Aims and objects of creation of pakistan.


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its about aims and objectives. the people before 1947 , what kind of thinking they have and what are the diffrences between them and us.
dont just read it , try to understand the feelings about our dear homeland

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Aims and objects of creation of pakistan.

  2. 2. Setting up for a free islamic country • The main objective of creation of pakistan was to establish a free islamic society having its own identity and government, practicing its own social principles and religion and inviting the muslim world
  3. 3. Two nation vs one theory Two nation theory One nation 1) One country pakistan 2) second country hindustn One country hindustan 1)One nation muslim 2) second nation hindu One nation hindu 1) One language urdu 2) second language hindi One language hindi 1) One religion islam 2) second religion hinduism One religion hinduism 1) One constitution islam 2) second constitution philosophy of gandhi One constitution philosophy of gandhi
  4. 4. Two nation vs one theory • The Two Nation theory in its simplest way means the cultural, political, religious, economic and social dissimilarities between the two major communities, Hindus and Muslims of the Sub Continent. These differences of out look, in fact, were greatly instrumental in giving rise to two distinct political ideologies which were responsible for the partition of subcontinent into two independent states.
  5. 5. Two nation vs one theory • Quaid-e-Azam believed that Congress and Hindus would never recognize the rights of Muslims. Jinnah declared while representing the Muslims in the Second Round Table Conference in 1913: “The Hindu Muslim dispute must be settled before the enforcements of any system or constitution .Until you do not give guarantee for the safeguard of the Muslim interests, until you do not win their (Muslims) co-operations, any constitution you enforce shall not consist for even 24 hours.”
  6. 6. Two nation theory • Sir. Syed Ahmad Khan was the first Muslim leader who propounded this theory. In the beginning he was a staunch advocate of Hindu Muslim unity. Later on while observing the prejudice Hindu and congress attitude toward the Muslims, he came forward with his two nation concept and declared that the Muslims were a separate nation Having their own culture and civilization
  7. 7. Establishment of Islamic democracy • islam has given an ideal concept off democracy which is distinctively different from the western concept. In Islam democratic system everyone is equal and no one enjoys a privileged position on the basis of his social status. One of the main objectives of the freedom movement was that the Muslims of the sub-continent wanted a country where the ideal system of Islamic democracy could be installed.
  8. 8. Establishment of Islamic democracy(cont) • About Quaid Azam concepts they refer some of his following like statements. We have to fight a double edged battle, one against the Hindu Congress and the British Imperialists, both of them being capitalists. The Muslims demand Pakistan where they could rule according to their own code of life and according to their own cultural growth, traditions and Islamic laws.” (speech at the Frontier Muslim League Conference on November 21, 1945)
  9. 9. Protection of Muslim culture and civilization • The Muslims were always a separate nation because of their distinctive cultural values and patterns. They were easily distinguishable from other nations on the basis of their social behaviours. The Muslim culture, civilization and literature were the living and proud symbols of the Muslims identity as a separate and distinct nation. Although the Muslims lived with Hindus and other nations for centuries, yet they proudly main tend their separate image.
  10. 10. Diffrence between muslim and hindu culture hinduism muslim PLACE OF WORSHIP Temple (Mandir) Mosque/masjid, any place which is clean. LIFE AFTER DEATH A constant cycle of reincarnation until enlightenment is reached. A Muslim and all the beings will be accountable to Allah Almighty on the Day of Judgement PRINCIPLE To follow dharma, i.e. eternal laws Say, "He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent." Quran: Surah Al Ikhlas RITES Some Hindus believe in a "thread ceremony" for men. Five pillars: Prayer, purification, funerals, circumsicion, sharing of animals in thanksgiving, Quran recitation, marriage.
  11. 11. SUMMRY • 1.Hindus are the people who follow the practices and beliefs of Hinduism while Muslims are those that follow Islam. 2.Hindus believe in many gods while Muslims believe in only one God, Allah. 3.Hindus don’t eat cows while Muslims don’t eat pigs. 4.Hindus believe in rebirth or reincarnation while Muslims believe in the separation of the soul and body after death. 5.Muslims observe many religious practices like the namaz, roza, and shahadah. •
  12. 12. Protection of urdu language • This situation provoked the Muslims to come out in order to protect the importance of the Urdu language. The opposition by the Hindus towards the Urdu language made it clear to the Muslims of the region that Hindus were not ready to tolerate the culture and traditions of the Muslims. Hindus began to demand that Hindi should be made an official language in place of Urdu, and they started a movement in Banaras in which they demanded the replacement of Urdu with Hindi
  13. 13. Protection of urdu language • In 1867, some Hindus in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during the British Raj in India began to demand that Hindi be made an official language in place of Urdu.Babu Shiva Prasad of Banares was one of the early proponents of the Nagari script. In a Memorandum on court characters written in 1868, he accused the early Muslim rulers of India for forcing them to learn Persian. In 1897, Madan Moha Malaviya published a collection of documents and statements titled Court character and primary education in North Western Provinces and Oudh, in which, he made a compelling case for Hindi.
  14. 14. Protection of urdu language • " Speaking to Mr. Shakespeare, the governor of Banaras, after the language controversy heated up, he said "I am now convinced that the Hindus and Muslims could never become one nation as their religion and way of life was quite distinct from one and other."
  15. 15. Protection of urdu language • Sir Syed later said "now I am convinced that both these communities will not join whole heartedly in anything. At present there is no open hostility between the two communities but it will increase immensely in the future.
  16. 16. Establishment of a balanced economic system • The economic condition of the Muslims, before partition was deplorable. The Muslims were not in a position to enter in the business and trade because of biased policy of government. After the war of Independence of 1857, the British Government had banned Muslims entry into government service. The Muslims also lagged behind in the field of education, the Hindus on the other hand had advanced in modern knowledge and were in a better position.
  17. 17. Protection of Muslim image and identity • In the United India the Muslims were dominated by the Hindus in every social field. The Muslims were not in a position to compete with the Hindus because of their backwardness in education and politics. The Hindus had adopted a prejudicial attitude which blocked all channels to prosperity and progress for the Muslims. The national image and identity of the was in great jeopardy because of the Hindu hatred and antagonism
  18. 18. Thank you.