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Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
Organelles
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Organelles

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  • 1. Cell Structures, Functions and Transport
  • 2. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolu s Nucleus Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  • 3. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Nucleus  Nickname: “The Control Center”  Function: holds the DNA  Parts:  Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosomes
  • 4. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  • 5. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Ribosomes  Function: makes proteins  Found in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic
  • 6. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  Nickname: “Roads”  Function: The internal delivery system of the cell
  • 7. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane Smooth Rough Endoplasmic Endoplasmic Reticulum ReticulumGo toSection:
  • 8. Endoplasmic Reticulum  2 Types: 1. Rough ER:  Rough appearance because it has ribosomes  Function: helps make proteins, that’s why it has ribosomes 2. Smooth ER:  NO ribosomes  Function: makes fats or lipids
  • 9. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Reticulum Golgi ComplexGo toSection:
  • 10. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Golgi Complex  Nickname: The shippers  Function: packages, modifies, and transports materials to different location inside/outside of the cell  Appearance: stack of pancakes
  • 11. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Reticulum Golgi BodiesGo toSection:
  • 12. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than ribosomes)  Nickname: “Clean-up Crews”  Function: to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells
  • 13. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane MitochondriaRough Endoplasmic Smooth EndoplasmicReticulum Reticulum Golgi Bodies
  • 14. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Mitochondria  Nickname: “The Powerhouse”  Function: Energy formation  Breaks down food to make ATP  ATP: is the major fuel for all cell activities that require energy
  • 15. Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane MitochondriaRough Endoplasmic Smooth EndoplasmicReticulum Reticulum Golgi Bodies
  • 16.  Now let’s talk about structures only found in PLANT Cells!!
  • 17. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuol e Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  • 18. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Vacuoles  Function: stores water  This is what makes lettuce crisp  When there is no water, the plant wilts
  • 19. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  • 20. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Chloroplasts  Function: traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell  Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment
  • 21. Chloroplasts
  • 22. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Cell WallGo toSection:
  • 23. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Cell Wall  Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane  Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells
  • 24. Plant Cell Cytoplasm Vacuole Smooth ER Ribosomes ChloroplastsCell MembraneCell Wall Nucleolus Golgi Bodies Nucleus Mitochondria Rough ER
  • 25. Comparing Plant and Animal Cells Plant Animal

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