"The important thing to recognize is that it takes a team, and the team ought to get credit for the wins and the losses. Successes have many fathers, failures have none." —Philip Caldwell Teamwork is all about caring for each other and achieving a proposed common outcome. Teams have an important place in our professional and personal lives. Working in teams isprobably an inevitable life experience, even for people who prefer to work alone. Teams areeverywhere. There are always student teams, task forces, and neighbourhood associations in additionto all of the workplace demands for working in a team. A team generates positive synergy throughcoordinated effort. The individual efforts result in a level of performance that is greater than the sumof those individual inputs. This is also evident in the movie “Remember the titans” where a collegeteam of American Football became an example for the others while there was a political instabilitygoing on due to the racism of Blacks and Whites. The team even forced the others to join hands anddiminish the differences of colour among them. In most cases, teams lead organizations to engage inhigher productivity. However, the effectiveness of a team is influenced by both internal and externalfactors. Internal factors include clear purpose, informality, participation, listening, opencommunication, shared leadership, consensus decisions, and clear roles & tasks assignment. This is an example of how defeats can be tuned into successes. It’s the bottom of the ninthinning, the score it three to two and the home team is down. The team decides to buckle down andplay baseball. With a series of hits and smart base running, the home team pulls off an upset. But whatreally made this upset happen? It Is Called Teamwork. Teamwork happens when members of a group or team, work together to achieve a commongoal, as a part of a cooperative effort. It’s is everywhere; it is a basic necessity of our lives. Withoutteamwork you would not be able to complete things that require the help of others such as building ahouse, running a factory, or even picking food products (The Family Itself). Teamwork can bedescribed in many ways: it is the sense of trust and accomplishment that you gain after you succeed,relationships and friendships are formed, work gets done, and teamwork teaches you responsibility. Itrequires you work together in form of trust. Trust is the faith that one person bestows upon another. There is a second school of thought on teambuilding which has a different point of viewpresented by Ian Cunningham, i.e. Teambuilding exercises can get a bad name because they do not
go far enough. In fact, the whole concept of building a team has been challenged by Ian Cunninghamin his article Against Teambuilding in Organisations and People’ [Vol.1, No.1, (1993) Pages13-15]. He prefers the concepts of team working and team development, warning that teambuildingcan have negative consequences such as: • A team becoming closed and precious - and out of touch with the rest of the organisation - through thinking itself special and different. • Over-use of instruments and tests (e.g. Belbin, Myers-Briggs) so that the teams language and thinking is distorted. • Emphasis tends to be on quick fix events - the assumption is that once the team is built its OK to leave them to it. • Issues in the team are explored at a shallow level only. Peoples articulations of problems are taken at face value without exploring hidden agendas, power plays, status seeking etc. • Trainers and consultants often use exercises that are quite disconnected from work practice. Many fun exercises and simulations have a poor record of creating sustainable change inside organisations. These were the two extents of views on leadership. Relating to the above concepts of a fewexamples which I had encountered in my life and by people from different walks of life, it comes tomy attention; the leaders should adopt an approach of being friendly towards the players, with agradual process of realization of the importance of each other for the success of the team. He was anautocratic leader and tries to bring change in the team, which was indeed successful in this nature thatinfluenced the behaviour of the team players, to play as one team uniting the Blacks and the Whites. Leaders are meant to adapt to the approach of revolutions rather than evolutions. They have tocome out of the box to solve problems faced by the employees as well the customers. This was theelement in ZA Bhutto, who had numerous achievements in different industries including agriculture,cement, etc. who was known to be a charismatic leader. His charisma could be seen in the annualdeath anniversary held annually, where his followers conduct Qur’an Khawanis for his soul to rest inpeace. He changed the authoritarian rulers’ concept to a more democracy oriented leadership wherefollowers are more important than the leader. This is the evidence that Z.A. Bhutto’s Charisma is stillremembered.
In my opinion the essentiality of a successful team is that, there should be a driving forcewhich should be motivating and forcing the whole group to complete the required task. This personcould be other than the leader itself, which is again personally observed by me while doing a groupassignment. On the other hand a charismatic leader is the one who makes his fellow members realizethe essentiality of being one to achieve the specific out cohesively, because this person is someonewith moral authority, rather than a formal authority. This person should have strong self principleswhich should strictly followed by himself, and these should for the interest of other people. The Team Should Follow the Principle Of “ALL FOR ONE RATHER THEN ONE FOR ALL”Salman AhmedTraining & Development CoordinatorSTEP Institute of Professional Development4C, New Muslim Town, LahoreUAN: 111-020-020www.step.edu.pkProviding global competencies locally since 2003Proud to be the only and 1st ever “A Rated Centre” in Pakistan to offer internationally recognised BritishVocational Qualifications! (Quality monitored and assessed by Edexcel, UK)