Cell Structures, Functions and           Transport
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2           Animal Cell                                  Cytoplasm  ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                    Function1.       Nucleus             Nickname: “The Control Center”    ...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2               Animal Cell                                      Cyt...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                Function1.       Ribosomes         Function: makes proteins         Found ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                    Function1.       Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)         Nickname: “Roads”  ...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2               Animal Cell                                      Cyt...
Endoplasmic Reticulum    2 Types:      1. Rough ER:               Rough appearance because it has                ribosom...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2               Animal Cell                                      Cyt...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and               Function       Golgi Complex        Nickname: The shippers        Function...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2               Animal Cell                                      Cyt...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and               Function       Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than        ribosomes)      ...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells    Section 7-2               Animal Cell                               Cytoplasm        ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                    Function1.       Mitochondria         Nickname: “The Powerhouse”      ...
Animal Cell                             Cytoplasm               Nucleolus                 Ribosomes             Nucleus   ...
   Now let’s talk about structures only    found in PLANT Cells!!
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2                                 Plant Cell                        ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                Function1.       Vacuoles         Function: stores water             This ...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2                                      Plant Cell                   ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                Function1.       Chloroplasts         Function: traps energy from the sun t...
Chloroplasts
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells           Section 7-2                                      Plant Cell                   ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and                Function1.       Cell Wall         Function: provides support and          ...
Plant Cell   Cytoplasm                  Vacuole         Smooth ER                                                 Ribosome...
Comparing Plant and Animal Cells     Plant           Animal
Organelles
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Organelles

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Organelles

  1. 1. Cell Structures, Functions and Transport
  2. 2. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolu s Nucleus Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  3. 3. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Nucleus  Nickname: “The Control Center”  Function: holds the DNA  Parts:  Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosomes
  4. 4. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  5. 5. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Ribosomes  Function: makes proteins  Found in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic
  6. 6. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)  Nickname: “Roads”  Function: The internal delivery system of the cell
  7. 7. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane Smooth Rough Endoplasmic Endoplasmic Reticulum ReticulumGo toSection:
  8. 8. Endoplasmic Reticulum  2 Types: 1. Rough ER:  Rough appearance because it has ribosomes  Function: helps make proteins, that’s why it has ribosomes 2. Smooth ER:  NO ribosomes  Function: makes fats or lipids
  9. 9. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Reticulum Golgi ComplexGo toSection:
  10. 10. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Golgi Complex  Nickname: The shippers  Function: packages, modifies, and transports materials to different location inside/outside of the cell  Appearance: stack of pancakes
  11. 11. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Reticulum Golgi BodiesGo toSection:
  12. 12. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than ribosomes)  Nickname: “Clean-up Crews”  Function: to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells
  13. 13. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane MitochondriaRough Endoplasmic Smooth EndoplasmicReticulum Reticulum Golgi Bodies
  14. 14. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Mitochondria  Nickname: “The Powerhouse”  Function: Energy formation  Breaks down food to make ATP  ATP: is the major fuel for all cell activities that require energy
  15. 15. Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Ribosomes Nucleus Cell Membrane MitochondriaRough Endoplasmic Smooth EndoplasmicReticulum Reticulum Golgi Bodies
  16. 16.  Now let’s talk about structures only found in PLANT Cells!!
  17. 17. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuol e Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  18. 18. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Vacuoles  Function: stores water  This is what makes lettuce crisp  When there is no water, the plant wilts
  19. 19. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell MembraneGo toSection:
  20. 20. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Chloroplasts  Function: traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell  Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment
  21. 21. Chloroplasts
  22. 22. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Cell WallGo toSection:
  23. 23. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function1. Cell Wall  Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane  Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells
  24. 24. Plant Cell Cytoplasm Vacuole Smooth ER Ribosomes ChloroplastsCell MembraneCell Wall Nucleolus Golgi Bodies Nucleus Mitochondria Rough ER
  25. 25. Comparing Plant and Animal Cells Plant Animal
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