Chapter 2 basic financial statements exercise
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Chapter 2 basic financial statements exercise

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it has balance sheets, income statements,transactions, and some complex transactions with tables.

it has balance sheets, income statements,transactions, and some complex transactions with tables.

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Chapter 2 basic financial statements exercise Chapter 2 basic financial statements exercise Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 2 Basic Financial StatementsSolutions:Exercise 2.2Preparing a Balance Sheet Majestic Limo Manager’s Report 8 P.m. Thursday Assets Owner’s EquityCash $ 69,000 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 78,000 Notes Payable $ 288,000Supplies 14,000 Accounts Payable 26,000Land 70,000 Total Liabilities $ 314,000Building 80,000 Owner’s equity:Automobiles 165,000 J.Snow, capital 162,000Total $ 476,000 Total $ 476,000
  • Exercise 2.3Preparing a Balance Sheet PEREZ COMPANY Balance Sheet December 31, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 36,300 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 56,700 Notes Payable $ 213,000Land 90,000 Accounts Payable 43,800Building 210,000 Total Liabilities $ 257,400Automobiles 10,000 Owner’s equity: Eduardo Perez, capital 145,800Total $ 403,200 Total $ 403,200
  • Exercise 2.5Using the Accounting Equation Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity a. $ 558,000 $ 342,000 ? b. ? $ 565,000 $ 375,000 c. $ 307,500 ? $ 142,500 a. $ 216,000: Assets $ 558,000 – liabilities $ 342,000 = owner’s equity $ 216,000 b. $ 937,500: Liabilities $ 565,500 + owner’s equity $ 375,000 = assets $ 937,500 c. $ 165,000: Assets $ 307,500 – owner’s equity $ 142,500 = liabilities $ 165,000
  • Exercise 2.6The Accounting Equation A number of business transactions carried out by Green River Farms are as follows: a. Borrowed money from a Bank. b. Sold land for cash at a price equal to its cost. c. Paid a liability. d. Returned for credit some of the office equipment previously purchased on credit but not yet paid for. e. Sold land for cast at a price in excess of cost. f. Purchased a computer on credit. g. The owner invested cash in the business. h. Purchased office equipment for cash. i. Collected an account receivable. Transactions Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s equity a I I NE b NE NE NE c D D NE d D D NE e I NE I f I I Ne g I NE I h NE NE NE I NE NE Ne
  • Exercise 2.7Effects of Business Transactions For each of the following categories, state concisely a transaction that will have the required effect on the elements of the accounting equation. a. Increase an asset and increase in liability. b. Decrease an asset and decrease a liability. c. Increase one asset and decrease another asset. d. Increase an asset and increase owner’s equity. e. Increase one asset, decrease another asset, and increase a liability. Solutions: a. Purchase of office equipment on cash. b. Payment against liability. c. Sold land on cash. d. Investment of cash in business. e. Bought land, paid some cash in advance and the rest amount is A/P,N/P.
  • Exercise 2.12Income StatementWalter, Inc., had the following transactions during the month of march 2001. Prepare an income statement based on this information, being careful to includeonly those items that should appear in that financial Statement. 1. Cash received from bank loans was $ 10,000. 2. Revenues earned and received in cash were $ 8,500. 3. The owner, Bev Walters, withdrew $ 4,000 in cash. 4. Expenses incurred and paid were $ 5,000. Walters, Inc. Income Statement For the Month Ended March 31,2001Revenues $ 8,500Expenses 5,000Net income $ 3,500
  • Exercise 2.13Income Statement Fowler Company Income Statement For the month ended August 31, 2001Services provided to customers $ 10,000Expenses required to provide servers to customers 7,500Net income $ 2,500
  • ProblemsProblem 2.1Preparing and Evaluating a Balance Sheet Mystery Mountain Lodge Balance Sheet December 31, 2001 Assets Liabilities + Owner’s EquityCash $ 21,400 liabilities:Accounts receivable 10,609 Notes Payable $ 620,000Land 425,000 Accounts Payable 54,800Buildings 450,000 Salaries Payable 33,500Furnishings 58,700 Interest Payable 12,000Equipment 29,200 Total liabilities $ 720,300Snowmobiles 15,400 Owner’s equity: * Stanley Gardner, capital 290,000Total $ 1,010,300 Total $ 1,010,900* Stanley Gardner, Capital =?Total Assets= $ 1,010,300 – total liabilities $ 720,300 = Capital = $ 290,000B.The balance sheet indicates that Mystery Mountain Lodge is in a very weak financial position because liquid assets (cash and accounts receivable) are only $32,000, and the company has liabilities in near future (A/P, S/P, I/P) are $ 100,300. So based on this balance sheet the company’s financial position is very weak.
  • Problem 2.2Interpreting the Effects of Business TransactionsAssets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity Cash + A/R + Land + Building + Equipment = A/P + P.YoungBlood,capitalBalances $ 26,000 $ 39,000 $ 45,000 $ 110,000 $ 36,000 $ 42,000 $ 214,000(a) - 3,200 -3,200Balances $ 22,000 $ 39,000 $ 45,000 $ 110,000 $ 39,200 $ 42,000 $ 214,000(b) -900 -900Balances $ 23,700 $ 38,100 $ 45,000 $ 110,000 $ 39,200 $ 42,000 $ 214,000(c) -3,500 - 13,500 -10,000Balances $ 20,200 $ 38,100 $ 45,000 $ 110,000 $ 52,700 $ 52,000 $ 214,000(d) - 14,500 - 14,500Balances $ 5,700 $ 38,100 $ 45,000 $ 110,000 $ 52,700 $ 37,500 $ 214,000(e) + 15,000 + 15,000Balances $ 20,700 $ 38,100 $ 45,000 $ 110,000 $ 52,700 $ 37,500 $ 229,000(f) + 2,100 + 2,100Balances $ 20,700 $ 38,100 $ 45,000$ 110,000 $ 54,800$ 39,600 $ 229,000 a. Purchased equipment for cash at a cost of $ 3,200. b. Received $ 900 cash from collection of accounts receivable. c. Purchased equipment at a cost of $ 13,500, paid $ 3,500 cash as down payment and incurred a liability for the remaining $ 10,000. d. Paid $ 14,500 of A/P. e. Youngblood invested $ 15,000 in business. f. Purchased equipment on account for $ 2,100.
  • Problem 2.3Recording the effects of Transactions 1. C.Sagan, the owner, deposited $ 25,000 of personal funds into the business’s bank account. 2. Purchased land and a small office building for a total price of $ 90,000, of which $ 35,000 was the value of the land and $ 55,000 was the value of the building. Paid @22,500 in cash and signed a note payable for the remaining $ 67,500. 3. Bought several computer systems on credit for $ 8,500 (30-day open account). 4. Obtained a loan from capital bank in the amount of @ 10,000. Signed a note payable. 5. Paid the @ 28,250 account payable owed as of December 31. NOVA COMMUNICATIONS Transactions Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity Cash +December 31 balances Land + Building + Office Equipment = N/P + A/P + C.sagan,capitalBalances $ 37,000 $ 95,000 $ 125,000 $ 51,250 $ 80,000 $ 28,250 $ 200,000 1. 25,000+ 25,000Balances $ 62,000 $ 95,000 $ 125,000 $ 51,250 $ 80,000 $ 28,250 $ 225,000 2. - 22,500+ 35,000+ 55,000+ 67,500Balances $ 39,500 $ 130,000 $ 180,000 $ 51,250 $ 147,500 $ 28,250 $ 225,000 3. + 8,500 + 8,500Balances $ 39,500 $ 130,000 $ 180,000 $ 59,750 $ 147,500 $ 36,750 $ 225,000 4. + 10,000+ 10,000Balances $ 49,500 $ 130,000 $ 180,000 $ 59,750 $ 157,500 $ 36,750 $ 225,000 5. - 28,250- 28,250Balances $ 21,250 $ 130,000 $ 180,000 $ 59,750 $ 157,500 $ 8,500 $ 225,000
  • Problem 2.4Recording the effects of Transactions 1. Bought office equipment at a cost of $ 2,700. Paid cash. 2. Collected $ 4,000 of A/R. 3. Paid $ 3,200 of A/P. 4. Borrowed $ 10,000 from a bank. Signed a N/P for that amount. 5. Purchased two trucks for $ 30,500. Paid $ 15,000 cash and signed a N/P for the balance. 6. Bill Foreman, the owner, invested $ 20,000 cash in the business. Triad-Truck Rental Transactions Assets = Liabilities + Owner’s Equity Cash +December 31 balances A/R + Trucks + Office Equipment = N/P + A/P + Bill Foreman,capitalBalances $ 9,500 $ 8,900 $ 58,000 $3,800 $ 20,000 $ 5,200 $ 55,000 1. - 2,700+ 2,700Balances $ 6,800 $ 8,900 $ 58,000 $ 6,500 $ 20,000 $ 5,200 $ 55,000 2. + 4,000- 4,000Balances $ 10,800 $ 4,900 $ 58,000 $ 6,500 $ 20,000 $ 5,200 $ 55,000 3. - 3,200- 3,200Balances $ 7,600 $ 4,900 $ 58,000 $ 6,500 $ 20,000 $ 2,000 $ 55,000 4. + 10,000+ 10,000Balances $ 17,600$ 4,900$ 58,000 $ 6,500 $ 30,000 $ 2,000 $ 55,000 5. - 15,000+ 30,500Balances $ 2,600 $ 4,900 $ 88,000 $ 6,500 $ 30,000 $ 2,000 $ 55,000 6. + 20,000+ 20,000Balances $ 22,600$ 4,900$ 88,000 $ 6,500 $ 30,000 $ 2,000 $ 75,000
  • Problem 2.5Preparing a Balance Sheet HERE COME THE CLOWNS! Balance Sheet June 30, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 32,520 Liabilities:Notes Receivable 9,500 Notes Payable $ 180,000Accounts Receivable 7,450 Accounts Payable 26,100Animals 189,060 Salaries Payable 9,750Cages 24,630 Total Liabilities $ 257,400Costumes 31,500 Owner’s equity:Props and equipment 89,580 Red Costello, capital 145,800Tents 63,000Trucks105,840Total $ 553,080 Total $ 553,080After loss of tent worth of $ 14,300.Less $ 14,300 from Tent in assets and from capital in owner’s equity. HERE COME THE CLOWNS! Balance Sheet June 30, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 32,520 Liabilities:Notes Receivable 9,500 Notes Payable $ 180,000Accounts Receivable 7,450 Accounts Payable 26,100Animals 189,060 Salaries Payable 9,750Cages 24,630 Total Liabilities $ 257,400Costumes 31,500 Owner’s equity:Props and equipment 89,580 Red Costello, capital 131,500Tents 48,700Trucks 105,840Total $ 538,780 Total $ 538,780
  • Problem 2.6Preparing a Balance Sheet RED RIVER FARMS Balance Sheet September 30, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 16,710 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 22,365 Notes Payable $ 530,000Land 550,000 Accounts Payable 77,095Barns and Sheds 78,300 Property Taxes Payable 9,135Citrus Trees 76,650 Salaries Payable 1,820Livestock 120,780 Total Liabilities $ 618,050Irrigation System 20,125 Owner’s equity:Farm machinery 42,970 Hollis Roberts, capital 343,420Fences and gates33,570Total $ 961,470 Total $ 961,470After loss of barn and shed worth of $ 23,800.Less $ 23,800 from Barns and Sheds in assets and from owner’s equity. RED RIVER FARMS Balance Sheet September 30, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 16,710 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 22,365 Notes Payable $ 530,000Land 550,000 Accounts Payable 77,095Barns and Sheds 54,500 Property Taxes Payable 9,135Citrus Trees 76,650 Salaries Payable 1,820Livestock 120,780 Total Liabilities $ 618,050Irrigation System 20,125 Owner’s equity:Farm machinery 42,970 Hollis Roberts, capital 319,620Fences and gates 33,570Total $ 937,670 Total $ 937,670
  • Problem 2.7Preparing a Balance Sheet THE JULIAN BAKERY Balance Sheet August 1, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 6,940 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 11,260 Notes Payable $ 74,900Suppliers 7,000 Accounts Payable 16,200Land 67,000 Salaries Payable 8,900Building 84,000 Total Liabilities $ 100,000Equipment and fixtures 44,500 Owner’s equity: Julian Lee, capital 120,700Total $ 220,700 Total $ 220,700Aug 2. Lee invested an addition $ 25,000 in the business. The accounts payable were paid in full. (No payment was made on the notes payable or income taxespayable).Aug 3. Equipment was purchased at a cost of $ 7,200 to be paid within 10 days. Supplies were purchased for $ 1,250 cash from a restaurant supply center thatwas going out of business. These supplies would have cost $ 1,890 if purchased through normal channels. THE JULIAN BAKERY Balance Sheet August 3, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 14,490 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 11,260 Notes Payable $ 74,900Suppliers 8,250 Accounts Payable 7,200Land 67,000 Salaries Payable 8,900Building 84,000 Total Liabilities $ 91,000Equipment and fixtures 51,700 Owner’s equity: Julian Lee, capital 145,700Total $ 236,700 Total $ 236,700
  • On Aug 1. The liquid assets cash and A/R are $ 18,200 and liabilities A/P, S/P are $ 25,100, so from this balance sheet it’s financial position is weak.Aug 3, the liquid assets cash and A/R are $ 25,750 while liabilities are A/P, S/P are equal to $ 10100 so it’s financial position is stronger on aug 3 than aug 1.
  • Problem 2.8Preparing Financial Statements:Effects of Business Transactions THE ORGINAL MALT SHOP Balance Sheet September 30, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 7,400 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 1,250 *Notes Payable $ 70,000Supplies 3,440 Accounts Payable 8,500Land 45,500 Total Liabilities $ 78,500Building 55,000 Owner’s equity:Equipment and fixtures 20,000 Julian Lee, capital 54,090Total $ 132,590 Total $ 132,590Oct 3. Martin invested an addition $ 30,000 in the business. The accounts payable were paid in full. (No payment was made on the notes payable or incometaxes payable).Oct 6. Equipment was purchased at a cost of $ 18,000 to be paid within 30 days. Supplies were purchased for $ 1,000 cash from a restaurant supply center thatwas going out of business. These supplies would have cost $ 1,875 if purchased through normal channels.Oct 1-6. Revenues of $ 5,500 were earned and paid in cash. Expenses required to earn the revenues of $ 4,000 were incurred and paid in cash. THE ORGINAL MALT SHOP Balance Sheet October 6, 2001 Assets Liability & Owner’s EquityCash $ 27,900 Liabilities:Accounts Receivable 1,250 *Notes Payable $ 70,000Supplies 4,440 Accounts Payable 8,500Land 45,500 Total Liabilities $ 78,500Building 55,000 Owner’s equity:Equipment and fixtures 38,000 Julian Lee, capital 84,090Total $ 172,090 Total $ 172,090
  • Oct 1-6. Revenues of $ 5,500 were earned and paid in cash. Expenses required to earn the revenues of $ 4,000 were incurred and paid in cash. THE ORGINAL MALT SHOP Income Statement October 1-6, 2001Revenues $ 5,500Expenses (4,000)Net income $ 1,500C. The original Mark has a liquid assets (cash and A/R) are $ 8,650 and liabilities in near future are (A/R) $ 8,500, so it’s in a stronger financial position though thedifference is very little but still it’s in a stronger financial position by looking at the balance sheet of September 30.while the liquid assets (cash and A/R) on October 6 are $ 29,150 because of addition investment by the owner and liabilities in the near future are $ 8,500, so thecompany’s financial position is more stronger than that on 30th September because the there is more excess amount of cash with the company on October 6than September 30th.