Introduction to biology
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  • 1. INTRODUCTION TOBIOLOGYMAJOR CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING ORGANISMS
  • 2. MAJOR BRANCHES OF BIOLOGY•TAXONOMY--> a science that deals with the grouping and namingof living things.•MORPHOLOGY--> a science that deals with the forms and structuresof organisms.•EMBRYOLOGY--> a science that deals with the development oforganisms.•PHYSIOLOGY--> a science that deals with the functions andactivities of organisms.•GENETICS--> a science that deals with the transmission of traits andcharacters.•ECOLOGY--> a science that deals with the interrelationships betweenliving things and their environment.•BIOGEOGRAPHY--> a science that deals with the distribution of theorganisms on the earths surface.•EVOLUTION--> a science that deals with the origin of life and living forms.
  • 3. Major classification of living organisms: Previous Kingdoms of Living Things
  • 4. Whittaker’s Kingdoms of Living organisms
  • 5. Levels of biological organization
  • 6. LIVING WORLD IN TIME AND SPACE
  • 7. APPLICATION OF BIOLOGY FOR THE WELFARE IFMANKIND 1. Vaccination 2. Radiotherapy 3. Chemotherapy
  • 8. Cloning