Cell world project script

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Cell world project script

  1. 1. Cell World ProjectScript On Anthrax By Andrew Smith
  2. 2.  Anthrax is an infection that is usually caused by a bacteria called “bacillus anthracis.” Most of the cases of this fatal disease are found in farm animals who graze a lot like sheep or cows. The disease anthrax can occur in humans though it is EXTERMELY unlikely. Anthrax has three different types all of which are usually fatal. The first is extremely simple and discrete. It gets into your lungs and gives you symptoms as if you had the flu. It then will cause your respiratory system to fail and kill you. The second is when it is called gastroenteric anthrax which is when it is ingested. This will cause vomit of blood, loss of appetite, severe diarrhea, and even inflammation of the intestines. After that it continues to you blood stream and then creates toxins which from there on will go throughout your body. The third type of anthrax is called Cutaneous anthrax and is conducted from cuts in the skin. This type of anthrax will appear as a black lesion on the skin. This type of anthrax is not as fatal as the other types but if it is not treated by a doctor, it will make its way to the bloodstream and then have the same effects as gastoenteric anthrax.
  3. 3.  Anthrax is not spread easily, it would be very hard to get this disease. Most of the time anthrax is conducted from working around grazing animals. There are three main ways it is spread. In can be spread through food that is contaminated, it can be spread through contact with an open wound or sore, and it can be spread through the air by breathing the spores. Luckily, anthrax and not be spread from human to human which lowers our chances of contracting this disease. The environment that anthrax tends to feed off of is farmland. It can be found in the soil there and even in its grazing animals.
  4. 4.  Anthrax has been shown to cut and deactivate mitogen- activated protein kinase in the human body. MAPK (Mitogen- activated protein kinase) is what regulates the flow of important cellular functions like survival and differentiation.
  5. 5.  In the 1870’s Louis Pasteur began to try to use a method to immunize his chickens from getting Anthrax. After some research, he ran a test, he had 2 groups of 25 sheep one goat and a few cows. He injected half of them with his Anthrax immunization vaccine, and the other half he did not. He then injected live anthrax into all of them, the ones without the vaccine died but the ones with it survived. Due to Pasteur’s discovery on Anthrax and trying cure it sparked the flame and other began to research Anthrax more and more and learn more about it.
  6. 6.  Recently not many people have become infected with the Anthrax disease, this is because it is so hard to catch. One of the biggest anthrax attacks though was in 2001. In 2001 Army scientists were toying with the idea of using Anthrax in weapons. They accidently contaminated some postal mail which then made it too its recipitents. This infected several people and ha d a total death rate of 5. This is still a case being investigated today. Another death occurred recently in Blackpool in 2012 to a drug user who may have taken the drug heroin which was contaminated with Anthrax.
  7. 7.  Research on anthrax does help us learn new things about the disease. It shows us how the disease works and what it does to the body. Research helps us develope ways to stop this infection and to also counter attack it once one has it.
  8. 8.  Theobstacles that researchers face with anthrax are not too many. The first being that the disease is so rare that studying a human patient with anthrax is hard to come by.
  9. 9.  When a vaccine for anthrax was being created there was much controversy whether or not the vaccines were going to be safe and if they would even work. 500,000 U.S. Army Troops received the vaccination and .05% reported that they had reactions to this vaccine. Still, people believed and believe that this vaccine may not be safe.
  10. 10.  When a vaccine for anthrax was being created there was much controversy whether or not the vaccines were going to be safe and if they would even work. 500,000 U.S. Army Troops received the vaccination and .05% reported that they had reactions to this vaccine. Still, people believed and believe that this vaccine may not be safe.
  11. 11. Alot for people report ofhaving long term effects afterthe vaccine which shows thatthe controversy is rightbecause there is in factsomething possibly wrongwith this vaccine. Thisinformation was taken froman article in 2001.
  12. 12.  There are no visible ethical implications to be found within the research of human Anthrax vaccines, as Vaccines were developed to protect humans from weaponized Anthrax. Anthrax research provides modern doctors with more insight about other diseases that may be weaponized that may be used in biological warfare.
  13. 13. The End! Please make sure you have taken thetime to view my photos in my cell world. 

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