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Energy Crisis


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Energy Crisis and its solution

Energy Crisis and its solution

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  • 1. • IntroductionPhase1 • Means of Energy in Pakistan • Pakistan’s Total Capacity • Reason of Energy Shortfall in PakistanPhase 2 • Impact of Energy Shortfall in our economy • RecommendationPhase 3Phase 4 • Solvation of Crisis will benefit our National Economy • Future Considerations and Plans for next 50 years
  • 2. Energy: It is a capacity of a physicalsystem to perform work.It Plays a vital role in our Socio –Economics development of anyCountryUses:- Industrial and Agriculture purpose- Domestic use of citizen
  • 3.  It is a Energy related to Electricity
  • 4. Dams Coal, Bio Gass Hydel Thermal Reciprocate (Diesel/Gas) Engine
  • 5. Air Sun Light Wind Solar Mill Atomic Nuclear
  • 6. Requirement•19,855 •4,855 MW •15,000 MW Generation MW Surplus Capacity
  • 7. 1- WAPDA – HydelTerbela 3478MW Rasul 22MWMangla 1000MW Shadiwal 28MWBarotha 1450MW Nandi pur 24MWWarsak 243MW Kurram 4MWChasma 184MW Chitral 2MWDargai 20MW Jagran 30MW Total Wapda Hydel 6,461MW
  • 8. 2- WAPDA – Thermal Shadra 59MW Kotri 174MWFaislabad 132MW Jamshoro 850MWFaislabad 244MW Larkana 150MW Multan 195MW Quetta 35MWMuzzafargarh 1350MW Punjgur 39MW Guddu 1655MW Pasni 17MW Total Wapda Thermal 4,811MW
  • 9. 1,756MW 6,365MW 642MW
  • 10. WAPDA KESC IPPS PAEC 9% 32% 57% 2%
  • 11.  Demand  Supply14,500 MW as per April Pepco Merely2011 (Pakistan Supplying 10,000MWeconomic SurveyReport) 25000 20000 15000 Supply 10000 Demand 5000 0 2012
  • 12. Household 45.6%Commercial 7.4% Industrial 28.4% Agriculture 11.8% Street Light 0.6% Govt 6.2%
  • 13. 1- Economic and Political instability Effect our GDP & Energy Growth 2- Fluctuation of Oil Price in International MarketWapda and KESC purchase expensive oil from Market and Transfer cost to Consumer 3- Faulty Distribution System 15% to 20% Energy is wasted due to poor distribution system
  • 14. 4- Aging of equipment Unable to generate required electricity 5- Silting ProcessIt is Naturally cased process which reduce storage capacity of our reservoirs 6- Circular Debt It is causing less production of Electricity
  • 15.  Effect Education System.5-7 hours of electricityoutage effect onStudent’s studies
  • 16.  Effect on Industrial Sector. minimum supply of Energy resource to Industries lead minimum Production
  • 17. • Higher Electricity PriceConsumer to Payhigh price ofelectricity due toinsufficient supplyand high cost ofelectricityproduction
  • 18. • Effect on Economy Minimum Supply ofEnergy into aneconomic will leadto less economyactivity as wholeproduction ofcountry will not be asper its capacity.
  • 19. • Unemployment Downfall ofeconomy to anyindustry will allowdownsizing ofemployment andcloses of Newhiring
  • 20. Transformation of Existing SystemDeveloping and installation of Solar andWind Project in VillageInduction of more IPPs in energy generationsystem
  • 21. After overcoming in energy crisis, following bestadvantages to our national economy