--K-ssX˛ kvX{Xn-tIm-W-ÿn-ssX¿hm hmNym X¤m-h-lmnx kv^pS-an-l- `-hXn Zzn{Xn-kw-hm-Z-`m-hmXv. `mhm-[oti N `mth Imc-ImtJy ˛ `mhm-[oipw `mh-Ønpw Imc-I{Kl-Ønpw 1. _e-c-lntX N ˛ _e-an-√m-Xn-cn-°p-I, 2. ]m]m-¥tÿ ˛ ]m]-a-≤y-ÿn-Xn, 3. ]mss]-x A-cn-`nx ˛ ]m]-∑m-cp-sStbm i{Xp-°-fp-sStbm ktatX Cujn-tX tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm D≠m-hp-I, 5. Ay tJssSx ˛ a‰p≈ {Kl-ß-fpsS (ip`-cpsStbm an{X-ß-fp-sStbm) tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm C√m-Xn-cn-°p-I v6. ]mss]- ˛ ]m]-∑m¿ XXv _-‘p- ar-Xyp- hy-b -`-h--K-ssX˛ AXns‚ 4, 8, 12 `mh-ßfn¬ n¬°pI,
  • 290. 285285285 285 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 285 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 7. XXv {Xn-tIm-W-ÿn-ssXx hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ AXns‚ 5, 9 `mh-ß-fn¬ n¬°pI, hmNym X¤m-h-lmnx ˛ (Ch-sb√mw) B `mhsØ ln-°p∂Xmbn ]d-b-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. (ln-°pI F∂Xnv ChnsS tZmj-I-camWv F∂ A¿∞w FSp-Øm¬ aXn. ImcWw Cu tZmj-߃ Hmtcm∂pw Htcm Xc-Ø-nemWv Hcp `mhsØ _m[n-°p-I. `mh-m- Ys‚ an{X-i-{Xp-°ƒ Xs∂-bmWv `mh-Øns‚ an{X-i-{X-°fpw.) Zzn {Xn kw-hm-Z-`m-hm-Xv kv^pS-anl `hXn ˛ ta¬∏-d™ c≠p aq∂p Imcy-߃ HØp- h-∂m¬ `mh-miw (tZm-j-^-ew) Dd-∏m-Wv. (7) XØZv `m--h-]-cm-`-th-iz-c-J-c-t{Z-°m-W]m Zp¿_em `mhm-cy-jvS-a-Im-aKm nP-Z-imbmw `mh-m-i-{]Zmx ]m]m `mh-Kr-lmXv {Xni-{Xp-`-hKmx tI{μ-{Xn-tIm-tW -ip`m hocymVyx Jep `mh-m-Y-kp-lrtZm `mhky kn≤n-{]Zmx. XØ-¤m-h ˛ Hcp `mh-Øns‚ -1. ]-cm-`-th-iz-c ˛ AjvS-am-[n-]pw - J-c-t{Z-°m-W]m ˛ 22-˛mw t{Z-°m-Wm[n]pw Zp¿_em ˛ Zp¿∫e-cm-bn `mhmXv Acn AjvSa ImaKm ˛ B `mh-Øns‚ 6-, 8, 7 cminIfn¬ n∂m¬ nP-Z-imbmw ˛ Ah-cpsS Zi-bn¬ `mh-m-i-{]Zmx ˛ B `mhØnp -tZmjw sNøp-w. 2. (1) ]m]m `mh-Kr-lmXv {Xni-{Xp-`-hKmx˛ `mh-Øn¬n∂v 3, 6, 11 cmin-Ifn¬ n¬°p∂ ]m]-∑mcpw (2)tI{μ-{Xn-tIm-tW -ip`m hocymVyx ˛ _e-hm-∑m-cmbn (`m-h-Øn¬n-∂v) tI{μßfntem (1,4,7,10) {Xn-tIm-Wßfntem ( 1,5,9 ) n¬°p∂ ip`-∑mcpw, 2(3) hocymVyx `mh-m-Y kp-lrtZm ˛ `mh-m-Y‚ (_-e-hm-∑m-cm-b) an{X-ßfpw (A-h-cpsS Zim-]-lm-c-ß-fn¬) `mhky kn≤n-{]Zmx. ˛ `mh-kn-≤n°p Imc-W-am-Ipw. (`m-h-Øns‚ KpW^ew Ap-`-h-s∏-Spw.)
  • 291. ^eZo]nI 286 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (8) cmtiym¿÷-∑-hn-e-·-tbm¿ar-Xn-]-Xn¿ (1) arXyp-ÿ -X-Zzo-£tIm aμ-{IqcZrKmWt]m Kpfn-I-]kvssXcp‡-cm-iyw-i]x cmlp-ss›jp kpZp¿_-e-x k P-t `mth- f -`o-jvtS- ÿnXx ]m]m-tem-In-X-kw-bptXm nP-Z-imbmw `mh-m-im-hlx. (1) ]mTt`Zw: [rXn]Xn (aq∂mw `mhm[n]Xn) *. cmtiym -P-∑- hn-e-·-tbmx ˛ N{μmtem e·mtem 1 ar-Xn-]-Xnx * ˛ F´mw `mhm-[n-]Xn 2 arXyp-ÿ ˛ F´n¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw -3 ho-£tIm ˛ F´n¬ tm°p∂ {Klw 4 aμ ˛ in 5 -{Iq-cZrKmWt]m ˛ 22-˛mwt{Z°-Wm-[n-]≥ 6 Kpfn-I-]x ˛ Kpfn-I-≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-bpsS A[n-]≥ 7 ssX¿bp‡-cm-iyw-i]x ˛ Cu {Kl-߃ n¬°p∂ cminIfpsS -m-Y- ∑mcpw Awi-In® cmin-IfpsS m-Y-∑mcpw 8 cmlp-ss›jp ˛ cmlphpw - P-t kpZp¿∫-e ˛ Ch-cn¬ P--k-a-bØp Zp¿∫-ecpw `mth- A-`o-jvtS -ÿnXx ˛ tZmj-ÿm--ß-fn¬ (e-·m¬ 6˛8-˛12) n¬°p-∂-hcpw ]m]m-tem-In-X- ˛ ]m]ZrjvSn-bp-≈-hcpw ]m]kw-bptXm ˛ ]m]-tbm-K-ap-≈-hcpw nP-Z-imbmw `mh-m-im-hlx ˛ Xß-fpsS Zi-I-fn¬ `mh-miw sNøpw. * c≠v DØtc¥y≥ ]Xn∏pIfnepw arXn]Xn°p ]Icw [rXn]Xn BWv sImSpØn´p ≈Xv. 3-˛6-˛11 `mh-ßsf Zpÿm--ß-fmbn ImWp∂ ]cm-i-c-tlmc XpS-ßnb {KŸ-߃ {]Imcw AXp icnbp-am-Imw. F∂m¬ ^e-Zo-]nI 1 : 17 {]Imcw 6˛8-˛12 `mh-ß-fmWv Zpÿm- -߃. AXp-{]-Imcw F´mw-`m-h-amWv kμ¿`-Ønp tbmPn-°p-I. (9) `mh-tkym-Z-b-]m-{in-Xky Ipiew b¤m-h-t]-tm-Z-b˛ kzmao XnjvTXn kwbp-tXm]n Ie-tb-˛ Ø-Zv`m-h-PmXw ^ew Zpÿmt hn]-co-X-ta-X-Zp-ZnXw `mthiztc Zp¿_te tZmtjm -f Xoh `thXv _te klntX tZmjm-¬]Xm P¬]nXm.
  • 292. 287287287 287 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 287 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1. `mh-ky D-Z-b-] B-{in-Xky Ipiew ˛ e·m-[n-]≥ GXp `mh-Øn-en-cp-∂mepw B `mh-Ønp Ipi-e-am-Wv. 2. bXv `m-h-t]- DZ-bkzman XnjvTXn kwbp-tXm]n ˛ e·m[n]≥ GXp `mh-m-Y-tmSpIqsS nev°p-∂p-thm, Ie-tb-Xv XXv -`m-h-PmXw ^ew ˛ B `mhw AXns‚ ^ew ¬-Ip-∂p. 3. Zpÿmt hn]-co-X-ta-X-Zp-ZnXw ˛ (`m-hm-[n-]≥ n¬°p-∂Xv) Zpÿm--Øm-sW-¶n¬ (6-˛8-˛12) hn]-co-X-^ew ]d-b-Ww. 4. `mthiztc Zp¿_te tZmjx A-Xoh `thXv ˛ `mh-m-Y≥ Zp¿∫-e-m-sW-¶n¬ AXohtZmjw `hn-°pw. 5. _te klntX tZmjm-ev]Xm Pev]nXm ˛ _e-hm-m-sW-¶n¬ tZmj-^ew Ipd-bpw F∂pw ]d-bs∏´n-cn-°p-∂p. (10) b¤m-th-jz-ipt`m f ]n tNmZ-b-]Xnx X¤m-h-hr≤nw ZntiZv Zpxÿm-m-[n-]-Xnx k -tN-ZyZn Xtmx {]m_eya-yky At{Xm-Zm-l-cWw IptP kpX-KtX knwtl Qtj hm ÿntX ]p{Xm]vXnw ip`-ho-£ntX QSnXn XXv˛ {]m]vXnw hZ-¥yp-Ø-amx. 1. bXv `m-th-jp Aip`x A]n N DZ-b-]Xnx XXv `m-h-hr≤nw ZntiXv ˛ ]m]-{K-lam-bn-cp-∂mepw e·m-[n-]Xn Xm≥ n¬°p∂ `mh-Ønp A`nhr≤n ¬Ipw. 2. Zpxÿm-m-[n-]-Xn- kx -tN-Xv bZn Xtmx {]m_eya-yky ˛ e·m-[n-]p Zpÿm-m-[n-]-Xyw-IqSn hcp∂ kμ¿`-ß-fnepw- e·m[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ Ap-Iqe-^-e-a-√msX Zpÿm-m[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ tZmj-^ew -^ew sNøpIbn-√. A{X DZm-l-cWw ˛ DZm-l-c-W-Ønv IptP kpX-KtX knwtl Qtj hm ÿntX ]p{Xm]vXnw ˛ IpP≥ A©n¬,Nnß -Øn¬ As√-¶n¬ ao-Øn¬, n∂m¬ ]p{X-P-w ]d-b-Ww. ({Kl-ß-fpsS e·m- [n-]Xy_ew Zpÿmm[n-]-XytZmj-tØ-°mƒ {]_-e-am-sW∂p kmcw)
  • 293. ^eZo]nI 288 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly ip`-ho-£ntX QSnXn XXv {]m]vXnw hZ-¥n DØ-amx. ˛ ip`-Zr-jvSn-bp-s≠-¶n¬, Xma-k-an-√msX ]p{X-P---ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂v BNm-cy-∑m¿ ]d-bp-∂p. hni-Zo-I-cWw: taSw e·w. e·m-[n-]≥ IpP≥. IpPv hr›n-I-cm-in-bpsS B[n]Xyw-Iq-Sn-bp-≠- t√m. hr›nIw ChnsS F´mw-`mhamWv, F´mw-`mhw Zpÿm---am-b-Xn-m¬ IpPp Zpÿm-m-[n-]-Xyw-IqSn D≠v. IpP≥ n¬°p-∂Xv A©mw`mh-amb Nnß-Øn¬. Zpÿm- m-[n-]-Xy-ap≈ ]m]-m-b -Ip-Ps‚ ]p{X-`m-h-Ønse ÿnXn a°ƒ D≠m-In√ F∂m-tWm kqNn-∏n-°p-∂Xv F∂ Hcp kwibw tXm∂mw. e·m-[n-]s‚ A©nse Ap-IqeÿnXn ]p{X-Kp-Wm-p-`-h-amWp ImWn-°p-∂-sX∂pw B IpPp ip`-Zr-jvSn-IqSn Ds≠-¶n¬ Ime-Xm-aktam {]bm-ktam IqSmsX thK-Øn¬ ]p{X-∑m-¿ D≠mIp-sa∂pw ]d-b-Ww. Hcp {Klw Ap-Iq-e-am-bm¬am-{Xw- t]m-cm, Ap-Iq-e-^ew ¬Im≥ Bh-iy-amb {Kl-_-ew-IqSn AXn-p-≠m-I-Ww F∂ kXyw-IqSn ChnsS kqNn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. (11) Zznÿm-m-[n-]-Xn-Xz-akvXn bZn tNXv ∑pJyw {XntIm-W¿£Pw Xkym¿≤w kzKr-tl f Y ]q¿h-ap-`-tbm˛ cyر-imZu htZXv. ]›m-Zv`m-h-an-lm-]-cm¿≤-k-atb bpt‹ Krtl bp‹Pw tXzmPtÿ kXn -tNm-P-`m-h-P-^ew iwk¥n tINn-÷-mx. Ggp {Kl-ß-fn¬ A©p Xmcm-{K-l-߃°pw Cuc≠p hoXw cmin-I-fpsS B[n-]- Xy-ap-≠v. B {Kl-Øns‚ Zi-bn¬ Cu c≠p cmin-I-fn¬ GXns‚ ^e-amWv ][m--ambpw Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-I, GXns‚ ^eamWv BZy-ambn Ap-`-h-s∏-SpI XpS-ßnb kwi-b-߃°p≈ adp-]-Sn-bmWv Cu t«mI-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Zznÿm-m-[n-]-Xn-Xzw A-kvXn bZn tNXv ˛ c≠v `mh-ß-fpsS B[n-]-Xy-ap-≈ {Kl-am-sW-¶n¬ (AXns‚ Zi-bn¬) 1. apJyw {XntIm-W¿£`w ˛ apJy-ambpw (H∂mw ÿm-Øv) Ap-`-h-s∏-SpI-. AXns‚ aqe{XntIm-W cminbmb `mhØns‚ ^eßfmWv. Xkym¿≤w kzKr-tl ˛ AXns‚ ]IpXn (c-≠mw-ÿmØv) kzt£-{Xwam{X-amb `mh-Øns‚ ^ehpw Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-w.
  • 294. 289289289 289 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 289 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2. ]q¿h-w D`-tbmx bXv ZimZu htZXv ˛ Cu c≠p cmin-I-fpsS Zi-I-fn¬ BZyw Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-Ibpw ta¬∏-d-™- Xns‚ (aq-e-{Xn-tIm-W-cmin-bpsS) ^e-ß-fm-Wv. ]›m-Zv`m-hw C-l A]-cm¿≤-k-atb ˛ c-≠m-asØ ]Ip-Xn-bn¬ at‰ `mh-Øns‚ ^e-ßfpw Ap-`-h-s∏-Spw. 3. bpt‹ Krtl bp‹Pw ˛ (B {Klw n¬°p-∂Xv) bp‹-cm-in-bn-em-sW-¶n¬ B cmin-bn¬ hcp∂ `mh- Øns‚ ^ehpw HmPtÿ kXn-tNm-P-`m-h-P-^ew ˛ HmP-cm-in-bn-em-sW-¶n¬ B cmin-bn¬ hcp∂ `mh-Øns‚ ^ehpw iwk¥n tINn-÷-mx. ˛ BZyw hcp-sa-∂mWv Nne-cpsS A`n-{]m-bw. (12) b¤m-th-i-kym-Xn-i-{Xp-{Ktl hm tbm hm tJtSm _nμp-iq-y¿£-bp‡x XØXv`mth aq¿Øn-`m-hm-Zn-Immw miw {_qbm-ss±-hhnXv {]mivnIw ln. ÿnXn-sIm≠v XnI®pw Zp¿∫-ec-mb {Kl-߃, DZm-l-c-W-Øn-v, bXv `m-th-i-ky AXn-i-{Xp-{Ktl ˛ Xs‚ AXn-i-{Xpt-£-{X-amb `mh-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw (2: 23) hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ tbm tJtSm _nμp-iq-y¿£-bp‡x˛ AjvS-I-h¿§-Øn¬ Xn°p _nμp°sfm ∂pw C√mØ cminbn-¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw (A-≤ymbw 23, 24) (Ch Ah-bpsS Zi-bn¬) XXv XXv `m-th aq¿Øn-`m-hm-Zn-Immw ˛ (Ah n¬°p∂) e·w-Xp-S-ßnb AXmXp `mh-ß-fpsS miw {_qbm-Xv ˛ miw sNøp-sa∂p ]d-b-Ww. (13) tkzss®x kp-lr-Xvt£-{X-K-ssXx {K-tlss{μx jUv`n¿∫-ssex ap-Jy-^-em-zn-tXm f ]n k‘u ÿnXx k-∂ -^-e-{]Zx kym˛ tZhw hnNn-¥ym f -{X -h-tZ-Zzn-]-mtI.
  • 295. ^eZo]nI 290 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Hcp `mh-Øn¬ n¬°p∂ {Klw AXns‚ Zi-bn¬ F{X-am{Xw `mh-^ew ¬Ipw F∂-Xns‚ hni-Zo-I-cWw: kzD®- kp-lr-Xvt£-{X -K-ssX {Ktlss{μx- ˛ {Kl-߃ kz¥w D®-cm-in, an-{X-t£{Xw XpS-ßnbh-bn-¬ n∂mepw jUv`nx _ssex ap-Jy-^-em- AznX A]n ˛ jUv_eß-ƒ XpS-ßnb apJy ^e-ti-jn- Iƒ Ccp-∂mepw k‘u ÿnX- ˛ `mh-k-‘n-bn-emWp ÿnXn-sb-¶n¬ kx ^-e-{]-Zx ˛ H´pw- ^-e-{]-Z-c√. (AXp n¬°p∂ `mh- Øns‚ ^ew Xcm≥ AXnp Xosc Ign-bp-I-bn-√.) kymXv Ghw hnNn-¥y A-{X- h-tZXv hn--]m-tI˛ F∂ Imcyw-IqSn Nn¥n®p thWw ^e߃ ]d-bphm≥. hn]mIw ˛ (I¿Ω-^-e-Øns‚) Ap-`-h-tbm-Ky-amb Ah-ÿ. Cu kμ¿`-Øn¬, {Kl-Zi. (14) `mthjp `mh-kv^p-S-Xp-ey-`mKx X¤m-hPw ]q¿Æ-^ew hn[tØ k‘u ^ew mkvXn XZ-¥-cmtf Nnt¥ym- f p-]mXx Jep tJN-cm-Wmw. 1. `mthjp `mh-kv^p-S-Xp-ey-`mKx ˛ {Kl-ßfpsS `mh-ß-fnse ÿnXn `mh- kv^p-SØnp -Xp-ey-amsW¶n¬, `mh-kv^p-Shpw {Kl-kv^p-Shpw H∂m-sW-¶n¬, X¤m-hPw ]q¿Æ-^ew hn[tØ ˛ B `mh-Ønse ÿnXn-sIm≠v B {Klw ¬tI≠ ^ew ]q¿Æ-ambpw ¬Ipw. 2 k‘u ^ew mkvXn ˛ `mh-k-‘n-I-fn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-߃ Hcp KpWhpw sNøpIbn-√. 3 XZ-¥-cmtf Nn¥y A-p-]mXx Jep tJN-cm-Wmw ˛ `mh-a-≤y-Ønpw `mh-k-‘n°pw CS-bn-ep≈ {Kl-ÿn-Xn°v Cu Ap-]m-X- Øn¬ Nn¥n®p ^ew ]d-b-Ww. (15) kqcym-Zm-fl-]n-Xr-{]-`m-h-hn-cpPmw i‡nw {inbw Nn¥-tb˛ t®tXm-_p-≤n-r-]-{]-km-Z-P--o-k-ºXvIc-›{μax (1) kXzw tcmK-Kp-Wm-p-Pm-h-n-cn-]p-⁄m-Xo≥ [cm-kq-pm hnZym-_-‘p-hn-th-I-am-Xp-e-kp-lrZzm°¿ΩIrZv t_m[-x. (1) ]mTt`Zw: N{μXx
  • 296. 291291291 291 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 291 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (16) {]⁄m-hn-Ø-i-co-c-]pjvSnX-b-⁄m-mn hmKo-iz-cmXv ]Xvo-hm-l--`q-j-Wmn aZ-hym-]m-c-kuJyw `rtKmx Bbp¿÷o-h--ar-Xyp-Im-c-W-hn-]Zv`rXym› aμm-Zz-tZXv k¿t∏-ssWh ]nXm-a-l¥pinJnm amXm-alw Nn¥-tb-Xv. {Kl-ß-sf-s°m≠p Nn¥n-t°≠ hnj-b-߃ 1 kqcym-Xv ˛ kqcy-s-s°m≠v Bfl- ˛ Bflmhv ]n-Xr ˛ A—≥ - {]-`m-h- ˛ - {]-`m-hw hn-cpPmw ˛ BtcmKyw i‡nw ˛ _ew {inbw ˛ sFizcyw Nn¥-tbXv ˛ (F∂nh) Nn¥n-°-Ww. 2 N{μakv (N{μXx) ˛ N{μ-s-s°m≠v tNXx ˛ a v r-]-{]-km-Z ˛ cmP{]oXn -P--o ˛ AΩ - k-ºXv°c ˛ kºØv. (F∂nh Nn¥n-°-Ww.) 3 [cm-kq-pm ˛ IpP-s-s°m≠v kXzw ˛ IcpØv (im-co-cn-I-hpw- am-kn-I-hp-amb _ew) tcmK ˛ tcmK-߃ -Kp-Wm- ˛ KpW-߃ Ap-P ˛ Cfb ktlm-Z-c≥ A-h-n ˛ `qan cn-]p- ˛ i{Xp ⁄m-Xo≥ ˛ _‘p-°ƒ (F∂nh Nn¥n-°-Ww.) 4 t_m[-x ˛ _p[ss°m≠v hnZym ˛ hnZy- _-‘p- hn-th-Iw- am-Xp-e- ˛ AΩm-h≥ kp-lrXv ˛ Iq´p-Im¿ hmIv ˛ hm°v I¿ΩIrXv ˛ I¿Ωw (F∂nh Nn¥n-°-Ww.)
  • 297. ^eZo]nI 292 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 5 hmKo-iz-cmXv ˛ hymg-sØ-s°m≠v {]⁄m ˛ {]⁄, hntij_p≤n -hn-Øw ˛ [w -i-co-c-]pjvSn X-b ˛ a°ƒ ⁄m-w ˛ Adnhv (F∂nh Nn¥n-°-Ww.) . 6 `rtKmx ˛ ip{I-s-s°m≠v ]Xvn ˛ `mcy hm-l--w `q-j-Ww ˛ B`-cWw aZ-hym-]m-cw- ˛ Ima-w kuJyw ˛ kpJw (F∂nh Nn¥n-°-Ww.) 7 aμm-Xv ˛ in-sb-s°m≠pv Bbp ˛ Bbp v Po-h-w- ˛ Pohn-Xam¿§w, sXmgn¬ ar-Xyp-Im-c-Ww- ˛ ac-W-Im-cWw hn-]Zv ˛ B]Øv `rXy¿ htZXv ˛ (F-∂n-h) ]d-bWw. 8 k¿t∏-ssWh ˛ cmlp-hn-s-s°m≠v ]nXm-a-lw ˛ A—s‚ A—≥ 9 inJnm ˛ tIXp-hn-s-s°m≠v amXm-alw ˛ AΩbpsS A—≥ Nn¥-tb-Xv ˛ (F-∂n-h-bpw) Nn¥n-°-Ww . (17) Zypa-Wn-c-a-c-a-{¥o- `q-kp-Xx -tkm-a-kuayu Kpcp-cn--X--bmcu `m¿§thm `mp-]p{X Zn-I-c-i-intPUyu Poh-`m-p-⁄-a-μm kpc-Kp-cp-cn--kqpx Imc-Im-x kypx hne-·m-Xv.
  • 298. 293293293 293 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 293 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly `mh-ß-fpsS Imc-I-∑m¿ Imc-Im-x kypx hne-·m-Xv ˛ e·w apX¬°p≈ ]{¥≠p `mh-ß-fp-sSbpw ImcI-∑m¿ `mhw Imc-I-{Klw e·w Zypa-Wn- ˛ kqcy≥ 2 A-a-c-a-{¥o ˛ hymgw - 3 `q-kp-X≥ ˛ Ip-P≥ -4. tkm-a -kuayu ˛ N{μpw _p[pw 5 Kpcp ˛ hymgw 6 C-X--b Bcu ˛ inbpw IpPpw - -7 `m¿§h≥ ˛ ip{I≥ 8 `mp-]p{X≥ ˛ in 9 Zn-I-c- i-inP CuUyu ˛ kqcypw, _p[pw, hymghpw 10 Poh -`m-p- ⁄ aμm ˛ hymghpw, kqcypw, _p[pw, inbpw. 11 kpc-Kp-cp ˛ hymgw 12 C--kqpx ˛ in `mh-ß-sf-s°m≠p Nn¥n-t°≠ hnj-b-߃ H∂mwA≤ym-b-Ønepw {Kl-ß-sf- s°m≠p Nn¥n-t°≠ hnj-b-߃ c≠mw-A-≤ym-b-Ønepw hnkvX-cn®p ]d-™n-´p-≠v. ChnsS 15,16,17 t«mI-ß-fn¬ ]d-™Xv AXns‚ Npcp-°w-am-{Xam-Wv. hmkvX-h-Øn¬, F√m {Kl-߃°pw F√m `mh-ß-fnepw kzm[ow hcp-∂p-≠v. DZm-l-c-W-Ønv Bfl-Im-c-I≥ kqcy-m-sW-¶nepw Bfl-ku-Jy-Øns‚ Imcyw -h-cp-tºmƒ a‰v Bdp {Kl-߃°pw AXn¬ kzm[o--ap-≈-Xmbn ImWmw. AXp-t]mse hc-hns‚ ÿm-amb ]Xn-sm-∂ns‚ Imc-I≥ hymg-am-sW-¶nepw a‰p {Kl-ßsfs°m≠pw C°mcyw Nn¥n-°m-p-≠v. AXm-b-Xv, kqcy-s- s°m≠v A—-n¬n∂pap≈ [-h-chpw N{μ-s-s°m≠v AΩ-Im-c-W-am-bn-´p≈ hchpw Nn¥n-°mw. F∂m¬ a‰-p≈ {Kl-ß-fp-sS-sb√mw apºn¬n∂p {]h¿Øn-°pI `mh-Im-c- I-m-bn-cn-°pw. Imc-Ip _e-°p-dhv As√-¶n¬ Imc-I≥ `mh-Øn¬ n¬°pI XpS-ß-nb tZm-jm-h-ÿ-I-fn¬ AXp hcp-am--t{km-X- n-s-Øs∂ _m[n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. (18) kplr-Z-cn-]-c-Io-b-kz¿£-XpwKkvYnXmmw ^e-a-p-]-cn-Nn¥yw e·-tZ-lm-Zn-`msshx kap-]-N-b-hn-]Ønw kuay-]m-t]jp kXyx IY-bXn hn]-coXw cnx^-j-jvTm-jvS-ta-jp.
  • 299. ^eZo]nI 294 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1. e·-tZ-lm-Zn-`msshx ˛ e·w XpS-ßnb `mh-ß-fpsS ^e-a-p-]-cn-Nn¥yw ˛ ^ew ]d-bp-tºmƒ B `mhhp-ambn _‘- s∏´ {Kl-Øns‚ (Imc-I-s‚/`mhm-[n-]-s‚) kplr-Z- ˛ an{X-t£{Xw Acn- ˛ i{Xp-t£{Xw ]cIobw ˛ kat£{Xw kz¿£w ˛ kzt£{Xw -XpwK ˛ D®-t£{Xw XpS-ßnb ÿm-ß-fnse kvYnXmmw ˛ kvYnXn Ap-k-cn®v {Kl-_-e-Ønp hcp∂ G‰-°p-d-®n-ep-Iƒ ]cn-tim[n-°Ww. 2. kap-]-N-b-hn-]Ønw ˛ `mh-ß-fpsS hr≤nbpw mihpw kuay-]m-t]jp ˛ ip`-˛-]m-]-{K-l-ß-sf-s°m≠v Nn¥n-°-W-sa∂pw 3. cnx^ -j-jvTm AjvS-ta-jp ˛ (F-∂m¬) 6˛8-˛12- `mhß-fn¬ hn]-coXw ^ew hn]-coXamIp∂psh∂pw kXyx IY-bXn ˛ kXym-Nm-cy¿ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. (19) ]m]-{Klmx jjvT-ar-Xn-hy-bÿmx X¤m-h-hr≤nw Ie-b¥n tZmssjx ip`mkvXp X¤m-h-ebw ln Xkvam˛ —{Xm-Zn- `m-thm-∞- ^-e-{]-Wm-ix. (1) (1) ]mT-t`Zw : Z{Xm-cn-`m-hm-Zn-^-e-{]-Wmix ]m]-{Klm jjvT- ar-Xn- hy-bÿmx˛ ]m]-{Kl߃ 6-, 8, 12 `mh-ß-fn¬ n∂m¬ XXv `m-h-hr≤nw Ie-b¥n tZmssjx˛ B `mh-߃°v XßfpsS tZmj߃ sIm≠v KpWw sNøpw. (]m-]-∑m¿ Zpÿm-- ßfn¬ -n-∂m¬ B `mh-ß-fpsS tZmj- ^ew IqSpw F∂¿∞w). ip`mx Xp X¤m-h-ebw ˛ ip`-∑m¿ n∂memIs´, B `mh-߃°p (Zp-ÿm--߃°p) miw D≠m-Ip-∂p. XkvamXv A{X A-cn-`m-hmZn ^-e-{]-Wm-ix. ˛ (A-Xm-b-Xv) ip-`-ÿn-Xn-sIm≠v Bdv XpS- ßnb (6-˛8-˛12) `mh-ßfpsS tZmj-^ew in-°p-∂p.
  • 300. 295295295 295 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 295 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly hni-Zo-I-cWw: 1. ]m-]-∑m¿ Zpÿm--ßfn¬ -n-∂m¬ B `mh-ß-fpsS tZmj-^ew IqSpw F∂Xp kmamyn-b-aw-am-{X-am-Wv. (Bdmw A≤ym-b-Øn¬ hnh-cn® l¿j-˛-k-c-f-˛-hn-a-e- tbm-K-߃ ImWp-I.) 2. ip-`-ÿn-Xn-sIm≠v Zpÿm--ß-fpsS tZmjw Xocp-sa-¶nepw, AXv B ip`-{K-l-Øns‚ _esØ tZmj-ambn _m[n-°p-∂p-ap-≠v. DZm-l-c-W-Ønv Bdnse hymgw i{Xp- °ƒs°-Xnsc {]Xn-tcm-[-ambn n¬°p-∂p-sh-¶n-epw, Zpÿm--ÿnXn hymgsØ Zp¿∫-e-m-°p-∂p-ap-≠v. `mhmXv `mh-Nn¥ (20) `mhky bsskyh ^ew hnNn¥yw `mhw N Xw e·-an-Xn -{]-Iev]y Xkvam-Zz-tZ-±zm-Z-i-`m-h-Pmn ^emn X{Zq-]-[-m-Zn-Im-n. `mhky bsskyh ^ew hnNn¥yw ˛ GsXmcp `mh-Øns‚ ^eamtWm Adntb≠Xv `mhw N Xw e·-an-Xn- {]-Iev]y ˛ B `mhsØ e·-ambn k¶-ev]n-®v XkvamXv ˛ AXp-ap-X¬- cq-]-[-m-Zn-Im-n. ˛ cq]w (e-·w), [w (c-≠mw-`m-hw) XpS-ßn- Zzm-Z-i-`m-h-Pmn ˛ ]{¥≠p `mh-ß-fpsSbpw ^emn ˛ ^e-߃ htZXv ˛ ]d-bWw. (Nn-¥n-°-Ww.) Imc-ImXv ^e-Nn¥ (21) Ghw ln XXvIm-c-ItXm hnNn¥yw ]nXp› amXp› ktlm-Z-cky X∑m-Xp-e-kym]n kpXky ]Xyp¿˛ `rXyky kqcymZn {Kl-ÿn-X¿£m-Xv. Ghw ln kqcymZn {Kl-ÿn-X¿£m-Xv. ˛ C{]Im-cwXs∂ kqcy≥ XpS-ßnb {Kl-߃ n¬°p∂ cmin-Isfs°m≠v (Im-c-I-∑m¿ n¬°p∂ cminsb e·-am-°n)
  • 301. ^eZo]nI 296 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly X¬Im-c-ItXm hnNn¥yw ˛ `mh-Im-c-I-∑m-sc-s°m≠pw Nn¥n-°-Ww. AXm-b-Xv-˛˛ ]nXp ˛ A—s‚ Imcyß-f-dn-bm≥ kqcy≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw amXp ˛ AΩ ˛ N{μ≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw ktlm-Z-c ˛ ktlm-Z-c≥ ˛ IpP≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw am-Xp-e- ˛ AΩm-h≥ ˛ _p[≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw kpX ˛ ]p{X≥ ˛ hymgw n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw ]Xn ˛ If{Xw ˛ ip{I≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw `rXy ˛ the-°m-c≥ ˛ in n¬°p∂ cmin-ap-X¬°pw (Nn¥n-°-Ww.) DZm-l-cWw: kqcy-s-s°m≠v A—-s-°p-dn®p ]d-bp∂ hn[w (22) kqcy-kvYn-X¿£m÷--I-kz-cq]w hr≤nw Zzn-Xo-tb Xp XXv{]-Imiw XZv{`m-Xcw Xky KpWw XrXo-bm˛ Ø∑m-Xcw Nm]n kpJw NXp¿∞m-Xv. (23) _p≤nw {]kmZw kpX-`m® jjvTmXv ]oUmw ]nXp¿t±m-j-a-cnw N tcmKw Imaw aZw Xky Xp k]vX-ta ZpxJw arXnw arXypKr-lmØZm-bpx. (24) ]pWyw ip`w XXv]n-Xcw ipt` hym]m-c-a-sskyh ln I¿Ω-`m-hmXv em`w lyp]m-¥ymXv £b-a-¥y-`m-hm˛ ®{μm-Zn-Immw ^e-ta-h-am-lpx. 1. kqcy-kvYn-X¿£m P--I-kz-cq]w - ˛ kqcy≥ nev°p∂ `mhwsIm≠v A—s‚ cq]w 2. hr≤nx Zzn-Xo-tb ˛ AXns‚ ASpØ `mhwsIm≠v A—s‚ [-hr-≤nbpw 3. XXv {`m-Xcw Xky KpWw XrXo-bm˛ aq∂masØ- `mhw-sIm≠v A—s‚ ktlm-Z-c-∑m-scbpw KpW-tØbpw 4. X∑m-Xcw N A]n kpJw NXp¿∞m-Xv -- ˛ memw`mhwsIm≠v A—s‚ AΩ-tbbpw A—s‚ kpJtØbpw- 5. _p≤nw {]kmZw kpX-`mXv N ˛ A©mw `mhwsIm≠v A—s‚ _p≤nbpw {]kmZhpw
  • 302. 297297297 297 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 297 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 6. jjvTmXv ]nXpx ]oUmw tZm-jw Acnw N tcmKw ˛ Bdmw-`mhwsIm≠v A—s‚ D]-{Z-h-߃, tZmj-߃, i{Xp, tcmKw 7. Imaw aZw Xky Xp k]vX-ta ˛ Ggmw-`m-hw-sIm≠v A—s‚ Imaw, aZw 8. ZpxJw arXnw arXypKr-lmXv XZm-bpx.˛ F´mw-`m-hw-sIm≠v A—s‚ Bbp ,v ZpxJw, arXn F∂n-hbpw 9. ]pWyw ip`w XXv]n-Xcw ipt` ˛ HºXmw-`m-hw-sIm≠v A—s‚ ]pWyw, ip`w F∂n-hbpw A—s‚ A—-tbpw 10. I¿Ω-`m-hmXvhym]m-c-w A-sskyh ln ˛ ]Ømw-`m-hw-sIm≠v A—s‚ hym]m-chpw 11. em`w D]m-¥ymXv ˛ ]Xnsm∂mw-`m-hw-sIm≠v A—s‚ em`hpw --12. £b-w A¥y-`m-hmXv ˛ ]{¥≠mw-`m-hw-sIm≠v A—s‚ £bhpw (mi-hpw) Nn¥n-°-Ww. N{μm-Zn-Immw ^e-w Gh-w B-lpx ˛ AΩ XpS-ßn-b-h-cpsS Imcy-߃ CXp- t]mse N{μ≥ XpS-ßnb Imc-I-{K-l-ß-sf- s°m≠p ]d-b-Ww. (25) XØ-¤m-hmXv Imc-Im-tZ-h-aqlyw XØ-∑m-Xr-{`m-Xr-]n-{Xm-fl-PmZyw Xkvan≥ `mth ImctI `mh-mtY hotcym-t]tX Xky `mhky kuJyw. 25 XØ-¤m-hmXv ˛ AXmXv `mh-ßsf-s°m≠pw Imc-Im-Xv ˛ Imc-I-{Kl-ß-sf-s°m≠pw- XØXv ˛ PmX-Is‚ -am-Xr- ˛ AΩ {`m-Xr ˛ ktlm-Z-c≥ -]n-{X ˛ A—≥ B-fl-PmZyw ˛ a°ƒ XpS-ßnbhsb√mw Gh-w Dulyw ˛ C{]-Im-cw Nn¥n®p ]d-b-Ww. Xkvan≥ ˛ CXn¬ `mth ˛ `mhw ImctI ˛ Imc-I≥ `mh-mtY ˛ `mh-m-Y≥ (C-h-bn¬) hotcym-t]tX ˛ _e-ap≈tXtXm Xky ˛ AXns‚ `mhky ˛ `mh-Ønv kuJyw ˛ kuJyw (^e-Zm--tijn) D≠m-Ipw.
  • 303. ^eZo]nI 298 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (26) [¿tΩ kqcyx ioX-Kp¿∫-‘p-`mth iutcy `uax ]©ta tZh-a{¥o Imta ip{I-›m-jvSta `mp-]p{Xx Ipcym-Øky t¢i-anXymlpc-ty. [¿tΩ kqcyx ˛ Hº-Xnse kqcy≥ ioX-Kpx _‘p-`mth ˛ men¬ N{μ≥ iutcy `uax ˛ aq∂n¬ IpP≥ ]©ta tZh-a{¥o ˛ A©n¬ hymgw Imta ip{I ˛ Ggn¬ ip{I≥ AjvSta `mp-]p{Xx ˛ F´n¬ in Ipcym-Xv Xky t¢iw ˛ Ch AXmXp `mh-߃°p t¢i-ap≠m°psa∂p CXn Blpx Aty ˛ thsd Nne¿ ]d-bp-∂p. (Imc-I-{Klw `m-h-Øn¬ n¬°p-∂Xp `mh--Ønp √-X√.) (27) et·-iztcm b¤-h-t-i-bpt‡m b¤m-h-K-kvXky ^ew ZZmXn `mth XZoti _e-`mPn tX `mth kuJyw hykw _tem-t. et·-izcx ˛ e·m-[n-]≥ b¤-h-t-i-bpt‡m ˛ GXp `mhm-[n-]-s‚-Iq-sS-bmtWm n¬°p-∂Xv b¤m-h-Kx- ˛ (A-s√-¶n¬) GXp `mh-Øn-emtWm n¬°p-∂Xv Xky Xky ˛ AXm-Xns‚ (B `mhm[n]s‚ / `mh-Øns‚) ^ew ZZmXn ˛ ^ew Xcp-∂p. (-_ew h¿≤n∏n-°p-∂p.) `mth XZoti ˛ B `mh-Ønpw AXns‚ mYpw _e-`mPn tX ˛ _eap-s≠-¶n¬ `mth kuJyw ˛ B `mhw ip`-^ew (¬Ip-∂p). hykw _tem-t. ˛ _e-an-s√-¶n¬ hykw (Zp-J-^-e-hpw) D≠mIp∂p. (e-·m-[n-]-_-‘w-am{Xw t]mcm, kz¥-amb ASn-ÿm--_-ew-Iq-Sn- th-W-sa-∂¿∞w.) (28) b¤m-h-{]-`pWm bptXm _e-hXm apJymw-KtKm e·]x XXv`mhm-p-`hw ip`w hnX-ptX b¤m-h-K-kvXky N kwbpt‡m _e-lo--`m-h-]-Xnm nμym-wK-`mPm ^ew Ipcym-Ø-Zzn-]-co-X-ta-h-ap-ZnXw k¿thjp `mth-jz-]n.
  • 304. 299299299 299 A≤ymbw 15 -(`mh-Nn-¥) 299 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1 apJymw-KtKm e·]x ˛ e·m-[n-]v AjvS-h¿§-_e-ap≈ `mh-Øns‚ m-Y≥ `m-h-{]-`pWm bptXm _e-hXm ˛ _e-hm-mbn e·m-[n-]-s‚-IqsS n¬°p-∂p- sh-¶n¬ XXv`mhm-p-`hw ip`w hnX-ptX ˛ B `mh-Øns‚ Ap-`hw ip`-am-Ip-∂p. 2 bXv `m-h-K-x Xky N ˛ GXp `mh-Øn-emtWm Cßns n¬°p-∂Xv, AXn-s‚- Ap-`hhpw ip`-am-Ip-∂p. 3 kwbpt‡m _e-lo--`m-h-]-Xnm nμym-wK-`mPm ˛ Zp¿∫-e-mb `mhm-[n-]-s‚- IqsS AjvS-h¿§-_-e-an-√mØ e·m-[n-]≥ n∂m¬ ^ew Ipcym-Xv XXv hn-]-co-X-w G-hw -D-ZnXw ˛ ^ew hn]-co-X-am-bn-cn-°pw. k¿thjp `mth-jp A]n. ˛ F√m `mh-ß-sf-s°m≠pw Cßs Nn¥n-°-Ww . (29) Zpxÿm--]-kvX-Zn-X-c-kz-Kr-l-ÿn-X-t›Xv kzt£-{X-`m-h-^-e-tah ItcmXn myw atμm artK kpX-Krtl bZn ]p{X-kn≤nx jjvTm-[n-]-Xy-Ir-X-tZm-j-^ew Nm{X. Zpxÿm--] X-Xv -C-X-c -kz-Kr-l- ÿn-X-t›Xv ˛ Zpÿm-m-[n-]≥ (6-˛8-˛12 `mhm-[n-]≥) Xs‚ as‰mcp cmin-bmb kzt£-{X- Øn¬ n¬°p-tºmƒ kzt£-{X-`m-h-^-e-w Gh ItcmXn Ayw ˛ n¬°p∂ t£{X-Øns‚ ^e-a-√msX as‰ `mh-Øns‚ (Zpÿm-Øns‚) ^ew ¬IpIbn-√. DZm-l-c-W-Øn-v:--:˛˛ atμm artK kpX-Krtl bZn ]p{X-kn≤nx ˛ in aI-c-Øn¬, A©n¬, (n¬°p∂p) F¶n¬ ]p{X-em`w (D≠mIpw); jjvTm-[n-]-Xy-Ir-X-tZm-j-^ew N A{X ˛ Bdmw `mhm-[n-]-Xyw- sIm≠p≈ tZm-j^ew D≠m-In-√. I∂n e·-Ønp aIcw A©mw`mhhpw Ip`w Bdmw`mhhpw BW-t√m. A©pw Bdpw `mh-ß-fpsS A[n-]Xn Htc {Klw (i-n) Xs∂. A©n¬ n¬°p∂ in A©mw`mhm-[n-]Xn F∂ nebv°p≈ √ ^ea-√m-sX, Bdmw `mhm-[n-]Xn F∂ ne -bv°p≈ tZmjw sNøpIbn-√ F∂p kmcw.
  • 305. ^eZo]nI 300 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (30) cmiu ÿnXn¿ΩntYm tbmtKm ZrjvSn tIt{μjp kwÿnXnx {XntImtW hm ÿnXnx ]©˛ {]Imtcm _‘ Cucn-Xx. 1. cmiu ÿnXnx antYm ˛ ]c-kv]cw cmin amdn n¬°pI 2. tbmtKm ˛ H∂n®p n¬°pI, 3. ZrjvSn ˛ ]c-kv]cZrjvSn 4. tIt{μjp kwÿnXn ˛ ]c-kv]cw tI{μØn¬ n¬°pI, 5. {XntImtWÿnXn ˛ ]c-kv]cw {XntIm-W-Øn¬ ÿnXn ]©{]Imtcm ˛ (Cßs) A©p {]Im-c-Øn¬ _‘ Cucn-Xx ˛ {Kl-_‘w ]d-b-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.
  • 306. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 301 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 16 `mh^ew hnjbhnhcw 1. icoc{]IrXn, ndw, AwKß-fpsS KpW-tZm-j-߃ 2˛14 e·m[n]≥apX¬ ]{¥≠mw`mhm[n]≥hscbp≈hcpsS ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ 15. `mhkn≤nImew (1) e·hmwi]XpeyXpx kym-˛ ZzocybpX{KlXpeyXp¿hm N{μktaXhmwi]h¿vWx ImZnhne·hn`‡`Km{Xx 1. icoc{]IrXn, ndw, AwKß-fpsS KpW-tZm-j-߃ 1. e·hmwi]XpeyXpkymXv ˛ e·hmwiw hcp∂ cmin-bpsS mYs hocybpX{KlXpeyXpx hm ˛ As√¶n¬ PmX-I-Ønse _e-°q-Sp-Xep≈- {KlØns Ap-k-cn-®m-bn-cn°pw icoc {]IrXn.* * as‰mcp hymJymw: PmX-Iv e·m-[n-]-s‚tbm e·--hmw-im-[n-]-s‚tbm {]Ir-Xn-bv°-p-k-cn® tZl-am-Wp≠m- hp-I 2. N{μktaX hmwi] h¿vWx ˛ N{μhmwiw hcp∂ cminbpsS mYp ]d-™n-´p-≈-Xm-bn-cn°pw ndw. 3 ImZnhne·hn`‡n`Km{Xx ˛ ImemwKmZn (1::4) hnhcW{]Imcw Hmtcm cminbnepw n¬°p∂ {Kl߃°pkcn ®mbncn°pw AhbhßfpsS KpWtZmj߃ (2) et·ti tI{μtImtW kv^pSIcnItc tkzm®t` hm kzt` hm tI{μmZy{X kwtÿ n[`ht] kuaybpt‡ hnet·
  • 307. ^eZo]nI 302 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly Zo¿Lmbpjvam≥ [mtVym alnXKpWbptXm `qan]me{]ikvtXm e£ohm≥ kpμcmwtKm ZrVXpc`tbm [m¿ΩnIx kXvIpSpw_o. 2. e·m[n]pw e·-Ønpw _e-ap-s≠-¶n¬ et·ti ˛ e·m[n]≥ 1. tI{μ tImtW -˛ tI{μØntem, {XntImWØntem kv^pSIcnItc ˛ civan_etØmsStbm tkzm®t` hm kzt` hm ˛ D®Øntem kzt£{XØntem n¬°pIbpw 2. n[`ht] ˛ F´mw`mhm[n]≥ tI{μmXv Ay{X kwtÿ ˛ tI{μa√mØ `mh-Øn¬ n¬°pIbpw 3. kuaybpt‡ hnet· ˛ e·Øn¬ ip`{Klap≠mhpIbpw sNbvXm¬, ^ew: Zo¿Lmbpjvam≥ ˛ Zo¿Lmbp v [mtVym --˛ [nI≥ alnXKpWbptXm ˛ h¿≤n® KpWßtfmSpIqSnbh≥ `qan]me {]ikvtXm ˛ cm-Pm-hn-s-t∏mse {]i-kvX-≥ e£ohm≥ ˛ sFizcyap≈h≥ kpμcmwtKm ˛ kuμcyap≈h≥ ZrVXp ˛ Dd® icocap≈h≥ A`tbm ˛ `ban√mØh≥ [m¿ΩnI ˛ [m¿ΩnI≥ kXvIpSpw_o ˛ √ IpSpw_tØmSpIqSnbh≥ 3. e·m[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (3) kXvkw_‘bptX Itf_c]Xu kZv{Kmahmtkm f Yhm kXvkwKx {]_e{KtlW klntXm hnJymX`q]m{ibx tkzm®tÿ r]Xnx kzbw kzKrltK X÷∑`qau kvYnXnx k©mc›ct` ÿnXnx ÿncKrtl Zzμw hncq]w ^ew. (4) hnJymXx InctWmPzte Xp]Xu kptÿ kpJo h¿≤tm Zpxtÿ ZpxJkZr£oN`ht (1) hmtkm nIrjvSÿte kzÿw PohXn i‡naXypZbt` h¿≤njvWpcq¿Pkztem n»‡u nltXm ZznjZv`nckIrXv Jnt∂m `thZmXpcx. (1) ]mTt`Zw: aqV k]Xv oN `ht
  • 308. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 303 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly Itf_c]Xu ˛ e·m[n]≥ 1, kXvkw_‘bptX -˛ ip`{KltbmKtØmsSbmWp n¬°p∂sX¶n¬ kZv{Kmahmtkm ˛ √ tZiØp hkn-°p-∂-h-pw AYhm ˛ As√¶n¬ kXv kwKx ˛ √-h-cp-ambn kl-hmkap-≈-hpw Bbn-cn-°pw. 2. {]_e{KtlW klntXm ˛ _e-ap≈ {KltØmSpIqsSbmWp ÿnXnsb¶n¬ hnJymX`q]m{ibx ˛ {]kn≤mb cmPmhns‚ B{inXmhpw. 3. kz D®tÿ r]Xnx ˛ D®cminbnemWp ÿnXn-sb-¶n¬ cmPmhmIpw. 4. kzKrtl XXv P∑`qau kvYnXnx -˛ kzt£{XØnemsW¶n¬ P∑tZiØp Xs∂ Pohn°pw. 5. (1) k©mc›ct` ÿnXnx ˛ NccminbnemsW¶n¬ k©cn°p∂hmbpw (2) ÿncKrtl ˛ ÿnccminbnemsW¶n¬ ÿncambn HcnSØp Ignbp∂hmbpw hcpw. (3) Zztμ Zzncq]w ^ew. ˛ D`bcminbnemsW¶n¬ c≠p kz`mhhpw ImWn°pw. 7. hnJymXx InctWmPzte Xp]Xu ˛ e·m[n]p civan_eaps≠-¶n¬ hnJymXmIpw. 8. kptÿ kpJo h¿≤tm ˛ kpÿmØv (6-˛8-˛12 Hgn-sI-bp≈ `mh-ß-fn¬) n∂m¬ kpJw Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-hpw A`n-hr≤n-bp-≈-hpamIpw. 9 Zpxtÿ ZpxJ ˛ Zpÿm- (6-˛8-˛12) -ÿnXn : ZpxJw 10 oN`ht hmtkm nIrjvSÿte˛ oNcmin-ÿnXn : nIrjvSamb ÿeßfn¬ hkn°p∂h≥ 11. i‡naXypZbt` ˛ (e-·m-[n-]≥) _ehmmbn e·Øn¬ n¬°p∂psh¶n¬ h¿≤njvWp Du¿Pkztem ˛ A`n-hr-≤n-bp-≈-h-mbn, Du¿P-kz-e-mbn
  • 309. ^eZo]nI 304 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly kzÿw PohXn ˛ kzÿ-ambn Pohn-°pw. n»‡u nltXm ZznjZv`nckIrXv Jnt∂m `thZmXpcx. ˛ e·m[n]≥ _e-c-lnXmsW¶n¬ PmXI≥ ]cm-Pn-Xpw ZpJn-Xpw tcmKnbp-am-bn-cn-°pw. 4. c≠mw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (5) A¿∞kzmann apJym`mhPpjn k’z¿t∞ IpSpw_{inbm k¿thmXvIrjvSKptWm [o N kpapJx kym±qcZ¿io cx kw_t‘ khnXp¿ZznXob]Xnm temtIm]Imc£amw hnZyma¿∞ahm]vpbmZY itx £p{Zm¬]hnZymcXx (6) ssPth sshZnI[¿Ωimkv{Xn]ptWm _ut[ f ¿∞imkvt{X ]Spx irwKmtcm‡n]Sp¿`rtKm¿lnacptNx In©nXvIemhnZv `thXv IutP {IqcIem]Sp› ]niptm cmlu ÿntX temlfx tIXu `iyZfoIhmKv [KssXx ]mss]› aqtVm f [x. 1 A¿∞kzmano -˛ c≠mw`mhm[n]≥ (1) apJy`mhPpjn, ˛ kpÿmßfn¬ n∂mepw (2) k’p A¿t∞ - ˛ ip`∑m¿ c≠n¬ n∂mepw IpSpw_{inbm ˛ PmXI≥ IpSpw_{iotbmsS k¿thmXvIrjvSKptWm ˛ k¿thmXvIrjvSamb KpWßtfmSpIqSnbhpw [o kpapJx ZqcZ¿io cx ˛ [nIpw kpapJpw Zo¿LZ¿inbp ambncn°pw. 2 kw_t‘ ˛ c≠mw-`m-hm-[n-]p kqcy≥ XpS-ßnb {Kl-ß-fp-ambn _‘w (15-:30) h∂m¬˛ (1). khnXpx temtIm]Imc£amw hnZymw A¿∞w Ahm]vpbmXv ˛ c≠mw`mhm[n]p kqcypambn _‘w h∂m¬ temtIm]Im{]Zamb hnZybpw, [hpw D≠m-Ipw. (2) itx £p{Zm¬]hnZymcXx ˛ inbpambn _‘w h∂m¬ £p{Zhpw n m-chpamb hnZyIfn¬ cXmIpw
  • 310. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 305 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (3) ssPth sshZnI[¿Ωimkv{Xn]ptWm ˛ ˛ hymgtØmSp _‘w h∂m¬ thZßfnepw [¿Ωimkv{Xßfnepw n]pWmIpw. (4) _ut[ f ¿Yimkvt{X ]Spx ˛ _p[pambn _‘w h∂m¬ A¿∞imkv{Xßfn¬ ka¿∞≥. (5) irwKmtcm‡n]Spx `rtKmx ˛ ip{Ipambn _‘w h∂m¬ irwKmcw ]dbp∂Xn¬ ka¿∞≥. (6) lnacptNx In©nXvIemhnZv `thXv ˛ N{μpambn _‘w h∂m¬ IemImc≥ (7) IutP {IqcIem]Sp› ]niptm ˛ IpPpambn _‘w h∂m¬ Bkpcamb IeIfn¬ ka¿∞≥, {Iqc≥ (8) cmlu ÿntX temlfx ˛ c≠mw `mhm[n]p cmlphpambn _‘w h∂m¬ sIm™≥ (hn°≥) (9) tIXu `iyZfoIhmKv ˛ tIXphpambn _‘w h∂m¬ Ifhp ]dbp∂≥. [KssXx ]mss]x aqtV A[x. ˛ ]m]{Kl-߃ c≠n¬ n∂m¬ aqVpw Zcn{Zpw Bbncn°pw. 5. aq∂mw `mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (7) _t‘m bZn kymØpiucymYtbm˛ ctymycminÿnXtbm¿∫emVytbmx ss[cyw N iucyw klPmpIqeXmw {]m]vtmXybw kmlkImcyI¿XrXmw. (8) iucyt] Xp _enkZv{Klbpt‡ ImctI f ]n ip``mhapt]tX {`mXrhr≤ncY hocyhnlot ZpxÿntX `hXn tkmZcmiw. (9) Abp‹cmiu bZn ImctIiu Kp¿h¿I`qkqp nco£nXu tNXv
  • 311. ^eZo]nI 306 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly HmtPm Krlx kymZyZn hn{IamJyx ]pw{`mXckvXzwihimZv `thbpx.* 1 _emVytbmx˛ ˛ _ehm∑cmb XpiucymYtbm ˛ e·m[n]pw aq∂mw`mhm[n]pw AtymycminkvYnXtbmx ˛ ]ckv]cw cmin amdnbp≈ _t‘m ˛ _‘tØmsS (15-:30) n∂m¬ ss[cyw iucyw klPmpIqeyXmw {]m]vtmXybw kmlkImcyI¿XrXmw. ˛ ss[cyw, iucyw, ktlmZcKpWw, kmlk{]h¿ØnIƒ Ch ^ew. 2. iucyt] Xp _en ˛ aq∂mw`mhm[n]≥ _eimenbmbn, kZv{Klbpt‡ ˛ ip`cpambn _‘tØmsS Ccn°pIbpw, ImctI A]n ip``mhapt]tX ˛ `mhImcI≥ (IpP≥) ip``mhØn¬ n¬°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ `mXrhr≤ncY ˛ ktlmZc߃°v A`nhr≤nbp≠mIpw. hocyhnlot, ZpxÿnXu, ˛ aq∂mw`mhm[n]≥ _ean√msX ZpÿmØp n∂m¬ `hXn tkmZcmiw. ˛ ktlmZcmiw ^ew. 3 (1) ImctIiu Abp‹cmiu ˛ ImcIpw aq∂mw`mhm[n]pw HmPcminbn¬ -n¬°pI (2) Kpcp A¿° `qkqp nco£nX˛ hymgw, kqcy≥, IpP≥ ChcpsS ZrjvSn D≠mhpI (3) HmtPm Krlx bZn hn{IamJyx ˛ aq∂mw`mhw HmPcminbmhpI (F¶n¬) ]pw{`mXckvXp .. `thbp ˛ ktlmZc∑m¿ D≠mIpw. * Awi-h-imXv `thbpx F∂Xv c≠p Xc-Øn¬ hymJym-n-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. 1. ImcIpw aq∂mw`mhm[n]pw HmPcminbn¬ -n¬°pIbpw Awin-°p-Ibpw thWw- 2. hmw-iw- A-p-k-cn®v (sN∂ hmw-i-w kqNn-∏n-°p-∂{X) ktlm-Z-c-∑m¿ D≠mIpw . 6. memw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (10) Zpÿmt kpJt] iiny]n kXmw tbmtK£ssW¿h¿PntX ]m]m¥x ÿnXnaXykZv{KlbptX ZrjvtS Pymx arXnx GXu Zzmh]n hocyKu ip`bpXu ZpjvSu ipss`¿_‘pssK¿˛
  • 312. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 307 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly ΩmXpx kuJyIcu hnt[m› kpJssKx kussay¿htZØ’pJw. (11) et·ti kpJtK f Yhm kpJ]Xu et· Xtbmco£tW tbmtK hm iinkvXYm bZn Itcm˛ Xy¥ymw kzamXpx {Inbmw Atymyw bZn i{XpoN`ht jjvTmjvSta hm Xtbm¿˛ amXr¿t∂m f ]n ItcmXn mikatb _‘kvXtbm¿hm tNXv. (12) amXr`mthm‡hZzmNyw ]nXr{`mXrkpXmZnjp `mhImcI`mthssi¿e·et·izssc¿ htZXv. (13) kpÿu kptJi`rKpPu Xp_‘pbp‡m˛ hmtμmfnImw P]tZizcXmw hn[Øx kz¿WmZy¿LaWn`qjW]´iøm˛ Imtam]t`mKIcWmn N tKmKPmizm≥. (14) Zptÿ kptJti IpPkqcybpt‡ kptJ f ]n hm P∑Krlw {]ZKv≤w Po¿Æw XtamaμbptX f cnbpt‡ ]ssc¿lrXw tKm£nXnhmlmZyw 1. (1) Zpÿmt kpJt] ˛ memw`mhm[n]≥ ZpÿmØp (6˛8-˛12) n¬°pI (2) iinn A]n kXmw tbmK Cu£ssW h¿PntX ˛ N{μv ip`cpsS ZrjvSntbm tbmKtam C√mXncn°pI (3) ]m]m¥xÿnXhXykZv{Kl bptXZrjvtS * ˛ N{μv ]m]a≤yÿnXn, ]m]tbmKw, ]m]ZrjvSn Ch D≠mhpI, F¶n¬ Pymx arXnx ˛ amXracWw ^ew. 1. * ae-bm-f-hym-Jym--ß-fn¬ CXns AXnAkZv{KlbptX ZrjvtS Fs∂SpØvv AXn]m-]-tbm-Kw, AXn-]m-]-ZrjvSn F∂v A¿∞w sImSp-Øn-cn°p∂p. amXr-Im-c-I-mb Nμv ]m]-_‘w h∂m¬Øs∂ AXp amXm-hnp tZmj-am-Ipw. Xs∂-b-√, ]m]-s-∂-√m
  • 313. ^eZo]nI 308 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly sX AXn-]m-]s∂ {]tbmKw km[mcWhpa-√. 2. apI-fn¬ ]d™ aq∂p Imcy-߃, shtΔsd F∂√ Hcp-an®v FSp-Ømepw, amXr- a-cWw Dd∏n®p ]d-bm-m-hn-√ F∂v Adn-bmØ Bf√ at{¥-iz-c≥. memw-`m-hm-[n-]pw amXr-Im-c-Ipw Hcp-t]mse Zp¿∫-e-cm-bn-cp-∂m¬ AXv amXr-Kp-W-tØtbm, amXm-hns‚ Bbp-  n-s-Ø-s∂tbm, _m[n°mw F∂-XmWv ASn-ÿm Bi-bw. 2. GXu Zzmh]n ˛ memw`mhm[n]pw N{μpw (1) hocyKu ip`bpXu ZrjvSu ˛ _e-hm-∑m-cmbn ip`-{K-l-tbmKtØmsS / ip`{KlZrjvSntbmsS n¬°pI (2) ipss` _‘pssK ˛ memw`mhØn¬ ip`{Kl߃ n¬°pI amXpx kuJyIcu ˛ F¶n¬, amXmhnv kuJyamWv. hnt[m› kp`ssKx kussayx ˛ N{μn¬n∂p kpÿm--ß-fn¬ ip`¿ n∂mepw htZXv X’pJw ˛ amXmhns‚ kuJysØ ]dbWw. 3. et·ti kpJtK ˛ e·m[n]≥ men¬ AYhm kpJ]Xu et· ˛ As√¶n¬ memw`mhm[n]Xn e·Øn¬ Xtbmco£tW ˛ Ch-cpsS (]ckv]c) ZrjvSn, tbmtK ˛ (Ch-¿ XΩn¬) tbmKw hm iinx XYm ˛ As√¶n¬ Ch¿ N{μs‚ IqsS n¬°pI F¶n¬ ItcmXy¥ymw kzamXpx {Inbmw ˛ amXmhns‚ A¥y{InbIƒ sNøm≥ Ign-bpw . 4. Atymyw -˛ Ah¿ (e·m[n]pw memw`mhm[n]pw) ]ckv]cw i{XpoN`ht ˛ i{Xpt£{XØntem oNcminbntem jjvTmjvSta hm Xtbmx ˛ Bdv, F´v ÿmßfntem n¬°pI _‘x Xtbmx hm tNXv. ˛ Ah¿ XΩn¬ _‘w C√mXncn°pI Cßs h∂m¬ amXrx A]n ItcmXn mikatb˛ amXm-hns‚ ac-W-k-a-bØp tij-{In-b-Iƒ sNøm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. 5. amXr`mh D‡hXv hmNym ˛ amXr`mhsØ°pdn®p ]d™Xpt]mse ]nXr `mXr kpXmZnjp ˛ ]nXr`mhw, ktlmZc`mhw, ]p{X`mhw XpSßnbhbpw mh ImcI `mthssix ˛ `mhw, `mh-Im-c-I≥, `mhm[n]≥, Chscs°m≠pw (Ah¿°p) e·et·izssc¿ htZXv. ˛ e·hpw, e·m[n]pam-bp≈ _‘w-
  • 314. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 309 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly ]cn-K-Wn®pw ]dbWw. 6. kptJi `rKpPu -˛ memw`mhm[n]pw ip{Ipw kpÿu ˛ kpÿmßfn¬ n∂mepw Xp_‘pbp‡m ˛ e·Øntem mentem n∂mepw BtμmfnImw P]tZizcXmw ˛ ]√°v, cmPXzw, kz¿WmZn A¿LaWn`qjW]´iøm˛kz¿Æw XpSßnbh, hne]nSn® cXv߃, B`cW߃, InS°, Imtam]t`mKIcWmn N ˛ Imtam]t`mKhkvXp°ƒ, tKmKPmizm≥. ˛ ]ip°ƒ, BIƒ, IpXncIƒ XpSßnbh D≠mIpw. 7. Zptÿ kptJti -˛ memw`mhm[n]Xn ZpÿmØv ÿnXn IpPkqcybpt‡ ˛ As√¶n¬ IpPpw kqcypambn tbmKw kptJ]n hm ˛ men¬ IpPpw kqcypw n¬°pI Chbps≠¶n¬ P∑Krlw {]ZKv≤w ˛ P∑Krlw IØnt∏mIpw. 8. XtamaμbptX ˛ (memw`mhm[n]Xn°v) in˛cmlp°tfmSv _‘w h∂m¬ (P∑Krlw) Po¿Æw ˛ P∑-Krlw Po¿Æmhÿbnep≈Xmbn-cn-°pw. 9 Acnbpt‡ ˛ (memw`mhm[n]Xn) i{Xp°tfmSpIqSn ∂m¬ tKm£nXnhmlmZyw ˛ ]ip°fpw `qanbpw hmlßfpsams° ]ssc¿lrXw ˛ h√hcpw sIm≠pt]mIpw. 7 A©mw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (15) kuay¿£mwti kuaybpt‡ ]©ta hm XZoiztc sshtijnImwti kZv`mth [oam∂njvI]So `thXv ]©ta ˛ A©mw-`mhw kuay¿£mwti ˛ ip-`-{K-l-Øns‚ cmin-tbm
  • 315. ^eZo]nI 310 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly kuaybpt‡ ˛ ip`AwiItam kuaybpt‡ ˛ ip`tmSpIqSntbm BhpI; hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ XZoiztc ˛ A©mw`mhm[n]≥ sshtijnImwti ˛ sshtijnImwiØnepw* kZv`mth ˛ ip``mhßfnepw -n¬°pItbm sNbvXm¬ [oam≥ njvI]So `thXv ˛ _p≤nimenbpw I]San√mØhpw Bbn `hn°pw. * ^e-Zo-]nI aq∂mw A≤ymbw Ggmw-t«m-I-Øn¬ ]d-bp∂ DØ-amwiw XpS-ßn-b-h- bmWv sshti-jn-Imw-i-߃. 8. Bdmw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (16) ÿnXnx ]m]mmw hm ZznjZn _ebp‡mcn]Xnm bptXm hm ZrjvtSm hm bZn cn]p{Ktl hm Acoix tIt{μ hm]yip`JKkwho£nXbptX cn]qWmw ]oUmw {ZmKv`ria]cnlcymw hnXptX. (17) jjvtTizcmZXn_enypZbm[nmtY kuay{KlmwiklntX ip`ZrjvSnbpt‡ kutJyiztc f ]n k_te bZn tI{μtImtW˛ jzmtcmKy`mKyklntXm ZrVKm{Xbp‡x. (18) i{XpmtY Xp Zpxÿmt oNaqVmcnkwbptX XkvamZv_emtVy et·ti i{Xpmiw cn]u(1) ipt`. ]mTt`Zw: (1) chu ipt` ˛ Hº-Xn¬ kqcy≥ (19) bZv`mthibptXm sshcnmtYm bZv`mhkw{inXx jjvTÿntXm bZv`mthix kvtX `mhmip`Xmw bbpx. 1 1. ]m]mmw ZznjZn ÿnXnx ˛ Bdn¬ ]m]{Kl߃ n¬°pI 2. Xp]Xnx _ebp‡ Acn]Xnm bptXm ZrjvtSm ˛ e·m[n]p _ehmmb Bdmw`mhm[n]s‚
  • 316. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 311 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly tbmKtam ZrjvSntbm D≠mhpI, 3. cn]p{Ktl Xp]Xnx ˛ e·m[n]≥ Bdn¬ n¬°pI, 4. Acoix tIt{μ ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]≥ tI{μØn¬ n¬°pI 5. Aip` JK ho£nX bptXm ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]v ]m]{KlßfpsS ZrjvSntbm tbmKtam D≠mhpI Ch-sb-√mw-Xs∂ cn]qWmw ]oUmw {ZmKv`ria]cnlmcymw ˛]cn-lm-c-an-√msX F°m-ehpw XpS-cp∂ i{Xp-i-eysØ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. 2 DZbm[nmtY ˛ e·m[n]≥ 1 jjvtTizcmXv AXn_enn ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]t°mƒ _eap≈hmbncn°pI 2 kuay{KlmwiklntX ˛ ip`{KlßfpsS cminbn¬ Awin°pI 3 ip`ZrjvSnbpt‡ ˛ ip`{KlßfpsS ZrjvSntbm tbmKtam D≠mhpI . 4 kutJyiztc k_te ˛ memw`mhm[n]≥ _ehmmbn tI{μtImtWjp ˛ tI{μØntem {XntImWØntem n¬°pI F¶n¬ BtcmKy`mKyklntXm ZrVKm{Xbp‡x.˛ BtcmKyw, `mKyw, ZrVKm{Xw Ch-bp-≈-hmbncn°pw. 3 1 i{XpmtY Zpxÿmt ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]p ZpÿmÿnXn, oNaqVmcnkwbptX ˛ oNw, auVyw, i{Xp{KltbmKw (XpS-ßnb _e-°p-d-hp-Iƒ) D≠mhpI . 2 XkvamXv _emtVy et·ti ˛ et·iv Bdmw `mhm[n]t°mƒ _eap≠m-hpI 3 cn]u ipt` ˛ B-dn¬ ip`-∑m¿ n¬°pI i{Xpmiw ˛ Ch i{Xp-m-isØ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. 4. 1 bZv`mthibptXm sshcnmtYm ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]s‚ IqsS n¬°p∂ {Klhpw (B {KlØnv B[n]-Xy-ap≈ `mh-hpw) 2. bZv`mhkw{inXx ˛ Bdmw`mhm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ B `mhhpw 3. jjvTÿntXm XZv`mthix ˛ Bdmw`mhØn¬ n¬°p∂p {Klhpw (A-Xns‚ `mh-hpw) tX `mhmip`Xmw bbpx. ˛ Aip`sØ {]m]n°p∂p. (Zp¿∫-e-am-Ip-∂p.) Bdmw-`mhw Zpÿm--am-b-Xn-m¬ AXp-amtbm AXns‚ `mhm-[n-]-p-amtbm D≈ _‘w a‰p `mh-ß-tfbpw Ahbp-ambn _‘s∏´ {Kl-ß-tfbpw Aip-`-I-c-am-°p∂p F∂p Npcp-°w.
  • 317. ^eZo]nI 312 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly 9. Ggmw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (20) kXv kw_‘bptX k]vX¿t£ XZoti _emzntX ]Xn ]p{XhXo km[zo `mcym k¿hKpssW¿hyXm. kXv kw_‘bptX k]vX¿£ ˛ Ggmw`mhw ip`{KltØmsSbpw XZoti _emzntX ˛ Ggmw`mhm[n]≥ _ehmmbpw Ccp∂m¬ ]Xn ]p{XhXo km[zo `mcym ˛ `mcy ]Xn{hXbpw ]p{Xcp≈hfpw k¿hKpssW¿hyXm. ˛ kº∂bpambncn°pw. 10. F´mw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (21) tI{μmZy{X ct{‘ti et·im±p¿_te kXn hym[n¿∂ hnLvw t¢iw rWmambp›ncw `thXv. tI{μmZy{X ct{‘ti ˛ F´mw`mhm[n]≥ tI{μßsfmgn®p≈ ÿmßfn¬ n¬°pI; et·imx Zp¿_te kXn ˛ F´mw`mhm[n]v e·m[n]t°mƒ _ew Ipd™ncn°pI; F¶n¬ hym[nx hnLvw t¢iw ˛ hym[nbpw hnLvhpw t¢ihpw D≠mIn√. rWmambp›ncw `thXv ˛ apjyp Zo¿Lmbp v D≠m-hp-I-bpw sNøpw. 11 HºXmw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (22) [¿ta IptP hm kqtcy hm Zptÿ X∂mbtI kXn ]m]a≤yKtX hm f ]n ]nXracWmamZntiXv. (23) Znhm kqtcy nim atμ kptÿ ip`nco£ntX [¿tati _ekwbpt‡ Nncw Po]Xn XXv]nXm. (24) in¿`mKym[n]x kymt®®-ctÿm ipt`-£nXx kqtcym Zpÿm--tK f -]y-y -f ]n-Xcw lyp]-Po-h-Xn. (25) aμmctbmx ioXcpNu N kqtcym {XntImWtK X÷o ]nXr`ymw
  • 318. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 313 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly Xyt‡m `th—{I]ptcmlntX ZrjvtS XqtP0 f kvXn kpJo Nncmbpx (26) [¿ta XZoti hm aμbpt‡ ZrjvtS f ]n hm Ntc PmtXm ZtØm `th∂qw hytbti _eimenn. 1 [¿ta IptP hm kqtcy ˛ HºXn¬ IpPtm kqcytm n¬°pItbm hm Zptÿ X∂mbtI kXn ˛ HºXmw`mhm[n]Xn ZpÿmØp {6-˛8-˛12) n¬°pItbm ]m]a≤yKtX hm ˛ HºXmw`mhm[n]Xn°p ]m]a≤yÿnXn hcpItbm (sNbvXm¬) ]nXracWw BZntiXv. ˛ ]nXracWw ]dbWw. 2 Znhm kqtcy nim atμ ˛ ]I¬ PØn¬ kqcypw cm{XnPØn¬ inbpw kptÿ ip`nco£ntX ˛ ip`ÿmßfn¬ ip`ZrjvSntbmsS n¬°pIbpw [¿tati _ekwbpt‡ ˛ HºXmw`mhm[n]p _eap≠mbncn°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ Nncw Po]Xn XXv]nXm. ˛ PmXIs‚ ]nXmhnp Zo¿Lmbp p≠mIpw 3 in `mKym[n]x Nctÿm ˛ in HºXmw`mhm[n]mbn Nccminbn¬, ipt`£nXx ˛ ip`ZrjvSnbn√msX n¬°pI kqtcym ZpxÿmtK ˛ kqcy≥ ZpÿmØp n¬°pI Ay]nXcw ln D]PohXn ˛ F¶n¬, Ay]nXmhns B{ibnt°≠n hcpw. 4 ioXcpNu N kqtcym ˛ N{pw kqcypw aμmctbmx XntImWtK ˛ inIpP∑mcpsS {XntImWØn¬ n∂m¬ X÷o ]nXr`ymw Xyt‡m `thXv ˛amXm]nXm°fm¬ Dt]£n°s∏Spw. i{I]ptcmlntX ZrjvtS ˛ hymgZrjvSnbps≠¶n¬ XqP kpJo Nncmbpx AkvXn ˛ B ]p{X≥ kpJnbmbpw Zo¿Lmbp mbpw Pohn°pw 5 [¿tΩ XZoti hm aμbpt‡ ˛ HºXmw`mhØntem Hº-Xmw-`m-hm-[n-]-s‚- IqsStbm in- n¬°pI ZrjvtS]n hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ Ah inbm¬ tm°∏SpI Ntc ˛ HºXmw`mhw NccminbmhpI
  • 319. ^eZo]nI 314 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly hytbti _eimenn. ˛ ]{¥≠mw`mhm[n]Xn _ehmmbncn°pI F¶n¬ PmtXm ZtØm `thXv qw ˛ PmX-I≥ ZØp]p{XmIpw. 12 ]Ømw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (27) `kn ip`JtKm hm XXv]Xu tIμtImtW _enn nP{Ktlmt® I¿atK e·t] hm alnX]rYpbimx kym≤¿ΩI¿Ω(1) {]hrØn¿˛ r]XnkZri`mKyw Zo¿Lambp› Xky. (1) ]mT-t`Zw : hrØ (28) Du¿Pkzo Ph√t`m ZiatK kqtcy IptP hm alXv Imcyw km[bXn {]Xm]_lpew tJi› kptÿm bZn khvym]mchXow {Inbmw hnXptX kutayjp kNv«mLnXmw I¿atÿjzlnaμtIXpjp `thZpjvI¿aImco cx. 1. `kn ip`JtKm hm ˛ ]Øn¬ ip`{Kl߃ n¬°pI XXv]Xu ˛ ]Ømw`mhm[n]≥ tI{μtImtW ˛ tI{μØntem {XntImWØntem nP{Ktlmt® ˛ kzt£{XØntem D®Øntem _enn ˛ _ehmmbn n¬°pI I¿atK e·t] hm ˛ e·m[n]≥ ]Øn¬ n¬°pI AXm-b-Xv, ]Ømw-`m-h-Øn¬ ip`{Kl-ÿn-Xnbpw e·m-[n-]ÿnXnbpw ]Ømw-`m-hm[n-]p {Kl-_ehpw Ds≠-¶n¬ alnX]rYpbimx ˛ PmXI≥ hfsc bit msS kymXv [¿ΩI¿Ω{]hrØn¿ ˛ [m¿ΩnI{]h¿ØnIƒ sNbvXv r]XnkZri`mKyw ˛ cmPmhnst∏mse `mKyhpw Zo¿Lambpx N Xky. ˛ Zo¿Lmbp pw D≈hmbn Pohn°pw . 2. ZiatK kqtcy IptP hm ˛ ]Øn¬ kqcy≥ As√-¶n¬ IpP≥ n∂m¬ Du¿Pkzo Ph√t`m ˛ i‡-mb `c-Wm-[n-Im-cnbmIpw, alXvImcyw km[bXn ˛ henb Imcy߃ km[n°pw.
  • 320. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 315 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly 3. tJi› kptÿm bZn ˛ ]Ømw`mhm[n]≥ kpÿmsW¶n¬ {]Xm]_lpew {]Xm]nbmIpw. 4. kutayjp ˛ ip`-{K-l-߃ n∂m¬ kZvhym]mchXow {Inbmw ˛ ip`I¿Ω߃ sNøp∂hpw kXv «mLnXmw ˛ kØp°fm¬ «mLn°∏Sp∂hpamIpw. 5. Aln aμ tIXpjp I¿atÿjp ˛ ]Øn¬ intbm cmlp-tI-Xp-°tfm n∂m¬ `thZpjvI¿ΩImco cx. ˛ ZpjvI¿Ω߃ sNøp∂hmIpw. 13 ]Xnsm∂mw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (29) emt`ti bZv`mhmYbpt‡m bZv`mhtK f ]n hm em`w(1) XZpcq]ky hkvXptm em`ssKc]n. (1) ]mTt`Zw: `mhw 1. emt`ti bZv`mhmYbpt‡ -˛ emt`i≥ GXp `mhmYs‚ IqsS n¬°p∂pthm 2. bZv`mhtK]n hm ˛ emt`i≥ GXp `mhØn¬ n¬°p∂pthm 3. em`ssKc]n. ˛ em`Øn¬ GsX√mw {Kl߃ n¬°p∂pthm XZpcq]ky hkvXptm ˛ AXnpkcn®p≈ hkvXp°fpsS em`ap≠mIpw. ]Xn-sm-∂mw-`m-hhpw ]Xn-sm∂mw`mhm-[n-]-p-ambn _‘-ap≈ {Kl-ßfpw `mh- ßfpw em`-Øn-s‚, hcp-am--Øns‚, hgn-Iƒ kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. 14. ]{¥≠mw`mhm[n]s‚ ÿnXn Ap-k-cn-®p≈ ^e-߃ (30) hybÿntXm bZv`mthtim hytbtim b{X XnjvTXn Xky `mhkympcq]hkvXptm miamZntiXv. hybÿntXm bZv`mthtim ˛ ]{¥≠n¬ n¬°p∂ `mhm-[n-]pw hytbtim b{X XnjvTXn ˛ ]{¥≠mw `mhm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ `mhhpw Apkcn®v Xky `mhky Apcq]hkvXptm ˛ B `mhØnv Apcq]amb hkvXp°fpsS miamZntiXv. ˛ miw ]dbWw.
  • 321. ^eZo]nI 316 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly ]{μ≠n¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl-Ønv B[n-]-Xy-ap≈ `mhhpw ]{¥≠mw `mhm-[n-]≥ n¬°p∂ `mhhpw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw mi-Øpn-s‚, Nne-hns‚, hgn-Iƒ. 15. `mhkn≤nImew (31) `mthiÿnX`mwitImWa]n hm `mhw Xp hm e·t]m et·iÿnX`mwitImWapZbw hm bmXn `mhm[n]x kwtbmtK f ]n hntemIt f ]n N XtbmkvX¤mhkn≤nw XZm {_qbmXv ImcItbmKXkvXp]tX¿√·m® N{μmZ]n. 1. `mthi ÿnX ˛- `mhmY≥ n¬°p∂ `mwi cminbptStbm AwiIØnt‚tbm tImWa]n hm ˛ {XntImWØntem `mhw ˛ `mhØntem e·t]m ˛ e·m[n]≥ hcp∂ kabtØm 2. et·iÿnX ˛ e·m[n]≥ n¬°p∂ `mwi ˛ cminbptStbm AwiIØns‚tbm tImWw ˛ {XntImWØntem DZbw ˛ e·Øntem bmXn `mhm[n]x ˛ `mhmY≥ hcp∂ kabtØm 3. Xtbm ˛ c≠p t]cpw (e-·m-[n-]pw `mh-m-Y-pw) XΩn¬ hntemIt]n N ˛ tbmK-tam ZrjvSntbm hcp∂ ka-bØpw XXv `mhkn≤nw XZm ˛ `mh-kn-≤n-bp-≠mIpw. 4. ImcItbmKXx Xp]tXx ˛ `mh-Im-c-Ipw e·m-[n-]pw XΩn¬ _‘w hcp-∂-X-p-k-cn®pw (Im-c-I≥ tKmN-c-Øn¬ e·m-[n-]≥ n¬°p∂ `mh-Øn¬ hcp- tºmgpw) `mh-kn-≤n-bp-≠mIpw. 5. {_qbmXv e·mXv N N{μmZ]n. ˛ e·mepw N{μmepw ]d-b-Ww. (CXp Nn-¥n-°-Ww.) (32) bZv`mthiÿnX¿£mwi{XntImWtÿ Kpcp¿ bZm tKmNtc Xky `mhky ^e{]m]vXnw hnn¿±tiXv.
  • 322. A≤ymbw 16 (`mh^eNn¥) 317 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly bXv `mthi ÿnXx ˛ `mthi≥ n¬°p∂ E£mwi {XntImWtÿm ˛ cminbptStbm AwiIØnt‚tbm {XntImWØn¬ Kpcpx bZm tKmNtc ˛ hymgw Nmchim¬ hcptºmƒ Xky `mhky ^e{]m]vXnw hnn¿±tiXv ˛ B `mhØns‚ ^e{]m]vXn ]d-b-Ww. (33) e·mcnmYtbmtK Xp et·im±p¿∫te chu XZm XZziKx i{Xp¿hn]coXatXm f yYm. e·mcnmYtbmtKm Xp ˛ e·m[n]pw Bdmw-`m-hm-[n]pw XΩn¬ (tKmN-c-Øn¬) tbmKap≠mhpIbpw et·im±p¿∫te chu ˛ chnbv°p e·m[n]t°mƒ _ew Ipd™ncn°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ XZm XZziKx i{Xp ˛ i{Xp°ƒ PmXIs‚ A[oXbnemIpw. ¿hn]coXatXm f yYm. ˛ hn]coXambm¬ PmXI≥ ]cm[oX bnepamIpw. (34) bZv`mh]ky Xp]ky `hXycnXzw XXvImei{XphitXm f cnarXnkvYnXn¿hm kv]¿≤mw XZm hZXp tX N tKmNcÿ˛ kvXZzXv kplrXza]n kwbpXnssa{XX›. bZv`mh]ky Xp]ky `hXn AcnXzw XXvImei{XphiXx ˛ `mhm[n]pw e·m[n]pw (tKmN-c-Øn¬) XXvImei{Xp°fmIpI AcnarXnkvYnXn¿hm ˛ A√-¶n¬ (]ckv]cw) 6˛8 `mhßfn¬ hcpI kv]¿≤mw XZm hZXp tX N ˛ F¶n¬ B `mh-kw-_-‘-ambn hg°p≠mIpsa∂p ]dbWw. tKmNc⁄kvXZzXv kplrXza]n kwbpXn ssa{XXx N. ˛ ChcpsS kwtbmKhpw (XXvIme)ssa{Xnbpw aqew kulrZhpw `hn°pw. (35) et·ibZv`mh]tbmkvXp tbmtKm bZm XZm XXv^ekn≤nImex
  • 323. ^eZo]nI 318 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly `mthihotcy ip`ayYmy˛ √·m® N{μmZ]n Nn¥obw. 1 et·i bXv `mh]tbmx tbmtKm ˛ et·ipw `mhm[n]pw XΩn¬ (NmchimXv) tbmKap≠mIptºmƒ bZm XZm XXv^ekn≤nImex ˛ B `mhØns‚ ^ew e`n°pw. 2 `mthi hotcy ip`w, AyYmy ˛ `mthip _eaps≠¶n¬ ip`^ew. Cs√¶n¬ Aip`^ew. e·mXv N N{μmXv A]n Nn¥obw. ˛ e·mepw N{μmepw CXp Nn¥n°Ww.
  • 324. A≤ymbw 17 (ncymW{]IcWw) 319 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 17. ncymW{]IcWw (1) XØZv`mhmZjvStaiÿnXmwti XXv{XntImWtK hytbiÿnX`mwti hm atμ XZv`mhmiw. 1. `mhmiw hcp-∂-sX-t∏mƒ XØXv `mhmXv ˛ GsXmcp `mh-Øn-s‚bpw 1. AjvStaiÿnXmwti ˛ (AXns‚) F´mw`mhm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-bntem, Awi-I-Øntem XXv {XntImWtK ˛ Ah-bpsS {XntImWØntem hm ˛ As√¶n¬ 2. hytbi ÿnX `mwti ˛ ]{¥≠mw`mhm[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-bntem, Awi-I-Øntem (Ah-bpsS {XntImWØntem) atμ ˛ in -tKm-N-c-Øn¬ hcp-tºmƒ XZv`mhmiw ˛ B `mhØnp miap≠mIpw (B `mh-sØ-sIm-≠p≈ KpW-sam∂pw D≠m-hp-I-bn-√.) {]Xn-]m-Z--co-Xn-sIm≠pw D≈-S-°w-sIm≠pw Cu t«mIw Ign™ A≤ym-b-Ønse 31, 32 t«mI-ß-fpsS coXnbnep≈XmbXp-sIm≠v AtX hn[-Øn-emWv ChnsS A¿∞w ]d- ™n-´p-≈-Xpw. (2) ct{‘tim KpfntIm aμx Jct{Z°mWt]m f]n hm b{X XnjvTXn XZv`mwi{XntImtW chntP arXnx 2 in acWw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-sX-t∏mƒ 1. ct{‘tim ˛ AjvSam[n]Xn 2. KpfntIm ˛ KpfnI≥ 3. aμx ˛ in 4. Jct{Z°mW] A]n hm ˛ Ccp]Ønc≠mw t{Z°mWm[n]≥ b{X XnjvTXn ˛ Ch¿ FhnsS n¬°p∂pthm XZv`mwi{XntImtW ˛ B cminbntem AwiIØntem Ah-bpsS {XntImWØntem chntP ˛ in hcp∂ kabØp arXnx acWap≠mIpw.
  • 325. ^eZo]nI 320 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (3) DZyZvZrKmWmYky XYm c{‘m[n]ky N c{‘t{Z°mW]kym]n `mwitImtW Kpcu arXn (4) kzkv^pSZzmZimwti hm ct{‘iÿ hmwitI et·iÿhmwti (1) hm X{ØntImtW f ]n hm arXnx. (1) ]mT-t`Zw : et·iÿhmwti¿tI 3 hymgw acWw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-sX-t∏mƒ 1. DZyXv ZrKmWmYky ˛ e·t{Z°mWØn‚ mYt‚tbm 2. XYm c{‘m[n]ky N ˛ AjvSam[n]t‚tbm 3. c{‘t{Z°mW]kym]n ˛ Ccp-]-Øn-c-≠mw-t{Z-°m-W-mY-t‚tbm `mwitImtW Kpcu arXnx. ˛ cminbntem AwiIØntem ChbpsS {XntImWßfntem 4. kzkv^pSZzmZimwti ˛ hymgØns‚ ZzmZimwØntem 5. ct{‘iÿ hmwitI ˛ Ajvam[n]s‚ hmwiØntem 6. et·iÿhmwti hm ˛ e·m[n]s‚ hmwiØntem X{ØntImtW f ]n hm arXnx. ˛ ChbpsS {XntImWßfntem Kpcu arXnx. ˛ hymgw hcp∂ ImeØv acWap≠mIpw. 4. N{μ≥ acWw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-sX-t∏mƒ (5) c{‘{]t`m¿hm `mtm¿hm `mwitImWw KtX hn[u arXnw htZ’¿htaX√·mXv®{μmXv N Nn¥tbXv c{‘{]t`m hm ˛ AjvSam[n]s‚tbm `mtzm¿hm ˛ kqcyt‚tbm `mwitImWw ˛ cminbntem AwiIØntem {XntImWØntem KtX hn[u ˛ N{μ≥ hcp∂ kabØp arXnw htZXv k¿htaXXv. ˛ acWap≠mIpw e·mXv N{μmXv N Nn¥tbXv ˛ CXp e·wsIm≠pw N{μss°m≠pw Nn¥n°Ww.
  • 326. A≤ymbw 17 (ncymW{]IcWw) 321 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (6) et·i lo baI≠I`mwitImWw {]m]vtX f Yhm inhnlo lnamwip`mwiw bmtX Kpcu kzacWw XzY cmlplo˛ `qkqp`mwiIKpcu klP{]Wmix. 5 kza-c-Whpw ktlm-Z-c-a-c-Whpw 1. et·ilo baI≠I ˛ baI≠Ikv^pSØn¬n∂pw (26:3) e·m-[n]kv^pSw- `mwitImWw {]m]vtX ˛ Ipd®m¬ In´p∂ cminbntem AwiIØntem Ah-bpsS {XntImWßfntem, AYhm ˛ As√-¶n¬ inhnlo lnamwi ˛ N{μ-kv^p-S-Øn¬n∂pw inkv^pSw Ipd®m¬ In´p∂ cminbntem AwiIØntem Ah-bpsS {XntImWßfntem bmtX Kpcu kzacWw ˛ Kpcp hcp∂ kabØv PmXIs‚ acWw kw`hn°pw. 2 cmlplo `qkqp`mwiIKpcu ˛ IpP-kv^pSØn¬n∂pw cmlpkv^pSw Ipd®m¬ In´p∂ cminbntem AwiIØntemAh-bpsS {XntImWßfntem, Kpcp hcptºmƒ klP{]Wmix. ˛ ktlmZc≥ acn°pw (7) `mtmx I≠Ih¿PnXky `hmw˛ ti hm {XntImtW Kpcu XmtXm iyXn I≠tIm KpfnI¿˛ £mwi{XntImtW iu A¿t°mtμpKrlmwitImWKKpcu Nt{μmaμmflP˛ t£t{Xw f ti f ]yYhm {XntImWKrltK atμ Pym arXnx.
  • 327. ^eZo]nI 322 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly 6. A—s‚ acWw 1. `mu I≠Ih¿PnXky ˛ kqcykv^pS-Øn¬n∂pw baI≠Ikv^pSw Ipd®m¬ hcp∂ `hmwti hm {XntImtW ˛ cminbntem AwiIØntem AhbpsS {XntImWßfntem Kpcu ˛ hymgw hcp∂ kabØv XmtXm iyXn ˛ A—≥ acn°pw . 2. I≠tIm KpfnI ˛ KpfnIkv^pS-Øn¬n∂pw ba-I-≠Ikv^pSw Ipd-®m¬ In´p∂ cminbntem AwiIØntem AhbpsS {XntImWßfntem iu ˛ in hcptºmgpw A—≥ acn°pw. 7. AΩbpsS acWw . 1. A¿t°mtμp ˛ N{μkv^pSØn¬n∂pw kqcykv^pSw Ipd-®m¬ In´p∂ KrlmwitImWK ˛ cminbntem AwiIØntem AhbpsS {XntImWßfntem Kpcu ˛ hymgw hcp-tºmgpw 2 Nt{μmaμmflP ˛ cmlpkv^pSØn¬n∂pw N{μkv^pSw Ipd-®m¬ In´p∂ t£t{X Awti ˛ cminbntem AwiIØntem AYhm {XntImWKrltK ˛ AhbpsS {XntImWßfntem atμ ˛ in hcp-tºgpw Pym arXnx. ˛ amXmhp acn-°pw. 1Cu t«mI-Øns‚ hymJym--ß-fn¬ henb Bi-b-°pp-g∏w ImWp-∂p-≠v. (1) GXv GXn¬n∂pw Ipd-bv°-W-sa-∂-XmWv {][m- -{]-ivw. ChnsS ]d™Xns‚ tsc hn]coXamWv Cw•ojv hymJym--ß-fn¬ ImWp-∂-Xv. (2) ba-I-≠-I-kv^p-Shpw Kpfn-I-kv^p-Shpw H∂n®p Iq´-W-sa-∂mWv c≠p ae-bm-f-hym- Jym--ßfnepw ImWp∂Xv. I≠I Du KpfnI sh®p mw Ipd-bv°p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. (3) cmlp kv^pSØn¬n∂pw N{μkv^pSw Ipd-bv°-W-sa-∂Xnv Hcp ]Xn-∏n¬ ImWp-∂Xv N{μkv^pSØn¬n∂pw hymg-kv^pSw Ipdbv°W-sa∂mWv.
  • 328. A≤ymbw 17 (ncymW{]IcWw) 323 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly 8. ]p{Xmiw (8) htZXv {]Xyc£{XmYm® baI≠Iw Xy‡ym XZv`ht tImtW Kpcu ]p{Xhnmiw. v{]Xyc£{XmYmXv ˛ {]Xyc£{Xm[n-]-kv^p-S-Øn¬n∂pw baI≠Iw Xy‡ym ˛ baI≠Ikv^pSw Ipd®m¬ In´p∂ XZv`ht tImtW ˛ cminbntem (AwiIØntem) AhbpsS {XntImWßfntem Kpcu ˛ hymgw hcp-tºƒ ]p{Xhnmiw htZXv ˛ ]p{Xs‚ acWw kw`-hn-°p-sa∂p ]d-b-Ww. {]Xyc£{Xw = P∑--£-{X-Øn¬n∂pw A©masØ £-{Xw. £-{Xm-Y≥ = AizXn aIw aqew tIXp 7 F∂ ]´n-I-{]-Imcw hcp-∂ Zim-m-Y- ∑m¿ Xs∂- bmWv £-{X-m-Y-∑m¿. (19 : 2) (9) e·m¿°amμnkv^pStbmKcmti˛ c[oiztcm bZv`htm]KkvXp X{Zminkwtÿ ]pcplqXhtμy XXvtImWtK hm arXntaXn PmXx. 9. kz¥w acWw e· A¿° amμn ˛ e·w, kqcy≥, KpfnI≥ kv^pS tbmK cmti A[oiztcm ˛ Cu aq∂p kv^pSßfpw Hcp-an®p Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ cminbpsS mY≥ bXv `h D]KkvXp ˛ PkabØv GXp cmin-bn¬ n∂ncp∂pthm XXv cmin kwtÿ ˛ B cminbntem hm ˛ As√-¶n¬ XXv tImWtK ˛ AXns‚ (Aw-i-I-Øn-tem) {XntImWØntem ]pcplqXhtμy ˛ hymgw hcptºmƒ arXntaXn PmXx. ˛ PmXIp acWw kw`hn°mw.
  • 329. ^eZo]nI 324 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (10) amμnkv^ptS `mpkpXw hntim[y cmiywitImtW chntP arXnx kymXv [qamZn ]©{Kl tbmKcmin˛ t{Z°mWbmtX f ¿°kptX N arXypx 1 amμnkv^ptS `mpkpXw hntim[y ˛ KpfnIkv^pS-Øn¬n∂pw inkv^pSw Ipd®m¬ In´p∂ cmiywitImtW ˛ cmin, AwiIw, {XntImWw Chbn¬ . chntP arXnx kymXv ˛ in hcp∂ kabØp acWw D≠mIpw. 2. [qamZn ]©{Kl tbmKcmin [qamZn ]©{KlßfpsS (25-:1) kv^pSßsf Hcpan®p Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ t{Z°mWbmtX¿°kptX N ˛ t{Z°mWØn¬ in hcptºmgpw arXypx ˛ PmXI≥ acn°mw. `mpkpXw F∂Xnp c≠p aebmfw ]Xn∏pIfnepw BZnXys‚ F∂ A¿∞amWv sImSpØn´p≈Xv. (11) hne·amμnkv^pStbmK`mwiw ncymWamkw {]hZ¥n X⁄mx ncymWNt{μm KpfntIμptbmtKm e·w hne·m¿°nkptXμptbmKw. 1. hne· amμn kv^pS tbmK `mwiw ˛ e·kv^pShpw KpfnIk^pShpw Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ cmintbm AwiItam, AXm-bX,v kqcy≥ Ah-bn¬ Nmc-h-im¬ hcp∂ amkw Bbncn°pw ncymWamkw {]hZ¥n X⁄mx ˛ ncymWamkw. 2. ncymWNt{μm KpfntIμptbmtKm ˛ N{μkv^pShpw KpfnIkv^pShpw Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ cminbn¬ N{μ≥ hcp∂Xmbncn°pw ncym-W-cmin .3. e·w hne· A¿°nkpX CμptbmKw.˛ e·kv^pShpw KpfnIkv^pShpw N{μ-kv^p-Shpw* Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂Xmbn-cn°pw ncymWe·w . * CXnse N-{μ-kv^p-Shpw F∂Xv ae-bm-f-hym-Jym--ß-fn¬ ImWp∂n-√.
  • 330. A≤ymbw 17 (ncymW{]IcWw) 325 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (12) amμnkv^ptSmZnXhmwiKtX f atctUy X±zmZimwkklntX ZnmYkqu t{Z°mWtImW`ht Znt] N arXp¿˛ √t·μpamμnbpXt`iKtXmZtb kymXv. 1. amμnkv^ptSmZnXhmwiKtXatctUy˛ hymgw AXns‚ KpfnIhmwiØntem X±zmZimwiklntX ZnmYkqu˛ in KpfnIZzmZimwiØntem t{Z°mW tImW`ht Znt] N ˛ kqcy≥ KpfnIt{Z°mWØntem AXns‚ {XntImWØntem arXyp ˛ hcptºmgmbn-cn°pw ac-Ww. 2. e· Cμp amμn bpX t`i ˛ e·kv^pShpw N{μkv^pShpw KpfnI kv^pShpw Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ cminbpsS mY≥ KX DZtb ˛ n¬°p∂ cminbpw ncymWe·-am-Imw. (13) KpfnIw chnkqpw N KpWnXzm hkwJybm D`tbmsscIycmiywiKrltK chntP arXnx. KpfnIw chnkqpw N ˛ KpfnIsbpw in-sbbpw * KpWnXzm hkwJytbm ˛ HºXpsIm≠p s]cp°n D`tbmsscIy ˛ c≠pw Iq´n-bm¬ In´p∂ cmiywiKrltK ˛ cminbntem AwiIcminbntem chntP ˛ in hcp∂ kabØp arXnx. ˛ acWw kw`hn°mw. 1. chn-kqpw F∂-Xnv Hcp aebmfw ]Xn-∏n¬ BZn-Xykv^psS F∂ A¿∞-amWv sImSp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. 2. c≠p-kv^p-S-ßfpw Iq´n-bn´v Hº-Xp-sIm≠p KpWn-°-W-sa-∂mWv ae-bm-f-hym-Jym-- ߃ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. D`tbm n¬°p∂ ÿmw sh®p tm°p-tºmƒ AXp icn-b-√. (14) kv^ptS hne·mYky hntim[y baI≠Iw X{Zmin h`mKtÿ Poth arXyp¿ kwibx. 413
  • 331. ^eZo]nI 326 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly kv^ptS hne·mYky ˛ e·m[n]n¬n∂pw hntim[y baI≠Iw -˛ baI≠Is Ipd®m¬ XXv cmin h`mKtÿm ˛ In´p∂ cminbntem hmwiØntem Poth ˛ hymgw hcp∂ kabØp arXypx kwibx. acWw kw`hn°pw. (15) jjvTmhkmct{‘ikv^pssSIy`hw KtX X{ØntImtWm]tK hmf ]n atμ arXy`bw rWmw. jjvT Ahkm ct{‘i ˛ 6˛12˛8 Cu `mhm[n]cpsS kv^pssSIy`hw KtX ˛ kv^pS߃ H∂n®p Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ cminbntem XXv {XntImtWm]tK hm]n ˛ AXns‚ {XntImWØntem (5, 9) atμ ˛ in hcptºmƒ arXy`bw rWmw. ˛ ap-jyp acW`bw (a-c-Ww) D≠mIpw. (16) DZy±rKmW]Xn cminKtX kptctUy Xky {XntImWa]n K—Xn hm hnmiw c{‘{Xn`mK]XnaμnctKf Y atμ {]m]vtX {XntImWaYhmky hZ¥n arXypw. 1. DZy±rKmW]Xn cminKtX ˛ e·w hcp∂ t{Z°mWØns‚ A[n]Xn cminKtX ˛ n¬°p∂ cmin-bntem Xky {XntImWa]n ˛ AXns‚ {XntIm-W-Øntem kptctUy ˛ hymgw K—Xn ˛ (Nmc-h-im¬) hcp-tºmƒ hnmiw ˛ acWw kw`-hn-°pw. 2. c{‘{Xn`mK]Xn aμnctK ˛ AjvS-a-t{Z-°m-W-]Xn * n¬°p∂ cmin-bntem {XntImWaaY ˛ AXns‚ {XntIm-W-Øntem atμ ˛ in hcp-tºmƒ hZ¥n arXypw ˛ acWw ]d-bp-∂p. *AjvSat{Z°mWØnv 1) F´m-asØ t{Z°m-W-sat∂m 2) AjvSa`mhkv^pS-w hcp∂ t{Z°m-W-sat∂m (3) AjvS-am-[n-]≥ n¬°p∂ t{Z°m-W-sat∂m Hs° A¿∞w ]d-bmw. ae-bm-f-hym-Jym--߃ CXn-s-∏‰n H∂pw ]d-bp-∂n-√. Cw•ojv hymJym--{]Imcw CXv AjvS-a-`m-h-kv^pSw hcp∂ t{Z°m-W-am-Wv. tcJmw-i-kv^p-S-ß-fp≈ e·-Ønpw
  • 332. A≤ymbw 17 (ncymW{]IcWw) 327 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly {Kl-߃°pw tlmc, t{Z°m-Ww, hmwiw XpS-ßnb h¿§-߃ ImWp∂Xpt]mse `mh- ߃°p h¿§-߃ ImWp∂ coXn km[m-c-W-a-√. e·m¬ 22-˛mw t{Z°m-W-Ønv Cu hnj- b-hp-ambn Hcp _‘-ap-≠t√m. (17 : 2). B nebv°v AjvS-a-`m-h-kv^pSw hcp∂ t{Z°mWw F∂ hymJymw icn-bp-am-Wv. (17) hne·P∑mjvSacminmYtbmx Jc{Xn`mtKizctbmkvXtbmc]n iim¶amtμymc]n Zp¿_emwiI {XntI0WtK kqcykptX arXnw `thX.v 1. hne· P∑mjvSa cminmYtbmx ˛ e·mepw N{μmepw F´mw`mhm[n]¿ 2. Jc{Xn`mtKizctbmx Xtbmc]n ˛ e·mepw N{μmepw 22˛w t{Z°mWm[n]¿ 3. iim¶ ˛ N{μ≥ 4. amμn ˛ Kpfn-I≥ Zp¿_e ˛ Chcn¬ Zp¿∫emb {Kl-Øns‚ AwiI {XntI0WtK ˛ hmw-i-cm-in-bntem AXns‚ {XntIm-Wßfn-tem kqcykptX ˛ in hcp-tºmƒ arXnw `thX.v ˛ acWw kw`-hn-°pw. (18) e·m[n]ÿnXhmwiIcminXpeyw c{‘m[n]ky Krlam]XntX LtStix Xkvan≥ htZ∑cWtbmKatIimkv{X˛ kw£pÆ`n∂aXn`nx ]cnIo¿ØnXw XXv. e·m[n]ÿnXhmwiIcminXpeyw ˛ e·m-[n-]≥ n¬°p∂ hmw-i-cm-in°p Xpey- amb ÿmØv c{‘m[n]ky Krlam]XntX LtStix ˛ F´mw-`m-hm-[n-]s‚ cmin-bn¬ in hcp-tºmƒ Xkvan≥ htZXv acWtbmKw ˛ ac-W-tbm-K-am-sW∂v kw£pÆhn∂aXn`nx ]cnIo¿ØnXw XXv.˛ ⁄mn-Iƒ ]d-™n-´p-≠v. (19) iim¶kwbp‡ZrKmW]q¿hXx Jc{Xn`mtKiKrlw KtX f ]n hm {XntImWtK hm acWw icocnWmw iinyY kymØpc{‘cnx^tK. 415
  • 333. ^eZo]nI 328 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly 1. iim¶kwbp‡ ZrKmW ˛ N{μt{Z°mWØntem 2. Jc{Xn`mtKiKrlw KtX f ]n hm ˛ (N{μt{Z°mWØn¬ n∂pw) Ccp]Øn c≠mw t{Z°mWm[n]s‚ cminbntem 3. {XntImWtK ˛ AXns‚ {XntImWßfntem 4. Xpc{‘cnx^tK. ˛ 1˛8˛12 `mhßfntem iinn ˛ N{μ≥ hcptºmƒ acWw icocnWmw ˛ acWw D≠mIpw. (20) n[tizcKXcmiu `mzmhnμu Xp `mpKXcmiu n[m[n]kwbpt‡ £t{X n¿±ntiXv acWw. 1. n[tizcKXcmiu `mp ˛ kqcy≥ AjvSam[n]Xn n¬°p∂ cminbntem 2. Cμu Xp `mpKXcmiu ˛ N{μ≥ kqcy≥ n¬°p∂ cminbntem 3. n[m[n]kwbpt‡ £t{X ˛ N{μ≥ AjvSam[n]Xn n¬°p∂ £{XØntem hcp-tºmƒ n¿±ntiXv acWw. acWw ]d-b-Ww. AjvSam-[n-]Xn n¬°p∂ cmin-bntem BZn-Xy-N-{μ-∑m-cntem BZn-Xy≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-bntem AjvS-am-[n-]Xn tNcp∂ £-{X-Øn¬ acWw kw`-hn°pw F∂mWv sIm√w ]Xn-∏nse hymJy-mw. sImSp-ß-√q¿ ]Xn-∏n¬ AXv AtX ]Sn ]I¿Øn-sh-®n-cn-°p∂p! (21) tbm cmin¿KpfntImt]Xx X{ØntImWKtX iu acWw ninPmXmmw ZnhnPmmw XZkvXtI. acWw ninPmXmmw ˛ cm{Xn Pn-®-h-cpsS acWw tbm cminx KpfntImt]Xx -˛ (PmX-I-Øn¬) Kpfn-I≥ n¬°p∂ cmin GXmtWm XXv {XntImWKtX iu ˛ AXns‚ {XntIm-W-ßfn¬ in (Nmc-h-im¬) hcp-tºmƒ kw`-hn-°pw. ZnhnPmmw ˛ ]I¬ Pn-®-h-cpsS acWw XZkvXtI ˛ Kpfn-I≥ n¬°p∂ cmin-bpsS Ggmwcminbn¬ in hcptºmgmbn-cn-°pw. (22) Kpcpcmlpkv^pssSIyky cminw bmtX Kpcu bZm XZm Xp n[w hnZym{ØntImWKtX f Yhm.
  • 334. A≤ymbw 17 (ncymW{]IcWw) 329 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly Kpcp cmlp kv^pssSIyky cminw ˛ hymgkv^pShpw cmlpkv^pShpw Iq´nbm¬ In´p∂ cminbntem XXv {XntImWtK ˛ AXns‚ {XntImWßfntem bmtX Kpcu ˛ hymgw hcptºmƒ n[w ˛ acWw kw`hn°pw. (23) AjvSaky {Xn`mKmwi]XnÿnXKrlw iu XZoih`mK¿£w KtX hm acWw `thXv. 1. AjvSaky.... ˛ AjvSaØns‚ (A-jvS-a-`m-h-kv^pSw hcp∂) t{Z°mWØns‚ hmwiØns‚ mY-mb {Klw n¬°p∂ cminbntem 2. XZo-i... ˛ AjvSam[n]s‚ hmwiw hcp∂ cminbntem iu ˛ in hcp∂ ImeØp acWw `thXv ˛ acWw kw`hn°pw. (24) P∑Imte iu bky P∑mjvSa]tXc]n cmticwiIcmti¿hm {XntImWtÿ iu arXnx P∑Imte iu ˛ Pka-bØp intbm P∑mjvSa]tXc]n ˛ F´mw`mhm[n]Xntbm n∂ cmti ˛ cminbntem AwiIcmti¿hm ˛ AwiIcminbntem Ah-bpsS {XntIm-W-ß- fntem in hcp∂ ImeØv arXnx ˛ acWw kw`hn°pw. inbpw AjvS-am-[n-]-pw n∂ cmin°p ]pd-sa, Cw•ojv hymJym--ß-fn¬, P∑w F∂ hm°ns‚ {]tXyI A¿∞w (P-∑-cm-in) IW-°n-se-SpØv, N{μ≥ n∂ cmin-bpsS A[n]-≥ n∂ cmin-IqSn ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. (25) ct{‘izcmZymhXn t` amμnkvXmhXn t` XXx int›∑cWw {_qbmZnXn kZvKpcp`mjnXw. ct{‘izcmZymhXn t` ˛ AjvSam[n]≥ n¬°p∂ cminapX¬ amμnkvXmhXn t` XXx ˛ KpfnI≥ -n¬°p∂ cminhsc F{X cminbpt≠m
  • 335. ^eZo]nI 330 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly Kpfn-I-n¬n∂pw A{XmasØ cminbn¬ in tNXv acWw {_qbmXv ˛ in hcptºmƒ acWw ]d-bWw CXn kZvKp-cp-`m-jnXw ˛ F∂v BNm-cy-∑m¿ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. (26) P∑Imeo `rKpPmXv Imai{Xphytb chu acWw n›nXw {_qbmZnXn kZvKpcp`mjnXw. P∑Imeo `rKpPmXv ˛ Pka-bØp ip{I≥ n∂ cminbpsS Imai{Xphytb chu ˛ 7˛6˛12 cminIfn¬ kqcy≥ hcptºmgpw acWw n›nXw {_qbmXv ˛ acWw ]d-bWw kZvKpcp`mjnXw ˛ F∂v BNm-cy-∑m¿ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. (27) XnjvT¥yjvSacnx^jjvT]Xtbm c{‘{Xn`mtKiztcm amμycyZv`htjp tXjz]n Krtl jzm¿°oUykqtcyμhx k¿th NmchimXv {]bm¥n ln bZm arXypkvXZm kym∂rWmw tXjmawihimZzZ¥p n[w XØXv{XntImtW f ]n hm. AjvSa cnx^] jjvT]Xtbm ˛ 8˛12˛6 `mhßfpsS A[n]∑m¿ c{‘{Xn`mtKiztcm ˛ AjvSat{Z°mWm[n]Xn (Ccp]Ønc≠mw t{Z°Wm[n]≥) amμn ˛ Kpfn-I≥ XnjvT¥n / bZv`-h-tjp tXjz]n ˛ F∂o {Kl-߃ n¬°p∂ cminIfnepw Awi-h-imXv ˛ AwiIcminIfnepw XØXv{XntImtW f ]n hm. ˛ Ah-bpsS {XntImWcminIfnepw A¿°n CuUy kqcy Cμh ˛ in, hymgw, kqcy≥, N{μ≥ k¿th NmchimXv {]bm¥n ˛ Chsc√mw tKmNchim¬ hcptºmgpw arXypkvXZm kym∂rWmw ˛ acWw kw`hn°pw.
  • 336. A≤ymbw 18 (Zzn{K-l-tbm-K-^ew) 331 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly A≤ymbw 18 Zzn{K-l-tbm-K^eßfpw ]{μ-s a‰p {Kl-߃ ZrjvSn-sN-bvXmep-≈ ^e-ßfpw a‰pw tlmcm-im-kv{X-Ønse ]Xn-memw A≤ymbØnepw (Zzn-{K-l-tbm-K-{]-I-c-Ww), ]Xn- tgmw A≤ymbØnepw (Zr-jvSn-{]-I-c-Ww) hnh-cn-®n-´p≈ hnj-b-ß-fmWv ^e-Zo-]nI Cu A≤ym-b-Øn¬ N¿® sNøp-∂-Xv. 1. t«mIw 1˛5 : c≠p {Kl-߃ Hcp cmin-bn¬ n∂m-ep≈ ^e-߃. Cu A©p t«mI-ßfpw tlmcm-imkv{Xw ]Xn-memw A≤ym-b-Øn¬ n∂p- ap-≈-h-bm-Wv. A]q¿hw Nne hm°p-Iƒ°p -am-{Xta am‰-ap-≈q. 2. t«mIw 6˛11 : taSw XpS-ßnb ]{¥≠p cmin-Ifn¬ n¬°p∂ ]{μ-s a‰p {Kl-߃ ZrjvSn- sN-bvXmep-≈^e-߃. {]Xn-]m-Z--co-Xnbpw t«mI-ßfpw tlmcm-im- kv{X-Øn¬n-∂pw `n∂-am-Wv. 3. t«mIw 12-˛15:. IpP≥ XpS-ßnb Ggp {Kl-ß-fp-tSbpw Awi-ß-fn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μ-s a‰p {Kl-߃ ZrjvSn-sN-bvXmep-≈ ^e-߃. tlmcm-imkv{Xw ]Xn-tgmw A≤ym-b-Ønse t«mI-߃ (5-˛8) Xs∂-bm-Wv Ch. 4. t«mIw 16: apI-fn¬ ]d™ Awi߃ hmw-i-߃ Xs∂bmIp∂p F∂v. 5. t«mIw 17: CjvS-I-jvS-^-e-߃. 1. Hcp cminbn¬ c≠p {Kl߃ n∂mep≈ ^ew (1) Xn‹mwiq¿PbXyptj (1) iklntXm b{{¥mivaImcw cw `utamLcXw _pt[ n]pWw [oIo¿ØnkuJymznXw {Iqcw hmIv]XnmyImcyncXw ipt{IW cwKmbpss[¿v˛ e_v[kzw chntP [mXpIpiew `mfi{]Imtcjp hm. (1) ]mT-t`-Zw: P-b-tY-μp-k-lntXm ˛ tlmcm. 1. kqcypw a‰p {Klßfpw 1.. Xn‹mwiqx DtjiklntXm ˛ kqcypw N{μpw tN¿∂m¬ b{¥mivaImcw cw ˛ b{¥Imc≥ : b{¥-߃ D≠m-°p-Itbm
  • 337. ^eZo]nI 332 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly D]-tbmKn°p-Itbm sNøp∂-h≥ AivaImc≥: Aivaw ˛ I√v, I¬∏-Wn-°m-ctm, I√n¬ sImØp-]WnIƒ sNøp-∂-htm cXv-߃ anp-°p-∂htm BImw. 2. `uta ˛ kqcypw IpPpw ALcXw ˛ ]m]I¿Ω߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ 3. _pt[ ˛ kqcypw _p[pw n]pWw [o Io¿Øn kuJyw ˛ kma¿∞yw, _p≤n, {]i-kvXn, kpJw 4. hmIv]Xn ˛ kqcypw hymghpw {Iqcw AyImcyncXw ˛ {Iqc≥, AycpsS Imcyßfn¬ ncX≥ 5. ipt{IW ˛ kqcypw ip{Ipw cwKmbpss[x e_v[kzw ˛ Acßpw B-bp-[hpambn _‘-s∏´ hcp-am--tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b-h≥ 6. chntP ˛ kqcypw inbpw [mXp Ipiew ˛ [mXp°fp-amtbm tem-l-ß-fp-am-tbm _‘s∏-´ sXmgn-ep-I-fn¬ ka¿∞≥ `mfi{]Imcw ˛ temlßfn¬ ]m{X-ßfpw a‰pw D≠m°p∂h≥ (2) IpSkv{XymkhIpw`]Wyainhw amXpx kh{Ix iio k⁄x {]{inXhmIya¿∞n]pWw ku`mKyIo¿XyznXw hn{Im¥w IpeapJyaÿncaXnw hntØizcw kmwKncm hkv{XmWmw kknXx {IbmZnIpiew km¿°nx ]p¿`qkpXw. 2. N{μpw a‰p {Klßfpw 1.. kh{Ix iio ˛ N{μpw IpPpw IpSw, kv{Xo Bkh Ipw` ]Wn ˛ IqSw, kv{Xo, aZyw, IpSw Ch-bp-ambn _‘- s∏´ IS S-Øp-∂-h≥ / hym]mcw sNøph≥ Ainhw amXpx ˛ amXmhnv AawKfw / ZpJw D≠m-°p-∂-h≥ . 2. k⁄x ˛ N{μpw _p[pw {]{inXhmIyw ˛ hn-b-tØm-sS kwkm-cn-°p-∂-h≥ A¿∞n]pWw ˛ kmº-Øn-I-Im-cy-ß-fn¬ ka¿∞≥ ku`mKyIo¿Øn AznXw ˛ `mKyhpw Io¿Øn-bp-ap-≈-h≥. 3. kmwKncm ˛ kAwKnc ˛ N{μpw Kpcphpw hn{Im¥w ˛ Io-g-S-°p-∂-h≥ / ]cm-{Ian IpeapJyw ˛ Ipe-]-Xn ÿncaXnw * ˛ ÿn-c-_p≤n hntØizcw ˛ [nI≥. * AÿncaXn ˛ ^eZo]nIbnepw t]mcmimkv{XØnepw CXv AÿncaXn F∂p
  • 338. A≤ymbw 18 (Zzn{K-l-tbm-K-^ew) 333 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly Xs∂bmWv.. F∂m¬ a ns‚ ImcImb N{μv ip`mb hymghpambp≈ _‘w Aip`^ew D≠m°pIbn√. IpeapJyw ÿncaXnw F∂mWp icn. 4. kknXx ˛ N{μpw ip{Ipw hkv{XmWmw {IbmZnIpiew ˛ hkv{Xhym]mcØn¬ ka¿∞≥ 5. km¿°nx ˛ kA¿°n ˛ N{μpw inbpw ]p¿`qkpXw. ˛ ]p¿hnhmlnXbpsS ]p{X≥ (3) aqemZnkvtlIqssS¿hyhlcXn hWnIv _mlptbm≤m kkutay ]pcy≤y£x kPoth `hXn c]Xn˛ {]m]vXhntØm ZzntPm hm tKmt]m at√m f Y Z£x ]cbphXnctXm ZyqXIrXv kmkptctUy ZpJm¿tØm f kXyk‘x kkhnXrXtb `qantP nμnX›. 3. IpPpw a‰p {Klßfpw 1. kkutay ˛ IpPpw _p[pw aqemZn kvtl IqssSx ... hWnIv ˛thcv, FÆ, IqSw* XpSßnbh I®hSw sNøph≥ _mlptbm≤m ˛ KpkvXn°mc≥ * IqSw : (18/2,3) IqSØnv i_vZXmcmhenbn¬ sImSpapSn, Im]Syw, Krlw, sIWn XpSßn 23 A¿∞߃ sImSpØn´p≠.v tlmcm FgpXs∏´Xv 1500 h¿jw apºmWv. A°mcywIqSn IW°nseSpt°≠Xp≠v. 2. kPoth ˛ IpPpw Kp cphpw ]pcy≤y£ ˛ Kcm≤y£≥, c]Xn{]m]vXhntØm ZzntPm hm˛ As√¶n¬ cmPmhn¬n∂pw In´nb [tØmSpIqSnb {_m“W≥ ** **ZzntPm : tlmcmhymJymØn¬ “ HcmfpsS ]p{Xpw as‰mcmfpsS ZØp]p{Xpw “ (As√¶n¬ hf¿Øp aIpw) F∂ A¿∞hpw sImSpØp ImWp∂p. hymgØnp ]m]mb IpPs‚ _‘w h∂XmWv ]nXrKpWmp`hØnv Cßssbmcp amw sImSpØXv. £{Xnb[{]Xm]ap≈ {_m“Ws∂ hymJymhpw kμ¿`Ønp tbmPn°p∂Xp Xs∂bmWv.
  • 339. ^eZo]nI 334 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly 3. kAkptctUy -˛ IpPpw ip{Ipw tKmt]m ˛ ]ip°sf kwc£n°p∂h≥, a√≥ ˛ KpkvXn°mc≥ Z£≥ ˛ ka¿∞≥ ]cbphXnctXm ˛ Aykv{XoIfn¬ Xev]c≥ ZyqXIrXv ˛ NqXpIfn°mc≥ 4. kkhnXrXtb `qantP ˛ IpPpw inbpw ZpJm¿tØm ˛ ZpJnX≥ AkXyk‘ ˛ kXyk‘√mØh≥ nμnXx N ˛ nμnX≥. (4) kutay cwKNtcm _rlkv]XnbptX KoX{]ntbm rØhn˛ Zzm‹o `qKW]x kntX arZpm ambm]Sp¿eºSx (1) kZzntZym [Zmchm≥ _lpKpWx ipt{IW bpt‡ Kpcu t⁄bx iva{ipItcm f kntX LSIrXv ÷mtXm (2) f ∂Imtcm f ]n hm. ]mTt`Zw: (1) ewLIx (tlmcm) -˛ ewLIx ˛ Kpcphns / BNmcßsf ewLn°p∂h≥, [n°mcn (2) Zmtkm (tlmcm) 4. _p[pw a‰p {Klßfpw 1. kutay _rlkv]XnbptX ˛ _p[pw Kpcphpw cwKNtcm ˛ Acßn¬ rØw, mSIw apXembh AhXcn∏n°p∂h≥ KoX{]ntbm ˛ Km߃ CjvSs∏Sp∂h≥ rØhnXv ˛ ¿ØI≥ 2. kntX ˛ _p[pw ip{Ipw hm‹n ˛ hm‹n, {]`mjI≥ `qKW]x ˛ `qhpSa, `cWm[nImcn 3. arZpm ˛ _p[pw inbpw ambm]Spx ˛ I_fn∏n°p∂h≥, eºS≥ ˛ hy`nNmcn.
  • 340. A≤ymbw 18 (Zzn{K-l-tbm-K-^ew) 335 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly 5. hymghpw a‰p {Klßfpw 1. ipt{IW bpt‡ Kpcu ˛ Kpcphpw ip{Ipw kXv hntZym ˛ hnZymkº∂≥ [Zmchm≥ ˛ [hpw Zmc (ZmºXy) kpJhpap≈h≥ _lpKpWx ˛ hfsc (√) KpWßtfmSpIqSnbh≥ (ZmcØnmWv _lpKpWw F∂ hymJymhpap≠v.) AkntX ˛ Kpcphpw inbpw iva{ipItcm ˛ £pcI≥, LSIrXv ˛ IpSw (a¨]m{X߃) D≠m°p∂h≥ Zmtkm ˛ the°mc≥ A∂Imtcm ˛ ASp°f°mc≥. (5) AknXknXkamKta f ¬]N£p¿˛ bphXnkam{ib (1) kw{]hr≤hnØx `hXn N en]n ]pkvX(I)Nn{XthØm IYnX^ssex ]ctXm hnI¬]obmx.(2) ]mTt`Zw: (1) bphXnPm{ib ˛ tlmcm (2) ]ctXm f ]tc hnI¬]ymx.˛ tlmcm, 5. ip{Ipw inbpw AknX knX kamKta ˛ inbpw ip{Ipw A¬]N£p ˛ ImgvNi‡n Ipdhv bphXnkam{ibkw{]hr≤hnØx ˛ kv{XoklmbwsIm≠v h¿≤n® [tØmSp IqSnbh≥ `hXn N en]n ]pkvX(I)Nn{XthØm˛FgpØpIm≥, Nn{XImc≥ c≠ne[nIw {KlßfpsS tbmKw IYnX^ssex ]ctXm hnI¬]obmx. ˛ ChnsS ]dbmØh (c≠ne[nIw {KlßfpsS tbmK^ew) CtX coXnbn¬ Nn¥n®v v Adn™psIm≈Ww.
  • 341. ^eZo]nI 336 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly 2. ZrjvSn^ew (6) `qt]m hnZzm≥ `q]Xn¿`p]Xpeyx Nt{μ tatj tamjtIm n¿≤› nkzx kvtXtm temIamtym aloix kzmVyx t{]jy›m]n ZrjvtS IpPmssZyx (1) (1) ]mTt`Zw: kzmVyx t{]tjym KhyYmcmZnZrjvtS ˛ sImSpß√q¿ ]Xn∏v. 1. taSØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ `qt]m hnZzm≥ `q]Xn `p]Xpey tamjIm n¿≤ cmPmhv hnZzm≥ cmPmhv cmPmhnp I≈≥ Zcn{Z≥ ka≥ 2. CShØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ nkzx kvtX temIamy aloix (kz)BVy t{]jy Zcn{Z≥ I≈≥ _lpamnX≥ cmPmhv [mVy≥ `rXy≥, ZqX≥ (7) bp‹tÿ f tbmPohn`q]⁄[rjvSm˛ ›t{μ ZrjvtS X¥phmtbm [o N kz¿£ tbm[{]m⁄kqcn£nXoim temlmPothm t{XtcmKo {ItaW. 3. anYpØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ AtbmPohn `q] ⁄ [rjvS X¥phmb [o sIm√≥ cmPmhv ⁄mn [oc≥ sbvØp [nI≥ Imc≥ 4. I¿°SIØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kpcy≥ tbm[ {]m⁄ kqcn £nXoi temlmPoh t{XtcmKo tbm≤m hnZzm≥ ]finX≥ cmPmhv sIm√≥ t{XtcmKn
  • 342. A≤ymbw 18 (Zzn{K-l-tbm-K-^ew) 337 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (8) cmPm tPymXn¿hn≤mtVym tct{μm knwtl Nt{μ m]nXx ]m¿∞nth{μx Zt£m `q]x ssky]x IyImbmw njvWmXx kymZv `qanmY› `q]x. 5. NnßØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kpcy≥ cmPm tPymXn¿hnXv [mVy tc{μ m]nX ]m¿∞nth{μ cmPmhv tPymXnj [nI≥ cmPmhv £pcI≥ cmPmhv ]finX≥ 6. I∂nbn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kpcy≥ Z£ `q] ssky] njvWmX `qanmY `q] ka¿∞≥ cmPmhv sskym[n]≥ka¿∞≥ cmPmhv cmPmhv (9) itTm r]kvXuenn cpIvaImc-˛ ›t{μ hWnIv kymXv ]nipx Je› IotS rt]m bp‹]nXm (1) aloix kymZzkv{XPoho hnIrXmwKhnØx (2) .7. XpemØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ iT r] cpIvaImcx hWnIv ]nipx Je iT≥ cmPmhv X´m≥ I®]Sw NXnb≥ ZpjvS≥ 8. hr›nIØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ rt]m bp‹]nXm aloix hkv{XPohn hnIrXmwK nkz cmPmhv .... cmPmhv hkv{X hnIemwK≥ Zcn{Z≥ hym]mcw (1) bp‹]nXm -˛ hymJymt`Zw:: 1. Cc´°p´nIfpsS A—≥ (Cw•ojv hymJym߃) 2. c≠p ]nXm°fp≈h≥ (aebmfw hymJym߃)
  • 343. ^eZo]nI 338 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly (2) hkv{XPohn ˛ ]mTt`Z߃ i{XppPohn ˛ i{Xp°sfs°m≠p Pohn°p∂h≥ iva{ipPohn ˛ cPI≥ (iva{ipPohn cPI√, £pcImWv). ip{I_‘ambXnm¬ hkv{Xw (2/6) BWv icnsb∂p tXm∂p∂p.. (10) [q¿tXm lbmwtK kzPw Ptiw cuLam{inXy (1) iTx kZw`x `qt]m tc{ix £nXnt]m hn]›n˛ ≤o Zcnt{Zm aItc lnamwssi. (1) ]mTt`Zw : Pm{ib›m]n 9. [phn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ [q¿X (1) kzP (2) Pti cuL..(3) . iTx (4) kZw`x [q¿Ø≥ .. cmPmhv iT≥ Al¶mcn (1) [q¿Ø ˛ NXnb≥, I≈≥, kq{Ximen, [q¿ØSn°p∂h≥ (i_vZXmcmhen) (2) kzP ˛ kzPßtfmSpIqSnbhpw (3) cuLam{inXy / Pm{ib›m]n ˛ Pw B{ibn°p∂h≥ / PsØ B{ibn°p∂h≥ (N{μ˛Kpcp˛ip{I_‘w k¿Δip`abamsW¶nepw ip{I≥ Kpcphns‚ i{XphmWv; N{μ≥ ip{It‚bpw.. B yqX sh®p tm°p tºmƒ c≠masØ A¿∞amWv icnsb∂p tXm∂p∂p.) (4) iT≥ ˛ imTyap≈h≥, [q¿Ø≥, NXnb≥, a≠≥, aSnb≥ (i_vZXmcmhen) 10. aIcØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ `q] tc{μx £nXn] hn]›nXv [o Zcn{Z cmPmhv cmPmhv cmPmhv hnZzm≥ [nI≥ Zcn{Z≥ (11) Ipwt` f yZmcncXx £nXnt]m tct{μm thiym]Xn¿ r]htcm lnaKu ramyx At¥y f LIrXv ]SpaXn¿r]Xn› hnZzm≥ tZmssjIZrKvZpcnXIr® IpPmZn ZrjvtS.
  • 344. A≤ymbw 18 (Zzn{K-l-tbm-K-^ew) 339 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly 11. Ipw`Øn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ AyZmcncX £nXn] tc{μ thiym]Xn r]hc ramyx ]ckv{Xo cmPmhv cmPmhv thiybpsS cmPmhv BZcWob≥ X¬∏c≥ `¿Ømhv 12. aoØn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μv a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSn h∂mep≈ ^ew IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kqcy≥ ALIrXv ]SpaXn r]Xn hnZzm≥ tZmssjIZrIv ZpcnXIrXv ]m]w _p≤nam≥ cmPmhv ]finX≥ tZmjwam{Xw ZpcnXw sNøp∂h≥ ImWp∂h≥ sNøp∂h≥ 3. IpP≥ XpS-ßnb Ggp {Kl-ß-fp-tSbpw Awi-ß-fn¬ n¬°p∂ N{μ-s a‰p {Kl-߃ ZrjvSn-sN-bvXmep-≈ ^e-߃. (12) Bc£tIm h[cpNnx Ipitem nbpt≤ `qt]m f ¿∞hm≥ IelIrXv £nXnPmwikwtÿ aq¿tJmyZmcncXx kpIhnx(1) knXmwti kXvImhyIrXv kpJ]tcm f yIf{XK›. (1) ]mTt`Zw: aq¿JmyZmccXImhyhnZx ˛ tlmcm 1. £nXnPmwikwtÿ ˛ N{μ≥ PkabØv IpPs‚ hmwiØn¬ (1 taSw, 8 hr›nIw) a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in Bc£I h[cpNn Ipite nbpt≤ `q] A¿∞hm≥ IelIrXv c£I≥ h[n°p∂Xn¬ apjvSn.bp≤Øn¬ cmPmhv [nI≥ hg°mfn X¬∏c≥ ka¿∞≥ 2. knXmwti ˛ N{μ≥ PkabØv ip{Is‚ hmwiØn¬ (2 CShw, 7 Xpemw) a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in aq¿J AyZmcncX kpIhnx kXvImhyIrXv kpJ]c AyIf{XK hnUvVn ]ckv{Xo Ihn kXvIhn kpJn°p ]ckv{Xo _‘ap≈h≥ ∂h≥ _‘ap≈h≥
  • 345. ^eZo]nI 340 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly (13) _ut[ ln cwKNctNmcIho{μa{¥o˛ tKb⁄inev]n]pWmx iino ÿntXwti kzmwti f ev]Km{X[ep_v[X]kznapJy˛ kv{Xot]mjrIrXyncXm› nco£amtW. 3. _ut[ ˛ N{μ≥ PkabØv _p[s‚ hmwiØn¬ (3 anYpw, 6 I∂n) a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in cwKNc tNmc Iho{μ a{¥o tKb⁄ inev]n]pWmx cwKIeIƒ I≈≥ Ihn a{¥n kwKoX⁄≥ inev]n AhXcn∏n°p∂h≥ 4. kzmwti ˛ N{μ≥ PkabØv (4) I¿°SIØn¬ a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in Aev]Km{X [ep_v[ X]kzn apJy kv{Xot]mjr IrXyncX sNdnbicocw ep_v[≥ X]kzn apJy≥ kv{XoPnX≥ IrXyßfn¬ ncXmbh≥ (14) kt{Imt[m c]XnkΩtXm n[oix knwlmwti {]`pckptXm f Xnlnw{kI¿Ωm ssPhmwti {]YnX_tem ctWm]tZjvSm lmky⁄x kNnhhnImahr≤ioemx. 5. knwlmwti ˛ N{μ≥ PkabØv NnßwhmwiØn¬ (5) a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in kt{Im[ c]XnkΩX n[oi {]`p AkpX AXnlnw{kI¿Ωm tIm]jvT≥ cmPkΩX≥ [nI≥ {]`p a°ƒ {Iqc≥ C√mØh≥ 6. ssPhmwti ˛ N{μ≥ PkabØv [p (9) aow (12) hmwißfn¬ a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in {]YnX_e ctWm]tZjvSm lmky⁄ kNnh hnIma hr≤ioemx. _ehm≥ bp≤Imcyßfn¬ kck≥ a{¥n Imaw hm¿≤Iy... D]tZjvSmhv C√mØh≥ klPw
  • 346. A≤ymbw 18 (Zzn{K-l-tbm-K-^ew) 341 Translation, DTP and layout by Mullappilly (15) Aev]m]tXym ZpJnXx kXy]n tkz ammk‡x I¿ΩWn tkz f pc‡x ZpjvSkv{XojvSx Ir]W›m¿°n`mwti Nt{μ `mu XZzZnμzmZnZrjvtS. 7. N{μ≥ PkabØv aIcw (10) Ip`w (11) hmwißfn¬ a‰p {KlßfpsS ZrjvSnbn¬ n∂mep≈ ^ew kpcy≥ IpP≥ _p[≥ Kpcp ip{I≥ in Aev]m]Xy ZpJnXx ammk‡x I¿ΩWn... ZpjvSkv{XojvSx Ir]W k¥XnIƒ ZpJnX≥ Al¶mcn kzI¿Ω NoØ kv{XoIfn¬ lo≥ Ipdhv ncX≥ CjvSw Nt{μ `mu XZzZnμzmZnZrjvtS ˛ ta¬∏d™ hmwißfn¬ n¬°p∂ kqcys N{μ≥ XpSßnb {Kl߃ tm°nbmep≈ ^ehpw CßsØs∂bmWv (16) kqcymZntXm f {Xmwi^ew {]ZnjvSw t⁄bw hmwiky ^ew XtZh cmio£tW bXv ^eap‡antμm˛ kvX±zmZimwiky ^ew ln hmNyw. kqcymZnX A{X Awi^ew {]ZnjvSw ˛ 12˛15 t«mIßfn¬ kqcy≥ XpSßnb {KlßfpsS Awi^esa∂v ]d™Xv t⁄bw hmwiky ^ew XtZh ˛ hmwi^ewXs∂bmWv F∂dnbpI cmio£tW bXv ^ew D‡w Ctμm ˛ N{μv cminZrjvSnbn¬ (6˛11) bmsXmcp ^ew ]d™pthm XXv ZzmZimwiky ^eky hmNyw. ˛ ZzmZimwiØnpw B ^ew Xs∂ ]dbWw. (17) h¿t§mØakz]ctKjp ip`w bZp‡w XXv]pjvSa≤yeLpXm f ip`apXv{ItaW hocymzntXm f wiI]Xn¿ncpW≤n ]q¿hw cmio£Wky _eawi^ew ZZmXn.
  • 347. ^eZo]nI 342 Phaladeepika malayalam translation by mullappilly 1. h¿t§mØatKjp ip`w ]pjvS.. ˛ h¿t§mØamwiØn¬ n¬°p∂ {Kl Øns‚ ip`^ew ]pjvSntbm IqSnbXm bncn°pw. 2. kz ˛ kzmwiIØn¬ n¬°p∂ {KlØns‚ ip`^ew a≤yaambncn°pw. 3. ]ctKjp ˛ ]cmwiIØn¬ n¬°p∂ {KlØns‚ ^ew Aev]ambncn°pw. 4. Aip`apXv{ItaW ˛ Aip`^ew CXnp hn]coXambncn°pw. 5 hocymznX AwiI]Xn .... ˛ AwiIm[n]Xn hocyhmmIp∂psh¶n¬ cminZrjvSn^esØ XSp°pIbpw cmio£Wky _eawi^ew ZZmXn.˛ AwiIZrjvSn^esØ sImSp°pIbpw sNøp∂p.
  • 348. A≤ymbw 19 (Zim^ew) 343 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly A≤ymbw 19 Zim-^ew hnjbhnhcw 1. Zim{Iaw 2. hnw-tim-Ø-cn (£{X) Zi 3 . injvSZi KWnXw 4. h¿jw IW°m°p∂ hn[w 5 Zim^ew (cNIp_pKpipakin {IaØn¬) 6. hnwtimØcnZim (cNIpkKpa_pinip) {IaØn¬ Cu A≤ym-b-Øn¬ h-{K-l-ß-fpsS Zim-Im-eØv Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp∂ ^e-ß-fmWv hnh- cn-°p-∂-Xv. 5 apX¬ 17 hsc t«mI-ß-fn¬ cN-Ip-_p-Kp-ip-a-kin F∂ km[m-c-W {Kl-{I- a-Ønepw 18 apX¬ 27 hscbp≈ t«mI-ß-fn¬ cN-Ip-k-Kp-a-_p-inip F∂n-ß-s- hnw-tim-Ø- cn-Z-im-{I-a-ØnepamWv ^ew ]d-bp-∂p-Xv. {Klw ApIqeamtWm {]XnIqeamtWm, AXnv Bhiyamb {Kl_eapt≠m XpSßnb Imcy߃ IqSn tN¿Øp Nn¥n-°bpw th-Ww. (1) `‡ym tb h-{Klm _lp-hn-ss[-cm-cm-[n-XmkvtX Nncw k¥pjvSmx ^e-t_m-[-tl-Xp-a-Zn-i≥ kmp-{Klw n¿Æbw JymXm-w tX ]cm-i-tcW IYnXmw kwKrly tlmcm-K-amXv kmcw `qcn-]-co-£-bm f Xn^enXmw ht£y almJymw Zimw. `‡ym tb h-{Klm _lp-hn-ss[- Bcm-[n-XmkvtX Nncw ˛ Bcm¬ Nnc-Imew `‡n-]q¿hw ]e hn[-Øn¬ Bcm-[n-°-s∏´v k¥pjvSmx ^e-t_m-[-tl-Xp-a-Zn-i≥ kmp-{Klw n¿Æbw ˛ k¥p-jvS-cmbn h-{K-l-߃ ^e-t_m-[-tl-Xp Ap-{K-ln®p ¬Intbm JymXm-w tX ]cm-i-tcW IYnXmw kwKrly tlmcm-K-amXv kmcw ˛ B ]cm-i-c-m¬ ]d-b-s∏-´ tlmcm-K-akmcw `qcn-]-co-£-bm AXn^enXmw ht£y almJymw Zimw. ˛ kzbw ]co-£n-®-dn™v hfsc ^e-h-Øm-sW∂p I≠v AXnse £{X (hnwtimØcn) Zim-^ek{º-Zm-bw Rm≥ Npcp°n ]d-bpI-bm-Wv..
  • 349. ^eZo]nI 344 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (2) A·ymZn Xmc-]-Xtbm chn-N-{μ-`ua k¿]m-a-tc-Uy-i-n-N-{μ-P-tI-Xp-ip{Imx tX, mS, sskn (kmn), Pb, NmSp, [Sm-p, kuay, ÿmt, Jm, nK-ZnXm ic-ZkvXp tXjmw. 1. Zim{Iaw A·ymZn ˛ Im¿Øn-I-ap-X¬ Xmc-]-Xtbm ˛ £-{Xm-[n-]-∑m¿ {Klw Zimh¿jw chn ˛ kqcy≥, tX ˛ X ˛ 6 N-{μ- ˛ N{μ≥, mS ˛ S ˛ 01 ˛ 10 `ua ˛ IpP≥, sskn ˛ k ˛ 70 ˛ 7 k¿∏m- ˛ cmlp, Pb ˛ 81 ˛ 18 Aa-tc-Uy- ˛ hymgw, NmSp ˛ NS ˛ 61 ˛ 16 i-n-, [Sm-p ˛ [S ˛ 910 ˛ 19 N-{μ-P ˛ _p[≥,- kuay ˛ kb ˛ 71 ˛ 17 tI-Xp-, ÿmt ˛ Y ˛ 70 ˛ 7 ip{I ˛ ip{I≥, Jm ˛ J ˛ 02 ˛ 20 nK-ZnXm ic-XkvXp tXjmw ˛ F∂n-ßs Ah-bpsS Zim-h¿j߃ ]d-b-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. IS-]-bmZn A£ckwJy D]-tbm-Kn-®mWv ChnsS {Kl-ß-fpsS Zim-h¿jw ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXv Ap_‘Øn¬ sImSpØn´p≠v. 2. hnw-tim-Ø-cn (£{X) Zi £{Xw £-{Xm-[n-]≥ Zimh¿jw AizXn aIw aqew -˛ tIXp 7 `cWn ]qcw ]qcmSw ˛ ip{I≥ 20 Im¿ØnI D{Xw D{XmSw ˛ kqcy≥ 6 tcmlnWn AØw Xncp-thmWw˛ N{μ≥ 10 aI-bncw Nn{X Ahn´w ˛ IpP≥ 7 Xncp-hm-Xnc tNmXn NXbw ˛ cmlp 18 ]pW¿Xw hnimJw ]qcq-cp-´mXn˛ hymgw 16 ]qbw Angw D{X-´mXn ˛ in 19 Bbneyw Xrt°´ tchXn ˛ _p[≥ 17 BsI 120
  • 350. A≤ymbw 19 (Zim^ew) 345 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly Hm¿Ωn-°m≥ Hcp ae-bmfw t«mIw: BZn-Xy-mdp iin ]Øp-sam-tcgp sNmΔ ]sØ´p ]mºp ]Xn-mdp _rl-kv]-Xoi ]sØm-ºtX in _p[≥ ]Xn-tgp ]ns∂ tIXq-sm-tc-gn-cp-]-Xm-aXp ip{I--¥yw. (3) E£ky Kaym LSnIm Zim-_vZ˛ nLvm Sm]vXm kzZim-_vZ-kwJym cqss]¿∂-ssK-x kwKp-W-tb-∂-tX lrXmkvXp amkm Znhkmx {Ita-W. 3 . injvSZim KWnXw E£ky Kaym LSnIm .... ˛ £{XØn¬ _m°nbp≈ mgnIIsf Zimh¿jwsIm≠p s]cp°n, 60˛sIm≠p lcn®m¬ In´p∂Xp h¿jw. _m°nsb cqss], ssK, tX... ˛ 12, 30, 60 F∂nhsIm≠p bYmhn[n {Inb sNbvXm¬ {IaØn¬ amkw, Znhkw, mgnI F∂nh In´pw. £{Xw XpS-ßp-tºmƒ Xs∂ Pn-®m-et√ Zim-h¿jw apgp-h≥ In´q. AXp km[m- c-W-a-√. AXn-m¬ Hcp mfns‚ CSbv°p Pw h∂m¬ injvS-Zi (K¿`-in-jvS-Zi F∂pw ]d-bpw.) IW-°m-°p∂ coXnbmWv Cu t«mI-Øn¬ hnh-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Pw tcmlnWn £-{X-Øn-em-sW∂p Icp-Xp-I. HcpZnhkw 60 mgn-I-bm-b-Xn-m¬, tcmlnWnbpw km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ 60 mgn-I-bm-h-Ww. Pw S-∂Xv tcmlnWn 30 mgnI Ign-™n-´m-sW¶n¬, _m°n 30 mgn-Ibv°p injvS-Zi F{X ImWpw? P∑-£-{X-Øn¬ _m°n-bp≈ ka-bsØ AXns‚ Zim-h¿jw-sIm≠p s]cp°n Znh-k ssZ¿Lyw-sIm≠p lcn®m¬ In´p∂ ^ew h¿jw.. _m°nsb 12 sIm≠p s]cp°n In´p-∂Xp amkw. AXns‚ _m°nsb 30 tIm≠p s]cp°n In´p-∂Xp Znh-kw. CXp-t]mse Adp-]XpsIm≠p s]cp°n _m°n-bp≈ mgnI˛hnm-gn-I-I-sfbpw ImWmw. DZmlcWw (B[pnIcoXn): tcmlnWn£{Xw : 40T apX¬ 53T 20 ’ hsc N{μkv^pSw : 1 ˛ 20T ˛ 33 ’ . = 50T ˛-33 ’ £{XØn¬ _m°n 53T 20 ’ ˛˛ 50T ˛-33 ’ = 2T -˛47 ’ = 167 ’
  • 351. ^eZo]nI 346 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 13T ˛20 ’ AYhm 800 ’ v N{μZi = 10 h¿jw AXpsIm≠v 2T -˛47 ’ AYhm 167 ’ v N{μZi = ? 1 10 $ 167 = 2. 0875 h¿jw 800 2 0875 $ 12 = 1. 05 amkw 10000 3 5$ 30 = 1. 5 Znhkw 100 4 5$ 60 = 30 mgnI 10 injvSZi : 2 h¿jw 1 amkw 1 Znhkw 30 mgnI N{μZi. (4) chn-kv^p-S-w- k(X)÷-t bZm-koXv XYm-hn-[-t›Xv {]Xn-h¿j-a¿°x Bhr-Ø-bx- k¥n Zim-_vZ-Immw `mK{I-am-Ø-±n-hkmx {]I¬]ym. 4. h¿jw IW°m°p∂ hn[w Hcm-fpsS P--k-a-bØv kqcy≥ n¬°p∂ ÿm-Øp-Xs∂ kqcy≥ ho≠pw hcp- tºm-gmWv PmX-Iv Hcp hb- m-Ip-∂-Xv. CX-p-k-cn-®p-thWw Zim-h¿jw IW-°m-°p-∂- Xpw. h¿jØnp XnIbmsX hcp∂ _m°nsbs°m≠v `mK{Iaw Apkcn®v (30 Znhkw = 1 amkw, 12 amkw = 1 h¿jw) amkhpw Znhkhpw ImWWw. h¿jw F∂m¬ F{X Znh-k-amWv F∂Xp tPymXn-j-Ønse Hcp henb X¿°-hn-j- b-amWv. AXn-p≈ adp-]-Sn-IqSnbmWv Cu t«mIw. 5. Zim^ew (cNIp_pKpipakin {IaØn¬) (5) `mpx ItcmXn Ielw £nXn-]m-e-tIm-]˛ amI-kvanIw kzP--tcm-K-]-cn-{`aw N Atymysshc-a-Xn-Zp- lNnØ-tIm-]w Kp]vXy¿∞-[m-y-kp-X-Zm-c-Ir-im-p-]o-Umw.
  • 352. A≤ymbw 19 (Zim^ew) 347 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 1. kqcyZi `mpx ItcmXn ˛ kqcy≥ sNøp∂p (kqcy-Z-i-bn¬), Ielw ˛ hg°v £nXn-]m-e-tIm-]w BI-kvanIw ˛ A{]-Xo-£n-X-amb cmP-tIm]w, kzP--tcm-Kw ˛ kz¥°m¿°p tcmK-߃, ]-cn-{`aw ˛ ]cn{`aw, ]cn{`aWw ˛Np‰nØncn®¬ (?) Atymysshcw- ˛ ]c-kv]-c-i{XpX AXn-Zp- l NnØ-tIm-]w ˛ Ak-lob-amb am-kn-I-t£m`w, Kp]vXn * ˛ Hfnhn¬ / XShn¬ IgnbpI A¿∞- [m-y- kp-X -Zm-c- Ir-im-p- ]o-Umw ˛ [w, [myw, a°ƒ, `mcy. A·n. Ch- ImcWambp≈ ZpJw. *Kp]vXy¿∞w ˛ clkyamb. [w F∂pw ImWp∂p. kqcy≥ ZpÿmsW¶nep≈ ^eßfmWv Cu t«mIØn¬ ]d™Xv. ASpØ t«mIØn¬ kqcy≥ kpÿmbmep≈ ^e߃ hnhcn°p∂p. (6) {Iucym-[z-`qss]x Ie-ssl¿≤-m]vXnw hmZn-({Zn)-k-©m-c-a-Xn-{]-kn≤nw ItcmXn kptÿm hnPbw Znt-i˛ kvssX£vWyw ktZm-tZym-K-cXnw kpJw N ItcmXn kptÿm Znt-i - ˛ kqcyp kpÿmÿnXnbmsW¶n¬, {Iucym-[z-`qss]x Ie-ssl¿≤-m]vXnw-˛ {Iqc{]h¿ØnIƒ, bm{X, cmPmhv, Ielw Ch hgn [mKaw hm{Zn k©mcw ˛ Im´nepw aebnepap≈ bm{X. AXn{]kn≤nw ˛ hfsc {]kn≤n, hnPbw, ssXjvWyw ˛ Xo£vWX, ktZmtZymKcXnw ˛ kZm DtZymKcXnw ˛ Ft∏mgpw {]h¿ØncX≥ kpJw (7) ax-{]-kmZw {]I-tcmXn N{μx k¿hm¿∞-kn≤nw kpJ-t`m-Pw N kv{Xo]p-{X-`q-jmw-_-c-c-Xv-kn≤nw tKmt£{X-em`w ZznP-]q-Pw N
  • 353. ^eZo]nI 348 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 2. .N{μZi. {]I-tcmXn N{μx ˛ N{μ≥ sNøp∂p (N-{μ-Z-i-bn¬) ax-{]-kmZw ˛ Dt∑jw, kt¥mjw, k¿hm¿∞-kn≤nw ˛ F√m DZy-a-ßfnepw hnP-bw., kpJ-t`m-Pw ˛ kpJ-`-£Ww, kv{Xo]p-{X-`q-jmw-_-c-c-Xv-kn≤nw ˛ `mcy, a°ƒ, B`-c-W߃, hkv{X߃, cXv߃ ChbpsS e_v[n tKmt£{X-em`w ˛ ]ip°ƒ, `qkzØv ChbpsS em`w ZznP-]q-Pw ˛ {_m“-W-]q-P. (8) _te k¿hw iin-kvXp hmNyw ]q¿th Zimtl ^e-a{X a≤yw at≤y Zimtl ]cn-]q¿Æ-hocyw XrXo-b-`m-tK f ¬]^ew {Ita-W. _te k¿hw iin-x Xp hmNyw˛ N{μ-Z-im-^ew N{μs‚ _e-a-p-k-cn®p ]d-b-Ww . 1 ]q¿th Zimtl ^e-a{X a≤yw ˛ N{μ≥ Nm{μ-am-k-Øns‚ -BZy`mKØmsW-¶n¬ ^ew a≤y-aw. 2 at≤y Zimtl ]cn-]q¿Æ-hocyw ˛ a≤y-`m-KØmsW-¶n¬ ]q¿Æ ^ew. 3 XrXo-b-`m-tK A¬∏-^ew ˛ Ah-km--`m-KØmsW-¶n¬ A¬∏-^ew. ]{μs‚ ]£-_ew: (1) ip¢-]-£-{]-Xn-]ZwapX¬ ip¢-]-£-Z-ian hsc ˛ BZy`mKw, ^ew a≤y-aw. (2) ip¢-]-£- GIm-ZinapX¬ IrjvW-]£]©anhsc ˛ a-≤y-`m-Kw, ]q¿Æ ^ew. (3) IrjvW-]£ jjvTnapX¬ Aam-hmknhsc ˛ A-h-km--`m-Kw, A¬∏-^ew. (9) `uaky kzZ-im-^-emn lpX-`p-Kv `q-]m-l-hm-ssZy¿[w ss`j-Pym-r-X-h-©-ss› hnhnss[x {Iusscy¿≤--kym-Kax ]nØm-kr-KvPz-c-_m-[n-X› kXXw oNmw-K-m-tk-hw hntZz-jx kpX-Zm-c-_-‘p-Kp-cp`nx IjvtSm- f y-`mtKy cXx.
  • 354. A≤ymbw 19 (Zim^ew) 349 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly 3. IpPZi `uaky kzZ-im-^-emn ˛ IpP-Z-i-bn¬, lpX-`p-Iv `q-] Bl-h B-ssZyx [w˛ A·n, cmPm-hv, bp≤w Ch- hgn [w ss`j-Py*, Ar-X -h-©-ss› hnhnss[x {Iusscyx [-kym-Kax ˛NXn*, -AkXyw, h©, ]e-hn[ {Iqc{]h¿Øn-Iƒ Ch-bm-bn-cn°pw [mK-a- am¿§w., * t`jPØns‚ {][m A¿∞w, a‰p hymJymßfn¬ sImSpØn´p≈Xp t]mse, Huj[w F∂msW¶nepw kμ¿`Ønp tNcpI Cu A{][m A¿∞amWv. ]nØ Akr-Iv Pz-c- _m-[n-X› ˛ ]nØw, c‡Zqjyw, ]n XpS-ßnb tcmK-߃ oNmw-K-m-tk-hw ˛ oN-kv{Xo- tkh, kp-X- Zm-c- _-‘p- Kp-cp`nx hntZz-jw- ˛ a°ƒ, `mcy, _‘p-°ƒ, Kpcp-m-Y-∑m¿ Ch- cp-ambn hntZzjw, IjvtSm- ˛ IjvS∏mSpIƒ Ay-`mtKy cXx ˛ a‰p-≈-h-cpsS `mKyØn¬ cX≥ IjvtSm- Ay-`mtKy cX ˛ Ay-∑m-cpsS `mKyw-I≠v kln-°m≥ ]mSn-√m-sX- bn-cn-°p-I ˛ as‰mcp hymJymw. (10) kuayx ItcmXn kplr-Zm-K-a-am-fl-kuJyw hnZzXv{]-iw-kn-X-bi› Kpcp-{]-kmZw {]mK-¤y-ap-‡n-hn-jtb f ]n ]tcm-]-Imcw Pmbm-fl-PmZn kplrZmw Ipi-ew al-Xzw. 4 _p[Zi kuayx ItcmXn ˛ _p[-Z-i-bn¬, kplr-Zm-K-aw ˛ kplr-Øp-°-fpsS/_‘p°fpsS BK-aw-, B-fl- kuJyw ˛ kpJw hnZz¬{]-iw-kn-X bi› ˛ hnZzm-∑m-cpsS {]iwkaqeap≠mIp∂ bi v, Kpcp-{]-kmZw, ˛ BNmcys‚ k¥pjvSn {]mK-¤y-w D-‡n-hn-jtb ˛ hmIvNm-Xpcyw, ]tcm-]-Imcw ˛ a‰p-≈-h¿°v D]-Imcw sNøpI Pmbm-fl-PmZn kplrZmw Ipi-ew al-Xzw˛`mcy, a°ƒ, kplr-Øp-°ƒ XpS-ßn-b- h¿°v Ipi-ehpw al-Xzhpw. 435
  • 355. ^eZo]nI 350 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (11) [¿Ω-{In-bm-]vXn-a-a-tc-{μ-Kpcp¿hn-[tØ k¥m--kn-≤n-a-h-o-]-Xn-]q-P-w N «mLy-Xz-ap-∂-X-P-tjp KPm-iz-bm-˛ {]m]vXnw h[q-kp-X-kp-lr-Zyp-Xn-an-jvS-kn-≤nw. 5 KpcpZi A-a-tc-{μ-Kpcpx hn-[tØ ˛ Kpcp-Z-i-bn¬, [¿Ω-{In-bm-]vXn- ˛ [m¿ΩnI {]h¿Øn-Iƒ, k¥m--kn-≤n- ˛ k¥m--em`w, Ah-o-]-Xn-]q-P-w N ˛ cmP_lp-amw, «mLy-Xz-w D∂-X-P-tjp ˛ D∂X hy‡n-I-fpsS {]iwk, KP A-iz- bm- {]m]vXnw ˛ B, IpXn-c, hmlw Ch-bpsS e_v[n h[q -kp-X -kp-lr-Zyp-Xn- ˛ `mcy, a°ƒ, kplr-Øp-°ƒ Ch-cpsS kmao]yw C-jvS-kn-≤nw ˛ CjvSem`w (12) {IoUm-kp-tJm-]-I-c-Wmn kphm-l-m]vXnw tKmc-Xv-`q-j-W-n-[n- {]-a-Zm-{]-tamZw ⁄m-{Inbmw ken-e-bm--ap-ss]Xn iu{Iymw Ieym-W-I¿Ω-_-lp-am--an-fm-[n-m-YmXv. 6 ip{I-Z-i Dss]Xn iu{Iymw ˛ ip{I-Z-i-bn¬, {IoUm -kp-J- D]-I-c-Wmn ˛ hntm-Z-Ønpw kpJØnpw th≠ D]-I-c- W߃, * * {IoUm (ImahntmZw) kpJØnp th≠sX√mw ˛˛as‰mcp hymJymw) kphm-l- B]vXnw ˛ √ hmlw ChbpsS e_v[n, tKm c-Xv -`q-j-W- n-[n {]-a-Zm -{]-tamZw ˛ ]ip-°ƒ, c-Xvw, `q-j-Ww-, n-[n kv{Xo Chaqeap≈ kt¥mjw ⁄m-{Inbmw ˛ ⁄m-kºm-Z--Ønp th≠ {]h¿Øn-Iƒ, ken-e-bm-w- ˛ Pe-bm{X, Ieym-W-I¿Ω - ˛ awK-f-I¿Ω-߃, _-lp-am-w -C-fm-[n-m-Ym¬. ˛ cmP-_-lp-amw
  • 356. A≤ymbw 19 (Zim^ew) 351 Translation,DTPandlayoutbyMullappilly (13) ]mtI f ¿°-Pky nP-Zm-c-kp-Xm-Zn-tcm-Km≥ hmtXm-Ø-cm≥ Irjn-hn-m-i-a-kXv{]-em]w Ipkv{Xo-cXnw ]cn-P-ss¿hn-bpXnw {]hm-k˛ amI-kvanIw kzP--`q-an-kp-Jm¿∞-m-iw. 7 inZi ]mtI A¿°-Pky ˛- inZibn¬, nP- Zm-c- kp-Xm-Zn -tcm-Km≥ hmtXm-Ø-cm≥ ˛ Xn°pw `mcybv°pw a°ƒ°pw hmX-kw-_-‘-amb tcmK-߃, Irjn-hn-m-iw- ˛ Irjn-miw, AkXv {]-em]w ˛ Ak-Øp-°-fp-ambn hmt°‰w, Ipkv{Xo-cXnw ˛ NoØ kv{XoI-fp-ambn _‘w, ]cn-P-ss hn-bpXnw ˛ `rXy-jvSw, {]hm-kw ˛ ]c-tZ-i-hmkw, BIkvanIw kzP-- `q-an -kp-J A¿∞ -m-iw ˛ kzP-w, `qan, kpJw, [w Ch-bpsS AhnNmcnXamb jvSw. (14) Ipcym-Zlnx £nXn-]-tNm-c-hn-jm-·n-ikv{X˛ `oXnw kpXm¿-Øn-a-Xn-hn-{`-a-_-‘p-miw oNm-]-am---a-Xn-{I-a-tXm- f ]-hmZw ÿm-NypXnw ]Z-lXnw IrX-Im-cy-lm-nw. (15) hn[p-¥ptZ ip`m-zntX {]ikvX `mh-kw-bptX Zim ip`-{]Zm XZm alo-]-Xp-ey-`q-Xn-Zm A`o-jvS-Im-cy-kn-≤tbm Krtl kpJ-ÿn-Xn¿`-th˛ ZN-©-em¿∞-k-©bmx £nXu {]kn-≤-Io¿Ø-bx. (16) Iym-k-ao-m-fn-K-Xky cmtlm¿˛ Zim-hn-]mtI aln-X© kuJyw tZim-[n-]Xyw [-hm-l-m]vXnw Zim-h-kmt kIew hnm-iw. 8 cmlpZi 1 Ipcym-Zlnx ˛ cmlp Zi-bn¬, £nXn-] -tNm-c -hn-j A·n -ikv{X `oXnw ˛cmPm-hv, I≈-∑m¿