IntroductionParts of hadithClassification of hadithHistoryDifference between Sunnah and hadithImportance of ahadithHow ahadith were preservedCriticism on preservation of hadithConclusions
What is a hadith ?Components of hadithClassification of hadith.
A hadith is a saying or narration of a Prophet(S.A.W.W) speech ,deed, or approval or disapproval-whether spoken or tacit- about something.
Hadith e qudsi (sacred) Hadith e marfu (elevated) Hadith e mauquf (stopped) Hadith e muqtu (severed)
HistoryPassed down mostly by Oral meansCaliph Usman ibn Affan(the third khalifa (caliph).No source directly survivesIslamic scholars of Abbasid period faced withhuge number of contradictions about Hadith.
Great difference b/w Sunnah and Hadith Hadith doesn’t add anything to the contents of Islam Word meaning of Hadith according to Islamic scholars Sunnah literally means “busy path", "trodden path", "beaten Path” Hadith can be inauthentic Sunnah is purely related to practical aspects of Islam and is Independent Source of Islam
Compulsory for us to follow Prophet(S.A.W.W) and his AhadithFew Quranic versesFew stories/event’s happened to imambukhari
The prophet (s.a.w.w)and his position according to theQuran.Teaching of ahadith by the Prophet(s.a.w.w)Measures taken by the Prophet (s.a.w.w) for the diffusion ofSunnahSunnah received by the companionsCompanions learning of ahadithRecording of ahadith in the life of the Prophet (s.a.w.w)Some misunderstandings about recording of ahadith
1) Chain System2) Actual System
Beginning of criticismMethodology/system of criticism1. Comparison of hadith b/w different students of one scholar2. Comparison b/w the statements of a single scholar at different time3. Comparison b/w oral recitation and written documents4. Comparison b/w hadith and related verses of Quran
Chain of narration must be unbroken Every narrator in the chain must be of acceptable righteousness and character Moral characteristics are not sufficient Chain and text must not contradict No chances of mistakes upon inspection
Must follow Sunnah and Hadith Must consult and look for all the possible solutions of problems faced in life in Sunnah and Hadith. May Allah (SWT) change our mind and give us taufeeq to learn our Deen and practice upon the Sunnah and Hadith of His beloved Nabi (S.A.W.W). (AMEEN)